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I'k:::
I
iJrulvFRSlTY OF CAL!cUT
{Ahstract)
.Fny'si cs r. S e-.rnester _
I I-mpiem entation
adnr;ssion on-oards app.,rc.r.ed ,_.i.l"r: issued.
M.
S
c.
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.
GA tTi i rg2DAAAiY
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:
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l.
-i
oi.
of Syiiabtrs,
Scheme
&
re_zuiation
GENE,RAL AI{D ACADEMIC BTTANCH .
-
with eilect irom 200:
I
Dareci, Caiicui Uruversiqv. p.O., 23. 0d.2003.
oi!1arA of S.f.rdicsrnphysics (IG) hctd on 2r_01-2,.)u3.
I'k::: oimee-.tinE
limcclrne
Mimrtes
or FiScienc. ir.i.i on ii,r:i_t-20(_,j
)
Jtcm lJc.
J.
-_-_-a_---
II (A) of thc minu cs of Acadcmic counc.J hctd on 27-0_r-2003.
ORDER.
The meeting of lloard of Studies in ph;,.s;cs
flO,) held on 27_O1_2003, recemmenrled &
T
I
Ellglbrliti' fcr ad,mission ls clla::goc Ltan*id
(main) in rhe ts.Sc. degree .*** Ji:iris Univ
as a comDulsory subsidigry paper are
ss
,;;
eiigible
m
wi
cs
cs
to
the papers
,J pHy 202
;:r,-,glznnurg ,.ri I
wiii be eieciiunics aricipHy 202wriiire il-*ii
.tt was ciecicieti
)
oi'coiiduct
:{_16 to
.le_ci{eii to cclrtinii!_'11: .:Vstqr,
;t-t5 i-rgether and PIIY i 0o and F,Hy
!1'gi1s
iIiY
ical u<arr:inations ot piiy i05
flre end oi second semesfer.
ar,r.i
Ii:ere shaii bt a viva voce Examination at tire enri oi-i
anci Ii semesrers These wiii be oi
-5r-r
Tvo .*TrlTt apic'rntcd hi,' thc chajrman- Board cf cxamincrs shall
conduct
-J:e i
iva vcce exain. The iaboraiory.ccservatio
bi_
i.,: charge
shaii 'ne'prociuced at the rime .-rf viva voce
*ign ti.,e
reccirCs after verifving that the "i.,
en
Guestrons
esked by rna exai.i:cnels sjuji be
ond pracricai.
mark-s cach'
5'
S,
*?rfitt*
Ir.
Tlie
!il
lJ-t.
'i'he
lv.
v'
si'lisb';s'Ie i and II senesier xere reicrm,rered ecccrdi::g tc
the s.;gesi.iom
Fisc' ai i'* meetiiig iield on i c-03-20f;3
Acade
Struiies as
aqproved 'r.lie miiiutes
on
the F/Sc. airJaiso the
at i.s meeiing heid
approved
.uhe
minutes oi jjoar,J
/S;.
Sanction iras
, paralg{os I
oiBou.6 oi Siqrlies.
it#ffi*f
oiBoarci oisnteiies mentir:neci in
Qrders are issued accordingly. ReYised reoutation
v' gerrvrrr!
scheme'dhd
- -i- --.---v'r of
arq syllpbus
o-] r'duur ui
of i.lv{.sc. phvsics
fcr i & Ii is enclosea rere wliil
Sd,Depuiy' Registrar (L:&A D
fOrKH(rttitKAR
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Forw.arcieciijjy Order
SE(liioi\i OFFICER
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APPI'NDIX
Scheme of Papers
I Semester
Paper No"
Title of Paper
Marks
Internal
External
I
PHY
l0l
PHY I 02
PHY
103
Mathernatical Physics I
80
Quantum Mechanics I
80
20
100
Classical Mechanics
80
20
100
PHY I04
PHY
105
PHY
106
Total
100
r00
80
lPractical I
- General Physics
Practical II - Electronics I
l5
I
r5
Viva Voce
50
50
Total
480
II Semester
Paper No.
i External
Title of Paper
i Marks I
Total
Internal
Mathematical Physics
II
Nurnerical Techniques &
100
Co nr puter Programm in_e
100
PHY 203
Statistical & Thennal Physics
r00
PHY 204
Electrodynamics & Plasrna Physics
PHY
Practical II
t20
Practical
120
PHY 20I
PtlY 202
20.5
PII\',206
- General Physics II
IV - Electronics II
iViva Voce
Total
100
I
l50iiso
135
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
REGULATIONS, SCHENIE AND SYLLAI}US FOR THE N,I.SC. PHYSICS
SEMESTER COURSE
(EFFECTM FROM
1. Duration
2003 ADMTSSTONS ONWARDS)
of the course shall be2 yers, split into 4 semesters; each semester
to have a minimum of 80 working days, with a minimum 5 hours of
instruction per day i.e; a total of 400 working hours per semester. The
semester examinations
will be held over 10 working days after completing
80 working days of instruction.
2. Eligibility
of
admission
: Candidates who have secured 507o marks in
Physics (Main) in the B.Sc. Degree Examination of this University or an
equivalent examination
of any other University with Mathematics as a
necessa-ry subsidiary paper, are eligible to apply
for admission.
3. There shall be a minimum of 70 hours of instruction per theory paper and a
mtnimum of 60 hours of laboratory work for each practical in any semester,
i.e; a minimum
of
4 contact hours per paper per week. Each student shall
give a seminar talk in each Semester. A master list of seminar topics will be
prepared, out of which each student shall be allowed to choose one.
At least five problem assignments should be given per paper in a semester.
These aiso have to be valued and appropriate weightage should be provided
in the internal marks.
{
Schenre of Exanrinations:
l.
Thcrc shall bc one cxtcrnal writtcn cxarnination o[ 3 hours duration lbr each thcory
papcr at lhc end of cach semestcr, to bc conducted altcr cornplctiolt of 80 working
days
Each writtcn exalrlnatiou carrrcs a n,aximurn of 8() marks and
will
hours duraLron. The clucstion papcr shall consist ol'thrce secLions : Section
be ol"three
A
consisrs
o1'short paragraph altswcrs, 5 to bc ar.swcrcd out o1'8, each carrying 4 marks. Section
B will cottsist essay type questions, to bc answered in two or three pages. There will
bc tn'o clucstions. each with a closcd choice (-uiven with OR) and
rvill carry 20 marks
cach. Thc sectlon C is devoted to pn,blems, 2 to bc done out ol 4, carrying l0 niarks
each The problenis shall not
be merc reproduction of worked out examples from texr
books nor shall thcy be.yust substitul.irrn typc problerns.
2. Thcrc sltall be intcrnal
assessnrcrlL
to lhe extcnd ol'20 marks per paper inclLrdin-e
practicul. pcr scntcstcr. Thcsc rnark.s shall be awardcd based on tests, assignlncllts,
scnlnur'
;.rnd
viva
a.s I'ollou,.s:
Attcndancc
4 marks
Wrrtten Tesm (best 2 out of 3)
6 marks
"
:
Assrgnmcnts
Scnrinars
5 marks
5 marks
Thc attsrver papers al'tcr valuation shall bc madc available [o the studenls for their perusal
and thcn kcpt in the Departrnent l'or laler inspcction
if
the need arises.
For PracLtcal. there necd not be any I'air rccords. Only the laboratory observation record
will
be suffictent. This
will
evaluated intcrnally. There shall be l5 rnarks to be awarded
based on the overall perl'ormance
of the studcnt in the laboratory including the lab
obscrvatron rccord. The split-up of thc marks
i.s as
Iirllows
Tcsts
4 marks
Obscn'atron Record
4 marks
Regularity in attendance
3 marks
Viva
4 marks
:
Thc lab obscrvatiou rccord is to be prcscntcd bcl'ore the external examiners at the time of
thc cxtcnral practical examinations, to bc cudorscd by the examincrs.
In ordcr to dcal with problems/complaints regarding the internal assessment, a grievancc
rcdrcssal cornmittee shall bc lbnncd
at thc rcspcctive ccnLrcs. In thc
University
Dcpartutcnt ol' Physics, this committce shall consist ol' the Head of
fic
Department ancl
two tcachcrs, othcr than thc tcacher who valucd thc papcr.
Li the colleges, the committee shall consist of the Principal and two teachers who are
elected members of the College Council, othcr than the valuer. The internal marks will
bc publishcd in the respcctive departments. Thc studcnts should lodge their cornplatnts
in rvriting to the redressal committee within 15 drys of publication ol the marks.
The Internal marks should be sent to the Controller o[ Exarninations before the start of
the semcster cxaminations. The marks shall be made available to the Board of Examiners
trl the time ol'the Pass Board Meeting.
Proper records of the internal evaluation like the answer scripts, mark lists etc. should be
kcpt in the centres for later verillcation if nceded.
J.
Although there are 2 Practical to be carried out in each semester, practical examinations
wrll be conducted only at the end of the 2"d and 4'h Semesters. PI and PIII will
cottductcd as one Dractrcal examination at the end of
2nd
semester:
PII and PIV also
be
as one
practical at lhc cnd ol'the 2"d scmcstcr. PV and PVII as one cxamination at the end of
4'h
Scntcstcr. PVI and PVIII as one examinatiult at the end ol'the 4'h Semcster. There shall
bc onc cxtcrnal cxamincr and one internal cxaminer to conduct the examination. The
laboratorv obscn'ation rccords
will
be prescntcd to them and
will
be endorsed by them.
al'ter e nsuring that the rcquired minirnurn numbcr ol'cxpcrirnents have been carried out.
The practical examination shall be of six hours duration.
The minimum marks required for a pass is 40Vo for external examination for each paper,
including practicals, and viva voce; There shall be no separate minimum for internal
marks. The grading of the students will be as l'ollows.
IIIrd
40%
<50%
5t)%
<60% of aggregate
-
class
IInd class
60% anJ above
Ist class
Above 807c
Distinction
Failed candidates can rcappear
cxamlnatlon.
I'or thc
l'ailed papcrs only at subsequent rcgulur
ta
/A
PHY IOI
I
- NIATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
Vector-analysis: Definitions, Rotation of Co-ordinates, Orthoggrral
curvililtear co-ordinates , Gririlicrrt, divergence and curl in orthogonal
curvilinear co-ordinates. Rectangular, cylindrical and spherical polar
co .ordinates, the Laplacian operator', Laplace"s equation, Ijelmholtz
equatton as examples.
(10 Hours)
:
of
determinants in solving
homogeneous and inhomogeneous linear equations , Basic Propertiei
of matrices, Matrix multiplication, Inner product, Direct product,
Trace. Inverse, Transpose, orthogonal matrices, Hermitian and
unitary matrices , Diagonalization of matrices
(10 Hours)
2. Determinants and matrices
Use
3. Second order differential equations: Partial differential equation of
Physics, Separation of Variables, Ordinary series solution, Frobenius
method, A second solution, self-adjoint differential equation,
Hermitian operators, Schmidt orthogonalization, Completeness of
functions.
(10 Hours)
4. Special functions: Gamma & Beta function, Delta function,
Bessel
and second kinds, Generating
functions, Bessel function of the first
function, Recurrence relation, orthogonality, Neumann function,
Legendre polynominals, Generating function, Recurrence relation,
Rodrigues formula, Orthogonality, Associated Legendre
Polynomials, Spherical harmonics, Hermite and Laguerre
Polynomials.
(20 Hours)
5. Fourier series: General Properties, Change of interval, Gibbs
phenomenon, Fourier integral, Fourier transform, Inverse
transforms, Transform
of
the derivatives, Convolution theorem
(10 hours)
Text Books
:
t. G.B.Arfken & H.J.Weber : Mathematical Methods for Physicists
(Fifth Edition 2001) (Academic Press).
2. J. Mathews & R. Walker : Mathematical Methods for Physics:
(Benjamin.)
J. L.I.Pipes & L.R.Harvill : Applied Mathematics for Engineers and
Physicists (3" Edition) (Mc-Graw Hill )
PH IO2: QUANTUM MECHANICS I
i
Thc lorrnuiation of Quantum
Mechanics.
(10 tlours)
Vcctor spaces. Representation of Vectors and operators, the Hillbert space, Coordinate
atrd mttmctltum rcpresentations, The fundamcntal postnlates, The uncertainty principle.
2. Quanturn dynamics
(10 Hours)
Thc eclLration ol' motion, Schrodinger, Hcisenbcrg and Interaction pictures of time
,lcvelttpmeltt. the linear harmonic oscillator in the 'Sctnodinger and Heisenberg pictures.
3
Thcory of angular
momenrlun
(12 Hours)
Angular momentum operators, Matrix representation of angular momentum
operator.s,
PaLrli Spin nratriccs, Orbital angular momentum, the hydrogen atom, addition
of angular
morrcnta. Clcbsch
4. Symmctry
-
Cordon coelllcients, simple cxamplcs.
atrd Conservation
laws.
(16 Hours)
Spacc-ttnie syurmetries, Space translation aud conservation of linear momentum. Tirne
translation and conservation
of
energym, space rotation and conservation
of
angular
momentllm, Space inversion and tirne-reversal, Identical particles, Construction of
symmetric and anti symmetric wave functions, Slater determinant, Pauli enclusion
principlc, Bosons and Ferrnions, spin wave functions for two electrons, The ground state
ol' He-atom, ScaLering of identical particles.
5 Scattering
(12 Hours)
Scattering cross-section and scattering amplitude, Low-energy scattering by a central
potcntial, The method of partial waves, phase shifts, optical theorem, convergence ol'
partial wave series, scattering by a rigid spherc, scattering by a sqllare well potential, High
cncrgy scattering, scattcring integral equation and Born approximation. (8 Hours)
Rel'erence Books:
L
Nouredine
Zettlli- Quantum Mechanics -
John Wiley 2002
2. Powell and Crasemann - Quantum Mechanics
3. Stephen Gasiorowicz - Quantum Physics
4. L.l. Schilf - Quantum Mechanics - McGraw Hill
5. P.M. Muthews and K. Venkatesan - A Text Book of Quantum Mechanics
Hill.
6. A Messiah - Quantum Mechanics
7. V.K. Thankuppan - Quantum Mechanic.s, Wilcy Eastern
-
Tata McGraw
I'H I03. CLASSICAL N{ECHANICS
L
Lagrangran formulailon and the Keplcr problern.
(10 Hours)
Gelle-ralizcd Co-ordinal.es, Harnilton's i'rinciple, Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's
principlc. Vclocity dcpcndcnt potcntialt,, Syrnmctry and conservation laws, the Kcplcr
prohlcnt. Scattcring in a ccntral lorcc I'icl,J.
I
Harniltonian l'ormulation and canonical translrlrniatior-rs (6 Hours)
Lcgcndrc trattsol'nnations, Harnilton's canonical eqllations, Canonical transformations,
Excamples ol canonical transformations.
-3.
Thc Classical background of quanturn mechanics
(14 Hours)
Irtl'initcsinral canonical transl'ormations, Poisson Brackets and equation ol' tnotiou in
Poissou BrackcL l'orm, Angulur momcntLrn Poisson Brackcts, Hamilton-Jacobi equaLion,
Haniilton's Principal and characteristic Iunction, H-J equation lor the linear harmonic
oscrllator. Action-angle variable, H-J lr,rrnulation ol'the Kepler problem, H-J equation
anci thc Schrodinger equatlon.
4. The Kincmatics
and dynamics of rigid bodies
(10 Hours)
Spacc I'ixcd and body lixed systerns ol'coordinates, Description of rigid body motion in
Lcrms
ol'dircction cosiucs aud Euler angles, Int'initesirnal rotaLion, Rate of changc ol'a
vcct()r. Ccntril-u-sal and Coriolis lorces. It{oment of intertia tensor. ELrlers equation
o1'
m()tlon, Forcc-free motion of a rigid body.
(8 hours)
,5. Srnall oscrllations:
Formulation
ol the problem,
orthogonality
- Principal axis transfbrmation - Frequencies of free vibrations - Normal
- Free vibrations of a linear tri atomic molecule, fbrced vibration and the
co-ordinates
Eigen value equation, eigen vectors and eigen values
-
el'l'ect ol' dissipative forces.
Reference books:
l.
H. Coldstcin
-
classical Mechanics
-
Addison & Wesley
2. N.C. Ratra and P.s. Joag - Classical Mechanics, Tata McGraw Hill
-1.
V.B. Bhatia
-
Classical Mechanics
J. R.C. Tukrvalc and P.S. Puranil
Hili.
-
-
Narosa Publications (1997)
Introduction to classical Mechanics
-
Tata McGraw
PHY IO4 ELE,CTRONICS
I
(7 Hours)
Frcld EII'cct Transistor
Brasrng
ol FET, Small signal model, Analysis of Common
Source and Common drain
ampltl'ier, High tiequency response, FET as VVR and its application, CMOS logic and
logic packagcs.
2. Microwavc
(8 Hours)
and Photonic Devices
Tuttncl drode. Transl'er elcctron devices (Gunn diode), Avalanche transit time devices and
pdramctnc dcvrces, I-DR, Diode photodetectors, Solar cell (Short circr.rit current,
fill
lactor) LED (high lrequency lirnit, ef-lect o1'surface and internal recombination, Operation
ol'LED), Diodc laser (condition for population inversion, optical gain, Threshold current
l'or lasing. Fabry Perot cavity).
3. Other Elcctronic
Deviccs
(10 Hours)
Electro-optic, Magneto-optic and Acousto-optic efl-ects, Material properties to get thesc
cffccts, Important materials for these devices, Electrostrictive, piezoelectric
and
Magnetostrictive effects and Materials exhibiting these properties, Acoustic delay lines,
Piczoclcctric resonators and
Flters, High liequency piezoelectric devices ,
Surlace
acoustic wave deviccs.
4. Operational Amplificr
(10 Hours)
Basic operaLional amplifier characteristrcs, OPAMP dif fcrcntial arnplilicr, Emitter
coupled dill'erentral amplifier OPAI\,{P paramcters. Measurement of OPAMP
parametcrs. Frcquency rcsponse, Dominant pole, Pole zcro and Lcad cornpensatlon
5. OPAMP Application
(18 Hours)
OPAMP as itrverter, scale changer, surllmer, V to I convertcr and I to V convertcr, Analog
intcgration and dill'erentiation, Elcctronic analog compuLation, Active low pass, High
pass ButtcrworLh
lllters, Band
pass
lllter, Activc rcsonallt band pass I'ilter, OPAMP
based
astablc and rnonostable rnultivibrarors, Schmitt trigger.
6. Digital Electronics
(20 Hours)
Minimization of l'unctions using Karnaugh map, Reprcsentation using logic gates. JK and
I\'{SJK
Ilip 11ops,
Synchronous and asynchronous collnters, MOD 3,5,10,16 counters,
Cascadc countcrs. Static and dynlmic Randoni Access Memory, CMOS, Non-volatile
NNIOS. IMa-unctic, optical and I'erroclectric mernories, Charge coupled
devices.
Nlicroproccssor architecLlrre, Organization o1'a gencral micro colrrputer, CPU architecture
ol'8 bit proccssor such
as
INTEL 8085.
Ileference tsooks
i.
Hand book ol' Electronics
2.
Scrni corldLrctor Devices
3.
4.
