...

Promoting Health and Wellness of Children 1

by user

on
Category: Documents
1

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

Promoting Health and Wellness of Children 1
1
Presentation Notes- Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Slide 1
Promoting Health and Wellness of
Children
Child Guidance
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
2
Slide 2
Copyright
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. These Materials are copyrighted ©
and trademarked ™ as the property of the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and
may not be reproduced without the express written permission of TEA, except
under the following conditions:
1) Texas public school districts, charter schools, and Education Service Centers
may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for the
districts’ and schools’ educational use without obtaining permission from TEA.
2) Residents of the state of Texas may reproduce and use copies of the
Materials and Related Materials for individual personal use only, without
obtaining written permission of TEA.
3) Any portion reproduced must be reproduced in its entirety and remain
unedited, unaltered and unchanged in any way.
4) No monetary charge can be made for the reproduced materials or any
document containing them; however, a reasonable charge to cover only the
cost of reproduction and distribution may be charged.
Private entities or persons located in Texas that are not Texas public school
districts, Texas Education Service Centers, or Texas charter schools or any entity,
whether public or private, educational or non-educational, located outside the
state of Texas MUST obtain written approval from TEA and will be required to
enter into a license agreement that may involve the payment of a licensing fee or a
royalty.
For information contact: Office of Copyrights, Trademarks, License Agreements,
and Royalties, Texas Education Agency, 1701 N. Congress Ave., Austin, TX
78701-1494; phone 512-463-7004; email: [email protected]
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
2
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
3
Slide 3
Signs of Health in Children
Health awareness
involves recognizing
wellness and the
symptoms of illness
and disability.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
3
The early years of a child's life are very important for his or her health and development.
Parents, health professionals, educators, and others can work together as partners to help
children grow up to reach their full potential.
Health awareness involves recognizing wellness and the symptoms of illness and disability. It
involves knowledge of illnesses that are common in group child care settings. In addition to the
health of the children, a caregiver's health is also part of a health awareness program.
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
4
Slide 4
Characteristics of a Healthy Child
• Active, alert, curious,
and often noisy
• Have clear skin,
bright eyes
• Their bowel
movements are
regular and normal
• They sleep soundly
• Good eaters
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
4
Before caregivers can fully understand and recognize the symptoms of children's health
problems, they need to know how children look and behave when they are in good health.
Healthy children are:
•active, alert, curious, and often noisy
•have clear skin, bright eyes, shiny hair, straight posture, and strong white teeth that are in good
condition
•their bowel movements are regular and normal
•they sleep soundly and eat a variety of nutritious foods, without overeating
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
5
Slide 5
Characteristics of a Healthy Child
• Steadily gain weight
and grow taller
• Healthy children
enjoy both individual
and group activities
• Familiar
surroundings and
activities make them
feel secure
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
5
Before caregivers can fully understand and recognize the symptoms of children's health
problems, they need to know how children look and behave when they are in good health.
Healthy children:
• steadily gain weight and grow taller
• healthy children enjoy both individual and group activities
• feel happy, content, and secure in familiar surroundings
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
6
Slide 6
Characteristics of a Healthy Child
• They are curious and
excited about new
experiences
• Healthy children trust
others
• Generally feel good
about themselves
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
6
Before caregivers can fully understand and recognize the symptoms of children's health
problems, they need to know how children look and behave when they are in good health.
Healthy children are:
•they are curious and excited about new experiences
•healthy children trust others, are basically free from worry, and generally feel good about
themselves
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
7
Slide 7
Signs and Symptoms of Illness
Sick children usually
have shorter attention
spans than healthy
children, and they have
little energy
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
7
Sick children usually have shorter attention spans than healthy children, and they have little
energy. They are often cranky and irritable and may cry easily. They may get into fights or
minor conflicts more often than they do when they are healthy. Many childhood illnesses occur
suddenly. Usually the signs and symptoms of those illnesses are easy to recognize.
