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Sc. and fU. Scheme
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
fU. Sc.
PHYSICS
Scheme and Syllabus
(19t1 Admisrions)
irintcd ar rhc cALlcur uNtvEistry pRESs
,/
a
\
M. Sc. PHYSICS (1981 ADMISSIONS)
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
ABSTRACT
i
University of Calicut
of revised scheme and syllabi
- Introduction
for M.Sc. courses, consequent
on the disconlinuance of semester
system for the University departments, etfective from 1981 admission
onwards-Orders issued
General and Academic Branch
Dated. Calicut University P.O. 21-7-81
Read: 1 rtem No. 20 of the minutes of the Academic Council held
on 29-1 2-1 980
2 Minutes of the Faculty of Science held on 3-4-1981
3 Minutes of the Academic Council held on 27-6-1981.
4 U.O. No. GA B478803/80 dated 6-7-1981.
No.
GA-B3/31/81
(
RDEB
As per U.O. referred (4) above, sanction was accorded for the
discontinuance of semesrer system in the University departments
from 1981 admission onwards, for M.A /M.Sc.iM.Com. courses and
for the new unified scheme and syliabi being introduced in the
University departments and affiliated colleges.
2 The Academic Council at its meeting held on 27-6-81 had
approved the new scheme and syllabi, for science subjects at P.G.
level, subject to the recommendations df the Faculty of Science.
3 Sanction is therefore accorded for tha introdrrction of unified
scheme and syllabi for M. Sc courses, in the University departments
and affiliated colleges, effective from 1981 admissions.
4 The details of the new scheme and syllabi of M. Sc. Mathematics Physlcs, Chemistry, Zoology and Botany are appended to
this order.
sd/Registrar
M. Sc. PHYSICS (1981 admissions)
of
Scheme
I
Exam.
Year
Paper
I
Paper ll
Paper lll
Poper lV
Practical
il:
Mathematical Methods
Mechanics, Thermodynamics and
100 marks
Statistical Physics
Classical Electrodynamics
Basic Electronics
: Basic Electronics (E) Basic
Electronics (S-N)
100 marks
100 marks
100 marks
General Physics/Project I (Students
may be offered either of the alternates
80 marks
(including 20
for records)
-do-
according to facilities)
Viva Voce l:
ll
Total
40 marks
600 nrarks
Year
Paper
Paper
V
Vl
Paper Vll
Paper
vlll
Paper
lX
Ouantum Mechanics
Aton:ic and Molecular Physics
Solid State Physics
Nuclear Physics
Optional Subjects:
One of the following:
120
120
120
120
120
marks
marks
marks
marks
marks
A) Electronlcs
Bt Solid State Physics
C) Nuclear
Practical
lll
IV
Physics
Higher Electronics Project ll
(Students may be offered either of
the alternates according to facilities)
Modern Physics
Viva Voce ll
Total
Grand
-r'otal
120 marks
(including 20
for records)
-do
60 marl<s
900 marks
1500 marks
Practical Examination
1 Practical Examinations shall be of six hours duration.
2 Students shall do error analysis except for electronics oracticals.
Students will not be reqrrirerJ to maintain or present "fair" reiord
books. But, they shall have to mainiain a record work rarhich
shall have entered in ii all work re:ords of daily lab work ro be
signed by the supervising teacher. The notings in the book shall
rncJude observatlons, calculations, results and error analysis.
ihe book shall he presented for evaluation by the examiners.
The above guidelines shall be applicable to project work also.
ln regard to elilctronics practicals lt was specially observed
that students will be expected to become farniliar with the usage
of multimeters. prlse generatots and oscilloscopes.
SY
Paper
I
LI-/iBUS
Mathematical f,/iethods
Text Books
: 1)
G. Arfken __Mathematical Methods
Academic press.
2
3
for physicists
M.rtrices (Arfr<en chapter 4 secs 1_ 6)
Determinanls, matrices, orthogenai'rnatrices,
oblique co_ordi_
nates, hermirian and unirary matrices and aiiton-atrsJtLn
or
matrices,
Functions of a complex variable (Arfken chapter
6, Chapter 7
secs 1 -3).
(b) Legen
Gener
ts
rs
mura. ".
(c)
polynomials
spheri
Hermite and Laugere
1 and 3)
secs' 1-6)
'rliroJffi" lT;
(Arfken chapter 13 secs
4
(Arfken chapters
Fourier series, (Fourier and Laplace transforms
7
14 A 1s).
General ilroPerties, uses of
integral transforms, Fourier
of d6rivaties, convolution
Laplace transform, LaPlace trant
theorem and inverse Laplace transtorm'
8
:13)a"'i"ion' derini-
discrete distribution,
moments, binomial,
ns.