IntroducLiorr to Semi-conductor Deviccs
-
-
Gupta and Kumar
Physics and Technology
-
-
S.M. Sze (Wiley, 1985)
M.S. Tyagi (John Wiley & Sons)
McasLrrcrncllt, Instrumentation and Experimental Design in Physics and
Enginecring
-
M. Sayer & A. Mansingh (Prentice Hall, India 2000).
5. Optical Electronics -Ajoy Ghatak & K. Thyagarajan (Cambridge University
Press)
6. OPAMPS
7.
and Linear Integratcd Circuits
-
Ramakant A. Gaekwad
Digital Principles and Application - Malvino tnd Leach (Tata-McGraw Hill,
1978, 2''r Ed.)
ti.
Fundamcntals ol'Microprocessors and Nlicrocomputcrs
(Dhanapathi Rai
9
&
Sons)
Intcgrated Electronics
-
Millman & Halkias.
-
B. Ram.
J
a
a
PHY 2OI : MATHBMATICAL PHYSICS
II
of
Cornplex Valiable : Cauchy-Reimann conditions,
Cauchys integral theorem and integral formula, Laurent Expanslon,
l. Functions
Singularities, Calculus of residues and applications.
(10 Hours)
2. Group theory : Groups, multiplication table, Rearrangement theorem,
Conjugate elements and classes, subgroups, Direct product groups,
Isomorphism and homomorphism, Permutation groups, Distinct
-qroups of given order.
(8 hours)
3. Group representation theory : [Jnitary representations, Schur's lemtnas
and orthogonality theorem, Interpretations, Character of
a
representation, Character table, Examples, lrreducible representations
of Abelian and non-Abelian groups, Connection with quantum
nurnbers. Symmetry group of the Schroedinger equation, Symmetry
and de-{eneracy, Basis functions of irreducible representations, SU(2)
sroup and its representation, SU(3) group , Coulomb symmetries
(15 hours)
4. Calculus of variatiolts : One dependent and one independent variable ,
Applications of the Euler equation, Generalization, Several
independent variables, More than one dependent and more than one
inclependent variables, Lagrangian multipliers , Variations subject to
constraints, Rayleigh Ritz variational technique
(12 hours)
5.
Tensors
:
Definition
of
tensors, Contraction, Direct Products.
Pseudotensors, Metric Tensor.
(5 Hours)
6.
Non linear equations and chaos : Ideas of integrability and non
integrability of differential equations, Chaos in Hamiltonian systems,
differential equations, Chaos in dissipative systems,
Non linear
Logistic map, Sensitivity to initial conditions and parameters,
Period doubling, Critical point and bifurcation, Lyapunov exponents.
Fractals. Non linear oscillations, Pendulum equation and solutions.
(10 hours)
a
Text lJooks
l.
2.
3.
4.
5.
:
G.B" Arfken and H.J. Weber : Mathematical methods for Physicists
(5'h Edition,200I ) (Acaclemic press)
A.W. Joshi : Group theory for Physicists ( Wiley Eastern)
M.Tinkham : Group theory and Quantum Mechanics ( TataMcGraw Hill)
Michael Tabor : Chaos and integrability in non linear clynamics (
John Wiley & sons,1989)
R.c- Hilborn : chaos and non linear clynamics ( oxforcl
University Press,1994)
Reference books
1.
:
N. Kumar : Deterministic Chaos ( University Press Limited 1996)
a
PHY
l.
202
NUNIBITICAL TBCHNIQUBS AND COIVIPUTBR
PROGRAN,IVIING
Po'uver series calculations and functions : Taylor series and
Maclaurin's series - series with a remainder - examples - value of e
(6Hours)
-Chebyshev polynomials
of
transcendental equations :
Solution by iteration
covergence criterion -order of convergence Newton-Raphson
method - Bisection (Half interval) method
(6Hours)
2. Roots
3. lnterpolation and curve fitting : Linear interpolation
polynomials
-
interpolating
Lagrange interpolating polynomial -Difference
calculus - Newton forward and backward difference formulae - least
squares curve fitting (linear and non -linear)
(10 Hours)
4. Nurnerical integration : Trapezoidal
and Sirnpson's methods - Newton
(6 Hours)
quadrature
5. ordinary differential equations : Euler's method - Milne's method Runge-Kutta methods
(6 hours)
Cote's method
-
Gauss
6. Fortran programming fundamentals: Fortran constants and variables rype declarations arithmetic operators - hierarchy arithmetic
expressions logial operators and expressions - arithmetical and
assignment statements - special functions - Input/Output statementsrelational operators - control statements (go to, arithmetic and logical
if) - do loop, repeat while - dimensioned variables - formats subprograms - functions and subroutines - common declaration - file
operations(creating, reading, writing, updating and merging of
sequential files)
(14 hours)
7. c
programming fundamentals : constants and variables - data types
- type declaration of variables - symbolic constants - arithmetic
operators - increment and decrement operators - conditional operator
bitwise operators - hierarchy - arithmetic expressions - logial
operators and expressions - assignment operators - arithmetical and
asslgnment statements - mathematical functions Input/Output
statements - formatted llo - relational operators - decision making
and branching - go to, if, if .. else, switch statement - looping while, do, and for arrays - handling characters and strings
tunctions and voids - structures - pointers (elementary ideas only)
file operations (defining and opening, reading, writing, updating and
closing of files)
(18 hours)
?
Text llooks
l.
2.
3.
S.S. Shastry - Introductory rnetltods of numerical analysis - Prentice
Hall of India (1983)
V. Rajaraman - Computer programming in Fortran 77 - Prentice Hall
of lndia (1999)
E,. Balaguruswamy - Programming in ANSI C - Tata McGraw Hill
(r992)
Reference books
:
1.
2"
Programnting in C
Numerical methods - Software and analysis
3.
4.
V. Rajaraman
-
- McGraw
J.H, Rice Hill (1983)
J.B. Scarborough - Numerical Mathematical Analysis - Oxford
ancl IBH Publishing - 6'n edition
Hildebrand - Numerical Analysis
a
PHY 203. STATISTICAL AND THERMAL PHYSICS
l. Classical Statistical Mechanics
:
The postulate of classical Statistical
Mechanics, Microcanonical ensemble, Derivation of Thermodynamics, Equipartition theorem, Classical ideal gas, Gibbs paradox
(10 hours)
2. Canonical ensemble and Grand canonical ensemble : Canonical
ensemble, Energy Fluctuations in the canonical ensemble, Grand
cnonical ensemble, Density fluctuations in the grand canonical
ensemble, The chemical
potential
3. Quantum Statistical Mechanics
(10 hours)
:
The postulates, Density matrix,
Ensembles in Quantum statistical mechanics, The third law of
thermodynamics, The ideal gases : microcanonical ensemble,
(l0hours)
Foundations of statistical mechanics
4. Approxirnate
expansion,
: Classical cluster expansion, Quantum cluster
Second Virial coefficient, Variational principles
methods
(8 hours)
5. Fermi systems : Equation of state of an ideal Fermi gas, The theory of
r,vhite
Dwarf stars, Landau diamagnetism, The De Haas- Van Alphen
effect, The Quantized Hall effect, Pauli
paramagnetism
(10 hours)
6. Bose systems : Phonons in solids, Bose-Einstein condensation, An
imperfect Bose gas, The superfluid order parameter.
(8 hours)
: Definition of the Ising Model, The one(6 hours)
dimensional Ising model
1. The Ising Model
Text Books
l.
:
Kerson Huang : Statistical Mechanics (second edition, 1987) (John
Wiley & Sons)
2. Patria : Statistical Mechanics (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1996)
D
PH
l'
\' 20 4 DLECTRODYNANII
N{axu'cll'.s cqtlatiolls. Vcctor
&
CS
Scalar potentials, Cauge transformations, poynting,s
[hcorcnr lirr dispcrsivc media and harmonic
2
Ilcltls
(7 Hours)
Planc \\'aVC.s itl t1on-cotrducting medium, Linear and circular polarization,
Reflection and
rcl'racLitltl at a plane interlace betrvecn diclcctrics, Polarization by rellection,
Brewstcr,s
Ittglc. Total intcrttal rcllectron. Dispersion characteristics ol'dielectrics.
plastna. Propa-uation in ionosphere, Magneto hydrodynamic
-3' Propagatiotl
(14 hours)
itt cylindrical cavities and wave guides, Modes in rectangular wavc
Encrgy llow and attenuation, Resonant cavities,
4'
waves.
Con<Juctors ancl
e ol a cavity.
Radiatron Iiom a localized oscillating source, Electric rlipole
lields
gnrcles,
(g hours)
(4 hours)
5- CoYariancc ol'Electrodynamics, Transl'ormation of electromagnetic flelds. Lagrangian I'or
thc
clcctro-ntagnetic
llcld,
Hamiltonian l'ormulation, Conservation laws
clectromagnstic llelds interacting with chargcd particles.
l'or
(10 hours)
6' Radiation liorn moving charges, Lienard Wiechert Potentials, Total power
radiated,
Artgular distribution, Thomson scattering, Bremsstralung, Ra<Iiation emittetl cluring
B
-dccay.
(14 hours)
7. Radration Darnping, Reaction fbrce, Self furce
(4 hours)
TEXT I}OOK:
I.
"Classical Electrodynamics" (Third Edition) J.D. Jackson, (John
2. "Field
and wave Electromagnetics"
-
wilcy
Davicr Cheng, (Addison wesley)
++**>f+1.>F**+*t*
lggg).
List of Experiments for PHY 105 (Practicals I -GENERAL
III -GENERAL PHYSICS II)
should be done, 8 in each of the two
PHYSICS I) and PHY205( Practicals
(At least 16 experiments
Internal evaluation to be done in the respective semesters
and marks to be intinlated to the controller at the end of each
semester itself. Fractical observation book to be submitted to the
exanriners at the time of viva voce in each semester.)
sernesters.
l.
- Interference method (a) elliptical (b) hyperbolic tringes'
To cleterntine Y ancl of the material of the -eit'en specimen b)'
observing the elliptical and hyperbolic fringes formed in an
Y
ancl
o
lntelference set up
2.
3.
Y and o by Koenig's method
4.
Variation of surface tension with ternperature - Jaegar's method'
To determine the surface tension of water at different temperatures
by Jaeger's methocl of observing the air bubble diameter at the
instant of bursting inside water
5.
Mode constants of a vibrating strip.
To determine the first ancl seconcl mode constants of a steel vibrating
strip; Y to be measured by the Cantilever method and frequency of
vibration by the Melde's string method
6.
Stefan's constant
To determine Stefan's constant
.
8.
9.
Constants of a thermo
7
Viscosity of a liquid - Oscillating disc method.
To determine the viscosity of the given liquid by measurements on
the time period of oscillation of the disc in air and in the liquid
-
couole and temperature of inversion.
Thermal conductivity of a liquid and air by Lee's Disc Method.
Stucly of magnetic hysteresis - B-H Curve.
Sample in the form of a toroidal ring; by noting the throw in a B.G.
when the magnetising current is changed from the maximum value
to intermediate values.
10" Dielectric constant by Lecher Wire.
To determine the wavelength of the waves from the given RF
oscillator and the dielectric constant of the given oil by measurement
of a suitable capacitance by using Lecher wire setup'
I
I
N{axwell's L/C bridge.
To cletermine the resistance and inductance
inductor by Maxwell's L/C bridge
of the given unknown
L
a
a
a
List of ex;rcrinrents for pHy 106 (I,racticals II - ELECTRONICS I)
and PHY 206 (Irracticals IV - Electronics II )
(At least 16 experiments should be done; g in each of the tu,o
senlesters. lnternal evaluation to be done in the respective semesters ancl
nrarks to be intimated to the contrcller at the end of each semester itsetf.
Practical observation book to be submittecl to the examiners at the time of
viva voce in each semester.)
l.
MOSFET characteristics and applications
To study the characteristics of a MOSFET and
impedances and frequency response.
to determine IIO
2- UJT characteristics and relaxation oscillator (construct relaxation
oscillator & sharp pulse generator )
3. Characteristics of s Silicon controlled rectifier (Half wave and tull
wave)
4. Voltage regulation using transistors with feedback
characteristics with load
(regulatiorr
for different input voltages and variation of
ripple 7o with load)
5- Single stage RC coupled
Ne-eative feed back amplifier (input.output
resistance, frequency response with & without feedback)
6. Trvo stage RC coupled amplifier ( input and output resitance,and
frequency response including Bode plots)
7.
RC coupled FET amplifier common source
(frequency
response,input &output resistance)
8
Complementary symmetry class
(transformerless)
(l/o
B
push_pull power amplifier
impedances, ettlciency and frequency response)
9. Difterential amplifier using transistors (I/O impedances, frequency
response,CMRR )
lO.Amplitude modulation and detection using transistors (modulation
index & recovery of modulatin_e signal )
I
l.Darlington pair amplitier (gain, frequency response, input &output
resistances )
l2.Wien bridge oscillator using OP AMP (For ditferent
frequencies,
distortion due to feedback resistor, compa-re with design values)
l3.Sar,vtooth generator using transistors ancl
OPAMPS (tor differenr frequencies)
Miller sweep circuit
using
L
a
l4.Use of
lC 741
Determination of input off-set voltage, currenr,
CMRR, slew rate, and use as Inverting ancl non-inverting amplifier
and difference amplitier, summing amplifier and comperator
I5.lC 555 Timer
- Astable and Monostable
and Bistable multi vibrators,
VCO missing pulse detector and Sawtooth generator.
arnplifier (Two stage) (Gain and frequency response, bandwidth)
l7-Binary adders - HA and FA using TTL EX - oR IC & Using
NAND Gates (Verify rrurh tables)
16.1F
I
S.Microprocessors experiments lsimple experiments)
Addition, subtraction, division and multiplication
- 8 bit using 8085
l9.Schrnitt trigger using transistors and OPAMPS - Trace hysteresis
cLlrve . deterrnine LTP and UTp
20.Crystal Oscillator
( For dittbrent frequencies &
evaluation of
fi-equency stability )
2l .Analo-q integration and differentiation using OpAMpS (srudy rhe
lntegrator charactristics& diffi.entiator)
22.Second order Low pass, High pass ancl Band pass filters using
OPAMP.( study the frequency response )
23.Negative resistance oscillator.(tor different frequencies)
24.Bootstrap Amplifier (frequency response, input & output resistance )
25.organtze M tr N random access memory with basic memory unit
(Verity the READ and WRITE operations)
Reference Books
:
l. Paul B. zhar and A.P. Malvino
Manual - JMH publishing (1983)
2. A.P. Malvino - Basic Electronics
Hill ( 1992)
a
J"
-
Basic Electronics
- A Text Book
- A textlab manual -
Tata McGraw
R. Bogart and J. Brown -Experiments for electronic devices and
circuits - Merrill International series (1985)
4. Buchla - Digital Experiments - Merrill International series (1984)
,k++>k,F*)k>k>k
rc-
vt
fd
\
.tl
I
,
UNIVERSITY CIF CALICUT
I
(Abstract)
MSc- lh)Eics (Semester) - Ittpleanattq,tion
mweds - 0irpmved - Otdert issro+
c.ri
:e=;.iid 5.:llr'bus
- ivii!
effcct liom 2003 nrtmisr..rm
I
I
GENEnAL ArUf ACeOTDtrC BRANCH-r'J ffiCTTON
Nq Grd
A JU392/2O00Nol.
R€ed :l
fi,
Dated, Calicut Univerrity. P.O.,
Mitrutes of ingetiog
27-tt-03.
llhutei
2
ofBgrd of Studies in Physicr, (Pc) held m O5-ll:2003
4
jll(/-.
atrd
I
of meeting oftr.aCIrlt)r'of Ssieaceheld
Effact
U.O of
3
2O.O2
o 1G12-2003. ,'
ic Coocil hel$ cn 2-144.
,"
i
:
ORDER
'
-
Tte Syllabur end Scbemc of eusrinatim
revisod wfih
and regulatim of Iv[.Sc {hyeics was
2003 odrnigsim md implemealcd vide U.O, cited " I 4h
eed IIm
Peper.
2.
3.
.
its nreetings held on 5.1t-20O3 suggpsled
II [email protected], whieb *ere Arcusiea,and
rraBoard"
I,H:1[H;'HTT;*
the
agnoved
;c Physics (Seaiester)
aplicableiwill
bfrect
froun 2003 admission rlrr.vards-
4.
lle
at its
it8 meeftng
-;;ssulty Scieoce'at
meefing
Boed of
5.
6.
t
'
inld on
on.10-12-2003,
10-12-2003, ryFovEr
app,or,gd tte.mtnutee of
I
.1
hld on 241-2W4, appoved the minuta of
Boafil of S0dies ar ryoved ry,fu fadty of SciEooe ead also the mimtes of
Tbe mestiry of.aiademic Corncil
,
t
Frulty of Scieacc.
Swtion hos h€o accorded for fte implemeotatim of revised Syllabur of Miir
Phlrics
7.
Sf,dies.
([email protected])
I
I
I
Conse with olfect ftom 2003 aforissim mwards.
Ordem are is$ed accordingly.
sd/Deputy
ReBistrr(C&Af)
FoTREGLSTRAR
To
l.
.
2.
The Prircipelc of atl afflliated Colleges olfering tvlSc Physics (Semestcr) Courae.
Head of the Departmot of Pbpics, University ofCalicut.
Copy to:-
CVUniversity Informatim Cmtru/DR (Nd-Scy
Uoiversity Librery/ SF'.rFe
!.
c;\O&Ann\orqoA
t ti wemgp.Vol II 4,-744.e
,I
lr
I
UNI\IEIISI 1'}' OF CALIC U'I'
ItUGUt,A'l'lONS, SCIIEi\IL AND SYLLALUS I OR
ill.Sr. I'H!'SICS
(EI'I'ECTMJ l ItOi\I 2003 ADNIISSION)
: Canditlatcs who lra'.,c sccurctl 509,,; rnarks in physics (l{airr,1 in t6t B.Sc.
Drl.lre-c E.rarnin;riiolt tlf this Univcrs;tv r),'r.io cquivalcnl cxarni0ation
of arrl'othcr U,ivcrsity rvil.h
I{:rtltcnratics as'.: cornpulsrrri,subsirJiari i,lrlrcr. arceligilrlc ro appl;- f,r atirni-q-qi.,.
.,
Eligibility of aurnission
,.
2
L)ilrati.orr'r-rf ttte' ;ourse slrall ho 2 ','cars, sirlrt irrto 4 sr'rrrcstors, each s(rrneslcr
6avirrg a rnirririr.rl uI g0
wt)lkiriI days' rriih a lnittitnurn tr[ 5 lroul's o('inslnrcl.ir-.rr pcr day. i,e. a tr-rtal of 400 conta(: lrorrrs pcr.
sct'|lcstcr. The st'ntcstcr cxalnioatitlns sh,rll !rr: hcll ovcr l0 tuuriing clay,s alrer
cgrn;rlctrng g() 6ay,,f
instlrction.
3
Tiir:rc sltall hc a irrinirtttrnr of 70 ltours til iir;trrrctiorr pcr rhc()r,"- papcr anr.l
60 hgurs pllaltorat'ry w.r.k
iirr:caclrllractic:i p:rpcrineaclt scrnestcr,i.c.ir nrininiumof4crtntacthoursperpapcrpcrweek.
