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Document 1734994
,
syLLABus FcR poLyMER .HEMrsrRy
-a
x-.
MArN (tll1d*)
J
Paper I - Theoretical and lnor-qar - lhentistry-l
60 Hor.t
Atom
'
24
Horrr^s
ic Stnucture
'I lntr^oduction - Development of atomic theory (t hour)
2 D ischar^ge tube experimeni,s - Determinat ion of ef :nr,. D i::overy
of fundamental particles-electron, proton, neutron, positron
nleson, nutrino, antinutr^ino, their charge and mass (S hrs. )
3. Rutherford model of atom-particles scattering-defects of the
model Quantum theory-E instein's rrrodif ication-Hydrogen
spectrum-Ba lmen ser'ies-Ba lmer f ormtl la-Ry dberg formu la , R itz
combination principle-Bohr's Postulates-qua'ttisation of
irr the
a ngu lar- momentum-Ca lcu lat ion of rad ius of orb it
in
of
station.l",'states
Hydrogen atom-Calculation of energy
Emission
sp€ctra
hydrogen atom-Electronic transition
Hy drogen
number, wave length of
f requency-\!ave
extetrsionsommerfeld's
specira-Limitation of Bohr^n theory,
inadequacies of Sommerfeld's model-Ouantum nrlmbers
principal, azimuthal and magnetic quanturn nrlmbers,
Zeentann effect and spin quantum number-s-Parrli's ex.clltssiorr
(S hrs.)
principle.
L.
s matten welve concept-the part ic le and wave
nature of electrons Como'on effect Photo electric ef fect.
de-Brog lie'
'',,,
,.,,'iI', I
Angu lar-orobab ilit5r-slrapes 6r s i
cirr-rz€S-i1 aoia i probab irty.
p, and <J orbitals v"'i"l': propei^ symmeiry repnc'sen'.artion norlal
,
r., ,r, .-
, .- ,..r,,,,1-i-,
-'.--, ,l ,lr'
,,',.=,I
of or-'bitais-fiiiirrg up-LOrrIigr-rraiir-rrl ()r'
atoms Aufbau pr^inciple rule of maximunt mr-rltiplicily,
stab ility of comp letely f illed ancl ha lf f i I led orb ita ls.
(S hrs.)
piai.re-repi'esei-r'raIiorr
5. Automic Nucleus-Nuclear forces-N lP natio-Natur^al radio-activity
modes of decay-Theory of radioactive disintegration-Rate of
Nirtta I
I ife-Ge iger
ha lf
constant-The
irseries-Svnthet
ive
ioact
I
ad
i
ibr
ium-R
le-Rad
ioaci
ive
equ
ru
protorr,
tlsing
Transmutation
radioactivity
elements-Ar itifical
Nuc lear
Part ic le ar cl nutnons aS project iles
Deuteron,
borr
isotopes-Car
r'adio
of
licat
ions
equrat ions-Radio-isotopes-,\pp
I
lar^
energy-Mass
ste
energy
dat ing-Nuc iear
dat ing-Rock
dec ac y-Dec ay
def ect-b
\.-
inding ener-gy.
(7 hrs.
)
ai
- t-'I
Dstect ion of isotop€s by Aston's mass
.pec t rum-sep arat ion of isotopes us ing e lectro
9aseous and thermal duffusion methods.
6
ll
Per iod
.
ic
c lass
SPeCtrograp: tiiS,
magenet ic ri- -.;, I torjs
(f trrs. )
if icat ion
of periodic tab le As an introduct ion on ly,
(t l'rr. )
2. Mose ley' s work on X-rays-Atomic Number- I ts
importance_The modern
per iodic Law The long form of periodic
(tUpaC convention)
table_
C lass if icat ion lnto s, p: d, f block
elements General str,r. llrre.
I
3.
Deve lopment
Periodicity of properties-Trends in a peniod and gnoup
reference to the fo low ing proper-t ies - Atom ic .rad i i ion ic with
rad i i
,
Atom ic vo lume, ion isat ion energy-success ive
ion isat ion energ ies,
electron aff inity and electr<.r negativity.
(3 hns.
,
)
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
(Zt, Hrs.
)
lectronic theory of valency due to Kossel and Lewis. octet
.'le ionic bond, covalent bond and co-ondinate
bond ac_corcJing
to classical concepts-conditions for^ the forrnation
bonds-Characterist ics of the three types of compounds of the
le
electrovalency-inentpair
effect_Enenget ics
of 'ariab
ionic
E
hnn z-t P.^.- -, r-! -.!.--.-.
.1----:_-j.+iE+<;"
-_ ._
.
ttrrt't
rJ( rl(-r>'
;,*,
+._.-E-.
*-
.
, ',uuir.,r >
^
rrtiittenc
(5
L-c
ino
\
Potent ia I energy diagrams for the intenact ion
of two hy drogen
atoms-bcnd length, co_va lent radii, bond onder,
bond strength
and bond ang les-inadequancy of octet nule to explain
molect_rlar
shaS-re
=
Valence bond rnethod of overlap- of half filled Atomic orbitals
leading to bond format ion-factors gove.n ing
extent of or,u ep l3p
s-S, s-p. p-p oven rap nepresentat ion of mothe
recu res r ike H2, F3,
Hl ,02, N2-sigma and pi bonds-rimitations ro exprain
the shape
of
mo lecu
les.
(t, hrs. ),
concept of hybr id isat ion-ground state electron ic conf igur at ion_
p.omotion of electrons to excited state spr sg2, sp3,_dl
sp} dz
propert ies of hybrici or^b ita ls-s-character and p
character_vsEpR
eometry ofmo lecu les_CH{
sNc tzt XeF2, PC 1J\r
.
1
_:3:_
a
5.
n6r, of va lence bond theory_lvic,y ip. r;;.r6 i)r'trital lltrrtr.t1r'',o and ant i-bonding orbita ls_olectr.,. -, rlr:rrs,ity irr tlrr,
internr,rclearr region-addition
and
sut-rrr
A.O.
r.rsl,r!.1
Dcs ignat inn of N4.O. , energy sequence_eleci.ro,
rrrrlf iqq-.1 ..trat iort Of
r ; r3cip1111;1
bo161
r-Jiaton ic
i
_,+
--__._
,r.,, lcc
11
_-_
^2'
z, fu,; *€r,n, o2,oi,l=.,
leq srcli .rs Hl U^ H(z,
Erirlar-,aiion of boncJ or^dei and magnetic prope,r-..ies
il-re lict:i of M.O apprcact1.
6.
Nt,
\-lcl
arb.rv'c irr
(
lli rir-ocler-, bcncl - intei^ molecuiar ancJ , ,.a
r-rlar: with
c\an'ple.
Hycirogen br^idge boncj in
d ibor ane-Meta i , rr
bo.c-eiectnon pooi theony and explan.:tion of c_onrluctivity,
ma I ieeb iiit-v,
clirct ilitrz-va lengy
bond
t[-reor5,
ancl M.O.
tl-ieor-5,-Resonance theorl,-l I lustr^at. J b),
.1 - N
NO, NO CC co^ No
2
Grn<li t ions
ei!
of resonance
5 I lrs.
lV
Co-ordinat ion Chemistry
[3rrl-r
le
r - i,
:::ic:.
sa
lts
...:
ana
.o.i1n 1.,]:
1 ,:a-ir-ir_ri
a,-a-,^!
,-- -1.- t,iJ^ - '- ^*l
tsrjr;r€il:....<:;-;:rt-.:
-
ic.i-ti:.:,Iicl-.:,
li.1,
lll-r'i..,
Ce,-or^din.:tion. Co-r:r..cit.taticn pc:,.licr.,,poli.,,-,rr isatiorr ainr; Lrrrl<aqc:
isonrer- isr Thc,oi'-ies of l^.onding e>:p la inccJ by v.r lorrr:c I>orrrj ll-rorrr.r.r.
Appirc.rt i!j:) of con.rpleres in qualitative
V
6i,u, quantitative Analvsis.