Mechanics. Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics
Mechanics' AddisonTeit Books : t 1 H. Goldsrein, Classical
New Delhi)'
Company'
*"stev itnaian Book
Wiley'
John
Physics'
Statistical
trla'nat,
f.
2)
Paper
A.
1
ll
Mechanics
Lagrange's equations Possibles
1.3 & 6t.
of a Particle and a s
D'Alembert's PrinciPle and
2 Sec.
Nlechanics
2
deoendent Potentials and dissiP
caiion, derivation of Lagrange's
ciple, and Conservation laws'
3)' Two-body central force problem (Goldstein Chapterequ.ations
of
problem...
on"-body
lqriri"nt
th;
to
Reduction
varial
the
orbits'
of
classrfication
motion and firsi ini"gi"ft,
problem' scattering from
it"o*rn, "qrrtion'ioi-otUit' tft" Kepler
scatterins problem to
the
of
;';;;i;;i io-r"e tiela, trlnsformation
laboratorY co-ordi nates'
g
ti""matics of rigid body-motion (Goldstein chapter 4 Secs.
- ih"
1-4.6-9, A ChaPter 5 secs'
1
Co-ordinates of a rigid
rian angles' Euler's
change of a vector, t
kinetic energy of mo
4
bodY,
axis transforlnation,
the Euler equations and forc
Hamilton's equations of mo
(Goldstein chapter r, and c
)
5
-
brackets, equation of motion, angular momentum and Poisson
bracket relations, Liouville's theorem'
Spbcial theory of relativity (Goldstein chapter 6.Secs. 1-4)The basic program of special relativity. the Lorenlz transfor-
mation, covariant four-dimensional formulations, force and
energy equation.
B.
1
2
T'hermodynarnics
Second law of thermodynamics lMandl chapter 2 Secs. 1-3 5 &
Chapter +).
The direction of natural processes, the statistical weight of a
ibrium of a
macrostate, equilibrium of an iso
e applicaClauslu
the
bath,
in
a
heat
system
potentials,
tions, Helmohltz free energy and o
law
o
third
and
relations
Maxwell
Simple thermodydamic systems (Mandl, Chapter 5)
Heai engines and refrigerators, differences of heat c-a-pacities,
entropy of mixing. Joule effect, Joule-Thomson effect and
adiabatic cooling.
C. Statistical Physics
'! Clas
artition fun;tion, equation
The
trlbution, real gases, clasof st
tition of energy.
sical
2 Ouantum statistics lMandl chapter 6. 9 A 10)
Bose-Einstein and' Fermi-Dirac. statistics partition functions,
photons and Pl'rrck's distribution law, proper'
consid
y radiation and its thermodynamics, hea-t capa'
ties of
e electron model of metals and Bose-Einstein
city of
condensation.
3-
Systems with variable
Grand partition fu
fhe
(Mandl chapter
1-2)
rand canonical distribu-
gases, fluctuations and
tion, the peifect classr
multi component sYstems.
Paper lll : Classical Electrodynami.cs Teit Books: 1 R. Pionsey and R. E. Collins:
Principles' and Applications of Electromagnetic
Fields, McGraw Hill.
2 J.D. Jackson: Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley
(2nd edition)
1 Electrostatics (Plonsey chapter 2 secs 4-8 & 1O-11 chapter 3
ield a
ages,
dlpol
boundary conditions.
, Laplace's&Poissonsequations,
a sphere and cylinder, field due
ility and electric flux density anci
o
Stationary curre_nt (Plonsey chapter 5 secs 3 6)
conservation of charge, relation time, resistance of arbitrary
g.haped conductors, boundary c rnditions and refraetion of current
flow
lines.
Static Magnetic f ield in vacuum iplonsey chapter 6 secs 1-7)
Ampere's law of force, vector octential, field from an infinite
vuire and conducting ribbon carrying current, field from a circular
loop and use of vector.potential, thL magnetic dipole, ,rgn"ti"
flux, Ampere's circuirar raw and magnetid fierd in'a
iin".
"oairJ
Magnetic field in material
(plonsey
chapter
7
secs
1_7)
.bodies.
Equivalent volume and surface
polaiization'currents. field intensity t-|, boundary conditions l,or B g H, scalar potential for Hand
magnetic circuit.
