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Viva - Quia

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Viva - Quia
Viva
Viva
1st Page
Contenido
Ser & Subject Pronouns
página uno
Ser = to be
Singular
Plural
1st
I am=Yo soy
We are= nosotros(as) somos
2nd
You are=tú eres
You all are=vosotros(as) sois
3rd
He is
él
They are
ellos, ellas
She is
ella es You all are (f) ustedes (Uds.)
You are usted (Ud.)
son
Canción de ser
Practicamos
Traduzcan al español.
1.) I am tall.
2.) Are you intelligent?
3.) My friend is from Texas.
4.) We are students.
5.) They are pretty.
Los adjetivos
página dos
Pon la hoja que dice “Common Adjectives” en la
pagina dos.
Copia las definiciones de el “elmo”.
Pon la hoja que dice “Adjective Agreement” detrás.
¡Practicamos!
Escribe la frase y escribe el adjetivo en español.
Ex. Stacey es (nice). Stacey es simpática.
1.) Las chicas son (funny).
2.) Meagan es (lazy).
3.) Matt es (interesting).
4.) Lindsay y Cara son (intellectual).
5.) Antonio y Virginia son (thin).
6.) Candice y Jasmine son (brown hair/skin).
7.) Los chicos son (hard-working).
8.) Byron y Carson son (impatient).
9.) Kaitlin es (reserved).
10.) Davis es (athletic).
Verbos comunes….página tres
• Pon la hoja que dice “verbos comunes” en la
pàgina tres
Copia las definiciones de el elmo.
Practicamos
Escribe la frase y cambia (change) el verbo al español.
1. Me gusta (to write) cuentos.
2. Mis amigos les gusta (to run).
3. Will le gusta (to watch) deportes.
4. Las chicas les gusta (to laugh).
5. Me gusta (to drive) el carro.
6. Me gusta (to do) la tarea en la biblioteca.
7. Jaquisha y Ty les gusta (to sing).
8. ¿Te gusta (to drink) agua?
9. Te gusta (to play) golf.
10. No me gusta (to swim).
Verbos regulares en el presente
página cuatro
A verb in it’s original form is called an infinitive. There are
three infinitive (verb) endings in Spanish--ar, -er, and -ir.
The stem of a verb is what is left after you take off the
infinitive ending.
Ex. Bailar-to dance
stem=bail
comer-to eat
stem=com
escribir-to write
stem=escrib
Conjugation is changing a verb to fit it’s subject. When you
conjugate regular verbs in the present tense, take off the
infinitive ending first.
Bailar -to dance
Singular
Plural
Yo bailo
nosotros(as) bailamos
Tú bailas
Vosotros (as) bailaís
Él, ella, usted baila
ellos,ellas,uds bailan
comer -to eat
Singular
Plural
Yo como
nosotros(as) comemos
Tu comes
Vosotros (as) comeís
Él, ella, usted come
ellos,ellas,uds comen
escribir -to write
Singular
Plural
Yo escribo
nosotros(as) escribimos
Tú escribes
Vosotros (as) escribís
Él, ella, usted escribe
ellos,ellas,uds escriben
¡Practicamos!
Escribe la forma correcta del
verbo.
1. Cantar (yo)
2. Describir (Daniel)
3. Leer (Brandon y Eric)
4. Trabajar (tú)
5. Practicar (Ana y yo)
6. Dibujar (nosotros)
7. Correr (las chicas)
8. Caminar (tú y tus amigos)
9. Tocar (yo)
10. Copiar (ella)
After I have checked your
practice and you have
received a sticker meaning
all answers are correct; go
to the laptop
cart and pick up the
computer assigned to you.
The list is on top of
the cart.
Go to http://www.quia.com
Click on Quia Web
Use the UN and PW on
your strip of paper.
Interrogativos y frecuencia…………página cinco
Interrogativos/Question Words
*All question words have accents*
Who?
¿Quién?
What?
¿Qué?
When?
¿Cuándo?
Why?
¿Por qué? (porque=because)
Where?
¿Dónde?
To where?
¿A dónde?
From Where?
¿De dónde?
How? (What?)
¿Cómo?
How many?
¿Cuántos?/¿Cuántas?
