...

;;;;il;;;;;;;1;,; ;;;il;;;;'; *

by user

on
Category:

electricity

2

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

;;;;il;;;;;;;1;,; ;;;il;;;;'; *
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
.
?
.sc Physics
(Abstract)
-
change in the syllabus implemented
-
orders issued.
GENERAL AND ACADEMIC BRANCH
No. GA. 11J2139212000
;;;il;;;;'; );
.I
Dated, Calicut University. P.O., 12.07.2005.
* ;;;;il;;;;;;;1;,;
(o ;,
Physics (PG) held on 01.04.2005
2. ltem No.2 (e) of the minutes of,the meeting of the Faculty of Science
held on 1p.05.2005.
3. ltem No. ll (A) of the minutes of the meeting of the Academ Council
hetdor1.f8.O6.2005.
'
ORDER
The Board of Studies in Physics (PG) at its meeting hetd on O1.M.O5 read as first
paper above vide item No:2 has proposed the following changes in the syllabus.
a)
PHY-104-Electronics:The second chapter has modified. The prescribed text
book has been changed. All the text books and reference books mentioned earlier
are to be deleted. (Copy appended)
b)
PHY
- 204 = Electrodvnamics : Chapter 6 and 7 has been modified and combined
ds'chapter 6 (Syllabus appended)
c)
:
Practical PHY - 105 and PHY 205
All the experiments should involve error
analysis and the students should be taught the procedure at the beginning of the
semester.
d)
PHY 402 A - Advanced Electronics
book for the course.
:
A text book of 'Go€nkar' is included as text
e)
PHY - 403 A - Electronic lnstrumentation
The section on Digital Voltmeter, onty
RAMP and STAIRCASE need to be included : Vector impedance meter and Vector
Voltmeter to be excluded.
0
PHY
g)
h)
i)
i)l
:
-
403 B
:
Two sections of Digital Signal Processing (PHY 403 E) to be
incorporated instead of first two chapters after the Sth Chapter of the cunent syllabus.
:
404 A. Quantum Filed Theorv
The Chapter 7 shall now contain .only
the following topias, Path lntegrals in non-retativistic Quantum Mechanics, Feynmbn
Path lntegral, Path integrals for Scalar Quantum fields, the Feynman propagatof
since the existing syllabus of Chapter - 7 is extensive.
PHY
-
PHY - 404 B : Experimental Techniques in Physics - Book of study to be ,Advanced
Experimental Techniques in Modern Physics' by K.M. Varrier, Antony Joseph and
P.V. Pradyumnan (in press)
,o
ob
to be compulsorily done.
design
is a compulsory part in the examination and
a few more experiments is included (list of experiments appended)
t
'a
The Faculty of Science at its meeting held on 18.05.2005 vide item no.2 (e) has
considered the minutes of he meeting of the Board of Studies in Physics (PG) held on
01.04.2005 and resolved to approve the minutes.
The Academic Counci! at its meeting held on 18.06.2005 has considered the minutes
of the meeting of the Faculty of Science and the minutes of the various Boards of studies
coming under the Faculty of science and resolved to approve the same.
Sanction has therefore been accorded to implement the change in syllabus of M.Sc
Physics as detailed above (A to J) with effect from 2005 admission onwards.
Orders are issued atcordingly.
sd/DEPUW REGTSTRAR (c&A
For REGISTRAR
To
The Principals of Colleges
Offering M.Sc Physics.
Copy to:
1) Controller of Examinations.
2) EXr
'
3) DR (Concerned)
4) Enquiry (Exam)
5) University Library
6) GAI'F'Section
8) SF tDF tFC.
TION OTTICER
Pgn 13.7.05 C;\My Dcumo!\PGMORDER\GA
tJ2-J92.2fi!O DT. t2.7.05.dc
r)
L
I
q.
PFIY 204 : Electrodvnamics
Modif ication of Chapters 6 and 7( cornbined as Chapter 6 )
Chapter 6 : Plasma Physfcs ( l6 hours)
Motion of charged particle in an electromagnetic field- uniform
electric and magnetic fields. Plasma- definition, concepts of plasma
parameter, Debye shielding, plasma oscillations. Derivation of
moment equation from Boltzmann equation. Hydromagnetic
waves, magnetosonic waves and Alfuen waves.
In paper pHy 104, the 2nd chapter is to be modified as follows :The prescribed text book
to be deleted'
trus U""n changed. All the texf and reference books tnentioned earlier are
and photonic devices
2. Microwave
..,rai
device
Tunnel diode, Transferred electron devices - negative differential resistance and
(LED) operation, radiative transitions and optical absorption, Light emitting diodes
carrier
inversion,
visible and IR, Semiconductor Iasers - rnaterials, operaLion (population
and optical confinetlrent, optical cavity and feedback. threshold current density)'
diode, p-n
Photocietectors - photocondu.to, lLigt t dependent t'eslstor - LDR) and photo
jLtnction solar cells - sllort circuit current. [ill factor and elficiency
Text book : SetnicondLtctor Devices
and Sons t20021
-
l'}hysics ancl 'fechnology
-
S'M'
Sze, John Wiley
a\
t
I.
Item No. 2(d) of the minutes
:
The syllabus for the paper 402A- Advanced Electronics has been re-written based on
both text books written by B. Ram and by Goenkar. The revised syllabus is enclosed.
II. Item No. 2 (f) of the minutes
The revised syllabus for the paper 403B
enclosed.
- COMMUNICATION ELECTRONICS
is
III. Item No. 2(i) - PHY 306 & 406 Practicals (Advanced Electronics)
The following three experiments are to be added to the existing list of experiments:
L Design, construction and testing of micro processor based frequency monitoring unit.
2. Design, construction and testing of micro processor based temperature monitoring
unlt.
3. Design, construction and testing of micro processor based over- and under- voltage
and current protection unit.
\--.
ELECTIVE I
PHY 402 A ADVANCED ELECTRONICS
Representation of
1. Data Representation: Positional number system, Binary number system,
number systems'
Other
integers, Representation of real numbers, Binary arithmetic,
(5 hours)
Character
representation'
2. Programming a Microprocessor: Organization of the 8085, Instruction set,
ProgramminB, The
Assembler
(6 hours)
ZilogZSO.
of two 8-bit & 16 bit
3. Examples of Assemblylanguage Programming: Addition ,subtraction
& 16 bit numbers
bit
8
numbers , One's-complemint ,Two's complement , Shifting of
of numbers in
Series
Square frori Look up table, Largest & smallest in a data array,
8 bit
numbers,
ascending and descending order, Sum of a series of 8 bit & 16 bit
a
number'
of
multiplication and division , Mutibyte addition & subtraction, Square root
(10 hours)
4. Microprocesisor Timings: Timings of Intel 8085, Timings of 280, Register Organization'
(5 hours)
Data
5. Interfacing Memory and V0 Devices: Address space partitioning, Memory interfacing'
Serial
transfer schemls, Programmed Data Transfer, Direct Memory Access data transfer,
data
-
transfer.
(E hours)
UO
6. General Purpose interfacing Devices: Generation of control signals for memory and
8255,
interface
peripheral
devices, VO Ports Intel 8212, 8155, Programmable
programmable DMA controller 8257, Programmable communication interface 8251,
programmable intemrpt Controller 8259, Programmable interval timer/countet 8253'
Special purpose interfacing Devices :The 8279 Programmable Keyboard /Display
(14 hours)
interface
7. Applications of Microprocessorri:
Microprocessor based data acquisition system : Analog to Digital converter, Clock for
A/D conversion , Sample and Hold circuit, Analog multiplexer, ADC 0800, Digital to
Analog Converter, DAC 080o,Realisation of A/D Converter using D/A Converter'
Miroprocessor applications : Delay subroutine, Tsegment LED display, FND 500/503'
507/510, MAN 74 A, MAN 72 ,Decoders/drivers 7448,ktterfacing of 7 segment display'
Display of decimal and alphanumeric characters, Measurement of frequency, voltage,
current, resistance, Temperature measurement and control , Generation of square wave or
(14 hours)
pulse using microprocessor.
@.S.Gaonkar)
Text Books:
l.
"Introduction
2.
"Fundamentals
Chapters
to Microprocessors"
-
3''r Ed., A.P. Mathur (Tata-McGraw Hill).
2,3,5,6
of
Microprocessors and Micro computers"- 3d Edn.,
B.
Ram,
Dhanapati
Rai &
Sons. ChaPters 6,7,819,
3. "Microprocessors-Architecture, Programming and Applications with 8085/80858A"'
R.S. Gaonkar (Wiley Eastern).Cilopter 14. 3
Reference Books:
1.
"Microprocessors and programmed logic",2nd Edn., Kenneth
2.
"Digital System from
L.
Short
( Prentice Hall
India).
Gates to Microprocessors", 2"d Edn., S.K. Bose (
Microprocessors and Microcomputer system design",
wiley Eastern)"
M. Rafiquazzaman (Universal Book Stall
,New Delhi).
3. "Microprocessors(8085) and its applications" - II Edn.-A.Nagoor Kani (RBA Publications)
-
a
a
5.
4O3B _
COMMUNICATION ELECTRONICS
#
- Amplitude modulation and
SSB balanced modulator demodulation circuits - single side band generation and detection - Phase modulation - Angle
Comparison of signal to noir" ratios - Frequency modulation
Ratio detector modulation circuits - Detection of FM signals
- - Foster-Seeley discriminator (10 hours)
Noise in FM
theory - Pulse
2. Pulse modulation and digital communication: Elements of information
code modulation Pulse
modulation - Pulse time modulation transmission - Pulse
1. Anrplitude and angle modulation: Amplitude modulation
-
coding
telegraph
codes
"*ptitud"
- Enorietector
and correction codes
circuits
-
Digital carrier systems - Teleprinter and
(10 hours)
odyne receiver - AM receivers - Automatic
eivers - Single and independent side band
3,
- AM
Television transmitters HF radio systems
- VHFTHF
transmitters
systems
-
- FM
transmitters
Microwave systems
-
satellite
-
(12 hours)
communications
4.
5.
systems-Techniques of
Discrete- time signals & systems, Discrete- time linear time-invariant
Response of LTI
impulsesinto
analysis of linear systems,
6.
Radiation and antennas: Potential functions and the EM field
R
Systemstoarbitraryinputs:onvolutionandtheinterconnection
(4 hours)
of LTI systems- Casual LTI
-
Radiation from an oscillating
iation
-Directivityfromaquarterwavemonopole
element, linear and binomial -Frequency indep
antennae.
dipole
-
Power radiated by a current element
s-Two
,.,YaEi
(10
hours)
T.Propagationofradiowaves:Groundwaves-SkywavePropagation_SpacewavesIonosphere
Tropospheric scatter Propagation - Extra terres rial communication'
refraction of waves Uy tt ionorphere -
"
Attenuation
-
Reflection and
(8 hours)
References:
l.
2.
,.Electronic Communications",Roddy and Coolen, J., (PHI, 1986). Chapters 7,8,9,10'11'12'18'19
,,Electronic Communication Systems", 4h Edition, Kennedy, G. and Davis, B' (McGraw Hill'
1992). ChaPter 6,8
3. "Electromagnetic
4.
K'G' (PHI' 1979)'
waves and Radiating Systems", Jordan E.C' and Balmain'
Chapters 10,I1,15,17
"Digital signal processing" by Proakis and
Manolakis, Prentice Hall of India (1997)
-'-
@R
-\,.
,"
UNIVERSITY GF
CALICUT
,
(Abstracl)
ielia:
c'..-*v:.,,+ci S-:,llpbus
- wiih efttct fmm 2003 nrtmissim
GIIYENAL AD{D ACADEMIC BRANCH I,.P
SCTIOI{
No, GA Il Jl/392/?gfiONot. II
Date4 Calicut UnivErsity- p.O,, 20.02 JC(F'.
REed :l-
Mioures_ of
27-tt43.
oeetiag ofBoard of studies tu physice
7
(E)
herd m 05-l l-2003 and
hdd m 1&12_2003
ic Corrucil held cu 2-144.
t.
4.
The syltabus od scheme of exacrinatim
Tgimpluueoted'vide
Tg,rl"ti* of },[sc ptyrics was
rviscd with eftct ftool 2003 mit i* aad
u.o,cited a.s
46
Pepcr.
2
ile meerings held os 5.1i.2003 suf,f,ested
II Smesttr, whirh
urcere
Aseusfr
Syllabi for II md IV Semest€rs
and
o
maeting held
Z7-ll-2(fti.. finatired snd
;c phyuice (&riertsr) aryIicabte witl
efrect
4.
The ;' 4crilty scie,uce at its meeting
inrd on 10-12-2003,
the minutes,of
'--'vvJ' apporrcd
a
BOed of
Sufdies. I
'-
.
r..
qppoved the minutee of
the minutes of
Srutim
Physics
Ordera
has beeo
(Smocer)
se isnpd
-of MSc
acoordi,ngly
D€trry-Jh(c&AD
To
FoTREGISTRAR
L
2,.
Copy to:rnttrmatim CeotrE/DR (Mscy
9plriy*ry
Uaivecsiry Library/SF/XC
(
C:E&A IUTTOnISOA I
,
It
39Z200OI/ol U ?3-Z.04.doc
o&riug }vlSc physice (S€rnestcr)Coune.
Calicu1 : '
Yersity of
.
*--
UNIYEI{SfiY OT'CALICUT
ITEGULAIIIONS, SCIIEN,iE
AiVN SI'LLABUS FOR
,*lrF,"'rrYiii,,.tffi ffitADlrrssro*
\
I.
fMain) in rhtr B.Sc.
lrcr University rvith
I
2.
I)rrrariorr of th
;*lj,+il
l"1i'",'#ti,fii,lii3i,ix,i;ll,ii:::1ffi,1,,,it%iffixxli;l,:,, j?
ons shall bc hc'ld ou.t l0 tuo.fting
ary;;.;;retrng .90 dayjof
insrn,ction.
3
'
r'tc'e shall bc a :.iainrtrm of
70 hours ul instluctjon per
thcory palxr and 60 hours orf
lilr each practicai paper in .r.t
raboratory work
..r"*rer, i.e. , mnini,m oi 4'"urrr.,
hours per paper per
week.