Ouasi stationary Magnetic field lplonsey chapter g secs 1_4 A
6)
lnductance and Neumann formulas, inductance of a coaxial line,
self inductance of a circular loop and entlrgy of a syiGm ot
current loops
ndenr f ields (F'lonsey chapter 9 secs Z__g) Maxwell,s
source froe wave equations, po. /er flow and energy,
time -- varying fields, Helmholtz equation, corpie*
poyntrng vector and scalar and vector potentials.
Plane waves, wave guides and resonators (plonsey chapter
10 secs. 1..3 & 6-8 I chapter I 1 secs 1-2)
classification of wave solutiorrs
waves
- plane
- reflection
from a dielectric interface, perpendicular
and parallel
;"L;=;_
tion, reflecrion from a conducting plane, rectangular andciriutir
wave guides, electromagnetic cavities, radiaiion from lineir
current element, half wave e;tenna, radiation resistance and
power of radiation.
lnteration of charges particles with fields (plonsey chapter 12
secs 1-4 & 10)
Motion of charged particles in static uniform electric field, in
static uniform, magnetic field, combined uniform, static
and magnetic Jields, electromagnetic ,,vave propagation"t"-ctri"
in the
ionosphere.s. Faraday rotatio.n ahO e. m. wave pro[agation in a
ferrite medium.
Magnetic hy
and plasma physics (Jackson chapter
10 secs 2-3,
Magnetohyd
. quations, magnetic diffusion, viscosity
and pressure,.magnetohydrodynamtc
waves, high frequency
plasma oscillations, short'wave length limit and
distance'
10
Deiye;[;;i;g
ackson chapter 1 1 secs g-1 1 a
ials and fields, electromagnetic
tensor and conservation lews,
7
radiation from movirrg charges, Leinard-\rveichert potentials,
Larmour formula, angular distiibution of radiation ,na if,orson
scattering.
Paper
lV:
Basic Electronics
4 J. Miilman and C. C. Halkias Disintegrated
nics, McGraw Hill lntegrated Electronics,
1 Servomechanism
First and second
2 Circuit theory (C
3
Electro-
16 secs. i -3)
and operatiohal principles.
pp 81 92 g Chapter 1O. pp
353-.77)
Net work theorems, Thevenin, Norton and maximum po,wer
transfer theorems, band pass, low pass and high pass filteis.
Vacuum tube and semiconduc;tor <Jevices (Ryder-l Chapter 1
secs.6-7, I A 11-17 A Chapter z secs. 3-b, g-13 & 15_i6)
space-charge effects in vacuunr diodes. characteristics of diodesr
triod
pe
nic energy levels in semicond
p se
p-n junciion, Volt-ampere
relati
ce o
types of diodes and junc-
tion
4
der-l Chapter 't3 s!cs. j-6, 8-13 A 29-30
tz)
5
6
A
full-wave rectifiers. filters, capacitor, inductor,
stabilization by VR tubes and Zener diodes.
Lorn,-frequency amplifiers (Ryder-l Chapter 3 secs. 1-g- &
12-26, Millman Chapter 5 secs. O 8 e Millman Chapter g secs.
1-4,6 A 8-9)
ldeal amplifier, current and voltage equivalant circuits of vacuum
tubes a,rd tronsistors, CE, CR, CC amplifiers, coupting of cascade
anrolifiers, methods of biasinq and rlesign consideraiions.
Feedback Amplifiers Fr Oscillators (Ryder-ll chapter S secs. i 5
I chapter 12)
amolifiers, effects on distortion. input and output
. stability with feedback, feedbacl< requirements'for
basic oscillator circuits, crystal oscillators, ancl
osc illator.
E
8 Operation
Basic ope
amplifidr,
characteri
(Millman Ch
ifier, differen
oltages and
lC operational
ional amplifier
ezero
ns.
c
and lea
synchronisation, tri39ering of f lip-flops, Schmitt trigger, bistable
counters, decimal ccunting and decade-c,lunter tube.
conversion.
Paper V: Auantum Mechanics
Text Books: 1 P. M. Mathews 8- K. Venkitesan, A Text Book of
Ouantum Mechanics, Tata Mc-Graw-Hill
2 L l. Schiff, Ouantum Mechanics Mc-Graw-Hill (3rd
edition)
1 The Schrodinger Equation (Mathews Chapter 2 Schiff, Chapters
2€J3)
Heuri6tic derivation
tt
tion of V, proba
the equalio-n of
function nornrali
of the Schrociinger equation and time-
dependent and
3
curlent densitY,
Y, boland deltaon Y, Expectation
I Dirac delta function.
