Public Policy Career Options

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Public Policy Career Options
Public Policy Career Options
Specialist 
Major 
Minor 
Co-op 
Joint 
Exploring career options involves researching occupations and industry sectors that fit your skills, interests,
personality preferences and values. An occupation relates to the activities of the work you perform, whereas industry
sector classifies the organizations that employ people in such occupations.
Example: “Policy Analyst” is an occupation that involves using active learning, critical thinking and active listening
skills to interpret and analyze policies, public issues, legislation, and the operations of governments, businesses and
organizations. Policy Analysts work in many industry sectors — particularly but not exclusively in the government
sector. They might also work in the retail, real estate and professional services sectors.
Public Policy graduates have many skills. In particular, they can:
Gather and interpret results of statistical data
Identify value systems
Influence and persuade different groups
Listen critically
Present and defend a position
Recognize cultural differences
Understand components of complex problems
Understand group dynamics
Utilize survey research methods
Write and present information clearly
With these skills in mind, how can I research my career options?
Occupational Research
Canada’s National Occupational Classification (NOC) system categorizes over 30,000 occupational titles into 10
broad classes listed in Table 1. The 4-digit titles in Table 2 are examples of occupations related to Public Policy within
these classes (NB: Some require further education).
Table 1: NOC Occupational Titles (www5.hrsdc.gc.ca)
0 Management Occupations
1 Business Finance and Administration Occupations
2 Natural and Applied Sciences and Related Occupations
3 Health Occupations
4 Occupations in Social Science, Education, Government
Services and Religion
Occupations in Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport
Sales and Service Occupations
Trades, Transport and Equipment Operators and Related Occupations
Occupations Unique to Primary Industry
Occupations Unique to Processing, Manufacturing and Utilities
Table 2: Sample Occupational Titles Related to Public Policy
0012 Senior Government Managers and Officials
4112 Lawyer
0112 Industrial Relations Manager
4161 Policy/Program Analyst
0411 Labour Regional Director
4162 Economic Advisor
0413 Government Administrator
4163 Economic Development Officer, Market Researcher
0611 Public Relations Director
4164 Public Policy Analyst, Social Policy Researchers
1121 Labour Relations Consultant
4168 Intergovernmental Affairs Officer
1122 Management Consultant
4169 Political Scientist
1223 Labour Force Consultant
5121 Technical Writer
2153 Urban Planner, Regional Planner
5123 Journalist/Editor
2161 Demographer
5124 Fundraiser, Public Relations Specialist
Occupational Research Links
The two excellent occupational databases below provide you with details about job prospects, nature of work,
educational requirements, working conditions, pay and related occupations:
Career Cruising: www.careercruising.com (Access our subscription through your Career Centre Online account)
ONet: http://online.onetcenter.org (U.S. site)
Academic Advising & Career Centre: A team of professionals who advise, counsel and coach individuals with their learning and career development.
© September 2010, source; rl. Academic Advising & Career Centre. All Rights Reserved.
Career Options: Public Policy
Industry Research
The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is a hierarchical industry structure that divides the
economy into 20 broad sectors of activity listed in Table 3. Table 4 provides examples of specific industry groups
relevant to Public Policy graduates.
Table 3: NAICS Industry Sectors (www.statcan.gc.ca/subjects-sujets/standard-norme/naics-scian/2007/list-liste-eng.htm)
11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting
21 Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction
22 Utilities
23 Construction
31-33 Manufacturing
41 Wholesale Trade
44-45 Retail Trade
48-49 Transportation and Warehousing
51 Information and Cultural Industries
52 Finance and Insurance
53 Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
54 Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
55 Management of Companies and Enterprises
56 Administrative, Support, Waste Management, Remediation
61 Educational Services
62 Health Care and Social Assistance
71 Arts, Entertainment and Recreation
72 Accommodation and Food Services
81 Other Services (except Public Administration)
91 Public Administration (= Government)
Table 4: Sample Industry Groups Relevant to Public Policy Graduates
5151 Radio & Television Broadcasting Networks
6111 Boards of Education
5211 Monetary Authority—Central Bank
6113 Universities
5411 Law Firms
8133 Social Advocacy Groups
5416 Consulting Firms
9119 Federal — Public Service Commission
5417 Public Opinion Research Services
9129 Provincial — Human Rights Commission
5419 Market Analysis or Research Services
Industry Research Links
To learn more about job prospects in your sectors of interest, visit:
Industry Canada: www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/company-entreprises.nsf/eng/home
Career Links Related to Public Policy
Professional Associations
Public Affairs Association of Canada
Institute of Public Administration of Canada
Canadian Political Science Association
The Canadian Association of Municipal Administrators
The Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies
Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management
Other Resources
Government of Canada
Parliament of Canada
Government of Ontario
All About Public Relations
Public Service Commission of Canada
Public Relations Student Society of America
E-Journals Available through the University of Toronto Library (www.library.utoronto.ca/utsc)
Canadian Parliamentary Review International Journal of Public Administration
Policy and Politics
Corporate Governance
International Journal of Public Sector Management Public Administration
Journal of Public Policy and Marketing
Public Policy and Admin
Resources Available at the Academic Advising & Career Centre
Not sure how your skills, values, personality and interests fit your career options? Book an appointment with a Career
Counsellor or sign-up for the Discover Your Skills and Career Options workshop via the Intranet. The Academic
Advising & Career Centre has a very good collection of books related to career planning and job search.
For more information, please visit the Academic Advising & Career Centre
AC213 • [email protected] • 416-287-7561 • www.utsc.utoronto.ca/aacc
Waiver: While every attempt was made to provide accurate
information on this tipsheet, information may change at any time.
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