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
8
Slide 8
Signs and Symptoms of Illness
• Convulsions,
seizures
• Flushed face and
hot, dry skin
• Hoarse or husky
voice
• Large amounts of
sweating
• Nausea, vomiting,
diarrhea
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
8
Some of the easily identified symptoms of illness include the following:
•Convulsions, seizures, or attacks during which a child stiffens and twitches
•Flushed face and hot, dry skin
•Hoarse or husky voice
•Large amounts of sweating unexpectedly
•Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
9
Slide 9
Signs and Symptoms of Illness
• Pain in ear, head,
chest, stomach,
abdomen, or joints
• Raised temperature
• Rash, bumps, or
breaking out of skin
• Runny nose,
sneezes, coughs
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
9
Some of the easily identified symptoms of illness include the following:
•Pain in ear, head, chest, stomach, abdomen, or joints
•Raised temperature
•Rash, bumps, or breaking out of skin
•Runny nose, sneezes, coughs
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
10
Slide 10
Signs and Symptoms of Illness
•
•
•
•
Sore throat
Stiff back or neck
Swollen glands
Unusual paleness or
coldness
• Watery or glassy
appearance of the
eyes
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
10
Some of the easily identified symptoms of illness include the following:
•Sore throat
•Stiff back or neck
•Swollen glands
•Unusual paleness or coldness
•Watery or glassy appearance of the eyes
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
11
Slide 11
Health Assessment Methods
Screening and other health assessment
methods are used to help detect serious
illnesses and disabilities in the early stages
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
11
Some illnesses and disabilities develop gradually and their symptoms are difficult to recognize,
especially in the early stages. Screening and other health assessment methods are used to help
detect serious illnesses and disabilities in the early stages. When an illness can be easily passed
from one person to another, the illness is communicable.
Health standards and guidelines vary considerably among programs, with few specifications for
health screening. The American Academy of Pediatrics emphasizes routine appraisal of child
health, including growth, developmental progress, and screening for immunizations, vision,
hearing, and dental health.
Head Start Program Performance Standards mandate timely screening (within 45 days of entry)
for developmental, sensory, and behavioral concerns, and on-going evaluation of health status.
Vision and hearing screening are considered essential in most programs for young children.
Screening for immunization status is a requirement in many programs and must be
accompanied by written documentation of each child's vaccinations.
Other types of screening such as TB, hepatitis A, and sickle cell anemia may be mandated by
state licensing requirements or identified health risks in a particular community. Many of the
required screenings and health services are provided through the state Medicaid Early and
Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program.
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
12
Slide 12
Health Screening in Childcare
Providing routine health screening in
childcare is essential for preventative
health and the early detection and prompt
treatment of illness or disability
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
12
Providing routine health screening in childcare is essential for preventative health and the early
detection and prompt treatment of illness or disability. Screening services should be
individualized to the needs of children by age group and their known or suspected health risks.
Collaboration with parents and health care providers in the community is helpful in identifying
priorities and ensuring necessary on-site services. The health advocate or health consultant can
be a valuable resource in accessing needed services for the childcare program. It may be
possible to have screening procedures performed at the childcare facility through partnership
with local health departments, physicians, dentists, and pediatric or public health nurses. Other
health professionals also may be willing to contribute time and skills to the child care programs.
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
13
Slide 13
Categories of Diseases
Contagious Disease
Infectious Diseases
Contagious diseases
are communicable by
contact with a diseased
person or with an object
that a diseased person
has used
Infectious diseases can
move from one person to
another or from one part of
the body to another.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
13
Contagious diseases are communicable by contact with a diseased person or with an object that
a diseased person has used. Infectious diseases can move from one person to another or from
one part of the body to another. Even when every precaution is taken in the home and child
care center to protect children's health, illness can occur.
What are some contagious diseases? What are some infectious diseases?
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
14
Slide 14
Policies and Procedures
Each child care program should have
written policies and procedures for
handling situations when children become
ill.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
14
Each child care program should have written policies and procedures for handling situations
when children become ill. In addition, the policies and procedures should be clear as to the
circumstances under which a child will not be admitted because of symptoms of illness. These
policies and procedures should be clearly communicated by the center director to parents and
caregivers and administered fairly.
Why are these policies and procedures important?
