...

B. Sc. ZOOTOGY UNIVERSITY OF T'ALI(:UT

by user

on
Category: Documents
14

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

B. Sc. ZOOTOGY UNIVERSITY OF T'ALI(:UT
UNIVERSITY OF T'ALI(:UT
B. Sc. ZOOTOGY
of Examinrtion
(1981 Admission)
Scheme
i
I
SCHEME OF EXAMINATION_B. Sc. ZOOLOGY
(1981 admission)
rbeory
Duration of
Exomination
Main
Year paper l-Chordata
70
Il,l Year DaDer-II Non-chordataMarks
70
,,
III Year palper Ilt Economic--,, 65
. -do- paper-ry ?"r",L"rfl, a
65
,,
-tto- paper-v.,ro.rf;3lit'i'
Pbysio losv
65
,,
-do- paper_Vl Eiologyl'Evolu-
tion & ZoologiograPhY
Precticar
IIIrd Year
-do,.
-do-
,,
3 hrs.
3 hrs.
3 hrs,
3 hrs.
3 hrs.
65
3 hrs.
Duration of
Examin tion
- I Chordata
II Non-chordata
Practical III General
Practical
Marks 5u
50
3 hrs.
3 hrs.
50
3 brs.
zoology relating to
t5
l5
l0
l0
Subcidiary
Chordata
II Non-cherdata
Duration
lyr (Examination at the
of
Marks 60
60
80
Exam.
3 hrs.
3 hrs.
) 60+20 marks for Records
3 hrs.
UNIVERSITY OF KERALA AND CALICUT
unified syllabus for admissions from lggl-g2 onwards
sc' Mrin rZooltgv)
Duration of Exam, E n?r.
Maximum Marks : 7u
ptperl
Chordrtr Iyerr)
of the phylum. Classification
ardata and Vertebrata.
Detailed study
characters. Eg. l.
+
(i)
r-'
mammal exPected.
Riproductive system-General struc-turc of the system, methnd
ofieproduction, basic pattern of development (details of
embiyologY not exPected)
I Scoliodon
2 Mugil (StudY of skull excluded)
3 Raii'a ,skull'to be taught in detail as it is not included in
the PDC sYllabus)
4 Catotes tSkull of Yaranus instead of Calotes)
5 Pigeon
6
ven below, enumerating the salicnt
Brief classi
es. Extinct forms need not be
of
featrrr"s
mentioned
Super-Class : Agnatha. Ef. Petromyzon, Myxinc
Su-per-Class
' Class :: Gnathostomata
Elasmobranchii
Sub-blass : Selachir. Eg. Sphyrna (Zygaeta), Chiloscillium'
Trigon (Dasyatusl, Narcine, /"tistis
Sub-Class : Holocephali. Eg. Chimaera
Tvoes:
chgilus
5
B.
Marine frshes: Sardinella, Arius Anguilla, Hemiramphus,
Cypstlurus, Syngnarhus, Hippocampus, Scomber /Rastrellinget), Cybium, Cynoglossus, Pterois, Mugil, Echeneis, Stro-
Sub-Class: Crossopterygii. Eg. Latimeri,t
Sub-Class
:
Dipnoi. Eg. Epiceratodus, Prolerus, Lepidosiren
Genercral topics:
I
2
Accessory respiration in fishes
Parental care in fishes
Class: Amphibia
Order
:
Anura. Eg, Ahytes, Pipa, Bufo, Hyla, Rana Rhacophorus
Siren, Ambystoms, Tylotritlon
Apoda. Eg. Ichthyophis, Gegenophis, Ureaeotyphlus
Order: Urodela. Eg. Necturus,
Order
:
topic:
Parental care in Amphibia
Class: Reptilia
Sub-Class: Anapsida. Eg. Chelone, Geomyda, Trionyx, Testudo
General
Sub-Class: Parapsida.Eg. Ichthyosaurus
Sub-Class: Euryapsida. Eg. Plesiosaurus
Sub-Class: Diapsida
Order:
Order:
Rhynchocephalia.
Eg.
Sphenodon
Squamata
Sub-Order: Lacertilia. Eg. Hemidactylus, Calotes, Draco, Chamaele on, M abuyo, Varanus, Ophisau-
Sub4rder:
Ophidia.
Eg.
rus, Heloderma, P hrynosoma
Typhlops. Python Eryx, Ptyas, Tropi'
donotus, Dryophis, Lycodon, Byngarus,
Naja naja, N. hanna, Echis carinata,
Enhydrita, Yiporo russelli, Ancistro'
don, Grotalus
Order: Grocodilia, Eg. Crocodilus, Alligalor, Gavialis
Sub-Class: Synapsida. Eg. Dimetredon, Cynograthus
Gcneral topic: Identification of poisonous and non-poisonous
Class: Aves
.
snakes
Strb-Class: Archaeernithos.Eg. Archaeopteryx
,Sub-Class: Neornithes
Super Order: Palaeognathae. Eg. Struthic (Africa ostrich),
Rhea (American ostrich t,
Casuarius (Cassowary t,
Dromaeus lEmu), Apteryx
Apteryx 1kiwi1
6
General
topics: I Adaptations for flight in birds
2 Migration in b,rds
Class: Mamnralia
Sub-Class:
Sub-Class:
Sub-Class:
General
.Jg. Ornithorbynchus, Echymna
.Eg Oiletphis,Iiasyuris, pe'ramiles,
topics: I Dentition in mammals
Maqopus
2 Aquatic mammals
Study
e:
I Chordate Z
nimal physiology, Jerdan and Verma
2 Manual of
Il-Ekarirbaranlina lyerS. Viswanathan
3 A text book of 7-oology Vol. II -Viswanath (2nd edn)
t' touod & co'
4 vertebrate Body-A. S. Romar-w. L. Saund"..
