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File Ref.No.24290/GA - IV - J2/2013/CU UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
File Ref.No.24290/GA - IV - J2/2013/CU
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
Abstract
BSc in Environment and Water Management-CUCBCSS UG 2014-Scheme and Syllabus- ApprovedImplemented-w.e.f 2014 Admissions-Orders issued.
G & A - IV - J
U.O.No. 774/2015/Admn
Dated, Calicut University.P.O, 23.01.2015
Read:-1.U.O. No. 3797/2013/CU, dated 07.09.2013 (CBCSS UG Modified Regulations)
(File.ref.no. 13752/GA IV J SO/2013/CU).
2.U.O. No. 5180/2014/Admn, dated 29.05.2014 (CUBCSS UG Revised Regulations)
3.The minutes of the meeting of the Board of Studies in Environmental Science and Water
Management held on 23.08.2014.
4.Item no.I(e) of the minutes of the meeting of the Faculty of Science held on 22.12.2014
5.Item no. II (e) of the minutes of the meeting of the Academic Council held on 15.01.2015.
ORDER
The Modified Regulations of Choice Based Credit Semester System for UG Curriculum w.e.f 2014 was
implemented under the University of Calicut vide paper read as (1).
The Revised CUCBCSS UG Regulations has been implemented w.e.f 2014 admission, for all UG
programme under CUCBCSS in the University, vide paper read as (2).
The Board of Studies in Environmental Science and Water Management has approved the syllabus of
BSc Programme in Environment and Water Management to implement from 2014 Academic year onwards,
vide paper read as (3).
The Faculty of Science has also approved the minutes of the Board vide paper read as (4).
The Academic Council, vide paper read as (5) approved the items regarding the syllbus implementation
in the minutes of the concerned Boards of Studies mentioned in the minutes of the Faculty of Science.
Sanction has, therefore, been accorded for implementing the Scheme and Syllabus of BSc. in
Environment and Water Management under CUCBCSS UG 2014, in the University, w.e.f 2014 Admissions.
Orders are issued accordingly. (The syllabus is available in the website: universityofcalicut.info)
Muhammed S
Deputy Registrar
To
1. All Affiliated Colleges/SDE/Dept.s/Institutions under University of Calicut.
2. The Controller of Examinations, University of Calicut.
3. The Director SDE.
Forwarded / By Order
Section Officer
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
SYLLABUS
for
UNDER GRADUATE PROGRAMME
in
ENVIRONMENT AND WATER MANAGEMENT
Effective from 2014 admission
University of Calicut
B.Sc Environment and Water Management Programme
Work load
Semester Common
Course
I &II
III & IV
V & VI
Total
5+4=9
0
0
9
9
Botany
Chemistry
Additional
Complementary Complementary Course
T
2
3
0
5
P
2
2
0
4
9
T
2
3
0
5
P
2
2
0
4
T
5
0
0
5
Botany
(Core)
T
2
0
4
6
P
1
0
2
3
Chemistry Physics
Zoology
(Core) (General+ (General)
Core)
T
0
3
P
0
2
3
5
T
0
5
3
8
T
0
5
0
5
9
5
9
11
Note: T-Theory; P-Practical; Pr-Project
8
5
3
6
EWM
(Core+
Project)
T
0
0
7
7
Pr
0
0
3
3
10
B.Sc Environment and Water Management Programme
Core Course structure, Work load and Credit distribution
Total Credits: 56 (Internal: 20%; External: 80%)
Semester Course code
Course Title
Hrs /
Week
Hrs /
Sem
Credit
Duration of
exam (Hrs)
I
EWM1B01T Fundamentals of
Environmental Science (To
be handled by the Botany
Department)
2
36
2
3
II
EWM2B02T Biodiversity and
Conservation (To be
handled by the Botany
Department)
2
36
2
3
III
EWM3B03T Chemistry of the
Environment (To be
handled by the Chemistry
Department)
3
54
3
3
IV
EWM4B04T Ecotoxicology (To be
handled by the Chemistry
Department)
3
54
3
3
Core
EWM4B04P1 Botany Practicals
Course
Practical I
& II
2
2
Core
Course
Practical
III & IV
EWM4B04P2 Chemistry Practicals
2
2
V
EWM5B05T Earth Science (To be
handled by the
4
3
4
72
Environment Department)
V
EWM5B06T Hydrology water
Management and
Conservation Practices (To
be handled by the
Environment Department)
3
54
3
3
V
EWM5B07T Environmental
Microbiology and
Biotechnology (To be
handled by the Botany
Department)
4
72
4
3
V
EWM5B08T Environmental Physics I
(To be handled by the
Physics Department)
3
54
3
3
VI
EWM6B09T Environmental
Engineering (To be
handled by the Chemistry
Department)
3
54
3
3
VI
EWM6B10T Environmental Issues and
Sustainable Development
(To be handled by the
Environment Department)
3
54
3
3
VI
EWM6B11T Natural Resource
Conservation and Disaster
Management (To be
handled by the Botany
Department)
3
54
3
3
VI
EWM6B12T Environmental Physics II
(To be handled by the
Physics Department)
3
54
3
3
VI
EWM6B13T Elective Paper Environmental Economics,
Policies and Laws (To be
3
54
4
3
handled by the
Environment Department)
Core
EWM6B13P3
Course
Practical
V& VI
Core
EWM6B13P4
Course
Practical V
& VI
Core
EWM6B14Pr
Course
Project - V
& VI
Botany Practicals
4
72
5
3
Chemistry Practicals
4
72
5
3
Project –Any Environment
related (To be handled by
the Environment
Department)
2
2
Total
56
Note: T-Theory, P-Practical, Pr-Project
Common Courses
Semester Course code
I
I
I
II
II
II
III
III
IV
IV
Common
Course A01
Common
Course A02
Course Title
Communication Skills
in English
Critical Reasoning
Writing &
Presentation
Additional Communication Skills
Language I - in the languages other
A07(03)
than English for B.Sc
alternate pattern
Common
Reading Literature in
Course A03 English
Common
Indian Constitution,
Course A04 Secularism &
Sustainable
Development
Additional Communication Skills
Language II - in the languages other
A09(03)
than English for B.Sc
alternate pattern
General
Numerical Skills (To be
Course I -A05 handled by the
Zoology Department)
General
General Informatics
Course II (To be handled by the
A06
Physics Department)
General
Entrepreneurship
Course III - Development (To be
A07
handled by the
Physics Department)
General
Environment and
Course IV - Human Health (To be
A08
handled by the
Zoology Department)
Total
Hrs/
Week
Hrs/ Sem
Credit
Duration of
exam (Hrs)
4
7
3
3
5
90
3
3
5
90
4
3
4
7
4
3
5
90
4
3
5
90
4
3
5
90
4
3
5
90
4
3
5
90
4
3
5
90
4
3
38
Open Course
Semester
V
Course
Course title
code
EWM5D01 Chemistry in everyday life
(To be handled by the
Chemistry Department in the
V Semester )
Hrs /
Week
3
Hrs /
Sem
54
Credits Duration of
exams (Hrs)
2
3
Complementary Course
Semester
I
Course
code
BOT1C01T
Course title
Anatomy & Micro
techniques
I
CHE1C01
General Chemistry
II
BOT2C02T Cryptogams, ,
Gymnosperms & Plant
Pathology
II
CHE2C02
Physical Chemistry
III
BOT3C03T Morphology,
Systematic Botany,
Economic Botany, ,
Plant Breeding &
Horticulture
III
CHE3C03
Organic Chemistry
IV
BOT4C04T Plant Physiology,
Ecology & Genetics
IV
CHE4C04
Physical &Applied
Chemistry
Complementary BOT4C04(P) Practical – 1
Course Practical
Anatomy & Micro
-I, II, III, IV
techniques, Plant
Physiology, &Ecology
Cryptogams, ,
Gymnosperms & Plant
Pathology& Genetics
Morphology,
Systematic Botany,
Economic Botany, ,
Hrs / Hrs / Sem Credits Duration of
Week
exams (Hrs)
2
36
2
3
2
2
36
36
2
2
3
3
2
3
36
54
2
2
3
3
3
3
54
54
2
2
3
3
3
54
2
3
2
36
4
3
Complementary CHE4C05(P) Practical - 2
Course Practical
Chemistry Practical
-I, II, III, IV
Total
2
36
4
24
3
Credits & Marks Distribution
Subject Sem
EWM
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
Total Credit
Total Marks
Common
General
English Addl. Lan.
Che
3+3
4
4+4
4
4+4
3
4+4 3+2*
14
400
8
200
16
400
Core
Bot Ewm Phy
2
2
2*
4
4+3
3+5* 3+5* 4+3
16
18
14
1750
3
3
6
Complementary Total
Pr Open Che
Bot
2
2
16
2
2
18
2
2
15
2+4*
2+4*
27
2
16
2**
28
2
2
12
12
120
50
400
400
3600
*Credits of Practical Exam
** Credits of Project Work
Every student of a UG Programme has to undertake project work of 2 credits under the
supervision of a faculty member as per the curriculum. Project evaluation shall be conducted at
the end of the sixth semester.