How much?
¿Cuánto?/¿Cuánta?
Which?
¿Cuál?/¿Cuáles?
When asking a question in Spanish the order is as
follows:
Question word + verb+ subj
Ex. ¿Dónde vives tú?
Where do you live?
¿De dónde son ustedes? Where are y’all from?
¿Quién es ella?
Who is she?
Frecuencia/Words of Frequency
Sometimes
Always
Never
Everyday
On the weekend(s)
Often
Before
After
a veces
siempre
nunca
todos los días
el(los) fin(es) de semana
a menudo
antes de
después de
Practicamos
1.) Write the name of a famous person that you
would like to interview.
2.) Write five appropriate questions that you would
like to ask that person in English using five
different questions words. Use a frequency word
in at least three questions.
3.) Translate your interrogative (question word)
and your frequency word to Spanish.
Ex. What is something you do often to relax?
¿Qué? a menudo
Vocabulario: La escuela……………….página seis
• Copia el vocabulario de la página catorce en el libro.
Escribe todas palabras.
• Escribe el español. Sra Mayo voy a dar el inglés.
Ex.:
Las clases
clases
El arte
art
Las ciencias naturales
science
We will also be adding other subjects!
Irregular “yo” verbs and tener…página siete
Irregular verbs have a conjugation pattern that
is different from the usual pattern.
Irregular “yo” verbs have an irregular
conjugation in the “yo” form.
The other forms (tú, él, nosotros,vosotros,ellos)
follow regular conjugation for the most part.
Tener-to have
Singular
Yo
Tú
Él, ella
Usted
Tengo
Tienes
Tiene
Plural
Nosotros
Nosotras
Vosotros
Vosotras
Ellos, ellas
Ustedes
Tenemos
Tenéis
Tienen
Use a form of tener + que + infinitive to say what one has to do.
I have to wash dishes. Tengo que lavar los platos.
Poner
to put/to set
Pongo
Ponemos
Pones
Ponéis
Pone
Ponen
Traer
Traigo
Traes
Trae
to bring
Traemos
traéis
traen
iPracticamos!
Contesta con frases completas.
1.) ¿Qué tienes que hacer en casa?
2.) ¿Qué traes a la escuela?
3.) ¿Pones la mesa cuando comes con la familia?
4.) ¿Dónde haces la tarea?
5.) ¿Tienes una computadora en casa?
¿Qué haces en las clases?….página ocho
Copia el vocabulario de la página cuarenta en el
libro.
(Don’t copy the charts!)
Stem changing verbs….pàgina nueve
 The stem of a verb is what is left after you take off the
infinitive ending.
 Stem changing verbs change in the stem when
conjugated.
 Stem changing verbs change in all forms except
nosotros and vosotros.
 They are known as Boot verbs because the stem
changes in the boot shape.
e>ie
Empiezo
Empezamos
Empiezas
empezáis
Empieza
empiezan
1.) e ˃ ie
Perder-to lose
Querer-to want
Empezar to start
Entender-to understand
Preferir-to want, prefer
Pensar-to think
2.) o>ue
Almorzar-to eat lunch
Dormir-to sleep
o>ue
Jugar-to play
Duermo
Poder-to be able to
Duermes
Costar-to cost
Duerme
Jugar changes from u>ue.
Dormimos
Dormís
duermen
3.)e>i
Pedir-to ask for
Servir-to serve
Repetir-to repeat
e>i
Pido
Pides
Pide
Pedimos
Pedís
Piden
¡Practicamos!
Copia y contesta las preguntas con frases completas.
Ex. ¿Repites las palabras para aprender de memoria el
vocabulario. Si, repito las palabras.
1.) ¿Entiendes el español?
2.) ¿En qué clase almuerzas?
3.) ¿Cuántas horas duermes?
4.) ¿Prefieres trabajar en grupo o individuo?
5.) ¿Quieres dar un discurso en español?
6.) ¿Pides ayuda cuando la necesitas?