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
15
Slide 15
Promoting Health and Wellness in
Children
Promoting health and
wellness in children is
important in helping
children protect and
improve their health.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
15
Promoting health and wellness in children is important in helping children protect and improve
their health. A child care health education program should begin with training for child care
practitioners and should involve the parents as well as the children. Teachers and parents must
work together to teach children the basics of good health.
At what age should parents start promoting health and wellness in children? Why is this
important?
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
16
Slide 16
Health Habits and Attitudes
• Body awareness
• Dental hygiene
• Dressing for the
weather
• Feelings and
emotions
• Good posture
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
16
Health habits and attitudes learned early in life are usually long-lasting. The following topics
should be addressed when teaching children about good health and wellness:
• Body awareness-understanding the differences between males and females
• Dental hygiene-proper care of teeth, free of cavities or malformations of teeth, redness, or
sores. Visits to the dentists twice a year and daily brushing of teeth are necessary.
• Dressing for the weather-Dress appropriately for the weather. Clothes are clean, comfortable,
durable and washable. Each child’s clothing should be chosen for the child’s level of
development.
• Feelings and emotions-A child’s feelings and emotions are influenced if a child has consistent
care, encouragement, security, love, acceptance, and guidance.
• Good posture-Encouraging your child to maintain good posture can be a challenge, but it pays
big dividends. Good posture can not only help your child appear more confident, comfortable
and alert, but can help prevent fatigue, carpal tunnel syndrome and abnormal bone growth.
According to Families Online, 56 percent of American teenagers have spines that have been
deformed from poor posture and extended sitting during growth spurts
Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/333181-how-to-make-your-kids-keep-goodposture/#ixzz2FhJ3YAo9
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
17
Slide 17
Health Habits and Attitudes
• Interactions with
others
• Nutrition
• Personal cleanliness
• Play and exercise
• Self-image
• Sleep and rest
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
17
Health habits and attitudes learned early in life are usually long-lasting. The following topics
should be addressed when teaching children about good health and wellness:
•Interactions with others- Children develop socially as they learn to adapt to the world around
them. Social development involves getting along with others, functioning in society, and seeing
themselves as individuals within a group.
• Nutrition- One important responsibility of a child care director is seeing that nutritious meals
and snacks are served. Local rules and state licensing standards guide the director in this
important task. If a center receives funds from an outside source, the guidelines of the funding
agency must also be followed.
• Personal cleanliness- Cleanliness is essential for the prevention of disease. Personal hygiene,
like hand-washing, helps prevent communicable diseases like colds and the flu. Environmental
cleanliness combats illnesses caused by bacteria or viruses found in unclean environments.
Helping children develop these habits helps them create a healthier life for themselves and
those around them.
• Play and exercise- Exercise is an activity for the primary purpose of training or developing the
body. Why is this essential for children?
• Self-image- A child’s self-concept (self-image) plays an important role in social development.
Children who develop healthy self-concepts are able to relate to other children and adults
positively.
• Sleep and rest- Rest is especially important to children because their bodies are rapidly
growing and changing.
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
18
Slide 18
Health Habits and Attitudes
(click on link)
Cover That Cough or
Sneeze
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
18
Planned activities can help children learn the basics rules of good health. For example,
references to brushing teeth, eating good food, and washing hands.
To help stop the spread of germs, knowing the proper way to cough/sneeze is important:
•Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
•If you don't have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve, not your hands.
•Put your used tissue in the waste basket.
•Clean your hands after coughing or sneezing.
•What are germs? How can they be harmful to the body? How are they sometimes beneficial?
•Once germs enter the body, what happens? Make a list of symptoms that indicate your body is
fighting germs.
Cover That Cough or Sneeze
Cover that cough - cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. No
tissue? Use your upper sleeve - not your hands.
http://youtu.be/hhlYCHjkRg8
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
19
Slide 19
Health Habits and Attitudes
(click on link)
Clean Hands Prevent
the Flu
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
19
Wash with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand cleaner. Refer to
http://www.wakemed.org/body.cfm?id=1116 for additional information and the proper way to
wash your hands. A poster with instructions on how to wash your hands can be found at:
http://teamnutrition.usda.gov/Resources/remember_wash_hands.pdf
•What’s all the fuss about washing hands? Explain why this task is essential for preventing the
spread of germs. When is it important to wash your hands?
