...

Research on Intergroup Violence

by user

on
Category: Documents
1

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

Research on Intergroup Violence
Research on Intergroup Violence
Intergroup conflict can be attributed to a variety of complex economic, societal,
governmental, cultural, and historical factors, and once engaged in a conflict situation it
becomes increasingly difficult for the involved parties to achieve durable peace. The
development of effective conflict management and negotiation approaches is impaired in
part by gaps in our understanding of the factors that lead to the initiation and persistence of
intergroup conflict. The program specifically examines the role of threat and trust in the
persistence of intergroup conflict, and the endogenous impact of conflict itself civic society
and the allocation of societal resources. Finally the program will attempt to identify possible
interventions that can mitigate the impact of threat to promote peace and resilience. This
research will contribute both normative theories of conflict and political decisions, as well as
empirical analyses of the dynamics of media threat propagation and security perception
across various stages of intergroup conflict.
Current work:
“Threats to Peace: Threat Perception and the Persistence or Desistence of Violent Conflict,”
Amy Sliva, Mikhail Malyutov, Glenn Pierce and Xin Li, Proceedings of the European
Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference (EISIC2013), August 2013.
“An Inter-group Conflict Model Integrating Perceptions of Threat and Vested Interest:
Extending Rational Choice to Incorporate Psychological Dynamics” Glenn Pierce,
Christopher Boulay, and Mikhail Malioutov. (2013), Game Theory and Applications,
Volume 16, NOVA Publishers.
“The Changing Nature of Contemporary Maritime Piracy: Results from the Contemporary
Maritime Piracy Database 2001-2010,” Anamika Twyman-Ghoshal and Glenn Pierce,
Accepted for publication March 11, 2014 by the British Journal of Criminology.
“The Impact of Threat on Israeli and Palestinian Public Opinion: Implications for the Peace
Process” paper in progress with Sheila D. Kohanteb, Glenn Pierce, Guy Ben Porat
Research on Firearm Violence
Gun violence is a persistent problem in the United States and also in many other nations in
the world. This program of work examines policies and initiatives to help control illicit
transfer of firearms to prohibited persons and groups in the United States and
internationally.
Recent work
“Building National and Cross-Border Illicit Firearms Information Management and
Analysis Capacity,” presentation for Technical Consultants on the United Nations SecretaryGeneral’s Report on recent developments in weapon marking, record-keeping and tracing
technology, November 19, 2013, UN Headquarters, New York.
“Interpreting the Empirical Evidence on Illegal Gun Market Dynamics.” (Braga, Anthony
A., Garen J. Wintemute, Glenn L. Pierce, Philip J. Cook, and Greg Ridgeway). Journal of
Urban Health, June 2012.
“New Approaches to Understanding and Identifying Illegal Firearms Markets and the
Impact of State Laws on Controlling Trafficking: Final Report Findings” , (Glenn Pierce,
Anthony Braga, Garen Wintemute), US National Institute of Justice Annual Meeting,
Washington DC, June 18-21, 2012. Also, "New Approaches to Identifying Secondary
Market Sources of Illegal Firearms," National Institute of Justice ($205,891 grant), July
2007 through June 2012.
“Intervening in gun markets: an experiment to assess the impact of targeted gun-law
messaging” (with Greg Ridgeway, Anthony A. Braga, George Tita and Glenn Pierce),
Journal of Experimental Criminology: Volume 7, Issue 1 (2011), pages 103-109.
“Understanding Illegal Firearms Markets In Los Angeles: Developing Information
Resources, Analytic Capacity, and Interventions” (Greg Ridgeway, Glenn Pierce, Anthony
A. Braga, George Tita, Garen Wintemute and Wendell Roberts) June 2007, RAND
Corporation, Final Report to the National of Justice
Information Led Enforcement: Developing the Firearms Trace Analysis Capacity of ATF
(with Anthony Braga, Marc Bjorkland, Roberta Griffith, Terrence Austin and Wendell
Roberts) June 2007, Report, Institute for Security and Public Policy, Northeastern
University.
“Small Arms and Light Weapons Trafficking: Creating an Assessment Framework from the
U.S. Experience,” (Timothy Gildea and Glenn Pierce) The Nonproliferation Review. 14 (1)
1-31 March 2007.
Program in Cross Border Crime and Security
The concept of border security is clearly defined by its specific set of national and
international security threats - international terrorism and transnational crime. To address
these threats effectively, border security requires that enforcement agencies and governing
institutions continually evaluate and manage their efforts and processes to address the
diverse challenges posed by illicit trafficking in commodities, people, finance, weapons and
WMD while at the same time facilitating legitimate trade and commerce. Beyond the