Affirmative & Negative Words…..página diez
Positive (+)
Negative (-)
Something-algo
Nothing-nada
Someone-alguien
No one-nadie
Any/some- algún (masc,sing)
No/none/not any- Ningún (masc,sing)
Alguna (fem,sing)
Ninguna (fem, sing)
Algunos (masc, plu)
Ningunos(masc,plu)
Algunas (fem,plu)
Ningunas(fem, plu)
Always-siempre
Never-nunca
Also/too-también
Neither/either-tampoco
You need a double (-) in Spanish unless the negative
word starts the sentence.
I never ask for help.
No pido ayuda nunca. or Nunca pido ayuda.
I always ask for help.
Pido ayuda siempre.
I don’t need any scissors.
No necesito ningunas tijeras
I want some supplies for the class.
Quiero algunos materiales para la clase.
Nadie almuerza conmigo.
Nobody eats lunch with me.
I don’t know anybody at Cape Fear,
No conozco a nadie en Cape Fear.
¡Practicamos!
Copy and complete the sentences using your vocabulary
words (you choose). Translate the sentence to Spanish.
1.) I have some __________________.(scissors,
tape, books, etc)
2.) I always ________________.(arrive on time,
arrive late, turn in work, etc.)
3.) I don’t never __________________.
(arrive on time, arrive late, turn in work, etc.)
4.) I don’t need no _________________.
(pencils, pens, paper, etc.).
Ser vs. Estar…………página once
Ser
To be
Estar
To be
Soy
Somos
Estoy
estamos
Eres
Sois
estás
Estáis
Es
Son
Está
están








Physical characteristics
Personality
Origin (nationality)
Time
Date
Profession
Possessions
identification
 Feelings/conditions
 Location
 Present progressive
*form of estar + verb (ando/iendo)
Por ejemplo….
¿Cómo estás?
Julio es alto.
Estoy entusiasmado.
Nosotros somos graciosos.
Soy de Fayetteville.
¿Dónde está ella?
Son las dos y media.
Ella está en la boda.
Hoy es el 19 de octubre.
Sra. Mayo es profesora.
¿Qué están haciendo Uds.?
El libro es de Juan.
Estamos estudiando.
Tu eres mi primo.
¡PRACTICAMOS!
Answer each question w/ complete sentences in
ENGLISH.
1.) Think of someone special in your life.
Where is he/she (work, school, home, overseas, etc.)?
Ex. My mom is at work.
2.) What is a physical characteristic of that person?
3.) What is a personality trait of that person?
4.) How is that person doing (feeling)?
5.) Where is that person from?
Traduzca las frases al español.
(handout-2 pages)
La Ropa y el cuerpo….página quince
Copia las palabras de la página 70 (incluye los
subtítulos)
llevar
la oreja
la boca
Glue/tape the monster to the back of pagina
quince, we will label the body parts (pic on elmo)
The quiz will only include body parts in the book
+ ear and mouth
Verbs & Expressions w/the infinitive….página dieciseis
Fold the paper in half como hamburguesa
Cut one side of the fold 10 times to make 11
flaps on the paper
Write the 10 vocabulary phrases from the box
on p. 71 on the flaps. On the 11th flap write:
Acabar de
just
¿Cómo te preparas?....pàgina diecisiete
Copia el vocabulario de la pàgina 96.
No copian las cajas
Add these words:
maquillarse-to put on make up
Peinarse el pelo-to comb one’s hair
Reflexive Verbs…….pàgina dieciocho
Reflexive Verbs are verbs that you do to
yourself. (Reflection)
You know a verb is reflexive if it ends in –se.
When you conjugate a reflexive verb you must
start with a reflexive pronoun.
Afeitarse
Me afeito
Te afeitas
Se afeita
to shave
nos afeitamos
Os afeitáis
Se afeitan
Do you shave your legs? ¿Te afeitas las piernas?
Acostarse (o>ue)
Me acuesto
Te acuestas
Se acuesta
To go to bed
nos acostamos
Os acostáis
Se acuestan
What time does she go to bed? ¿A qué hora ella se acuesta?
When using reflexive verbs with the infinitive,
change the pronoun at end of the verb to fit the
subject.
Ex. I need to brush my teeth.
Necesito cepillarme los dientes.
I have to shave everyday.
Tengo que afeitarme todos los días.
iPracticamos!