•Washing hands is just one way to prevent germs from spreading. Brainstorm a list of other
ways you can help fight the battle against germs!
Clean Hands Prevent the Flu
Clean hands can help prevent the spread of infectious diseases, such as flu. This podcast
explains the proper way to wash your hands.
http://youtu.be/XHISh559oho
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
20
Slide 20
Nutritious Snacks and Meals
One important responsibility of a child care
director is seeing that nutritious meals and
snacks are served.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
20
Food service rules and guidelines are used to protect children and should be strictly followed.
Rules and regulations can be viewed at
http://www.squaremeals.org/Programs/ChildandAdultCareFoodProgram.aspx
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
21
Slide 21
Nutritious Snacks and Meals
Put a plan into action by:
• Providing healthy eating
habits
• Serve small portions
• Choose healthy snacks
• Beverages count too!
• Limit the amount of
empty calories
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
21
MyPlate, the government’s newest symbol for healthy eating, uses a dinner plate icon as a
simple visual reminder of what to serve yourself, and your family for meals and at snack time.
MyPlate is useful for promoting healthy eating habits in more ways than one. It’s colorful, so
kids and adults are attracted to it, and a plate is an icon that everyone understands. In addition
to the plate, a circle at the side of the plate, labeled “dairy,” alerts you to include eight ounces of
fat-free or low-fat (1%) milk or yogurt with meals and snacks. The MyPlate program reflects the
suggestions for healthy foods included in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
The Plan will show what and how much a child should eat to meet his or her needs. Use the
Plan as a general guide to help a feed toddler.
A daily food plan shows what and how much your child should eat to meet his or her needs. You
can create an eating plan for a toddler using the SuperTracker's MyPlan. You will be asked to
create a profile using your child’s information. You may register to save the profile.
Do not be concerned if the toddler does not eat the exact amounts suggested. Each child's
needs may differ from the average, and appetites can vary from day to day. Try to balance the
amounts over a few days or a week. A child’s doctor can track his or her height and weight over
time to identify specific needs.
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
22
While the amount eaten daily may vary, the average amounts over time should be similar to this
plan. Food plans are based on average needs by age and activity level. The toddler’s food needs
also depend on how fast he or she is growing and other factors.
Put the Plan into action with meal and snack ideas.
Offer different foods from day to day. Encourage your child to choose from a variety of foods.
Serve foods in small portions at scheduled meals and snacks.
Choose healthy snacks for your preschooler.
Beverages count, too. Make smart beverage choices.
Limit the amount of empty calories (solid fats & added sugars) you feed the toddler.
To keep sodium low, choose and prepare foods with little or no salt. Use the SuperTracker to
find the amount of sodium and empty calories in your meals.
Below are a variety of resources to assist child care centers and sites with planning healthy
snacks and incorporating fruits and vegetables into their menus:
* Healthy Snacks for Young Children from Team Nutrition Iowa, Iowa Public Television at
http://www.iptv.org/rtl/downloads/SlidesFood1.pdf A collection of recipes for healthy snacks
for young children. Each card provides a book title appropriate for young children relevant to
the specific foods in the recipe. The recipes provide a fruit, vegetable, or bread/grain serving for
snacks for 1 to 5 year-olds according to the Child and Adult Care Food Program guidelines.
* Illinois Learning Project Tip Sheet – “Say Yes to Healthy Snacks” at
http://www.illinoisearlylearning.org/tipsheets/healthysnacks.htm
* MyPlate for Kids at http://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/
* Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 at http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2010.asp
* USDA Recipes for Child Care at
http://teamnutrition.usda.gov/Resources/childcare_recipes.html
* Tips for a Safe and Healthy Life. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/family/tips
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
23
Slide 22
Obesity in Children
Nearly one out of three children is
overweight or obese in the United States
Consequences from obesity include:
•Hypertension
•High cholesterol
•Type 2 diabetes
•Sleep apnea
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All
rights reserved.