Problems in one Dimension (Mathews Chapter 2 Secs 10-13,
Chapter 2 sec. 9 I Schiff Chapter 4 sec. 13)
One dimensional square well potenlial with (a) perfectly rigid
wall, (b) finite potential step, square potential barrier, quantum
mecha'nical tunnelling, reflection and transmission coefficients,
the linear harmonic oscillator, energy eigenvalues and eigen
functions and correspondence with classical ttteory.
Problems in three Dimensions (Mathews Chapter 4 secs. 12-17
values, the Ehrenfest'e theorem
2
hysical inter preta-
tY
wavefunctions and degeneracY'
9
4
General Formatism (Mathews chapter 3 secs.
Schiff chapter 3 seci. 10*12).
5
Theory ol Angul-ar-M_omentum (Mathews chapter 4 secs. 6_9,
Chapter 8 secs. 1-3, S-7I 1O- t)).
Definition of angular momentum,'the basic commutation relaeigen values and eigen vectors, matrix r"pr"."ni.iion, the
Ions,
Pauli spin matrices, orbitir angurar momentum, the sphericar
6
7
14, &
harmonics. Addition of two rn-gular momenta and the ilebschGordon coefficients
Scattering theory (Mathews Chaoter
Chapter 5 sec. 1B-19).
Scattering cross-section, the scattering
ation for scattering, Green's functions,-B
mations, scattering by a central square
of partial waves, expansion of a plane wave in terms of soherical
waves, phase shifts, scattering bmplitude and cross seltion in
terms of phase shifts, optical iheorem, dependence of the phase
shift on the -potential, angular mementum and energy, tow_
energy scattpTing, scattering length and effective rang5, iesonance scattering and scattering by-a hald sphere.
Approximation methods (Mathews Chapter 5 secs. 1_7,1-12,
secs. S-7,9, n e 14 A Schiff'Cnrpt"ie .".".'bl, gZ,
9lrptqt9
34 A 35).
(a) WKB Approximation:
The WKB wavefunction, criterion for validity, solution near
a line
etic connection formulae, the
Bohrondition, transmisjion coefficient
d tunnelling
(b)
(c)
Paper
Text
2_5,7 _
Variat
Upper bound on ground state energy, application to excited
states and ground state of helium atom,
Stationary Perturbation Theory:
Vl
Atomic tnd Molecular Spectroscopy
Books:
I
2
3
Straughan and Walker (Eds).
Spectroscopy Vol.
paperbacks
l,
Chalman
g
Hall
_
Science
Straughan and Walker (eds) Spectroscopy Vol. ll.
Langyel, lntroduction td La'ser physics, .t6trn Witey.
IU
atomic spectrs,
NMR sp
1-2I 4-6)
erimental technique'
resonance methods'
er secs
G"ner.i
Fourier
chemica
NOR Spectroscopy (Straughan
t/ol' I chaptel 3) .
prin"ioi"r
quadiupole
resonance, Experimental detec-l*f of nuitdai
in Chemistry and Solid'State
applications
ana
O,r
iii'"'-,ii
chemistry.
lR speciroscopy (Straughan Vol' ll, chapter 4
secs
1-6
and
t 2)
theory of R absorption -- rotation, spectra,
ixoerimerrtal aspects,'molecules,
for lR spectroscopv and for lR
;?i;;;.;;;iiiomic
chapter 5, secs 1
I
iRtelferometers.
Lasers (Lengyel secs.
seattelinq.
1.4,2.1.2'2,2'3,3'1,3'2' 3'5' 5'1 e
ii
Vll
Solid State Pltysics
Text Book: C. Kittel, lntroduction to ;Solid State Physics, Wiley
Eastern (sth edition).
1 Crysta! Structure ancl Binding (Kittel chapter 1 pp 4-2E, Chapter
2 pp 40-63 I Chapter 3 pp 76 97)
Peribdic arays of atonts, fundarncntal types of lattices, index
system for crystal planes, .si,nple crrrstal structures, experimental
diffraction methods, derivation of 'scattered wave amplitude
Brillouin Zones, fourier analysis bf the basis, crystais of intert
gases, ionic crystals, covalent crystals, metal crystals and hydroPaper
gen -bonded crystals.
2
Phonons and thermal propertiei (i(ittel Chapter 4 pp 107421 A
pp 't27-150).
Vibrations of monatomic lattices, lattice with two atoms per
primitive cell, quantization of lattice vibrations, phonon momentum. inelastic scattering ct neutrons by phonons, lattice heat
capacity, anhormonic crystal inieractions, thermal expansion and
thermal conductivity.