Distribution of different courses and their credits
Semester
I and II
I and II
III and IV
I to IV
I to VI
V
VI
Course type
Common-English
Common-Additional language
General Course
Complementary
Core
Open Course
Project (core)
Total
% of Marks
Grade
No of Courses
4
2
4
10
18
1
1
40
Interpretation Grade Point
Average
Outstanding
6
Range of Grade
Points
5.5 -6
Credits
14
8
16
24
51
2
5
120
Class
90 and above
A+
80 to below 90
70 to below 80
A
B
Excellent
Very good
5
4
4.5-5.49
3.5-4.59
First Class with
distinction
Distinction
First Class
60 to below 70
C
Good
3
2.5-3.49
First Class
50 to below 60
40 to below 50
Below 40
D
E
F
Satisfactory
Pass/Adequate
Failure
2
1
0
1.5-2.49
0.5-1.49
0-0.49
Second class
Pass
Fail
SEVEN POINT INDIRECT GRADING SYSTEM
Internal evaluation
Components with percentage of marks of Internal Evaluation of Theory and practical
Sl.
Components
Theory course (%) Practical course Maximum Marks
No.
Theory Practical
1
Attendance
25%
25%
5
5
2
Test paper I & II (best of
50%
10
two)
3 & 4 Assignments & Seminars
25%
5
5
Record
50%
10
6
Laboratory
25%
5
Total
100%
100%
20
20
Percentage of Attendance and marks eligible
% of attendance
Above 90%
85-89%
80-84%
76-79%
75%
% of marks may be awarded
100
80
60
40
20
Marks eligible
5
4
3
2
1
External evaluation
For all semesters:
1) The examination has duration of 3 hours
2) Each question paper has four parts A, B, C & D.
3) Part-A consists of 10 questions and the candidate has to answer all. Each question
carries 1 mark. It can be either fill in the blank type or answer in one word type.
4) Part-B consists of 10 short answer type questions and all questions have to be answered
in one paragraph or as directed. Each question carries 2 marks.
5) Part-C consists of 8 short essay type questions and the candidate has to answer any 6
out of them. Each question carries five marks.
6) Part - D consists of 3 essay type questions and the candidate has to answer any 2. Each
question carries 10 marks.
7) As far as possible, the questions will be asked from the whole syllabi of each course.
Weightage of each subject in the setting of question papers is in proportion to the
instructional hours allotted to respective subjects in the syllabus.
8) Model question papers are given in annexure-1
Theory question paper pattern
Part
A
B
C
D
Total
No. of questions
10
10
6/8
2/3
31
Marks
1
2
5
10
Internal evaluation of Practical Paper
Components
Attendance
Involvement in Laboratory & Test paper
Quality of record & Timely submission
Total
Marks
5
5
10
20
Total Marks
1x10=10
2x10=20
5x6=30
2x10=20
80
BSc Environment and Water Management Programme
Choice Based Credit and Semester System (CU-CBCSS-UG)-2014
(6 Semesters; 120 Credits)
Semester
Semester -I
Course code
Common
Course A01
Common
Course A02
Additional
Language -I
A07(03)
EWM1B01T
BOT1C01T
CHE1C01
Semester -II
Common
Course A03
Common
Course A04
Additional
Language -II
A09(03)
EWM2B02T
Course title
Hrs / Week
Communication Skills in
4
English
Critical Reasoning Writing
5
& Presentation
Communication Skills in
5
the languages other than
English for B.Sc alternate
pattern
Fundamentals of
2
Environmental Science
(To be handled by the
Botany Department)
Complementary Course 2
Anatomy & Micro
techniques
Complementary Course 2
General Chemistry
Complementary- Botany
2
Practical-I
Complementary 2
Chemistry Practical-I
Botany Core Practical-I
2
Reading Literature in
4
English
Indian Constitution,
5
Secularism & Sustainable
Development
Communication Skills in
5
the languages other than
English for B.Sc alternate
pattern
Biodiversity and
2
Conservation (To be
handled by the Botany
Department)
Credit Total Credits
3
16
3
4
2
2
2
-
4
4
4
2
18
BOT2C02T
CHE2C02
Semester - III
General
Course –I A05
General
Course –II
A06
EWM3B03T
BOT3C03T
CHE3C03
Semester - IV
General
Course –III
A07
General
Course –IV
A08
Complementary Course Cryptogams,
Gymnosperms & Plant
Pathology
Complementary Course Physical Chemistry
Complementary- Botany
Practical-II
Complementary Chemistry Practical-II
Botany Core Practical-II
Numerical Skills(To be
handled by the Zoology
Department)
General Informatics (To be
handled by the Physics
Department)
Chemistry of the
Environment (To be
handled by the Chemistry
Department)
Complementary Course Morphology, Systematic
Botany, Economic Botany,
Plant Breeding &
Horticulture
Complementary Course Organic Chemistry
Complementary- Botany
Practical-III
Complementary Chemistry Practical-III
Chemistry Core PracticalIII
Entrepreneurship
Development (To be
handled by the Physics
Department)
Environment and Human
Health (To be handled by
the Zoology Department)
2
2
2
2
2
-
2
-
2
5
-
4
5
4
3
3
3
2
3
2
2
-
2
-
2
-
5
3
5
3
15
25
EWM4B04T
BOT4C04T
CHE4C04
Complementary BOT4C04(P)
Course Practical
-I, II, III, IV
Complementary
Course Practical
- I, II, III, IV
Core Course
Practical I & II
Core Course
Practical III & IV
Semester - V
CHE4C05(P)
Ecotoxicology (To be
handled by the Chemistry
Department)
Complementary CoursePlant Physiology, Ecology
& Genetics
Complementary CoursePhysical & Applied
Chemistry
Practical – 1
Anatomy & Micro
techniques, Plant
Physiology, & Ecology
Cryptogams,
Gymnosperms & Plant
Pathology & Genetics
Morphology, Systematic
Botany, Economic Botany,
Practical - 2
Chemistry Practical
3
3
3
2
3
2
2
4
2
4
EWM4B04P1
Botany Practicals
2
EWM4B04P2
Chemistry Practicals
2
EWM5B05T
Earth Science (To be
handled by the
Environment Department)
Hydrology water
Management and
Conservation Practices
(To be handled by the
Environment
Department)
Environmental
Microbiology and
Biotechnology (To be
handled by the Botany
Department)
Environmental Physics I
(To be handled by the
Physics Department)
EWM5B06T
EWM5B07T
EWM5B08T
4
4
3
3
4
4
3
3
16
EWM5D01
VI
EWM6B09T
VI
EWM6B10T
EWM6B11T
EWM6B12T
EWM6B13T
Core Course
EWM6B13P3
Practical V& VI
Core Course
EWM6B13P4
Practical V & VI
Chemistry in everyday life
(To be handled by the
Chemistry Department)
Botany core Practicals
(To be handled by the
Botany Department)
Chemistry core Practicals
(To be handled by the
Chemistry Department)
Project Work-Project work
related to Environment
Impact Assessment (EIA)
(To be handled by the
Environment
Department)
Environmental
Engineering (To be
handled by the Chemistry
Department)
Environmental Issues and
Sustainable Development
(To be handled by the
Environment
Department)
Natural Resource
Conservation and
Disaster Management (To
be handled by the Botany
Department)
Environmental Physics II
(To be handled by the
Physics Department)
Elective Paper Environmental Economics,
Policies and Laws (To be
handled by the
Environment Department)
Botany Practicals
3
2
2
-
3
-
Chemistry Practicals
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
5
4
5
28
Core Course
EWM6B14Pr
Project - V & VI
Project - Any Environment
related (To be handled by
the Environment
Department)
Total
2
120
Unit-I
Semester 1
EWM1B01T - Fundamentals of Environmental Science
2Hrs/Week 2 Credit
Definition, Scope and Importance of Environmental Science; Multidisciplinary nature of
Environmental Science; Need of Environmental awareness, Interrelationship of ecology with
other disciplines, Introduction to Global Environmental problems
Concept of the Environment:
a. The atmosphere: Layers of atmosphere, composition of air, importance of atmosphere,
meteorological conditions and air circulation
b. The hydrosphere: Importance of water, distribution of fresh water at global, national
and state level, surface and ground water
c. Lithosphere: Elementary composition of rocks in the earth crust, types of rocks, process
of soil formation, physical and Chemical weathering of rocks, role of soil in shaping the
biosphere
(9Hours)
Unit-II
Environmental Factors:
Climatic Factors - light temperature, rainfall, humidity, atmosphere (gases and wind), fire,
Topographic factors - height of mountains, direction of mountains, valleys and slopes
Edaphic factors - soil, soil formation, soil profile, soil erosion and conservation
Biotic Factors - Intra and Inter specific interactions, neutralism, commensalism, mutualism,
parasitism and predation
Ecological adaptation of plants (Hydrophytes, Mesophytes, Xerophytes and Halophytes)
Ecological adaptation of animals - Aquatic - Hydrocoles, Terrestrial - Mesocoles and Xerocoles
(9Hours)
Unit-III
Ecosystem: definition, components of ecosystem, biotic components - light, temperature,
pressure, water, wind, soil, energy flow in an ecosystem, primary and secondary production,
food chain, grazing food chain, detritus food chain, ecological pyramids - pyramid of number,
pyramid of biomass, pyramid of energy, food web, ecological indicators,
Biogeochemical cycles: a) Water cycle, b) Gaseous cycle – oxygen cycle, carbon cycle and
nitrogen cycle, and c) Sedimentary cycle - phosphorus cycle, sulphur cycle
(9Hours)
Unit-IV
Population Ecology and Community Ecology: Population characteristics - Population growth and
its dynamics, natality, mortality, growth patterns - Age distribution, Malthusian theory,
Community structure, succession and climax, Species diversity, ecological dominance,
ecotone, niche, guild, edge effect, ecological equivalent, succession and climax.
Major Ecosystems: Terrestrial Ecosystems - Forest, grass land, arid, crop land, wet land,
ponds, lakes rivers, oceans, estuaries
Major Terrestrial Biomes: Tropical savannah, Tropical rain forest and desert
(9Hours)
Reference




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
Ecology and Environment, 2008-2009. P. D. Sharma (Rasthogi Publications, Meerut)
A Text Book of Environmental Studies, 2006, D. K. Asthana, Meera Asthana (S. Chand &
Co.)