confines of national border enforcement, effective cross-border security also requires
substantial foreign collaboration.
The major project in this area has been the Exploratory Methodology Mapping (EMM) for
Illicit Trafficking of Explosives Technologies, Materials and other Weapons project funded
by the HSARPA Border Enforcement Analytics Program (BEAP) APEX, Department of
Homeland Security.
On June 17, 2014 As a member of the ICE APEX Border Enforcement Analytics Program
Team, Northeastern EMM project received the Department of Homeland Security ,Under of
Secretary for Science and Technology’s Award for Building Partnerships. , June 17, 2014,
Washington DC.
Current funding
Exploratory Methodology Mapping (EMM) for Illicit Trafficking of Explosives
Technologies, Materials and other Weapons, HSARPA Border Enforcement Analytics
Program APEX, Department of Homeland Security extension to year two ($1025,000) April
2014 to March 2015.
Exploratory Methodology Mapping (EMM) for Illicit Trafficking of Explosives
Technologies, Materials and other Weapons, HSARPA Border Enforcement Analytics
Program APEX, Department of Homeland Security, ($942,000) April 2013 to March 2014.
“U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Counter Proliferation Investigations Fusion
Center,” contract to ICE to assist the development of ICE’s Counter Proliferations
Investigations Fusion Center, Principal Investigator (amount $198,000), 09/30/2010 through
09/30/2011.
Past Publications
“Race and the Construction of Evidence in Homicide Cases,” with Michael L. Radelet,
Chad Posick and Tim Lyman, American Journal of Criminal Justice, published online
July 10, 2014.
“The Changing Nature of Contemporary Maritime Piracy: Results from the
Contemporary Maritime Piracy Database 2001-2010,” Accepted for publication March
11, 2014 by the British Journal of Criminology.
“Threats to Peace: Threat Perception and the Persistence or Desistence of Violent
Conflict,” with Amy Sliva, Mikhail Malyutov, and Xin Li, Proceedings of the
European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference (EISIC2013), August 2013.
“An Inter-group Conflict Model Integrating Perceptions of Threat and Vested Interest:
Extending Rational Choice to Incorporate Psychological Dynamics” with Christopher
Boulay, and Mikhail Malioutov. (2013), Game Theory and Applications, Volume 16,
NOVA Publishers.
“Interpreting the Empirical Evidence on Illegal Gun Market Dynamics.” (with Braga,
Anthony A., Garen J. Wintemute, Glenn L. Pierce, Philip J. Cook, and Greg Ridgeway).
Journal of Urban Health, June 2012.
“Reconsidering the Ballistic Imaging of Crime Bullets Gun Law Enforcement Operations”
(with Anthony A. Braga), Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International
Journal, 2011, 2:3, 105-117
“Race and Death Sentencing in North Carolina, 1980-2007” (with Michael L. Radelet),
North Carolina Law Review, September 2011, Vol. 89, No. 2, pages 2120 - 2160.
“Death Sentencing in East Baton Rouge Parish, 1990–2008” (with Michael L. Radelet),
Louisiana Law Review, Winter 2011, Vol., No. 2, pages 647 – 673.
“Intervening in gun markets: an experiment to assess the impact of targeted gun-law
messaging” (with Greg Ridgeway & Anthony A. Braga & George Tita), Journal of
Experimental Criminology: Volume 7, Issue 1 (2011), pages 103-109.
Exploratory Methodology Mapping (EMM) for Illicit Trafficking of Explosives
Technologies, Materials and other Weapons, HSARPA Border Enforcement Analytics
Program APEX, Department of Homeland Security extension to year two ($1025,000) April
2014 to March 2015.
Exploratory Methodology Mapping (EMM) for Illicit Trafficking of Explosives
Technologies, Materials and other Weapons, HSARPA Border Enforcement Analytics
Program APEX, Department of Homeland Security, ($942,000) April 2013 to March 2014.
“Death Sentencing in Caddo Parish: The Potential Effects Investigative and Prosecutorial
Effort, ” Proteus Action League, Principal Investigator ($10,075) April 2012 to
September 1012.
“U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Counter Proliferation Investigations Fusion
Center,” contract to ICE to assist the development of ICE’s Counter Proliferations
Investigations Fusion Center, Principal Investigator (amount $198,000), 09/30/2010 through
09/30/2011.
"New Approaches to Identifying Secondary Market Sources of Illegal Firearms," National
Institute of Justice, Principal Investigator ($205,891), July 2007 through June 2012.
“Expanding Domestic Security: Leveraging Resources in a new Community” Boston
Mayor’s Office of Homeland Security, contract for a pilot project to assess the potential to
develop a Domestic Security Resource Information Management System, Principal
Investigator ($238,000) June 2006 to November 2006.
"Strategic Disruption of Firearms Markets," RAND subcontract for National Institute of
Justice Grant, Co-Principal Investigator and Project Director for subcontract, ($240,000)
2002 – 2006.
Fly UP