Attendance
Belorv
:
:
?5?c
Berween i1Va arrrd?9%
Berween gA% irrldgg%
)tripn
90cia andabove
tesrs (best 2 orrt of
3.)
five;
Assigrrmenrc (at least
Seminars (at leasr one per
somester)
touit
:
;
:
nil
2 marks
3 rnarks
4 m,rrks
6 nrarks
5 marks
5 nark
20 marlis per paller per senlester
ffi: il1ffi:;r;l#;.'t1"',"',:x;..',Tllie-T-:*;'i1ir-,:
I
ro rhc srudenrs for their
r,".*ur
and ftcn
2
Observations as recorded during experiments in the laboratory shall be evaluated on the spot (The
practice of presenting a fair copy of the same is to be dispeosed with). Tbere shall bc internai assessment
ro the extent oi 15 marks, atvarded on the basis of the overall pertbrmance of the student in the
Iaboratory. The. split-up of the marks is as follows :
4 marks
4 marks
Tests
Observadon record
Regularity in attendance
Viva Voce
Total
3 urarks
4 marks
:
15 marks per practical per semester
The laborator,v obsen'atiorr record is to be presented before the external examiners at the time. of the
Practical exarfr i naiions for their veri fi cation,
The internal assessment marks shall bc forwarded to the Controller of Examioations before the start of
the end-semester
ex
aminations.
There shail be provision for grievance redressal at three/four levels - first, at the level of the teacher
concerned. Second, at the lcvcl of Departmental Committee consisting of the Hcad of ttre Department,
Departmental Coordinator of Exarninations and the teacher concerned. Third" at the level of the College
Committee consisting of the Principal, the Head ot'the Departrment and the member of the College
Council nominated by the Principal each year and also snrdent member of each class. (The ttrird level
Committee is not applicablc to the University Departrnens) and fourth, at the University level,
Commifls€ ctnsisting of the Prc-Vice-Chancellor, Chairman P.G.Board of Studies/Subject experL
nominated by the Vice-Chancellor, Controller of Examirrations and the Convener of the Sunding
Committee of the University Syndicate.
The intemal assessment marks shall be published in the Departmenls. The studenLs should lulge their
complaints in writing to the gdevance redressal committee within one week and the decision taken
within the next two weeks of the publication of the marks. Appeals, if any, on such decision shall be
frled in the College level Committec (University level Committee for the snrdents of the University
Departments) within a peritxl of one week and decisicn taken within two weeks ( within one monrh for
the University level Committee). Appeals to the Lrniversity Level Committee along with feas prescribed
from time ro time shall be prefened within one week of the decision of the College level Committee and
the decision taken within one month from the last date of filing complaints announced in advance by the
Universiry-.
8.
The University shall do normalization of internal assessrnent" when there is inflation of marks in internal
evahration. If the difference in the porceotage of tbe external marks and the percentage of 0re intemal
marks of any student is more than 207c, the internal marks shall be brought down to limit ttre difference
to 209a. Normalization once effected shall be inevocable, except in the case of a student who appeals to
the grievanc'e redressal committee.
9.
The minimum marks required for a pa.ss is 210% for the external examination for each paper including
Practical and Viva Voce. There shall be no separate minimum for the intemal marks. The grading of
the studens will be as follows:
Total
marks
407c ro49%
50?o to 597o
ffick to79%a
807o and above
10. Candidates who fait in
Grade
III class
II class
I class
I class with Distinction
a paper/papers carl reapllear for the subsequent regular eramination-
SCHEME OF PAPERS
I SEMESTER
Title of Paper
IVIarivIarls
(Erternal)
Ir{athernatical Phr: sics i
()rannrm Mechanics I
Classical Mechanics
80
20
,i0
80
20
20
100 \
1CI4
Electronics
80
20
100
PHY
105
15
10'5
Practical - Gene.ral Physics
Practical - Electronics
Viva Voce
15
PHY
Paper No.
PHY IOI
PHt'102
PI{Y 103
PHY
PHt'107
iVIax.Marks
(Inlrrnal)
15
50
100 'r
15
50
480
Total
II
100\
SEIVTBSTER
Paper No.
Title of Paper
PIry 201
N{athematical Physics iI
Numerical Techniques and
Comouter Prosramminc
Smtisrical and Thennal
PT{Y 202
PI{Y 203
'
IVIaxMarks
(External)
illax.I\{arks
(Internal)
Total
80
20
100
80
20
ltx)
80
2A
i00
Physics
PHY 2M
PHY 205
80
20
100
General Physics
120
15
135
Electronics
124
50
15
1_15
Electrrxlynamic.s
hat:tical
PITY 206
-
Practical
-
Viva Voce
PIIY 207
50
Total
Itr
7ZCt
SEil,IESTER
Paper No.
Title of Paper
Mar.Marks
(Extcrnal)
Max.Marks
0nternal)
TotaI
PHY 301
PHY 302
Nuclear Physics
Solid Sute Physics
Ouantum Mechanics II
Elementary Particles and
Astroohvsics
Practical - Modern
Physics
Practical - Computer
Programming OR
Advanced Elecuonics
Viva Voce
80
20
20
100
80
80
20
100
80
20
100
15
i5
15
l5
PiIY 303
PHY,3O4
Pr{r'305
PHY 306
PHY 307
'
Total
_50
100
50
480
\
\
.'+..=-.=--,1\
w
SEMESTER
Note: computer Programming can
List of Electives
be ca:ried out
in windows or using LINITX (os).
:
Note : one to be chosen from each
cluster - Any centre may offer more
than one Elective
frorn a cluster simultaneo"sty, uuia
stuoent strouta s.i.ct only one from
each
cluster.
Elective I
Elecrive
Elective
:
II :
III
:
Appropriate new clectives may be
added to the above clusters to incorporate
new and growing field.s of pbysics.
a
5
SENIESTER
I
PHY 101 : NIATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
I
1.
:
Yector Analysis Definirions, Rotation of c:ooidinates, Orrhogonal curvilinear coordinales, Graclient,
Divergence and Curl in orthogonal cun'ilinear coordinates, Rectangular, cylindrical and spherical poiar
The Laplaciarr operator, Laplace's equation, Helrnholtz eclualiort as
coordinates,
examples.
(10 hours)
: Basic prope.rties of matrices, Matrir multiplit:zrtiorr, Inner product, Direct product, Trace,
Inverse, Transpose, Orthogonal mairices, Hennitian Ivlatrices, Unitary matri(:es, Diagonalization of
2.
lVlatrices
matrices
(10
hours)
3. Second Order Differential F4uations : Partial differential equations of Physics, Separation of
variables, Ordinary series solution, Frobenius method, A second sohrtion, Scrlf-adjoint ditl'erential
(10 hours)
equation, Hermitian operators. Schmidt orthogonalization, Completeness of
functions
4.
:
Gamma ftinction, Beta tunction, Delta function, Bessel functions of the first and
second kinds, Geoerating function, Recurence relation, Orthogonality, Neumann firnction, Legendre
pollnomials, Generating function, Recurrence relation, Rodrigues'fnrmula, Orthogonality, Associated
Legendre polynomials, Spherical hannonics, Hennite polynomials, tagre.rre polynomials
Special functions
(20
hours)
5. Fourier Series
:
Gene.ral properties, Change of interval, Gibbs phenornenon, Fourier integral, Fourier
transfonn, Inrrerse transform, lransforrn of the derivative, Convolution theorern, Laplace transforrn
(10
hours)
Texttxnlks
1.
2.
3.
:
G.B.Arfken and H.J.Weber
: 'Mathematical lvlethods for
Physicists (5'h Edition. 2001)" (Academic
Press)
J.Mathervs and R.Walker : "lVstlematical lvlethods for Physics" @cnjamin)
L.I.Pipes and L.R.Harvill : 'Applied Mathernatics for Engineers and Physicists (3d Edition) @IcGrarv
Hill)
PHY 102
:
QUANTUM NTECHANICS
: Vector spaces, Representadon of vectors and operators,
The Hilben space, Coordinate and momenilrn representations, The fundamental poshilates, The
1. The Formulation of Quanturn lVlechanics
2.
(14 hours)
Quantum Dynamics The oquation of motion, Schrodinger, Heisenberg and the Interaction picrures
of tirne development, The linear harmonic oscillator in the Schrodinger and Heisenberg picnues
3.
Theory of Angular Momentum : Angular momentum operators, lvlatrix representation of angular
uncertainty principle
:
(8 hours)
4.
5.
momentum operators, Pauli spin matrices. Orbital angrrlar momennrm. The hydrogen atom, Addition of
(16 hours)
angulil momenta Clcrbsh-Gordon cocffi cients, Simple examples
conservation
of
Laws
Space
translation
and
:
Space-time
symneries,
Symmetry and Conservation
linear momentum, Time translation and conservation of ene.rgy, Space rutation and consewation of
angular momenflm, Space inversion and time reversal, Identical particles, Construction of symmetric
and atti symmetric wave functions, Slater detemrinant, Pauli exclusion principle, Bosons and Fermions,
Spin wave firnctions for trvo elcctrons, The ground state of He atom, Scattering of identical particles
(10 hours)
Scattering Scattering cross secdon and scattering amplitude, Low energy scattering by a ce.ntral
pntential, The methcxl of partial wave*c, Phase shifts, Optical theorem, Convergence of partial wave
series,.Scattering by a rigid sphere, Scattering by a square well potential, High eilergy scattering,
(12 hours)
Scattering inrcgral equation and Bonr approximation
:
6
Textbooks :
1. V.K.Thankappan : "Quannrm Mechanics (Wiley Eastem)
2. P.lM.lv1at}ews and K.Venkatesan : "A Textbook of Quantum lvlechanics (Tata McGraw Hill.;
3. Nouredine Zettili: "Quanium Mechanics" (Wiley, 2fi)2)
4. A.Messiah : "Qrunttm lvfechanics"
5.
6.
7.
8.
J.J.Sakurai : 'Modern Quannrrn Mechanics" (Addisr)n Wesley)
Stephen Gasiororvics : "Qrrantum Phrvsics"
L.i.SchitT : "Quanfum Mechanics" 1N{cGraw Hill)
A.Gharak and S.Lokanarhan : "Quantum Mechanics" (Macmiflan)
PHY 103 : CLASSICAL ilTECHANICS
1.
?.
Lagrangian Formulation and the Kepler Problem : Generalize<! coorclirrates, Flamilton's principle,
Lagrange's eguation from Hamilton's principle, \'eklcity dependent
Frutentials, Symmetry antl
field
conservation laws, The Kepler problem, Scattering in a central force
(lihours)
Hamiltonian formulation and canonical transformations :
Legendrc Transformation. Hamilton's canonical equations, Canonical transt-ormations, examples
(8
hours)
3. The classical
background of quantum mechanics : Irrfinitesimal carronical transfbmrarions, poisson
brackets' Equation of motion in Poisson bracket tbrm, Angular momenrum poisson brackets,
Hamilton-Jacobi equation, Harnilton's principal and characrerisdJ functiorr, H-J equation for the linear
harmonic oscillator, Action-angle variables, FI-J formulation of the Kepler problem, H-J equation
and
4.
5.
.
the Schroedinger
equation
(16 hours)
The Kincmatics and Dynamics of Rigid tsodies : Space-fixerl antl body-fixed systems of
coordinates, Description of rigid hod1, motion io terms of direction cosinej and Eulir angles.
Infinitesimal rotation, Rate <lf change of a vector, Centrifugal and Coriolis forces, Moment of inertia
tensor, Euler's equation of motion, Force-free morion of a rigid krdy.
(14 hours)
Small Oscillations
:
Fomrulation
of the problem, Eigen value
equation. Eigenvectors and
Eigenvalues, Orthogonaiity, Principal aris transforrnation, Frequencies of free vibrations, Normal
coordinates, Free vibrations of a linear triatornic molecule, Forced vibration and the effecr of
dissiparive
forr:es.
(10 hours)
Textbooks :
L
2.
3.
4.
PHY
H.Goldstein : 'Classical Mechanics" (Addison Wesley)
v.B.Bhatia : "classical rvlechanics" (Narosa publications, r997)
N.Ciana and P.S.Joag : .Classical }v{echanics', (Tata McGraw Hill)
R.C.Takwale and P.S.Purartik : 'lntrorluction to Classical Mechanics" (Tam ]r{cGraw Hill)
104
ELECTRONICS
:
1. Field Effect Transistor
Biasing of FET, Small signal model, Analysis of Common Source and
Common Drain arnplifier, High frequency response, FET as WIR and its applications, CMOS logic and
logic packages
Textbooks:
1.
2.
(E hours)
Robert Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky : 'Electronic Devit:es and Circuit Theory" (prentice Flall of
India)
Milhnan and Halkias : 'lotegrated Elcctronics,'
c Devices
oto conduc
ency
limit,
electron devices (Gunn diode), Light
Solar cell (short circuit current, fill
e and internal recombination, operation of LED),
,
7
Diode laser(condition for population inversion, optical gain, threshold curent for lasing, Fabry Perot
(12 hours)
cavrty)
Text books
:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Ivlicrowave devices artd circuits - Samuel Y Liact
Microelectronic devices - Nag Choudhuri
Joseph J Can - Electronic circuit Guide Book Vol IV IBPB books, Delhi)
Endel Yiga - Optoelectronics
A.Ghatak and trLTyagarajan : 'Optical Elecuonics" (Cambridge)
Reference :
1. S.lvl.Szr : "serniconductor Dcl'ices- Pbysics and Technology" (Tiley)
Ampllfrer Basic operatiooal amplifier characteristics, OPAIVIP differential ampliftcr,
Operattonal
3.
Emitter coupled differential amplifier, OPAMP parameters (Open loop gain. CMRR, lnput offset
curremt and voluage,output offset voltage, slew rats) and lheir measurement, Frequency response,
hinciple ofBode plots, Phasr and gain margins, Dominant pole, pole zero and lead compensation
:
(10
4.
hours)
OPfuVP Application : OPAIvIP as inverter, scale changer, summer, V to I converter, Analog
integration and differentiation, Electronic analog compu0ation, Active low pass filter, High pass
Bu6erworth filters, Band pass filtcr, Active resooaot band pass filter, OPAMP based astable and
monostablc multivibrators, Schmidt
triggcr.
