Juan la tiene.
Los pronombres - pronouns What is a pronoun? A pronoun replaces a noun. You can have subject pronouns: eg I, you, he, she, we, they Direct object pronouns: eg me, you, him, her, us, them Indirect object pronouns: eg to me, to you, to him, to her, to us, to them Direct object pronouns in Spanish Me me nos us Te you os you Lo him, it los them (m) La her, it las them (f) Question: What is a direct object? Direct object pronouns in Spanish The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object. Bill hit the ball. "Ball" receives the action of the verb "hit." Sherry reads the book. "Book" receives the action of the verb "reads.“ The direct object can also be a person. Sherry hit Bill. (DO=Bill) Direct object pronouns in Spanish The direct object answers the question "what?" or "whom?" with regard to what the subject of the sentence is doing. Bill hit the ball. Bill hit what? Bill hit the ball. Sherry hit Bill. Sherry hit whom? Sherry hit Bill. Direct object pronouns in Spanish Often, it is desirable to replace the name of the direct object with a pronoun. Example 1 Paul bought the flowers. He took the flowers home and gave the flowers to his wife. Example 2 Paul bought the flowers. He took them home and gave them to his wife. Direct object pronouns in Spanish In an affirmative statement with one verb, the direct object pronoun comes immediately before the conjugated verb. Tengo = I have Tengo la pluma. = I have the pen. La tengo. = I have it. Notice that if the subject of the sentence changes, this does not affect the direct object pronoun. Juan la tiene. Juan tiene = John has Juan tiene la pluma. = John has the pen. Juan la tiene. = John has it. Direct object pronouns in Spanish You usually put the object pronoun before the verb. In English we put it after the verb. Ejemplos: Me gusta esa falda. La llevo. I like that skirt. I’ll take it. Mi amigo está allí. ¿Lo ves? Mi friend is there. Can you see him? Indicate the direct object in each sentence. 1. Yo tengo el lápiz. el lápiz 2. Ana quiere la camisa rosada. la camisa rosada 3. Nosotros tomamos la prueba. la prueba 4. Ignacio y Pablo ven a la chica. la chica Now, make new sentences with the DO pronoun. 1. Yo tengo el lápiz. el lápiz Yo lo tengo. 2. Ana quiere la camisa rosada. la camisa rosada Ana la quiere. 3. Nosotros tomamos la prueba. la prueba Nosotros la tomamos. 4. Ignacio y Pablo ven a la chica. la chica Ignacio y Pablo la ven. los compras. Tú compras los refrescos. Tú _____ las Tú y yo comemos las papas fritas. Tú y yo _____ comemos. lo miran. Ellos miran el gato. Ellos _____ los invito. Yo invito a mis amigos. Yo _____ la ve. Roberto ve a Berta. Roberto _____ lo quieren. Esos señores quieren el libro. Ellos _____ la anda. José anda la patineta. Él _____ But watch out! You put the object pronoun after the verb in the following cases: •After an infinitive – eg Voy a darlo a John – I’m going to give it to John •After a gerund (-ing) – eg Estoy poniéndolos en las mesa – I’m putting them on the table