5 A Text Book of ZooTogy, Vol. II-parker and has wll, Zth Edn.
6 Life of Verterbrates, J . Z. Young -Oxford University press
Books .for
7
Poper
II
B. Sc. ZOOLOGY MAIN
Non ChorJqto
150 hrs rTheory and practicalsy
(3 hrs theory ani Z hrj practicai
a weck)
Tl eory
classification
of
each phylum down to classes
with- distinctive
- --'
characters, er.cept otherwise rientioneJis to be dealt
with.
A brief account and.the zoological
---':
if any, need alone
e - imDortance,
be stressed on the
examples.
Introduclion to clossification of ammials
ion-prctozoa, Mesozoa, Metaca.
;tl,"Ttii : Bll'it?.# : [TiJ
","j
Phylum Protozea
Tyoes : Euglena, paramaecuim
Phylum Perifora
(Morphology, Histology,
Jyne:Asgqn
logy and Reproduction;.
can
rl
system, skeleton, phy;io-
6
Mention canals in scypha and Lencon
Structure of parenchymula and amphiblastula larvae
Phylum Goclontorata
.
Type: Hydra and Aurul,ia
Ob-elia-Mention colonial nature and details
of life history.
Erample: fubularia, Halistemma, Physalia, Porpita,
Sea ane-
mone (mention
salient features), Edwarsia, Stoichactis, Fungia,
-Madropera
Zoanthus, Tubipera, pennatula, Virgulania,
Favia,
Pterides
Gen. Essay: Polymerphism in coetenterates
Phylum Ctenophera
Pleurobrachia-External morphology including the structure of the
aberal sense organ.
l'hylum-Ploty
Type: P
lopment not expected)
Eiamples
of Faiciol
Mullors Larva, Different species
as (details of the parasitic
aonia
ferms are not expected;
Phylum Machelminthes
Class l. Nematoda-General characters
Class 2. Rotifera - General characters and type Brachimus
Phylum Phoromida
General characters and type: Phoronis
Phylum Annelida
Type Nercis
Exlernal morphology
of
leech
Archiannelida-general characters egs. Polygordius
Examples : Aphrodite, Temopteris
chactapterus, Arenicola, Sabella, Haemadipsa
in polychaetes
General Essay ,r:.
+#,::ij$.#roduction
Phylum
Mellusoa
- Types:
Fresh water Mussel
duim larva and veliger larva)
Examples.
Turbinella
Dentaluim
(pearl oyst
Loligo, Namtilus.
Phylum Arthropoda
and Pila (Brief account of glochi'
gaster,
nctada
SePia,
9
Beiostoma, Scopion, Limulus (menturi trilobite larva)
Mention of, Ticks and Mites
A brief accortnt of Trrlobitc
Generai Essav, Crustacian Larvac
''
fi{outh parts of insects
(cockroach, Plant bug. Butterf,y, Honey bee)
Phylum Ech;nadermata
Type : Star' Fish
Dxamples: Ilr:ittle star, Sea-lily, Sea-Cucumber
Salr44scis, Heart urchin, cake urchin
General Essay. Larval forms in Echinodermata
Phylum Hemichordalo
General characters. Example Balano glossus
(Externals only) and structure of Tornaria larva
classification is not necessarl')
II
paper Inrer tt'brutn
for
'fe;it
Books
I
2
3
4
5
6
rclt'rencc
book of Zoology' Vol.
I
Williams & Marshell
7th Ed. Macmillam
I'hs lrrvertebrata, Borradrle et. al Cambridge-University press
The lnvertebrata Vois. Hyman Mc Graw Hill
lnvert':brate Zoology Dhani and S. Chand & Co.
Manual ol Zoology Vol. I Ekambaranatha Aiyar -
S. Viswanathan
Ar rnral Biology, Crove and Newell Urtiversity Tutorial Press
latest edition)
7 ,.\:,,mal. r,rithout Backbones, Buschbaum
8 Gerre ral Z;>ology of Invertebrates, Carter
9 Invcrtebr3.ls loology. Nigam, S. Nagiri and Co.
10 General Zoology, Stor,'r and Usinger-Mccraw tlill
I lnv.'rtchrate Z olog;-, R. D Barmes Saunders
l?. A studeut Text Book ol Zoology, Sedgurick (vol. I and lt)
ll 'llext Booh of Zoology (Vol. I) - Parker and Haswell - Macmitlan
PAI}ER I'I ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY \
r-Iotal No. of hours- t20,
Scopt af the subi*ct
(2 hrs.)
A. Para:,it,,;'r't and h::nan wclfare - a bripf introductiolt
Deti,rition cll paiasittsm; Ectoparasites and crrdoparasites; host
defi nitive an i ntermediate: host-parasite association (mention causltion
of diseasc as due to inequalibrium of host-parasitc interaction'.
stn tl; rough animal kingdom:
Mor;,ho:o3v-, life history the disease produccd and pteventive
methods related to thc following organisms.
Pora,sit i
,0
Protozoa (10 hrs
I
2
3
4
5
6
Leishmania donovani ,mention
L. tropica and disease produced I
Entamoeba histolytica (thc rolc of house-flies in spread of the
parasite may be mentioned)
Plasmodium vivox mention P. malariae and P. fatciporum and the
diseases produced
Pl,atyhelminthes:
Fasciola hepatica
thrsl
Schistosoma lruematobium ,mention S. mansoni and ,S. joponicum
and the diseases produced)
Tenia solium mention, T. saginota and Echinococcus granulosus
Aschelminthes: (9 hrs)
7 Ascaris lumbricoides
8 lYuchereria bamcroftf (mention) Brugia malayi)
9
Ancylostoma duodenale (mention Enterobiui vernicularis and
Trichuris trichiura)
Arthropoda (8 hrs)
l0 Boophilus-tick mention Rhiphicephalus
I Saroptes scabei-mite
12 Anopheles-mosquito
l3 Culex-mosquito
14 Xenopsylla-flea
l5 Cimex hemipterus lbed bugl
l6 Pediculus humamus (mention
I
sub sepecies)(mention
pthirus
pubis
also)
The harm done by the above arthropods to human health may be
mentioned.