4'
'Sclrcrttc oI Ex:rrl:irllti0ns
[)Jix-r al llrc ,.:nii
:
'lhorc r;hitll irc ortc cxlcrrral crautilration
t-r[-i
11pq,rr'
d..ratiolr for cach ihcory
0i cach fi'Jiilcs(cr, ltt l)t: ctrnrluclcd allcr lhc conrplction of tJO r.lor.king tla1,s. Each
wriltcrt exatninari<.rtt '*ill carry a rnlrlnliulr ol'S0 nrrrrks. T'hc qucstion paper shall con-sist
of tlrce
sr't tiotts: Section .,\ r:onsislitig <.rl sitort
ii:iragriiltlr alswi:rs,
5 t0 he answeretl O1t Of g, eacft cUrying 4
strctioo
B
corrsistiltg
2
of
cssa-v
qut'stions,
t.',,pc
car.ying
20 rnarks each. lo be aisrvcrcd jlr tw6 or
'ttiitl;s;
ii)rcc. pagcs, ca(-i) qtt,lstion with a clost.J choicc o1'trvo alrcrnaliv.-.s (given with
OR); sectiop C
ctlrtsislirtg 0f prci'letns, 2 to be answcrctl out o[ 4, caclr carr;-ing l0 m:uks. 1'he problcrrrs
shall ngt be
tnr.rc rcprodttctiL)'i o[ worked eralrtples [r.-rrrr tcrlbooks, rr<;r shall thcy be lnere spbstitytiorr
of valucs i,
for lnrrlac.
5.
/.llhotrglr thcre;rie Lwo practicals to be carrictl ()ut in elc,l scrlester, practical exanrirrariorr will be
corrductcd ttltly ar the end of 2"d and 4'h scoicsters. PHY l()5 arrtl PHY 205 will be conducter.l as
one
c:.r'atninatiult arrd PllY 106 and PI'lY 206 irs arrother at lhc crrd tLf thc 2"d serlestei] sirnilarly, pIIy
305
atttl PI{Y 4U5 as irtte e.rarnittalion arrd PI{Y -i(i(i antl PII)'406 as another at lhc r;;r<l of ttre 4,n scnrestcr.
'fhc I'rar:tical t:xarninatioll
shall br: of 6 lrirrrrs' tJrrratjon. Two l.eachcrs froor anc.l.lrer Cullesefuniversrr-v
I)cparrolcrtl sltall crlrrduct [ltr: cxalnioatitxr. Tlic laborator_r,ohscrvati0n rccords s!iall lre vcrilicrl by thc
cr-anlittcrs [o cnsiiro that tlre rcquircd rrinirnrrrn rrrrnrberolexperirnents havt, bcen carried our.
6. \'iYa Voce shall be cottclucted during cach scr)lcstcr-crrrJ exanlir)ation b,v rrv.o e.\tenlal
.
l.
e.(aminers,
c()\(-rill8 Llti. thcory papcrs as rvcll as tlrc Praclicah- of that scrncster. As thcrc aro no practicaj
cxarnirralit)ns at [ilc end of rldd soruesters. tlte Viva Vocc cxarniltel; shall verily whcther thc stutlenr has
tlorre lhe retluirc,; nurrrber of cxperirrru'rrts tlurirrg that scnrrrster by /.,allillg ior the lirhratorJ- notes.
[.r'aluatiorr in th,.': ','iva voce shall inclrrrlc valuatiorr oI thc laboratory r,torth.
Tlrcrc shall bc iltcrrr;rl asscssrnent to thc rrxr.cnl 'of 2(l th lnarks ;-rer papcr ilrcluding praclicals, per
senlcstcr. [-t)r thc thcory papers. lhcsc rnarks shall be au,arded bascd on thc following s..ten,e,
Alt<:lrrhntre
Belorv
:
15%
nil
Bctwcerr i57o ffid790,1,
Ilctween
60.;/c and 89Vc
90ti
arrtl abovc
Writtcrr tcsls (bcsi 2 orrt of
3
)
Assigrrnrelrts (at lcast five;
Sentirtars (al least one pcr s(!n.l.jsler,
'l'ol.rrl
2 marks
3 marks
4 marks
:
:
:
6 nrarl.-s
5 rnarks
5 nrarks
20 rnarlis pcr papcr per senresler
Tlte attswc:r papers, alier el'aluati<-rn, shall he rnatlc availablc [o ilrc srudent.s for their perusaj and lht:n
ir tlrc Dcpartn:ent for latcr ilrspeclirilr. il'the lreetl ariscs.
kopt
a
L
v
Obscrvarions as rect>rtlcd during rrxpcrirncnts iri tltr: laboraiory shall bc evaluated on the spot (Thr:
p!'aclice oi'plcscnf irrg a fair copy' ol'thc sarnc is to bc iiispcnscti with). Thcre shall bc inlcrnal asscssmcr)'|io thc cxte'rrt of 15 marks, alartled ()n the Lrasis oi' tht-r ()ver&ll perlbmlarlt:e <lf the studellt in tlr;
laboratory, The split--up of the marks is zts foll<-tws :
TCSTS
Obscrvation recttrd
Regularity irt attendartce
Viva Voce
:
:
:
:
:
'fotal
4 marks
4 marks
_i
marks
4 ntarks
15 marks per
practical per semester
The lab<lrator;- observatiorr reccrrd is to brr preser)ted before the external exarnillers at the tinle of tile
Practical examinations for their vorillcatio,),
Thc intcrnal asscssmcnt marks shall be lorwardcd to lhc Controller of F,xaminations bcthrc thc start of
the end-semester ex afllinations.
There shall be provision for gritrvanr:e rotlessal at tixee/four levels - l-lrst, at the level of the teacher
concernc6. Sccontl, at the lcvcl of Dcpartmental Committec consisting of thc Head of the Dcpartment,
Deparrrnental Coordinator of Exarninations and the teachcr concerned. T'hird, at the level of the College
Commirtee consisring of the Principal, the IlearJ <rf tlte Deparmrent al)d tlte rnember of the College
Council nontinated by the Prirrcipal eaclt ycar and also sttrdent lneruber of each class. (The third lt:vel
Cornmittee is not applicablc to the University Dcpartments) and fourth, at the University level'
Cpmmittee consisring-of the PrgVice-Chancellor. Chaimian P.G.Board of Studies/Subject experl
ncrrninatetl by the fice-Chancelltlr, Controller of Examirtations and the Convener of the Smncling
Conrnrittee of the University Syndicate.
in thc Departlnents. 'Ihe stuJents should lodge their
cornplaints in wririrrg to the grievance redressal corlrnittee within olte week aIId tlte decisic'n uaken
within the ncxt two rveeks oflhe publication o[ thc nrarks. r\ppeals, i[ aoy, on such decisiorl 'rhall be
filefl in thc College level Cornmiitec (Lhrivcrsity lcvcl Contmittee lor the sn/(ients of the Universit.v
Department-s) within a period o[ one week and tlecisir-rn taken within two rveeks ( within one mtlnth fbr
the Uniyersity level C6mmirtee). Appeals tu the University Level Cornmittee along with I'ees prcscribeci
'Ihe intemal
assessrnent marks shall be published
iinrt: shall be preferrr:d withio one wrrek o[ the drrcision of the Collegt: level Committee anri
thc decision takcn within goe mqnth fr<:rn tlic last datc oi'tiling cornplaints Annour;ced in advancc by thc
Univcrsity.
fronr tirne
ru.
I
The tlniversify shall do normalization o[ intc:rnal asscssrneot. when thtrre is inflatro.'r ot marts ilt intcrna]
eva|tation. If thc flilference in lhe perccotagc o[ the cxtenial marks and tltr', perccnrhSe oi the intcro:i
marks of any student is rnore than 2()%, thLr irltenlal rnarks shiill be brr-rughl d<lwn ti.l lii:rit the diflference
to 207o. Nonnalizariol once eflbctecl shall be inevucable, dxcept in the case ol' a student who appeals to
thc glicvanc* rctlrcssal (ron)ruiltce.
().
'lle
mirrirnum marks rcquired ftlr a pass is 4()% lbr the cxtemal cxarninatitln ftrr each paper including
Practir:al ald Viva Voce. Thr-'re shall be tlo sepiirate irtirtirnum for tltcr internal narks. The grading of
rhe studcrrts r,vill Lrc as follorvs:
Total
marks
4O?c ttt 197o
506/c .o 597,;
60an to'19%
80% and ahovc
10. Cantlidates who fail in
(lrarle
III class
lI class
I class
I class with Distinction
a paper/papers can reappeir for the subsequent regrtlzrr erantination.
SCHENIE OF'PAI'ERS
I
SEN,IESTEIT
Puper No.
'l'ille of Papt'r
l\'Iax.i\[arlis
i\Iax.l{arks
(Ertcrrrall
(Inl.ernal)
PHY IOI
PH)'102
PHY 103
Jr,[athernatical Ph.vsics I
80
20
100
Quantum lv'lechanir"'s I
Classical lv{echanics
80
8U
20
20
100
PHY I(X
Elcctronics
80
20
r00
PHY IO-5
PHY 106
PHY 107
Practical - Gerreral Physics
Practical - Eltrclrrrrt ics
15
15
15
l5
Viva Vme
50
100
50
'Iotal
II
Ttl[:rl
480
SEIIIESTER
Paper No.
Tille of Paper
l\'Iax.Marli:s
Mu.fl4arks
(Ilxtcrnal)
(Inl.ernal)
Tolal
PTIY 2OI
PHY 202
It{athematical Physics II
80
20
100
Numerical Techniqucs anti
80
20
1(X)
PIIY 203
Comouter Prograrnminrl
Smdstical and Thennal
80
20
100
80
20
100
Phvsics
PHY 2M
PTIY 206
Electrrxlynamics
Practical - General Pltvsit:s
Practical - Electronics
PHY 207
Viva \rocc
Pr{Y 205
120
15
135
12.(
15
135
50
50
'I'otai
TII
720
SEN,IESTER
Paper No.
Title of Paper
NIar.l\Larks
(Flxteroal)
N{ax.l{arks
Tolal
PHY 3OI
Nuclear Physics
80
20
100
Solid State Physics
80
20
i00
80
20
r00
ti0
20
r00
15
t5
15
15
PtiY _?02
'PrrY i03
PHY
3(.,4
Pr'Iy
305
Orran trrrn N'Ietrhanics
II
Elemcntary Particles and
Astronhysics
Practical - Mrrdertr
Physics
PHY 306
PHY.1O7
Practical - ComputL'i
Programrning 0R
Advartced Eler:troilics
Viva Vocc
Totai
50
50
480
4
IV
SENIESTER
l'aper No.
Title of Paper
tllax.l\{arks
(External)
PHY 4OI
Spectroscopy
Pr{1'402
Elective I
PH1',403
PHY 4M
Elective II
Elective III
PTIY 405
Prat:tical - Modenr Phlsit:s
Practical - Cornputer
Programmig OR Advanced
Electronics
Viva Voce
PHY 406
P}IY 407
Tolal
80
20
1fi)
80
20
100
80
20
20
r00
rt)0
15
B5
r5
135
80
120
720
50
Total
Note: Computer Programming can be carried
List of Electives
l{ax.Marks
(Internal)
50
720
ouL
in \\rindorvs or gsing LINUX (OS),
:
Note : One to be chosen from each cluster - Any centre may offer more than one Elective
frorn a cluster sintultalteously, but a student should select o1l-v one from each cluster.
Elective
I
:
PIIY 402 A : r\dvanced Electrorrics
PHY 402 B Advanced Nuclear Physics
PHY 4O2C Plasma Physics
PHY 402 D Advanced Astrophysics
Elective II
:
PHr'403 A Electronic Instruotentation
PHY 403 B
PHY 403 C
PT{Y 403 D
PHY 403 E
Comrnunication Elcctronics
Ir{aterials Science
Cornllu Ler Softrvare atrd r\pplicatit-urs
Digi tal Signal Prot:essi og
Radiatiorr Ph,"-sics
PHY 403 F
Elective III
I
PIiY 4M A: Quanturn Field Theory
PHY 404 B Experiorental Techniques
PHY 404 C: Condensed Mattcr Physics
PHY 404 D : Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics
PHY.1O4 E : Lasers and Fibre Optics
Appropriate new electives may be aclded to the above clusters to incorporate ncw and growing
ficld.s of physics.
5
SE}IEST'ER
I
PHY 101 : NIA'I'HEN{A'IICAL t'}HYSICS
I
.1
r ;i*#;"y,:iti,,Tillli:fi;1":l:lli;iii;:,i:ilft."'i::ililililtffi#'.11Jffi:'fi?'iiii}I
coordinates,
The Laplaciarl
.,p-;;;t. Lirplace's equation'
Iieknhoitz ecluaLion as exi[nples'
(10 hours)
product,
Inverse, Trarrspose, orthogonal
nr*i..r,
f'Iennilian
product' 'rrace'
Diagooalizatiorr o[
Direct
Ittner
z. IVlatrices : Basic properties o[ rrratrices, Illatri-x rnrrltiplic:ation,
lvlitriccs, unitary-matrices,
(10
nlaUlces
nou.:].
o
variables,
cquation,
ons
Seconrl
: purial differr:ntial eqrrarions { ptrysic r. !:pararion of
Selt-a<ljoiot difl'ercntial
Frobc,nius r-nethod, A second soltrtion.
nidi orthogo,ralization, cornplcteness of
functions
(10 hours)
Special fultctiotts : Camnta hrllction' Beta
second kinds, (iencrating function' Rcctlnc
4.
poly'nonrials' Gener;rling luttclion' Recttrrcn
LegcnOre polyntlrnials, Spherical ltarrnonics'
notrricir
Gc:rteral propcrties' Ch^ngt or interval'
transforn]
I-'aplact:
theorern,
dcrivative, Conur-'lution
"LlI:?Scries
transforrn. In.,er.sc lr.anslorrn, rro,irioro olihc
(10
:
,.
.9ibh:3T]l':X:i::Fi::,11n;ffi
hours)
T'extbtxlks
l.
:
Ci.B.Arflcn and H.J.Webcr
2.
3.
:
'',\,lathentatical l'lcthotls fbr Physicists
i5'" Etlition' 2001)" (Academic
Press.l
\'lcthods lbr Physics" lBeojaminl
J.lv{athew's and R.Walker : 'Matlrematical
L.l.Pipes and L.It.I-lan'ill :.Applied-lr{alltcrrraticsf<;rEngineersandPhysicists(3dEditionl(McCratv
Hill)
PHY
LO2
:
QUANTUM T,IECHANICS
l.
2.
5.
amPlitu
tSiicat
sqtlare
ng bY a central
of Partial wave
ergy scattenng'
(12 hours)
6
r-":iTi:-')
astcmi
(Tata McGIaw
Quarrtutn Nlechaoics
Hill)
Y, 2(X)2)
dison WesleY t
1l)
nics" (N{acnriilan)
I,HY 103 : CLASSICAL NTECHANICS
Principle'
Ceneraiized coordinates' llarnilton's
ekicity dependcnt potentials' Symmetry
(12 hours)
."ntru! iorce ficltl
rmatiolls
:
quat.ions, Canonical lransioni;aitons'
and
examplff'
(S
tlissiPative fo(:es'
dison \Yt:sleY)
rosa Publications, I997)
nics" (Tata l\{cGraw Hill)
('I'aLi lr{cGraw
on to Classical lr{echanics"
PHY
1.
104
ELECTRONICS
fietO Effect Transistor
:
Anarlysis of Cornm-.n Source and
Biasing of IrET', Snrail signal ntodel'
logic and
itnO itt applications' CMOS
i*'p"""' r'Ei
Comrno. Drain arnplifier, ffign freqrel.y
logic Packages
';VVR
'Iextbooks:
1.
Hillt
(8 hours)
'l'heory" (Prentice
p2shg:lsky : "Electronit: Dsl'it:es ancl circuir
Roberr Boylestatl and Louis
riall oI
India)
z. '**tX'lTlllTiiffi:J
(ph
Depe.ntlent Resistors
facurr), LED (high
frequ
Liglrt
rransrer clcctron devices (Gunn dioilc't'
(short circuit cuo'ent, fill
e plx)t(xretedtors, s.rar cc,
LED,'
internal rec,rnrrinatioil, operarion cf
uriace an<j
"lio'r"'
7
for lasing, FabrY Perot
invorsit-'tt' optit:al gain' threshold current
Diocle laser(condirion for popularion
fi? hours)
cavity,l
'
Text
- - books
1.
2.
3.
4.
5'
:
Y Liatr
Microwat'e.tJevit:es and circrrits - Satntrel
Choudhuri
Microelectronit: devices - Nag
Book Vol
Joscph l'C"r, -- df ttt'onit c;'It'lr Guide
- OPtoelectronics u'0"(iy:'L-':an : "optical
r.-^r^- r\a
Errdil Yiga
A.Ghatak
Reft]rcl)ce
lV (BPB books' Delhi)
Electronics" (Canrbridge)
l"y)
,."
opanp dinbrentiar amprincr'
ln loop gain' ClvlRR' lnput olfset
'i#:H'Irfi:r:';JlT::,'rr',,TX"'-''
^
.. ,iri,.ll;ifi,';t"",I;;il:o':'E:-i
differential
Ernitter coupletl
.*"n, and voltage,output
principle of Bode plots,
4.
o
Phase
(10
irtvcrter, scale changer' sumrDer' v to
oPAil4.P Applicalion : oPAIvlP as
pass
analog cornltrta.tiotl, Aclive low
iutegration uno tliii.i.,utiation, Elecrronic
OPAMP
filter'
pass
hand
Butteru'orth flltcrs, Band pass nft"'''nttl"" '*"ln'nt
hours)
I
monostable rnultiviblators' Schmidt trigser'
Terttxnksfrrr3&4:
and Lirtear Irttcgrirterl
J t'ltt'io" - New Agc
::l:
?.
tlon
nrrions trsing Karnaug
5. Digit
16
rchrotrous antl asvtrchrono.Y:t'9-1''Yn
JK
CS'
utltt""*t*0r1" CIr'IOS'
counrcrs, Static antl tlynantic randort
lre'
de.vices' Ir4icruproce
coupleilCharge
. arttl ferroelectric ntctrnones'
processor sttt:h as INTEL 8085'
1-
gencral *i.ro.on1pur.,,,
ipu
architc.-rr,ie of 8 bit
(20 hours)
'I'extbcnks
(tata l\{cGraw Hill' 1978)
^^r' :' 'Digital
Principles arrd Applicatiortsg' Ed')"
"r\i"i'^l E)rinninj
I-each
1. ivlalvino and.ttoO.,ln
Digiial Elecrronics" (Tata lvlcCraw l-Iill)
Z, R.p.Jain ,
lDhanapathi Rai & Sons)
3. B.Ram : "Fttndatnenuls o[N'Ii(rrop'o*"o" arrd iv{icrocoolputets
General references
:
l)evices"
1. M.S.Tyagi : "Introduction to Semicorlductor
E]ectronics"
"Integraled
:
Halkias
;,. viirt"*"uno
3. Gupta antl Kumar : 'Handbook of Electronics"
(Wiley)
,_
SEMESTER IT
PHY 201
1.
2.
3.
4.