(,12
hourf,)
Textkrok^sfor3 &4:
1. Ramakant A. Gaekwad : "OPAIVIPS and Liuear Integrated Circuits"
5.
2.
D. Roychoudhuri : 'T-inear Integrated circuits" - New Age tnternational Publishers (1997)
Dgltal Electronics : Minimization of functions using Karnaugh map, Representation using loglc gates,
JK and MSJK flip-flops, Synchronous and asynchronous counters, MOD 3,5,10,16 counters, Cascade
counten; Static and dynamic random access memory, CMOS, Nm-volatile NMOS, Magnetic, optigal
anfl ferroelec6ic memories, Charge coupled devices, Microprocessor architecture, Organization of a
general microcomputer, CPU architecture of 8 bit processor such as INIEL 8085.
(20 hours)
Textboots
1.
2.
3.
:
Malvino and Leach : lDigital Principles and Applications(2d Ed.)" (tata McGraw HiU, 1978)
R.P.Jain : 'Modero Digital Electr,onics" (fata McGraw Hill)
B.Ram : 'Fundamentals of Mcroprocessors andMicrocomputers lDhanapathi Rai & Sons)
General rsferences
1.
2.
3.
:
M.S.Tyagi ; 'tntro&rction to Seroiconductor Devices" (Wiley)
Millman and Halkias : 'Integrated Electronics"
Gupta an! Kumar: 'llandtnok of Electronics"
\
g
{.-
SEMESTER
\
II
-t,t
it-
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Functions of Complex Variables : Cauchy-Reimann conditions, Cauchy's integral theore,rn anrl ilrtegral
formuia, Laurent expansion, Singularities, Caiculus of residues and applications. (10 hours)
Group Theory : Croups, Multiplication Table, Rearrangement theorem, Conjugate elements and
classes, Subgroups, Direct product gloups, Isomorphism and hnmomorphism, Perrnutation groups,
Distinct groups of given order.
( 8 hours)
Grotrp Representation lheory : tinitary representations, Schur's lemmas, orthogonalitl, theorern and
interpretations, Characl.er of a representation, Characte.r Tables ancl examples, Ineducible representations
of Abelian and non-,A,belian groups, Connection with quanhrm numbers, Symmeuy* group of the
Scbrodinger equation, Symmetrl' and degeneracy, Basis functions of ineducible represenuatioos, SLI(2)
group and its representation, SU(-l) group, Coulomb Symmetries (15 hours)
C:rlculus of Viriatioru : One dependent and one irulependent variable, Applications of tlre Euler
equation, Generalizatiol to several independent variables, Several dependent and independent variables,
Lagrange tr{ultipliers, \tariation subject to constraiilts, Rayleigh-Ritz variational tectrnique.
(8 hours)
Teruors : Definition of Tensors. Cootractiorl, Direct products, Pseudotensors. Meuic tensor (6 hours)
Nonlinear Equations and Chaos : A model s),stem, A spring loaded beacl free to slide on a horizontal
bar, Driven quartic o_scillator, Darnped and driven quanic oscillator, Harmonic analysis, Van der pol
oscillaror, Stability of solutions, Stability of- autonomous systems, Discrete maps, Chaos : Logistic map,
Definitions. Fixed points. Period doubling, universality'.
(r2 horns)
TextBooks
1.
:
G.B.Artken and H.J. wetrer : 'Ivlarhemaricat Methods For physicists"
(5m Edition, 2001) (Academic Press)
2.
A!,Joshi :'Group TheoryForphysicists,' (Wiley Eastem)
3.
4.
!{.Tin!$am : "Group Theory and euannrm Mechanics" (rata-McGraw-Hill)
V. Jose and Eugine J.Salean : 'Cla.s.dcal Dynamics - A Contemlrcrary Approach" (Cambridge
]9rge
University Press)
5.
6.
7.
: 'chaos and krtegrability in Nonlinear Dynamics" (wiley, 19g9)
R.C.Hilborn : 'Chaos and Noolinear Dynamics', (Oxford, l9X)
V.B.Bhatia : 'Cla.ssical lvfechanics" (Narosa 1997)
Ivlichael rabor
PHY 202: NUMERICAL TECHNIQUES AND CON{PUTER
PROGRAMMING
1.
Power series calculations and functions
:
Taylor series and
Maclaurin's
series, Series with a
of e , Chebyshev polyncmials
(6 hours)
Roots of trahscendcntal equations : Solution by iteration, Convergence criterion, Order of
reoainder, Examples, Value
2.
convergence, Nervton-Raphsnn method, Bisection (half interval) methrxl
3.
4.
Interpolation and curve
fitting :
(6 hours)
Linsar interpolation, Interpolating polynornials,
Lapgange
interpolating polynornial, Difference calculus, Nq?wton forward and backward difference formulae, Lcast
squares cunc fittingl linear and nonlinear)
(10 hours)
Numerical
inlrgralion :
Trapezoidal and Simpson's methods, r\ewtou Cote's methotl,
quadrature
Gauss
(6
hours)
5.
Ordinary differential equations : Euler's method, I\{ilne's method, Runge-Kutta merhods
(6
hours)
ell
-".*r-.;t_ 6.
-it
Fortran Programming fundamentals : Fortran constants and variables, Type declarations. Arithmetic
openrtors, Hierarchy, Arithmetic expressions, Logical operators and expressions, Arithmetical and v
assignment statements, Special functions, Input/output slatements, Relational operators, Control
statements(go to, arithmetic arrcl logical ifi, Do loop, repeat while, Dimensioned variables, Formats,
Subprograrns, Functioos and subroutines, Comoron dsclaration, File opcrations(creatine. reading,
writing, rrpdating and orerging of sequential
1.
files)
(14 hours)
C Programming fundnmentals : Constants ud variables, Data types, Type declaration of variables,
Symbolic constants, Arithmetic operators, Increment and decrement operaton, Conditional operator,
Bitwise operators. Hcirarchy, Arjthmetic expressions, Logical operators and expressions, Assignmeot
operators, Arithmetical and assignment statements. I{athematical functions, Input/output statements,
Forrnatted VO, Relational operaton, Decision making and branching, Go to, if, if...else, switch
statements, Looping, While, do and for. Arrays, Handling characters and strings, Functions and voids,
Stmchues, Pointers(elemcntary ideas only), File operations(defining and oponing, reading, writing,
(18 hours)
updating and closing of files)
TextBooks
:
: "lntroductory methods nf numerical'analysis" (Prenrice
Hall of India,1983)
V.Rajararnan : " Computer programming in Fortran 77" @rentice Hall
1.
S.S.Shastry
2.
3.
'il
ofIndia.l999)
E.Balaguruswamy
:
'?rogramming in ANSI C" (Tata-McGraw Hill,
1992t
Reference Books
1.
2.
3.
4.
:
V.Rajaraman : "Programming in C"
: 'Numerical methods-software and analysis" {McGraw I{ill, 1983)
J.g.ScarUorough : 'Numerical mathematical analysis" (Oxford and IBH, 6'h edition)
Hildebrand : 'Numerical analysis"
J.H.Rice
PHY 203
1.
:
STATISTICAL AND THERUIAL PI{YSICS
Chssical statistical mechanics
:
The poshrlate of classical statisticai mecbanics, Microcanonicai
ensemble, Derivation of thermodynarnics, Equipanition theorem, Classical ideal gas, Gibbs p:radox
(10 hours)
2.
Canonical ensemble and grand canonical ensernble : Canonical ensemble, Energy fluctuations in
the canonical cnsemble, Graod canonical ensemble, Density flucmadons in tire grand canonical
(10 hours)
ensernble, The chemical potential
3.
Quantum statisticat mechanics :
The postulate.s, Density matrix, ensembles in quannrm statistical mechanics. The third law of
rhennodynamics, The ideal gases : Ivlicro canonical ensernble, Foundations of statistical rnechanics
(10
hours)
4.
App"o*imate methods
:
Classical cluster expansion, Quantum ciuster expansion, Second Virial coefficient, Variational
principlcs
(8
hours)
5.
trermi systerns
:
Equadon of state of an ideal Ferrni gas, The theory of \ltrite dwarf stars, Lutdau diarnaEtetism, The de
(6 hours)
Haas van Atpherr effect, The quarrtizerl Hall elfect, Pauli
parzrroagnetism
6.
trose systems
:
Phonons in solids, Bose-Einstein condensation, An imperfect Bose gas,
parameter
7.
r'ncl^singmodcl
Thc Super fluid order
(B hours)
:
r i
li
Il
10
Delinidon of the Ising model, The one dirnensional ising rnodel
Text Books
i.
2.
-1.
4.
(6 hours)
:
Kerson Huang : "Statistical Nlechanics" (second edition.) (Wiley,198T)
: "Statistical Mechanic:s" @utterworth-Heinemann,1996.)
B.K. Agarwal and ivfelvin Eisner :"Statistical Ph,vsi6s"
Guptha and Kumar : "Statistical Ph,,-sics"
Patria
PHY 204 ELECTRODYNA}IICS
1. Time varying frelds and Maxwell's equations : Maxwell's equatiorrs, Porential functions,
Electromagnetir: bounflfi)' conditions, Wave equations and their sohttions, Time hannonic fields.
)
3.
4.
(6 hours)
Plane electromagnetic wayes : Plane waves in lossless media" Plane waves in lossy media, Grqup
velocity, Flow of electromagnstil: power and the Poynting ve(:tor, Normal inci6ence at a plani
cottducting boundary, Oblique incidence at a plane conducting boundary, Nonnal incidence at a plane
dielecuic boundary, oblique incidence at a plane dielectric bouuda4'
(Ll hours)
Theory and applications of transrnission tines : Transverse electromagnetic waves along a parallcl
plane transmission line, General transmission line equations, Wave characteristics of finite
transmission
lines, Transmission line impedance matching
(6 hours)
Wave guides and cavity resonators ; General wave behayiour along uniform guiding structures,
Parallel plate wave guides, Rectangrrlar wave guides, Circular wave grrides, Dielectric iave guides,
Cavity resonators
(g hours)
5. Relativistic electrodynamics : Ivlagnetisrn as a relativistic phenornenon, Trunfomrarion of the field,
Elecnic field of a point charge moving uniformly, Electromagnetic field tensor, Electrodynarnics in
tensor nontion, Potential fomrulation of relativistic electrodynarnics
(lb hours)
6. IVlotion of chargtd particlcs in Electromagnetic field : Uniform E and B fields, Nonuniform fields,
Diffusion across magnetic fields, Time varf ini; n
7.
anO
invariants
Plasma Physics : Derivation of momcnt equations
third adiabatic
B fields, Adiabadc invariants : First, second and
(S hours)
from Boltzmann equation, plasma oscillations,
Debye shielding, Pla.srna parameters, Magnetopla^sma, Plasma confinement,
hydrcxlynamical equations. Hydromagnetic waves, Magnetosonic and Alfuen
TextBooks
waves
Fundamental
(13 hours)
:
cheng : " Field and wave Electromagnetics" (Addisson wesley)
1. David
2.
F.F.chen : "Intmduction m plasrna physics and controlled Fusion'(ptenumi
3. l.O.lactson :'Classical Electrodynamics,, (3, Ed.) 1-Wiley,l999)
4. David Griffiths : " Introductory Electnxlynamios" (Prentice Hatl of India, 1989)
PHY 105 (Practicals I -GENERAL PHYSICS I) and PIIY 205 ( Practicals II
-GENERAL PITYSICS tr)
(At least 16 experiments should be done, 8 in each of the two semesters. Internal
evaluation to be done in the respective semesters and marks to be intimated to the
controller at the end of each seme.ster itself. Practical observation book to be
submitted to the examiners at the time of viva voce in each semester. One mark is to
be deducted from internal marks for each experiment not done by the student if a
total of 8 experirnents are not done in each semester)
1l
To <tctermine Y and o of the material
.-
i.
Y and o
2.
of the given spet:ime.n b;- observ'ing the elliprical and hyperbolic fringes forrned in an interference set
Y and o by Koenig's method
3.
up
detennine the viscositv of the given liquid by
measluements on the rime pcliod of oscillation of the disc in air and in the liquid
Variation of surface tension with temperature - Jaegar's method. To determine the surtace tension of rvater
ar dit'ferenr Emperatures by Jaeger's rnethod of observ'irrg the air bubble diameter at the instant of bursting
Viscosiry
4.
5.
- Interferenco olethod (a) elliptical (b) hyperbolic fringcs,
of a liquid - Oscillating disc methcd, To
inside water
strip.
7.
To determine the first and second mode constants of a steel vibrating
strip; Y to be measured by the Cantilever method and irequency of vibratitln by the. Melde's string methtxl
Srcfan's constant To deterrnine Stefan's constant
Conscants of a thermo - couple and ternperanrre of inversron.
8.
Thermal conductivity of a liquid urd air by Lee's Disc lvlethod.
6.
*Iode constants of a vibrating
Srudy of magnetic hysteresis - B-H Curve. Sample in the form of a toroidal ring; by noting the throw in a
B.G. when the migrretising curreilt is changed frorn the maximum value to inrcrmediate values'
determine the wavelongth of ttre waves ftom the given RF
10. Dielectric constant by-Lecher
9.
Wire.
io
osciliator and the dielectric constant of the given oil by rneasurement of a suitable capacitance by using
Lecher wire setup.
T0 tleterrnine the resistance and inducrance of ttre given unknown inductor by
11 Maxwell's IJC bridge.
Maxwell's UC bridge
12. Detemrination of frequency of an oscillator
To construct an oscillator and detennine frequency using
frequcncy bridge.
13.
Susceptibiliry ,ieasrrement by Quincke's antl Guoy's methods. Paramagnetic susceptibility of salt and
qpecimen
14. Cauchy's constants. Liquid prism (differerrt conctlntrations)
15. Michelson's interferometer
16. Fabry Perot Etalon
-I
-
(a) tr and (b) d )', and thickness of mit:a sheet.
and thickness of air hlm.