B. Ur.eful $nd Lrcsrructivc losects r30 hrs)
I Apiculture und its scope
Different species used in apiculture
(Apis dorsara, Apis indica
Social organisation and structural adaptations of honey trees; lifchistory and habits of honey-bees mencion mry b: made olihe rnethod
of communication among bees).
Equipment required for bee-keeping:
Types oIhives ; honey extraction; method ol bee-culture
Bee-products: honey and bee-wax, thei: '-rses.
I
Scope
of silkworms used in sericulture Bombyxmori
Phi.losamia ricini pri silk-worm r; life history; strucsilk gland.
J
4
caus
lird"rt*rrio"
lt
3 cardomon: sciothrips cardomomi; Euptrote cardomomi and rodioctes haemqticus;
4 Coc.onut' oryctes rhinoceros; Rhynohophorus jerrugineus; Nephantis
serinopo;
5 C_ofee: Xylotrechus quadripes; Coccus viridis
6
Kelopeltic anlonii
'r .Tea:
Tapioca: Aonidomytilus albus
8 Rubber: Aspidootus destructor Aconthopsyche snelleri
9 Banana: Cosmopolites sordidus; pentalonia nigronervosa
l0 Mongo: Idoscopus niveosparsus; Batocera rufomaculata
I I Coshew : Plocazderus ferrugineus; Toxoplera odinae
l2 Jack : Ochyromera trtocarpi; pseudodendrothrips dwivilna
13 Pepper: Longitarsus nigripennis; Lospoyrosiahemidoxa
11 Stored food-grains : Cadra cautella; Trogoderm t garnarium;Sitophilus atyzre; T'enebria monitor; Trib-otium ,oriionrii
6 Pes.t Control (lnrect vectors included
li
alathion, etc.
iil
idal fishes, sterile
,
iii)
.Sardinella longicept : Rastrelliger kan guila; cybium comm rsoni;
Porostromatues niger ; Etropl,us suratinsis ; tiugit cephalus ;
Catla catla; Tilopia mosiambica
descriptions of the following prawn/lobster fisheries
. b) toBrief
(general habits, food preferences, -breeding seasons, typJ
lelajed
of
fishing employed to be mentioneil)
s serrulatus;
Pqra-
t(:. Bricf
related to
P.rnu virid
4
descriptions
of the following molluses and fishcrics
:
s:
Pinclado lucala
Economic imporlonce of fisheries
For food, fish bye products, lime products, pcarl prodttction etc'
I hr.
5
Basic el,emenls of Jish preserv.rtian lc'chnologl
Causes of fish spoilage ; methods like chilling: freezing; fieeze-
drying smoking, satting and canning
to
be taught
D. Poultry
in
a
vcry elemcntarY
4 hrs.
manner.
Science 112 hours)
; different breeds of fowls;
sclective brccling and
outlines only) sex detcrmining mechanism.; egg laying
ture and cheniical composition of egg ; i'ole of nutrio
E. Dairy
Science
(12 hrsl
milk production.
Reference Books
Parasitology
I The tsiology of Animal Parasites - Thomas C. Cheng 1W. B.
Saunders Co.)
2 ATreatise on Protozoa-'R. K. Gupta and lJ. Sc. Malik (Pragati
Prakashan, Meerut)
3 Parasitology, the biblogy of animal parasitcs - Noble E' R. and
Noble G.A.
(Lea & Fcbiger, Philadelphia)
Economic Entomology
4 Elements of Economic Entomology
T. Kumara Swamy.
(Pdpular Book Depot, Madrasl
-
B. Vasantharaj David. and
t3
monograph on crop pests of Kerala and their control
M.R.G.K. Nair lKerala Agricultural University, Trivandrum; Ramance of scientific Bee-keeping Kshitish chandradas Gupta
(Khadi Fratisthan, Sodepus, Calcutta)
Bee-keeping in lndia Sardar Singh (I.C.A.R , Delhi)
General and Applied Entomology-K.K. Nayar,
T. N. Ananthakrishnan and B.Y. David
rTata-Mcgraw Hill Pulg. Co. Ltd., New Delhi)
5 A
6
7
8
Fisher i es and Aquacuhur e
9
It
!l
l2
13
14
15
16
lndustrial Fishery Technology-Maurice E. Stansby
(Reinhold Pub. corporation New York)
Marine Fisheries in India-C. T. Samuel, University of Cochin.
(Printed at S. T. Reddiar Press)
An introduction to Fjsheries -- S. Nagaraja Rao (Fish Products
Lts., Jagannaickpur, Kakinada)
Fish and Fisheries of India
G. Jhingran
- V.(India).,
(Hindusten Pubhshing Corpn.
6-U-B-Jawahar Nagar
New Delhil
prawns and prawn Fisheries of India-C.V Krrrian and V. C.
Sebastian lHindustan Publishing Corporation, Delhi)
Introduction to the Fishcry Science-William F. Roycc
(Academic Press, New York,
Fish culture
C. F. Hickling tFaber and Faber, London)
- lndia
Fish culture in
- K.C.H.A.Alikunhi
(Farm Bulletin No. 20,I.
R., Delhit
Poultry and Dairy Science:
Poultry Husbandry M. L. Jull MbGraw Hill Book Co., New
York)
l8 Dornestic Animals - Harbans Singh (National Book Trust, New
Dclhi)
l9 Life-stock breeding in India Sundaresan lVikas Publishing Ltd.,
New Delhi)
20 Dairy Farmcrs Hand book
(Kerala Livestock Development and Marketing Board;
l7
(a)
PAPER IV ZOOLOGY MAIN
{ ytogeueticS I10 priods
Cytology: 60 hours
Introduition:-Scope and importance of cytology
2 hours
: Ceil theory, cytogenet[cs, Cell physiology
Techniquc of study
7
hours
and molecular biology.