-
idat ion St-le-Ox idat ion Number rzar !=b !e O:_r icj;i ir-:i-i S.tait:S
: 't cr' .' -rC--t,Oi,--,et,f -liit- cultLcpt-vXl{]atlOn nUrytber C()ftcei)t
- Balanc.ing Redox reaction by combination of half reactions rr-sincl
ion-electr^on method-Reactions involving
r\
Ox
:-J^r:-.-
n F.2*)
qualitative
Sr,'stenrat ic
conrpouncJs
sa lts conta
r"3t, sr,2t,
s.4
\,
I;
t
-KMNo4,Fe2
ltf , OoIHZ O2 lonic e';.lations for r" rical rear-tions
l),s is.
o
frr>rrr
ng of simple compounds the follov,,irrg tv1rr,[lirrnr-y
tnioLrs types-Oxy-ac ids, ac id ha lides, O" .y ac_ir) sa lts,
S two or more cationic species-Acid salts, hyclrates.
(5 l-rrs.)
i
v
-i4:-
!
ivlar-i-r s
:
CJ
O,restirrn Paper
Ser I i,r'i l.
Nrrocel
I
16 c;rresi i()i-r (oiri of f'T
to be answerocl eacr, car^rY,'^,9 2
rrr
I
arks,
30 M;rrks
Si'r t i,^,;r
il'
i.ns
(r_.rri
of 6) ta ber answei ed each car-ry ing 5 .marks'
20
Mar'[<'',
Sec'
\.
L
f/t,'vLs
ir,r,s, (c,t,t of 4) to be answerecl 'ach carry ing lO rnark s'90
T,lt a |
70
Ma rl< s
Text Bccks
C()ntpanion A.L. Chernictrl bonding Tata Mc. Grar'v Hill'
3r'll a.F . arncJ Latt Modern approach to lnorganic
l.
2.
Ct'tertrislrS'
n L "r-irltln.
3. r-olJ .D. fr',.' lqg I rrc;r-E..'.nicChernistry E.L.F'S'
L. (:i ir-i.rti, L.s. FUncar-,nenta I concepts oi I norgarr ir cl'r''ryris,tr'.,'
l'.rrlrrrl-.rrsl.ra Co Lt.i., Tokya.
5. l,/, r-rcll i l',1 Ketir S.F.A. anci Tecjder. J.Nr. Vr'cnr-y l'i-rr-'rrr;' V''ilrry.
6. B,-,.,,.. . G I . A nc_.\\, qir icie to Mocjei-n Va lency Thecrv Lonqnt irrns.
7. Ciitlori A.F. a,nci Wilkinson G Basic lnorganic -;iemislr-v lnier- 'ic!-tr c
r.. Pncs:,.
(,.';1.: 5r,a': S lnor-c:,l^,ic iea(:.,crls and sir'
8r ti ic'rv. oa)'i rt
1i.
i-';'-r-eilng
L (.-liese
i..-.r':.-.:.ai:y
v: I
ijoi'IlDa\/
-
.,2. Pirr^i anrj Shanm.a -t;,xi Ror-lk of lnorganir: Chemistry Nagirr
an(J
Cornpany.
13. llrrar;krr G S Theoritical Pi^,nciples of lnorqarrir- Clrcrt i'-.try l;tl;r
N(egrr.' Hiil.
iL- Rar: C N ii Univei^si'.5' General Chemistry Vikas'
15. Sor-,i P L Text Bcol< of lnorganic Chemistry Su,tairt Cl-r;:: rl ;lrrrl Sr, '
+ q--10 \'e-5;r:: -\8': ;-,.. D-o-}. ':' i--a':,1' irvu A'-,=ir:i: 3'l'-PSr* *+" &:';
Reference
Eo':L<:
Cottcr''r F3 z 3 \Y: ik inscn G Aova;,ced
Sc ience.
i
I
n Organ
ic Chemistry
I
nter
2- iieslop R B ancj Rcbins('-' P.i-. ln Organic Ctrenristry [: lsr'vic'iry
ln O
nic- e' -rnisiri' Vc. i
3. Phiiips C.S.G a.nd \Aiiil.ams R.J.P.
t,
.
ll Clarendor,.
T I ;r Organ :'-
Me i ier
Chem
isiry
5.Sencierson R.T in or qanic Chemis'lr^y P'-,ein
6.. llesrile R J l\rioleciriar Geoi';retry Van Abs
F'
o
__.q.
-APER II- ORGANIC
CHEMISTRY_I
i'lote
t'
t, o rr,n*
Stucie;'ris are to be tr aineci
in working out probrems invorving
formul."
o,..,-ti" basic o; oata pnovided
;I.",:i :::.:t"=:.".,r."ia;
;;;;:::iir';.=::fi[".
3'
4'
;1,
e expected to be derived onry
in
cases
I::::i"::tI= "t reactions are expected onry in cases specificary
interpne-at
:l::';::':
ion or the
neact iv
un.tn';tl"lul.=,-.,"."1,-::l-o:n-!lvbridisat ioi-,
ity or
of
runct iona r
onb i:a
g.,v
is in
tJt
sroups
,^7:",..
- ^ I ICLr,--wi;
^^.
ci
ispiacei-,*renis
-
I 11......
DOn(;c
ct i'-','i.t\.,' -l ly ijrttEeii
F- i
is
i-;.. 1,.i
i^
r.^a=>
in
rno,".ul:r anc thein
cunsequences-induci ive,
ef;ec-s-Hyperccnjugat ive effect-ote;-ic
mesome_ric
"r..;::;;l;.
effects_l r rusirai rons.
(7 Hnr,-. I
til
r,.
,
__ _.Jf lv,l ,O or gan iC neaCt
i
ron
mecha:'r lsms_C leavage of
sir,gle
>;ng ie
bond
bon
c'
the
Hcrrolyt ic
and
hetenolyt ic
rad ica ls-Ca: bon ium ions
f iss ions
Free
, ca
ilustrat ions_Ment ion of types of
organ ic
l,::"bhflions-!
!^eact ions-addit
ion,
e I im inat ion,
subsi iiut ion
reaniangement ( rnechan isn:s
and
not
expected
reege;i:s-eleciroph i les
hene)Types
of
les,,
nuc
nu( ie:ph
i les,
=li'r'111".,,
free
ca rb. nes-E i ei-nen t a ;-y
rad
ica
ls
and
,
i iea _co, i
""r", "r;T step.
iv
(z
hours)
'ocarbons: Genenar methods
of prepanat ion and genera
propent i
of a lkanes, a rkenes .nJ- u-trvnes-React
iv ity of r o, 20 and
.jo carDo s-conjugated, cumurated
unJ"i=ot.t"a doubte uonas_exampres_
prepanat
Hy
r
st ilbene,
'J."^,'i,:".'.:?ii';;i
"::ffi#:s
of r,
s-J,t.oi6n",-
;;o;;;;
-:6: et ic petrol
Coa ltar
dist ill_
lene, naphthalene, anthracene rcJ
ert ies-Structr.Jre
of
benzer,re
D iphcny I methane, Tripheny
,
I
Mechanisrn of addition to alkenes-Electrohilic
and free racJir_al
tvpe-s imp le examp res-Markown ikof f
's ru re-perox ide ef fect.
Concept of aromat ic ity Benzenoid and
non_benzenoicl <rrornat i<-s_
Hrrckel's rule aromaticiiy in cationic and
anionic state ferrocene.
ilic
subst itut ion-transit iorr
st;rl(,
ene.
methods of preparat ion anc.j
heory-Theory
of
stra in less
ax ia I and equator- ia I [onrjs_ I
, 3
nformat ions
of
mor.rosr_rbst itr_ltcrJ
compounds_ i I lustnated by mrrscone
(
r^!
Ofe6anati..n
tert iar'r.'j ha
lr,.,o^
,1,:v:,_ii'euirilJuuirus
^^,-^^,..--,
ge''Yr
and vic dichloricjes.
Nuc leoph i I ic subst itut ion
react ions-Ef fect
of
reac t i v i ty-Steneochem istry
I nvers ion .
srJ!'
rc:
f
\
s:-\)1;rrgf-ali
fnClfln4c
nf
"'-';i-;'-'Ltut
pr irriei-) ,
?rtrl
-.u-{)rlciar''r'
..t. '
.v'|
oT
atkaneS_Vinyl
chlorirje
_ allyl
cl-rlorii-.ler
in alkyl halj'des-mechanism of Srrl <rnrJ 3rr2
stnucture
of
a lky I
group
on
of nuc leophilic subsiitut ion _ Wa tclen
Mecl'ranism
Saytzef
?n L.^,,--
of elim.inat ion neactions in alky I halides
's rute - elim inat ion exarrp le.