Draw a picture that represents five things you
do each morning using the reflexive verbs from
Viva #17.
1. example:
2.
3.
4.
5.
Using the five pictures, write 5 sentence
describing what you do in the morning to get
ready.
1. Example
Me cepillo los dientes.
Tengo que cepillarme los dientes.
Mi rutina diaria……página diecinueve
When talking about sequence of events in
Spanish, there are certain words you should
remember…
Ordinal numbers (primero, segundo, tercero,
etc.)
Luego-later, then
Entonces-then
Más tarde-later
Finalmente-finally
antes de-before
después de-after
Example of a morning routine:
Me despierto a las cinco y media de la mañana y
primero me levanto de la cama.
Entonces, me lavo la cara antes de cepillarme
los dientes.
Luego me ducho rápidamente.
Me visto después de ponerme el desodorante.
Finalmente, me maquillo y salgo de la casa.
Back of the page
• Fill out the reflexive verb conjugation chart
(remember that acostarse, despertarse, and
vestirse are stem-changing verbs)
• Glue one half into your viva.
Cuando eramos niños…...página veinte
Copia el vocabulario de la
pàgina doscientos y ocho.
No copia las cajas.
Uses:
To talk about what someone used to do in
the past
Habitual actions in the past
To set a scene-time, date, location
To talk about your childhood memories
Conjugations
AR VERBS-coleccionar
to collect
coleccionaba
coleccionabas
coleccionaba
coleccionábamos
coleccionabais
coleccionaban
Er/Ir Verbs-Mentir
To lie
mentía
mentíamos
mentías
mentíais
mentía
mentían
3 Irregulars
Ser
era
To be
éramos
eras
era
erais
eran
Ver
veía
Veías
veía
Ir
iba
To go
íbamos
ibas
iba
ibais
iban
To see
veíamos
veíais
veían
Copy question and answer each question w/ a
complete sentence.
1.) ¿Como eras de niño/a? (spoiled, wellbehaved, disobedient, etc.)
2.) ¿Qué coleccionabas? (dolls, dinosaurs, etc.)
3.) ¿Qué hacías mucho?
Post lesson
Translate the sentences from the pre-lesson
activity.
Classwork on a separate sheet of paper:
1.) Write 7 sentences using the following verbs
in the imperfect tense: molestar, pelear, saltar,
obedecer, ofrecer, permitir, portarse
2.) Complete activity 14 on p. 195.
Indirect Object Pronouns……..página veintidós
An indirect object answers the question to
whom or for whom.
Indirect objects are usually people.
Examples (copy please):
My aunt used to buy me candy.
S
V
IO
DO
I used to write my mom letters.
Mi tía me compraba dulces. Mi tía me compraba dulces (a mí).
S
Yo
IOP
V
DO
le escribía cartas. Yo le escribía cartas (a mi madre).
¡Practicamos!
A.) Complete Activity 22 from p. 199 in the textbook.
Ex.
mi padre
Ella le compraba una corbata a mi padre. (for him=le)
S
IOP
V
DO
IO
Identify the subject, verb, direct object, indirect object and indirect
object pronoun in each sentence.
lunes, el 8 de abril
No mini-Lesson
Viva:
El tiempo libre………………..página veintitrés
Copia el vocabulario de la página cuarenta y
dos.
The Verb Ir…………….página veinticuatro
Ir
Yo
Tú
Él, ella
Usted
voy
vas
va
To go
Nosotros (as) vamos
Vosotros (as) váis
Ellos(as)
Ustedes
van
Ex. I go shopping on Saturdays. Yo voy de compras los sabados
Ex. He goes to work every night. Él va al trabajo cada noche.
a + el = al
Voy a + el parque becomes voy al parque.
I am going to the park.
de + el = del
Voy a salir de + el parque becomes Voy a salir del
parque
I am going to leave from the park.
ir + a + infinitive
Use a form of ir + a + infinitive to tell what
someone is going to do.
Example 1: Vamos a hablar por teléfono
después de las clases.
We are going to talk on the phone after class.
Example 2: ¿Qué vas a hacer tú después de las
clases hoy?
What are you going to do after school?
¡Practicamos!
Copy and answer the following questions with
complete sentences in Spanish.