-use
:' Basic principle and
of the foJlowing
in cytology
instruments and techniques
ldbtails of the working and methodology
not essontial),
l+
I Microscopv
: light microscope (mention
phase contract microscope
pi limmersion,
and
electron
microscope (principles and uses onlyr
2 Histological techniques: Principle and procedures of fixation (mention common fixatives such as formaline,
Ethanol, Bouins-fluid Carnoy's fluidy
Principles of staining: mention common
stains likc Haematoxylin, Epsin. Boraxcarmine and vital stains [lentralred Janus
3
green
: (Principles and uses
: Chemical composition
tissue culture
Protoplasm
(7 hours; a) ll/oter, its functional roles and importance
b.1
C1
d;
el
f)
6o
portance without going into details
stituents (Mention main constituents
tional rmportance
I
ture and properties
h)
only)
Structure ond functions
21 hours
of the following
a
of
protoplasm
cell components
mbrame
fumctio
cytosis Pi
b.
c.
d.
e.
f)
o
D.
h.
reticulum: Structure and function.
Ribosomes: Chemical composition and function
Golgibod^ycomplex: lStructure & functions (storagel and concentration of secretion, accrosome formation)
Endoplosmic
Mitochondria; Structure including that of Electron-transport
Particle 1ETP1 Chemical composition, functions {Brief outlini of
electron transport system NAD, FAD, cytochromes expected)
Lysosomes: Structure-mention polymorphyen fuuctions (digestion)
Autophagy and Autolysis
Interphase nuclens Ceneral structure
Nucleolus: Structure, composition and functions
a)
i.
chromosorne.' structure of a typical chi.rmosome: Lhemical
composition
different types based-on number ona
forition-'n?""ntromere, Polytenechromosom-e i_n drosophirr, str-uctuie'
iuit.no,
Chromocentre, Iamp-brush chromosomes, general rt.r"turi,
to"u_
tion.
C.ell division:. Cell cycle, Amitosis, mitosis, Discription
of various
stagcs including structurc and furiction oi the achromatic
figure
and proccss of cytokinesis
I I hours
Meiosis
.' Des.cription of all chromosonal and other changes
llrling various stages, comparison and contrast of
Mitosis and Meiosi-s.
Gametogene,r,,;, 1.
Structure
of
)!:ff?togenesis,sper.:niogenesis.
4
hours ,.8:';:,:#;HlJlilfi"'#.;
mammalian
ovum
3 Comprison and contrast of spermatogensii
.t
Fertilization .' Penetration_
3 hours
,t,u.nrre ror typicar
Gogenesis
of
f;r-tilization memr:rane. ,A,mphimixis rore or-s,perm,
fertirizin ard Antitu-rtiiir.i
.oipi.*
in sperm-attraction and f:r.tilization.
Parthenogenesi.r: Orll:1g!9Ur,
facr
.Thelytokv. C;rctical parthcnogensis,
,,ii:iil:,:?IT,[.+r.1,:ilu.;,JiH.?i,liil{?,?31
each
Books
lor
sludy and reference for cytology
Bioto_gy .De Roberrs rsamcterJ,'
| lelt
2
Cytology Kohn
3
O
5
6
7
8
9
r0
Q.
Gttetics
Cytolog-v Deleila & Verma
& Cytogenetics Swanson. Merz and young rprcntice
fir"rfi,"*,
B_iology of the Gene_Lavine (Toppan.
Heie,iity,t Human Hercdity_HIi-.r ff ill McMillan
Genetics-Dodson
Genetics Gardiner
Essentials of cvtology NAdan Mohan ]lar i
RedCi Vimrla pub.r
Genetics-Goodnighi'1Su;J;;;i'""-' "
(b)
Genetics-6U hours
8 houls
N{ono and dihibridization exits.
cxpt. each
Mendelism
I
2
lnterprctation
assortmcnt
3 Ru Ie
gp-t.
4. Defin
a
homo
of
the laws
of
ol
Meudels dctarts
Segregation
and
of
one
Ind,-.pendent
Incomplete
o and dehyt:r,dization
,!i"'#:r""#::fi""[::J,.,"r.,
Ailosek
t6
5
6
Cytological explao4tioo.
of
segrogation'
assor tment
Outline ol Eutto:rs chromosomo tbeory
Variation in Mendelian ratio in the following:
2
hours Mention factor concept Eg.
and
Indapeirdent
of heridity
combpattern
in
Polygenos
(skincolour in man
Multippte olloies Definition of muitipple alldes, inheritance
colour in rabtrit
A, B, O, AB blood groups and its si.gnificance
Rh. factor and its significance.
of
coat
4 hours
,
Principle
on lY
'
4Mentiongenetheorylinkageasproolofthe]i'reararranrement
of genes.
..
x delerminotion
S --
and sex linkage
l,orri I Distinguish deicrmination from sex differentiation
2 Sex ratio
S
3Chromosometheoryofsex-\lalehrterogamity,femalehetero
samitr,. allosomes, autosomes
4
5
ix-xo: XX-XY ; w7- ZZ mechanisrtls
Gcnitic balance theory, its im;rcrtance
S"- il 'i';rn (ventloir ttieitelter, Turner-S1'ndrotne'
Barr
vodv Imoortance of Ychromosome'
6 G],riandrom.trphs. (otrtline only
7 Inter sex 'outline onlYl
8 Sex in Bonellia
9 Sex harntones Sex reve;sitl
l0 bi,*ingu"f, betu'een sex limited r'rrd sex-influenced character
with one eg. the man.
by Mo.rghan factures of
ll Sii tiriirii Expt. on Dresophyla
,.i-ririia'genesjproof that geres ar-e located on chromosomesin
criscross iuheretance, colorir blindness and haemophilia
man.
lnbreeding- out breeding-Heterosis
2 hours
Mention advantages and disadvantages applical ion
in breeding exPts.
Extrachromo so na I i nheretance
Outline of examPles such as
sis
3 hours
of
hetere-
17
I
2
Coiling of shells in snails
Kappa (mention plasmagene)
Mutation;I2
'l
hours
,
Definition=De ,Vries mulation theory
2
.