(E
I ancj
E2)
Ary I l-ra I ides - ch roro , bromo and iodcbenzens
, ch ronoto ruenes , bertzy
chloride, benzar chroride
and benzotricilorioe
E\r:rarati<;n_Gener.rr
w ith ha tosen in ir,e nu(: te,rs
ancr ha tosen
i;Tl,:"::o:t.ll,oJocarbons
r
Mechan
ism of
nuc leoph
ilic
subst itut ion
involv ing benzyne intenmediate.
in ary I
ha lides-subst itut ion
(12 houns)
3
,',^
-i7ivI
o'-cl.rnomenta llic compounds: preparat ion,
synthet ir. rrs.s
Slrttc tt' ;' of Grgnard Reagents-org.:nc>zine (-c)rnr)orJnr1s-.Rr,:f.rrrra
reac tir
f); qanoritr-rium compounds-their^ uses-Leacr
;,r
j
tetraethyr.
(0 hours)
Vll Hydroxy compounds:
Alcol'rols-classification-nomenclature-isomerism-general
methocJs r:f
r)reparat ion and genera r propent ies of pr imary, sec()rrcr.rry
an(,
te.ti.:ry alcohols-distinction betw:en 1" rzi, 3o .arcohorsuses
Reactivity of R-OH in lo, Zo, 3o, alcohols illustratecl br.,
action of
nteta l, organic acid and harogen acid Ascent and
descent
in
arr,e11.r;
series-Mechanism of alconolic fermentation-Porvder alcohol-l-Jnsatrrrat.,rj
a lc<''ho l-a I ly I a lcohol-cyc rohexanor and benzy r a rcohor-rnr-,rrt
ir.,rr orr ry.
I
Phenols Gener a I methods of preparat ion of monohycJr ir_ phenors_
Mantrfacttrre of plrenol-properties and uses-pr€paration of r:l ihyrlrir
J-rhenols
and
trihydric
phenors-uses
(propert ies
n()l
e\pec ted ) -C reso I s-Nap lrt ho ls-sy nt hes is on I y .
Nittophenols-p icric acid-aminophenols-pheny I esters-pheny I ethers
(anisole, phenitole)-[)neparation-Mechanism of Fries Rearranc]erront,
C la ison rearrangernent .
Mention of name reactions such as Kolbe-Schmidt, Reimer-Tiernanrr arrrl
h react i<;ns expected.
( tz flrlr 16. )
Hcresc
V I I I Ethers and Epoxidies:
Nomenc latur-e, isomenisnr and pr-ep;irat i6rr
t'rf etl-rers Preparation of vinyl ether-Vanillin-General -r;ri-r iriir< t,{
I C t-t()UrF
!
'
xi
carbony I
compunds: Nomenc rature of a rrrelrydes arrrr
ll^.1lzolnnac
|
- -ri'\t-ivi iL.5 n^^^^\rui ici ci Ii ivietilOCjS
pr-eparat
<.li
ion ancJ gener a I pr6pert ies 6[
alrJehydes and ketones with special reference to tl-re formalrJehyrle,
acetaldehyde, cr^otonaldehyde, banzaldehyde, cinnamic alcJehyrlr:,
clcetone, butanoue-2,
acetophenone, benzophenone, c]s in11es.
s.r iir ',,i.rriehvr-ie an- Cour''=-rir;^.^ntlLlil .:., i- ... ;..:ci_.,._, .:,,jf,,r <rS
R<'senn tlnci
recllrction,
Etard's
reaction,
Scrr,melet's rlethr>rl .
Gattermann-Koch synthesis. Cannizzaro reaction, Clasisen Schrrirlt
reaction, Perkin's reaction, Claisen condensation, Knoer,,er-ragel
react ion expected.
Mechanism of pinacol-pinacolone rearrangement anrl Bcc.krrr;rrrrr
rearrangement expected-Tests to distinguish betw:en a lrJehyrles ;rnrl
ketones.
( tZ Iro,rrs
)
X Carbohydrates: Classification-manufactuse, reaction-= anrl r-r ses ctf
glucose,
fructose,
sucrose
maltose
ancj
lacto.-ce-[?irrr]
structures-Conf igurat ion of monosaecharides viz. threoser e tr\,tlrr()qn,
arab inoser mannose, g lucose and fruetose-Ascent ancl clescent ip
a I doses- I nter-convers ion
of
ketoses-en imrisat ion-mutarotat ion-E lementary
a I doses
study of starch
cellulose (including industrial uses; stnucture not expectecl.)
( l.
Afrrl
ernrJ
houns )
2
I
I
l
i
-:8: PAPER
III -
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
(gs hrs)
Not e
Group discussion means discussion based on physical pnopert ies such
lon ic
atom ic
and
va lency ,
conf igurat ion,
as e lectron ic
radit-ionisation potential, electron affinity, electronagativi:y, and
Oxiclation States, of the elements; Comparison of physical and
chemical proper^ties of hydrides. Oxides, helides and oxv-acids of
the elements: Similarly in properties and gradation in properties so
as to justify the pcsition of the elements as a group in the periodic
table and diagonal relationship whereven applicable.
Hydrogen: Position in the periodic table, manufacture ancl uses,
preparat ion, propert ies and uses of a llotropes and isotopes of
hydrogen-Hydrdes:- Classificationr preParation; properties and Uses.
(S hrs. )
l.
ll.
Chemistry of 's' block elements:
a) The alkali metals: Group discussion, comparison of proper-ties
of ox ides, hy drox ides, carbonates and b icarbc nates. At-rnonrna
Behaviour of Lithium Alkali metals ln liquid ammonia as
(S hours )
reduc ing agents; photoc lectr ic ce I I .
I
b) Alkaline earth neials: Group discussion, comparison of beryllium
rvith other elements and aluminium. Prepar^ation, properties and:
.:::p:-
II
t
a)
I
i
'
Chemistry of t p'
.:.
,-,:--t
1'..:. ,i:: i;:-
i!r,.
i- -:
-
b i<rck eiernenis:
The bor^on farnily: Grcup discussicn, relationship cf borcn'"vith
propent ies and uses of boron tr iox.i rle,
s i I icon; preparat ion,
boric acid, borax, boron trifltroride, boron nitride, diborane anrl
bcnazols, structure of diborane; Lithium alurminiumhydride anrl
Jpi-ope,- Llaies
ii(r.oi-iyoi-ioe--Daepai-a'tiort:
and uses of hh lides and Cata lyst:
t)vuiLiiii
-^-J:.,---.
test
b
fqll:.;
t-^-^L.,-l-:
arl(r
r.Jse5: r)r)r (lx
L)eaa()
Group discussion I a I lotropes of Carbcn, their
structure and pr^openties.- Carbides and their classification;
Preparat ion, propert ies, structure and uses of Carbon monr>r icle,
Carbon disulphide, silica, silica gelt, Carborundum, ancl silir:ones.
Glass-types ard manufacturel silicates-classificatir>rr, exarrtples
( a hrs)
and structune.
)The Carbon f amily.
c)
Group discussionl allotropet of
The nitrogen Farnily:
phosphorous; Preparat ion, propert ies, uses and strur-ture of
( including
anions) ammonia: hydnazine, hydrazoic acirJ,
hydroxylamine, nitrous oxide, nitric oxide, nitnogen clioxicle,
-:9: -
a
pento\icie: nitroLls acid and nitric a(
Phosphor^oUS ,r- iox ide and pentox
phosphoric e id, meta ancl pyr(
phosphates, Pr-, s.. :ine, arsinc and st ib
nitrogen cycle i..,)d inorganic fertilizr
solrrent: Mirnor test for arsenic and at
i
cl)
:id, nilrites arrrJ nilrates.
de: phosp J-orotrs .1r irl,
'phesphoric acirJsr arrrl
tine, f ixa t ion of n itrogen ,
)rs- Liqu id ammon ia as
atinony pc,isons. (tO hrs.
