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Los mandatos informales

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Los mandatos informales
Mandatos
informales
Informal Commands
• To give a command in Spanish, you must first
decide whether you wish to use an informal (tú) or
formal (usted) command. In this lesson we will
focus on informal commands since they are
considered to be friendlier.
• Secondly, you must be aware of whether you are
giving a positive or negative command since each
has a different conjugation.
For example;
Catch (positive) = ¡Agarra!
Don’t Catch (negative) = ¡No agarres!
Positive Informal Commands
Conjugating a positive
informal command is very
easy. The conjugation is
the same as the present
tense usted form of the
verb.
(Yes,
the
tú
command uses an usted
conjugation!) Here are
some examples >
Verb
Tomar
Traer
Hablar
Tirar
Beber
Vivir
Positive
Informal
Command
¡Toma!
¡Trae!
¡Habla!
¡Tira!
¡Bebe!
¡Vive!
Irregulars
The following verbs have irregular command forms:
Verb Positive Form
To put
Pon
To come
Ven
To go
Ve
To be
Sé
To have
Ten
To do, to make
Haz
To leave
Sal
To say, to tell
Di
Negative Informal Commands
Conjugating a negative informal command is a
little more complicated. Here are the steps;
1. Conjugate the verb in the
present tense yo form.
2. Remove the “o”.
3. Add “es” to –AR verbs or
“as” to –ER & -IR verbs.
Here are some examples;
Verb Yo form minus
the “O”
Tomar
Traer
Hablar
Contar
Beber
Conocer
TomTraigHablCuentBebConozc-
Negative Informal
Command
¡No tomes!
¡No traigas!
¡No hables!
¡No cuentes!
¡No bebas!
¡No conozcas!
Notice that any stem changes or spelling
changes in the yo form remain in the
command form.
Irregulars
The following verbs have irregular command forms:
Verb Positive Form Negative Form
To put
Pon
No pongas
(regular)
To come
Ven
No vengas
(regular)
To go
Ve
No vayas
To be
Sé
No seas
To have
Ten
No tengas
(regular)
To do, to make
Haz
No hagas
(regular)
To leave
Sal
No salgas
(regular)
To say, to tell
Di
No digas
(regular)
Now you try it! On a piece of paper, or in your
head, conjugate the following and then click
for the correct answer.
Note: do not use tú when giving a command.
Ask! (Preguntar)
¡Pregunta!
Study! (Estudiar)
¡Estudia!
Run! (Correr)
¡Corre!
Write! (Escribir)
¡Escribe!
Good, now try some negatives!
Don’t ask! (Preguntar)
¡No preguntes!
Don’t run! (Correr)
¡No corras!
Don’t return! (Volver o>ue)
¡No vuelvas!
Don’t come! (Venir)
¡No vengas!
Fin
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