1.) Where do you go on Saturdays?
2.) Where do you go on Sundays?
3.) Where do you and your friends go eat?
4.) When do you and your friends go to the
movies?
5.) Do you go to the park?
Actividades extracurricales…….pagina veinticinco
• Copy the vocabulary from p. 68
Making Comparisons of Equality…página veintiséis
To compare using adjectives:
Tan + adjective + como = as + adjective + as
Hockey is as fun as soccer.
El hockey es tan divertido como el fútbol.
At my school swimming is not as popular as
basketball.
En mi escuela la natación no es tan popular
como el básquetbol.
To compare nouns:
Tanto(a) + noun + como = as much + noun + as
Tantos (as) + noun + como=as many + noun+ as
I have as many sisters as you.
Tengo tantas hermanas como tú.
Does LeBron earn as much money as Kobe?
¿LeBron gana tanto dinero como Kobe?
¡Practicamos!
1.) Think of a person that is around the same height as
you. Copy and complete.
_____________ is as tall/short as I.
2.) Think of a person that is the same age as you. Copy
and complete the sentence.
_____________ is as old/young as I.
3.) Think of someone that has as many friends, siblings or
problems as you do. Copy and complete the sentence
below.
_____________ has as many problems/friends/siblings as
I.
Post activity (below the line)
Translate the three sentences to Spanish.
Ex. #1) Angela is as short as I am.
Ángela es tan baja como yo.
Saber vs Conocer……..página veintisiete
Both verbs mean to know
CONOCER
SABER
Yo sé
Nosotros (as) sabemos
Yo conozco
Nosotros (as) conocemos
Tú sabes
Vosotros (as) sabéis
Tu conoces
Vosotros (as) conocéis
Él, ella
Usted
Ellos, ellas
Ustedes
Él, ella
Usted conoce
Ellos, ellas
Ustedes
sabe
saben
 Saber means to know facts & information
Ex. I know the colors in Spanish.
Sé los colores en español.
 You can also use saber with the infinitive
of another verb to say someone knows
how to do something
Ex. Do you know how to draw? ¿Sabes
dibujar?
conocen
 Conocer means to know a person.
Use the personal a to say you know person.
Ex. I know Jessica. Conozco a Jessica
 Conocer means to be familiar with a place
or thing.
Are you familiar with the music of Enrique
Iglesias?
¿Conoces la música de Enrique Iglesias?
¡Practicamos!
Copy and complete the sentence in English
1.) Think of a famous person you know a lot about.
I know ____________.
2.) Think of one fact that you know about that person.
I know ___________________.
3.) Think of a place you are familiar with.
I know ________________ well.
4.) Think of one fact you know about that place.
I know ___________________.
5.) Think of something or someone you aren’t familiar with.
I don’t know _____________________.
Post Lesson
#1 Translate the sentence.
#2-5 Decide whether you would use saber or
conocer in each sentence and write either yo sé
or yo conozco.
• To tell how long someone has been doing
something use:
Hace + period of time + que + present tense verb
Hace 10 años que juego al ajedrez.
For ten years I have been playing chess
Hace 2 meses que conozco a Andrés.
For two months I have known Andre.
• To ask how long something has been going on,
use:
¿Cuánto tiempo + hace que + present tense verb..?
¿Cuánto tiempo hace que juegas al fútbol?
How long have you been playing soccer?
Day (s)
días
Week (s)
Semana (s)
Month (s)
Mes (es)
Year (s)
Año (s)
Hour(s)
Hora (s)
Minute (s)
Minuto (s)
Second (s)
Segundo (s)
1.) Think of a sport or any extracurricular activity
that you are involved in. Write a sentence that tells
how long you have been doing that activity.
Ex. I have been a member of the choir for six years.
Don’t use my example.
2.) Think of a good friend and write a sentence
about how long you have known them.
I have known Angelique for 14 years.
Actividad de post-lección: (debajo de la línea)
Traduzca las frases de la actividad de pre-lección
4/23/12 No Mini-Lesson:
¿Quieres ir de compras?...página veintinueve
Abran su libro en la página noventa y ocho.
Copien las palabras en español.