:
: NIATHENIA'I'ICAL PHYSICS II
l-unctions of Complcx Variables : Cauchy-Reimann conditions, Cauchy's integral theorem anrj irrtegral
formula, Larrrent expansion, Singularities, Calcuhrs of residucs and applications. ,10 hours)
Group Theor.y : Croups, Multiplicarion Table, ltearrangement theorern, Conjugate elernents and
classes, Subgroups, Direct product groups. Isomorphism and homomorphism, Permutation groups,
( I hours,
Distinct.groups of givcn order.
:
Group Represenlrtion Theory tlrritary represenl.alions, Sr:hul's !r:rnrnas, orthogonatit;- theorr:rn and
interpretations, Character rrf a representation, Character 'l'ables and examples, Ineducible represerrtalions
of Abelian and non-Abelian groups, Connection with quantum nurnbers. ,Syorrnetry group of the
Schrodingcr cquation, Symmctq, and dcgcncracy, Basis llnirtions of irreducible rcprescntations, SLI(2)
group and its representation, SU(-l) group, Coulomb Syrnrnctries (15 hours)
Calculus of Variations
One clependernt and ono independent vanable, Applications of the Euler
equation, Generalization to several independent variabit:s, Several dependent and independent variables,
Lagrange \{ultiplien, Variation subject to constraints, Itayleigh-Ritz variational technique.
:
(8 hours)
5.
6.
: Definition of Tcnsors. C-oniraction, Dircct. products, Pseudolcnsors. Mctric tensor (6 hours)
Nonlinear Equations and Chaos: A model s),stcrn, A spring loadcd bead free ii, slidc on a horizontal
bar. Driven quar"tic oscillator, Darnpc:d and dr:iven quartic oscillator, I{arrnonic analysis, Vart der Pol
Terrsors
oscillator'. Stability ol solutioils, Stability oi arltooLlrnous s),stenrs, Discrete rnaps, Chaos : Logistir: map,
(12 hours)
Der.-initions. Fixed points. Ptrriod doubling,
Urrivcrsalit,v.
Tcxt Rooks
1. G.B.Arlkcn anrl H.J. Weber :'llathernatical Mclh<.rtls lior Physicists"
(5"' Editi<.rn, 2t)01; 14.r,.1ernic Press)
2.
A.W,.Ioshi : "Cioup Theory For Physit:ists" (Wik:1, Eastern)
Ir{.Tinkham : "(iroup Thcory arrd Quantum lvlccharrics" (Tata-}Iccrarv-Hill.1
-):
'Jorge V. Jose and Eugine J.Saletan : "Classical D_llranics - A Contemporary Approach" lCambridge
Unii,ersity Press)
Nlichatl Tabor : 'Chaos and Integrabilit.v in Nonlittr:ar Dynaorics" (Wile;". 1989)
R.C.Hilborn : "Chaos aod Nonlincar Dy'rramics" (Oxford, 199-1)
V.B.tshatia : "Cllassical ]vlechanics" (Narosa, 1997)
4.
5.
6.
PHY 2O2z NUNIEI{ICAL TECHNIQUES AND COMPLITER
I'ROGIIAMMING
: Ta-r'lor series and N{aclaurin's st:ries, Seritrs with a
(6 hours)
reorainder, Exarnples, \'alrre of e , Chcbyshel'polynornials
2, Rools of transccndcntal equations : Solution by iterati<;n, Convergence criterion, Order of
I
.
Power series calculations and functions
convergence, Newton-Raphson method,
3.
Int€rpotation and curve
fitting :
B
isection (half i nten'al) methrxl
((r hours)
Linear interpolation, Interpolating poll.nomials, I.agrange
interpolating polynornial, Difference calculus. Newton fbnvard and backrvard difference tbrmulae, f,east
(10 hours)
squares cun'c fittingl lincar arrd nonlincar)
4.
Numerical
inlrgralion :
Trapezoidal antl Sintpson's Inethods, Newtorr Ccrte's method,
5.
Ordinary rlifferential equatiom
Gauss
(6
quadratrre
hours)
:
Euler's rnethod. Ir{ilne's rnethod. Runge-Kutta methods
(6
hours)
9
,.4-'-'i \
6-
f-ortran Progralnming lundantentals : Forrran constarlts anct variablcs, Type declarations. Arithrnetic
operator-s' Hierarchy, Arithrnetic expre-ssion:r, Lugical opLtak)rs and cxpressions, Arithmerical and
assignmenl. staten)ents, Special functir-rrrs, InpuL/tlutpul. staternents, Rejadonal operators, Control
staten)ents(go to, adthmetic and logical itt, Do loop, repeat rvhile, DimensioneJ variatrles, Fcrrmats,
Subprograms, Fttnctions and subroutincs, Conrmon dcilaration, File opcrations(creating. reading,
writing, rrpdating and merging of sequential
7.
r-iles.;
(14 hours)
:
C Programming fundamen&ils
Cortstarrts arrti variables, Data types, Type decl:uation of variables,
S,'-mbolic constants,,Arithmetic operators, Incrclnent and clet:rtlrnent operators, Conditional operator,
Bitrvise'operators. Hcirarchy, Arithmctic cxprcssions, L,ogical op.r.tnr. and expressions, Assignmeni
operators, Arithmetical and assignment statements. lr{athematicil functions, Input/gutput sut;ments,
Forntatted UO, Relational operatcrrs, Decisiun rnaking and branching, Go ro, if, ii...else, switclr
statelnents, Looping. While, do and [or. r\rravs, Flandling ciralacters and strings, Frmctioos and v6ids,
Slructures, Pointers(elementary idcas only;, Filc operations(defining and opening, reading, writing,
updating and closing of
(1g hours)
files)
TextBooks
l.
2.
3.
:
s.s.shastry : 'lnrroductory methods nf numcrical anarl,sis" (prentice
I-Iall of India,1983)
v.Rajaraman : " cornprtcr prograrnrnins in Forrran 77" (prentice Hall
of India . t999)
E.Balaguruswarny : '?rograrnrning in ANSI C"f i'ata-McGraw Hill,
1992)
Rel'erence Books
l.
2.
3.
4.
.
: '?rogrammingin C"
'Iiunterical rnethods-software and
V.Rajaraman
J.H.Rice
:
arral-ysis" i}{cGrarv
I-Iill, 1983)
J.g.scarborough ; "Nurnerical mathematical analysis" (Oxford and IBH,
Hildebrand : "Numerical analysis"
PHY 203
1
;
:
6,h
criition)
S'I'ATISTICAL AND THEI{,S,IAL PHYSICS
Classical statistical mcchanics
:
Thc ;rosiulate o[ classical statisrical mechanics, ]vlicrocaoonical
ensemble. Derivation o{ thcrrmodynaruics, Equipartition theorurrn. Classical idcral gas, Gibbs p:yadox
(10 hours)
2. Canonicat ensenrble arrd grand canonical ensenlble : Canonical
Grand canonical
The t:hemical potential
the canonical cnsemble,
ensemble,
ensenrble, Energy fluctuations in
enscmllle, Density fluctuations
in the grand canonical
(10 hours)
3. Quantum stalistical
mechanic.s :
The postulates, Density matrix, ensembles in quanlum statistical mechanics. The thint law of
thermodynarnics,,ll" ideal gases : Ivlicro canonir:al enseruble, Foundations of sratistical mechanics
hours)
4, Approximate methods
(10
:
Classical chlster expansion, Quantum cluster expansioo, Second Viriai coefficient, Variational
principlcs
(E
hours)
5.
fermi sl,stems
:
Equation of state of an ideal Femri gas, The theory <lf White dwarf stars, Larrtlau tliarnagnetisrn, The de
Haas van Alphen effect, The quantized llall etfect, Pauli
(6 hours)
pararnagnetisrl
6.
Bos" systerns :
Phonons in solids, Bose-Einstcin condensatiorr, An imperlbct Bose gas, The Super fluid orcler
parameter
7.
thc
Ising nrodcl
(8 hours)
:
l0
(6 hours)
Definirion of the Ising model, The one <litnensiunal lsing rnodel
?
-l
Text Books
:
1' Kerstln Hu'ang : "statistical Mechanics'' (second edition') (wiley'1987)
Z. Patria : "sUaiistical Nfechanir:s" (Butterworth'-l{eineurann, 1996)
-i. B.K. Agarwal and lv{elvin Eisner :"Statistical Physics"
4. Guptha antl Kumar : "statistical Plt;-sics"
PHY 204 ELECTRODYNANIICS
1.
1'ime varying liclds and Maxwell's cquations
:
Electromagnetic boun<iary t:onditions, Wave equations an<l
plane clcctromagnetic waves : Plane waves in lttssless media, Plane rval'es in lossy media' Grtlup
pr-rynl'iltg vetrtor, Nomral iltcidence at a plane
vel6ciry, Flow of elect-romagnetic poler arul the
incident:e at a plane
co,4uciing bouldary, ObliquJincideirce at a plane condur:ting boundary, Nonnal
(12 horrs)
irre:itlence at a plane rtielectrit: b<;undiu)'
2.
dieler:uic boun<1ary,-Obliqui
3.
lvlaxn'ell's equilions, Ptltc;'tirl ftulctiorls'
iheir solrrtions, Time haflnonic frelcls'
(6 hours)
:
Trans'ret'sc elcctromagnetic waves along a parallel
tra:rsmission
plane transmission line, General fransrnission lilre equiitions, \\'ave characteristics cf t'inite
(6 hours)
' iln"s, 'I'ransrnissicln line impedance
fneory and application.s of transmission lines
matching
gttiding slruclures'
Wav( grrides and cavity resooators : Oc:rrc:ral wavc hehaviour along tlniforrt
4.
parallci platc u,ave guides, Rectan,Jrrlar rvave gtiirlcs, Circrrlal' wavc gtrides, Ilielectlic^wavc guidcs,
18
Cavity rcsooators
5.
of the field'
Relativistic electrodynarnics : Nlagnetisur as a relativistic phenotnenort, f'ranstbmudon
in
Electrodynantics
ficlcl
tensor,
Elecrric flcld ol' n poinr chargr: lnoving unilbrrnly, Elec:troolagnr:tic
(10 hours)
tensor notation, Potential fOrmulalion of relatil'istic: electro<lynatnlt:s
5.
hours)
Nonuniftlrm f,relds,
.Nlotiop pf charged particlcs in Iilectronragnrtic licld : Uniform E arttl B treltls'
: Firs(, sec:ond and
invariants
Atliabatic
.,,iuf
fieids,
B
E
ing and
. Diffusittq u..ur"inui,,"ric tields,'I'inre
(5 hours)
invariants
rhrrd atliabaric
7
momen
paramet,ers,
Debi,e shieltling, Piasma
hydro{l,namical e-quations. H1.{iomagrtetic
.
ptasrna phl,sics
Tlext Books
1,
?.
3.
4.
pHy
:
Dcrivation of
ollzma,n cqtration. Plasma oscillati.ns'
Plasma cclnfinement' Iitrndamental
ic and Alfven
wavcs
(13 hours)
:
David cheng
F.F.Chen
:
:
" Fiekl and wave Elcctrotnagnclics" (Addisson weslcy)
;lntroduction
ro Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion" (Plenum)
:
'Classical Elet:trort)'t)atnics" (3''r E'd.) lWiley' i999)
Davi6 Griftiths : " Introducrory Electrr.rtlynamics" (Prentice Hall of 1n,1;n' l!)89)
l.n.lacfson
105 (practicals
I -GENERAL I'HYSICS I) and PHY 205 ( Practicals II
-GENBIIAL I'HYSICS Il}
(At lea.st 16 experiments shoultl be done, I in each of the two semest.ers. Internal
the
evaluation to be rlone in the respective sernesters and marks to be irrtirnated to
be
to
book
controller at the end of each semester ilself'. Practical ollservation
is to
sulurritted to the examiners at the tirne of viva voce iIt each senlester. One mark
if a
be deducted lrom internal marks for each experiment not done by the student
total of 8 experiments are not done in each semester)
i.
t4;:
) 2.
,ii
, r
Yando-'lnterfcreoccorethod (a)clliptical(b)h;"pcrbolicf'ringes, TodctermineYando o[thcr
of tle giVi:n sp6cirherl by observirtg the elliptical arrd tryperbolic fringes fornted in an irrterferellce sei
)'and o by Koenig's Inethod
Osc.iilating tlisr: orcthod. To detentrine the viscosiL,v of the given lit
rneasurcoronts oh thp tirnc pcikrd of oscillation of the disc in air and in thc liqrrid
Variation raf -*urface'tbnsion with tenrperature - Jaegar's method. f'tt determine the surtace tension t
ar differenr lgmperrrtrres by Jaeger's rnethod of observing the air bubble diameter at lhe instant of I
3.
Vist-osiry
4.
of a .Jiquid -
insidewaler'
5.
'
," t:
:;
ibrating qrip. To dctcroline the first and second modc constants of a steel v
ed by, the'pantilgver method and frequepcy ol'vibration by' the Melde's string n
6.
7,
Constants of a,theirDo'i couple
E.
,I'hennal conductivity 6i a ti(iliU'arrtt air by Lee's Disc: Iv1ethod.
To deterniirre Stefan's constant
ihd ternperattlre of invt:rsion'
. r,'
.
g.
f''
Study of magleri'Q h)'ireresis - ts-H Curre. Sample in the form of a toroiclal ring; by noting the thr
B.G. u,hen the'rnagrrgtiSing currerrt is t:hartgetl frum the rnariintum value to intemrediate values.
To deterrnine the wavelength of the waves frorn the gi
10. Dielectric constant by Lecher
given oil b,v lneasureolent of a suitable capacitance b
the
of
oscillator ancl the dielebtric coostant
wire
Lccher
setup.
To tletennine tlte resistance and inductance ol the given unknown indu
N{axrvell's UC
Wire.
brirtge.
1l
Maxwell's UC bridge.
12. Detcrminalion of treqriency of an
frc.qUpp<;y
13.
bridge.
ost:illator
'rl
Tu constnlct an oscillator and detennine irequenc
SuscepiiUitiry .i"usrrement by Quincke's antl (iurty's
methods. Paramagnetic susceptibility of
s
specirnen
14. Cauchy'
s
(lonstaots. Liqrrid pri snr
15. Mic-lrelsort's interferornetcr
16. Fabry' Perot Etalon
-
-
(al
1.
(d i f [t: rc r)1.
t]oncc l) tratioos)
ixld (b) d )" and tlrickness of rnit:a sheel.
i! and thichtess o[ air filnl.
6[ s:ryslal 1'hs 6lrelficierrt o[ expansion of a crystal by strrdying the irtterference [ringes
by air wedge I b;- Ncwtons rings
-
17.
Erpansi1r11
lS.
detcnnine thd temperature of tlte sodiutn flame by comparison
1'crrrperature of sodium flanre.
incandesccnt lamp using a spectrolnctcr
Sinslc ;rhase transfonncr lMcasurcnrl.:nt of I-. R ar,ltlZ of thc prirnary and secoodary and determint
crlficienc),.
'I'o <je.ternlirte standirrg wave ratios, guide and free space wavei
Sirnple lviicrowave cxperimerrts
VSWR, dielet:tric constaot and attcrlttatiorr.
Dilfractiol at a str.aight cdgo. To rJctcrrninc thc rvavelengtir of Sodirrm lines from thc dilfraction
Iirlm a straight edge
19.
)0.
21.
'I:;
,
22. Elenrentary experiruents using La.ser
a)
b)
c)
d)
:
Wavelength dtltemlillation trsirlg graling
Intcnsity'distribution
Diameter of a lhirt wire
DilTraction at a slit - defcrmirtation oI slit rvitlth
23. Anderson's Bridge - Detemtinadon tlf relative sust:eptibilitrReference books
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
- Advanceti Practical Phy'sis5 fbr students - Metltusen & Co (1950)
E.V. Snrirh - lvlarrual of experirnerrts ir applicrd Physit:s - Butlerwc,rth (1970)
(1988)
R,A. Dunlap - FxperirnentalPhysii:s - N{oderx ntethods - Oxford flniversity Press
Prcss Inc ( l98tj)
Academic
D. Ivtalacari (e<l; - 1u1.,nods of experimental Physics - series of volumes B.L. Wtlrsnop and H.T. Flint
S.p. Sirrgh-Pragati ArlvalcetlPractical
Physics-VolI &II-Pragati
Prakas:rn, lvfeerut
QABI-
13'h I
t2
't'+*--;'';
)
pHI'
106 (Practicals
Electronics Il )
II -
ELECTRONICS I) and PHY 206 (Practicals IV
-
Internal
(At least L6 experiments should be done; 8 in each of the two semesters'
and marks to be intimated to the
evaruation to be done in the respective semesters practical
observation book to be
co,troiler at the end of eacrr semester itself.
each semester' one mark is to
submitted to the examiners at the time of viva voce in
not done by the student if a
be deducted from internal marks for each experiment
total of 8 experiments are not tlone in each semester)
'l'o study the characreristics of a MOSI'-ET and to detennine
MosFET characterisrics arrd applications
UO ilnpedances and frtlquency revo0se'
relaxation oscillator & sharp p,lsc gcnerator )
U.l-I characteristics and ..to^oiion tscillator (constnrct
of s Silict-.n controlled rectifier (I'Ialt wave and tull wave)
1.
o
Characterisrics
J.
(regulation ctraracterisLics with loacl lor diflerent input
voltage regulation using transistors. with lbcrJback
I
+.
vohages and variation of ripple
0z6
with load)
Single stage ItC coupletl Negative feed back
without feedback)
5.
6.
1.
8.
arlplilier (input' output
resistarrce' frequelcy response with
&
.Iwo stage RC coupled amplilier ( input arrtloutput resistailc:e arttl frequency response iilcluding Bode plots)
resistancel
ampliller common source (licqrrency response, input &outpttt
RC coupletl
-
FEI
(transforlncrlcss) (I/O lrnpedailces' efficiency
c0orplcmr:nlary s)-mrnctry class B push-pull pilrvcr arrplificr
arrtl frequcttcY resPonse)
g.
lrequency response' CMRR )
Difterenrial aorplifier using transistors (I/o intpe<ianccs,
recovery ol'rnodulating signal
alul tletection using rraflsistors (rnotlulation intlex &
10. Anplitrrtle rnodulation
)
rcsistances )
Darlington pair amplifier (gain, Iiequency response' input &output
ilistortion due to fecdback resistor' compare
12. Wicrr brirlgc oscillator using op Alvlp (For diflerent fi'cquencies.
with design'values)
circuit using OPAMPS (for tliflbrent frequencies';
13. Sawt0oth gencralor using {ransistors anrl Ivf illcr swccp
voltage, cu.nent,. C]VIRR. slcw rate, ancl ttse as Inverting and
14. Use of IC ?4 I - Deterrninatit-ur of inpur olfset
and comparator
non-invelling ampliher aod difference aolplilicr, summiog arnplifier
l.
l
15. IC 555 Tinler
-
VCO missirrg pulse detector ano
Astable and Monostable arrd Bisrable mtrl'i vibrators'
Sawtooth generator.
bandrvidtlD
16. IF arnplifier (1'rvo stage) (Gain anrt lrequertt:y response'
& Using NAND Gates (Veril'v truth tables)
17. Binary-arlders - HA and FA using lTL EX - OR IC
I
8. Microprocessors
expcri meots (simplc cxpcri ments ;
i\ddition, subtraction, division and rnultiplication
-
8 bit
using
8085
hysteresis Lrurve ' detennine LTP md LiIP
19. SchrDitt trigger using transistors antl OPAMPS -'Irace
liequency -qtability ')
20. Crystal Oscillator ( For tlillerent frequencies & evalua(ion of
r3
21. i\nalog ir)tegration
..#-{*'l'i
_. i
and difflrrentiation using C)Pr\ll{PS (study the intt:grator characteristics
22. Analog computariorr using
OPA-IvIPS 11fi-124)
23. Secon6 grder Lorv pass, High
-
& differentiator;
Diifererltial equations / Simultaneous e<luations
Pass and Band Pass filters using OPfu\{P.( study the liequency response )
-24,Negativeresistanceoscillacor.(fordifferentfrcquencies).