17. Expansion of crystal - The coefficient of e.rpansion of a crystal by strrdying the irtterfersnce fringes fonned
by air wedge / by Newtons rings
18. Temperature of sotlium
ilaure.
To detennine the temperature of the sodiurn flame by comparison with an
incandescsttt lamp using a spectrometer
19. Singlc ptrase fansfbrmei Measureorent of L, R aoc! Z of the primaq' aod secondary aod determination of
effrciency.
Simple Microwave experiments To determine standing waYe ratios, guide and free space wavelengtlts'
VSWR, dielecuic constant and attenuation.
21. Diffraction at a straight e<ige. To detcrmine thc wavelength of Sodilm lines from the difftaction pattern
from a straight edge
20.
22. Elementary experiments using Laser
:
a) Wavelengrh deterrnination rrsing grating
b) Intensitydistritrution
c') Diameter of a thin wire
d) Diffraction at a slit - deten'nination of slit rvidth
23. Anderson's Bridge - Detemrination of relative susceptibilitr"
Reference books
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
B.L. Worsnqp anrl H.T. Flint - Advanced hactical Physics for student-c - Methusen & Co (1950)
E.V. Smirh - Malual of experimelts in applied Physics - Butterworth (1970)
Experimental Physics - Ir{odern methcds - Oxford University Press (1988)
D. Malacari (ed) I lvtethods of experimental Physics - series of volumes - Acadcmic Press Inc ( 1988)
S.P. Silgh - Pragati Atlvanced Prac:tical Physics - Vol I & iI - Pragati Prakasan, Meerut (2003) - 13n Blition
R.A. Dunlap
-
t2
PHY 106 (Practicals
Electronics
II )
II -
ELECTRONICS I) and PHY 206 (Practicals IV
-
(At least 16 experiments should be done; 8 in each of the two semesters. Internal
evaluation to be done in the respective semesters and marlis to be intimated to the
controller at the end of each semester itself. Practical observation book to be
submitted to the examiners at the time of viva voce in each semester. One mark is to
be deducted from internal marks for each experiment not done by the student if a
total of 8 experiments are not done in each semester)
1.
?.
3.
4-
To
MOSFET characteristics and applications
UO irnpedances and frequency response.
Uxf characteristics
study the characrerisrics of a MOSFET and to determine
and relaxation oscillator (construct rclaxation oscillator
& sbarp pulse gcnerator )
characteristics of s silicon controlled rectifrer (Hatf wave and full wave)
Voltage regulation using transistors wilh feedback (regulation characteristics with load for differenr rnput
vohages and variation of rippie oZ with load)
5.
Single sage RC coupled Negarive feed back amplifier (.input" ourput resistance, frequency reE)onse with
without feedback)
6.
7.
8.
Two stage RC coupled amplifier ( input and output resistance and frequency response including Bode plots)
RC coupled FET amplifier
-
&
cornmon source (frequency response, input &outprrr resistance)
Complementary symmetry Class B push-pull tr)ower amplifier (transforurerless) (I/O impedances, ef|rciency
and frequency reqponse)
9.
Differential amplifier using uansistors (uo impedances, frequency response, 6MRR )
10. Amplitude modulation and detection using transistors (modulation index & recovery of modulating signal
)
11. Darlington pair amplifier (gain, frequencl/ response, input &output resiscances )
12. Wicn bridgc oscillaor using OP AIvIP (For different frequencies, distortion due to feedback resistor, compare
with design values)
13. Sawtooth generator using transistors and Miller sweep circuit using OPAMPS lfor different frequencies)
14. Use of IC 74t - De_termination of input offset voitage, clurent, CMRR, slew rate, and use as Inverting and
non-inverting amplifier and difference amplifier, summing amplifier and comparator
15. IC 555 Timer
-
Astable and Monostable and Bistable multi vibraors, VCO missing pulse derector and
Sawtooth generaoor.
16. IF nmplifier (Two suge) (Gain and frequency response, bandwidrh)
17. Binary adders
I
-
HA and FA using TTL EX
-
OR
IC
& Using NAND Gates (Verify rruth tables)
8. Microprocessors expcrimeots (simple experiments)
Addition, subtraction, division and multiplication
-
8 bit
using
g0g5
19. Schmitt trigger using ransistors and OPAMPS - Trace hysteresis curve , rletermine LTp ald UTp
20. Crystal Oscillator ( For different freguencies & evaluation of frequency stability )
13'
21. Alalog integration and differentiation usiog OPAI,{PS (snrdy the integrator characteristics & differentiator)
22. Analog computation using
23. Second order Lorv
OPAJvIPS (LI,f324)
-
Differenrial equations / Simultaneous ec;uations
pass, High Pass and Band Pass filters using OPAMP.( study the frequency response )
24. Negative resistance oscillator. (for differ.ent frequencies)
25. Bootstrap Amplifier (freqrrency response, input & output
resisr.ance
)
26. Aryatize M X N randorn access memory rvith trasic memory unit (Verify
the READ and WRITE operarions)
Reference Books :
i.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Paul B. Zhar and A.P. Malvino
A.P. Malvino
-
-
gasic Electronics
Basic Electronics
-
-
A textlab rnanual
A Text Book lvlanual
-
-
Digital Experiments
-
JIVIH publishing (1983)
Tata lr{cGraw Hilt (1992)
R. Bogan and J. Brown -Experiorenls for electronic devices and circuits
Buchla
-
-
lvlerrill International series (1985)
lvlerrill International series (1984)
S.P. Singh -Pragati AdvancedPracticalPhysics-Vol
I & Ii-Pragati Prakasan jv{eerut(2003)- 136Edirion
v
t4
SEMESTER TII
?-..
-
.-
\
-:)
Prrl1
301
:
NUCLEAR PHYSICS
: Gamma transitions, Measurement of gamrna energy, Lifetimes, Multipole momcnts,
Decay rate formula, Selection rules, Angular conelation and Intemal conversion, Beta decay, Sirnple
thcory of beta decay, Fermi-Kruie plor, Comparative half-life, Allowed and forbidden transitions.
(1-{ hours)
Selection rules, Parity violation in bcta decay, Nutrinos.
2. Nuclear Forces : General charactcristics of nuclear fbrces, Ihe deuteron and two-nucleoo scattering
experimental <Iata Simple theory of che deuteron structure, Spin dependence, Tensor force, Scattering
cross secdons, Low energ). rr-p scatterirrg, Partial rvaves, Phase shift, Singlet and triplet potentials,
(12 hours)
Effective rurge theory, p-p scatrering.
3. Nuclear Modgls : Shell model, Spin-orbit coupling, Spins and parities of ground sutes, MaEretic
moments and scmidt limits, Isospin symmetry, Single particle orbits in a distorted well, Collective
(10 hours)
motion, Rotational and vibratiorul states.
4. Nuclear Fission and Fusion : Fission pror:ess, Neurons released irr fission, Cross sections, Fission
rea(:tors operating with natriral Uraniurn as fuel, Fission and thennonuclear energy, Controlled fusion
(8 hours)
energ-)-Nuclear
Radiation
5.
Detectors and Nuclear Electronics :
Gas dercctors - ionization charnber, Proportional counter and G Ir{ counter, Scintillation cletector,
Semiconductor detectors - Ge(I-il, Si(Li) and surface barrier detrctors, Preamplifiers, Amplifrers,
(15 hours)
Sin gle channel analyzers, Multichannel analyzers.
1. Nuclear Decay
Textbooks :
1.
2.
3.
H.Enge : *Introduction to NuclearPhysics" (Addixn Wesley)
H.S.tIaas : a.iuclear Physics - Experimental and theoretical" (New Age Intemational
G.F.Knoll : 'Nuclear Radiation Detectors"
-
2001)
Reference Bmks :
1. S.B.Patel : 'An Introdrrcticm to Nuclear Physics" (n-ew Age krrcrnational Publishers)
Samuel S.M.Wong: "Intnrductory Nuclear Physics" (hentice Hall,India)
I(S.Krane : 'Inuoduclory Nuclear Physics" (Wiley)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
B.L.Cohen :'Concepts of NuclearPhysics" Gata McGraw Hill)
I.Kaplan : aiuclear Physics" (Addison Wesley, 1962)
D.C.Tayal : anuclear Physics" (Himataya 1994)
E.Segre : 'tluclei and Panicles" (Benjamin, tp67;
W-E.Burcharn and M.Jobes : 't{uclear and Particle Physics" (tnngman, 195)
S.S.Kapoor and V.S.Ramamurthy : 'Nuclear Radiation Detectors" (Wiley Eastern, 1986)
PHY 302
1.
2.
:
SOLID STATE PI{YSICS
Crystal Structure : Symmetry elements of a crystal, Types of spacc latticcs, Miller in<liccs, Diamond
structure. NaCl stmcture, BCC, FCC, HCP structures with examples, Description of X-Ray diffraction
(8 hours)
using recipnrcal lattice. Brillouin zones
Crystal Binding : Van <ier Waals interaction, The Lennanl-Jones lntential, Cohesive energy of inert
gas crystals, Vladehrng interaction, Cohesive energy of ionic crystals, Covalent bondiog, Metallic
bonding, Hydrogen-bonded crystal
3.
4.
s
(6 hours)
Lattice Vibrations : Vibrations of monatomic and diatomic lattices, Quantization of lattice vibrations,
Inelastic scattering of neutrons, Einsrein and Debye models of speciFrc heat, Thermal conductivity,
(6 hours)
Effecr of imperfections
Electron States : Free electron ga.s in three dimensions, Specific heat of rnetals, Sommerfeld theory of
electrical conductivit;-, Wiedemarrn-Franz law, Hall effect, Nearly freE electron model and formation of
energy bands, Bloch functions, Formation of energy gap at Brillouin zone boundaries, Number of
(8 hours)
orbirals in a band
15
5.
6.
7.
8.
Semicondut:tors : Equation of motion 01'electrons in energy bands, Properties of holes, Effective mass
of carriers, Intrinsic carrier concentrati<ln, Hydrogenic model of donor and acceptor states, lnterband
(8 hours)
optical absorption, Frenkel excitons and W'mnier excitons.
field,
Local
propcrtics
Depolarization
electric
dielectric
field
in
a
dielectric,
Dielectric
: Macroscopic
field at an atorn, Dielectric coostant and polarizabilitv, Order-disorder type ferroelectrics, Displacive
(8 hours)
type tbnoelectrics, Landau theory of fcrroclectric phase transitions
Magnetic properties : Exchange ioteraction and Curie-Weiss law, Spontaneous polarization,
Feromagnetic magnons (one dimension), Ivlagnon specif,rc heat, Ferrirnagnetism in FeaOr,
(6 hours)
Antiferromagnetism in MnO, Neel temperarure and susceptibility
Superconductirity : Meissner eft'ect, T,'-pe I and Type II superconductors, Heat capacity, Microwave
absoqprion, Energy gap, Isotope effect, Free energy of superconductor iu magneLic field and the
stabilization engrgy, London equation and penetration of magnetic field, Cooper pairs and the B C S
ground state (qualitative), Derivation of the London equation trom the ground state wave function, Flux
quantization, Critical fields and the r,orlex state, Single particle tunneling, DC antt AC Josephson
(12 hours)
effects, High T" superconductors (Qualitative description of the cuprates)
Texttrooks:
C.Kinel
1.
2.
:
'Introduction to Solid State Physics'(5'h Ed.) (Wiley Eastern)
A.J.Dekker : "liolid State Physics" (Ivlacmillan, 1958)
3.
4.
N.\Y.AshcroftandMermin
ZimanJ.H. : '?rinciples of tbe Theory of Solids" (Cambridge, 1964)
PHY 303 : QUANTUM MECHANICS U
1.
Approximation methods for time-independent problenns
The WKB approximation, connection formulae, barrier flrnnclling, application to decay - Bound
states, Penetration of a potential banier, the variation methul for krund states, the ground stato for
He-atm, Time-independentperturbation theory, Non{egenerate and degenerate cases, Anlrarmonic
(16 hours)
oscillator stark and Zeeman effecn in hydrogen.
2. Variadonal method
The variational eqration, gSound state and excited suates, application to glourrd sute
and Helium atoms
Time dependent pernrbation theory
3.
of the hydrogen
( 6 hours)
Transition probability, Hannonic penurbation, Interaction of an atom with the electromagnetic fiel(
Induced emission and absorption, The dipole approximation, The Born approxiroation and scattering
(12 Hours)
amplitude.
4. Relativi stic Quantum lvlechanics:
The Dirac equation, Dirac matrices, Solution of the free-particle Dirac equation, The Dirac cquatioo
with potentials, Equation of continuity, Spin of the electron, Non-realistic limit, spin-orbit coupling,
Covariance of the Dirac equation, Biiinear covariants, Hole theory. The Weyl equation for the
neutrino, Non-conservation of parity, The Klein Gordon equation, Charge and current densities, The
Klcin-Gordon equation with potentials, Wave equation for thc photon, Chargc conjugation for the
(1,6 hours)
Dirac, Weyl anri Klein Gordon equation.
5. Quantizatitm of fields
The principles of canonical quantization of helds, Lagrangian density and Hamiltonian density, Second
quantizadon of the Schrcdinger wave field for bosons urd fermiorrs.
(10 hours)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Textbooks:
V.IC firankappan
J.J. Sakurai
-
- Quantum Mechanics - Wiley Eastern
Advanced Qrantum Mechanics - Addison Wesley
.
L.I. Schiff-QuantumMechanics-Ir{cGrawHill
P.M.Mathews urd K.Venkatesan - A Text Book of Quantum Mechanics - Tata Ivlccraw Hilt
John A Eisele - Modern Quantum Mecharrics
E.G. Harris - A pedestrian approach to Quantum Field Theory.
S.N. Biswas -'Quantum Mechanics", Allied Publishers, Calcutta
Stephen Gasiorowicz
-
Quantum Physics
IU
PHY 304 : ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHYSICS &ASTRoPHYSICS
t.
Basic forces aud classification of particles:
and strong
Four basic forces gravitational, elecEomagnetic, weak
of particles.