3
(out line only) spontaneous-induc :d- lethal-chromosomal-point mutationi
Chromosomal-Anenploidy, euploidy, cytogenetical effects sex
.
chromesemes. ancuploidy in man (trisomy) in man Polyploidy-Allpoiyploidy, and Auto poly ploidy
,
Cytogenetical effects of delition, duplications translocation
and inversion (brief out line only;
,
,No details re<luired
4 GeDe-point, mutation-Biochemical basis-mention transition,{4ansiversion addition-delition lwith one eg. each)
5 Jndpced mutation-out line concept Mention Muller, Muta-
gens, name a few Meration including radiation-application.
Geneaclion I I hours
DNA and RNA-Genetics code. Contributions of Nirenberg,
Khorana. Mention characters of the genetic code-namely
triplot degenerate, non-overlapping etc.
2 ?rotein Synthesis Brief out line to bring out the importance
of code, RNA and ribosomes
3 Metabolic blocks: Brief account of phenylalmine meta, 'bolism in man
4 Eugenics Genetics in relation to human welfare 2 hours
THEORY PAPER V
Embryalory and Animal Physiology A. Embryology-60 hours
I Introduction: Scope of embryolo1y-a brief history of
embryology-descriptive, comparative, and experimentai, an
outline of modern trends-mention to be made of nreformation
(early history-theory of preformation Malpighis classical
({o{9r1 view) and epigenesis-Thebry as pr6peur^
ded by C. F. WelfI Modern viewr2 Lours
Germ Cells Definition-Woldeyer's theory of GermplasamOrigin o[ Germ cells
2 hours
EgS. Structure of a typical ovum-classification based on
al and Macrolecithal). classifiand distribution of yolk.
l, slightly, moderately and extreyer;i.on,_
mely Telolecithal ccntrolecithal.
,, ,hflpenqe of yolk on
, .egg cortex etc
Cleavage ond Blastulat lon
Types-
account
of
of
3 hours
cleavages-Radial (starfish) spiral {planocora) a short
cell liqeage-studies Holoblastic cleavage -egual unequal-
Meroblastic cleavage
F-3
development polarity, symmetry,
l8
Blastula
:
Coeloblastula, Stereoblastula, discoblastula, blast ocyst.
3 hours
Gqstrulation :
Different types : lnvagination Definition Involution Epiboly,
Delainination-Germ layers - concept of germ layers
4 hours
Embryo logy of Amphi,'xus
Conads -fertilization -cleavage - Blastulation Fate map-Gastrulation Tubulation
Neural Tube formation - Gutformation.
Embryology of Frog
Egg. Structure Fertilization Symmetry-clavage -blastulationFate map-gastrulation morphogenic movements-A brief account
of the dorsal lip of the blastopore as an organizer embryonic induction -Mention of spemann's constriction and transplantation -erperiments-closure of blastopore Archenteron -Neurulation
-Notechord
formation-Mesoderm formation -organogerly with reference
to the
following: Brain
Eye
Ear
Heart
Role of Hormones in metamorphosis of the Tad pole larva
Embryology of Qhick
Cleavage-Blastulation -Gastrulation -Germ layer formation-
Development up to 48 hours with special reference to 24 hours stage;
33 hours stage and 4-, hours stage.
Development of extra embryotic membranes
l0 hours
Iflammalian Em
,Mammalia
fertilizat
membranes-Pl
nal c6ntrol of estrogen
- Foetal
cycle
y and gestation
on
(6 hours)
Elements of Exp e rimenta I Embryolo gy
Short history of experimental embryology Constriction Fusion
polarity and gradient experiments with sea urobin egg as example.
Paper
V
ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY
B
Time 60 hours
General Introduction
Scope, Broad fields and relevance of study of diverse fields of
physiology cellular, comparative and general physiology I hour
Nutrition:- Diverse types of nutrition; (Autotroph
Heterotroph).
Mode of feeding in animals ; younge's classification of feeding types.
. . Digestive gands and their secretions in Man Enzymes compositionbasic concepts on factors regulating enzyme action-their mode of
action on various subtrates such as major organic food substances-
Absorption, storage and mobilisation
of
food reserves.
9
Meiobolism
Basel metabolism ; Metabolic pathways-Gly colysis, Kerb.s cycle,
oxidative. phosphorylation, erectro n transport concise a:cou nt of
carbonyorate' rrprd and protein metaborism; intermediary metabolism
7 hours
Respiration
espiratory pigments, Hemoelob in.
in, Haemoerythrini, chlor-ecrime.
respiratory organs. Concept of
xia-eg. high altitude_Acclimation.
Body Fluids ond Circutation
Ger;
Formed
and func
rition of
of human blood_plasma funcrions of plasma_
f b^tood
ih.i;';;;;i "nu.b.r
of blood"o.pr*"ir'u;d
ahticoagulant_i[romUori, .ornpo_
. Majgr- _types
genic
of
s functions and ciriulation.
transport mechanisms -Types of hearts_neuro_
and Myogenic -pacehaker of vertebraG'fl;;ri^diJla pr.r.rr",
pulse, Heart sounds Arthere Sclerosis.
6 ilr;;
Excretion
ism.
ex
fo
in
Storage
mmals Urine
moregulation
6 hours
regulation. Poikilotherms-Homeo_
to co Id-Brief mention shiverins
Dormancy, Hibe rnation and Aestfl
M ov eme nts I Lecome
4 hourg
to t y p h y sioto g y
Mentidn bf maior tyfes of "fiovements-pseudopodial
flagellar, ciliary and mujcuhr
of
m
-during
(curve
only
museles
of ultra-st
Nerveous systeml Neural co-or dination
o
i
(Amcboid;,
ac_
he_
ple
n
5 hours
6 hours
20
Reproduction
---''R;;;auctive
and their
-i'
r _r:-,- _r^-r^ ^r man
organs and accessary reproductiYe glands,of
'2 hours
functions
studY ond 'comparative
ference
vertebrate Embryo logy-Heuttner
Frinau-entals of
Books
re
for
PAPER VI
Ecology, Zoogeography and Evolution
I
ECOLOGY
Introduction
Definition
"*il;i;f
-
Teaching houfs-120
'
60 hours
7 hours
description
of the following terms:
environment
Medium and substratum
Organislno h?,bi!+tt-'
21,
habitat ecology, auteocology and synecology
population, community,
Ecosystem, biosphere
Ecologrcal niche
II Ecosytem ecologY (15 hoursi
Concept of ecosYtem
Comp6nents of ecosystem-Aboitic and biotic-autotrophie and hetero:
troohic
I Producers 2. Various coosumers
3 Decomposers 4. transformers
ion
Step
I
^
L"'"fl.,',,i33r",ii1n?[""I ;i:?ll;##Ji.';-X',?i,1fi
ss and net pr-oductivity
of organic matter-Nutrient bio'
nt of:
3
4
Decomposition
Transformation
Ecological energetics; SolaF. energy' energy fl9.*,. in' the ecgsystem,
laws of energetics.as applied to energy transfer.