)
Tlrc Orygen f amily:
Group discussion, allotropes of Oxygen and
lpl-rur: Prepar^at ior-r, propent ies,
USg5 and 51pg6[rlFe of
hydrogen sulphide, sulphur dioxide,
sulphurous ac icl, su lphur'
trioride, sulphuric acid, thionyl Chlor i&, Chlorosulphonic acid
Su lphury I Ch lor ide, O leum, Permono an rd per clisu lphur ic ac ids,
Sociium th iosu lphate: hyposu lph ite and metab isu lph ite-Ox ide:-. ancJ
their c lassif icat ion-uses of seleniun'.
Su
(
e)
f
B
l-ro,
rrs
)
Tl're halogen family:
of
Group discu rssion; peculiarities
f luorine,-Preparation,
pnoperties, uses r and structur-e of hydrides
of ha logens: Oxides and oxy acic js of Chlorine, iodine
pentoxide, iodic acid and per
iocii c acid; l-rypochlorites,
Cl-rlorates, perchlor^ates, per^iodates anc J bleaching pr>wcler -Basir
n.tt(rre of iodine, interhalogen Corrpour rds; pset-rcloha loqens anrJ
(B h.rrrrs)
polvhalicle ions.
) The Zero Group cf elements: Gnoup c Jiscussion; importance ctf
electronic configuraticn, Occurrence, iisolation and separation
(Charcoa I
adsorpt ion method on ly )
and uses-preparat ion
properties and structure of holides. Oixides ancl Oxylralides of
lV Chemistry of 'd' block
elernent.s:
I Character^ isi ics: Group discussion o f (a) Copper-Silver
golcj (b) Z\nc, 6adrniui-r. and mercur)' (c) ir^on, cobalt, nicl<el
Genera
/;\
il,r
.\--:.-
t..'!'
l: i\rturtt
dli(,
ar
iat irrurrr.
V Chemistry of rf' block clements:
((
ancJ
an.J
heu".s_)
r
Electrcnic configuration, Oxidation States, ionic- -adii,
contraction- ts causes and consequences: Colour anrJ magnetir.
prcpert ies c.f their ioqs and Chemical realctivityof tl-re <--lerrtorrts.
Extraction of lanthanldes from monazite sancl (.ion excharige rnethorle
on y).Mine ral sands of Kerala occurrence, composition an(r their
in portance.
lantl'ranide
Actinides-Occurrence and preparation of transuranic elernerrts.
(
0
l'ror.rrs
)
-:
V
I
Genera
I princ ip les and
l0:
methoc1s
of extrar t ivr:
a
meta ls-ones
) OccurrenCe of
and
concentrat ion-slags and f luxes-refractories.
b
)
i-neta I lrrrgy:
- ',ods
of
t l-re
ir
Genena I methods of extract ion and ref in ing of meta ls inc lrtrl ing
Van Arke lp.ocess and Zone ref ining.
c) Extractive metallurgies and uses of chnomium, n,rnganese,
nickel, thonium, unanium and titanium-Manufacture of iron an<J
steel.
ci
Principles of extraction and uses of the followinq rare rrretals:
)
I Lithium from lep dolite (acid treatment on ly )
2 Ber^y lium from bery
3. Vandium fnom Su lphide ore,
4 Malyodenum from sulphide ore and
5 Tungsten frcm wolframite
I
Vll
Theoretical principles of qualitative and quatitative
(tS hrs.
)
analysis:
Applicaticn of solubility product and common ion effect: lnterfer"ring
acicj radicals and their elimination.
Primary standards and
standard solutions. Theor y of titrations involving acids ancJ bases,
permanganate, dichromate, iodine and liberated iodine-lndicators:
Acicl base, internal, external and adsor^ption indicators-Principles of
cclourrnetric estimations and complexometric titrations.
lr
Experirnetria i errors in quant itai. rve analysis and treatment of clata
Accuracy and pnecision, classification of ennors: Minimisation of
,
a-l?l-.a-r!^^
I rv,
vu
u! ivr i
^A
ur
...^:-L.
wElgl
rLs
cllluJ
of results and significant figures.
Vl
I
--^-llledSLjI'lfl9
VeSSelS.
Hf esefltal
lof)
(10 hrs.
)
I lndustrial chemistry
ar) Chemical industries in Kerale A brief study of factories in
Kerala where the following products are manufactuned.
(Location, raw matenials used, products, chemistry involved in
the product ion and uses on ly ) Urea, ammon ium su lphate
ammonium phosphate super phosphate of lime. D.D.T., BHC;
acids, alkalies, chlorine, Titanium dioxide, gl.-rss; Sugar,
a lcohol rayon and synthet i-- eJetergents.
b) Pollution of soil, ain and water by chemical industries anrJ their
prev€ nt ion.
c) Soil 'resting: deterrnination of PH; estimation of nitr-ogen ancl
phosphorous by colourimentric methods and potassium by flame
p hotornetry .
0 hour_. )
-:11:Test
Books
l. Companion /',.L.Cherrical bcnding-Tata Mc Grow Hill.
2. Bell C F..i,j
Latt: Moder^n approach to lnorganic
C]-remistry
Butterlvortlr, London.
3. Lee J.D.Concise lnorganic Chemistry, E.L.B.S.
4. Gi lreath E .S. Fundamenta I Concepts of I norgan ic Chem istr-y
Kagal<rrsha Co. Ltd., Tokyo.
5. Cotton A F and Wilknson - G. Basic lnorg.rric- Chemistry
6. Gorrld Evan's lnorganic r^eactions and structure, lnterscience
Press.
7. Parkes G.B. Mellors Modern inorganic chemistry ELBS
B. Part ington - Text Book lnorganic Chemistry ELBS.
9. Puri and Sharma. Text Book of lnorganic Chemistr y-Nagin artr) Crt.
10. Manku G.S. Theretical Principles of lnorqanir- Cl-rcmistry Tat:r lvlr
Grcw Hill.
11. Sori P.L.Text Book of lnorganic Clremistry Sulton Clrand anrJ
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Sons.
Vogel A.l.Text Book quantitative Analysis. ELBS
A.K. Dc. Environmental Chemistry Wiely Eastern LimitecJ.
[4.L. Jackson, soil chemical Analysis
Beer - Chemistry of soil.
Wilson: inorg.rr-ric- Cl-rernislr-y-green
Co..,
Longmanns
A.K.Barnard, Theoretical lnorganic Chemistry Tatrr-M.- Gr,:tw tlill.
l? .
18. cslcp and Robinson-lnorganic Chemistry, E lsevier.
E.cle. Barnett and C.L.
l-1
19.
and
F.A.Cctton
Wikkinson.G.Advancecj
Chemistry- ntersc ience.
Sanderson R.T. lnorganic Chemistry
lnr-.rrgarr ir,
I
20.
tr)^r)Etr)
iL
tU
- Reinhold.
,^Uer/l ,crr,\-/
DLt\/qlaAl
/o<
hre
I ll J. \/
\ JJ
I Gaseous State:
lcleal gas-gas equa..ion-gas constant-Kinetic theorS,-expression ftli ttlr'
p."=s,-.,ie-Der ivat ion of gaS laws Dev iat ion f rom irJea I tlehav irrrrr '
cqiiatlan Vanr,lc'i- Y"a ll
VanCcr \,'aal5
de ','i;i.icn.
Cou:es for
conStants-Limitations Of Vanden WaalS equation-the virial equation r>f
state-Critical phenomena Critical constants and their experimental
cleterminat ion. Relat ion between crit ica I constants and Vander Wa lls'
corresponding
of
state prirrciple
of
COntinuity
constants.
anrl
density
ing
limit
state
of
ion
equat
states-reduced
qases-Maxrt'ells
in
velocities
molecular
of
molarrnaSs-Distribution
ecluation Graphicai repreSentation of distribution of vel('( ities-RMS
mean and most probable velocities-Mean free path collisir;n ntJn'bor
collisicn frequency in a simp le 9as-heterogeneo(JS r-ollisir>n irr 't
rn
i<tu.e of
gases
7
P?
C
_:12:_
L iquef act ion of
demagnet isat ion.
I
V
I Propert ies of
aprour
tens ion-v
II
I
gases
Linde
and
\-
I
claude's
Pr(rcess adiabat
(
L
:
ic
tS trrs.