Essential Environmental Studies, 2009, S. P. Mishra, S. N. Pandey (Ane Books Pvt Ltd,
Chennai)
Kelu, P. (200), Environmental Education: A conceptual analysis, Calicut: Calicut
University
Text Book of Environmental Studies, Erach Bharucha, 2005, Orient Longman Pvt. Ltd
Fundamentals of Ecology, Eugene P Odum, 1996, Natraj Publishers, Dehradun
EWM1B01T - Fundamentals of Environmental Science
(Model Question Paper)
Time: 3Hrs
1. Expand SPAC
2. What is Mycorrhizae?
3. Define Synecology
4. Define afforestation
5. What is trophic level?
6. What is Hydrarch?
7. What are wind breaks?
8. What is basal area?
9. What are transducers?
10. Define field capacity
Total Marks -80
Section –A
(Answer all questions)
Section –B
(Answer any five questions)
11. Give an account of Contour Farming?
12. Explain the term Population Ecology.
13. What is Gross productivity?
14. Write a note on ephemeral annuals?
15. Distinguish between ecads and ecotypes.
16. Explain food chain?
17. Explain the term ecotone
10x1=10 marks
5x2=10 marks
Section –C
(Answer any six questions)
18. What is succession? Write a note on the climax stage.
19. Describe the biochemical cycle with examples.
20. What are environmental factors? Describe briefly the topographic factors.
21. What are the various interactions in the ecosystems?
22. What is food chain? Explain the types of food chain in ecosystems.
23. Write a note on the ecological adaptations of Xerophytes with examples.
24. Write a note on pyramid of energy.
25. Write a note on wet land ecosystems.
6x5=30 marks
Section –D
(Answer any two questions)
26. What are the various components of environment? Explain their interactions.
27. Write a note on climatic factors. How it affects various activities of plants and
animals?
28. What are the major ecosystems? Describe briefly the forest and wetland ecosystem.
29. a) Describe briefly the Population characteristics
b) What is ecosystem? What are the components of an ecosystem?
2x15=30marks
Unit-I
Semester 2
EWM2B02T – Biodiversity and conservation
2Hrs/Week
2 Credit
Biodiversity and conservation: Introduction, definition, types of biodiversity - genetic, species
and ecosystem biodiversity; the mega-diversity countries of the world; bio-geographical
classification of India.
Importance and value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic
and option values
Threats to biodiversity: Habitat loss and degradation, poaching, exotic species, Genetic
pollution, climate change, man -wildlife conflict.
Endangered and endemic species of India: extinction of species, key stone species, IUCN
categories, Red Data, Book, Hot spots of biodiversity
(9Hours)
Unit-II
Biodiversity conservation: In-situ conservation-protected areas - National parks, Wildlife
sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, Definition, concept and short description and importance of
major reserves: Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Sunder bans,
Andaman and Nicobar, Gulf of Mannar, Project Tiger, Project Elephant, Sacred groves with
special reference to Kerala, Documenting traditional ecological knowledge
Ex-situ conservation – Botanical gardens, Zoos, Aquaria, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources
(NBPGR), National Bureau of Animal Plant Genetic Resources (NBAGR)
Unit-III
(9Hours)
Global strategy for conservation –Stockholm Conference 1972, Nairobi Conference
1982,Montreal Protocol 1987, London 1989, Rio Declaration 1992, Berlin Mandate 1995,
Geneva Convention 1986, Kyoto Protocol 1996, Johannesburg Conference 2002.
People’s movement for environmental conservation in India – Bishnoi Movement, Chipko
Movement, Narmada Bachao Andolan, Apikko Movement, Silent Valley Movement and
Baliyapal Movement.
(9Hours)
Unit-IV
Documenting Biodiversity: Quantitative SAMPLING Methods in Ecology; Transect - line and belt
transect; Quadrats
Remote Sensing and GIS : Principles of Remote Sensing, Electromagnetic spectrum, Aerial
photographs and their interpretation ;Satellite imageries ; Platform and airborne sensors; Types
of sensors ;Applications of Remote Sensing and GIS in Environmental Studies.
(9Hours)
Reference
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Ecology and Environment, 2008-2009. P. D. Sharma (Rasthogi Publications, Meerut)
A Text Book of Environmental Studies, 2012, D.K. Asthana, Meera Asthana (S. Chand &
Co.), New Delhi
Essential Environmental Studies, 2009, S. P. Mishra, S. N. Pandey (Ane Books Pvt, Ltd,
Chennai)
Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, 1987, Lillesand T.M and Kieffer R.W, John
Wiley and Sons
Text Book of Environmental Studies, Erach Bharucha, 2005, Orient Longman Pvt. Ltd
Remote Sensing and GIS, 2006, Menon A.R.R., KFRI Publications, KFRI, Peechi, Thrissur
Aerial Photography and Image Interpretation for Resource Management 1981, Paine
D.P, John Wiley and Sons
EWM2B02T – Biodiversity and conservation
(Model Question Paper)
Time: 3Hrs
Total Marks -80
Section –A
(Answer all questions)
1. Cite two examples of Indian endangered species.
2. What the abbreviations GIS and IUCN stand for?
3. How much area is covered by forests in India?
4. Name three products of forest insects.
5. What is the major reason for the decrease and extinction of wild life of our country?
6. .Where is the one-horned Rhinoceros preserved?
7. How many projects are engaged in Tiger Protection?
8. What is the symbol of WWF?
9. Which useful material is derived from the bark of Cinchona plant?
10. Name three categories of threatened species.
Section –B
(Answer any five questions)
10x1=10 marks
11. What is biodiversity? Mention their different types.
12. What is species richness?
13. What do you mean by Endemic species?
14. What is key stone species? Write two examples.
15. Describe the Ex-situ Conservation with examples?
16. Define Endangered Species with two examples?
17. What do you mean by biodiversity hot spot?
Section –C
(Answer any six questions)
18. What is meant by sampling?
19. Explain the Project Tiger .Name the major tiger Reserves in India?
20. What do you mean by Gene bank? How it helps to conserve biodiversity?
21. Briefly mention the value of biodiversity?
22. Write a note on Nilgiri biosphere reserve.
23. Write a note on Kyoto Protocol.
24. Write a note on sampling methods in the ecological studies.
25. Write a note on key stone species
5x2=10 marks
6x5=30 marks
Section –D
(Answer any two questions)
26. What are the major threats to biodiversity?
27. Write a note on In-situ and Ex-situ Conservation of biodiversity.
28. Explain People’s Movement for environmental protection and biodiversity
conservation.
29. Give an account of
a) Global strategy for biodiversity conservation.
b) Documentation of biodiversity.
2x15=30marks
Unit-I
Semester 3
EWM3B03T – Chemistry of the Environment
3Hrs/Week 3 Credit
Introduction to Environmental Chemistry: Concept and scope of environmental chemistry,
Branches of environmental chemistry, Fundamentals of environmental chemistry
Stoichiometry, Gibb’s energy, chemical potential, chemical equilibria, Acid -base reactions,
Solubility products, Solubility of gases in water, the carbonate system, unsaturated and
saturated hydrocarbons, Radio nuclides- Natural and Artificial Radioactivity.
(9Hours)
Unit-II
Atmospheric Chemistry –I
Atmosphere - Structure, strata and chemical composition of air, elements, chemical speciation, particles,
ions and radicals in the atmosphere, chemical processes for formation of organic and inorganic particles,
Chemistry of air pollutants, photo chemical reaction in the atmosphere.
Unit-III
(9Hours)
Atmospheric Chemistry –II
Oxygen and Ozone Chemistry, green house gases and green house effects, global warming, ElNino, La-Nina, Earth radiation balance, Temperature inversion, Acid rain, photo chemical
smog.
(9Hours)
Unit-IV
Hydro Chemistry
Introduction to hydro chemistry of water, chemical composition of water samples, structure
and bonding of water, Formation of Hydrogen bonding, structure of ice, Auto ionization,
amphoteric nature, electrolysis of water, reactivity of water towards alkali and alkaline earth
metals.
Solubility of gases in water, complexation in natural water and waste water, eutrophication
(9Hours)
Unit-V
Soil Chemistry
Introduction to soil chemistry, chemical composition of Lithosphere and soil, chemistry of soil
formation, sorption and precipitation reaction in soil, oxidation and reduction reaction in soil,
anion and cation exchange capacity, soil pH
(9Hours)
Unit-VI
Tools and Techniques in Environmental Chemistry
Principles of Analytical methods, Titrimetry, gravimetry, colourimetry, spectro photometry,
chromatography, Atomic absorption spectroscopy, Chromatography, TLC- paper and ion
exchange Electrophoresis, X-ray fluorescence, Flame photometry, Complex metric titrations,
Principles of Photochemistry.
(9Hours)
Reference
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Environmental Chemistry, 2005, B.K Sharma, Goel publication
Environmental Chemistry 2003, A.K. De, New Age Publications
Environmental Chemistry, 2006, Tyagi OD, Mehra M and Mehta M, Anmol publications
A Text Book of Environmental Chemistry and Pollution, Control, 1993, Dara S.S. (S.