Copy:
*Nouns come before adjectives in Spanish
*Adjectives match gender & number of the noun.
Ex. Black purse- el bolso negro
red boots-botas rojas
¡Practicamos!
1.) blue socks2.) new cds3.) expensive wallet4.) cheap shirt5.) old software-
Los números y las fechas…página treinta
• Cut out or fold the numbers and paste them on
p. 30 of your viva.
• Copy this under number sheet:
*To give the date in Spanish:
el + number + de + month (+ de + year)
Ex. May 6th- El 6 de mayo
May 6, 2010- El 6 de mayo de dos mil diez
*The year is always given using complete numbers:
Ex. 2012= dos mil doce
1982=mil novecientos ochenta y dos
1492=mil cuatrocientos noventa y dos
¡Practicamos!
Copien y escriban en español.
1. 2004
2. 200,000
3. 1996
4. 530
5. April 6, 1938
6. 125, 760
7. May 11, 2013
¿Qué ropa compraste?... Página treinta y uno
• Copia el vocabulario de la página 124
The Past Tense (preterite)…página treinta y dos
In English we often add –ed to a word to form the
past tense (walked, talked, looked).
Sometimes we do not add-ed (swam, sang, ate,
wrote).
In Spanish, there is a different set of verb endings
for the past tense.
The preterite is used to talk about events in the past
that have a definite ending.
-ar
Gastar
to spend
gasté
gastaste
gastó
gastamos
gastasteis
gastaron
-er/-ir
Er/ir verb
endings all
start with
“i”.
Escoger
Escogí
Escogiste
Escogió
to choose
escogimos
escogisteis
escogieron
Keywords
Yesterday-ayer
The day before yesterday-anteayer
Last night-anoche
Last week-la semana pasada
Last month-el mes pasado
Last year-el año pasado
This morning-esta mañana
Last weekend-El fin de semana pasado
¡Practicamos!
EX: What movie did you watch last month?
(answer each one in english and spanish)
Last month I watched Tangled.
1.) What did you eat last night?
2.) Who did you spend time with last
weekend?
3.) What song did you listen to this morning?
4.) What class did you write a lot of notes in
yesterday?
–car, -gar, -zar verbs in the preterite
pagina treinta y tres
-car
• Buscar-to look for
• practicar-to practice
• sacar-to take out
• tocar-to play an instrument
Yo tocé
Yo toqué
car verbs
change to
qué in the
“yo” form
-
-gar
jugar-to play (sports
llegar-to arrive
navegar-to surf (web)
Pagar-to pay for
Yo pagé
Yo pagué
gar verbs change
to gué in the “yo”
form
-
-zar
Almorzar-to eat lunch
Comenzar-to start
Empezar-to start
Yo almorzé
Yo almorcé
-
zar verbs change
to cé in the “yo”
form
Practicamos
1.)Draw a car. Write the word yo in front of the car, in
back of the car and on top of the car.
2.) Draw a garbage can. Write the word yo on top of the
garbage can and on each side.
3.) Draw a king’s crown. Write the word yo at each tip
and below the crown.
4.) In the car that you drew write -qué, in the garbage
can write -gué, in the crown write –cé.
5.) Complete the worksheet and paste it into your viva.
Demonstrative Adjectives..página treinta y cuatro
*Demonstrative adjectives identify which noun
you are talking about.*
(1) This/These (close to speaker)
Singular
Plural
This and these have T’s
este-this
estos-these
esta-this
estas-these
Este vestido-this dress estos vestidos-these dresses
Esta camisa-this shirt estas camisas-these shirts
(2)That/Those (farther away from speaker)
Singular
Plural
ese-that
esos-those
esa-that
esas-those
Ese bolso-that purse
esos bolsos-those purses
Esa bufanda-that scarf esas bufandas-those scarves
Don’t use articles with
demonstrative adjectives!
Ex.= Esa la chaqueta.
(3) That/Those (farthest way from speaker)
(way over there)
Singular
Plural
aquel-that (over there) aquellos-those (over there)
aquella-that (over there) aquellas-those (over there)
aquel bolso-that purse
aquellos bolsos-those purses
aquella cartera-that wallet aquellas carteras-those wallets
Put an accent on the 1st “e” if you don’t say the noun.