25. Boostrap Arnplifier (frequency resporlse, input & output resistance')
26. OrganizeN{ X N ral6orn access mernory n'ith basic rrernory unit (Yerify
the READ and WRITE operations)
Refercnce Books :
l.
2.
3.
4.
5.
paul B. Zbar and.r\.P, lvfalvino
A.p. Malvino
-
-
Basic Elirctronics
Basic Eleclrurrics
-
-
A textlab ntanrral
A Text Book }vlantral
-
-
Digiral Experintents
S.p. .Singh
-
-
Ivleffill Internatiotlal ser:ie
pragati r\dvanced Practical Physir:s
---
.IVIH publishing (1983)
Tata IMcGraw Hill (1992)
R. Bogarr and J. Brown -Experiments for clectronic tlcviccs and circuils
Buchla
-
- lllerrill International
serics (l9tt5)
s ( 1984)
Vol I & II - Pragati Prakasan N{eerut
(20031
-
1-ith
Edition
t4
SEN,IES'T'EIT TH
PH}, 301
:
NUCLEAR PHYSICS
1. Nuclcar Decay
:
Gaorma transitions. lleasurcnrcnt
of gamma energy,'t,ifctirncs, Multipole momcnts,
decay' Sirnple
Decay rate formula, Selection rules, Angular correlalion_ aod Intemal conversiott, Beta
transitions.
thcory of bcra A..uy, Fermi-Kurie ptoi, C:ompalati.;e hal[-[ife, Allowed and lbrbidden
Nuirrnos'
(15 hours)
Selection ntles, Paritli violation in beta decay'
scattering
trvo-nucleoo
and
deuterolr
The
General characteristics of nuclcal' fbrct:s,
2. Nuclcar Forces
Scattering
lbrce,
Tensor
depndence.
Spin
data, Simple therlry of the deutorrn -,rtructure,
and triplet potentials,
"*p"ri.eirral
cross secrrorrs, Low energ,v n-p scatterirrg, Partial waves, Pllase shil't, Singlet
:
-
3.
02 hours)
Eftectil'o rallge theory, p-p scatteflng.
Magnedc
grounC states,
Nuclear tr{odets : Shett model, Spifl-orbit couplirrg, Spins and parities of
distorted well, Collective
rnL)rnents and scnridt liurits, Isospin syrurnetry, Single particle orbits in a
Fission prorress, Neutr<xs releasetl in fission' Cross sections, Fissi0n
Conuolled fusion
rear:tors operatlug lvith nzrtural Uraniurn as fuel, Fissiolt and thennonuclear ettergy,
(8 hours)
.4. Nuclear f-ission and Fusion
5.
:
energy
Nuciiar Radiation Detectors and Nuclear Iilt'ctrorrics
:
Scintillalion cletet:tor,
Gas derectors - ionization r:harnber. Proportional counter and G N{ colr,lter,
Amplificrs'
Preamplifiers'
detectors'
harrier
sttrfhcc
aad
Scmiconductor detcctors - Ge&i), Si(Lii
(15 hours)
Singlc channel unutl'r"o, Multichanncl
analyzers'
Textbooks :
1.
Z.
-i.
H.Iinge : "Introrluctitln to Nuclear Phvsics" (Addii'on Wesley)
H.S.tIans : 'Nuclear Physics - Experimerrtzrl and *reoretical" (New Age International
C,F.Knoll : 'Nttt:lear Radiation Detcctors"
-
2001)
Reference Books :
hrblishcrs)
S.B.patel : "An Intl.odrrction to Nuclear Physics" (Ncw Agc intcrnational
(Prentice
Hail,India)
Pltl'sics"
Ntrclear
Samuel S.Nl.Wtlng: "lntroductory
K.S.ikane : 'Tntroductory Nuclear Ph,vsic5" (Wileyl
B.t,,Cohcn : 'Conccl>ts of Nuclt:ar Physics" (Tata }{ccrar'v t{ill't
.5. I.Knplarr : "Nuclear Physics" (Addison Weslel" 19{i21
l.
2.
3.
4,
6.'
7.
8.
9.
D.C.Tayal :'NuclearPhysics"(Hirnalaya, 199i47
E.Segre. : 'Nuclei and Particles" (Benjarnin, l96i)
-
W.EBurcharn and M.Johes : 'lrittt:lear anrJ Particle Ph;-sics" (Lorlgrnan' 1995)
(Wiley Eastern' 1986)
.S.S.Kapoor ancl V.S.Rfimamurthy : "Nuclr:ar Rarliation I)etcctors"
PHY 302
.
: SOLI) ST'ATE PHYSICS
elcmcnis ol'a crystal, Typcs of spacc lattices, l\iiller indiccs, Dramonri
tlf X-Ray difliaction
srructurc. NaCl structure, BCC, FCC, HCp stnrctures with examples, Description
(8
hours)
using reciprocal lattice. Brillouin zones
'l'he Lenn'artl-J<;nes potential, Cohesive efierg)' ol inert
Crystal tsinding : Van der Waals ifiteracrion,
Metallic
gas crysrals, ViaO"t,,ng interactioo, Cohesive energj- of ionic crystals' Covaleni bon<liog,
(6 hours)
1. Crystal Structure : Symrnctry
2.
6""airg, Hyttrogcn-bonded crystals
3. Lattice Vibratiorrs : Vibrations of rnonatooric
anrl diatomic latticcs, Quantiznticrri of latticc vihrations,
Inelastic scattering of neutrons. 5;nssrin ancl f)ebyc ntotlels
Etfecr of imperfetitions
4.
orbiuls in a bancl
of specific lteat. ilteimal conductivity,
(6 ftours)
rceelectrongasinlhl.ccdimcnsions,specificht:ato[lne[alof
ry,Wie<Ienranrl_ljranzlaw,I-Ialteffect.Nezrrlyfreeelectronof
of
t functions, Formation of energy gap at Brillorrin zone
(8 hours)
l5
5.
Semiconductors
: Equation of motion of elec[ons in energy bands, Properties
of holes, Effective rnass
of carriers, Intrinsic carrier concentralion, Hydrogenic mrxlel of donor and acceptor states, lnterband
optical absorption, Frenkel excitons and Wannier excitons.
(8 hours)
6.
Diclectric propcrties : Macroscopic tlielectric irekl in a tlielectric, Depolarization field, Local electric
ficld at an atotn, Dielectric constarrt and polarizabilitrv, Order-disorder type fcrroclectrics, Displacive
7.
N{agnetic properties : Exchange ioteraction and Curie-Weiss law, Sponlaneous polarization,
Fenomagnetit: nragnons (one tlinrcnsioo.;, Magnon specific ht:at, Ferrimagnetism in FerOr
8.
tvpc fbrroclectrics, Laodau thcory of ferroelcctric phase transitions
(8 hours)
(6 hours)-'
Antiferrornagnetism in MnO, NeeI reorptrrarure arrd susceptibility
Superconductivily Meissner eftbt:I, Ty'pe I ancl Type II supert:onductors, Ilcat capacity, N{icrowave
absoqption, Energy gap, lsotope effect, [:ree energy of supert:onductor in magnetic t'ield and the
stabilization energy, London equalion and peoerration of magnetic field, Cooper pairs arld the B C S
ground statc (qualitatire), Derivation of thc London equation from the ground state wave function, Flux
:
quantization, Critical fields and the vortex state, Single particle tunneling, DC and AC Josephson
effecLs. High T. superconductors (Qualitative description of the cuprates)
(12 hours)
.
'fexlbooks:
l. C.Kittel
: "lnlroduction to Solid Starc Ph1'sics" (5'h Ed.) (Wiley Easrtrrn)
A.J.Dekker : "Solid State Ph;-sics" (Ivl:rcrnillarr, 1958)
N,W.Ashcroft and lvlerrnin
Zionn J.H. : '?rinciples of the Theory of Solids" lCambridge, I964)
2.
3.
4.
PHY 303 : QUANTUL MECIITINICS
II
l.
Approxirnation rnethods for ti rne-i ntlependcn t problerns
Tbe WKB approximation, connection lbrmulac, ban'icr tunnclling, application to decay - Bound
shtes, Penetration of a F)tential barrier, the variation method for bound states, the ground state for
I-Ie-atorn, Time-independent perturbalion theory, Non-degenerate and degenerate cases, .Aurhamronic
(16 hours)
oscillarcr stark and Zeernan effects in hydrogen.
2. Variational nrethul
The variational equation, ground state aod excited slates, application to ground slate of the hydrogen
( 6 hours)
and Heljum atoms
3. Timc dependent pernrhation lheory
Transition probability, Harrnonic perturbation, Interaction of an atom with the electromagnetic field,
Induced ernissi<ln and absorption, f'he dipole approrirnatiorr, The Born approximation and scattering
(12 llours)
anrplitude.
4. Relativistic Quaotum lvfechanics:
The Dirac equation, Dirac oralriccs, Solution of thc free-particle Dirac equation, The Dirac equation
with potentials. Equation of continuity. Spin oI the electron, Non-realistic limit. spin-orbit coupling,
Covariance of the Dirac equation, Bilinear crrvariants, Ilole theory. 'Ihe Weyl equation for the
neulrioo, Non-c:onservation of parit.v, Thr: K,lcin Gordon equation. Charge and curent densities, The
Klein-Gordon equation u'ith potentials, lVavc cqrration for thc photon, Charge conjugation for thc
(16 hours)
Dirac, Weyl and Klein Gordon equation.
5. Quantization of fields
The principles of canonical quantization of tields, Lagrangiarr density and Hamiltonian density, Second
quantization of the Schrodinger wave field for bosons alrd fermions.
(10 hours)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Textbooks:
V.K. Thankappan - Quantum tr{echanics
-
Wiley Eastem
Advanced Qrantum Mechanics - Addison Wesley .
L.I. Schiff - Quantum Mechanics - Ir{cGraw Hill
P.M.Mathews and KVenkatesan - A Text Book of Quantum Mechanics
John A Eisele - Modern Quanum Mechanics
E.G. Harris - A pedestrian approach to Quantum Field Theory.
S.N. Biswas - 'Quanhtm Mechanic^s", Allied Publishers, Calcutta
Stephen Gasiorowicz - Quanturn Physics
J.J. Sakurai
-
-
Tata McGraw
Hill
16Pr{Y 304 : EI..EMENTARY PARTICI.E
)
t.
pr{yslcs &AsTRopl.rystcs
Basic fcrrces and classification ofparticles:
Fottr basic forces - gravitational, electronrasnctic, wcak
and slrong
of oatticles.
-
reJative strenglhs , Classiflcation
(
Hours)
2.
Symrnetry and Consen,ation laws:
Cortservation of anqtlar momentrlm, electric charges, Baryon
and lepton oqmbers. conserv,ation 9f
strangeness' Conservati<;n of isospin and its coruponent.
, Coniervarirxr oi pariry,
conjugari<ln, cp
violation, rime rever-qal anrt cpr
(10
chd;
rheorem.
lrours,
3. Ivlcson rcsonances:
Yukawa's proposal. rhe muon, The real pion, lsotopic spin, Exuemely
short lived particles, Resonances
(f ' A and nresonic
-
experiments
resonances)
detec.ring rnetlrods and
(6lrours)
and quarks:
symmetry, Ttrc Sakata model, su (3), T'he eight fold way,
Gellmann and okubo rnass formula,
^Internal
Quarks and quark model, Confinetl quarks, Experimental ev,idcnce, Coloured
( 9 h,urs)
4. Symmetry
guarks
5' stellar
magnitude sequence, Absoiute magnitutle arrtl distance nrodlrlus,
bolour irrrJex of a srar,
Lumiltosities of stars, Stellar parallirx and unrts of stellar disrant:e.
(g hours)
6' Spectral classification of stals, Boltzrnanns forrnula. Saha's equation of therrnal ionization,
I,Ianvard
systenr of classification. Luninosity cffect of
stcllar spcctra. Importance of ionization thcory,
spcctroscopic parallax - Hertz-spnrng Rrrsscl diagram.
_
(10 hours)
5' Slrucl'ure and evolution of srars, obsenational basis, Equatiorr of state lor stellar
interior,
'ulechanical and thermal equilibrium in stars,_Energ), transport in stellar interior, Energy generation
in stars (themronucreir reactiorrs), stelrar evolutionl \\rhite rlwarls
(10 hours)
6.
Neutron stars, pulsars and black holcs
Text Books:
1' )''Nceman and Y.Kirsh:
3,ch9.secs1-7
-
(ll hours)
"The particle huntcrs' (Caorbridge l.tnivcrsity press), Ch 6,
Ch.7., ch g secs
2. David Griffiths' J0hn Wilel' & Sorts, "Introductiorr rr.r elLlrnentar],p:uticles",
3. G'D'Corroghlan and .I.E.Docld' '1l"ltc ideas of partir:le ph'vii.-.s
(Caorbridgc Univcrsitv press)
4.
5.
-
Ch.4,
I
-
Sectign 6 to 9.
an introduction for
scientisrs,,,
- ChJl ,9. l0
David Grillths - 'lnrroduction to elemcnrary particles" wil.ly (1gg9.l
Baidyanath Basusu lv{ : "An inrrtxluction !o Astroplrt,sitls',
tprcnrice ltall of lndia) Relevant se(_rions of
Chaptcrs 3,4, l4 and 15.
-
t1
SE}IESTER IV
PHY 401 : SPECTROSCOPY
Electronic Spectroscopy of moleculcs : Vibrational coarse stnlcture of clectronic spectra. Vibrational
analysis of band ryrt"-*, Deslander's table, Progressions and sequences, Information de'rived from
vibrational analysis, Franck-Condon Prinrriple, , Rotational ..fine structure and the R' P and Q
(9 hours)
branches, ForUai Diagram,Dissociation Energy, Example of iodirre molecule
2. Microwave Spectrosco[y : Classification o[ rnolecules, Interaction of radiation with orcating molecules,
Rotational 3pe"t.,r,r^of AgiO diatomic molcculc, Example of CO, Sclection rule. Intensitics, The
of
Spectrum of a non rigid rofutor. Example of HF, Spectnrm of a symmetric top molscule, Example
specEa
rotatiotnl
from
derived
Infonnation
SpecuoscopyCffrCt , lnslrumenl,ati-on for Microwave
(9 hours)
oscillator
-' diatornic molecule (lvlorse
a
anharmonic
of
energy
Vibrational
:
3. Infrared Specuoscopy-of HCl, Thc Vibration Spectral Transitions and
'. Curve), fn spcctriof diatomic
Approximation, Efte*t ot
molecule, Exarnple
Rotation Spectra
ration
of HrO and COr,
Break down of Born-Oppenheimer r\pproxima
(9 hours)
Insrrumentation for lnt'raretl Spectrosttlpy
l.
4.R
Spectroscopy
In
Resonance
lattice relaxation. The Chemical shift, Instn
(12 hours)
Instrumentation for Raman
Resonance Spectroscopy :
5. Spin
-l,a.roour
Precession,
ilf'
splnSpio
coupling
Spectrqscopy of the unpaired electron. Total Hamiltonian, Fine structure, Elecuon-Nucleus
.na t yp"rfrrc structure, ESR spectrorneter
6.IMossbauer Spet:troscopy : Resorrant:e Flucrrescence of
-
(12 hours'
rays and
Y ra;-s, Re,coilless emission of ^l tcchniques
Experimental
Fe57,
of
Exarrple
Mossbauer Effcrcl Chernical shilt, Effect of magnctic ficlcl,
-
(tl hours)
Tcxt txlttk:
Ir{oleculiu structure arr{ Spectroscop}'- G Aruldas
-
Prentice Itall 9f India (2002)
-
Reference Books:
1.
2.
3.
Tala lvlcGrow Hill
C.U.g"nrrell and E.NI. McCash. 'Fundamentals of i{olecular Spectroscopy".
'(1994)
yol. I arld II, Chaprnan and Flall
iuaughan antl \valker (Erlst Spectroscopy
_
Specrroscopy
- N{cGrarv rlill
c.t t.-n*o* Introtluction to molecular
EI,ECTIVES
1
18
!
NO'I'E : A c.entre shall offer more than one paper from each of the three
clusters ELECTM I. ll and IIL Floweverr each student shall choose ONE
elective paper only from each of the three clrtsters.
ET-BCTIVE
I'HY
402
I
A ADVANCED ELECTRONICS
1.
Positional number -system, Binary nurnbcr system, Representation of
Dal.a Represenlation:
intcgcrs, Reprcsentation of real nyotbers, Binarl, arithmctic, othcr number syslenls. Character
(5 hours)
representation.
2.
Programrning
3.
a
Illicroprotessor: Organization
of
the 8085, instntt:tion set, Asserubler
Programming,.Language for wri ting algori thms, Programming examples' The Zilttg Z8O'
(lJ hours)
Nlicroprocessor Timings: Timing of Intel 8085' Tirniog of ZB0, Rcgister Organization. (5
hours)
4.
space partitioning, Ivlernory irtterfacirtg, Data
Acccss Data Translbr, Serial data transfer.
Direct
translbr.
transfer schemes, prlgrammed Data
Iltt'rfacing ilIemgry and U0 Dcvices: Aildress
(6
hours)
5.
General Purpose intcrtacing l)evices: Genr:ration o[ control signals for ntetnory and I/O
rlevices, UO Fcrrts-irrtel 8212,8155, Programrnable peripheral intert'ace-8255, Prograrnrnable
DMA r:ontroller 8257, prograrnmable cornlnunication interlhcc-S251, Programmabltl illterrupt
Controller 8259, Prograrmnablc inter'/al
hours)
6.
tirner/count*r-825-1.
(10
Special purposc intcrfacing Devices:-Arilhmi,rtic Procgsst)rs -.A,I{D 9511, Intel 8231,8232,
3OSZ, gOZgZ, ll}381, CRT Controller-8275, Programmablc flrppy disc controller-Intcl 8271,
8272A, Hard disc Controller 8295. Prograrnnrable key Bozrdrdisplay interface 82i9, Dynamic
RA;V controller-l2)Z,8203, 82A7,8205, VO Processors-8089, ICs nn6 6i1e:rrits for interfacesOpfu\{P inverter, Zero-Crossiug dctcctor, Phase shi[ter, I to V convcflrlr, Diflercntial arnpli6er.
Sgmoring amplifier, Precision rectillc.r. Over Voltage Plotcction. Optical isolator, l.DR and
Photodiodc.
7.