-
-
-
relative strengths ' classification
(4
Hours)--
2.
Symmetry and Conservation laws:
Conservation of
oumbors' Cooservation of
;;F;il;;*cotu(n, elecuic charges, Pttyon and lcptoo
parity,
Charge conjugation' CP
on"it , Conservation of
s6angeness, Con*"*"[* of imspin antl its c
(10
Hours)
violation, time reversal and CPT theorem'
3. Meson resonances:
Exuemely short lived particles' Resonances
Yukawa,s prolixal, The muon, The real pion, lsotopic spin,
(6 Hours)
methods and experiments
(E
, a and mesonic resonances) -
detecdng
fold way, Geltmann and Okubo
vidence, Cohured quarks
and distance modulus,
Colour
ma'ss
(
t
formul4
hours)
index of a star'
6.
5.
Mechanical and thermal equilibrium in surs,
in stars (thermonuclear reacticms), stellar evolution, white dwarfs
6.
(10 hours)
Neutron stars, pulsars and black holcs
(8 hours)
TextBooks:
I
- "The particle hunrcrs' (Cambridge Universit-v Press)' Ch 6, Ch.7.' ch 8 secs Ch'4' Section 6 to 9'
David Griffrths, John Wiley & Sons, "InEoduction ro elementaryparticles"
ptryiics an intmduction for scientists",
G.D.Couoghlan and J.E.Dodd. 'The ideas of particle
1. y.Neeman and y.Kirsh:
3,ch9,secs1-7
2.
3.
(Cambridgt University Press) - Ch.7 , 9, 10
(1989t
4. iavirt Gri-ffrttrs - antro$uction to elementary particles" - Wiley
..An in xtuction io-.lsuoptrysit:s" (Prentice HaIl of Inrlia) Relevant sections of
5. Baidyanath Basusu M :
Chapters 3,4,14 and 15.
I7
SENIESTER TV
PHY 401 : SPECTROSCOPY
1.
2.
Insrumentation for Infrared Spectroscopy
4.
of
Raman anrl Infrared Specnoscopy
in
s
(12 hours)
Spectroscopy
Instrumentation for Raman
5. Spin Resonance SPectroscoPY : In
Larmour Precession, Resonance
lanice relaxation, The Chemical shift, Instn
Specroscopy of the unpairerl electron' Total
and hyperflrne struchlre, ESR specuometer
6.Mossbauer Spectroscopy : Resonance Fluorescence
of T - rays, Recoilless eroission of ?
- rays and
Example of Fe57, Experimental techniques
Ivlossba.cr EffecL Cfremicaf shift, Effect of magnetic de14,
(8 hours)
Text txxtk:
Molecular strucure a1d Spectroscopy
-
G Aruldas -Prentice Hall of India (2002)
Reference Books:
1.
c.N.Banrvell and E.M. Mccash, '?undamentals
(1994)
o
i.urgn*
J.
G.M.-Banow
of Molecular
Vol' I and II' C-hapman and Hall
Spectrosccrpy
- McGraw HiIl
tntroduction to molecular
and Walker @rls) Spectroscopy
-
spectr.oscopy'" Tata McGrow
ELECTTVES
Hill
20
.^.
.
-
.\
PHY 402 C: PLASMA PHYSICS
-., . * ..t
t.
Inroduction to Plasma Physics
,Existence. of piasma, Defrnition of Plasma. Debye shielding lD and 3D, Critcria
Applications of Pla.sma Physics (in
a
briefi
Single Particle motions
Uniform E & B frelds, Non uniform B field, Non unifonn E field,
invariants and
t
alplications,
ior
plasma,
(5 hours)
Time varying E freld" Adiabatic
(8 hours)
3.
Plasma as Fluids
4.
Waves in Plasma
Waves, Grqrp velocity, Pha^se velocity, Plasma oscillations, Electron Plasma Wavqs, Sound waves,
Ion waves, Validity of Plasma approximations, Comparisorr of ion and elecron waves, Electrostatic
Introduction - The set of fluid equations, Ivlaxwell's equations, Fluid
Fluici dritts parallel to B, The plasma approximations,
drifts
peqpendicular
to B,
(7 hours)
electron oscillations parallel to B, Electrostatic ion wav€s perpendicular to B, The lower hybrid
frequency, Elecfomagnotic waves with Bo, Cutoffs and Resonances, ElecEornagnetic waves parallel to
Bo, Experimental consequences, Hydromagnetic waves, Magnetosonic waves, The CMA diagrams
(s
hours)
5.
Equilibrium and stability
Hydro magnetic equilibrium, The concept of p, Diffusion of noagnetic field into plasma Classification
of instability, Two stre,,m instability, the gravitational instability, Resistive drift waves, the Tlieibel
(10 hours)
instability
6. Kinetic Theory:
The meaning of f(v). Equations of kinetic theory, Derivation of the fluid equations, Plasma
oscillations and Landau <lamping, the meaning of Landau damping, Physical dcrivation of Landau
damping, Ion Landau damping, Kinetic effecs in a magnetic fiel( Enough assignmcnts (10 hours)
7. lntroduction to Controlled Fusion:
The problem of controlled fusion, Ivlagrretic confinements such as Toruses, Ir{irrors, Pinches, Laser
(10 hours)
Fusion, Plasma heatirrg, Fusion Technology
Text Books:
1.
J. D. Jackson. Cla.ssical Electrodynamics, \Yiley Eastern, 1978.
2.
F. F. Chen, Introduction to Plasma Physics and Conuolled Fusion, Volume I and II, Plenum Press, recent
3.
4.
edition.
D. R. Nicholson. Introduction to Plasma Theory.
N. A. Krdl and A. W. Trivelpiece, Principles of Pla.sma Physics, McCrraw'-Hill, recent edition.
PHY 4O2D - ADVANCED ASTROPHYSICS
Radiative Process:
Theory of Black Body Radiation-Photoelectric Eft'ect-Pressure of Radiation -Absorption and
- Doppler Effect - Zeeman Effect- Bremsstrahlung - Synchrotron Radiation (8 Hours)
of
Radiation
Scattering
- Compton Effect - and Inverse Compton effect
Binery Stars & P\Isars;
Introduction-Visual Binary.-Spectroscopic Binary-Multiple Stars-Origin of Binary Stars-Mass transt'er
in close Binary systems- Discovery of Pulsars - Rotating Neutron Star It{odel-Distance and
(10 Hours)
distribudon of Pulsars - Binary Pulsars- Blar:k Holes
Emission spectra
3.
Galaxies:
The Milkyway galaxy - Kinematics of the Milkyway - Morphology - Galactic Centre - Hubble
sequefice - Spiral and Irregular Galaxies and formation - Extra Galacdc Distance scale - Cluster
(20 Hours)
Gamma Ray bursts
Galaxies - Observation of Active Galaxies
-
2t
'4,
General Relativity:
Me
e-
of
Co
(ls
Hours)
Cosmologr:
5.
Comological Pnnciple - Cosrnic Standard Coordinates - Equivalent Cor:rdinates Robertson-Walker
Metric - The Red Shift - Measures of Distance - Redshift Versus Distance Relation Steadv State
-
Cosmology
(10
Hours)
Books Suggested:
1. Gravitation & Cosmologr-Steven Weinberg- John Wiley (1}72)ISBN: 0-471-9256:,-5
Physics Vol 1 and 2- T. Padmanabhan- Carnbridge University press (2M)
ISBN G-52 I -562+<;, 0-527 -5GZ4t 4
3. Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei- Ajit K Kembhavi and Jayar V Nadikar-Cambridge University
Press (1999) ISBN:F521 4 477 -9
4. The Physical Universe, An Introduction to Astrouomy-F. Shu-Oxford University press- (1982)
2. Theoretical Astro
:
f19-85s706-x
5. A Ilifftrent Approach to Cosmologr ISBN:
Press (2000) ISBN:0-52
6.
ln
I
#2234
Inlroduction l,o AstroPhysics
tt2t-3
-
Fre<l Hoyle, Geoffrey, Jayant V Narlikar Cambridge University
Baidyanath Basu- Prentice Hall India
(
lgg7) ISBN:81-203-
7. Discorering the Cosmos-R.C. Bless - University Science Books (1996) - ISBN:0-93 570247=9
8. Text Book of Astronomy and Astrophysics with Elements of Cosmolog5r- V,B. Bhatia- Narosa
9.
publications (2001)ISBN: 8 1 -?3 19-339-8
Modern Astroph,vsics - B.W. Carroll & D.A. Ostille
9
NLECTTVE
tr
PHY 403 A
:
l.
2.
4.
_
5.
IILECTRONIC INSTRUMET{TATION
meter-vectorvolmeter.
hrs)
CIOtmcopcs. Cathode ray
-
storage oacilloscupes
Sgl
urbas
-
6
CRT circuits
- vertical deflection sysbm - delay line - multiple
- oscilloscope tectrniqui -
horizonal deflection system - oscilloscope probes and transducers
-
sampling
oscilloscopes
Oo
loiusl
td rnUs: Frequency synthesized signal generator - ftequency divider generator
sweep frequency gpnerator -pulse and square wave generator- finrction generator- *are aoalyreo
:harmonic
distcrti
atysis
Gbhqus)
Ertquoncy and
Frequency counter - measurtment of erros - extending
fteguency range of ttre clunter - automatic and cvmputing oormters
(6 DCItrs)
gcmrrtloa
Iteduccrs:
measurEments
6.
Addison Wesley (1996) ISBN:F201 -S451iU
Dhc{rontc eumcntilton for rernrrfug M poremcttrs-Electnonic N and AC volmeters
elecronic multimeters - differential volmeters - digrtal vol[neters Q meter vector [email protected]
-
trace
3.
-
Classification of transducers - snain gauges - diqplacement transducers temperaturc
photosensitive devices
Radiation detectors - solid state and scintillation deiectors
-
-
neumncountem.
ConD{ltcr ooatrdlcd Est
yed in
rysbrc:
(thrc) -
Testing an audio aroplifier
c\omputer contnolled instnrmentation
timing in a microprocessor based
-
IF-F'F 488
-
testiag a radio receiver
-
instrum€mts
electical interface - digltal carrttrol
measurement.
G
trqrsj
-
signal
22
7.
an inductive load
phase conuol
- tiggering control by
-on offpulse conhol of the
armah[€ voltage and cunrnt contnol _
c.
motors.
Ohours)
Rc&rrnct:
1.
Elecuonic instmmenation and Measure,ment Technigues", Cooper, W.D. and Helftick A-D., (prentice
HaU India, 1988). Chapters 6,?,8,10,13
2.
anooduction to Experimenal Nuclear Physicd', Singnr,R-Ld., (Wiley Eastern, 1972).
Chapter
4
Engineering Electronics", 2* Ffltionlyder, J_D., (McGraw l1ill, 1967). Chapten
i+,fS
anshmenhtion Devices and Systems"ff,angan, C.S., G-n. and Mani V.S.V. (Iaa-MC
3.
4.
Crraw
1983).
lfll,
PHY 403 B : COMMUNICATION ELECTRONTCS
1'
A power amplifiers, Class B Push pull amplifier,
Tuned RF amplifiers _ Common base RF
version and mixers - IF arnplifiers _ Class C and linear
-
(E hours)
2'
Oscitlators: RC phase-shift oscillator
oscillators
hours)
-
Stability of Oscillators
-
- Tuoed LC oscillator. Tuned circuit Oscillators
Negativ l resistance
oscillators.
-
Crystal
@
-
de modulatioo
Amplitude modrrlation aod
tion and detection - SSB balanced mcxlulator _
phase modulation _ Angle
modulation
Foster-Seeley discriminator _ Ratio deiector _ Noise
4.
modulation
amplitude
Error detector and
Pulse
-
5'
Elements of information
adoo _ pulse code modu
er systems _ Teleprinter
Pulse
(10 hours)
Cornnrrnication systems: Receivers - Superheterodyae receiver AM receivers
-
- Automatic gain
control - Communications receivers FM re,ceivers Single and indepenctent
sicle banrl receivers..
Trarrsmi[ers - Telegraph transmitters A]r{ transrnitren jFM rransmitters
- Television rransmitters
rIF radio sy-stems - VHFruHF systems Microwave sysrems Sarellite
-
6'
-
Radiation and antennas: Potential funcdons and the EM freld Radiation
from an oscillating dipole
- Power radiated by a current element - Radiation resistance of a short rlipole - Ratliation from a
quarter waYe monopole Directiviry Gain and effective
aperture - Anrerrna arrays - Two element,
linear and binomial - Frequency independent antennae Lo! periodi.
;;;;:
i"gi
-
7
'
communications(Ll hours)
*r.*"".
(10 hours)
Space waves - Tmp6spheric
Propagation of radio waves: Ground waves Sky wave propagarion
scatter propagation - Extra terestrial communication. Ionospherc Reflection
and reftaction of
waves by the ionosphere _ Attenuation
(E hours)
References:
1.
2.
"Elecuonic communicarions",Roddy and coolen, J., (pHI, 19g6).
chapters ?.g,9,10,11,12,1g,19
'Elecnonic Cornmunication Systems". 4'h Edition, Kennedy, G. anclDavis, B. (McGraw
Hill, 1992).
Chapter 6,8
3.
'Electromagnetic waves and Radiating Systems", Jordan E.C. and Balmain, K.G. ("HI,
lg79),
Chapters 10,11,15,i7
23
PHY 403 C : MATERIALS SCENCE
1.
Imperfections in Crystals :
Thermodynamics of Schottlcy and Frenkel Defects, Equilibrium oumber of Point Defects as a function of
temperature, lnterstitial Diffusion, Self-diffusion, Determination of Diffrrsion constanr, Edge and Screw
Dislocations,_ Energy of Dislocation, Dislocation morion, Dislocation Multiplicatiorr: Frank-Read
mechanism, $Vork llardening of
(B Hours)
2..
Metals
Alloys:
BinaD' phase diagrarns from Free energy considerations! case of complete miscibility, Gibbs pha.se rule,
The lever rule, Rules of solid solubility, Hume-Rothery Electron comlxlunrls, cuse of limited solid
solubility, the Eutectic temperatue.