Chand & Co.), New Delhi
Essential Environmental Studies, 2009. S. P. Mishra, S. N. Pandey (Ane Books Pvt Ltd,
Chennai)
Physical Chemistry 1980, P. L. Soni (S. Chand & Co.), New Delhi
Semester 4
EWM4B04T –Ecotoxicology
3Hrs/Week 3 Credit
Unit-I
Introduction to Toxicology: Concepts of toxins, toxicity and toxicology, sub disciplines of
toxicology- Environmental toxicology, aquatic toxicology, forensic toxicology, chemical
toxicology, Toxicogenomics; Types of toxicants, classification of toxicants - factors that affect
environmental concentration of toxicants. Dose effect and Dose response relationship, levels of
toxicity- acute and chronic
(9Hours)
Unit-II
Toxic chemicals in the Environment:
a) Air Pollutants; SO2, NOX, H2S, particulate matter, ozone, Hydrocarbons, Dioxins and Heavy
metals, secondary pollutant
b) Water Pollutants; Industrial chemicals, agro chemical and fertilizers- Ammonium Sulphate,
Potash, urea, pesticides-organ chlorines (DDT, BHC, and Endosulphan), organic phosphates
(Malathion, Parathion) and carbamates (Carbaryl, Thimet) persistent organic pollutants (POP’s),
radioactive materials
c) Solid Pollutants; Urban waste, Pollutants biodegradable and non-biodegradable, materials,
fly ash, E-waste etc
(9Hours)
Unit-III
Biological concept relating to pollutants: Biotransformation, bio magnification, bio
concentration, bio accumulation, bio activation, POP’s (DDT, PCBs, Toxaphene etc) and Heavy
metals (Mercury, Arsenic, Lead, Cadmium etc.)
(9Hours)
Unit-IV
Methods in ecotoxicology: LD50, MATC Standards
Food adulteration: Common adulterants, International and incidental adulteration, Methods for
detection of food adulterant.
Food additives – Safety of food additives and preservatives, food additive regulations, Food
standards, Food laws and Food regulations
Food poisoning-food poising caused by chemicals, poisonous plants and micro organisms,
factors contributing to outbreak of food poisoning
(9Hours)
Unit-V
Methods and principles of food preservation: Preservation by pickling, using sugar, antibiotics,
chemicals, by drying, fermentation, cooling, concentration and heating Preservation of milk
products, Preservation of beverages
(9Hours)
Reference
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Environmental Chemistry, 2005, B. K Sharma, Goel publication
Environmental Chemistry 2003, A. K. De, New Age Publications
Food Adulteration, 1976, Jacob Thankamma, MC Millan Publishers Pvt Ltd
Food preservation and processing, 2004, Kalia M and S Sood, Kalyani publication,
Ludhiana, New Delhi
Environmental Biology and Toxicology, 2005, P. D. Sharma
Modern Toxicology, P. K. Gupta and D.K. Shinlee, 2009
Elements of Toxicology, 1991, J.P. Shukla and K Pandey, Radha publication, New Delhi
Fundamental of Aquatic Toxicology, G.M.R and S.R. Perocelli, 1985, Hemisphere
publishing Corporation, Washington
EWM4B04T –Eco Toxicology
Time: 3Hrs
(Model Question Paper)
Total Marks -80
Section –A
(Answer all questions)
1. What for the abbreviation MIC stand?
2. Minamata disease is caused by which metal?
3. What is Bone seeker nuclear fallout?
4. What is Endogenous poison?
5. What is Botulism?
6. An example for photochemical oxidant.
7. Itai - Itai disease is caused by which metal?
8. What is Black foot disease?
9. What for the abbreviation LD50 stand?
10. Define Eco mark
10x1=10 marks
Section –B
(Answer any five questions)
11. What is toxicology?
12. What do you mean by toxico-genomics?
13. What is close effect?
14. What are acid fumes?
15. What is meant by secondary pollutant?
16. What is persistent organic pollutant?
17. What is Fly ash?
Section –C
(Answer any six questions)
18. Distinguish between biotransformation and biomagnifications.
19. Describe the common food adulterants used in adulteration practices.
20. Briefly describe the E-waste and its effect on land.
21. Write a note on food standards in National and International levels...
22. What is particulate matter? How do they cause air pollution?
23. Write a note on global warming.
24. Describe briefly photochemical smog.
25. Write a note on organo chlorine pesticide with examples.
5x2=10 marks
6x5=30 marks
Section –D
(Answer any two questions)
26. What are the major factors that affect concentration of toxicants in the environment?
27. Write a note on the factors contributing to the outbreak of food poisoning.
28. What is water pollution? What are the toxic chemicals in water?
29. Describe the various food preservation methods and food regulations.
2x15=30marks
Semester 5
EWM5B05T – Earth Science
4Hrs / Week
UNIT I
4 Credit
Origin of Earth: Theories pertaining to Earth’s origin, Earth - crust, mantle and core
composition; continental drift, plate tectonics, Mountain building, orogenesis -types of
Mountains, Earthquakes and sea floor spreading
(10Hours)
UNIT II
Minerals: Rock forming and ore forming materials, Rocks- Brief classification and characteristic
megascopic features of different types of rocks
Weathering -Physical, Chemical and Biological
Costal sedimentation and landforms, Coastal erosion
(12Hours)
UNIT III
Atmosphere: Solar radiation –Absorption, Scattering, Reflection. Atmospheric Stratification,
Pressure gradient – Wind, formation, classification – cloud, formation, classification;
Precipitation mechanism, cloud seeding
(10Hours)
UNIT IV
Geographical Information System (GIS): Introduction, terminology and scope of (GIS),
Application of (GIS) in Environmental studies - Disaster, Management, Forestry, Agriculture,
Water Resource, Management, Waste Management, and Coastal Zone Management
(12Hours)
UNIT V
Tools and Techniques for studying environment: Biostatistics - classification and tabulation of
data using the given sample [s]
Construction of frequency curve, bar diagram, histogram and pie diagram (use suitable
classified data/ table), calculation of mean, median, mode, standard deviation and standard
error, correlation, probability, testing of hypothesis, null and alternate hypotheses, student's t
test
(15Hours)
UNIT VI
Computer application in Environment Science: MS Word, Excel / spread sheet (data, entry,
Generation of charts and graphs), Surfer (Generate contour map form a text file), web
resources (search, save, copy, image, text etc), Photoshop (processing images)
(13Hours)
Reference
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
Computer fundamentals, B. Ram, 2010, New Age International (P), Limited, New Delhi
Statistics, D. C Sancheti and V. K, Kapoor, 1991, S. Chand & Co.), New Delhi


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Environmental Geology, K. S. Valdia, 1987, Tata Mc Graw Hill Co Pvt Ltd – New Delhi
Principles of physical geology, A. Holmes, 1965, Ronal, New York
Concise guide to MS Office, Ron Mansfield, 2009, B. P. Publications
EWM5B05T –Earth Science
(Model Question Paper)
Time: 3Hrs
Total Marks -80
Section –A
(Answer all questions)
1. What for the abbreviation GIS stand?
2. What is Radiate energy
3. Define Exosphere?
4. What is soil erosion?
5. What are the uses of anemometer?
6. What is Earths heat balance?
7. Define Remote sensing
8. What is Earthquake?
9. What is acoustics of auditorium?
10. What is adiabatic lapse rate?
10x1=10 marks
Section –B
(Answer any five questions)
11. What is air pollution?
12. What is BOD?
13. Describe the flocculation of water
14. What is sewage?
15. What is an aqueduct?
16. What is Chlorination?
17. What are weathering processes?
5x2=10 marks
Section –C
(Answer any six questions)
18. Describe garbage
19. What is E- Waste? What are the major sources of E- Waste?
20. Write a note on physicochemical and biological characteristics of sewage?
21. Describe the methods for the disposal of sewage.
22. Briefly describe the public water distribution system.
23. Explain the water quality standards.
6x5=30 marks
EWM5B06T –Hydrology Water management and Conservation Practices
3Hrs/Week
3 Credit
Unit I
Hydrology : Definition, History of Hydrology, Branches of Hydrology- Chemical Hydrology, Eco
Hydrology, Hydrogeology, Hydro- informatics, Hydrometeorology, Isotope Hydrology, Surface
Hydrology, Stream Classification
(9Hours)
Unit II
Water cycle – Precipitation, Canopy interception, snow melt, run off, sub surface flow,
infiltration, evaporation, transpiration, sublimation, advection, condensation
(9Hours)
Unit III
Ground Water Hydrology: Ground Water table, seam –aquifer interactions, base flow
recession, porosity and permeability, hydraulic head and fluid potential, Darcy’s Law and
hydro conductivity . Heterogeneity and anisotropy, storage properties of aquifers, Equations of
ground water flow, well hydraulics, solute transport.