(14 hours)
ADCs
usirrg
7490,
circuit
I;iequency
divrder
Applications of lVlicroprocessors:
- 0800, 0808,
Delay
subrouttng,
D/A
cortversion,
using
A/D
conversion
0800
0S09, 0816, 1210 and 1211, DACs
N4AN
507/510,
FND
500i5U3,
type
cathode
cotnmolr
an<i
an<.rtle
? segrnent LED display, Cornrnrrn
oidecirnal
Display
display,
oi?
segnrent
}1AN
72
decoderVdrir,ers-1448,Intr:rfacing
A
74
antl
arrd alphanurirerir: characters. )r{icroproccssor hased protcctivc relays. Ifcasurement of tl'cqtrcncy,
Phase anglc, PoweI' Iactor, Voltagc, Currcni. Rcactancc, Tctnllerafrtre
(14 hours)
I'cxt Brnks:
1.
2.
"Inrrodr-rcr.ion to Micropnrccssors" -- 3'" Eri., A.P. Ivlathur (Tata-lv1cGraw
Hill). Chapters 2,3,5,6
'Tgnrlamentals of I\{icloproccssors and lt'licro colnpltters"- 3'r Edn,, B. Ram, Dhanapati Rai &
Sons. Chapters 7,8
Rclbrence Brxlli^s:
1.
)
3.
'Microprocessors-Architecture, Progra
m rni
n
g and Appl ications
rvi
th 8085itJ0858A", R.S. Gaonkar'
(Wile.v Eastern).
'Microprocessors and programmed klgic",
'Digital System liom
2"d
Edn., Kenncth
L' Short
( Prentice Hall India).
Gates to iv{icr<-rprr-rcessors", 2"d Edn., S.K. Bose ( Wiley Eastern)
l9
4.
"
ll{icroprocessr)rs ar)d lvlicrocornputer s}'stcro clcsign", )VI. Rafiquazzalnan (Universal Book Stall
.Ncrv Dclhi).
PHY 402 R : ADVANCITD NUCLEAIT I'}HYSICS
(1)
Nuclear Sht'Il lto<tel: Shell stnrcture arrtl uragic. rrurobers, I'he nuclear one particle potentral, spin-orbit
ternr, realistic one body potentials, Nuclear r,olurne parameter. single particls -cpectrs of cl<lsed shell + I
nuclei, Harmonic oscillator and infinite sqlrare r,vell potenl.iats in -l- dimensions, coupling of spin and -.
orbital angular rnoorentum. magnetic dipole orcment and electric quadrupolc moment. .Schmidt diagram;
Single p.rticle orhitals in deformed nucloi, perturbation treatment, asymptotic wave {'unctions, single
particle orbitals in an axially symrnetric rnodified oscillator poterrtial
(15
llours)
(2)
Nuclcar collective models: Nuclear rotational motion- rotational enetgy spectnrm and wave functions
for even-even and odd A nuclei - Nuclear momonts- collective vibrational excilations
(3)
Rotational Bands: Ihe particle rotor modcl, strong coupling- deformation aligrrment, Decoupletl bandsrotational alignment; two particle excitations and back- bending; Fast nuclear rotation- the crauking
(8 Hours)
m<ldel; Rotating harmonic oscillator
(8 Hours)
Nuclear tr=ission: The semi-empirical rlass lirrmula , The stability peninsula, nuclear fission and the
liquid drop rncxlel, sorne basic fissitlrr pherr<lnrerra, {'ission barrier .Nuclezr Fission- cross-section,
spontaneous {ission, lvlass and energy distnbution of fragrnents, Statistical rnodel of Fission
(4)
(10 tlours)
Nuclear Rcactions: Cross-sections, Ccrulornb Excitati<ln, Resonallt:es, Breit-Wigner fonnula,
Compound Nucleus lbmration, continuurn theory, statistical theory, evalx)ration probability, Heavy ion
- spec:ial features, Coulornb excilation, lieavy ion scatlering
(10 llours)
Ph-ysics
(5)
Reactor Physics: Fick's law and its validity, Diffusion equation, diffusion lertgth, Energy loss irt elastic
collision, Lethargy, l:ermi age equation- solutions and measurement nf age, Femri age theory of bare
thennal reactors. criticality , one regiorr firrite themral reactor, criticality corrdition fcrr different
geoilletries
( 10 llours)
Text Books :
l."Shapes and Shells in Nucle:r
Stnrcturi:", S.G. Nilsson'and L
Ragnarsson (Cambridge University Press,
1999; Chapters 3,4,5,6,7,8,1 l, l2
2. 'Nuclear Phl,sics-'i'heory arrd Experiment", R.It.Iloy and B.P. Nigarn (Wiley Eastent) Chapter 5,6, 6,10,11
3."lnuoductory Nuclear Physics", Sarnuel lvl. Wong ( Prentice iiall India 1996) Cttapter 7)
4."Physics tl1\u1:lei and Particles", lvlamtier arrd Slreldon Vol. ll (Ae:adernic Press)
5."lrrtroduction to Nuclear Reactor'I'heory", ts.R. Lanrarsh ( Addission-- wesley)
6. "Nuclear Physics - Experirnental and theoreticai" - li.S. flarrs, New Age International (2U01)
20
r+.-r'
PHY 402 C.: PLASN'IA PHYSICS
l.
Introductiorr to Plasma Phy'sics
Existencc of plasnra, Definition o[ Plasrna. Debyc shielding
Applications of Plasma Physics (in brief-i
2.
Single Particle motions
Urtifomt E & B fields, Non uniform B fieltl, Nurt urtilbrrn E
irn':uiants arrd
3.
applications,
lD antl 3D, Critcria for
field,'finte varying E field, Adiabatic
(8 hours)
Plasrna as F'luids
Introduction - The set of tluid equations, :Jvlaxwcll's cquations, Fluid
Fluid dritis parallel to B, The plasma approximations,
4.
plasma,
(5 hours)
drift^s perpendicular
lo B.
(7 hours)
Waves in Plasma
Waves. Group velocity, Phase velocity, Plasrna clscillati<lns, Electron Plasma Waves, Sound waves,
Ion waves, Validity of Plasma approximations. Cornparison of ion and electron waves, Elerrtrostatic
electron oscillations parallel
to B, Electrostatic ion waves perpendicular to B, The lower bybrid
frequency, Electromagnetic waves rvjl.h Bn, Cutofi.s antl Rcsonances, Electromagnotic waves parallel to
B0, Experimental consequences, H-ydnrmagnetic waves, lt{agnetosonic waves, The CtvIA diagrams
(s
hours)
5.
Equilibrium and stability
Hydro magnetic equilibrium, The concept of p. Diffusion o[ rnagnetic fietd into'otasrna, Classification
of instahility, Trvo stream instability, the gravitational instability, Resistive drift waves, the }\'eibel
(10 hours)
instability
6. Kinetir: Theory:
The meaning of f(v). Equations o[ kinetic theory, Derivation ol the fluid equations, Plasma
oscillations aod Landau damping, thc rneaning of Landau damping, Physical derivation of l-andarr
damping, Ion Landau damping, Kinctic eflbcts in a magnctic field, Enouglr assignmcnts (10 hours)
7. Inuoduction to Controlled Fusion:
I'lte problern of conuolled fusion, Ivlagrretic conllner]ents such as Tonrses, Ir{irrors, Pinches, Laser
(10 hoursi
Fusion, Plasrna headng, Fusion Tectrnology
lfext Books:
t.
J. D. Jackson. Classical Electrodynamics, Wiley Eastem. l!)78.
F. F. Chen, lnlnxiue:tion to Plasrna Ph.ysics arrd Controlled Fusion, Volurne I and II, Plelnrm Press, recent
?.
edition.
D. R. Nicholson, Introduction to Plasma Theory.
N. A. kall and A. W. Trivelpiece, Principles of Plasma Phl,sics. Ir4cGrarv-Hill, recent edition.
3.
4.
PHY 4O2D
l.
-
ADVANCED ASTITOPHYSICS
Radiative Proccss:
fhcrory of tslack Body Radiation-Photoelectric Eflbct-Prcssure of Radiation -Absorption and
Emission spectra - Doppler Effect - Zeenan Effect- Bremsstrahlung .- Synchrotr<ln Radiation (8 llorrs)
Scattenng of Iladiation - Cornptorr Effcct - and Inverse Conrpt<;n effect
Binary Stars & Purlsars;
Introduction-Yisual -Binarl'--Speclrosct-rpic Birrary--Multiplc: Stars-Origin of Binar", Suars-Ir{ass uansl-er
in close Binary s,vstcrns- Discover,v oi Pulsars - Rotating Neutron Star N{c,del-Distance and
(10 Hours)
disrribution of Pulsars - Binary Pulsars- Blat:k I-Ioles
3. Galasics:
The ivlilkyway galaxy - Kinematics of the }lrlkyway - iVlorplrology - Galactic Centre - llubble
sequence - Spiral and Irregular Galaxies and formation - Extra Galactic Distant:e scale - Cluster
(20 Hours)
Galaxies - Observation of Active Galaries
Ganrma Rav bursts
-
2t
4.-
(,lcneralRclativitl'':
Nletric Tensor artcl Cravily Gcncral Consicleratic.lts - Contlcction Betivcon 612vit] artd Geclnetri' particlc Tra.icclor.ics in Gravitational field - Ph;-sics iri ctln'cd space-time -- Cut'vaturc - Properties of
and BlackHt'lles Enorgy and rnsmcntum 'I'ensor - Scw'iuzchild tvtctric - Gravitational Collapse
(15
Cravitational Wavcs
llours)
-5. Cosmology:
Coordirtates.- Robertson-Walker
Crlsntological prirrciple - Cosmic Starrdarrj Cotrrdirtales - Eqr.rivalent
Relation Steady State
Distanctr
Vet'sus
RetlShiii
Distance
of
Ir{easures
Merric The Red Shift
(10
-
-
-
CosmologY
IIours)
Books Suggested:
Gravitation & Cosmology-Steven Weinberg- Johrt Wiley (19721ISBN: 0--471-92567-5
Press (2000)
2. Theoretical Astro physics vol 1 and 2- 'I'. Padnoanabhan- cambridge University
ISB N 0-52 1 -56240-6, A-521 -56241 4
Liniversity
3. Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei- Ajir K Keorbhavi and Jayat v Narlikar-cambridgtr
l.
:
Press ( 1999) ISBN:0-521
4. Tle
47
4'17
-9
pSysical gnivcrse, An Introduction to ,4.stronomy-F. Shu-Oxford University Press- (1982)
ISBN: 0-19-855706-x
to Cosmology - }ired Ho,"-le, Geofliey, Jayant V Narlik'ar Cambridge Llniversity
Press (2000) ISBN: 0-52 I -66223-0
ln Introduction kr AstroPhysics - BairJyanath Basu- Prentie:e HaIl India ( 19971 lStsN:81-203-
5. .{ Diffcrent Appr,ach
6.
t12l-3
7. Discovering ilre Cosmos-R.C. Bless - Univr:rsity S(rieoce Books (1990) - ISBN:0-9-15'102-67-9Narosa
g. Text Book of Astrononry and Astrophysics witb Elenrents of cosruology- v.B' Bhatia-
9.
publications (2001)ISBN:8 I -7:i 19'-339-8
N{odern Astroph,vsics - B.W. Carroll & D.A. ostille
-
Adrlison Wesley (1996) ISBN:0-201-54730-
9
ELECTTVE
II
PHY 403 A
:
1
EI,ECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION
iH**HI ['rT$',[il;*'tryil',i*!,1'*:"I[Hf"T.:(t
hours)
Z.
Osclllmcupe: Cathode ray rubes - CRT circuits
trace
-
horizontal deflection system
storage osciUoscopes
- ta-pt'ig
3.
4.
5.
6.
-
-
delay line - multiple
oscilloscope technique
vertical deflection system
oscillos ope probes and transducers
osciltoscopes
-
l0 hous)
-
frequency divider generator
function generator - wave analyzers
ynthesized signal generator
e waYe generator
-
-
-
-
(10 hours)
measurrements: counter - rireasurement of errors - extending
frequencyrangeofthecounter-automaticingcounters(6hours'
Eansducers - temperature
Ttaducers: Classification of transducers - strain gauges - displacement
scintillation detectors and
state
solid
measuremeno - pr,o,or.r,sitive devices - R rdiation detecto.s hours)
neutron counters.
instruments
receiver
radio
a
testing
Computer controlled tcst systems: Testing an audio arnplifier dig'tal control - signal
interface
488
electrical
mre
instnrmentatioi
use6 in computer controlled
(8 hours)
tirning in ..i.-pto.essor based measuremenl
Frequency end lnterval
22
\
Power cuntrol: SCR
7.
.
phase shifting
-
-
-
Connol of current in rectifiers with an inductive load
saturable reactor control
-
combined d.c. arrd phase control
-
-
triggering control by
on off pulse contrcl of the
SCR supply for d.c. motor -'speed regulation by armanue voltage and current control -annature curent limiting control of low torque a.c. motors.
O hours)
SCR
Reference:
1.
'Electronic instrumentation and Measuremenr Techniqr-res", Cooper, W.D. and Helfrick A.D., (Prentice
Hall India, 19887. Chapters 6,7,8,10,13
2.
"Intro<luction to Experimenual Nuclear Physics", singru,R.M., (wiley Eastem, 19721. Clnplrur 4
'Engineering Electronics", 2nd Edition,Ryder, J.D., McGraw Hill, 1967). Chapters 14,15
"Instrumentadon Devices and Systems",Rangan, C.S., G.R. and Mani V.S.V. (Tata-MC Graw Hill,
3.
4.
1983).
PHY 403 B : COI\TMUNICATION ELBCTRONICS
l. Amplifiers:
tJntuned power arnplillers - Class A power amplifiers, Class B Push pull amplifier.
Negative feedback unplifier, tsroad band arnplifier - Tuned RF- arrrplifiers Common base Rli
amplifier - Cascadtr amplifier - Frcquenc,v conversion and rnixers - IF amplifiers - Class C and linear
amplifiers
(8 hours)
2.
Oscillators: RC phase-shift Oscillator - Tuocd I-,C oscillator. Trrned circuit Oscillators
- stability of osr:illators - Negarive resisrance oscillators.
oscillatclrs
-
Crystal
(4
hours)
3. Arnplitude
and angle modu.lafion: Arnpli(udc modulation _- Amplitrrde modrriation and
dernodulation c:ircuits - single side hand generatiun and detccrion - SSB balanced mrx]ulator
Cotnparisolt of signal to noise ratios - I requerrc,v rnodulatiorr
Phase rnodulation - Angle
rnodulation circuits --Detection of FM signals
Fosrcr--seeley cliscriminator - Ral.io detector .- Noisrr
in F,lvI
(10 hours)
Pulse modulation and digital cornmunicalion: Elements o[ infonnation theory Pulse ransmission
- hrlse amplittrde moduJalion - Pulsc timc modulafion - Pulse co<ie rnodulation - Co<ting - Codes
Error detector and correction codes - Digital carrier s-\,stems -'l'eleprinter and telegraph lircuits
-
4.
-
-
-
5.
cornnt,nication systerns: Recei'ers - superhererodyne receiver - Aif
.
-
Radiation and antenrus: Potential furrctions
an<i the ENI field - Ra<iiation frtlrn au oscillating tlipcrle
- Radiation resistance ol a shorl dipole - Ratliation from a
quarter wave monL)pole - Diret:tivitl' - Cain and eflbctive aperture --Antenna arr:rj,,s Two element,
lintrar and binootial - Frequency indcpendc:nt ar)tenr)ae - I-og periodic anterlnae Yagi tntennae.
-
-
I
:::ffitl
Aurornaric: gai,
Communicatir-rns receivers - l;lvl rcccivers - Singlc and intlependent side hand receivers..
Trartsntitters - Telegraph trartsmitters - lL\{ lransrniLttrrs - [rM transrnitters -'l'elevision transmitters
I'IF radio sysl"ems - VI-F/LIHIi syslerns - Mit:rorvavo systems - Satellite comrnunications(l2 hours)
control
6.
P<;wer radiated by a current element
(10 hours)
Propagation
radin
of
waves:
Ground
waves
wave
propagatiol
.
- Sky
- Space waves - 'kopospheric
scattcr propagation - Extra terrestrial commurrication. Iooos;;here -.Reflcction and refraction oi
waves by the ionospherc --Attenuation
(ti hours)
Re l"erences:
l.
2.
"Electronic Communications",Roddy anrJ Coolon, J., (PHI, 1986i. Chaprers 7,8.9,10,1I,12,i8,19
'Elecrronic Cornlnunicaiion Systenrs". 4't' Editi{:rn, Kcnncrl,v, C. ancl f)avis, B. (Ir{cGraw ll;ll. 1gg2).
Chapter 6,8
3.
-
'Elcctronragnctic waves and Radiating .Sysrcms". Jorrlan E.Cl. and Balmain. K.G. (pHI, 1979t.
Chapters 10,1 t, 15. | 7
23
I
I
PHY 403 C : IVIATERIALS SCIENCE
1. Imperlbctions in Crystals:
Thennodynarnici of Schottky and Frerrkcl Dcfects, Equilibrium ournbcr of Point Defects as a frroction oi
temperarure, Interstitial Diffusion, Sell-difl'usiori, Dete.mrination of Ditfusion constant" Edge and Scrcw
Dislocations, Energy of Dislocation, Dislot:atitln motion, Dislor:ation Multiplication: Franh-Read
(8 Hours)
ruechanisrn, lVork }{arderring of lvfetals.
2..
Alloys:
Binarl, phase diagrams from Frec cnergy consitlerations. case of complete miscibility, Gibbs pha.se rule,
The lever rule, Rules,of solid solubility, Hume-Rothery Electron com6lunth, case of limited solid
(SHours)
solubility, &e Eutectic temperature.
3. Films and Surfaces
:
Stud;- of srface topogeaphy by multiple beam interferometry, Detcrmination of stcp hcight and film
thicknesses(Fizeau t'ringes.). Qlalitative ideas of surface crystallography, scanning, tunneling and atomic
lorce microscopy, Boltzmann transg)rt equation for a thin film (for diffusive scattering), Electrical
conductivity of thin hlms.
4.
(10 Hours)
Ceraruic Materials:
Silicate stnrcture, Polymorpbism, Solid solution, Non-ductile fracturc, Plastic deformation of layered
(10 Hours)
ceramics.
stnrctures, Viscous deforrnation of glass, Eler:trical properties of
5.
Polyrners:
Unsarurated hytlrocarbons, Polymer size, Additittn polymerization, Ctlpolymenzatxn,
Condensadon polynerization, Thermoplastic and thennosetting resins, Elastomers, Cross-linking,
Branching.
(E Hours)
6. Exotic Solids :
Structure and slmmetries of liquids, Liquid crystal-c and amorphous solids, Aperirxlic crystals and
quasicrystals, Fonnation and characterization ofFullerenes and tubules, Carbon nanotube based
electroiric devices, Synthesis and properties of nanostntctured materials, Experimental techniques for
(15 Hours)
characterizing nariostructured materials, Qrruttunt size effect and its applications'
Rcfercnces:
l.
2.
3.
".Solid State Physics", A.J, Dekker (Ivlacl\'lillart, 1958)
"lntrotlrrction to Solid State Physics". (-1. Kiltcl(Wilcy Eastcrn. 1977).
"Elernent-s of lr{aterials Science", L.H. Van Vlack (Atldison Wesley)
4.
5.
'?hysirrs of Thin Films", K.L.Chopra
6.
7.
8.