(EHours)
3. Films and Surfaces
4.
:
Study of surface topogeaphy by multiple beam interferometry, Determination of step beight and film
[email protected] ftinges), Qualitative idea^s of surface crystallograph), scanning, nrnneling and atornic
force microscopy, Boltzmam tranqport equadon for a thin hlm {for diffusive scatrering), Electrical
conductivity of thin frlms.
(10 Hours)
Ceramic Materials:
Silicate structure, Polymorpbism, Solid solution, Non-ductile fracture, Plastic deformation of layered
structures, Viscous deformation of glass, Electrical prqlerties of
(10 llours)
5.Polyrners:
Unsaturated hydrcrcarbons, Polymer size, Addition polymerization, Copolyrnerizatirm,
Condensadon polymerization, Thermoplastic and thermosetting resins, Elastomers, Cross-linking,
Branching.
(8 Hours)
ceramics.
6. Exotic Solids:
Structure ernd slmmetries of liquids, Liquid crystals and amorphous solid.s, Aperinlic crystals and
quasicrystals, Formation and characterization ofFullerenes and tubules, Carbon nanotube based
electronic devices, Synthesis and properties of nanostnrctued materials, Experimeatal techniques for
characterizing narostructured materials, Qrantum size effect and its
(15 Hours)
applications.
Rcfercnces:
5.
"Solid State physics", A.J. Deklier (IvfacMillan, 1958)
'Introdrrction to Solid Siate Physics", C. Kittel(Wiley Eastem, 1977).
'Elements of Materials Science", L.H. Van Vlack (Ad<Iison Wesley)
'?hysics of Thin Films", K.L.Chopra
'Thin Films", O.S.Heavens
6.
'Multiple Beam Ioterferomctr/', Tolansky
t.
'Transmiggion Electron Microscr4ty", Thomas
"The Physics of Quasicrysuls", Ed. Steinhardt and Ostulond
'Tlandbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology'", Ed. Harisingh Nalwa
1.
2.
3.
4.
8.
9.
PHY 403 D : COMPUTER SOFTWARE AISD APPLICATIONS
1.
Introduction: What is system software-Components of system software (an analogy) -Evolution of
systern software
-
The model of a Cornputer
system.
(8 houns)
24
1
L"
')
Assemblers: Elements of assembly langrrage programming
- Ovcn'iew of the assembly process Design of a Two-Pass a.ssembler - A single pa.ss assembler tbr the IBIVf-PC lvlacros and macro
prorressors.
(8
hours)
3.
Compilers : Aspects of compilation - Oveniew of the compilation process Prograrnming language
Grammars - Scannirrg-Parsing-Storage allocation. Compilation of expression Compilation oflon'trol
structures - code optimizarion-- compiler wriring
(-s hours)
-
tools
4,
Software Processors for Interactive Environments :
Interactive computing and program developmcnt
Interpreters Incremental compilers. (6 hours)
5' ,Loaders and Linkage Editors: Loading linking and reallocation-Program relocitahility
Ov'erview
of linkage editing-A linkage editor for the IBM PC linking for
(g hours)
-
program-overlays.-
6. Software Tools :Spectrum of software tools-Text editors-Interpreters aod program gcnerators-Debug
monitors-Program environments.
(g hoursl
7. Operating systels : Overview of operating systern firncdons. Batch pr.a,*essing systems(g hours)_Ivlultiprogramming operating systems - Time sharing systems.
E. Processor manag_ement : Jobs, Programs and processes-Job s"hedrling-process
schcduling - process
synchronization-Process communication-oJrerating system Deadlocks-prcrcessor managemint
in
'
multiprocessors
rrD .
hours)
(8
I'ILXTBOOK:
'SllP_ro prograrnming and operadng system", D
1993).
PHY 403 E
1.
: DIGITAL
M
Dhamdhere (Taua McGraw-Hill,
SIGNAL PROCESSING
Signals and systems, Classification of signals, Concept of frequency in conrinuous
time and tliscrete
time signals. Theory of A/D and D/A co-nversion, Sampling of analog signals, sampling theorem.
Quantization of contihuous amplitude signals. Quantizatioi oI simrso;Oai'sig"nal, Coding oiquantized
-
samples.
2.
-
(S hours)
Discrerc- time signals & systcms, Discrete- time linear time-invariant systems-Techniques of analysis
of a discrere time signal into irnpulses- Response of in systems to
T,T,?"fr
r;::'ff #*:TLf T,#:'xffi:T.*T,'j,l#'lffiH;
time systems described by difference equadons- Recursiye and nonrecursive discreie, time systems LTI systems characterized by constant coefficient difference
equations,
Solutioo to linear constaot coefflcient diffcrence equations, Thcr impulse rcsponse or a rrr iecursivc
systems, implementation of discrete
-time systems, correlation of disciete-time signals. (10 hours)
3.
The Z-transform,
fite Direct Z-Transform, The Inverse
Z-Transform.properties
of
Z-transform,
Rational Z-tansfon:ns, Poles and zeros, Inversion of Z-transforms. The inverse 2-Transfonn by contour
integration, Power_,seles expansion, Partial-fraction expansion, Decomposition
of Difference Equations, inalysis
Transforrns, One sided Z-Transforrns, Solution
invariant systems in the Z-domain.
hours)
4.
of
nttonal Zof linear time(g
Frequency analysis nf continuous-time signals. The Fourier Series for continuous Time periodic signals,
!9wer Density Spcctnrm of Periodic Signals, The Fourier Transform of Continuous -Time npeioOic
lignutt' Energy Density Spectmm of Aperiodic Signals, Frequency analysis of discrete time signals, Ttre
Fourier Series for dix:rete time Periodic Sigrrals, Power Densitl, Sp"ctorm of periodic Signal-s, Fourier
tmsfonn for discrete time aperiodic signal, Convergence of itre Fourier Transform, Eriergy Density
Slxctrum of apcriodic signals, Relationship of thcr Fouier Transform to the Z Traosform, ftrjtepstnrm,
The Fourier Transfnrm of Signals wittr p<lles on the unit circle, The frequency Dnmain cla.ssification of
signls, Concept of Bandwidth, Properties of the Fourier Transform foi Discrete Time
Signals.
25
Frequency-domain characteristics of linear time invariant systexos, Linear time
-invariant systems
frequency selective filters, Inveise systems and deconvolution.
(15 hours)
as
y
5.
Thc Discrcte Fourier traost-orm, Relationship of the DFT to the other transforms. properties of DFT
,
N{ultipalication of two DFTs and Circular convoiution, Lirrear filtering methods based on the DFT,
Filtering of long data sequences, Frequency analysis of signals using the DFL
(S hours)
6.
Computation of the Discrete Fourier Transform Fast Fourier Transfonn algorithrn, Decirnation in Time
FFT algorithm, Decitnatiott in frequency FFT algorithm, FFT algorithm tbr N a composite number,
General computational considerations in FFT algorithrns. Chirp Z-Transfonn algorithm, Applications of
FFT algorithms, Quantizarion effects in
Text Book
i.
the
conlputation of
DFT.
(g hours)
-Digital Signal hocessing by Proakis & Ir{anolakis, Prentice Hall India
-
t997
.Reference Books
1.
Digital Signal Pror:essing by Oppenheim &
'2. *Theory
Schafe.r, kentice HaIl india -1995
and Applications of Digital Signal Processing , Rabiner & Gol[ Prentice Hall India
-1996.
PHY 403F : RADIATION PHYSICS
1.
Radiation source
Different types of sources, alpha beta, gamma, neutron and heavy ion sources, radioactive sources
nanrally occuning- prodrrction of artificial isotqles, accelerators - cyclotrons, nuclear reactoflt
(10 hours)
lnteraction oiradiations with matrcr
Electrons - classical theory of inelastic collisions with atomic eleclrons, energy loss per ion pair by
primary and secondary ionization, specific energy loss, brernsstrahlung, range Jnergy rilation,inergy
an<l range straggling Heavy charged particles - stopping power, energy loss, rangc inO range
- energy
relations, Bragg curve, specific ionization, Gamma rays
photoetectrii
Intenrction mechanism
absorption, Compton scattering, Pair production, gamma ray attenuarion, attenuation coefficients,
Elastic and inelastic scattering, Neutrons - General properties, fast neutron interactions, slowing down
and
(15 hours)
3. Radiation duantities, Llnits aod Dosimeters
-
2.
-
-
moderation
flux and fluence, energy flux and fluence, crcss sections, linear and mass absorption
coefficients, stopping power, LET, exposure antl its measurements, absorbed dose and its reladon to
exp,osure, Kerrnq Biological et'fectiveness, Equivalent dose, Effective loss, Dosimeren, prirnary and
secondary dosimeters, Pocket dosimeter, Films and solid dosirneter (TLD and RpL), Clincai and
calorimeuic devices
(14 hours)
Particle
4.
Radiation transport
Basic concept, Transport equation, Fick's law and diffirsion equation, Boundary conditions, Analytical
solution, Slowing down theory, Resonance absorption, Criticality calcularions, Fermi age theory, Four
factorformula
(ghours)
5. Radiation shielding
Shiclding factor for radiations, Choice of material, Primary and secondary radiarions, Sorrce
geometry, Beta shielding, Gamma shielding, neutron shielding, Shieltling requiiements for medical,
industrial and research
Radiation
(7 hours)
Basic concepts of cell biology, Eftbcts of ionizing radiations at molecular, sub molecular and celular
levels, secondary effecLs, free radicals, applications in cancer therapy, fooci preservation, radiation and
facilities
biophysics
/
26
sterilization, Effecrs on tissues and organs, genetic effeos, Mutation and chromosomal aberratiotts
Reference boolcs
:
1.
'Atomic Nucleus", R.D. Evans
2.
J.
4.
"sourcc book on Atomic Energy" - Samuel Glasstone
'The Physics 9f Radi<llogy", H.E. Jones and Cunningham, (Charles C Thoma.s - 1989)
'Fundamentals of radiology", W.J. Meredith and J.B. Massey (John Right and sons - 1989)
'?rinciples of radiation shielding", A.B. Chilton (Prentice Hall of India)
5.
(8
PHY 404 A : QiAnrulr FIELD THEORY
1.
Classical Field Theory
Harmonic oscillator, The linear chain- classical treatment, the linear chain - quafltum treatmsnt, classical
(6 hours)
field theory, Hamiltonian formalism, Functional derivatives
2. Canonical quantization of non-relativistic fields
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian for the Schroedinger field, Quantization of fermions and bosons,
(4
Normalization of Fock states
hours)
3. Canonical quantization of Klein Gtlrdon field
The neutral Klein - Gordon freld Commutation relation for creation urd annihilation operators, Charged
(7 hours)
Klein - Gordon field, Invariant commutation relations, Scalar Felman propagator
4. Canonical quantization of spin /z fields
Lagrangian and Harniltoniao densities for the Dirac fiel( Canooical quantization of the Dirac field" Plane
(7 hours)
wave expansion of the field opcrator, Feynran propagator for the Dirac field
5.
6.
7.
Canonical quantization of photon field
Ivlaxwells equations, Larangiarr density for the Ma,rwell field, Eler:tromagxletic field irt the Lorentz gauge,
Canonical quantization of the l,orerrtz gauge - Gupta-Bleuler method, Canonical quantization in the
(8 hours)
Coulomb gauge
Interacting quantum fields and Quannrm Electrodynamics
The interaction pichre, Time evolution operator, Scattering matrix, Wick's the<nem, Feynman mles for
(10 hours)
QED, Moller scattering and Compton scattering
The path integral method
Path integrals in non-relativistic Quanrum lv{echanics, Feynman path integral, }vfultidimensional path
integral, Time ordered prodrrct and n-point functions, Path integrals for scalar quantum fields, Thc
Euclidian field theory, The Feynman propagator, Generating functional and Green's function, Generating
(12 hours)
functional tbr interacting fields
Texr book
:
"Field Qrantizatioo" Greiner and Reiohardt (Spinger-Vcrrlag -1996)
References
1)
2)
3)
4)
:
"Quantum Field theory", Lewis H. Ryder (Carnbridge University Press -1995;
'Field Theory - A modern primer" - Pierre Ramond (Bcngamin - 1996)
"Quantum Field theory", ltzyskon and Zuber (McGrarv Hill - 1989)
"Quantum Field theory", Karson Huang (Wiley)
PHY 404 B : EXPERII\IENTAL TECHMQT]ES
1.
VacuumTechniques
Oil sealed rohry- vacuum pump, Molecular pumps - Turbo molecular pump. Diffusion ptmp, Oil
vapour booster pump, Sputrcr ion purnp, Sorption pump, Cryo pump, Liquid nitrogen pump, Sorpdon
27
-
Eaps, Baffle and isolation valves, magnetic valves, acljustabie valves and gaskels, pirani gauge,
Penning gauge, Hot filament ionization
(14 hours)
Accelerators
High voltage DC accelerators, Cascade generator, Electrostatic generator, Linear accelerator.
Cyckltrtn, Synchro cyclntron, Ion sources, Ion implantation, Ion beam
( 10 hours)
gauge
sputtering
3.
Thin frlms
Thermal evaporationin vacuurn, Sputter deposition, Glow discharge, Thickness measurement by quartz
crystal monitor, Interference metho<l, electrical conductivitl, measuremeol Thcnno power, Multi-layer
optical filters
( 10 hours)
4
Cryogenics
Production of low ternperature liquefaction of air, hydrogen and helium, marripulation of liquefied
gases and the maintenance of low temperature
production of low temperature below t Oeg
temperature of the order of 10d " K
other possible methods, Measnrement of low temperarures - gas
thermometers gnd conections
secondary tbermometers, resistance therorometers, thermocorrplis,
vapour pressure thermometcrs, magnetic
(15 hours)
Materials Analysis by nuclear techniques
Rutherford backscattering
instrumentation energy loss and straggling kinematic factor
differential scattering cross section - Nuclear reaction analysis
and ion induced X-ay
-
-
5.