22
Since the 1970s, the number of overweight and obese children of all ages has sharply increased.
For children ages 2–5, the increase in both has more than doubled in the past 20 years. It is
important to note that nearly one out of three children is overweight or obese in the United
States. Serious short-term and long-term consequences result from obesity, including the
increased risk for disorders such as hypertension, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, and sleep
apnea.
What is hypertension? What is sleep apnea?
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
24
Slide 23
Why Are Our Children Obese?
Children’s physical activity has markedly
decreased, and their more sedentary
activities have increased
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
23
Several changes in the way we live contribute to childhood obesity. Children’s physical activity
has markedly decreased, and their more sedentary activities, such as watching TV and playing
video and computer games, have increased. We also eat food prepared away from home much
more often, and many restaurants serve increasingly larger portions of food.
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
25
Slide 24
Making Healthy Choices
Portion Control Quiz
(click on link)
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
24
As caregivers and parents, you can help children and their families develop healthy eating habits
with portion control.
Teacher note: Refer to the displayed items in Anticipatory Set to review what an actual portion
is for children.
Many Americans suffer from "portion distortion." It’s not so much what we eat that’s
unhealthy; rather, it's that we eat too much of it. The "super-size" generation is growing up
obese. How can we plan for healthy eating? How can we steer our preschoolers away from the
idea that "bigger is always better"?
We develop food habits as young children—likes, dislikes, and portion sizes. Healthy eating calls
for portion control. Offer smaller portions to your 3- to 6-year-olds. They will ask for more, if
they’re still hungry. Dietary guidelines (PDF) from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
provide portion sizes for adults. Cut these by one-half to one-third when feeding young
children. If a slice of bread is an adult portion, offer a young child one-half, or a slightly older
child two-thirds, of a slice.
Here is a descriptive portion comparison guide for good nutrition from Kidnetic.com.
Think smaller for good child nutrition: One-half of a cup of fruit, vegetable, cooked cereal, pasta,
or rice = a small fist
Three ounces of cooked meat, poultry, or fish = a deck of cards
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
26
One tortilla = a small (7-inch) plate
One-half of a bagel = the width of a small soft drink lid
One teaspoon of margarine or butter = your thumb tip
Two tablespoons of peanut butter = a golf ball
One small baked potato = a computer mouse
One pancake or waffle = a music CD
One medium apple or orange = a baseball
Four small cookies (like vanilla wafers) = four checkers
One and one-half ounces of cheese = six dice
Portion Control Quiz
We have to eat, but do we have to eat so much? Healthy eating calls for portion control. How
much food is too much for a young child?
http://bblocks.samhsa.gov/family/activities/quizzes/portion_control.aspx
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
27
Slide 25
Tips for Parents – Ideas to Help
Children Maintain a Healthy Weight
To help your child maintain a healthy
weight, balance the calories your child
consumes from foods and beverages with
the calories your child uses through
physical activity and normal growth.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
25
To help your child maintain a healthy weight, balance the calories your child consumes from
foods and beverages with the calories your child uses through physical activity and normal
growth.
Remember that the goal for overweight and obese children and teens is to reduce the rate of
weight gain while allowing normal growth and development. Children and teens should NOT be
placed on a weight reduction diet without the consultation of a health care provider.
Balancing Calories: Help Kids Develop Healthy Eating Habits
One part of balancing calories is to eat foods that provide adequate nutrition and an
appropriate number of calories. You can help children learn to be aware of what they eat by
developing healthy eating habits, looking for ways to make favorite dishes healthier, and
reducing calorie-rich temptations.
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
28
Slide 26
Tips for Parents – Ideas to Help
Children Maintain a Healthy Weight
Encourage healthy eating habits
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
26
There's no great secret to healthy eating. To help your children and family develop healthy
eating habits:
•Provide plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain products.
•Include low-fat or non-fat milk or dairy products.
•Choose lean meats, poultry, fish, lentils, and beans for protein.
•Serve reasonably-sized portions.
•Encourage your family to drink lots of water.
•Limit sugar-sweetened beverages.
•Limit consumption of sugar and saturated fat.
•Remember that small changes every day can lead to a recipe for success!
