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Apuntes - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo

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Apuntes - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo
Apuntes - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo
The imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood
is used to express the same subjectivity as the
present subjunctive, but in the past.
You form the imperfect subjunctive by taking
the ellos/ellas/ustedes form of the preterit,
removing the -ron and adding the following
endings:
Yo
Tú
Él
–ra
–ras
–ra
Nosotros
Vosotros
Ellos
-’ramos
-rais
-ran
Ejemplos:
hablar → hablaron
Yo hablara
Nosotros habláramos
Tú hablaras
Vosotros hablarais
Él hablara
Ellos hablaran
servir → sirvieron
Yo sirviera
Nosotros sirviéramos
Tú sirvieras
Vosotros sirvierais
Él sirviera
Ellos sirvieran
Práctica:
llevar → llevaron
Imperfect subjunctive: yo llevara
decir → dijeron
Imperfect subjunctive: yo dijera
educar → educaron
Imperfect subjunctive: yo educara
The imperfect subjunctive is used to express
subjectivity in the past after the same verbs,
impersonal expressions, and conjunctions as
the present subjunctive.
For the imperfect subjunctive to be needed,
the verb in the independent clause has to be in
one of the following tenses/moods: preterit,
imperfect, conditional, or pluperfect (past
perfect).
Ejemplos:
Quería que lo hicieras.
↓
imperfect
I wanted you to do it.
↓
imperfect subjunctive
Fue una lástima que no pudiera ir.
↓
preterit
It was a shame that he couldn't go.
↓
imperfect subjunctive
Yo iría al banco para que tuviéramos dinero.
↓
conditional
↓
imperfect subjunctive
I would go to the bank so that we'd have money.
Mi tía les recomendó que leyeran el libro.
↓
preterit
↓
imperfect subjunctive
My aunt recommended that they read the book.
Yo les habia dicho que no dejaran la basura allí.
↓
past perfect
↓
imperfect subjunctive
I had told them not to leave the trash there.
Práctica:
hablaran
1. Yo les recomendé que ustedes ______________
(estudiar) para el examen.
limpiran
2. Les rogué a mis hermanas que ______________
(limpiar) la casa.
felicitara
3. Mi mamá quería que ______________
(felicitar)
a la graduanda.
4. Los invitados no querían que la fiesta
se acabara
______________
(acabarse).
fuera
5. Mi padre quería que yo ______________
(ser)
médico.
Tenses of the subjunctive
Independent Clause
(Indicative)
Present
Present Perfect
Future
Dependent Clause
(Subjunctive)
Present
Present
Preterit
Imperfect
Conditional
Past Perfect
Present Perfect (if action
has taken place)
Imperfect
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