3 Electrons in Solids I (Kittel chapter 6 pp 160-178, chapter 7 pp
186-190 I chapter 8 pp 193-203)
Free electron gas in three dimensions, heat capacity of the electron gas, electrical conductivity and ohms law, motion in magnetic fields and Hall effect, thermal conductivity of metals, nearly
free electron model, Bloch functions, Kronik-Penny model,
wave equation of electron in a periodic potential and number of
orbitals in a band.
4 Electrons in solids ll: (Kittelchapter 8 pp 207-247 I Chapter 9,
pp 251-259)
Semiconductor crystals, band gap, equations of motion of electrons and holes, intrinsic carrier concentration, impurity conductivity, therrnoelectric e{fects in serni-conductors, p-n junctions,
rectifictions, Schottlcy barrier, Gunn eff ect oscillators, fermi surfaces of metals, reduced and periodic zone schemes, construction
of Fermi surfaces, electron orbits, hole orbits and open orbrts.
5 Superconductivity (Kittel Chapter 12, pp 357-374)
Destruction of superconductivity by nragnetic fields, Meissner
effect, heat capacity, energy gap, microwave and infrared properties, icctope effect, thermodynamics of the super conducting
transition and London equatron.
6 Magnetic properties of solids (Kittle Chapter 14pp.438-452,
Chapter 15, pp 459 493)
Ouantum Theory of paramagnnetism- cooling by adiabatic
demagnetizati n of a paramagnetic salt, nuclear demagnetiza' tion, paramagnetic susceptibility of conduction electrons,'ferromagnetic order, magqons, neutron magnetic scattering and
ferromagnetic domei i ns.
i:
7
8
Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics (Kittel Chapter 13 pp 401-4231.
Macroscopic electric field, Lorentz local f ield. dielectric constant
and polarizability, ferroelectric crystals, polorization catestrophe,
Landau theory of the phase transition, soft optical phonons
antiferroelectricity and ferroelectric domains.
Structural defects and alloys (Kittel Chapter
and Chapter 18, pp 565-587)
17 pp.538-561
Lattice vacancies, diffusion, colour centers, alloys, rnagnetic
alloys and the Kondo effect, order-disorder transformation,
elementary theory of order, shear strength of single crystals,
dislocations, strength of allcys, dislocaiions and crystal growth.
Paper
Text
Vlll
Nuclear Physics
1 H. Enge, lntroduction
Wesley.
Books:
2
3
4
to Nuclear Physics, Addison
J. Ouseph, lntroduction to Nuclear Radiation
Detectors, Plenum Press.
E. Kowalski, Nuclear Electronics, Springer-Verlag
R. L. Chase, Nuclear Pulse Spectronterty, McGrawHitl.
P.
1
lntroductory facts about nuclei (Enge chapter 1 ft Chapter 1 &
Chapter 3 sec 6)
Nuclear constituents, mass, radius, angular momentum, parity,
magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments, nuctear mass
formula and nuclear stability.
2
Nucleon-Nucleon interaction and nuclear two-body problem
t chapter 6 sec 7)
Deuter
eon, spin dependance,
and
is6spin linguage,
ergy
ata, effective
(Enge chapters 2 & 3
ranges
ths,
force.
ry
of
nuclear
3
;fltJI
I
4
N.uclear 9.""uy (Enge chapter
chapter 1 1)
Experimental decay law, half-life
tions.
7 secs. 1-4,
chapter
9
&
and mean life, units of radio-
ial decays, qualitative aspects of multipole
r
gamma decay, internal conversion, energy
r a qeta decay, Fermi-Kurie Plot, parity
helicity.
vioti-
l3
5
6
7
8
9
Elementary aspects of nuclear reactions (Enge chapter 13 secs.
1-2
t
4-8).
Reaction Rinematics, O values and thresholds, neutron spectroscopy, general features of nuclear reaction theories, compound
nuclear formation and breakup and resonance scattering and
reaction.
Frssion and other sources and nuclear energy (Enge Chapter 14)
The fission process, neutrons released in fission process, cross
sections, fission reactor operating with natural uranium as fuel,
fusion and prospects of controlled fusion energy:
Particle physics phenomenology (Enge, chapter 15)
Classification of particles into baryons, mesons and leptons
stlangeness quantum number, hyper charge and qualitative
aspects of SU (3) classification and general features of strong,
weak and electromagnetic interactions.