(9Hours)
Unit IV
Hydrologic Measurements:
a) Quantifying surface water flow – stage – discharge measurements
b) Quantifying ground water flow - Ground Water Pressure (Piezometer), ground water depth
(aquifer test); Conductivity, infiltration (infiltrometer), soil moisture (soil moisture meter,
gravimetric, method, capacitance probe, Time domain reflectometer, tensiometer);
Geophysical investigation - resistivity and seismic method – application of remote sensing
c) Quantifying hydrological exchange at the land –atmospheric boundary, Precipitation- Rain
and snow fall (Rain gauge), Humidity (sling psychrometer, thermo hydrograph), Evaporation
(Evaporation pan), Transpiration
(9Hours)
Unit IV
Water Management and Conservation Practices:
Water Conservation, water shed, management, Wetland Conservation, Recharge pits and rain
water, harvesting, Contour bunding, Drip irrigation, Channel irrigation and flood irrigation
(9Hours)
Reference
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A Text Book of Hydrology, Jayaram Reddy, 2002, Lakshmi Publishers, New Delhi
Hydrology for Engineers, K. Subramanya, 1984, Tata Mc Grace Hills Publications, New
Delhi
Ground water Hydrology, D.K. Toad, John Wiley and sons Publications, New York
Hydrology, H. M. Ragunath, 1985, Wiley Eastern Publications, New Delhi
EWM5B06T –Hydrology Water management and Conservation Practices
Time: 3Hrs
(Model Question Paper)
Total Marks -80
Section –A
(Answer all questions)
1. Define hydrology?
2. What is the significance of infiltrometer?
3. What is hydrometeorology?
4. What is Oceanography?
5. What is the importance of sedimentary rock?
6. What is evaporation pan?
7. In which purpose thermo graph is used?
8. What is gravimetric method??
9. What for the abbreviation LD50stand?
10. Define Ecomark
10x1=10 marks
Section –B
(Answer any five questions)
11. What is hydrology?
12. What do you mean by solute transport?
13. What is runoff?
14. What is aquifer?
15. Explain water balance of a region?
16. Describe the water cycle?
17. Write the different types of hydrology
5x2=10 marks
Section –C
(Answer any six questions)
18. Explain Darcy’s Law
19. Describe the common food adulterants used in adulteration practices.
20. Briefly describe the Measurements of evaporation
21. Write a note on rain water harvesting
22. What is Rain gauge? What are the different types of Rain gauge?
23. Write a note on resistivity and seismic method to explore ground water...
24. How to measure infiltration of ground water?
25. What is aquifer? How to classify it?
6x5=30 marks
Section –D
(Answer any two questions)
26. What are the major water management practices?
27. Write a note on hydrology, hydro informatics, hydrometeorology and chemical
hydrology
28. What is ground water formation?
29. What are the applications of statistics in hydrological studies?
2x15=30marks
EWM5B07T –Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology
4Hrs/Week
4 Credit
UNIT I
Introduction to Microbiology: History, Scope, Types, structure, biology and classification of
Bacteria, Mycoplasma, Fungi, Algae and Virus - identification.
(12Hours)
UNIT II
Rules, regulations and tools in Microbiology: Basic principles of Autoclave, Hot air, oven,
Laminar air flow
Microscopy - Bright field, phase contrast, dark, field, fluorescent and Electron microscopy (SEM,
TEM)
Centrifuge and Spectrophotometer
(12Hours)
UNIT III
Sampling Techniques: Preparation of samples, types of media; sterilization, techniques, culture
and preservation of microorganism, methods of estimation and isolation of microorganism in
soil, water and milk
(12Hours)
UNIT IV
Soil microbiology: microbial flora of soil, interaction among soil microorganism, role of soil
microorganisms - Nitrogen, Carbon and Sulphur cycles.
Aquatic microbiology :sources of water, sources of water pollution, standards of water microorganism in pond, lake and sea, microbiology of domestic water, purification of domestic
water, determination of sanitary quality of water, standard plate count method -membrane
filter technique, MPN, microbiology of sewage water – methods of sewage treatment -physical
and biological
Air microbiology –Distribution, Techniques and role of air microorganisms
(12Hours)
UNIT V
Microbial Genetics: Gene and Gene concept, Nucleic acids - DNA (Watson and Crick Model),
properties, function, biological significance, replication of DNA -RNA
Concept of the Gene mutations, conjugation, transduction, Plasmids, microbial control of
environmental pollution, Genetic Engineering and recombinant DNA techniques, tools, host and
vector desired DNA, enzymes, mechanisms
(9Hours)
UNIT VI
Industrial Microbiology: microorganism and industry, fermentation technology, fermentation
products- alcohols, amino acids, organic acids, Biogas, ethanol, vinegar, Chemotherapy and
antibiotics .
Agricultural Microbiology: bio-fertilizers, mycorrhiza, biopesticides, harmful microbes.
Food Microbiology: microorganism of food sources, factors affecting microbial growth, food
poisoning, and food preservation.
(15Hours)
Reference
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Microbiology, Paul. A. Ketchum, 1984, John Wiley and Sons, New York
Microbiology, L. M. Prescott, J. P. Harley, D. A. Klein, 1993. 2nd Ed. Wm. C. Brown
Publishers,
Microbiology- M. J. Pelczar, E. C. S. Chan, N.R.Kreig.1996. Mc Graw Hill Books Co., New
York
Bacterial Metabolism, Doelle, N.W, 1975, 2nd Ed, Academic Press
Microbial Genetics- D. Freigelder, 1987 .Jones Bartlett Publishers Inc, Boston
Introduction to Environmental Microbiology, Mitchell R, 1974, Prentice Hall Int
Introduction to Soil Microbiology.M.Alexander.1977Ny. John Wiley and Sons
Aquatic Microbiology –G.Rheinheimer.1991.4th Ed. John Wiley and Sons
Microbial Biotechnology- A. N. Glazer, H.Nikadio.1995.W.H.Freeman & Co., New York
Bacteriology- Salle
A text book of Microbiology, Ananthanarayanan R and CK Jayaram Panicker, 1994,
Microbiology, A. Mani, A. M. Selvaraj , 2010, 6th edit, Saras publication
EWM5B07T –Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology
Time: 3Hrs
(Model Question Paper)
Total Marks -80
Section –A
(Answer all questions)
1. Define lyophilization?
2. What is the significance of culture media?
3. What is the use of Seitz filter?
4. Expand the form of SEM?
5. What are the predaceous fungi?
6. What is putrefaction?
7. Define the plasmids?
8. What is the significance of vaccination??
9. What are methanogens?
10. Define sterilization
10x1=10 marks
Section –B
(Answer any five questions)
11. What is gene mutation?
12. What do you mean by cloning solute transport?
13. What is nitrogen fixation?
14. What is meant by culture of microorganism?
15. What is inoculation needle?
16. What is a pollution indicator?
17. What is DNA?
Section –C
(Answer any six questions)
5x2=10 marks
18. Explain the major cultures used in microbial analysis.
19. Describe the preparation of microbial samples.
20. Briefly describe sterilization.
21. Write a note on the recombinant of DNA and its implication in biotechnological
research?
22. What are the major aquatic micro organisms?
23. Briefly describe the principle and working pattern of Laminar air flow and Hot air oven
24. Write a method to identify the virus in the environmental component.
25. Write a note on plasmids.
6x5=30 marks
Section –D
(Answer any two questions)
26. How the microbial genetics helps to control environmental pollution?
27. Write a note on the methods of estimation and isolation of micro organisms in air,
water and soil
28. Describe the structure and classification of bacteria.
29. Explain the organic farming practices. What is the role of microbiology in organic
farming?
2x15=30marks
Ewm5B08T- Environmental Physics I
3 Hrs / Week
3 Credit
UNIT I
Motion
Velocity, Acceleration, Motion in vertical plane, projectile motion, Laws of motion, Mass and
Weight, Vertical motion of air parcel in the atmosphere - Adiabatic process, Vertical stability of
atmosphere - temperature inversion and air pollution, horizontal motion in the atmosphere ,
wind, Forces independent of velocity, Forces dependent of velocity, geostrophic gradient wind,
friction layer wind
(15 hours)
UNIT II
Fluids: Hydrostatic pressure, Pascal’s principle, Archimedes’s principle, specific gravity, Hydro
meter, fluid flow, Bernoulli’s principle, Torricelli’s theorem, stream flow, Stream flow
measurement, area velocity method, vertical axis, water current meter, Triangular weir stage
- Discharge relationship.
(15 hours)
UNIT III
Temperature and heat: Temperature, Heat, Heat transfer, Heat capacity, specific heat, Gas
laws, Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, Ideal gas law X, rays - production and detection, wavelength of
X rays
(12 hours)
UNIT IV
Energy of the atmosphere: solar energy, Absorption by the atmosphere, scattering, reflection,
Absorption by earth - Terrestrial radiation, thermal balance of earth
(12 hours)
References
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Applied Physics, Arthur Beiser, Schaum’s Outline Series, Mc Graw Hill Book Co., New York, 4th
edition, 2004
The Atmosphere, Frederick K Lutgens and Edward J Tarbuck, Prentice – Hall Inc., New
Jersey, 1994
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Physics for Technical Education, Dale Ewen, Leroy Heaton, Prentice Hall, Inc., New
Jersey, 1981
Introduction to Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Fredrick J Busche, Mc Graw Hill
Book Company, New York
Introduction to Modern Physics, Richtmyer Kennard and Cooper, Tata Mc Graw Hill Pub
Co., New Delhi, 2011
Elements of Modern Physics, Patil SH, Tata Mc Graw Hill Pub Co Ltd., New Delhi, 1995
Applied Hydrology, K. N. Mutreja, Tata Mc Graw Hill Pub Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 1986
V Semester - Open Course
(For students of other main subjects)
EWM5D01- Chemistry in Every Day Life
3Hrs/ week 2Credit
UNIT I
Soaps, detergents and surfactants: preparation, Difference between soap and detergents,
cleaning action of soaps and detergents, Soaps and detergents as pollutants, Shampoo and
toilet soap preparation
(9Hours)
UNIT II
Food poisoning: food poisoning caused by chemicals, poisonous plants and microorganisms,
food hygiene in the prevention of food poisoning
(9Hours)
UNIT III
Green Chemistry: Principles of Green Chemistry, Design of Green Synthesis, prevention of
waste and byproducts, Atom Economy, prevention of chemical accidents, microwave assisted
green synthesis, Diels Alder reaction
(9Hours)
UNIT IV
Water Analysis : water quality monitoring, sampling, analysis of water, physic, chemicals and
biological parameters of water, water quality standards, WHO, BIS, Eutrophication.
