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Christmas around the world Dec. 3-21

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Christmas around the world Dec. 3-21
Holidays around the world
Noviembre 11- Nov. 25th SPN III
Students choose a country to
investigate:
Holiday celebrations
• Sign up for your country Nov. 11
• Find information on a country
and how they celebrate the
December holidays►
December Holiday Celebrations
Latino América
El Salvador
Honduras
Nicaragua
Guatemala
Costa Rica
Argentina
Bolivia
Chile
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Paraguay
Perú
Uruguay
Venezuela
México
Panamá
Belize
¿Islas Malvinas?
Las Guineas
Europa
España
Romania
Rusia
Francia
Escocia
Italia
Alemania
Portugal
África
Guinéa Ecuatorial
Kenia
Tunisia
• Holidays in Europe
Spain, Germany, France, Portugal, Scotland, Romania,
Italy, Russia
• Christmas in Latin America
El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, Perú, Argentina, Chile,
Brazil, México, Panamá, Nicaragua, Colombia, Venezuela,
Costa Rica, Belize, Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia,
Puerto Rico, ¿Islas Malvinas ?
• Christmas in Africa: Equatorial Guinea, Kenia, Tunisia
Nov. 12th Library Print info. In English on December
Holiday Celebrations > 10 items = 100Pts.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Hand crafts
Recipes
25 Voc
Games
Costumes
Language
Sports
Christmas Music – typical songs
????
11/13 Negative Informal TU Commads
Mandatos negativos informales TU
• To form negative tú commands with regular verbs, drop the -o of the
present tense yo form and add the following endings:
Hablar
►hablo → habl + es
►No hables ahora.
Comer
►como → com + as
►No comas tanto.
Abrir
►abro → abr + as
►No abras la boca.
• The same rule applies to verbs whose present tense yo form ends in -go, zco, -yo, and -jo.
Salir
►salgo →
No salgas si estás enferma.
Ofrecer
►ofrezco →
No les ofrezcas chucherías a tus amigos.
Escojer
►escojo→
No escojas comida con mucha grasa.
• The following verbs have irregular negative tú command forms.
1. Dar → no des
3. Ir → no vayas
2. Estar →no estés
4. Ser→no seas
•
•
•
•
•
•
11/13 Mandatos negativos con tú
Verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar have the following spelling changes in
the negative tú commands in order to keep the original sound.
sacar (c → qu) saqu + es ►
No saques la basura.
llegar (g → gu) llegu + es► No llegues tarde.
cruzar (z → c) cruc + es ►
No cruces aquí.
If you are using reflexive or object pronouns with negative commands,
place them after no.
Estás enfermo. No te levantes de la cama.
No comas el pastel.
No
No
te
lo
lo
I
O
D
O
comas.
comas.
V
Write a list of 5 Negative commands needed at this time of the year
Summarize your info in English.
Label your pictures
Nov. 17th Formal Commands: Ud., Uds.
• Remove the “s” from a negative “tu” command
form.
No bailes ►Baile (Ud.) ► No baile
►Bailen (Uds.)►No bailen
• Attach reflexive, direct and indirect pronouns to
the end of affirmative.
Lávense las manos antes de comer (Uds.)
Laven las manos de los niños=Lávenselas
 Write 5 negative commands with Ud. and your info.
 Write 5 negative commands with Uds. and your info.
 Perform your dialogue
Nov.
18th
Introduction to:
• Dreaming
world
• I want you
to buy me a
yellow
airplane!
El Subjuntivo
Nov. 18th El subjuntivo
 Conjugate verb in “yo” form of present tense
 Change vowel
 -ar verbs => e
 -er verbs => a
 -ir verbs => a
Vowel change
Nov.
18
 Keep (yo) conjugation for all persons



Hacer
Construir
Preferir
►hago
►haga
► construyo ►construya
►prefiero
►prefiera
 There must be t wo subjects in the sentence
 There must be t wo subjects in the sentence
Que Unites the two subjects
☺¡Yo quiero que ustedes entiendan todo!
Martes
Nov. 18
Uses of the subjunctive:
Express influence, emotion, and
doubt or denial
• INDICATIVE
• Is used to state facts
and to ask questions; it
objectively states facts
considered true by the
speaker
• SUBJUNCTIVE
• Used to express more
subjective or
conceptualized actions.
These include things that
the speaker wants to
happen or wants others to
do.
Write 3 sentences using the subjunctive and your info.
Read your sentences to teacher
Nov. 18
IRREGULAR: Verbs in the Subjunctive
p. 132,135,137
•Dar
= dé
Pensar = piense
Entender = entienda Conocer = conozca
•Ser
= sea
Decir = diga
Cruzar = cruce
Pagar = pague
•Estar
= esté
Buscar = busque
Tener = tenga
Apagar = apague
•Saber = sepa
•Pedir
•Ir
Dependent clause in a form of the
Indicative
subjunctive
= pida
= vaya
•Dormir = duerma
•Pensar = piense
•Jugar
•Main clause in the
= juegue
1.
Querer
2.
Esperar
3.
Ser importante
4.
Desear
5.
No creer
6.
Ojalá
Que
Subjuntivo
•Sentirse = me sienta
Ej: Quiero que vayamos a Esocia para la Navidad.
Noviembre 20
• With information about Holidays:
– Build 5 ornaments
Write 3 affirmative sentences use irregular
subjunctive verbs. Ejemplo: Deseo que duerma
mucho para la Navidad
Read two Ornaments:
With subjunctive
sentences to teacher for
oral grade
Monday Nov. 24 El subjuntivo: Review
1. Conjugate verb in “yo” form of present tense
2. Change vowel
–
–
–
-ar verbs => e
-er verbs => a
-ir verbs => a
Vowel change
3. Keep (yo) conjugation for all persons
4. There must be two subjects in the sentence
5. Stem changing verbs follow the stem-changing
pattern of the present indicative.
6. Verbs that end in ir and are stem changing verbs
show a stem change in the nosotros form:
–
–
–
dormir>duerma, durmamos
pedir>pida,pidamos
preferir>prefiera, prefiramos
45
CONJUNCTIONS OF CONTINGENCY AND PURPOSE ALWAYS
INTRODUCE THE SUBJUNCTIVE
• a menos que
unless
• antes (de) que
before
• con tal (de) que
provided (that)
• en caso de que
in case
• Think of the many reasons you are thankful for
and write about the Thanksgiving celebration:
 Write five sentences using conjunctions and the
subjunctive.
 Read for oral grade
45
Martes Nov. 25 CONJUNCTIONS OF CONTINGENCY AND
PURPOSE ALWAYS INTRODUCE THE SUBJUNCTIVE
• a menos que
unless
• antes (de) que
before
• con tal (de) que
provided (that)
• en caso de que
in case
• Think of the many reasons you are thankful for
and write about the Thanksgiving celebration:
 Write 3 sentences using conjunctions and the
subjunctive.
 Read for oral grade
Fly UP