Nuclear detectors (Ouseph chapter 3 sec 1, sec.6, chapter4
secs 1-6 I 11, chapter 5 secs 1-5 & Enge chapter 7 sec.9)
General features of gas counters, proportional counter, BF3
counter, general features of scintillation counters, Nal (Tl) and
other organic scintillators, photomultiplier tube, pulse shape,
height and energy and energy resolution and solid state
detectors.
Nuclear electronics (general features) (Kowalski chapter 3 pp
75-84, Chasechapter3secs 1t2and chase chaptersec 1).
The linear amplifier, pulse discriminator and single channel
analyser and coincidence circuits.
Paper lX. A Special papet: Elsctronics
Text Book: 1 Millman, JM A Halkias CC, lntegrated Electronics,
Mc Graw Hill
2 Ryder, J. D. Electronic Fundamentals and Applications.
1 Transistor biasing and thermal stabil;zation ( ,{illman Chapter 9)
Operating point-bias stability, Self-bias, stabilization against
variations in lse, Vsg , and p, bias compensation, thermister and
sensitor compensation, and thermal stability.
2 Transistor amplifiers at high frequencies (Millman Chapter 11 I
Chapter 12).
Hybrid T-model, variation of hybrid (h) Parameters, single
stage I transistor amplifier response, emitter follower at high
frequencies, frequency response and step response of an amplifier, R-C coupled amplier, high frequency response of multistage
cascaded CE transistor stages, distortion in amplifiers and noise.
3 Feedback amplifiers and oscillators (Millman Chapter 13 I
Chapter 14).
Voltage and current feedback circuits, frequency characteristics,
sinusoidal oscillators, resonant circuit oscillators and Wain
bridge oscillaior.
t4
P,ower circuit systems (Millman Chafier 18).
Class A large signal amplifrers, second harmonic distortion,
highel order harmonic generation, transformer-coupled audio
power amplif ier, Push pull amplifiers, regulated power supplies,
series voltage regulator and monolithic regulators.
lntegrated circuits as analog system building blocks (Millman
Chapter 16;.
Differential dc amplifier, stable ac coupled ampl rrier, analog
integration and differentiation, electronic analog c(Jmputation,
active f ilters, delay equalizer, lC tuned amplifier, video amplifier,
comparators, precision ac/dc converters, logrithmic amplifiers
and wave form generation.
6 lntegrated circuits as digital system building block. (Millmn
Chapter 17).
Binary adders, arithmatic functions, decader/demultiplexer, data
selector/multiplexer ROM, flip-flops, shift registers, ripple and
synchronous counters, dynamic M OS circuits, MOS chief
registers, RAM, digital-to analog converters, analog-to-digital,
con\/erter and character gener€tors.
7 Micro wave Devices and the Laser (Ryder Chapter 23)
Velocity modulation of an electron beam, klystron, Magnetron
and travelling wave tube. and Gunn oscillator.
8 A. M. and F. M. modulation (Ryder Chapter 16)
Fundamentals of modulation, frequency and power spectra in
amplitude modulation, amplitude modulation principles, modulated class C amplifier, modulation efficiency, balanced modulator, SSB system, frequency spectrum in frequency modulation,
F. M. generation by reactance tube and compdrison of A. M.
and F. M.
9 AM AND FM dernodulation : (Ryder, Chapter ,l37).
Linear and square law detection, automatic gain control, amplitude limiter, frequency descriminator, frequency conversion,
A. M. and F. M. receiving systems and superhet receiver
(Btock diagram only).
Paper lX B Special Paper : Solid State Physics
Text Book: 1 A. O. E. Animalu, lntermediate Ouantum Theory of
Crystalline Solids, Prentice Hall of lndia.
2 Kittel, lntroduction to Solid State physics, Wiley
Eastern (sth edition).
4
1
Lattice Vibrations and Thermal properties (Animalu Chapter 4)
Lattice specific heat, theoretical estimates of Einstein and
Debye temperatures, wave mechanics of phonons, creation and
ennihilation operators, elastic waves and lattice vibrations in
one-dimensional crystals, long-range forces arrd the rcciprocal
lattice vibrations of a diatomic linear chains, dispersion ,rslation
a
l)
three-dimensic nal crystals, Born-von Karman boundary
tonOitions and density of states, experimental observation of
ptonCn frequencies and thermal conductivity of insulators.
for
3
Electronic Properties of Sclids (Animaly cha-pter 6' secs 1 -5)
Electronic heat capacity, the phbnomenon. of electronic conduction. the Boltzmann equation, the DC conductivity and tern;oerature dependence of electr"ical resistivity'
ence oscillations'
5
Optical properties
of solids (Kittel chapter
10 pp 287-315 A
chapter 11 pp 323 343).