(9Hours)
UNIT V
Solid waste management: Solid Wastes, Types, disposal methods, sanitary land filling,
incineration, recycling, composting, composting methods, indoor and Bangalore method,
Windows method, Vermi-composting
(9Hours)
UNIT VI
Environmental Issues:
a) Global warming and Green House Effect, Acid, rain, Bhopal Tragedy
b) Environmental Movements: Plachimada movement, Silent valley movement, Narmada
Bachao Andolan and Chipko movement
(9Hours)
References
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Green Chemistry, Ahluwalia V.K. 2006, Ane Books Pvt. Ltd
New trends in Green Chemistry, Ahluwalia V.K. and M. Kidwai, 2004, Springer science
Environmental Chemistry, 2005, B.K Sharma, Goel publication
Environmental Chemistry 2003, A.K. De, New Age Publi
Essential Environmental Studies, 2009, S. P. Mishra and S. N. Pandey (Ane Books Pvt Ltd,
Chennai)
Semester 6
EWM6B09T–Environmental Engineering
4Hrs/Week 4 Credit
UNIT I
Development and Scope of Environmental Engineering:
Air Pollution - Definition, Air quality, standards, emission standards, source and classification
of air pollutants, Air pollution control - Pollution minimizing practices, Air pollution control
devices and technologies, Control of stationary source emissions, particulate emissions,
gaseous emissions and control of mobile source emissions
(9 Hours)
UNIT II
Water supply and Treatment:
Water requirements, factors affecting the rate of demand, need for protected water supply,
water supply schemes, Conveyance of water (Open channels, aqueducts, pipes), intakes, types
of intakes, factors governing location and construction of intakes
Water Quality monitoring, Sampling analysis of water, physico-chemical and biological
Parameters of water, water quality standards -BIS, WHO, USEPA
(9 Hours)
UNIT III
Purification of water: Treatment process and treatment plants
Distribution System - Methods of distribution (Gravity system, pumping system, dual system
water storage, system of supplying water (Continuous system and intermittent system),
Leakage detection, prevention and rectification
(9 Hours)
UNIT IV
Sanitary Engineering:
Scope of sanitary, engineering, Terminology of sanitary engineering, sewage, domestic sewage,
industrial effluents storm water, sullage, refuse, garbage, sewer, sewerage, Methods of disposal
of sewage (Conservancy system, water carriage system)
(9 Hours)
UNIT V
Sewerage system:
Shapes of sewers (rectangular, circular, semi elliptical, horseshoe, egg shaped ), Materials for
sewers (store ware, plain cement concrete, RCC precast, AC pipe, Cast iron, steel), Laying
sewers (setting out the alignment for sewer, excavation of trenches, bracing and dewatering of
trenches, laying of pipe and joining, pipes, back filling).
(9 Hours)
UNIT VI
Sewer appurtenances:
Manholes, drop manholes, street inlet, catch basin, flushing tanks, siphons, regulators
Characteristics of sewage - Strength of sewage, sample of sewage, physico-chemical and
biological characteristics of sewage
Analysis of sewage - Physical, chemical and biological tests
(9 Hours)
UNIT VII
Sewage Treatment:
Importance of sewage treatment, broad outline of sewage treatment (preliminary treatment,
primary treatment, secondary or biological treatment disinfection) Sewage disposal methods
of sewage, natural methods ( dilution and land treatment ), miscellaneous treatments
(oxidation ponds, aerated lagoons, oxidation ditch, anaerobic lagoons ), Disposal of sewage in
limited quantities- septic tank
Solid waste management - Sources and generation of solid wastes, their characterization,
reduce-reuse-recycle paradigm
Chemical composition and classification of solid wastes, methods of disposal and management
of solid waste (hospital waste and hazardous waste), rules regarding solid waste management,
recycling of waste material, waste minimization technologies.
(9 Hours)
References


Elements of environmental engineering, 1996, K. N. Duggal, S. Chand & Co
Environmental Chemistry, 1994, B.K Sharma, Goel publication

Physico-chemical examination of water sewage and industrial effluents, 2005, N Manivasakam,
5th ed, Pragathi Prakashan, Meerut
Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 2013, American Public Health
Association (APHA), the American Water Works Association (AWWA), and the Water
Environment Federation (WEF)
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Environmental water and soil analysis, 1996, P R Trivedi, Akashdeep Publication, New
Delhi
Environmental Chemistry, 2003, A.K. De, New Age Publ
EWM 6B09T-Environmental Engineering
(Model Question Paper)
Time: 3hrs
Total Marks: 80
SECTION A (Answer all questions)
1. Which of the following can cause depletion of ozone?
a) H2S
b) Smoke
c) NO
d) Aerosol
2. The presence of which of the following gases in the air checks the ultraviolet light from
sunlight?
a) Sulphur dioxide
b) Nitrogen oxide
c) Carbon dioxide
d) Ozone
3. Which of the following causes damage to the blood?
a) Calcium
b) Carbon monoxide
c) Arsenic
d) Mercury
4. Mercury is emitted in to air by:
a) Burning coal
b) Coal fire
c) Burning garbage
d) Steam engine
5. Waste water treatment plant contributes major quantities of:
a) Oxygen demanding substances
b) Dissolved oxygen
c) Magnesium
d) Lead
6. Which of the following organisms is most tolerant to sewage pollution?
a) Scenedesmus
b) Chironomous
c) Daphnia
d) Chlorella
7. Composting offers a method of processing and recycling of:
a) Garbage
b) Sewage sludge
c) Both the above
d) None of these
8. The problem of waste management is becoming complicated day to day due to:
a) Obsolete techniques employed for waste management
b) Large population
c) Insanitary methods adopted for disposal of solid waste
d) All the above
9. Computer parts are categorized as
a) E- waste
b) Solid waste
c) Hazardous waste
d) Sludge
10. Which of the following is an important water pollutant?
a) CO2
b) CH4
c) NOx
d) H2S
(10x1=10 marks)
SECTION–B
(Answer any five questions)
11. What is manhole?
12. Distinguish between sewage and garbage
13. What is meant by fly ash?
14. What are stationary sources of air pollution? How can they be controlled?
15. Define BOD.
16. Which one is a better parameter to measure organic pollution; BOD or COD? Justify.
17. What is oxidation pond?
18. What is landfill?
(5x2=10marks)
SECTION–C
(Answer any six questions)
19. Write short notes on
a) Flushing tanks
b) Inverted siphon
20. Give an account of shapes of cross section of sewers
21. How can leakage be detected in a water distribution system?
22. What are physico-chemical and biological parameters of water?
23. Explain the working of septic tank.
24. Give three methods to control particulate emission.
25. What are the different methods of sewage disposal?
(6x5=30marks)
SECTION–D
(Answer any two questions)
26. What are the different methods of disposal of solid waste? Write briefly about
waste minimization technologies.
27. Explain the different steps in laying sewers.
28. What are the physico-chemical and biological characteristics of sewage? How can they be
analyzed?
29. Explain the steps involved in purification of water
(2x15=30marks)
EWM 6B10T – Environmental Issues and sustainable development
3Hrs/Week 3 Credit
UNIT I
Environmental pollution: Definition, causes of environmental pollution, population,
urbanization, industrialization, resource, consumption, deforestation, agriculture and
transportation
UNIT II
(9Hours)
Types of Pollution: Air Pollution, Sources, effects and control measures, Water Pollution Sources, effects and control measures, Land Pollution - Sources, effects and control measures,
Noise Pollution - Sources, effects and control measures, Thermal Pollution - Sources, effects
and control measures, Oil Pollution - Sources, effects and control, measures, Electro smog
UNIT III
(9Hours)
Some pollution causing industries and control:
Sugar mills and distilleries – their manufacturing process, Source and characteristics of waste,
effects of waste, Treatment process of waste
Paper and pulp industries – their manufacturing process, Source and characteristics of waste,
effects of waste, Treatment process of waste.
Tannery - their manufacturing process, Source and characteristics of waste, effects of waste,
Treatment process of waste.
Textile – their manufacturing process, Source and characteristics of waste, effects of waste,
Treatment process of waste.
Cement - their manufacturing process, Source and characteristics of waste, effects of waste,
Treatment process of waste.
(9Hours)
UNIT IV
Major Environmental Issues:
Major Environmental Issues: Global climate change, green house, effects, Global, warming,
change in rain fall, pattern, storms, sea, level, change, change in agricultural productivity; El
Nino and La Nino
(9Hours)
UNIT V
Sustainable Development:
Concept of sustainable development, Sustainable development approaches, Environmental
friendly products and technologies, non - polluting energy sources, Equity in resource
distribution and consumption, Revival of traditional system of development with modern
scientific knowledge. Industrial plant location and sustainable city planning
(9Hours)
UNIT V
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA):
Introduction to EIA objectives of an EIA , study, components of an EIA study; Environmental
Impact statement and Environmental Management plan, EIA guidelines – 1994, Notification of
Government of India, Environmental Impact Assessment methodologies, Generalized approach
to impact analysis, Concept of Environmental Audit - Guidelines for environmental audit,
Environmental monitoring programmes, Remedial measures for negative impact
(9Hours)
References
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A Text Book of Environmental science, 2004, S.S. Purohit, Shammi, Q. , Land A .K
Agarwal, student edition publishers, Jodhpur
Environmental Impact Analysis, 1977, L. W. Caster, Mc Grace Hill, publication, New Delhi
Environmental Chemistry, 1996, A. K. De, 3rd Ed, New Age Publ
Environmental, science, 2009, V. K. Ahluwalia and Sunitha Malhotra, Ane Books Pvt Ltd
publishers, New Delhi
Environmental science, 2007, Anil Tyagi, Danika publishing company, New Delhi
Environmental Controversies, 2002, S. K. Agarwal and P. S. Dubey, APH Publishing
Corporation, New Delhi
Perspectives in Environmental studies, 2004, Anubha Kaushik, New Age Intl Publ, New
Delhi
EWM6B10T – Environmental Issues and sustainable development
(Model Question Paper)
Time: 3Hrs
Total Marks -80
Section –A
(Answer all questions)
1. Define bio-magnification?
2. What is the eutrophication?
3. Name the gases of green house effect?
4. Expand the form of POP’s?
5. What is thermo pollutant?
6. What is industrialization?
7. Define the tertiary pollutant?
8. Name the leader of Narmada Bachao Andolan?
9. What is Chernobyl accident?
10. Define. .environment
Section –B
(Answer any five questions)
11. What is hazardous waste?
12. What are non renewable resources?
13. What is water logging?
14. What is meant by nuclear fallout?
15. Write a note on Bhopal gas tragedy?
16. What is photochemical smog?
17. Write a note on afforestation. ?
Section –C
(Answer any six questions)
10x1=10 marks
5x2=10 marks
18. Explain the causes and concerns of population explosion.
19. Describe non-polluting energy sources with examples. .
20. Briefly describe various effects of environment on human health. .
21. Define wetlands. How to classify them?
22. Discuss the various issues related to displacement, resettlement and rehabilitation of
large population.