"MuI tiplc Beam Ioterferomctr)"', Tolansk;u
'"lran smi ssion Electron lr{icroscrtpy",'[']ttlrn as
'"I'tre Ptr,'-sics of Qrasic:r,,-suls", Ed. Steinhardt and Ostuioltd
"l-landbook of Nanostnrt:tursd lvlat(rials artcl iianotcchnoiog,v", Ed. Ilarisiltgh Nalwa
9.
'Thin Fihns", O.S.Heavens
PHY 403 D : CON'IPUTER SOFTW.'\RE A.ND APPLICATIONS
1.
Introduction: \\rhat is system solt*'art-Cornponents ol'sysLem -qotiwarc 1an analogy) -Evolution of
(8 hours)
systeln softrvare --Tlre nrotlel ol a Corttptrter s)'stcol'
24
2.
\
.{sscnrblers: Elcmcnls ttf asserrhl-v lan{urrgc ploglarnming - Ovcrview of th; asscrnbly process
Dcsign ot a Tlvo-Pass assetnblcr - A singlc pass assenrblcr tbr the IBIvf-pC Ivlacros and ,oacrn
-
'
pr'()(.CSSOrS.
(E
hours)
J'
Conlpilers : -r\spects of cornpilatiott - 'Ov(:rvio,,v of thc: conrpilation process -. prrrgrarnrnint language
Cratntnars - Scannirlg--Parsing-'storage ailoctt.iorr. Ccrrnpilirion of expression Compilatiorr
of coritrol
struclrlres - code opdrDization - Compiler u,ritirrg
(g hotrs)
-
tools
4,
Software Proces.sors tor lntcractive Environnrcnts :
Inieractivc cornptrtina and prograrn dci'eloprncnt --- lltcq:lrct(rrs Incremental compilcrs.
16 hours)
5' .l,oaders and Linkage Editors: L.oading linking and reallocation-Progranr relocauability
Overyir:w
of Iinkage editing-A linkage editor for the IBIvI PC linking for programlverlays. (g hours)
6' Sol'twarc Tools :Spectnrm of softvrarc tools-Texi erlitors-Interprctcrs and program gencrators-Debug
rnonitors-program cnvironments.
fil hnurs)
7. Operating systems : Oven'iew of opcrating s),steor iunctions. Batch processing
sy,steors-
systcots.
rVult.iprograrnminEi operating systcms _ Timc sharing
(tJ hours)
8. Processor managenrent : Jobs, Programs and proccsses-Job schcduling-Process
scheduling - process
slrtchrtlnization-Process communication-operating systern Deatllocks-Processor rnanagemelt
irr
multiprocessors .
(8
hours)
'\'rD
'
I'I'XT I}OOK:
"Sygt-ent programming antl operadng sysrem",
1993).
D M Dharntlhere (Tara Mccrarv-Ilill,
PHY 4A3 E: DIGITAL SIGNAL I,ROCESSING
1'
Signals and svstems' Classification ol'signals, Ccrncept of tiequency in crrnrinuous
tirne an<I tliscrete time signals. Theory of AID and D/A cortversion, Sarnpling of analog signals, .{ampling
theorem.
Quantiz.ation of continuous amplitude sisnals. Quantizatioi oi sinusoidai sig"nal,
-:oding of:quantizcd
samples.
(E hours)
2'
Iinear tirne-invariant systems-Tcchniques of analysis
signal into irnpulses- Response of I-,TI systems to
convolrrtion and the interconnecl.ion of LTI systems_
Sysrerns with finite durarion ' and inllnite iuration
cribed tl1, different:e equations- Recursive and non_
rccursive discrete, time systerns LTI systcms characltrrized by constant coefficienr
difference equati;ns,
Solution to lincrar constant coefficicnt difTcrence equations, The imputse response
of a I-TI recursive
s-vstcms, implernentation oidi**rctc --lime systems, correlation of'discicte-time
signals. (10 hours)
3'
The Z-transfornr. Thc Direct Z-Transftrror, The Irrversc Z-Transflonn.properties
of Z-transfomr,
Z-lrans{on
Invcrsir:,o o[Z-iranslbrms. The inverse 2-Tmnsforrn by conrour
integration, Power
Partial-frat:tion expansion, Decornposition of ntional zTransfbrms' one si
Sohrtion ol Dilference Equatirxrs, inalysis of linear tinreinvariant systems
ruo rr!
in the
rrru a-u('!r'4lll'
Z-domain.
(8
Rational
hours)
4'
Iirequency anal-vsis of c<-rnLinuous-time signals. I'he liourier Series fbr continuous
Tine periodic signals,
ontilnrouls -'Iime Aperiodic
of discrete tirne signals, 'l'he
of Periodic Signais, I-rourier
n(rc of the Fourier Transform, Energy Densir_v
cr Traostorm Lo the Z Traostorm, The Cepstnrnr,
t circle, 1'he liequency Domain cla.ssiircation of
the Fourier frarrslbmr for Disr:rel.e Tirne Signals,
25
Frequency-dontain characteristics of linear tirne-invariant systems, Linear time -invariant systems
frequency selcctivc fiItcrs. Invcrse s)-slc,ns anrl tleconvolution.
2.
as
(15 ho.urs)
5.
The Discrete Fourier transform, Relationshi;r of thc DFT to the othcr transforms. Propcrties of DFf ,
Ir{ultipalication of tlo DFTs and Circular cr-rnvr-rlution, Linear filtering methods based on thr DFT,
Filtering of long data
6.
(8 bours)
sequences, Frequertc), analysis of sigrrals using the DFT.
of thc Discrete Fourier Trarrslorrn Fast Fourier Transfcrror algorithrn, f)er:imation in Tinre
FIII' algorithrn, Decirnation in frequerrc:y I][rI' algonthm, FFT algorithn for N a contposite number,Gcncral computational considerations irr FFf algorithrns. Chirp Z-Transfonn algorithrn, Applications of
Cornputation
FFT algorithrns, Quantizarion el'[rrcts in
thc
con]purtation of
DFI.
(8 hours)
'I'cxt Ilook
i.
Digital SignalProcessing
h,v Prrrakis
& \{anolakis. Prerrtice I-Iall Iirdra -
1991
RcI'erencc llooks
1.
Digital
Sigmal Prorressing hy Oppenheinr'& Schafer, Prentii:e
Ilall lndia -1995
-1996.
PHY 403F : RADIATION PHYSICS
l.
:
Radiation source
Different types of sources, alpha, beta, &alnma. neutron and heavy ion sources, radioactive sources
nanually occurring- production of artificial isotopos, acceleraton - cyclotrons, nuclcar reactors
(10 hours)
2-
lnteractinn of radiations with matter
Electrons - classical theory of inelastic collisions with atomic electrons, energy loss per ion pair by
primary and secondary ionization. spcific energy lciss, brernsstrahlung, range erctgy relation, energy
and range straggling Heavy charged particles - stopping powBr, encrgy loss, range antl rangc - energy
Plrotoelectric
Interaction mechanism
relations. Bragg curve, specific ionization, Camma rays
absorption, Compton scattering, Pair production, garnrna ray attenuation, attenuation coefhcients,
Elastic and inelastic scattering, Neutrons - General proper[ies, fast neutron intera(1tions, slowing down
(15 hours)
and
quantities.
Dosimeters
Radiation
Llnits and
Particle flux and fluence, energy flux :rnd fluence, cross sections, lineai and rnass aburrption
coefticienls, stopping power, LET, exposure and its'rneasuremenLs, absoltled dose and its relation to
exlrcsure, Kenna, Biological et'fectiveness, Equivalent dose, Effective loss, Dosirneters, Prirnary and
and RPL), Clincal and
secondary dosimelers, Pocket dosimeter, Films,and solid dosirneter
(14 hours)
calorirnetric
,ili,
Radiatioo
- !i
Basic concept, TransExt equation, Fick's law and.diffusion equation, Boundary conditions, Analytical
solution, Slowing down theory, Resonance absorption, Criticality calculadons, Fermi age theory, Four
( t hours)
factor forrnula
Radiation shielding
-
-
3.
4.
5.
moderation
devices
transport
Shiclding factor
:
i.
for radiations; Choice of material, Primary and
(fID
sccondary radiations, Sotrrce
geomerr.v, Beta shieldirrg, Gamma shieldingl neutron shielding, Shielding requirements
6.
-
industrialandresearchfacilities Radiationhiophl'sics
for
medical,
(7 hours)
Basic corrcepts of cell biology, Eflbcts oI iorrizing radiations at rnoler:ular. srrb molecular and cellular
levels. secondary effects, frce radicals, applications in canctrr therapy. frro<l preservation, racliation and
26
steriliz.ation, Effecrs on tissues and organs, genetic effet:rs, Ivlutation and clu'omosomal aberations
i]-:-.-" - :,:i
(8
hours)
t,
2.
3.
4.
5.
Itelbrence books :
"Atomic Nucleus", R,D. Evans
"Sourcc book on Atooric Energy" - Sarnucl Giasstont:
''Ihe Physics of Radiolog-v", H.E. Jones and Clunnirrgharn, tCharle'.s C I'honras - 1989)
"Iiundamentals of radiolog)"', W.J. Ileredith and i,B. Massey (jc;hn Righr and sons - 1989)
'?rinciples of radiation shielding". A.B. Chilron (Plenrice ilall of Irrdia)
I'HY 404 A : QUANTUI,{ FIELD T}IBORY
1.
ClassicalField'I'heory
I-Ia'rnonic oscillator, The linear chain- ciassical treatn)ent, the lincar chain -. quantutn (reatrncnt. classical
field theory, Ilanriltonian tbrrnalisrn, Functional dr:rivatives
(6 hours)
Canonical quantization of non-rsladvistic fields
?.
l.agrangian and Hanriltonian for thc Schrocdingcr ficld, Quantization
NormaUzation ol Fock
3.
statcs
(4
hours)
Canonical quantization of Klein Gordon Ileld
T'he neutral Klein Gordon field Contntt!tal.iorl relation for creadon and annihilatiorr operators, Ch:rged
Kleilt - Gordon field, invariant commutation relaticns, St:alar F'er-rnan
(7 hours)
Caoonical quantization of spin Vi fields
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dcnsities for the Dirac fleld. Canonical quantization of thc Dirac f,rcld, Plane
rvave expansion of the field opemtor, Feyman propagator tor the Dimc
(7 hours)
Canonical quantization of photon field
Ivlaxwells equations, Larangian density for the Ivlarwell field, Elet:tromagnetic field in the Lorentz gauge,
-
4.
5.
7.
propagator
field
Canonical quantization
6.
of fbrrrrions and bosons.
gauge
of the fnreniz
gaugc
-
Cupta-Bleuir:r method, Canonical quantization
Coulornb
Interacting quantum fields and Quantum Electrodynamrcs
in
the
(B hours)
The interaction picture, Time evolution operator, Scattcring matrix, Wick's theorem, I.eynrnan rules for
(1fl hours)
QED, Moller scattering and Compton scattering
1'he path integral method
Path integrals in non-relativistic Quanturn lv{trchanics, Feynman patll iiltegral, Ivlultidirnensional path
intcgral, Time ordered prodrrct and n-point functions, Path intcgrals for scalar quantum fickls, The
Euclidian field theorl'. The Feynman propagator, Generating tunctional and (ireen's function, Generaring
t-unctional lbr interacting liel<ls
(12 hoursl
Text book :
'Ficld Qraotization" Greiner and Reinhardt (Spingcr-Verlag -I996)
References:
"Quantum Field rheory", Lewis H, Ryder (Carnbridge University Press -1995)
'Field Theory - A nrodern primer" - Pierre Ramond (Bcngamin - 1996)
"Quantum Field theor,v", ltzyskon and Zuber (lVlcCrarv Hill - 1989)
"Quanturn Field theor;-", Karson Huang iWiley)
l)
2\
3)
4)
PHY 404 B : EXPERIIIIENTAL TECHNIQUES
l.
Vacuunr Techoiques
Oil sealed roury- vacuum pump, tr4oleculzr purnps Turbo molecular pump, Diftusion pump, Oil
Yapour boosler pump, Sputter ion purnp, Soqptit.rn purlp, Cryo purnp, Liquid niuogen pump, Sorprion
-
27
2.
3.
traps, Baffle aod is0lation valves, magnetit: valves, acljustable valves a,rd gaskets, pirani gauge,
Penning gauge, Hot l-rlarnent ionization
(14 hours)
Accelerators
High voltage DC accelerat()rs, CascarJe generator, Electrostatic generator, Linear acceleratgr.
Cyclotron, Synchr<; cvcloEon, Ion sources, Ion implantation, Ion beam
( 10 hours)
gauge
sp-urtering
Thin films
Therrnal evaporation in vacuutn. Sputter cleposition, Clow discharge, Thickness rneasurenlent
by qrrartz
crystal monitor, Inl.cribrence mclhod, clcctrical conrluctivity oleasuremcnt. Thelrno potver, I{uiti-layer
opticai filters
(
4. cryng.ni.-"'t
Production of lorv temperature
-
liquelaction
-
secondai;,;
lo
hours)
gast:s and the roainttuao(re of low tcrnpt:ratur
temperaturrl of lhe orcler of 10-6 " K
other p
thcrntometcrs and corectioos
-
yapolf pl'essurc thernrometcrs, magnctic
.
5.
thcnlornctcrs
(15 hours)
lvlaterials Analysi.s by nuclear techniques
Rutherlbrtl backscatterirtg instruruentation
cnergy loss and stragrling kinematic factqr
dilferential scattering cross section Nucleiu reacliorr analysis
an<l ion induced X-ray
anai,vsis
principle and expelimental sct up
activation analysis principles ani
exg:r'imental
(13 hours)
-
-
T'ext Books
-
arrangrrnenl
-
- Neutron
- prJrnrr
-
-
:
l.
2.
3.
1.
- S, f)ushnrarr and .I.M. I-,after
anrl Glanc
aw Hill (i)S3)
-
John Wiley
& Sons Inc. 1962.
. Books for refercncc
1' !o* lemperatrire techniques - by F.Din anrJ A.I-{.Cocker, George New'nes Limirerj t1-ondont 1960
2. Flank Pobel - Ivfatter ancl mcthods at lo\r'temperatrlre -- springer verlag (lgg2)
3. R. Srecnivasan - Approach to absolute z.e(r - Resona,,cc ioag.Line v'oi t no 12 , vol 2 nos 2, 6 and l0
4. R. Benv, P.M. Hall and lvLT. Harris - Thin film tcchrrology I Van Nostrand (196g)
5. Dennis and Heppel - Vacuum systern design
6' A. Pipco, V. Pliskovskv, B. Korolev ancl V. Kuznetsov - Fundarnentals of \,'acuum Techniques Mir
Publishers
7. Nuclear Micro anal-ysis
-
V. Valkovic
PHY 404 C: CONDENSED MATTEIT I,HYSICS
I
'
2'
3.
Density operator aod its conelation ftrnctjons. Relation to struchrrc factor. pair correlation function,
Relation of Correlation functions to syrnmetry of the condensed phase, syrn,retry of cryshls, reciprocal
lattice and Brugg scattering, Qualitative dcscriprions of structirre of: -nernatii, cholesteric, srriectic,
hexatic and lyotropic liquid crystals: Incommcosurate structure, Quasi crystals and randool isotropic
fractals.
(9 hours)
Connection between correlation functions antl p'artition {'unction, magnetization correlation and
generalized susceptibility of a ferroruagnet, Discrete and corltinuous iynmetrics of the condensed phase,
Zt,Zpattr.J O,
(7 Hours)
lvlean field theory and phase Transition: Bragg - Williams Theory, Lhndau Theory, The Ising and nvector models. The non local susccptibility and the conelation lcngth, Examplcs oi mean lreld
transitions, 'Ihe first order nematic to isotropic transition, liicrirical glints and examples of Meta
magnets, He3-Hel mixture, Density funclional theory of liquid soli<I
(l0ggurs)
-
mcxlels.
transition.
4.
Fluctuations tlf the order paramete.r aod the breakdou,n of the order parameter, coarse graining of the
order parameter field, Flanriltonian in terms of powers of the fluctuating field, one loop appdxirnation
(6 Hours)
1c
\
5' critical tlxponcnts. ancl scaling relations,
Rcnonnalizatioo'
6'
the Kadanor'f cLllstrucrion, one dirnensional
Ising modr:1,
'{pplication*to rlobic gas atolns aclso'bcd on graphite. Momcnturn shell
rcnonralization
and e expansion
tions'
ons in
currrrl
(10 Hrrurs)
s, Kratners- Kronig rrrlation. soupcl waves
in arr
nction Ibr ttrc Oimiis;orieqration, Einstein
rlil.fusion,
l'he F-renkel K.nt'r.u,a moder ror adatrms
on a lattice.
Rr.trutin, _-d-issipati,r,
ri.n ror a kink,
Iheorem,
rr" J,'fl-$;;3on soriron,
(g tlours)
Tert Book:
l'
PHY
;:;*i:u'"t
404
D:
of Contlensed lvlflrrer of Ph.vsics-" P.x{. chaikin
& 'I'.c. Lubensky (Cambrirlge Urriversiry
CHAOS AND NoN LINEAR I,HYSICS
i
I
Syllabus to be framed later
PHI'.llH D : CHAOS .{.r\D NON LINEAR DYNAivItCS
t.
: lntegration of linear second order cqualrons b.r
quadrature. The damped oscillalor. [ntcgration of uon]inear second order eqution. Jacobi ellipric
functious. Weierstrass elliptic functrons. Periodic structure of elliptic functions. The pendulurrr
equatign. Phasc portrait of the penduluur. Phase portraits [or consen'alive svstelns. Lineirr stabiltrr
artal.r'sis. Linear stabiliry nnlris. Classillcation of hxed points. Examples of fixed point anall'sis
Linut c\cle. Tirne dependert illLeg,rals. Norr autonourous s\.steuts. The driven oscillator. Rctuarks orr
integration of differential equations. Elliptrc functions lChap I . Tabor)
I Harniltonian Dvrranrics : Lagrangian lonnulation of rnechanics. Lagrangian function and Hamillou s
Principle- Properties of the Lagrungian and generaliz.ed motnenlum. Harniltonian .lonnulatron of
utechanics. Hamilton's equatious. Cauouical transfonnalions. The presen'ation of plusc r olurne. TIrc
optirnal transfonnation- Generating function. Hantilton Jacobi equatron lor one dcgree ol freedour.
.{ction angle rariable for one dcgrec of freedonr. Integrablc Hamiltonians. Scparable s\stcms.
Properties of integrable srstenrs. E.xamples of integrable svstenrs. N,Iotion on tllc tori. Fundamenral
issucs. KAM lheoreur (Chap 2 Aud Sec .i { Tabor)
I Chaos in Hantiltonian Srstems and Arca Presen'ing lvlapprngs . Surfacc of section. Surfacc ot'
' sccliou for tuo degrees of frecdom Haurilrouraus. Thc Henon Heiles Harrultoniarr. The Toda lattice.
Surface of section as a s1'mplectic rnapping. T*ist nups- Nlappings on the plane. Connection betrrecn
arca presen'ing rnaps aud Harniltonians. The standard rnap- The langert map. Classification of fi.red
points. Poincare Birkhofffised point tlteoreur. Hornoclinic and heteroclinic points- The intersectiorrs
o[ H+ and H-uhorls and lendrils. Criteria lor local cluos. Lvapunov exponcnts. Pou'er spectra.