Tyophic Structure .' Trophic. levEl, food chains,- food web, pyramid
of numbers and pyramid of,b.iomass.
the following factors on the life of the
Effect.of
..
Ecologicat, factors
organlsms,
tolerance level
III
CommunitY ecologY (15 hours)'
Biotic communitY-concePt
Characteristics of community-species diversity, stratification dominance,
ecological indicator community periodicity ecologec4l succession in a
pond.
Important physical features, biota, and their adoptatlons
'
2
,
,anktomic nektonic
ittgra.l,,Abyss.
Fresh water ecologY
Lentic
LBtig
-
22
3
Tcrrcstrial ecology
Desert
Grassland
Forest
Tundra
Cave
ry Populotion ccology: (15 hoursl
growth rate, natality, morta.. -Population ch
trty blotlc potential
sistance. Population srowth
forms- J. Shaped
Population'interactiSn
I Symbiosis (Proteco-operation, mutualitism lcommensalism
2 antogonism (Competition-gause's principle, ammensalism & antibiosis)
3 Exploitation (predation, parasitism)
4 Neutralism
V Llan and the environment: (8 hours)
I
2
3
4
Conservation ecology:
Need for conservation of natural resources including wild life
Human interference wrth the environment and its consequences:
mention of deforestution flood, eresion, destruction of fauni.
Environment pollution-Brief account of the effects of : air, water
and soil-Agricu ltural and industrial.
The need for proper management of environment for the future of
mankind
Books
of
Reference and Study
{ Engene P. Oduni Fundamentals of Eco- W.B. Saunders
2 Clarko
il"'J.rr, of Ecology John wiley & sons
3 Charles Elton
Animal Ecology Methuen & Co
4 S. Charles Kendeigh Ecology with special Prentice Hall
reference to animal
and man
5 Southloick
Ecology and the qua- Prentice Hall
lity four environment
6 E. J. Cormondy Concepts of Ecology Prentice Hall
7 Rastogi and Jayaraj Animal Ecology and Kedas Nath Ramdistribution of Ani- nath, Meerut
mals
8 Ananthakrishnan and General Animal Eco- Macmillan
Viswanathan
logy
9 Nagabhushanan
Elements of Animal Emkay publicaflons
Ecology
l0 Sambisivah chal.
Animal Ecology S. Chand & Co.
ll
Kotpal and Bali
Concepts
of Ecology Vishal publicationc
23
ZOOGEOGRAPHY 15 hours
Introduction (2 hours)
Distribution of animali and factors controfling distribution
Animal distribution (9 hours)
Planes of distribution: (Brief accouDt of the foflowing
thres)
rg'\
Distribution in space i Geograpnic aisiiiUutionr..'o
2 Bathymetric distribution
3 Geologic distribution
Distribution in time
Kinds of distribution: (Brief dcscription of thc folrowing with onc
example for each)
I Cosmopolitai or Universal distribution
2 Discontinuous or disjunctive distribution
3 Isolation
4 Bipolar distribution
Factors controlling distribution:
I Methods of dirtribution (mention rand ,bridges, naturar rafts,
driftswoo6,
water curre Lts, by host, b/h'rft;';i.r"yl
-g.alg;,
^ Barriers in distribution
2
I
?
II
A.
Physical
a. Topogr-aphical (mention mountain ranges, targe bodies of
water,
B.
III
I
2
3
land masses)
_q.Climatic (mention temperature, Iight and humidity)
Biological:
a' vegetative (mention abundance of vegetation; rack of vegetatton)
b. Absence of food, effcct of predators ctc.
Zoogeographical realms i9 h
Follow Dr. Sclater's classificat
brief
account (not for. e-ssay)
n the
areas included, brief desc
brief
account of the characterati
Palaearctic
region
4
Ethiopian Region
5
Indian (Oriental) region 6
Insular
faunu: follow A. R. walrace's classification
oceanic islands
iarrds e.g. British isles.
the two types given above and brief account
of the
Madagascar- (very brief account)
Books
I
2
3
4
for
Reference
Darlington
Wallace A. R.
doWilma George
istribution
ift:iL.f"Traphy
Hauemann Educational Books
'24
I
Evoluti6r 45 hours
(1
hour;
Introduction:
The concept of Jr-g#i" evcjlution and evoltition as'a'pioiess'of
change.
II
Evidences
of Etolution
Brief accounts. of
'(8 houis)
:
a) Morphological
c)l
cal (see Section
d)
bt
ilI
IV
YI also)
Mechanism of Etolutiotn (8 hours)
a)
bi'
Lamarck's theoiy antl its criticism
Darwin,s th;t'of Natural selection (mention inheritable
variations and weighmann's germplasm theory)
Medern concept of evol\tionary forces (9 hours)
a) Genetic basis of varibtion
bi Hardy-weinberg equllibrium concept
ce
ccount
V
of
Bisten lectuloria expts'
Natuie of evolution (9 hour's)
t
with
W
Course
of evolution (10 hours)
of life on earth: oparin's concept and Urey-Miller
a)
' Origin
Experiment and modern ideas
b) History of life on earth.
i) Geotogiial time scale-sl nple chart *ith mobt iighidcaiit
reoresentative fauna
i[# Aieiuj ZrTroev by store aria Usiriger
Fossils feSsilisation fossil dating (mention carbon dating)
iir
iii) "Living fossils"
iv)
c)
dl'
Human evolution-brief account -mentio-ning the itructural
advancement of ape to man and the following important
Ev"olutionary trend as in lieise
gbnesis and simpson's criticism
tvDes
:
6iolution
mention orthe-
Airstra lepitthecus. Pithecanth ropus, Noandertha lman croma gron man and modern man.
