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Verbos Irregulares en la forma de "yo"

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Verbos Irregulares en la forma de "yo"
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
ANTE TODO


In Spanish, several verbs have irregular yo
forms in the present tense.
You have already seen three examples of these
verbs with the –go ending in the yo form:
hacer
tener
poner



hago
tengo
pongo
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms


There are 4 families of these verbs that
must be memorized by their “yo”
ending type.
These verbs are only irregular in the
“yo” form and have all other regular
present tense forms.
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
First Family – “go” Verbs




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


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There is a small but very important group of verbs that we call
the “-go” verbs. These verbs drop their ER or IR ending to
replace with “go” in the “yo” form only. They are:
Hacer: to make/do
Poner: to put
Salir: to leave
Tener: to have
Traer: to bring
Venir: to come
Oír: to hear
Decir: to say/tell
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
I. Verbs with irregular yo forms
hacer
SINGULAR
FORMS
PLURAL
FORMS
poner
ER/IR “GO” verbs
salir
(to do; to
make)
(to put; to
place)
(to leave/go
out)
hago
haces
hace
pongo
pones
pone
salgo
sales
sale
hacemos
ponemos
salimos
hacen
ponen
salen
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
Examples:
— A veces salgo con mis amigos al parque.
— Nunca vengo a la escuela tarde.
The other forms are regular.


Mi madre siempre hace la cena.
Juan pone la mesa para la cena.
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
I. Verbs with irregular yo forms
irregular (e-ie)
SINGULAR
FORMS
PLURAL
FORMS
“GO” that are also
tener
venir
(to have)
(to come to)
tengo
tienes
tiene
tenemos
tienen
vengo
vienes
viene
venimos
vienen
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
Verbs like tener: verbs that contain the verb
tener after the prefix are all formed like tener
and take a “go” ending in the “yo” form and an
–e>ie stem change in other forms:
Mantener: to maintain (mantengo, mantienes,
etc.)
Obtener: to obtain (obtengo, obtienes, obtiene)
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
II. Verbs with irregular yo forms
*Oír (i->y)
Traer
*decir (e->i)
oigo
oyes
oye
traigo
traes
trae
digo
dices
dice
oímos
traemos
decimos
oyen
traen
dicen
(to hear)
SINGULAR
FORMS
PLURAL
FORMS
ER/IR “IGO” verbs
(to bring)
(to say/tell)
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
The verb oír
Oigo a unas personas en la otra
sala.
I hear some people in the other room.
¿Oyes música latina?
Do you hear Latin music?
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
The verbs ver y saber
The verbs ver (to see) and saber (to know a fact) have
irregular yo forms. The other forms of ver are regular.
ver (to see)
saber (to know)
SINGULAR FORMS
yo
veo
sé
tú
ves
sabes
Ud. / él / ella
ve
sabe

PLURAL FORMS
nosotros/as
Uds. / ellos / ellas
vemos
ven
sabemos
saben
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
III. Verbs with irregular yo forms
*SER
(to be)
SINGULAR
FORMS
PLURAL
FORMS
*Estar
“OY” verbs
Dar
(to be)
(to give)
estoy
estás
está
doy
das
da
somos
estamos
damos
son
están
dan
soy
eres
es
*IR
(to go)
Voy
Vas
Va
Vamos
van
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
¡INTÉNTALO! Provide the appropriate forms of these verbs.
1. salir
2. ver
3. poner
4. hacer
5. oír
6. traer
7. Ir
8. Saber
9. Venir
Isabel ___
Yo ___
Rita y yo___
Yo ___
Él ___
Ellas ___
Yo ___
Marta ___
Yo______
Nosotros ___ Yo ___
Ustedes ___
Tú ___
Yo ___
Los niños ___
Tú ___
Usted ___
Nosotros ___ Yo ___
Yo ___
Tú ___
Mi amigo ___ Nosotras ___
Yo _____
Los estudiantes_
Mis amigos y yo___ Tú ___
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
In conclusion…
 The –go verbs have an irregular yo form:
conozco, hago, pongo, salgo, sé, tengo,
traigo, vengo
 The other forms are regular according to their
conjugations. For example, traigo, traes,
trae, traemos, traen
 Tener & venir are stem-changing verbs and
also change in the tú, él, and ellos forms:
tienes, tiene, tienen; vienes, viene, vienen
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
V. Verbs with irregular yo forms
- cer or -cir
conocer
(to be)
SINGULAR
FORMS
ofrecer
(to be)
(to give)
conduzco
conduces
conduce
ofrezco
ofreces
ofrece
conocemos
conducimos
ofrecemos
conocen
conducen
ofrecen
conozco
conoces
conoce
PLURAL
FORMS
conducir
“zco” verbs end in –
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
The verbs like Conocer y Conducir

Verbs that end in –cer (like conocer) or –cir (like conducir) all take
the –zco in the “yo” form and keep the regular endings for all
other forms:
reconocer: to recognize (reconozco)
traducir: translate
agradecer: to thank
(traduzco)
parecer: to seem
aparecer: to appear
crecer: to grow
establecer: to establish
obedecer: to obey
ofrecer: to offer
permanecer: to remian
pertenecer: to belong
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Practica: Insert the verb from English to Spanish:
(to bring) ¿Qué _____ los turistas en el viaje?
(to hear) Nadie de la familia _______ los anuncios en el
aeropuerto.
(to come) El taxi ______ a las cinco para llevarnos.
(to say) Muchas personas ____ que la costa del sol en
España es muy pintoresca.
(to know) Yo ____ subir las pirámides.
(to give) El agente de viajes me _____ un folleto para
repasar.
(to go / see) Cuando yo ________ a la ciudad,
siempre ________ muchos edificios altos.
(to leave) Mi familia y yo ______ para Costa Rica el
seis de junio.
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
Practica: Insert the verb from English to Spanish:
9. (to translate) La guía turística ____ todo en inglés
para los pasajeros.
10. (to belong) Yo ______ al circúlo de moda en la
escuela.
11. (to maintain) Porque estudio mucho, ____
buenas notas en todas mis clases.
12. (to remain) Teresa y Carlos ______ en su viaje
por dos semanas.
13. (to recognize) Yo ______ muchos lugares en esta
ciudad de mi último viaje.

4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
Contesten las preguntas:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
¿A qué hora vienen los estudiantes a la escuela?
¿A quién obedecen tú y tus hermanos en casa ?
¿Sabes viajar solo?
¿Qué traen tú y tus amigos a la fiesta?
¿Sales mucho con amigos después de clases?
¿Dices la verdad siempre a tus padres?
¿Quién hace la cena en tu casa?
¿Conoces bien muchos estudiantes en esta clase?
¿Agradeces tu madre diariamente?
4.4 Verbs with irregular yo forms
Traduzcan las frases:
1.
I always offer to help my friends do their homework.
2.
In class today, the students are translating the letter into
English.
3.
Sra. Lewis is bringing her photos from Mexico to class
tomorrow.
4.
When I go camping, I see many interesting things in
nature.
5.
Marta says the answer in Spanish.
6.
I don’t know how to ride a horse.
7.
The homework seems difficult to me.
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