For more information about nutrition, visit ChooseMyPlate.gov and the Dietary Guidelines for
Americans 2010 (PDF-2.9Mb).
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
29
Slide 27
How Do You Get Children to Try New
Foods?
Food Variety Quiz
(click on link)
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
27
Food Variety Quiz
The U.S. Government dietary guidelines recommend we get more fruits and vegetables in our
diet. In our fast food Nation, getting children to try new foods can be a challenge. How do you
get children to try new foods?
http://www.bblocks.samhsa.gov/family/activities/quizzes/food_variety.aspx
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
30
Slide 28
Tips for Parents – Ideas to Help
Children Maintain a Healthy Weight
Look for ways to make favorite dishes
healthier
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
28
Look for ways to make favorite dishes healthier:
The recipes that you may prepare regularly, and that your family enjoys, with just a few changes
can be healthier and just as satisfying. For new ideas about how to add more fruits and
vegetables to your daily diet check out the recipe database from
the FruitsandVeggiesMatter.gov. This database enables you to find tasty fruit and vegetable
recipes that fit your needs.
Remove calorie-rich temptations!
Although everything can be enjoyed in moderation, reducing the calorie-rich temptations of
high-fat and high-sugar, or salty snacks can also help children develop healthy eating habits.
Instead only allow children to eat them sometimes, so that they truly will be treats! Here are
examples of easy-to-prepare, low-fat and low-sugar treats that are 100 calories or less:
A medium-size apple
A medium-size banana
1 cup of blueberries
1 cup of grapes
1 cup of carrots, broccoli, or bell peppers with 2 tbsp. hummus
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
31
Slide 29
Tips for Parents – Ideas to Help
Children Maintain a Healthy Weight
Quiz: You Make the Call
(click on link)
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
29
Quiz: You Make the Call
Young children make food choices based on the food choices that the adults in their lives make:
what to eat and how much. So, it is up to adults to make good choices to ensure that children
are eating healthy.
http://www.bblocks.samhsa.gov/family/activities/quizzes/fastfood.aspx
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
32
Slide 30
Balancing Calories: Help Kids Stay
Active
•
•
•
•
•
Benefits include:
Strengthening bones
Decreasing blood pressure
Reducing stress and anxiety
Increasing self-esteem
Helping with weight management
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
30
Balancing Calories: Help Kids Stay Active
Another part of balancing calories is to engage in an appropriate amount of physical activity and
avoid too much sedentary time. In addition to being fun for children and teens, regular physical
activity has many health benefits, including:
•Strengthening bones
•Decreasing blood pressure
•Reducing stress and anxiety
•Increasing self-esteem
•Helping with weight management
Help kids stay active
Children and teens should participate in at least 60 minutes of moderate intensity physical
activity most days of the week, preferably daily. Remember that children imitate adults. Start
adding physical activity to your own daily routine and encourage children to join you.
Some examples of moderate intensity physical activity include:
•Brisk walking
•Playing tag
•Jumping rope
•Playing soccer
•Swimming
•Dancing
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
33
Slide 31
Balancing Calories: Help Kids Stay
Active
The Adventures of Zobey
(click on link)
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
31
The Adventures of Zobey
The Zobey programs are designed to encourage children to be physically active during the
program and choose healthy foods more often.
http://vimeo.com/20220933
What are some ways to encourage children to be more active?
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
34
Slide 32
Reduce Sedentary Time
Limit the time children watch television,
play video games, or surf the web to no
more than two hours per day.
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
32
In addition to encouraging physical activity, help children avoid too much sedentary time.
Although quiet time for reading and homework is fine, limit the time children watch television,
play video games, or surf the web to no more than two hours per day. Additionally, the
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) does not recommend television viewing for children age
2 or younger. Instead, encourage children to find fun activities to do with family members or on
their own that simply involve more activity.
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
35
Slide 33
Resources for Managing Health Care of
Children
Accurate and accessible child care health
records and resources are important for the
following reasons:
• To fulfill licensing requirements
• To protect child care programs and child
care employees from liability
• To provide the best possible health and
emergency care for children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
33
Accurate and accessible child care health records and resources are important for the following
reasons:
•To fulfill licensing requirements
•To protect child care programs and child care employees from liability
•To provide the best possible health and emergency care for children
The director of a child care program is responsible for developing and maintaining a health
record system. Employees should be informed about how and when to use the system.