)
iqu ids
p r essure
isco_e iiy_f Iu
and
its
measuremen
idity ( r.ro'-.,p". ir"Lltu
f .",::i::::[j
srrrf ace
I
Thermodynamics_l
concept of temperature-different
forms of energy_The rmo clynamir_a
equiribrium crosed op€n .;; isorated
.u.i"r"=-"xtensive anrr intensi,ze
properties'
lsothermal-adiabati.-i.o.iI-lc-isobarir-r^(:riers.ir-rre
processes. Finst l;;
anr.r
therrnodynamics-inrernar
:::':t;:'o'"
";
changes
at
l,orume
process and constant
inax imu
ac.Jiabat
o
of
idea
I
gas-work
a:relal ion
!apac it' ar consta., "o.:=o='r":.t'i:rJ:::I:.j;".
cp
ancr cx .
j;;;
t
t;' der ivat ion and c
.Thern,c
basis of wonk
of
fon an iJ.rr gas-variarion
"rp-.,=Ln f9.
with temperature.
porv-io,i'i. sases-Eqrr ipart irof heat
:::,:;Jt'"=
ir>rr of
coef f ic ient-invers,.tXti.til"'.".:1".-.ln"mson
ef fecr-Jor.r re-Th.;rnsirrr
I
:J:?ilIJ-'E^,h.'[d, endotn":I''
reacr
ions.
rher,o
ii"=:':';;:":;;,;"J,];ir';;,.;::;_-,;:.".i"i::,lt':"'i_":1,.,
_ f1
.. _ _+-'
rh--^^-.
i rra.t ini-,!-srJ;-i ia;-ci
lV
rLrrr r''-:l'i uoir'i
eriiir-q le.-
",,;;;,-out.'
,
en.!
c-hernir a I
"",h.,J,,:
.r!rI I i:.:
I i ( I {!.I ,) y
()
t
Thermodyr-ram !cs_2
NeecJ for
the
second Law_Available
work_Spontan€()rJS arrrl
-"iLaw
:::X_11:1:^",.::^_=o..o.ur.:_seccnd
thermocrvn.am
i. c ru(rr_. rt(rt \
rra|rtL
-. ..,"-,,
_:
llrt'rnlooynamic scale o
^crrrr ancl its
pr.rrf
,. cntropy charrge in
d irreversib le rr_..==
nd volunre cJepencJence
es-their- s ign if icanr_e,
s.
C
ch.em ica
laus ius_C lapevron
;??";
J:;::,",ll;
"il
r potent i. r . uXi lT,,,l?,,Ii,. .iT,;::l;
so r id_so
r
io, =.i[,_T,;]:;:ri",,:jl,,l:;, ;j
thermodynamics. Absotute
entr^opy_Morar
:ntropy changes accornpany
ing chemica I reac.t io.,="ltrop),
( tO hrs. )
11
-: l3: -
a
V Chemical Equilibrium
Re'orsil'le reactions-Law of mass action-Eqt-riribriunr
c()nstants Ki,
Ke c-,I-r . i': r' and rHermocJynamic equ
ilibrium
constant
un its arrcl tr-..rr .rel'rt itrr- ';'actors inf luenc rng equilibrium
constant-Derivat
ion of ti-re
larv or mass act ion from K inet ic theory
and
thermor:ryhdn.r
ics
Erperimenta I ve-'f icat ir,n-Free
. i;;;'"
of
chenrica
I
react
ions_
reacI ions isotiierm-vani't Hoff".,".oy,
isochore. stancJar-d free cner-q1, ctr
r-eactions.
prcdicting
tl_re
influer _e
of
t.nrDerature-Pressure-concentnat ion c,iranges and
..rf
acrrJit
i.n
An
irrert
gas on the eqrriribr^irrm c,f the foilowing neactions.
,a? ' t2--, 2 Ht
9):
Nz '
2
' o2-'
(s
)
,to(n)
oz
(s)
2SO
+ 3H2 _._>
Nz
(s)
2
NH3
(g )<-
(g)
(-
2so3 PC 1r-r
Pcta
+ ClZ i
NZ Oo__,
zNO?.
PI i|rc ip lc
of
mob i re
equ i r ibr ium-Lechato r ier, s
pr irrc ip re
anrr
application to the above equilibrium Degree
rl issor.iation arr.l
of
rli.-qsociat ion constant
from density ,"J=r.",nents.
H.rrrrrrrnnorrrrr
ecluilibrium
in
solution-esterif ication-Heterogenr:orrs 1,.prili[.,rirrrrrDecompcsitionofsolidCaCo,->Cuo*Co,iNHarls->
./ tr
a-.
i<'ies of
iotr-Factors inf luencing the rate-rntc r,r1rr;rl
ratr.
constc-irl[ - 'I-eac'r
order ancl molecularity of reactions, 7-err>, f irst . i.,r-r
s.-,(()r)(!,
tlrir-<J anrJ fr^actiona! oi^der r-eactions-Ecl-rcrtirin fr,;.
ll rrr.rlr,r. r.r,;rr ri.rr
tt'ith same and different initial concetration of re.r(
[;r rrts-[-)r.riv;rtirrrr
of integr^atecl rate equat ions. Graphica I representat ion
int.rlratnrl
rate equat ion-Acid hydr-olysis of ester inversion of r>f
r ir,^
Srnn^if
ia=. i-- !.f
::irLrLi\-.i
. !
esipr-,
dea.cn:i:s'..i--..::i
iii
rrr.(rriill)()strt()il
r'ji-)' cl 2 reaction-Pseuclo unimolec lar reactions.
i,[
|.1
1l?,
Time for frarli,rr;rl
clranges. Kinetics of reversible, parallel ancl ao.="a,.,,,.,.,
r^e,cr(tiorrs.
[)eter^mination of onder Tnial-differential
nate e(]uatio.-franrl irrrral
c Irange and isolat ion method.
lnf luence of temperatr]ro orr thc, rato
Arrhenius equation-Graphical representation-Calculati.rr rtf
Arr.lr.rrirrt
parameters-Exp lanat ion for the inf luence-Energy t>l
.r,'
ivat
iorr-c'.lis
theory-Derivation of rate equation for seconc.l orr.ror- r-r,ar_tirlrr irrrr
fr orrr
collision theory-Transition state theory-catalysts
arrrJ
rtr
rilte
reactions-catalysts-homogeous and heteroqeneor.rs ralalysis
v.illr
examples-characteristics of Catalysis-interme-rjiaf r: (.()trrl)()tut(l frrr rrr;rti,rrr
theory-Absorption theory of catalysts -catalysis
r-rrrrl ;rr t ii,.-rli.rr
energv-Enzyme cata lysis and its characterist
ics.
(
15
l-rrs
-:
vil
t
14:-
a
istry
lnf luence
ofraCiat ion on
reac t ions ]_ t tht.rs-Draper-Law the
Law-Qua.r{,-,m
i-ate of
r,'::r-Lambertreac I ions plrr tor.frorrr i.al
Law,
E inste ins
react ions
Pr imany-Secondar.y
ion
16;"li;=;::T;:
o";;,,; " "',j i"','1"', J"o,iiZt,'o.,n,o
vt
t I tt
l"r:::1",
_o,.p
,,
I uc.'rescerlC€,
j?nr_i
ll". I
LE
dno
E[T::|:['":;;.'XTi',:I';,'iI"J-.:=':l:"
^ ^ ^rr-^"^.^1 ^ ::::iJ?tr;,'"1,"-.-;::Tiili:
introduct
ion
;-;.diar
ion chemistr-v and *re
ILlttrasoni.'
l:1*,...u *u,,u="".;'J;'Jn,,::,
errect or
.';:1i:"*.
(5 hrs. )
i
r
:lltr
V
III
Phys ica
I
pnopert ies
and
Molar refract ion
;if
Chemica
t ica
I
rmin'at
;*-'J:[-.','J:J
I
const itut ion
exa llat ion-App ricat
ion in srructrra
io., or'';,'o;remornent by temperat,re
ient number of prob lems to be' worked
out s r
Book s for det a i led st u dy
.
srrf f ic
lasstone and Lew is
I
G
2
AJMee
3
un
r
its t.,
physicat chenristry
I,1"r:",:
Physical :l
Chemistnv
Phys ica I Chemistr y As ian pr.rb
,
I islrers
D.:niels and Alberty
HOuse.
t.t-..^-.^
9
t0
ll
12
PAPER
V
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
95
I Solid State:
r-re ,secJ
Hr^s
_ II
-: l5:-
Br'lgq's methocl ,.r) .t inq crysta I methoc,
nrJ powrJsp-nrc,rt.rr>rl ,f
analy'sis' carcurat ir n ,ri Avogadro Number-density
.rnd mr>ran nrass
from crvstallograph
ta. Erucidation of structr.rre
of NaCr and
KC I fronr crysta liog,
ic data. Co_ordinat ion nt.rrnber_cub
ir_ ancJ
hexagonal crose pacr. 3-EffiCiency in crose packingTetrar-rer:Jr-al
Oc tahedra I
vo ids.
