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SER vs. ESTAR - La clase de Español de Sra. Simpson

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SER vs. ESTAR - La clase de Español de Sra. Simpson
SER
VS.
Use SER when discussing:
• Origin
• Physical features
• Personality traits
• The usual nature and
characteristics of something
• Time
• Date
ESTAR
Use ESTAR when discussing:
• Location
• Emotions and feelings
• How something is at that
particular moment
• ESTAR is also used to form
the present and past
progressive tenses
Think of SER as a “constant Think of ESTAR as a “changing”
state of being,” or something state of being,” or something
that you don’t control.
that you can control and change
Here’s a good example of how choosing the right verb can make a difference:
La noche es oscura.
Night is dark. (in general)
El cuarto está oscuro. Las luces no funcionan.
The room is dark. The lights aren't working.
*********************************************************************************
Jorge es guapo. Jorge is a handsome guy.
Jorge está guapo. Jorge looks handsome. (Maybe he is wearing a suit or combed
his hair)
***********************************************************************************
La falda es roja. The skirt is red.
El semáforo está rojo. The street light is red.
************************************************************************************
Maria es loca. Ella vive en un manicomio.
Mary is crazy. She lives in an insane asylum.
Maria está loca. Maria is crazy (at this moment).
************************************************************************************
Irene es alegre. Irene is a happy person.
Eduardo está alegre. Eduardo is happy (right now).
************************************************************************************
Eres aburrido. You are boring.
Estás aburrido. You are bored.
*************************************************************************************
Soy de Doylestown.
I am from Doylestown.
Estoy en el salón de clase. I am in the classroom.
Location Prepositions used with ESTAR:
a la derecha de
al izquierda de
enfrente de
delante de
detrás de
a lado de
debajo de
encima de
en
dentro de
to the right of
to the left of
facing
in front of
in back of
to the side of
underneath
on top of
on/in
inside of
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