Ex. That one over there= aquél
Draw any article of clothing big, then a little smaller,
and finally very small. Color each one a different
color.
Write a sentence describing the clothing item in
Spanish using demonstrative adjectives.
Esta falda es morada.
This skirt is purple.
Esa falda es rosada.
That skirt is pink.
Aquella falda es azul.
That skirt over there is blue.
Post activity: below the line
Using the three different demonstrative
adjectives. Write 3 short phrases about your
item in Spanish.
1.) This skirt is long.
2.) That skirt is long.
3.) That skirt over there is long.
Los quehaceres y la comunidad…pagina treinta y cinco
Copia el vocabulario de la página 126.
Telling Time………página treinta y seis
Between :01 and :30 use the word y to tell the time.
Por ejemplo: It’s 2:20- Son las dos y veinte.
It’s 11:30-Son las once y media. (media-half)
It’s 5:15-Son las cinco y cuarto . (cuarto-quarter)
La medianoche-midnight
Es la medianoche. It’s midnight.
El Mediodía -noon
Es el mediodía.- It’s noon.
Between :31 and :59 use the word menos to tell
time.
Por ejemplo: It’s 4:45. Son las cinco menos cuarto.
It’s 12:35. Es la una menos veinticinco.
It’s 2:50. Son las tres menos diez.
*Notice that when you say it’s one o’clock, you use
es la instead of son las.*
¿Qué hora es?- What time is it? (currently)
(Answer like the previous slides, using es la or
son las.)
¿A qué hora?- At what time?
A la una y media. At 1:30.
A las cuatro menos cinco. At 3:55.
A las doce menos trece. At 11:47.
En punto- o’clock.
Es la una en punto. It’s 1:00.
A la una en punto. At 1:00.
am/pm
de la mañana- am (12:00am-11:59am)
Son las seis de la mañana. It’s 6:00am.
de la tarde – pm (12:00pm-5:59 pm)
de la noche – pm (6:00pm-11:59pm)
Practicamos
Answer the following questions in English, then translate.
1.) What time did you go to bed last night?
Ex. I went to bed at 9:45pm.
Me acosté a las diez menos cuarto.
2.) What time did you wake up this morning?
3.) What time do you eat lunch at school?
4.) What time do you arrive at school?
5.) What time is it now?
Post Lesson Activity
Translate the sentences from the pre-lesson
activity.
¿Qué hiciste ayer?......pagina treinta y siete
Copia el vocabulario de la pagina ciento
cincuenta y dos en el libro.
*No copian las cajas.
Irregular Preterite: Ir and Ser….pagina treinta y ocho
The verbs ir and ser are conjugated the same in
the preterite.
Ir-to go Ser-to be
Fui
I went/was
Fuimos
we went/were
fuiste
You went/were
Fuisteis
(inf) you all went/were
Fue
He/she went/was
you (fm) went/were
Fueron they went/were
you all went were
*Notice that there are no accent
marks!*
Por ejemplo:
I went to Florida during the summer.
Yo fui a Florida durante el verano.
Yesterday was Sunday.
Ayer fue el domingo.
¡Practicamos!
Answer the questions in English and Spanish:
1.) What elementary school did you go to?
I went to….
2.) What restaurant did you go to last with your
friends or family?
We went to….
3.) How was the food at that restaurant?
It was….
Other irregular preterite…….página treinta y nueve
Estar
Estuve
To be
(was/were)
Estuvimos
Estuviste
Estuvisteis
Estuvo
Estuvieron
Tener
Tuve
Tuviste
Tuvo
Poder
Pude
Pudiste
Pudo
To have(had)
Tuvimos
Tuvisteis
tuvieron
To be able to
(was/were able
to)
Pudimos
Pudisteis
pudieron
Poner
Puse
Pusiste
Puso
Hacer
Hice
Hiciste
Hizo
To do/make
(did/made)
Hicimos
Hicisteis
hicieron
To put, place, or set
(put, placed, set)
Pusimos
Pusisteis
pusieron
¡Practicamos!
Copy the list, then translate to Spanish.
1) I had to go to the bank before school.
2) The girls made cookies yesterday.
3) You put the books in your locker this morning.