Sefecrs in crystals'_FrenkE I ;. ; Sc-hor anrJ
tky
clefects-stoichrometric and Nonstoichionretric
intrinsic ancJ etricsic conduct ivity n,- pJefects s mic.orrrhrctors
tv,pes.
Alloys
']l'r::'
ari'a.irges-ronic-convarent
',,,,,rcr,l;o,and
cr\ sta ls-c lassif
icat ion_examp les.
( 13
11
trrs.
)
Electrical conductance:
le'ctrol'sis,-products of erectrorysis-Faraday,s
Laws-Faracray,_sper, if ic.
i'a lent and molar conductance, their measurements-cel
Elfect of clilut ion on conductance str-ong and we;i< I .onstarlt.
ereclr-oryt.st_
Migration of ions-Transport Number-Det".i,i.atio.,
by
Hittr
i f,s ar-rrl
nror.ring bouncJary method. Arrhenius theory
E
eqtl
of elec.trolyt ir,
l rheory ( qua r itat ive) Debye Hrrcke
l.
onsagar
Eeuation (no cerivation) Activity, and actirzily
co-effi<-ierrt
.f
electroll,test. KOhlrauseh's Law ionic conclu.tanc.
Degree
crf
ionisation of n,eak electrolytest_solubility of sDaringly
soluble
sa its-ion ic product of water, conductometric
ions-s-t.o.g ac irls
with strong and weak bases, mixture oft itnat
strong
ancr weak
acicls-precipitation titrations-advantages lonic condr.,ctance
anrj
absolute veiocity of ions and its determination.
conciuct ion-Debye-Hucke
-r:r,,lih'--i-
Osii"'al'J's '.j iiution Lar..''-A.rrhenius, Lora,,ny-Bronsteri anrJ l-r,lvi:., r()r)r.\r\r
of acirl:. ancJ bases.
lr_rnisation of weark ac irjs arrrl rvr:al<
bases-PKa-PKb-common ion effect-sorubirity prodL.rct-Apprir_atirrrr
irr
a.(3 lysis-salting out soap solvy process-Hydrorysis
of
r1l
ail
types
.-'alts Degree of
ionstant
irs
retat
!r'drolysis-Hydrolysis
i.r,
r.
Krt-Deterntination of' de=rce ;f hva,.t,i.,.:s t-,
1. cr-.^:il
:. ar,,,
r:'- ' '-ution nreiirocs. pH-detenmination by conductance
ancJ
incj ic_atr.rr
nrethod' Buf fers-Buf fer capac ity on ef f ic iency-ca lcr-r lat ion of pl-l
rt{
Buf fens-Henclerson equat ion-AFp licat ion of br-rffers-J
heory
ct{
ar.ir)
l-ra-so
iniicators.
( ,: trr rrnr )
lV E lectromot ive force:
Electr:'cl-emical cells-Daniell
cell-r^eversible
nrrrl
irreversil-, le
cells-\\'es on-cadmium cell,single electr^ode potentials,
ele,ctrocherrir
al
series emf of cells - standand potentials and strl enrf of r-ells_Strl
hydrogen electrode-calomel electrode Types of electroc]e,s,
E lectr.r:Je
reaction-cell r eaction. Nemst equation for electnode
poiential
and
emf of cells IUPAC sign convention. Application of Gibb,s-Helm[-rolrz
equat ion to ga lvamic cer r.
ca rcu rat ion of
G,
H,
s and
equilibrium constant K from emf data. Concentration cells
Electror:le
r
-:
V
16:
v
-
a
( 15
Di
lute
So
hrs.
)
lut ions
entrat ions of solut ions in rolarity
r rnola lity, rnc)lef rar t irrrr [) ilutr:
solutions-colligative property_Rault,s
L.;.
Lorver-ing oI vaf)orrr
press,re measurement-ca lcu lat ion of
mo
lar
mass E levation of bo i I ing
proint-relat ion of lowering of
,rupor.- pressure. Ther modynamic..
cJerivat ion ca lcu lat ionof m"olanmass.
anri Lancrsbers,s method. -Depression Backr
in #:::,; .;?", ?i3:l?:Xr;:
Conc
lotr('ritrq of v'P' Tlrermooy.,u-n.',i.
der ivation calculation of rrr.rar.
Measrl.cment by Beckmann's and
m(-rss.
methods. osnr.sis osmot ic_
nressrrr'€, senr ir;ermeab le membrane,Rast's
its product ion. Measurement r>f
osrrrr)t ic pressure b-y Be.ke
ly and Hart ley' ; methocrs Laws
rt[ ()srrrrrt ir
Dress,re Van't Hoff's equation calculation
of
mclrar
mass.
Alrrr.rrrrrir
mola. nr(rsses-vanrt Hoffs factor-Degree
ancl ttr6,ip calculation from measurement of dissociat Ion and Assr,( iat i..,rr
of colligative proper ties.
r
- ll., :':= '
_:
v.,.u tv11r oPr ty
Cnll,'i'l-r
5rortr_rrue
sorutton_coloids
and
-
s(.rspension_r_omparison.
rvoprr ir
anrr ryoprrc>r, i<
:Jiiil;:' ";:o:;",:t
.il,'ll!:,^:^',n -;;;o
conr-;crrsar ion
."t"no"o:'.'-''-' ";r";i,tJj;;j'""
rJs
ic
oJ, .",=...,l,,,x1:,:T,:
;Jl:
propenries or conoicis-rynda,
:l;::iI:,iarvsis -!-I:llltration.
erecr ,-o:,-,ics;s
=.:;:,:?:,,'""::;:::::iT.r,
electri< I cjouble
Iayer- ZLta potenrial r"T:;:.:::: o.,;i";.':?rffi;
sh'lz r'' \- pr'oteci ive .olrids-Gord (qruliruli.ye) Coa!utation.t_1ardy
numbe.-EMu rsions_oir in warer
and
,'.ater
rn
oil
types.
Ernulsifying
agen t s-Ge s_ i n,,. ib i t ion_s5,neres;
'm
is.
I On ic
colloids. Absoi,l ion-gases on sorids-sorutes i sce I les_App I ic a t ion of
on sorir-Js. Absor-pt irrn
isothermq-Der ivat ion
of
Langumu ir
absorpt
ion isorhornr its
Llmitat ir:n-Gibbs
adsorption
isotherm
'
statement
exp lanat ion-chroiratog.aphy-Adsor pt
arrrl
ion
part
-,-.''J'
it
ion
Chr.maroqrapr-ry
gas and
liquid
chromatognaphy_thin
--J lYt 't' rr I rr I
laper arr rJ paf)er
chromatography_Rf
I
va lues.
V
I
I Phase Ru le:
I
( rs- ho*rr)
ved. Ther mooy,namic derivat ion of
n system-Sulphe: system, SolirJ_
e eutect ic systc,rrs_Ag_pb system
water system_Frec,z ing m ix tt_rres_
,
!: l7:thernr'rl analysis solid liquid equilibr';r involving compound
formation
tt'it[-rcongrtrent and incogruent melti J points-Ferric
cl-rloride-woter
s\"stem-socl ium sr-r rphate tt/ater
- r,rid-gas system decorrposit ion
-systeni
of caco3 and crehicir ation cf cuso+. 5H; o, Deriquescence
and
ef f lorescence- Gas riqu id
system. Absorpt ion coef f i^ ient-Henry,s
Larr'-Liqtric'J Liquid Systems-completely miscible ideal
and non ideal
soltltions'
Rar'rlt's Law-its application-Vapoun pressure-composition
< r:r-r' es-TonrDeratLrre
Compos it ion
curves-f ract iona l
rJ st i l lat ioncleviation from Rot-llt's Law-Azeotropic mixtures-partially
miscible
lirlrricl: critical
solution temperature-conjugate layers immissible
liqrricis-stearn distillation-Mo1.wt from steam disttiliation-lnflLrence
inrprrnitl' on critical solution temper^ature-Graphical represen.r.ation of
rtf
three comp()nent ..q)'stem. Nernst distribution Law-Derivation
frr>rrr
phse rr-rle and thermodynamics-Lrmitations of tr-re raw.
