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ESPAÑOL II y II PreAP

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ESPAÑOL II y II PreAP
EL IMPERFECTO
¿Qué es?
The imperfect is a past tense that is used in very specific ways.
It’s frequently translated used to… or was doing....
It is NOT interchangeable with the preterite.
WORDS OFTEN ASSOCIATED WITH THE IMPERFECT:
a veces
cada ___
con frecuencia
de vez en cuando
frecuentemente
generalmente
los lunes
**mientras
normalmente
siempre
todos los ___
usualmente
sometimes
every ___
frequently (with frequency)
from time to time
frequently
generally
(on) Mondays
**while
normally
always
every ___
usually
EL IMPERFECTO
Formas Regulares
-ar verbs:
aba
ábamos
abas
aba
aban
-er / -ir verbs:
ía
íamos
ías
ía
ían
Mis padres trabajaban cada fin de semana.
My parents worked (used to work) every weekend.
Mis padres comían en ese restaurante cada fin
de semana.
My parents ate (used to eat) in that restaurant every weekend.
EL IMPERFECTO
Formas Irregulares
ser
era
eras
era
éramos
eran
ver
veía
veías
veía
ir
iba
ibas
iba
íbamos
iban
haber
veíamos
veían
--------había
----------
EL IMPERFECTO
Práctica
Enrique used to study in the library with his friends.
Enrique estudiaba en la biblioteca con sus amigos.
We were listening to the radio in the car.
Escuchábamos la radio en el carro.
Did you used to live here?
¿Vivías aquí?
Silvia was doing her homework.
Silvia hacía la tarea.
EL IMPERFECTO
• Uses
The imperfect is a past tense that is used in specific ways.
It is NOT interchangeable with the preterite.
The Imperfect generally emphasizes the past nature of an action,
without pinpointing a specific time the action took place.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Simultaneous Actions
Habitual Actions
Ongoing Actions
Weather
Description
Age
Time
Emotion/mental actions
EL IMPERFECTO
• SIMULTANEOUS ACTIONS
2 or more actions at the same time that took place in the past.
KEY WORD: Mientras (while)
• Mi madre lavaba los platos mientras yo
miraba la tele.
• My mom was washing (washed) dishes while I was watching
(watched) t.v.
• Carlos estudiaba mientras José escribía el
ensayo.
• Carlos was studying (studied) while José was writing (wrote)
the essay.
EL IMPERFECTO
• HABITUAL ACTIONS
Repeated actions in the past
KEY WORDS: Cada… / Todos los… / Usualmente
• Mi madre lavaba los platos cada noche
después de la cena.
• My mom used to wash (washed) dishes every night after
dinner.
• Carlos usualmente estudiaba en su
dormitorio.
• Carlos usually studied in his bedroom.
EL IMPERFECTO
• ONGOING ACTIONS
Usually a background action, or something taking place when
something else happened. The other action is in the
PRETERITE.
KEY WORD: Cuando (When)
• Mi madre lavaba los platos cuando yo entré
en la cocina.
• My mom was washing dishes when I came into the kitchen.
• Carlos estudiaba cuando José llegó a la
puerta.
• Carlos was studying when José arrived at the door.
EL IMPERFECTO
• WEATHER
Descriptions of weather are usually in the imperfect.
• Hacía buen tiempo ayer.
• It was nice weather yesterday.
• Llovía la semana pasada.
• It rained last week.
EL IMPERFECTO
• DESCRIPTION
To describe in the past, use the Imperfect.
• Mi madre era alta y rubia.
• My mom was tall and blonde.
• Carlos era simpático.
• Carlos was nice.
EL IMPERFECTO
• AGE
To tell someone’s or something’s age in the past, use the Imperfect.
• Mi madre tenía cuarenta años en 1974.
• My mom was 40 years old in 1974.
• Cuando Carlos tenía 18 años, él se le rompió
el brazo.
• When Carlos was 18, he broke his arm.
EL IMPERFECTO
• TIME
Always use the Imperfect to tell time in the past.
• Eran las 3 cuando llegamos al aeropuerto.
• It was 3:00 when we arrived at the airport.
• Era la una y por fin pudimos almorzar.
• It was 1:00 and finally we managed to eat lunch.
EL IMPERFECTO
• EMOTION / MENTAL PROCESS
To express emotions, thought processes, wishes, desires, etc. in
the past, use the imperfect.
• Mi madre estaba contenta al recibir nuestro
regalo.
• My mom was happy upon receiving (when she received) our
gift.
• Carlos no me creía.
• Carlos didn’t believe me.
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