23. Briefly describe the sustainable energy consumption.
24. Write a method to identify the virus in the environmental component.
25. What are the major causes of environmental pollution?
6x5=30 marks
Section –D
(Answer any two questions)
26. What is pollution? How to classify it? Describe its control measures.
27. What is Global climate change? How does it affect the environment?
28. i) Describe the strategies for sustainable development.
ii) Explain the EIA with its objectives?
2x15=30marks
EWM 6B11T – Natural Resource Conservation and Disaster Management
3Hrs/Week 3 Credit
UNIT I
Natural Resource Conservation:
Natural Resource - Definition, concept, classification of natural resource (Renewable and non
renewable resources)
Renewable resources - Land as a resource, land degradation and its causes, conservation
measures
Water resources - uses and over utilization of surface and ground water, conflict over water,
conservation practices
Forest resources - uses and over exploitation, deforestation, Timber extraction, forestation
Plants and animal resources -uses and over exploitation, species extinction, control measures
(9 Hours)
UNIT II
Non Renewable Resources:
Energy Resources: Non renewable energy resources – Fossil fuels (Coal, Petroleum and natural
gas), nuclear fuel
Renewable energy resources (Biomes, bio fuel, hydropower, tidal energy, wave energy, wind
energy, geo thermal energy, magneto hydrodynamic power, Hydrogen energy)
(9 Hours)
UNIT III
Mineral Resources: Mineral wealth of our planet, non renewable nature of mineral deposits,
the Inexhaustible nature of mineral elements, use and exploitation of mineral resources,
environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, Remedial measures
Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and over grazing, effects
of modern agriculture merits of conventional agriculture system
(9 Hours)
UNIT IV
Natural Hazards:
Flood – Causes, nature, urbanization and flooding, Flood mitigation methods.
Landslides – Causes, prevention and correction.
Coastal hazards – Tropical cyclone and tsunamis, coastal erosion, sea level changes and impact
on coastal areas.
Earthquakes – Causes, intensity and magnitude of earthquakes, nature of destruction,
protection from earthquake hazards.
(9 Hours)
UNIT V
Volcanism- Nature, extend and causes of volcanism, volcanic materials and pollution
Lighting - Adverse effects, mitigation measures
Disaster management - concept and scope of disaster management / emergency management
Phases and professional activities – Mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery
(9 Hours)
UNIT VI
Tools of Disaster Management - Emergency Management Information Systems (EIMS)
organization related to disaster management
International Organizations - International Association of Emergency Managers, Red cross /
Red Crescent United Nations, World Bank
(9 Hours)
Reference
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Ecology and Environment, 2008-2009. P.D. Sharma (Rasthogi Publications, Meerut)
A Text Book of Environmental Studies, 2006, D.K. Asthana, Meera Asthana (S. Chand &
Co.)
Essential Environmental Studies, 2009, S. P. Mishra, S. N. Pandey (Ane Books Pvt. , Ltd,
Chennai)
Text Book of Environmental Studies, Erach , Bharucha, 2005 .Orient Longman Pvt. Ltd,
A Text Book of Environmental science, 2004, S.S. Purohit, Shammi Q. , L and A K
Agarwal, student edition publishers, Jodhpur
Environmental science, 2007, Anil Tyagi, Danika publishing company, New Delhi
Environmental science and Engineering, 2008, Anubha Kaushik, New Age Intl Publ, New
Delhi
Environmental Biology, Resource and Environmental Science series, 1980, EJW
Barrington, Edward Arnold (pub) Ltd. London
Disaster management in Hills 2003, D. R Satendra, Concept Pub Co, New Delhi
EWM 6B11T – Natural Resource Conservation and Disaster Management
(Model Question Paper)
Time: 3Hrs
Total Marks -80
Section –A
(Answer all questions)
1. Define renewable resources?
2. What is tsunami?
3. Name the gases of green house effect?
4. Expand the form of LPG?
5. What is thermo pollutant?
6. Expand the form of IPPC?
7. Expand the form of WHO?
8. Another name of mineral oil?
9. What is Cleaner Fuel?
10. Define. Deforestation?
10x1=10 marks
Section –B
(Answer any five questions)
11. What is land degradation?
12. What are non renewable resources?
13. What is Species extinction?
14. Explain magneto hydrodynamic power.
15. What is conventional agriculture system?
16. Write a note on Bhopal gas tragedy?
17. What is land slide ?
18. Write a note on afforestation. ?
5x2=10 marks
Section –C
(Answer any six questions)
19. What are the merits and demerits of conventional agriculture System?
20. Describe the word volcanic materials with two examples.
21. Briefly describe various effects of environment on human health. .
22. Define waste lands. How to classify them?
23. Discuss the mineral wealth of India.
24. Briefly describe the geothermal energy.
25. Write a note on coastal erosion. How to control it /.
6x5=30 marks
Section –D
(Answer any two questions)
26. What are the major natural renewable and non renewable resources), How do they
deplete?
27. Write a note on Renewable and non renewable resources
28. What is a natural hazard? Explain it with mitigation measures.
29. Explain briefly the Disaster Management System?
2x15=30marks
EWM6B12T - Environmental Physics II
3 Hrs / Week - 3 credits
UNIT I
Sound: Nature of sound, Physiological and physical properties, speed of sound, interference
of sound waves, Resonance, Doppler effect, Acoustics of auditorium, Thunder and lightning
(12 hours)
UNIT II
Nuclear Physics: Constituents of the nucleus, Nuclear charge, Mass and binding energy
Radioactivity - Alpha, Beta and gamma emission, successive disintegration, Radioactive series nuclear
reactions, Energy released in fission and fusion
(12 hours)
UNIT III
Remote sensing: Electromagnetic energy, Electromagnetic spectrum, Image characteristics,
source of remote sensing information, Aerial photography, Interaction between light and
matter, Film technology, characteristics of aerial photographs, stereo photography - Mosaics, IR
black and white photography, UV photography, additive primary colours, IR colour
photography, General features of manned satellite imagery and Landsat imagery, Application of
remote sensing
(15 hours)
UNIT IV
Radiation pollution:
Radioactive Pollution: Radiation - types and units-sources natural and man-made, Effects of
radioactive pollution atomic explosions and radioactive pollution.
Noise pollution: Sources, types, characteristics of sound, noise, intensity annoyance, impacts of
noise pollution. Noise levels in different cities of the World and in India.
(15 hours)
References:
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Applied Physics – Arthur Beiser, Schaum’s Outline Series, Mc Graw Hill Book Co, New
York, 4th edition, 2004
The Atmosphere – Frederick K Lutgens and Edward J Tarbuck, Prentice - Hall Inc, New
Jersey, 1994
Physics for Technical Education – Dale Ewen, Leroy Heaton, Prentice Hall, Inc, New
Jersey, 1981


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Introduction to Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Fredrick J Busche, Mc Graw Hill
Book Company, New York
Introduction to Modern Physics, FK Richtmyer, EJ Kennard and JN Cooper, Tata Mc Graw
Hill Pub Co., New Delhi, 2011
Elements of Modern Physics, Patil S H, Tata Mc Graw Hill Pub Co Ltd., New Delhi, 1995
Applied Hydrology, K. N. Mutreja, Tata Mc Graw Hill Pub Co Ltd., New Delhi, 1986
Elective paper
EWM6B13T – Environmental, Economics, Policies and Laws
3Hrs/Week
3 Credit
UNIT I
Concept of Environmental Economics:
Scope of environment economics, Need for integrated study of ecology and economics,
pollution and its effects on economy, Economic valuation techniques for environmental
benefits, solution to correct externalities (environmental regulations, cost benefit analysis,
quotas on pollution, taxes and tariffs on pollution ).
(9Hours)
UNIT II
Environmental Equity: Inequity in development, projects, Environment management, practices,
Development of internal standards and other International standards -ISO
(9Hours)
UNIT III
Environmental Policies and Laws: Historical background - Major environmental policy and laws
of Government of India for the protection of air, water, soil, forest, wild life etc.
a) Indian Forest Act-1927
b) Wild life protection Act -1972
c) The Water (Prevention and control of pollution) Act - 1974, EPA -1986.