25
Books
I
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
l0
ll
I
for
reference and sludy
ttro,
R. S. Lull
Organie Evaluation-
Storer and Usinglr
Carter
General Zoology Mc Graw Hill
Evaluation
Orebtuce Hall
Evaluation
Concept of Evaluation
Concept of Evaluation
Savage
Paul Amos Moody
Majpuria
$"*iB.rn,
S. Parined
& Co.
Evaluation, Process and Product
Process of organic Evaluation
Evaluation
Gopalakrishnan
Evaluation
Verina, Agarwal .rnd Rao Cell Biology, Genetics
Evatuation and Ecology
Dedson
Stebbing
Renganathan
ZOOLOGY MAIN PRACTICAL PAPER
Dissectians & Mouatings
I Shark I Placoid scales
2 Arterial system
I
CHORDATA
3 Brain
4 V ar VI[ Cramial nerves
5 IX&X ,, ,,
2 Frog - I Arterial system (on one sidey
2 Venous system ( ,, )
3 V cramial nerve with root & ganglion
4 VII
,r
,,
5X,,,,
6 Nerves that supply the tongue with roots & ganglia
7 Brain
8 Hyoid apparatus (in situ)
9 Cartilage & membrane bones of skull
I Arterial system (on one side)
Calotes:
3
2 Brain
n Slides and specimens
Based on these referred to in the theory syllabus
Museum specin:ens numbers given against each group
(4)
I Prochordata
2
3
4
5
6
Pisces
Amphilia
Reptilia
Aves
Mammals
Oesteology
B-4
of various
(10)
(3)
(s)
(2)
(l)
tyPes
at least 20 nos
at
least the
26
Practicals Paper II Non-chordata (Practical Examination in the
final year)
Spotters Slides ond specimens
Protozoa-Any five items from the examples mentioned
Porifera 3 items any one specimen, spicules and gemmulae
Coelenterita-Any fifteen it6ms from the exampleiprovided
Platy helmuithes-Planaria T. S. Bipalium
Aschelminthes-Asi'ari's nrale and female, T. S. of Male and
female Aseanrs, Rotifera
Annelida-T. S. of Earth worm, T.S.of Nereis, Trochophore larva,
Two Errantic forms and two tubicolous Worms,
Leech, and Haemadipsa
Arthopoda - Any twenty four items from the examples provided
Echinodermata Six items
Star-fish, Brittle Star, Sea urechin, Sea lily and two larvel forkes
Hemichordata Balano glossus rentire,
Mollusca-12 itents including South Indian Forms Economically
important forms
Dissecturis& Speciment Earth worm: Nervous system major dissection)
Mounting of Body setal
Nercis Externals- Mounting of parapodium
Prawn-External features, Mounting of appendages. Nervous system
Major dissection)
Cockroach-Externals Nervons system (Major dissection Female
Reproductive system r Minor dissection
Mounting ot Salvary apparatus display on the microslide lMinor
dissection
r
Plant Bug:-Mounting of Mouth parts
Honey Bee:-Mounting of Mouth parts
Fresh water Mussel : -Externals (shell outer and inner viewl
Elimentary canal Major dissections)
Pila:-Externals Maulle cavity (minor dissection Elimentary canal
Nervous system Major Dissection,
Radula Mounting
PRACTICAL PAPER II
ileneti
Cytologv
s, Ecology & [mbryology
Scheme of Examination
Time 3 hours
Marks 50
Record l0
The Examinations shall consist of questions from all branches.
One major experiment from either physiology or Ecology 20 marks
Minor experiments 2 numbers depending on time, one from
lrom physiology/Ecology problem in Genetics
cytology and the other
27
(simple l5 Marks problem
of
checker board construction in mono and
-
dihybridisationlquestion
Smarks
Embryology slides, models or specimens 5 numbers - l0 marks
1
Cytology
I . Study of Microscope and demonstration of the use of ocular
and stage micrometers (not for eramination)
2 Onion root-tip squash to study and identify various stages of
mitosis staining may be done with acetocarmine or toludine blue
(minori
3
Grasshopper testis squash
-
stained
with acetocarmineltoludine
blue, to identify and study various stages rminor)
il Genetics-Probltms in mono and dihybridisation ratios
III
U
A
Ecology
I
2
3
Determination of PH using indicator paper or solution (minor;
ldentification of Marine, freshwater
Demonstration of navecotising specimens, collection and killing
of specimens, fixing tissues and preservation of speciment (not
4
for examination)
Determination of dissolved oxygen or dissolved carbondioxide
lmajor)
Physiology
Quantitative tests (minor)
I Protein - Biuret test- xantho prote in or nitric acid test
Fehlings test- Benedicts' test-Lugel's iodine
2 Carbohydratetest for starch
3 Fat Suden III/ V-spot test
4 Urine test-foi sugar and albumen-Test of an
B
C
D
unknown
solution for testing l, 2,3 taken as Major Question
Blood -preparation of human blood or frog using leishman/
wright 6r liemsa strins to identify the formed elements (minort
Digestion salivary amylase activity using suitable controls (rninor)
Respiration-simple respirometer experiment using cockroach or
Frog
to
(minorl
estimat-e
oxyien
onsumption (Demonstration only)
E Heart-Effect of temperature rheat & cold; on the heart beat of
Frog tpithed /F. W. Mussel Major
F Effect of isotomic, hypotomic and hyertonic solutions on blood
corpuscles of Man or Frog (minor)
nerve preparation and recording of simple muscle twitch on
Muscle
G
kymograph lDemonstration; (minorl
V Embryology
. Study of iLe following specimens slides and models.
/
28
Frog- Blastulla T. S.
Gastrulla V. S.