Ol.ie"tri" function of the electron gas, plasomons, eiectrostatic
polaritons and the LST relation' electron-electron
Fermi liquid, electron-phonon interaction and
and
i,it"ractiSn
;";;;i;g.
polarons, optical reflectance and excitons
6semiconductorPhysicsanclsemiconductordevices(Animalu
I6
9
Elementary excitations of the erectron gas in a sorid (Animatu
chapter 1 2)
Landau theory of Fermi riquids. second quantization and the
equa ion of motion method. quasr_particles and ,pi; ;;*..
Paper
lX C: Special
Texts:
e B.p. Nigam, Nuctear physics, John-Wiley.
.1 iP. I loy
-iirit"us,
2
A. preston and R. K. Bhaduri, Siructure-'oi
Addison-weslev.
3 J' R' Lamarah, rntroduction to Nucrear Reactor Theory,
Paper
- Nuclear physics
Addison-ltr/esley.
1
Nuclear Shelt Model (Roy chapter 7 secs 1_13)
Basic ideas of singre parricre moder, totat spihs J for
(l)3 configurarions, L-S and
j-j
coupting
interactions anC configuration mixing.
J"tirr"r,
(i)z
and
diiecfive
M,athemailcal Appondix (preston, Appendix A_1 e A.2)
Theory of angurar momentum coupiing, nuu.n coefie-c,ts,
LS-jj
transformation coeffts, sphericar' tenlors ana- wig-n;lE"k.rt
theorem.
2
3
4
5
Coilective modes (preston chaoter 9)
collective modes of motion,'evidence for collective motion,
rotational moder for even-e en nucrei, *"* fl;;iions anu
enerqies; cellective moders for odd-mass nucrei,itiong-ina
weat
coupling and the Nilson mode'
Marhe.matical Appendix (preston Appendix A_2)
Rotation matrices
Correlations in Nuclei (presto
I
sec. 8)
Exclusion principle. shcrt-ra
Bethe. Goldstone theory, res
lations and the BCS theory.
Hartee- Fock approximation,
parameters (cranking formula).
Electromagnetic properties of. nuc.lei (Roy chapter g)
The mr-rltipore expansion of tha erectiomagneiic ra<iiation fierd
o electric and magnetic multiooles,
ities (Weiskopf and Moskowski estiand electric quadrupole moments of
M 1 transition probablities, angular
distribution-in gamnr.a decay, gamma-gamma angurar corieiition
and internal conversion.
Bete de.cay (Rov chapter 13)
lnteraction.operators, transiiion probability, nuclear matrix elements for allo,n'ed decays, lepton factor tiaces ror unpolarised
electrons and neutrinos, porarization of etectrons-ana n-"iiiinor,
decay from porarized nuciei, repton consevation ino cv'ci'tiorv.
,tl
6
7
Nuclear Reactions (Roy chapter 6 secs 1-2 & 4-T
secs 1-4)
Reactor Physics
1
(Lamarsh chapter 4,
chaptr
e chapter
10,
S & chapter 6)
measurement of age.
8
Reactor Physics
ll
(Lamersh chapter 9)
bare thermal reactors, criticality
f
of an lnfireactor. one region finite thermal reactor,
n for different geometrics and optimum reac-
Practical I : Basic Electronics (E)
(for
student.group
-the.
Optional
Subject;
to be offered
Electronics under paper lXi
At least 15 experiments are to be done
1 Characteristics of a triode
2
pentode (Solid State)
-do3 Rectification circuits (Solid State) (Half wave,
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
full
wave and
brrdge circuits)
VR tube characteristic and DC supply regulation
Static characteristics of a diode and a Zener diode
Characteristics of a transistor: Determination of parameters
Ripple filtering of a bridge type power pack (T and a)
Voltage regulation by a Zener
Voltase multiplier circuit
Clipping and clamping by diode
Cathode and emitter follower circuits
Biasing technique for transistor amplifier
Phase-inverted push-pull amplifier
Negative feed-back amplifer
Haftley Oscillator
JFET Characteristics
Familiarisation of Operational Amplifier
a; Buffer b) lnverting c)
modes or operation
Non inverting
snd d)
Differential
il$
.18, VTvM-eonstruction.