(9Hours)
UNIT IV
The Air (Prevention and control of pollution) Act -1981
a) National Environmental Tribunal Act -1995
b) The Environmental appellate authority act -1997
c) Hospital Waste Management and Handling Rules -1998, MINAS
(9Hours)
UNIT V
Important International Conventions / Conference:
a) Stockholm Conference – 1972
b)
c)
d)
e)
Rio Summit – 1992
Montreal Protocol – 1987
Kyoto Protocol
Ramsar Convention – 1971, CBD
Objectives and Fields of Activity of United Nations related to the Environment – ESOSEC, UNDP,
WCED, UNEP, UNCED, IUCN
(9Hours)
UNIT VI
Environmental protection in India:
Natural Laws – The articles of Human Rights declaration related to environment - Article -3Right to life, Article -7-Equality before laws, Article -17 - Right to property, Article-23- Work
Environment.
Regulating Agencies in India- Ministry of Environment and Forest, Central and State Pollution
control Boards
(9Hours)
References:
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Environmental Laws and Policies in India, 1991, N.M Tripathi, Bombay, 1972
Economics of Environment, 1987, M.S. Adisheshiah
The Economics of Pollution, 1993, P .A. Victor, Matthau London Publication
Principles of Environmental Management, 1993, Rogene Bucholz, Prentice Hall
Publication Indian institute of ecology and Environment, New Delhi
‘Paristhithi Niyamangal' , 2002, Lohithakshan, Kerala State Institute of Languages
(Malayalam)
Hand Book of Environmental Laws , Acts, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and standards,
Vol. I & II 2004, BS, Publications, Hyderabad
Introduction to Environmental Legislation, 2009, B L Chavan, A R Shahane and C.S
Rawandale, Asian Inst Env Law , Karmala
EWM6B13T - Environmental, Economics, Policies and Laws
(Model Question Paper)
Time: 3Hrs
Total Marks -80
Section –A
(Answer all questions)
1. Define Environmental Protection Act.
2. What is acid rain?
3. Expand the form of IUCN
4. Expand the form of CBD
5. Expand the form of ESOSEC
6. Expand the form of UNDP
7. Expand the form of WCED
8. Expand the form of UNEP
9. Expand the form of UNCED
10. Expand the form of ISO
10x1=10 marks
Section –B
(Answer any five questions)
11. What is Montreal Protocol – 1987?
12. What is meant by Environmental Equity?
13. What is Environmental Pollution?
14. Explain Environmental Policy
15. What is Environment Pollution?
16. Write a note on Rio Summit 1992?
17. Describe the coverage of the Articles -3 of the constitution?
18. Write a note on afforestation. ?
5x2=10 marks
Section –C
(Answer any six questions)
19. What are the internal and international standards for environmental equity?
20. Describe the features of Wild Life Protection Act -1972?
21. Briefly describe various effects of environment on human health. .
22. What is the scope of environmental economics?
23. Briefly describe the Hospital Waste Management and Handling Rules 1998.
24. Write a note on Kyoto protocol 1997.
25. Give two examples for regional environmental problem?
6x5=30 marks
Section –D
(Answer any two questions)
26. Write a note on Environmental Protection Act?
27. Explain the Economic Valuation Technique For Environmental Protection
28. . Briefly explain the Air (prevention and control) Act -1981.
29. Describe the importance of water ( prevention and control ) Act-1974
2x15=30marks
PRACTICALS
EWM4B04P1- Environmental Biology Practical
2Hrs/Week(I and II semester practical examinations to be conducted at the end of the IVth
Semester)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Introduction of phytoplankton’s – Nostoc, Osillatoria, Volvox, Spirogyra, Oedogonia
Primary productivity –Light and Dark Bottle Method.
Terrestrial –Biomass.
Study of floral vegetation of local area /college campus.
Study of fauna vegetation of local area /college campus.
To find out minimum size of the quadrat for vegetation study.
Study of vegetation density by quadrat method.
Study of vegetation frequency by quadrat method.
Determination of water transparency by Secchi disc method.
Study of aerial photographs.
Study of Ecological Adaptations of Hydrophytes
Study of Ecological Adaptations of Xerophytes
Study of Ecological Adaptations of Epiphytes
Study of Ecological Adaptations of Halophytes
Field visit to terrestrial/aquatic environments/protected areas/area of ecological
interest.
16 Study tour (one day )
Reference
 Ecology work book, 1968 Mishra
 Manual of Microbiology – Tools and Techniques, 2008, Kanika Sharma, Ane Books India
EWM4B04P2-Environmental Chemistry Practicals
2 Hrs/week
(III and IV semester practical examinations to be conducted at the end of the
IVth semester)
I. Water Analysis
1 Determination of pH
2 Determination of conductivity
3 Determination of DO
4 Determination of total solids (Gravimetry)
5 Determination of total suspended solids (Gravimetry)
6 Determination of total dissolved solids (Gravimetry)
7 Determination of chlorides
8 Estimation of CO2
9 Estimation of Fe (colourimetry)
10 Estimation of residual chlorine
II -Soil analysis
1 Determination of soil pH
2 Determination of soil moisture content
3 Estimation of soil chloride
4 Determination of soil texture
EWM6B13P3-Environmental microbiology Practicals
2 Hrs/week
(V and VI semester practical examinations to be conducted at the end of the
VIth semester)
1 Introduction to common methods of sterilization
2 introduction to common laboratory instruments in Microbiology Like Hot Air Oven,
Auto Clave, Laminar Air Flow Cabinet and Incubator etc.
3 Microscopy and its maintenance
4 Simple Staining
5 Gram Staining (Curd)
6 Preparations of Media (Nutrient Broth and Nutrient Agar)
7 Fungal Staining (Mucor, Rhizopus, Penicillin)
8 Fungal cultures (Mucor, Rhizopus, Penicillin)
9 Plant Diseases (Tikka Disease in Groundnut, Blast of Paddy, Citrus Kanker, Leaf Spot
Disease in Tapioca)
10 Milk Quality Test
EWM6B13P4-Environmental chemistry Practicals
2 Hrs/week
(V and VI semester practical examinations to be conducted at the end of the
VIth semester)
I Water analysis
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Hardness
Chemical O2 Demand ( COD)
Biochemical Oxygen Demand. (BOD)
Estimation of Fluoride
Estimation of Phosphate
Estimation of Nitrate
Estimation of nitrite
Estimation of total nitrogen (Kjeldahl methods) (Demonstration)
Estimation of Na and K (Flame Photometry) (Demonstration).
Detection of Pesticides Using TLC, Paper Chromatography
Analysis of heavy metals – As, Hg, Pb, Cd demonstration
Estimation of SO4.
II Soil Analysis
1. Determination of TOC.
2. Determination of Ca2+ and Mg2+.
3. Analysis of soil sulphate (Gravimetry).
III Air quality Analysis (Demonstration only – One day trip to Kerala State Pollution
Control Board Palakkad)
1 Particulate matter
2 NOX
3 SOX
General course offered in the IVth semester for B.Sc.
Environment and Water Management programme
EWM4A08- Environment and Human Health
5 Hrs/Week
90 hours / Sem
4 Credits
UNIT -I
Introduction: Introduction to human health education, role of environmental health, vectorborne diseases and environment, life-style diseases, the need for human health education,
Healthy relationship with opposite sex. Gender discrimination in family and society, need for
awareness. Personal hygiene, Oral hygiene and sex Hygiene
(18 Hours)
UNIT -II
Sexually transmitted infectious diseases: Symptoms, mode of transmission, diagnosis,
treatment and prophylaxis of AIDS, Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Herpes (genital), human papilloma
virus and genital warts, hepatitis, gonococcal vulvo vaginitis, Trichomonal vaginitis, Socio
economic dimensions of STD
Prenatal Diagnosis: Different methods (invasive and non invasive), Female foeticide - Ethical
issues and laws (Mention Prenatal Diagnostic techniques – Prevention of misuse act –PNDT Act)
(18 Hours)
UNIT-III
Fertility Control: Natural methods, artificial methods, Contraceptive devices and medications,
Abortion, Legal termination of pregnancy, Vasectomy, Tubectomy, Vaccines and hormones in
fertility control.
Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies: Physiological infertility, pathological
infertility, causes and problems in male and female infertility, Assisted Reproductive
Technologies (ART) – IVF, ET, AI, GIFT, ZIFT, ICSI; Ovum and sperm bank, Embryo or oocyte
donation, health hazards in ART, cryopreservation of blastocysts and ethics, designer baby and
ethics
(18 Hours)
UNIT -IV
Common diagnostic techniques: Imaging techniques and purpose of imaging – Angiography, CT
scanning, MRI, PET, and Ultra sound scanning. Techniques to monitor body vital functions –
EEG, ECG, LFT
Laboratory diagnostic methods: ELISA, Western Blot, DNA finger printing, Paternity tests
Therapeutic methods: Endoscopies, Laser microscopy, haemodialysis, bypass surgery,
angioplasty
(18 Hours)
UNIT-V
Environmental disruption and human development: social and environmental alienation and
morbidity, Alcohol, drugs, nicotine and chemicals- brief account
Introduction to Eugenics, Euthenics and Euphenics
Brain death, organ donation and organ transplantation
(18 Hours)
Topics for Assignments and Seminars;
1. Sexual counseling
2. Population explosion and birth control
References
 Common sexual problems and solutions, 1994, Prakash Kothari, UBS Publishers and
Distributors Ltd
 Sexuality counseling An integrated approach, Pearson, 2005, Lynn L. Long, Judith A.
Burnett, R. Valorie Thomas, Merrill Prentice Hall
 Textbook of Medical Physiology, 2010, Guyton & Hall
 Human Physiology, 2003, Vander, Sherman and Luciano
 Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, 1994, Vijayakumaran Nair, K. and Paul, McGraw
Hill
Fly UP