4) He did his homework last night.
5) The boys were not able to go.
6) They were able to finish the project.
7) You all had to go home.
Direct Object Pronouns….pagina cuarenta
A direct object pronoun tells who or what
receives the action of the verb.
A direct object answers the question what or
who.
SINGULAR
Me
me
Te
you
Lo,la him, her, it
PLURAL
Nos us
Os you all
Los, las them
DOP’s take the place of the direct object.
DOP’s come before the conjugated verb.
Ex. Yo hice el café anoche. I made coffee last night.
Yo lo hice anoche. I made it last night.
I love you. Yo amo a ti. Te amo.
Yo comí tacos anoche. I ate tacos last night
Yo los comí anoche. I ate them last night.
You can add the direct object pronoun to the
end of an infinitive.
I have to study the notes.
Tengo que estudiar las notas.
I have to study them.
Las tengo que estudiar.
Tengo que estudiarlas.
¡Practicamos!
Ex. El pelo
a. el regalo
b. el libro
c. la camisa
d. el carro/coche
e. el desodorante
2.) Write a sentence replacing that item with a
direct object pronoun that tells what you do with
it in English and Spanish.
Ex. El pelo Lo seco. I dry it.
Post Lesson
• Below the line:
Write the name of the object in English and
Spanish.
Translate your three sentences using direct
object pronouns.
¿Cómo se va?...página cuarenta y uno
• Copia el vocabulario de la página 154 y 180.
delante de/Enfrente de
El coche/el carro
Present Progressive….cuarenta y dos
• The present progressive tells what someone is
doing now.
Form of estar + stem of the verb+ ando/iendo
1.) Form of estar
Estar
To be
Estoy
Estamos
Estás
estáis
Está
están
2.) stem of the verb that is happening right now:
Comer=com
Estudiar-estudi
Doblar-dobl
3.) Gerund (-ing)
Verbs that end in –ar=ando
Verbs that end in –er/ir=iendo
Ex. Estoy comiendo.
I am eating
Estás estudiando. You are studying.
Está doblando.
He is turning.
Some irregular gerunds
*Any time you have a double vowel at the end of the verb
(leer, traer, creer) the gerund (ing) is –yendo.
Ex. I am reading. Estoy leyendo.
Irregular gerunds:
Pedir-pidiendo
Decir-diciendo
Servir-sirviendo
Dormir-durmiendo
Vestir-vistiendo
Seguir-siguiendo
¡Practicamos!
Answer the questions in English and Spanish in
a complete sentence using the present
progressive.
1.) What color shirt/sweater/t-shirt are you
wearing? Ex. I am wearing a blue shirt.
2.) What is the person next to you doing right
now?
3.) What are you doing right now?
Informal tú commands…pagina cuarenta y tres
A command is used to tell someone to do
something.
To form a command for most verbs…
1.)Put the verb in the él, ella form.
Por ejemplo: Turn right. Dobla a la derecha.
Open the door. Abre la puerta.
Irregular commands
There are 8 irregular tú commands:
Venir-to come=Ven
Decir-to tell=Di
Salir-to leave=Sal
Hacer-to do/make=Haz
Tener-to have/to be=Ten
Ir-to go=ve
Poner-to put/set=Pon
Ser-to be=Sé
To help you remember:
Ven Diesel has ten weapons eh?
Ven di sal haz ten ve pon sé.
Ven aqui.
Di la verdad
Sal de mi casa.
Haz la tarea.
Ten cuidado.
Ve a la tienda.
Pon la mesa.
Sé bueno.
Commands with pronouns
• Attach direct object pronouns to the end of the
command.
• If the pronoun is added to a command with two
or more syllables, an accent mark is needed on
the third vowel back.
**It’s 1, 2, 3 add accent!
Por ejemplo:
¡Hazlo ahora!
Do it now!
Ayúdame, por favor.
Help me, please.
Déjame en paz.
Leave me alone.
¡Practicamos!
Write these common commands in Spanish
using your notes as a model.
1.) Listen.
2.) Speak.
3.) Stop.
4.) Wait.
5.) Repeat the vocabulary.
6.) Pass the papers to the front.
7.) Turn left.
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