Practical l: Basic Electronics
(S-fU1
(for the student group to be offered solid state Physics or. Nuclear
Physics under Paper lX: Optional Subject)
At-lea* 15-experiments 8Ie to be done
I Characteristics of a triode
2 Rectification circuits (Half wave, full wave and bridge)
3 Static characteristics of a diode and Zener diode
4 ' Characteristics of a transistor-h parameters
5 Ripple filtering of a bride type rectifier circuit (T and z)
6 Voltage regulation by a Zener
7 Voltage multiplier circuit
I Clipping and Clamping by diode
9 : Cathode and Emittet follower circuits
10 Negative feed back amplifier
11 Two stage RC coupled amplifier
12 Hartley oscillator
13 JFET characteristics
14 Familiarisation of Opprational Amplifier
a) Bufier b) lnverting c) Non inverting d) Differential mode
of operation.
15 Multivibrators (Monostable and Bistable)
16 Two-stage D.C. amplifier
17 Time Base circuit (Miller lntegrator)
18 Crystal Oscillator
19 Differential Amplif ier
20 Pulse circuits with Operational Amplifier
a) Square wave b) Monostable and c) Triangular wave
21
Simple logic gates
a) Diode gate b) DTL gate
22 Digital lC Pulse circuits
a) Astable b) Monostable c) SchmittTrigger
23 Pulse discriminator circuit
24 Binary Scalar
25 Mixer circuit
Practical lr: General Physics
at least 15 experiments are to be done
1 Y and o by Koenig's method
2 q and o by elliptical fringes
3 Viscosity by Scarle's viscometer
4 Viscosity by oscillating disc
5 Mode constants of a vibrating strip
6 Ultrasonic diffraction of light
7 Constants of a thermocouple and'inversion tcmperature
8 Therrnal conductivity of a liquid and air by Loe's Di$omqthod
9 Stcfan'e constant
le
10 Dlelectric constent by Lecher.wirm,(with REorcillrtot-to"bc
constructed)
11 Measurement of self and mutual inductances*Anderson's AC
bridge
12 Single phase transformer:, illeaeurement of L, R, Z of -the
primary, determination of the efficiency, open and short circuit
regulation and load testing
13 Microwaves: Standing wave .ratios,r guidE: 66{' f1e9:r space
wavelengths
14. Study of magmetic hysterisis by BH curve
15 Susceptability by Ouincke's.and Gouy's mathods
16 Constructlon and standardisation of a search coil
17 Fraunhaufer lines and Cauchy's constants
18 Michelson's interferometer
19 Fabry-Perot interferometer
20 Studies of Polarisation of light
i) Faraday effect
ii) Depolarisation by Rayleigh scattering
Practical lll Highcr Electronics
(for the student group to be offered Electre nics under
Prper lX: Optional Subjects).
Atleast 15 experiments aie to be done
1 D.
tion : (Series and parallel)
2 R.
stage amplifier (Load line.,,ana{sis and
tre
3Sc
4 Colpit Oscillator
5 Multivibrators (Monostable and Bistable)
6 Two-stage D. C. amplifier
7 Time Base Circuit (Miller lntegrator)
8 Mixer Circuit
9 Amplitude modulator and demodulator
10 Crystal Oscillator
11 Differential Amplifier
12 lF amplificr
13 UJT (Uniiunction , Transistor) characteristics and relaxation
Oscillator.
11 Pulse circuits with Operational Amplifier
Square wave b) Monostable and c) Triangular wave
1q a)
15
Voltage Regulation by Operational Amplifier
16 Simple logic gates
a) Diode gate and b) DTL gate
17 Digital lC pulse circuits
q) Astable b) Monostable c) Schmitt Trigger
18 Binary scaler
19 Solid State lntercom system
20 Tunnel diode Pulse Discriminator
:
:
2U
lU Modern Physica
Atleast 15 experiments are to bo done
1
Laue Pattern for X-rays
2 Thermionic work function using a diode
3 Planck's constent by photocell
4 Thomson's e/m experiment
5 Millikan's oil drop experiment
6 Zeeman effect
7 Raman effect
8 Compton effect
I Spectroscopic arralysis by carbon arc
10 Absorption spectrum of KMnoa and 12
11
X-ray diffraction by Powder method
12 Solid State fluxmeter
13 Hall effect
14 GM counter plateau and statistics of counting
15 Thermal neutron absorption
16 Absorption coefficient for f rays
17 Scinti I lation detector
18 Back scattering coefficient for beta rays
19 Zener voltage characteristics at low and ampient temperatutes
20 Directional Distribution of Cosmic rays
21
Lecher wires
22 CRO-Lissajou's figures and BH curvo
23 Determinatlon of Band gap enercys Ge and Si using diodes
24 Rydbug's constant by lodine spectrum
25 Arc spectrum of rnetals
Pndical
-ooo-
t
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