Permanent health records should be kept on file at the child care center for every child enrolled.
For the protection of the center and as a source of information for parents, health records
should generally be kept on file for five years following the child’s last attendance at the center.
Parts of the active records must be made available for evaluation by licensing inspectors.
Child care records should contain the following information:
•Complete child and family health history
•Copy of a recent physical examination
•Dental records
•Detailed health records regarding children with special needs, children with chronic illness, and
children with progressive diseases.
•Directions for giving medication
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
36
•Emergency information
•Immunization records
•Parent’s signed permission form for screening tests given at the center
•Parent’s written request for giving medication to a child
•Records of all accidents and injuries, regardless of their seriousness
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
37
Slide 34
Resources for Managing Health Care
of Children
Children’s Health
Program
CHIP/ Children’s
Medicaid
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
34
Children in Texas without health insurance may be able to get low cost or free health coverage
from the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). This program covers office visits,
prescription drugs, dental care, eye exams, glasses, and much more. The network doctors and
providers will help you get the care you need.
CHIP and Children’s Medicaid both offer many benefits:
•Dentist visits, cleanings, and fillings
•Eye exams and glasses
•Choice of doctors, regular checkups, and office visits
•Prescription drugs and vaccines
•Access to medical specialists and mental health care
•Hospital care and services
•Medical supplies, X-rays, and lab tests
•Treatment of special health needs
•Treatment of pre-existing conditions
Families with children who get CHIP pay no more than $50 a year for health care coverage.
Some families with CHIP may also need to pay co-pays for some services. To find out more and
to apply, visit www.chipmedicaid.org. You can also call 1-877-543-7669.
CHIP/Children’s Medicaid
Children in Texas without health insurance may be able to get low cost or free health coverage
from the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) or Children’s Medicaid.
http://www.chipmedicaid.org/
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
38
Slide 35
Resources for Managing Health Care
of Children
County Health Clinics
Health Clinics in Texas
(click on link)
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
35
Parents are responsible for providing their children with professional medical care when
necessary. Children need to see a physician when they are ill and for regular checkups to ensure
they are growing and developing properly. They also must receive prompt medical attention for
emergencies and be protected from serious disease by immunization. County health clinics
provided medical care for children. Community health clinics offer free immunization to the
public.
Where is the nearest health clinic to you? What services are offered at the health clinic? Priority
is given to the following types of primary health care services:
Diagnosis and Treatment
Emergency Services
Family Planning
Preventive health services, including immunizations
Health education
Laboratory, x-ray, nuclear medicine or other appropriate diagnostic services
Texas Department of State Health Services
Primary Health Care services are available through health care providers across Texas. A list of
clinic locations organized alphabetically by city.
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/phc/locator/locator.shtm
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
39
Slide 36
Child Immunization Schedule
The current child
immunization schedule
can be found at this
location:
Vaccines schedules for
children 0-6 years-old
schedule
(click on link)
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
36
Every child needs protection against infectious disease. Immunizations were developed to
provide this protection. An infectious disease is one that can be transmitted from person to
person through an exchange of bodily fluids. An immunity is the body’s protection against
certain diseases. Immunities can be developed by vaccination. Vaccination, or immunization,
involves the injection or oral ingestion of a vaccine in order to create an immunity. A vaccine
contains a small amount of the disease germ. After vaccination, a person’s body produces
antibodies that fight off the disease germs. If children are exposed to a disease for which they
have been vaccinated, they will either not catch it or only develop a mild form since they have
the antibodies to fight it.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Recommended immunization schedule for persons aged 0 through 6 years—United States, 2012
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/child/0-6yrs-schedule-pr.pdf
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
40
Slide 37
Child Immunization Schedule
The current child
immunization schedule
can be found at this
location:
Children ages 7-18
years-old immunization
schedule
(click on link)
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
37
All children must receive immunizations at certain times during childhood and adolescent years.