Appriratir.rrr.-,
of tlre latv to studyassociation and dissociation-sc-rlvent
extractirrn
h),cirorvsis of sarts-the quiribirum Kr+14 = Kr 6.
( i5hc.,.^s)
Note : -srf f ic ient number of
be lrserJ .
Books
prob lems
to be worked
Sl Units
o(rr
to
for detailed study:
. Glasstone & Lew is - E rements of phys ica l chem rstry
2 A) Mee-Phys ica I Chem istry
3 Deniels and Alberty-Physical Chemistr y (Asian p,rt>lishinq ll.rsn)
4 Moore-Pl-ry,_< 1.u ; Chem istry
5 Barrorry-Phys ica I Chemistry
I
6
Par i Fe Sh.a'-m -.Dt-.',e i^- I .t---:-^
L'
'-,
DLr nnOSla-Pn\,,q taa | ('l-,em icf-.r
i:ialSSione-Tex,
| t^hnmi^+^.,
irook r-,f Phr,cir=
rJ v'!sr
vrrLrrrrrrr
y
Phr.'cie
I
rh6
p
;
uiicffr
istry by R
i.r,!G=
Verma
lo
-
1l Physical Chemistry by pnutten ancl Maran
12 Ptrys ica I Chem istry by Kapoor e, Kapoor
PAPER
V
I
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
I lU
1
.
a
rrrcients ane to U" tr a ined in work ing out prob lerns invo lr.,
irrcl
fi; ling out of str-uctunal formulae on the basis of .l<-tta J:t-oqrirlorl
on u, it react ions.
l-
Structure:. of compcunds are expected
cases speciiical l! rr:-ht ioned.
Mechan isms
ment ioned.
l!.
lll'.
of
neact
to be
iverJ
ions are expectecl only in casos
Electronic interpretation of the reactivityof
erpected.
cJer
on ly
s;rer_if
lt
icallv
functionar grr)rrr)s
is
\
4
-:18:C.rrboxy
lic
ac
id and their Derivat ives:
a)
ic
.:c ids :
no
ancl pnopert ies
acetic, Dropionic and benzoi
a lipl'rat ic ac icJ series_Structure
srrt'rclitrrents or-r tl-re acidic stren
b)
Uns'rturatecr ac icrs: prepanat ion and propert
ies of at r y ric ac ir1 ,
Cr-otonic acicl and Cinnamic c-lcid.
c)
Derivatii,,es of. acids: preparation
and properties of acirJ
acicJ anhydr^ides, acid amic,es anrJ
esters_Dimr:rhvt
:ll[;.i,:,
rl)
lla loqenatecr ac icrs: pneparat ion
and pr-opert ies of nr.ne, di anrJ
tr-icl-rloro acet ic acicjs_uses.
Mr,noc arbor v
Pr-ep.:r^at ion
I
r')
I methocls of pnep.:rat ion ar,.l
ancl us(rs of lar t ir r itrt;rr ir .
and synlhesis of c.itrict ar_irJ
hy drox y ac irjs_S.r I ir y I ir a, i rl
,
ethyl
saliryl;rtr,
;rrrrl .;alol
er-a
f)
[)i.ar-lrr-..:,.,
s)
F'ltS' 'oils' soar)s and dtergents:
occ,rrenco .rf [arir .ir.,
viaYes
anrl
thein
chenric.al
r lr'rrariarisr ir s-r,
'1r-.rvsis r>f oirs Sap'rrif ir,arr;,1:'l,?,1'']1.',,',','., ,,[ .:i:];l
rr ar-ruiircture Sapctnif
ication valut ancJ iocl ine, \,a l,rn 5.1 .r ir
.iqnificance, Sr,,ntl-retic
lrr
dctergents €rc_t ion of Sr)ct[).
C.rrbonic acid cldr-ivatives: preparation,
r -t irnat ion ancr rses of urea-manufacturepropert ios .-qtt.rrr Iur r,
of rrrea-T, irrrrc,r
Ser'ir:arbazicje-Urea
formardeh5,de
resins
Gtrarnicr ine
prep(.'at ion-basic ity of guanicjine.
lr3
lic
ariris:
[\ia-ag6,_ylir
a)ri,t_
rtl)1,,
.lrJisri,
arrrl
rlscs
ll,l,,,r
properties
r_J,rSatrrr-alerl
Of
ano fumaric acir.ls_plrtlrarlir
es and rl ist irrctir>n fr-r>rrr r)no
..-.
r)
)
Esters cor 'a in ing react ive m'-thy rene grorrp.
ic est( ' arrd cyanoacet ic ester-preparat Ar-etr-r.lc-et ic esrc,r
ion ancJ svntl-ret ir
rrses-Mechanisrir of Claisen conG_nsation
as
i,-i,',=,"..i"o--r,r.,
rl.ro
s'nthesis cf aceloacetic esten-str^uc,rrre of
.:c:ioacetir_ ester.
rlra lon
r
(zo frrs.
)
a!
\
-:19:II
an
Nitroqen Compounds Nitro clerivat ives of
a ll<
r'l
lv
a lkanes-n itro a lkanes
propert ies
es-pren ara t ion
and
prr>rlrrr-lS of
ancJ propert ies-rerluct ion
n it r it
Nitrolrerrznne-prepar<tt ion
irr
,'gnc
variotrs
media
benzicJine rearrangerrr:nt
lra,'ri.tt,-in-r-l ir-ritrober-rzene-TNT-preparation and-uses-Alkt, I rvanicjes.
isoc v a rr rr le's a n rl isoc 5,on a te.'e-ment ion on ly .
ni1prrl1erl
nrc<
Anrino flrrrrl-rounrJs: Aliphatic amines nomenclatune-isomerism 1', 2o,
3' anrines-Genera I metl'rorJs of preparat ion and propert ies D inst inct ion
betrreen 1^, 2n, 3" amines-their separ-ation from a ntixtLlre of the
three-corrrp.rrat ive basic ity of the three types l',
2" anrl 3'Carrternarv, antmonium compounds.
46rrmdtic anrines aniline-pneparation and properties Synthnsis ,tl
!r,l'rirlirrcs. l.>enzr'l amine, N-Methyl aniline-N, N-cJimethyl arrilirrr: ;rrr,l
rr.-r:rlrthi l arrrines-lheir properties.
(12 irr.-..)
II
I
D
i.rzo Compounds:
D
iazomethane-preparation and sy,nthet ic.
and
synthet ic
uses-Benzone
ic uses-structure.
rrsos-[) ia;'r'ar et ic
cster-pi-eparat ion
, i i.-'r,-r,rr i r r rrr r lr lor i de-prep arat ion-sy nt het
(8 hrs.)
l\/ Sulphonic acicJs and SUlphus Compounds: lntroduct ion to
Ierm:s
srr,:[-, as r"r',^r ant.,,rt strlpl-roricje, Sulphonet ar-rcJ sulphonir- air.l. rlitl-r
e. artrfr los ilcr.,-ene srrll-lhonic. ac,id, to ltrene sulphonic ar-i(.1 . tolrteno
srrlnlro'r" I r lrlrrrirJc'-irr-eparation, properties, ancl uqes sulphanilic.
ar iri. srrlJrlranilanrina, saccharin-sy,nthesis ancl uses-Sulpha cJntrgs
(nrerr t
ion
orr lr,
)
s
V
Amino acicJs, polypeptides and proteins
Alpha
amino
acicls-cla.-ssification-acicic, basis and neutral-synthesis of glyc.ine
a lanine phen1, a lanine trlrptophan and Cystine-Z wiLtcr- ion property
of amino aci(is i,cr)electric point Sorensen titration E lementary, strtr.ly
of poll.pepticJes anrl pnoteins Classification of proteins-qr:rroral
ch.-lracteristics-clenatrrnatiorr hydrolysis-peptide synthesis-nrrr-le-prrrterirrs
RNA, DNA. their biological role-enzymes-an elementary treatment( tz hrs. )
character ist ics of enzyme act ion.