-
analysis
-
Text Books
thermometers
-
principle and experimental set up
experimental
afiangement
K-
-
-
- Neutron
- Proon
-
activation analysis
-
-
principles and
(13 hours)
:
1. Scientific foundations of vacuum techniques - S. Dushman and J.14. Laffer
2. Hand book of thin film technology - Heissel and Glang
3. Thin film phenomena - K.L. Chopra, Mc Graw Hill (19S3)
A
+.
Low temperature Physics - by L.C.Jackson - John Wiley & Sons Inc. 1962.
. Books forreferencs
1. Low temperature tecludques - by F.Din and A.H.Cocket" George Newnes Limired (I-ondon) 1960
2. Frank Pobel - Ivlatter and methcds at low temperarure - Springer Verlag (1992)
3. R. Sreenivasan - Approach to absolute zero - Resonance magazine !'ol 1 no 12 , vol2 nos 2, 6 and l0
4. R. Berry', P.M. Hall and IVI.T. Hanis - Thin film technology - Van Nostrand (1968)
5. Dennis and Heppel - Vacuum system desigrr
6. A. Pipco, V. Pliskovsky, B. Korolev and V. Kuznetsov - Fundamentals of Vacuum Techniques - Mir
Publishers
7. Nuclear Micro analysis
- V. \'alkovic
PHY 404 C: CONDENSED MATTER PI{YSICS
1. Density operator and its correlation firnctions. Relatlon to stnlcturo factor. pair correlatioo functioo,
Relation of Correlaticm functions to symmetry of the condensed phase, synmetry of crystals, reciprocal
lattice and Brugg scattering, Qualitative descriptions of struchtre of: nematic, cholesteric, smectic,
hexatic and lyouopic iiquid crystals: Incommenzurate strucfire, Quasi crystals and random isotropic
2.
fractals.
(9 hours)
Connection between correlatinn functions and partition function, magnetization correlation and
generalized susceptibility of a ferromagnet, Discrete and continuous symmetrics of the condensed phase,
Zz,Zuatd O,
(? Hours)
Iv1ean field theor-v and phase Transition: Bragg - Williams Theory, Landau Theory, The Ising and nvector models, The non local susccptibility and the correlation length, Examples of mean field
transitions, The first order nematic to isotropic transition, Tricritical 1xlinrs and examples of Meta
magnots, He3-He4 mixture, Density functional theory of liquid - solid
(10Hours)
models.
3,
transition.
4.
Fluctuations of the order parameter and the breakdon n of the order parameter, coarse graining of the
order parameter fielG Hamiltonian in terms of powers of the fluctlatirrg field, one loop approximation
(6 Hours)
lir
I
I
\.
28
exponents ancl scaling relalions, rhe KadanotT construccion, one dimensional Ising
rnodel,
-Critical
Renormalizatioo,
,A.pplication to noble gas ar.oms adsorbed on graphite. Ivlomentum shell renormalization
and e expansion
(10 Hours)
Time dependent correlation functions, Response furrcdons, Kraocers- Kronig
relation, sound waves in an
elastic continuum, acoustic phonons in a Iattice, Green frmction for the Diffiision
equation, Eiosteia
7
Fokker - Planck equation.
(10 Hours)
Examples of kinks and walls in an Ising lartice, Analrtic solution for a kink,
The Sine - Gordon soliton,
The Frenkel Kontorowa model for adatoms on a lattice.
(E Hours)
Text Book:
'?rinciples of Condenserl Matter of Physics", P.M. Chaikin & T.C, Lubensky
(Cambridge Uliversity
Press).
PHY 404D: cHAos AND NoN LINEAR pr{ysrcs
Syllabus to be framed later
PHY
{f-l D : CIL{.OS .d\D NON LINEAR DYNAilIICS
. Integration
ation of nonlinear
periodic stnlcture
l.
,
;
2.
uations br
obi elliptit
pendrduur
Phase portraits for consen.atit.e s\.sterns- Linear stabilin.
anal,v-sis. Linear sEbilit-!' nutrix. Classification of fixed poinLs. Examples of fixed point
anall-sis.
Limit c1-cle. Time dependent integrals. Non autonornous systerns. The driven oscillatoi. Rcmarks on
integration of differenual equarrons- Elhptic functions (chap I. Taborl
HamiltonianDv[aruics:Lagrangianfonnulationofmechanics,LagrangianfunctionandHamilton-s
Principle- Properties of the Lagrangian and generalized momentum. Hamiltonian formulation ol
mechanics. Ilamilton's equations. Canonical transfonnations- The presen ation of phase r olume. The
3.
+.
optirnal transforrration- Generating functron- Hamilton Jacobi equation for one degr.. of freedou.
Action angle rv-ariable for one degree of freedom. Integrable Hamiltonians. Scfarable
S-srems.
Properties of integrable qvstems. Examples of integrable s,vstems. Motion on the t;ri- Fundamenral
issues. KAM tlreorem (Chap 2 And Sec 3.4 Tabor)
Chaos in Harniltonian Systems and Area Preserving Mappings
Surface of seciion. Surface of
section for trl-o degrees of freedom Hamiltomans. The Henon Heiles Hamiltonian, The Toda laflice.
Surface of section as a s-vmplectrc mapping. Twist maps, Mappings on the plane. Connection betrveen
area preserving maps and Hamiltonians. The standard map. The tangent map. Classilication of fised
points, Poincare Birkhofffixed point theorern Homoclinic and heteroclinic points. The intersections
of H+ and H-whorls and tendrils. Criteria for local chaos, Lyapunov exponents, Power spectra.
Criteria for onset of widespread chaos. Method of overlapping resonanc€s. Greene's method.
Statistical concepts in strongly chaotic s.vstems. Ergodicity. Mixing, The Baker's transfonnation and
Bernoulli systelns, Heirarchies of randomness. Hamiltonian chaos in liquids. Fluid mechanical
background" The model system. Experimental results (Sec. 4.1 to 4.8 Tabor)
;
of Dissipative S.ystems
:
Dissipative sv-stems and turtulence. The Nar"ier Stokcs
equations, The concept of turbulence
-
a Hamiltonian degression. Experimenul obsen,ations on the
Dynamics
onset of turbulence- Couette flow, Ra,vleigh- Benard convection, Landau-Hopf theorv'. Hopf
bifiucation theory, Ruelle-Takens theory, Other scenarios. Fractals. Mathematical model of strangc
attractors. Lorenz sy-stems. Variations on the Lorer:z model. The Henon map- Period doubling
bifurcations-Period doubling mechrnism-Bifurcation diagram-Behaviour beryond lp- Other
5.
universaliry classes (Secs. 5.I
to
5.5 Tabor)
Solitons : Historical background" Russel's observations. The F U P experimenL Discorery of the
solution Basic properties of KdV equations, Effects of nonlinearit-v and dispersion. The traveling
wave solution (Sec. 7.1 and1.2 Tabor)
TextBook
:
"Chaos and Integrabilirl* in Nonlhear
RefelFsses
l.
2.
3.
1.
5.
6.
[namics". M. Tabor ( Wile]' . New York)
:
'thaos and Nonlinear Dynamics- An Introduction for
(Oford University Pressl
Scientists and Engineers''. R. Hilbom
"Deterministic Chaos-An Introduction". H.G.Schuster (Wiley- New York)
"Chaos in Dynamical Systems''. E.On (Cambridge Universif Press)
"Chaotic Qnamics-Aa Introduction", G.Baker and J.Gollub (Carnbridge Universit_y Press;
*An Introduction to Chaotic Dy.namical
Systems. R.L.Devanev (Beniamin-Cummings. CA)
"Deterministic Chaos"- N.Kumar
29
PHY 4O4E: LASERS AND FIBRE OPTICS
1.
Elernents of Laser rheory :
Einstein cocfficients , Evaluation of traosition rates, Line broadening mechanisms, Laser rate cquation
for three-level sy,stem, Laser porver
(8 hours)
2. Optical Resonarors :
Cavity modes, Q urf a cavity', e switching, lvlocle locking, Confocal Resonator, Planar resonator,
AnaJysis of optical resonators using geomctrical optics
( l0 hours)
3. Types of Lasers and Applications :
Ruby laser' Helium-neon laser, Four-level solid state lasers, CO laser, Dye lasers, Semiconductor
-Harmonic
Spatial frequency frltering and holography, Laser-induced fusion,
generation,
Stimulated Raman scatleriog, self-focussing, Apptications in material
(L2hours)
k*t'
processing
4.
Optical fibres
General, What are optical fibres, Importance, Propagation of light waves in optic fibres,
Basic
stnrcn[e, Acceptance anglc, Numerical apcrturc, Modes of propagation, Cut off parameters,
singlc
modc propagation
(6 hours)
5. Classification of optical fibres
stepped index monomode fibres, disadvantages, grarled index monomode hbres, mechanism
of
ex
(5 hours)
6.
as
vs
alr
7. Fibre losses
8.
e equation in stepped index fibres, flow of power in SI
(6 hours)
Attenuation in opdcal fibres, Absorption losses, Leaky modes, Radiation induced
losses, inherent
defect losses, inverse square law losses, core and cladding
(6 hours)
Lleasurements on fibres
Measurement of num_erical aperhrre and its related lerms, measurement
of fibre attenuation - insertion
loss method and brv Optical time domain reflectomcter
measurement of refractive indcx by
lbmn;,
reflection method and transmitted near ficld
(g hours)
lnsse.s
tecbnique
1.
)
K. Thyagarajan and A.K. Ghatak - Lasers Theory and applications MacMillan
Subir Kumar Sarkar - Optical fibres and fibre Optic Communication systems
- S. Chand & Co (2ffi3)
Reference Books:
1' A' Ghatak and K, Thyagarajan, Optical Eiectronics- Foundation Books (Carnbridge
1996
3.
4.
F,
N. Sharma
- Fibre optics in relecommunicarions - Taua McGraw Hiu lggz
F.G. Smith and J.H. Thomson, Optics Fr FS
M.J.N.Sibley - Optical Cnmrnunications (IInd e<tirion) MaclVlillan
1995
-
-
-
Univenity)
-
30
PRCTTCAL PHY 305 and PI{Y 40s - PRACTTCALS
MODERN PHYSICS I and II
v AND vr -
(At least
v
10 experiments to be done from Part A and 2 eachfrom each of the elective
papeE selected for papers PHY N4 PHY 403 and PHY fi4. lfno practical have been
given for a particular optional paper, two rnore experirnents frorir Part A should be done.
Those offering Advanced Electronics as Practical paper under PHY 306 and pHy406 shal
not chose any experiments from Part B for PIIY 305 and PIIY405; they shoutd choose two
more experiments from Part A itself instead.) - It may be noted that some experiments are
given both in Part A and B - of course such experiments can be done only onie : either as
included in A or in B. At least 16 experiments should be done, 8 in each of the tt o
semesters.Internil evaluation to be done in the respective semesters and marks to be
intimated to the controller at the end of each semester itself. Practical observation book to
be submitted to the examiners at the time of viva voce in each semester. One mark is to be
deducted from intertral marks for each experiment not done by the student if a total of 8
experiments are not done in each semester
PARTA
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7
.
8.
9.
l0'
11.
72.
13.
74.
15.
16.
17.
18.
G'M. Counter plateau and statistics of counting - To obtain the plateau, operating voltage and to verify
the distribution law satisfied by the radioative docay
Absorption coefficie,nt for garnma rays -To detennine the absorption coefficienr of the give.n material for
Cs-137 gamma rays using a G.Ir{.Counter
Absorption coefficient tbr hota rays -To determine the absorption coefficient of tbe given material for
Ra-D-E source using a G.M.Counrer
Feather ana!-sis - End point energy To determine the end point energy of the bera particles from a
given source using Feather Analysis
Scintillation countor To calibrate the given gamma ray (scintillation) slxctrometer using standar6
gamma sources and to determine the energy of an unknown gamma ray source
Cornpton scattering To verify the theoretical expression for the energy of rhe Compron scartered
gax0ma ays at a given angle using a Scintillation gamma
E)ectrometer / detennine the resr rnass energy of
tle electron
Absorption spectrum of KMnO+ and Iz - To determine tle wavelengths of the absorption bands for KMnO+
solution and to dtermine the rlisstrciation energy of kdine molecule by measurements on im absorption
specrum ( either by taking photograph or ottrerwise)
Ilall effect in semiconductors To detennine the carrier concentration in the given specimen of
semiconducting material by means of the Hall eff.ect.
Tnnet voltage characteristics at low and arnbient temperanues To study the variation of the Zener
voltage of ttre give Zener diode with temperature
Ultrasonic interferometer - velocity of sound in tiquids - To detennine the velocity of ultra sonic waves
in the given liquid
Dctermination of band gap eoergy in Si and Ge
Conductiviry-, Reflectivity, sheet resistance and refractive index of thin films
Millikan's oil drop method - To rneasure the charge on the eiecuon. by means of the Miliikan's oil drop
beta rays from a
-
-
-
-
apparatus
Thomson's e/m rneasurement
meth<d using a CRT
Thermionic work function
-
-
To dctermine the charge to mass ratio of the electron by Thomson's
To determine the the.rmionic work function of rhe materiai of the cathode of
the given vacuuru diode/triode from the characteristics at different filament currenm
-
Optical fibrc characteristics
To determine the numerical aperture, attenuation and band width of thc
given optical fibre sJrecimen
Frank-Hertz experiment
To measure the critic:al ionization porerrtiais of Mercury by drawing current
vs. applied voltage in a discharge tube
Fabry Perot etalon - Determioation of wavelength and thickness of air film
-
31
Band gap enery of Ge by four probe method - To snldy bulk resisrance and determine the band gap
energy of Ge
Stud.v of LED characteristic-q - Determination of wavelength of emission, I-V characteristics anrl
variation with tempearture, variation of ourput power vs. applied voltage
Photoelectric effect - Determirmdon of Planck's consunt (-White light and hlters or LEDs of different
colours may be used)
Porosity
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
?)
of
refractor-v materials
-
To determine the porosity of the given
sample
of brick
-
Ivlicrowave experirnents
-
Deterrnination of waveleugth, VSWR, attenuation, dielectric constant
Ionic conductivity - KCI / N-aCl
Zeemu effect
IR spe.ctrum - identification
33.