Parents should keep careful records of their child’s immunizations. These records and a doctor’s
statement are required upon entering school or child care centers.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Recommended immunization schedule for persons aged 7 through 18 years—United States,
2012 (for those who fall behind or start late.
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/child/7-18yrs-schedule-pr.pdf
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
41
Slide 38
References and Resources
Microsoft Office Clip Art: Used with permission from Microsoft.
Websites:
American Academy of Pediatrics
An official site of the American Academy of Pediatrics—an organization of 60,000 pediatricians committed to the
optimal physical, mental, and social health and well-being for all infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.
http://www.aap.org
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The early years of a child's life are very important for his or her health and development.
http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/childdevelopment/index.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Recommended immunization schedule for persons aged 0 through 6 years—United States, 2012
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/child/0-6yrs-schedule-pr.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Recommended immunization schedule for persons aged 7 through 18 years—United States, 2012 (for those who
fall behind or start late).
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/child/7-18yrs-schedule-pr.pdf
CHIP/Children’s Medicaid
Children in Texas without health insurance may be able to get low cost or free health coverage from the Children’s
Health Insurance Program (CHIP) or Children’s Medicaid.
http://www.chipmedicaid.org/
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
38
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
42
Slide 39
References and Resources
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)
The goal of the CACFP is to improve and maintain the health and nutritional status of children and adults, promote
development of good eating habits, and integrate nutritious food service with organized child and adult day care
services.
http://www.squaremeals.org/Programs/ChildandAdultCareFoodProgram.aspx
Health Screening in Childcare Setting
Health screening is an important component of the health program in childcare, and the first step to improved health
outcomes for children and staff.
http://www.healthychild.net/InSicknessandHealth.php?article_id=26
I CAN DO IT? Raising Confident Children
When children strive to do more, they eventually become successful in performing certain tasks.
http://www.bblocks.samhsa.gov/family/time/raisingconfidentchildren.aspx
Is There an Obesity Tipping Point in Infancy?
According to the CDC's National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, rates of obesity in youngsters ages 2 to 5
have more than doubled since 1980, from 5.0% to 12.4%
http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1972947_1973062_1973065,00.html
Quiz: You Make the Call
Young children make food choices based on the food choices that the adults in their lives make: what to eat and
how much. So, it is up to adults to make good choices to ensure that children are eating healthy.
http://www.bblocks.samhsa.gov/family/activities/quizzes/fastfood.aspx
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
39
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
43
Slide 40
References and Resources
Texas Department of State Health Services
Primary Health Care services are available through health care providers across Texas. A list of clinic locations
organized alphabetically by city.
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/phc/locator/locator.shtm
We Can!
Families finding the balance-A Parent Handbook
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/wecan_mats/parent_hb_en.pdf
MyPlate.gov
MyPlate, the government’s newest symbol for healthy eating, uses a dinner plate icon as a simple visual reminder of
what to serve yourself, and your family for meals and at snack time.
http://www.myplate.gov
Obesity and Making Healthy Food Choices
Serious short-term and long-term consequences result from obesity, including the increased risk for disorders such
as hypertension, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, and sleep apnea.
http://www.bblocks.samhsa.gov/educators/lesson_plans/obesity_nutrition.aspx
Team Nutrition
A poster with instructions on how to wash your hands
http://teamnutrition.usda.gov/Resources/remember_wash_hands.pdf
Wak/Med Health and Hospitals
Stop the spread of germs that make you and others sick!
http://www.wakemed.org/body.cfm?id=1116
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
40
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
44
Slide 41
References and Resources
YouTube(tm):
Clean Hands Prevent the Flu
Clean hands can help prevent the spread of infectious diseases, such as flu. This podcast explains the proper way
to wash your hands.
http://youtu.be/XHISh559oho
Cover That Cough or Sneeze
Cover that cough - cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. No tissue? Use your upper
sleeve - not your hands.
http://youtu.be/hhlYCHjkRg8
3-D Organizer for Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
http://youtu.be/IyiWftroaQs
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
41
Promoting Health and Wellness of Children
Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved.
Fly UP