Heteocr'cli< Conrpor-rnds: Defihition and classification-nomonclatrrr-e of
five anrj si.. rnenrberen nings containing one ann two clatLlre of five
ancl six nrernbe,'acJ rings containing one and two identical or different
hetero atonr*.-Pre,i .3ration /synthesis and properties of the following
compor-tncls: Py'rrolr. furan thiophene, pyridine,
rlt,rinoline
indole.
crnd isoqtr inol ine (D. r ivat ion of structr,:'es not expected)-Ment ion ctf
pyran and pyr^inridine 'comparison of br.sic strengths of py.;^role,
pyricline ancl piperidine-Hoffmnn's exhaustive methylation as applierJ
(tZ trr-s.)
to pipericjine
Vll
Terpenes: Occurrenc,e, classif ication, ceneral methorJs of
isolation ancl general characteristics-lsolatior,
of citral
.:ncl
geerniol.-inclirrling
clucidation of structure-isopr ^ne nule-natrlral
rubber (e lenrentary treatme-t )-Synthet ic rubben-B -ras, Buna N.
(7 hr-s. )
neor)rene, thiol<ol-uses.
\r
-z2O:-
Vllt
Alkaloids:
Occurrence, general methods of
uses-isolation of contine and
synthesis-met ion of nicot ine.
lX
iso lat ion
p iper ine
,
genera
inc lu d ing
I
propert ies and
structure and
(t* houns.
)
Dyes:
lassif icat ion based on structune and mode of app I icat ion- Synthes is
C
of the following
dyes:
Azo dyes
Phthalein
Vat dye
I brange, Congo red, par-a ned
Malachite Green, nosaniline, Crystal Violet
Phenolphthalein, f luorescein, cosin
lndigo
Alizanin (elucidat ion of structure of a lizt in
Methy
TPM dyes
dyes
Anthraquinon dye
expected.
)
Relation betweencolour and chemical constitution.
X
I
somerism:
chain,
functional group and position isomerism-Keto-enol
tautomerism-Ster^coisomerism-geometrical isomerism due to nestricted
rotation about a double bond-examples-lsomenism due to restr icted
rotat ion about a sing le bond
Conformat ions of n-butane and
cyclohexane4ptical isomerism E lements of symmetny-Chirallity
Conf igurat ion-enant iomers-racemic modif iat ions-diastercomens-opt ical
lsomerism of lactic and tartaric acidsoptical isomerism without
presence of asymmetnic carbon i llustrated by a llenes and b iplreny lsR and S conf igurat ion w ith nefenence to compounds conta in ing one
asymmetr ic
car^bon-abso lute
conf igurat ion-Methods
of
reso lut ion-Asymmetr ic synthesis.
( tS hrs. )
Xl
Spectroscopy
lementary ideas of the app licat ion of
spect;-DS-spectroscopy to' simp le organ ic Systems.
E
Text Books
I
2
3
4
5.
7.
lR,
UV and
MR
(a hrs. )
for both I €, I
Organic Cr,:mistry, Vol I - l.L Finar-Longmans
Organic Cher,-,istry, - MOnrison and Boyd - Pnentice Hall
Organic Chemistry -Hendickson, Crm & Hammond
Organic Chemistry S.M. ,Mukhenj i, S.P. Singh O B.P. Kapoor
Wiley Eastern
or^ganic chemistny - s.N. Mehrothna, K.s Tewar i €/ N.K.vishnoi-vikas
Principle of Reactio,-r Mechanisms in onganic chemistry-panman o
Recommended
I
Chawla - Sultan Chand €r Sons.
8. Reaction mechanism in organic chemistry - s.M. Mukher-j i o s.p.
Singh - Mac Millan.
9. A guide book to Mechanism in organic cheraistny - peter- sykes
Onient Longmans.
10. Physical Organic Chemistr^y-J.Hine-Mc Graw h;ll.
I
-.)1._
PAPER V I I
POLYMER CHEMISTRY
-
I
(gs hrs.
l.
Basic concepts of polyer Science
(
to
)
hns.
)
Polyme. science - Historicar Deveropment
- present status
classif ication of porymers-Homo potvmei -- coporymen
branched and cross tinked porymers gnaft and -brock I inean
coporymens
- Rubbens - prastics thermo prastics
thermosetting
prastics
f ibnes - chanacteristic featunes
of each.
Natuna I and Synthet ic polymers
Basic concept of monomers
functionarity - Morecuran weight
distnibution - Degree of polymerisafion. and morecuran weight
2.
nd chemica I bonding in polymers
(
hrs. )
amorphous behav iour- of po lymerslO cha
ic idea on ry ) T9 €t Tm po rymer so rut ion in
ityof polymers fnact ionat ion swelling of cross
3. Polymerisation
Add it iona
I
( tt*
hrs.
)
po lymgn isat ion
Free
nadica
term inat ion-
I
poymer isat ion _
in it iat ion propagat
lon ic po lymer. isat ion _ .it ion ic
and
ion
and
polymerisation - types of monomens which porymer^ise an ion ic
ionicaily;
in it iat ion - p,-opagat ion and tenm inat
ion.
4.
Condensat
ion
po lymer isat ion
(ltr
hns.
)
L inear condensat ion _
Extend of react ion _ degnee of
Polymenisation - three dimensional polymenisation
..o.== linking
gel point - r'earrangement and ning scission_ porymerisat
ion
co-or dination porymerisation -stereo
negurar^
porymerisation
ziegler - Natta cataryst
tacticity in porymers cis - bans
isomerst
'
5.
Techn
iques of
po lymer isat
Butk porvmerilation - ion
sorution porymerisation ,,i]3"l!i;l
polymerisation - emursion
porymerisation.
disadvantages of these different techniques.
6.
Advantages and
isation of polymer^s.
Molecular weight distnibution-Number average weight
average
viscosity avenage. M. wt apprication.l -oi-corigatibe
propert ies
for molecu tar weight determinat
_
Chanacter
ltnacentr ifue - So lut
(E lementany study on ly
)
u
ion
v iscos
Gel penmeation chno matography.
ion
ity
End gnoup
"nJ mo lecu lar
ana ly s is
s ize
-:22:7
.
I
Natuna
Po
lymers.
Natura I rubber - Latex co I lect ion and treatment compos it ion and
structure, Drry natunal rubbe, modified rubbens. Cellulose
cellulose based polymer products - cotton - rayon - cellulose
n itnate - cellu lose acetate etc.
8.
I
norgan
ic
po
lymer^s
(
S hrs. )
(Elementany study only) Phosphoros and Nitrogen containing
Polymers, Boron - Nitnogen Polymers Onganometallic metallic
chelate polyrnens.
Reference Books:
1. A text book of polymer science - F.W. Billmeyer^, John Wiley t
Sons.
2. Polymen Science. V.R. Gawarikar, N.V.Viswanathan, J.Sreedhar,
Wiley Eastern Ltd. , New Delhi.
3. Rubben Technology - Manrice Morton - Van Nostrand - Reinhold
New York.
PAPER VI I I
POLYMER CHEMISTRY II
Commerical Polymers
1. Rubbens: Manufactune, General Properties O applications of the
fo I low ing rubber^s - Natura I rubben, styrene-butadiene rubber,
Polybutadiene, poly isoprene, butyl rubber, ethylene propylene
rubber, neoprene (Polychloroprene rubber)
I ity
nubber^s Proper^t ies and app I icat ion
hy upa lon ,
silicons, acrylics, polyurethanes, fluoro canbons, thermo plastic
Spec ia
e
lastomers.
(
tS hrs.
)
2. Plastic - THermoplastics and thermosets, manufactune, properties
and app !ciation of the following p lastics - polyethy lene
polypropy lere-polystyrene-polyviny I ch loride.
of po lymethy I methacry late and othen acry lic
plastics. Polyamides nylon 6, nylon 66, ar^omatic amides viz.
Propert ies and u5es
ar^am
ides.
Thermoplastic polyestens - unsaturated polyesters.
Poly carbonates - acetal resins
Po lypheny lene ox ides - Po lysu lphones.
3. Propert ies and uses of phenolic nesins - unea
resins - Melamine -fonmaldehyde resins.
IZO hrs.
)
forma ldehyde
(S hrs.)
t-7:-
t
Fly UP