Neurala entire or gagital
Tudpole- External gill stage
Internal gill stage
Chick-Blastoderm - Entire
18 hours
24 hours
,t
,,
33 hours
t,
48 hours
Mammal-Any mammalian foetus with placenta
B. Sc. ZOOLOGY- SUBSIDIARY
Year
Second Year
-doFirst
of Examination
I Chordata
II Nonchrodata
Practicals
Scheme
hours
Marks
Paper
Paper
3
60
3
3
60
60
20
Records
Total
First year Paper I Chordata
Time available (120 Hours)
Students are expected to have a knowledge
under pre-degree syllabus.
Introduction
200
of
the types coming
Diagnostic characters of the phylum chordata. Classification
into groups
w. The characteristic features of each group
to be studie
the example listed.
Subyhylum
n example.
the groups
Type
lation
the group
Class Pisces
f
fishesEtroplus
Echeneis,
Class Amphibia
syll
yop
Clnss Reptilia
included
in
the Pre-degree
phibia. Examples. Ichth-
phorus.
29
Avet
A Type Pigeon-Adaptations for flight in birds-Exapples of-Birds
Aptoryx, Peacbck, Woodpoeker, Kingfisher, duck, vulturo,
-Struth6,
parrot
Class Mammalia: Type-Rabbit
Class
E
pouch
-flying
egg laYing mammall kangaroo (as a
ng (as aquatic mamr_rals) Bat (as a
(as arborcal mammals)
Horse, Rhinoceros, Deer, Pig (as ungulates)
Tiger, Lion, Seal (as carniveres; Elephant. (as a proboscidion)
]ss'Pr;cr ll Noncbordttr
No of hours available: 90 hours theory & 60 hours practicals.
Candidates are expected to have a thorough knowledge of the types
Sccond
coming under the pre-degree syllabus.
A Detailed study of the structure and life history
types (65 hours;
of
the following
Pdrameciurir, Trypanosoma, Hydra, Aurelia, Fasciola, Ascaris,
Nereis, Prawn, Fresh water Mussel, Starfish.
Classification: (25 hours)
ilassificatioi up to classes. Characteristic features of each class,
and the salient features of the follorving examples to be taught
Economic Importance to be stressed in the case of the relevant
examples.
1 Phylum
nympha
2 Phylum
ntamoeba, Plasmodium, Trichoa.
salia, Rhiz stema, Sea Anoemone,
3
4
5
6
ytilusl Chiton,
, lmention may
can animals)
Phylum Echinoderrnata. Brittte star, sea urchin, Sea cucumber,
seablilly.
Hours of study per week
lst year
4 hours per week
2nd year
5
hours per week
30
B. Se. Zoology Subsirliary Practicels
Disscclloas and Mounlings
Earthrvorm
Alimentary canal
Nereis
Moumting of body setac spermatheca
Mounting of Para podium Prewn-Nervous system
Nervous system
Cockroach
Illounting of appendages
Female reproductive system Salivary apparatus
(slide mount)
canal T.S. Through pericardial region
Ventral aerta and afferent branchial arteries Brain
Mounting of placoid scales
Arterial system on one side Vth cranial with root
9th cranial merve and lst spimal nerve with roots
Brain
Hyoid apparatus in situ
Mounting of pectoral girdle
Mounting of pelvic girdle
Fresh water mnssel Alimentary
Shark
Frog
Study of the following slides and specimens
Phylum Protozea:
Noctiluca, Paramocium, Varticella
Phylum Codenterate: Hydra, Hydra T.S. Oboliea-colony, Obelia
a, Physalia, Jelly fish, Sea ano-
-meduss
,mone,
Madripera, Ephyra,
&
scyphistoma
Phylum Platyholminthos: Bipaluim or any Planarian, Fasciola, Fasciola T. S. Redia, Cercaria; Taenia-entire
Taenia-scolex and Taenia T.S.
Phylum Aschelminthes: Ascaris-entire-Male & Female, Ascaris T.S.-
Male & Female
Phylum Annelida
Phylum Arthropoda
Phylum Mollusca
Nereis entire, Earthworm entire, T. S.,
Hirudinaria.
Prawn- externals, Cockroach-externals, sacculira, Crab, Centipede, Scorpion, Mosquite
larva, Butterfly larva.
Fresh water musseI externals, shell inner
view; Mytilus (perna) Pila, Sepia; Octopus,
Chiton.
Phylum Echinodermata Star
fish, Brittle, star, Sea urchin,
sea
cucuimber, Sealily.
Phylnm Chordata:
Subphylum Urochordata Ascidian
Subphylum cephalochordata Amphioxus-entire & T. S. Through pha-
rynx
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Amphibia
Electric ray, Sardine, Clarias, Saccobranchus, Hippocampus, Echereis.
Ichthyophis or Uracotl,phlus, A Urodele,
Rhacophorus, Bufo
31
CIass Reptilia
Class Aves
Class Mammalia
Osteology
Calotes, Draco, Enhydrina, Naja, Bungarus, Viper, any chelorian
Quill feather, beaks & feat of two different types of birds.
Bat & another mammal
Shark-a vertebra
Frog-complete skeleton (skull-dersal &
vembral views only)
Pigeon-Cervical vertebra Pectoral girdle,
Synsacrum Rabbrt-Atlas, Axis, Theracic
vertebra, Scapula Os-innominat
Practicrl Examioation
I Dissections: Two dissections-a major &
2 Spotters: Five items (3 marks each)
3
Practical
minor
Records
Marks 45
Marks 15
Marks 20
FIELD STUDY
Field collections-5 marks
Field record rDiary) 5 marks
Students shoulil have completed at le:st seven days
trips or tours.
of field
study
ment should certify that the collection made by cach student is bonafide
Collections may be made from laun quadrates, Gardens, ponds
decaying wood/bark of trees, estuauies, sea and forest, mollusean,shells
insect pests, corals etc can also be submitted. Each student should
submit a field Record based on the field study brief account of the
ecological, morphological, and biological data of the specimens.
cuP/89/84/s00
Fly UP