Raman spectrum
34.
NMR spectnrm
PART B
I
ADVANCED ELECTRONICS
,
1.
Simple temperanre control circuit
Binary rate multiplier
3.
4.
5.
6.
Optical feedback ampli fi er
Frequency modulation and pulse modulation
Decimal to BCD encrxler using dicxle matrix
Binary multiplier
I
MATERIAL SCIENCE / CONDENSED MAT|ER PHY.SIS
1.
C'ne_Weiss law
2.
of metals
Crowth of a single crystal from solution and determination of stmctural, electrical and optical properties
Snrdy of coloru centres - Thermoluminiscence glow curves
lonic conductivity in KClA,laCl crystals
Thennoluminiscence spectra of alkali halides
Thermo emt'of bulk samples (AUCu)
J.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
- (To dcrcrmine the Curie temperature)
phase transitions - measurement <ltresistivity
liqtid
lolid
Elecron qpin-resonance
Strain guage - Y of a metal beam
Variation of dielectric coptanl with temperature of
10.
11.
Ferrite specimen
1.
Amplitudc modrrlation and demodulation
2.
3.
Frequency modulatirm and demodulation
Pulse arnpii tude ruodulation and demodulation
Pulse code modulation and demodulation
hrlse position modulation and demodulation
Study of crystal detector
L-C transmission line characrcristic
Tuned RF amplifier
Seely discriminators
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
by
measurements of the weights of the dried and soaked sarnples in air and inside warer
Spectroscopic analysis by r:arbon arc To photograph the ernissioo spectr:um of the given substance in
cartno arc and to identity the Iines
Arc spectrum - Photograph the arc spectrum ofiron, copper an<l identity the spectral lines
ESR specuorneter - Deterrnination of g factor
Vibrational bands of AIO
Rydberg constant dctemr ina tioo
IR spectrum -- identification
-
a feno electric material ( Barium tianate)
variation of magnetic properties with composition
32
\-
10.
AM transnnitter
I1.
Radiation from dipole anrcnna
optical fi bre characterisrics
t2.
13.
-
arrenuation and bandwidth)
Supericrl,afenure,
upucat teed back circuit
Geedback factor, gain and frequency response)
ry
1.
To determine the half life of In_l 16 by irratliation
of
2.
ometer and determine the resolution
J.
rays emitted form lead target by photo
electric
I
+.
ctrum
5.
if inner bremssrahhrng
rformance of series and parallci coincidence
circuits
6.
SCA using precision pulser
i.
ght with applied voltage and to obtaing
the pulse
8.
ight with applied voltage and to obtaining
the pulse
9.
easure the diamelers of the alpha tracks
irr CR_39
10.
11.
the momenhrm
beta souces
es from a$\-24t
-T
either a surface
anrl mylar
V
l.
2.
3.
+.
lylberg consranr - hy,drogen
ESR-Laodegfactoi
s
specLrum
cring pipes
6.
7.
librational bands of AIO
8.
Pirani gauge
9.
Thin films
Thin films
10.
- characteristics
- electrical properties (sheet resistance)
- opfical ptopc.iies (Reftecti"iiv,lrans,njssion,
VI
1.
2.
3.
)l
T.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
from given gamma
Strain gauge
Simple servomechanism
Tcmperanue control
Coincidence circuits
Mufuiplexer
IEEE 488 Electrical interface
Single channel analyzer
D i ffer.ential voltmeter
Frequency slnthesizer _ Signal generator
Silicon conrrolled rectifi er I rf,ioct.rlrrir*
Silicon controlled rectifler _ power
.;;;i
attenuation, refractivc: index)
33
PHY 306 and PI{Y
40G
- PRACTICALS
vr
AND
vrlr
EITHER OF THE FOLLOWING TW'O (EITHER ADVANCED
ELECTRONICS OR COiV{PUTER PROGRAMMING IFORTAN & C]
)
I.
ADVA_IiCED ELECTROMCS I
(Sixteen experiments
semester)
an<t
II
to be carried out: eight in the third semester and eight in the tburth
voluage regulation using oPAMPS(Frnd voltage regulation
characteristics & Ioad regrrlation)
- Half wave and full *urJ fo. iigna* or.iui irit range
fipa\4p!
Astable and monostable mrltivibrators using oPAMPS(compare
"rirg
the frequency of astable with tleoritical
value.verify the monosuble operation ano oJtermine the pulse
unrtrh
kecision rectifiers
I
using CRO. Compare the calcrilated delay with tbe
tput with theoretical value)
aves as a true binary
sent graphically the filter characrcristics
g characteristics & represent the output wave form
10.
ffiri"f*""r
using D/A converter (use 8 bit D/A converrer and converr
the given anlog signal to digital
ter using digital IC
11.
&tc7q2
12.
astable multiribrator for rlifferent
13.
.C
14.
15.
16.
17.
values &measure pulie width)
rtS
Multiplexer using IC 24151
Deculer IC74l5S
Progranoming using 8085
- Basic single byte arithmetic
division) using 8085 Kit
(
addition, subtraction, multiplication and
t
ascending and descending order
essor
microprocessor
to BCD, BCD to binary, BCD ro l0,s complernent)
uiggerable & Non re riggerable
Reference Books :
1.
sics for students
n
-
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
-
Methusen & Co (1950)
Buncrworth fi970)
c (1988)
(1e83)
devices and circuirs
- Merril Inrernarional
luclfa.-_|iSital Experirnenrs
physics
Jagdish varma
-
Nucrear
Experiments
-
series (19g4)
-N; d;
irt#"uonrr
(200r)
Menill International
series
\.
34
llt
PI{Y 306 FORTRAN LANGUAGE
(All experirnents in part A to be done only for fanniliarization. At least
8 programs to be
done from Part B; 4 in the IIITcI semester and remaining 4 in fVttr sernester)
Note : rvllherever po.ssible, arrays must be used. SubroutineV Pur:ction
suhproggams also must be
used wherever required / possible. Programs_ should he general,
with a possiuiiity to carry out
the calculations tbr more than one data .set. No piraphicai-outputs
required.
PART A
1.
:
(To be done tor tamiliarization only)
Solution of qua<iratic equation
uation for various sets of values of the coefficients
Z.
3.
+.
5.
Ranking of students in exarnination
PART B
1.
a
3.
4.
:
(At least 8 tcr be done)
Difference tables
Inteqpolatio'n : To interpolate the value of a furrction using Lagrange irrterpolating polynomial
ryu*. -fitting :To obtain the slope and inrercepr Uy tinear I,Sn
Evaluation of polynomials - Bessel anrl Legendre fiinctjons : Using the series expansion
and recurrence
relations
!*!t
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
tables
and Simpson's method
Newton Raphson method, minimum of a firnction
expansion
inverse, eigen value problem
n(x), cos(x), log(x).and exp(x.) by Tayror series
10. sohrtion of first order differential equation _ Runge Krrtta method
11. Monte carlo method : Detennination of the value of z by using random numbe.n
12. Ordinar-v borrndary value problem
13. operations with a data file : To open, read, write and close dau files
least 8 programs to be done; 4 in the IIIrd semester and remaining 4 in IVth sernester)
Note : All simulation programs should give graphical outputs. Thecalculated numerical
results also should be-output in the graphics screen. The TURBO C package (Windows)
or
Linux can be used
generating and compiting the source code and to generate the
for
executable code. The built in graphics can be used.-lvhereyer possible, the randorn number
generator can be used. For numerical integrations and solution of differential
equations,
Simpson's method, Runge Kutta method and Milue's method can be used. Generation of
the graphics plots sho-uld not be done purely by using the flrnal analytical expressions alone.
_(At
l.
z.
Study of motion of a particle in a central torce neio by co-mputcr experjmeni
a Coulirmb field (Ruiherford scattering) and tn derermine
To
plot
thg
dgfl
stucly
o
nqr4n.ra'
l*1ffi,"$l,compurer experimenr
\
35
realistic nucleus
3.
.
4.
cgnstancy of aeriat veiocity)
Gencrate pha.rc space ploii
-
mass of
planers,
:"fl;r:i:[J*
ing systems
ii)
:
a dissiparive case ( damped pendulum)
nabox
sity of a particle in a box; Schroedinger eguadon to be
t in scattering from a given potential (potential hill.and
ment : To plot the light intensity as a function of
two slit arrangement
of different shapes : To plot the ransmission
re barrier, an inverted Gaussian and an inverted
aiameters, elastic constants
of parameters
:
To plot the attractive and
imple molecules : Triatomic molecule for various
bond
cons[ants
: To plot the diqpersion relations (
gher dimensions
ol
vs k)
otion in one and two dimensions under the
e.
Ievels for panicles obelng rhe three statistics ar
tential
Text Books
:
Calculation of
al and a2: potential
plots (
:
1.
)", Stao Kelley Bootle, BpB publications, New Delhi
2.
il:X3.
_ an inroduction,,, R.C.Varma p.IlAhluwalia
Rajararnan,
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
-
prentice
sics On the pC
-Mc
Graw
-
and KC.Sharma. New Age
tlall of Ind.ia
Springer Verlag (19g9)
Hill (1983)
uter simulation methods _ Applications to physical
9.
hrriques in physics
-
Adam Hilger (1937)
Reference Book
sons
_ ,'consonium
for upper level Physics software(cuPS)"
-
by B. Hawkins, R.s.Johns
- John wiley and
--:
\\
Plf
t
l.
i.
+.
-i
\ J(ll l): ( IL.\OS .\\D \O\ I l\EAIi l)\'\AlllC^S
-l'ltc
i)tttattucs ol' Drliercrttiitl equatrorts Integration of linear second orclcr cclratrons b,
tlttadrarure. Ihc cianrped osctllator. ltttcc,rallor] o[ uonlinear second order er;uatirrn. Jlrucbi ellpti;
luttctious. \\'eierstrass elliptic fuucLrols. Periodic structure of elliptic ftrnctious. The penchrlunr
cquatioir. Plrase lrcrtrait of tlre peltdulurn. Phase porlrails for consen'ati\e s\steuls. Lineirr srabihrr
ittralrsis.,Linear slabilitv nn(rix. Classilication oI hsed points. Examplcs of fixcd pornr analrsis
Liuut ocle- Tilue dependent iltLegrals. Non autonorrlous s\sterus. Tlre drivcn oscillator. P.cnrarks olr
rntcgration of diffcrential equations. Elliptic lunctions (Chap l. Tabor)
Hartriltoniart D1'naurics : Lagrangian fonnulation of mechatics. Lagrangian function and Haluilton
Prittciple. Propgrties ol lhe Lagrangiun ;rnd generalized nlomentunt. Harniltonian fonrrulation oi'
ntechantcs. liantilton's equatious. Canorrical transfonnations. The preservation of phase r olume. The
optirnal trarsfonnation. Generatiug function- Hanrilton Jacobi equatron lor one degree of freedorrr.
Actiou angld rariable lor onc dcgree of freedom. Integrable Harniltonians. Scparable srslenls.
Properties of intcgrable ststems- Examples of integrable systens. N'Iotion on tlrc Lori. Fundamentd
issucs. KA.N{ theorem (Chap 2. furd Sec 3.{ Tabor)
Chaos in HarnilLonian S1'stems and Area Presening Ivlappings : Surface of section- Surface o[
section for trvo degrees of freedom Hamiltonians. The Henon Heiles Harniltoniau. The Toda lattice.
Surface of section as a ry''mplectic mapping. Tlvist maps. tvlappings on the plane. Connecrion betrreen
area presen'ing maps and Harniltonians. Tlte standard rnap. The tangent map. Classification of fi.xed
points. Poincare Birkhofffixed point theorem- Hornoclinic and heteroclinic points. The intersections
o[ H+ and H-rvhorls and tendrils. Criteriu lor local chaos. Lyapunov exponc[ts. Power spectrii.
Criteria for onset of widespread chaos. Method of overlapping resonances. Grcene's methoo.
Statistical conc€pts in strongll- cluotic s.r'-stems. Ergodiciq.. Mixing. The Baker's trandomration and
Bernoulli svstems. Heirarchies of randomness- Hamiltonian chaos in liquids. Fluid mechani';'rl
background. The model s]-stem. Experimental rezults (Sec. {.1 to 4.8 Tabor)
Drnamics of Dissipatrve S1'sterns : Dissipative svsterns and turbulence. The Navier Sto'rcs
equations. The concept of turbulence - a Hamiltonian degression. Experimental obsenaiions on the
onset of turbulence. Couette florv. Ra1'leigh-- Benard convection. Landau-Hopf theorl'. H:pf
bilurcation tJreorl'. Ruelle-Takens thcon. Other scenarios. Fractals. IVlathematical rnodel of slrauqc
attractors. Loreru svsterrs. Variations on the Lorenz model- Tlrc Henon rrutp. Period doubl,-rg
bifurcations-Period doubling rttechanisrn-Bifurcation diagraur-Beluviour be1'ond lp- Otiier
universalitr-classcs (Secs. 5. I to 5.-i Tabor)
Solitons : Historical background. Russel's obsen'ations- The F U P experirnent. Discovery of the
solution. Basic properties of KdV equations. Effects of nonlineari[' and dispersion. The traveling
uare solution (Sec. 7.1 a-nd 7 2 Tabort
-q
Tcsi Book
:
"Chaos and lntcgrabilit-r'in Nonlincar Dvnamics". iv-[. Tabor
1
!\'ile1' . Neu'York)
Rcl'erm;es
I
"Chaos and Nouliucar Drnarnics- An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers". R. Hilbont
-1.
t Oslbrd Unrversill Press)
"Deterministic Chaos-An lnuoduction". H. G. Schuster ( Wile-v-. Nerv l'ork )
"Chaos in
[rrauucal S1-sterns". E.Ott (Cambridge Universiry- Press)
"Chaotic [h'namics-An Introduction". G.Baker and J.Gollub (Carnbridge Universit_r'Press)
_i
"An lnuoduction to Clurotic D1'narnical
(t.
"Deterministic Chaos". N.Kumar
l
SJ'stems. R.L.Devaner'(Benjamin-CumminSs. CA)
Fly UP