Criteria for onsel of widespread chaos. Ivlethod of overlapping resonances. Grcrne's method.
Statistical concepts in stronglv cluotic S'sterns. Ergodicitr'. Mising. The Baker's transfonuation and
Bernoulli $'stenrs. Heirarchies of randomness. Hamiltonian chaos in liquids. Fluid mechanicrl
background, The model s]'stem. Experimental results (Sec. {.I to -1.8 Tabor)
+. Dlnamics of Dissipative S)'stems : Dissipative svstelns and turbulence. The Navier Stokcs
cquations. The concept of turbulence - a Hamiltonian degression. Experimental obsen'ations on the
orset of turbulence. Couette florv, Ra1'leigh-- Benard convection. Landau--Hopf theon'. Hopf
bifurcation theorl. Ruelle-Taliens thcorl'. Other scermrios. Fractals. Mal,hernalical model of slranqc
attraclors. l-orenz svstenrs. Variations on tlre Lorenz model- Thc Henon ntap. Period doubling
bifurcations-Period doubling rnechanisrn-Bifurcation diagram-Behaviour be1'ortd lp- Other
5.
The Dlnantics of Drllerential equatrons
universalitr classes (Secs. 5. I to 5.5 Tabor)
Solitons : Historical background- Russel's obsenations. The F U P experiment. Discovery of thc
solution Basic properties of KdV equations. Effects of nonlineari$' and dispersion. The travcling
n'ave solution (Sec. 7.1 and7.2 Tabor)
Te.rt Book
:
"Chaos and
ReferFoses
l.
2.
3.
{.
5.
6.
Integrabili['in Nonlinear Dvnamics". M. Tabor t Wilgv . Neu'York)
:
"Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics- An Introduclion for Scientists and Engineers". R. Hilbont
(Oxford Universi Lv Press )
"Deterministic Chaos-An Introduction". H.G.Schuster (Wile-v. Nerv York)
"Chaos in Dynamical Systems", E.Ott (Cambridge Universilv Press)
"Chaotic Dlnamics-Aa Introduction". G.Baker and J.Gollub (Cambridge Universifi'Press)
"An Introduction to Chaotic Dynaruical
"Deterministic Chaos". N.Kumar
S1's1ems.
R.L.Devaner' (Beniamin-Cummings. CA)
29
\
PHY 404 E : LASERS AND IIIBI{E OI,TICS
1.
Elernents of Laser theory :
Einstein cocfficients . Evaluation of transition rates, Line broadening mechanisrns,
Lascr rate equation
f9r three-level systern, Laser
(g hours)
2. Optical Resonators
^
:
porver
'
c'f a cavity, Q srvitching, lvlocle locking, confocal Resonator, planar resonator,
.
'''
csonators using geomctr.ical
APPIications
optics
(10
hours,l -.
:
Ruby lase.r' Ileliurn--neon laser. Fbur'-lcvel soliri state lasers. CO: laser,
Dye lasers, Semic<in6uctor
Lasers, Spatial tieqttt:nt:,v filtering and holograph,v, I-,aser-indrrc.:d l"usion,'t-tarnorric
!.n"rution,
Stimrrlatcd Ratnan scattcriog. self-locr,rssing, Appllcarions in rnatcrial
(12 hours)
proccssing
4.
Oprical fibres
General, What are optical fiblcs, Inrpu.r.tance, Proiragation of Iight
waves in optic fibres, Basic
structlrre, Acceptance angle, Nrlorerical apcrlure, Modes of propagation,
Cut off paramcters, singlc
mode plopagation
(6 hours)
5. Classilicari<.rn ol'optical libres
stepped index tnorlornode fibres. disadvarrtages, gratletl intlex rnonomcr6e
ex
as
vs
al)
6.
7. Fibrc
rh
de
l-rbres, rnechiurisrn
(5 hours)
of
de, Wave cquation in srr:ppecl index fibres, flow of porver in SI
fibrcs,
(6 hours)
losscs
Attenuat'ion in optical irbres, ,A.bsorption losses, Leaky niodes, Radiation
induced losses, inherent
defect losses, inverse square law losses, core and cladding klsse.s
(6 lours)
8. Ileasurements
orr fibres
Measuretnenl of ttumerical apertule anc! its related tet'rns. rneasurement
of fibre attenuation - insertittn
loss rnethotl and by Optical time domain reJlectomctcr (OTDR).
measuremcot oi rcrfractivc inrlcx by
reflcction method antl transmitted near licld
(g hours)
techniqr_re
'
2'
I
K. Thyagarajan and A.K. Ghamk
Subir Kurnar Sarkar
-
-
I-,asers
-
Theory and applications - MacMillao
Opticat fibres and fibre optic Conrrnunicarion systenx S. Chand
& Co (200-t)
-
Reference Books:
I' A' Ghatak and K' Thyagarajan, optical Eieclronics1996
Foundation Books (Carnbridge University)
3. N. Shamra - Fibre optics in rerecomrnunicar.io,s - Tata McGrarv Hill - l9g7
4, F.G. Srnith and J.II, Thoruson. Oprics - ELtsS
2. M-J.N.Sibley - optical communicarions (Ilnrl erlition) - lv1aclVliltan lg95
-
-
30
PRC'I'ICAL
I'Hl'
- PI{AC'I'ICALS v AND vl lIOIlEltN IIHYSICS I and [[
305 anrt IIFIY 405
(At least 10 experiments to be done fronr l'art A and 2 each from each of the elective
papers selected for papers PI'IY 402, PI I]' .103 anrt PI IY 404. if no practical hav'e been
given for a particular optional paper. tvr'o more experiments from Part A should be done.
l'hose offering Advartced Illectronics as Prac(ic*l paper under Pflll306 and PI[.106 s]rall
not chose any experiments from Part B for PIIY 305 and PHY405; they should choose two
more experiments from Part A itselt'instead.,) - It lnal' be lrotecl that some experiments are
given both in Part i\ and B - of course such experiments can be tlone only once : either as
inclucled in A or in ts. At least lfi experinrents should be done,8 in each of the trvo
semesters. Internal el'aluation to be done in (he respective sernesters and marks to be
intilnated to tlre contr(,ller at the encl of each semester itself. Practical observation book to
be subnritted lo the exantiners at the lirne ol'r'iya yoc€ in each senrester. One nrark is lo be
deducted fionr internal tnarlis for etrch esperiment not done bv the student if a total of 8
experinrents are not clolre in each sernester
1,.\ti.l'
i
l.
.1.
4.
-5.
6.
t
(1.\t. (.oritrtsr pl;ticrrtt ariii siatistics ()l (()ir!!tirir-I -'lir ohruirr thc
irlatcau, olxrraling voltage and lo vcrifi
iii,l rlisirihrrti()ti la\!, srrtrsllcii It,,, tlrr- rltli()ai:\ c i-!r.(uy
,{,trsriipiioit coclliricrit irrr garnrrra rir-\s--.'!'u ilch;niriri,-'l}ie ahsorption ctrclficiont of lhe giv.rri rnritcrial fur
Cr-137 g.irrrirlA r;r1,r irritrg a G.lrl.Cor:rri.'r
Absrilpiirur cocfficicnt ior beta ra;s -Tri ti.:ii-'rrninc rhc ahs<irplirin cocfficicnt of rhc givcn maicrial for
bL'la rAi,,( lionr a Ra-D-E -c(iurce rrsing ii (i.\l.Coirnt.-.r
I':eatlter artaly'sis - End point energj' - 1o dcl-trinirie lhe erirl pr,,int energ.v of the beta particir:s frorn a
gi!r'r) SOrlrCe uSing Frralhr:r i\nal1,SiS
St:inrillatiorr cottntrlr - Tr,i calibratc thc uivt--rr,$amota ra\,(scintillatiorr) spr:ctrrtrnctcr using siandard
{a[lola s()urces artti [r) dcrtcrnr-.tirte tltc cilL'r.qY trf trn uriknown gamilta rir\,,sourcc
C<.rntpton scattering - ltl verifr'tltc lhcrrr.'ticxi L)rprcssion ftrr the cngrg)' o[ the Cornptor] scattercd
gatnrna avs at a givcn artgle using a Scirriillirtir>n giro)ora specrrornoter/ dctcrrnine rhe rcsr rnass crrcrgl,of
thc electron
7
.
8.
9.
10.
n.
t2.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
1ti.
i\bsorption spdctrutn uf K.NlnOr artd i: ,'l'u clctcrririrrr-: the wavelengths of the absorplion banris ftir l(\lrrO+
solul.itln and to tltermine the dissociatioir cner{}' o[ krdinc' moleuulc by measurenrents ()n itr: absorpti<tn
spectrurn ( either by taking photograph nr urhcnvise)
liall cfltrct in scrniconduclDrs - To dctcrrnirro th(: carrier' (roncentt.al.ion in thr: givr:n specime0 of
s(rrni('onducting marcrial lry mcaos o1'tirr: Hall ctlcct.
Zener voltagc characterislics at low and arnbient ternperaturcs - 1'o study the l,ariation o[ thc Zener
v<lltagrr u[ tlre gil'e Zener diode with ternporiitur.r
Ultrasonic interferlrnoter.--velcrcit),oisuuncl il liquids - To deterrnine thc velocit,v of ultra sonic waros
in tltc gir.en li<1uici
Dctcrorination o[ baod Bap cnergy in Si and Gc
Contluctivity, Reilcctivity, sheet resistarrce irnd rciiactive indcrr ol thin fihns
Ir{illikan's oil dlrp ntL:thod - 'l'o nteasure the charge on tlrt: electrorr. b.1, ureans of the lr{illikrrn's oil tirop
apparatus
Thotnson's e/tn rlcasttrcmcnt
method using a CRT
'l'hcrmionitr work furtctiort
-
To dctcrniinc thr: chargc to tnass ralio of the elecuon by Thomson's
- 'Io detenlirrtr lhur ttrt'rrnitlrric u,ork lilnction of the rnaterial of thc cathorie <lt
lhe givcn \/acuur)t diodt:/iliodtr from thc citirractcristics al <iiflfertrnt filarnent currents
Optical flbre characlcristics - To dctr-ralirrc thc nr:rncrical alrerlure, attenuation and banil rvidth ol tlrc
given optical Iibre spccimen
Fiartk-llertz c.xperirncnt -'l'o rneasuro thc critical ionizatiorr pxrtelrtials of tr{ercury b-v rlrarving currenI
vs. applied voltage in a dischargc tub<:
Fabry Pcrot ctaiort - l)clcnnioation of ',i'avr)lrl,igtir arid thickncss o[ air film
31
\
t9.
s
Barlclgapeneryo[Gcbyfotrrprrrbetnethocl_Ttlsttrtlybrrlkresistanceanddeterminethebarrcgap
wavelength tl{. ernission'
20'
characr,eristics _ Dctenninatirln <rl
vs' applied voltage
eurpearture, variatiort o[ otrrput p(rwet
21.
ltecr
-
Derermi,arion or ptancf]r
."^rirriiwhire
I_V characteristics and
lig-hr antl filters or I-.F'Ds
of different
by
the porosity of the given sarnple of brick
saruPles
-tti* irt air and inside water
tn
.,,r;*ion spectrtlnt of tlre given substance
pt
22.
23.
copper anrt itlentity the spectral lines
24.
25.
26.
J-1.
Rydberg collstanl dctr:rnrination
IIi spectmm - identification
constanl
wzri'elettgtlt, VSWR' attenuation' dielectric
Nlicrorvave .*perirr*nii'-'D.t..,ninrtiun trf
Iorric r:ondtrctivitY - KCI NaCl
Zeematt el[cct
IR sprrctrum - identiflcation
Raman spectntm
34.
NIr4R spectnttrt
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
/
PAITT It
1.
Sinrplcr tcmpcratlire contr()l circuit
2.
J.
Puls'': modttlatir'in
'+.
5.
6. BinarY rnultiPiier
sing diode niatrir
u.
turc)
stivitY of metals
prt)pertres
arion of srructural, electric:al and optical
l.
2.
_1.
CUTYES
4.
5.
6.
't.
8.
9.
10.
11.
T'lrenno etnf of bulk sanrpies (AUCut
I resonan(re
- Y ot a mctal beaor
(
titaoatc)
a fcrro eleclric rnatcrial Barium
tlielectric constant with tempcraturc 0l
rvitlt contposltlon
rnert - variati<ln of magnetic properties
1.
n
_1.
4.
5.
6.
Stud;- ol crystal detcctor
,7,
L-C transrnissiorl li rte ctrar:rcteristic
8.
9.
Tuned RF anrplilter
Scely discrimirtators
32
t0.
t1.
I
t2'
l.]
r\lv{ rranslnittcr
Rarliation frorr dipo[: antenoil
Optical Iihrc charactt'ristics
(Nurncrit:irl aperl trrc, iltte rltlation and hirnd wi dth )
Opricrl fced back circtrit
(Fccdback factor, P,ain and frequcncY rcspotlsi)
IV
A
a,
'I'o
detcrrnine ihe half lilb of In-1 16 by inatliation of
Indiurn - rhermal nerrrron absorplion c<-rtrtttcr
a
CM
using
ctrtrrrting
loil
and
beta
In
Alpha spectroo)ct(r'- To calibrate the givcn alpha spectroolct(:t'and deteroline the resoltltiort
photoclecuic cifcct in lcad - To gct 'rhc spcclrurn of X ra,vs corittcd (brm lcad target b]' photo elcctt'ic
eflect using Cs-137 garnmas
lrrlrcr hrerr]ssrrahlurrg - 1'tr stutly tlrc ilrtensity spcctnrlTr if inner brernsstrahlung frcrn givett garnma
5.
Coinciticncc circuiis
l.
2.
3.
Half litb
<.rl
s0ur('e
6.
8.
- To constn;ct and slrrrjv ihc pcrlr]roiancc of scries andparallel coincidoicc circtrits
to
dctcrmiltt: ihc rcsolvins tilnc
anrl
rusing transislttt's
anal,yzcr
el
chanp
Singie
- Stutll' oi' chiuactt'ristics <-rl a SCA rrsirrg precisirin pulscr
Ionisariorr charnber - Stu<i.v of varitttir;ir t'f fiulse treistrt \\'itll appiied voltage and to oLttaing the pulse
hcight spcctn.ttn of X-tn','5
plltortirnai c()lrntcr.- Srud1, ol'r,ariatiriri rii prrlsc irci.uht with applicd voltagc and to obtaining thc pulse
IrL'igllt :lpcctnrm ol )r-rays
9.
Irrrcl< detcclor
-
tratk diarneter tlistributiol --'l'u Inoasttre
tlack tlctectoc
10.
11.
L
2.
3.
1.
5.
(t.
.
E.
g.
10.
1
Bcta
ra,",
spcclrotncicr
-
R,vdbcrg constallt --h;-drogc:rt spt:ctnlln
F.SR l-andc g lactor
lR spectrurn trf i'erv samPles
Vacuurn ptrnlp
Vacuum pltmp
-
PumPing sPeed
Elfect of t:onnecting pt[rcs
AbsorPlion bands ci Iodine
Vibrational bands ol AIO
Pirani gauge
-
characterislics
Thin fiims - electrical propcrties (sheel rc:sistance)
Thin films - optical p.op"rtl.* lRefleclivirr,. transtlrission, att(rnuatiol. refracrivc index)
1.
Strairr gaugo
Sirnple sen,omtlchanism
A
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
ll.
the alpha Lracks irl CR--]9
Tr-i;rlttr Ihe nrolir,.:itirtn-r riistribrrtitrn of bcta particlcs Il'om given bcta sorrrr:cs
ELECTRONIC IN STRU}VIENTATION
-1.
cf
'Io ricterniine thc range of alpha particles liom Am-241
Rang.'Lf alpla particles iri air and mi'lar ,u,,a* irr air :gtd in m1.lar uslng cithcr a sur1e,-(j barrier deLector r;r a C.lvf c()utltei
VI
2.
tftc: diarrteti-rrs
Tclnperature cotttrol
Coincidence circuits
Nlultiplexer
IF.EE 488 Electrical interlace
Single chanuel attalYzcr
Di i'fercntial voltmr-.tcr
Iirequencl' synthcsizcr
-
Signel generat()r
- characteristics
--' power control
Siiicon cuntrol led recti fier
Silicon controlltrd rectillcr
\
J-',)
!
PHY 306 anrt HlttY 406 - I,RACTICALS
o
VI AND VIII
EITHER oF THF, FoLLo\,viNG'f.,vo (EITHEI{ ADVz\NCED
Er-ECTRONTCS OR COMPUTER PROCRAT\{NrrNG TFORTAN & Cl )
L
ADVANCI]D ELECTRONICS I an<ii.
(Sixteen expcrimt'nts to bc carried out: eigi:i irl ihc third semester and eight
-scnlester)
"',,
in the
tourth
voltage regui
<t ,otJg..,
tcristics & road regulation)
Precision rect
ll wav,:l f,
\,rilt rutge using OpAlIpS
r\stable and n
using OI
lhe frrquency of astablcr with fheoritical
vahre.r,erily the rnolrostable operirl,itin and dcrerrllinc tl\.';g[1;r; ividrh )
UJT controllcd iiiP. relayfind rhc 11 valuc of Lr.iT rrsiri; {lRO. C-omparc the calcrrl:atcd dela,v' with the
erperintt:rttal valtrt'. lbr differertt R - C valLres)
Lcgarithmic arnpiificr using OPAh4PS(cornpalc tirc r,i\..rrt r';illi rheorctical v2ly6;
Birialy cc;unlcr usiiig digital iC (r:irorv that thc iCl hchavcs iis ij i-itc. hiilary
Acii'vd naroiry'br"i d'I'anil rejcct )ltcrs: using OPA-ivli)r.r,:p..el,i.rti graphicatll'the Iilter characreristics
[rt;r:r,trperiu:enta! ti 'ia a- ti con)iiare rt with theorc'tical r,,ahrr')
unting chuacreirptics & rcprcsent the outpur rrave lilrm
1.
2.
a
J.
4.
,
5.
6.
7.
A con'.:rrer ani! eonv:erl
;11e gi)ite..lr
IC
i
courlrer t:sii)g digital
lc7'tQo
&It'7402
anloq signal to digital
-\.1)n(ritah,,.r, construct ii pable multivibratoi fitr difl'erent
i,.-st:rr)le tcrr Crfferent Il C
\,iiirres &nteasure pulse widthl
u'ith ilasic tncnlory units i
16.
li,
IC 74155
ting
t' /
.:sirtg),. t5
rrsing 801t5 Kr I
,Gcrrcrati
Program
Ii{ulti by'
Jr{easure
-
i
Basic ringle
[1ti
arithnrcric
(
ad(lition. sublractign, rnultiplication anrl
tl; using 8()l
[,'
r: it
r.rl numher.. ir: asce;r.litrg and tiescending
order
lbraction
11 ,sing nticrol,'s.'11:s5s1'
I\,Ieasrtrcmcnt of i,c. li irl i.: lad cun:etr t rrsi rr I ar c rc f rircessor
Code conversiori.usirtl ti'_tital lCs (Binu-r ,,r tstl), BCD Lo biriary, BCD to 1g's c<.rmplement)
lvl<;nostable usinglr/ltt2l /74122 - R: lr:iggerabte & Non re tiiggerable
i
24.
Rel'erenceBorks,
l.
,,
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
:
l,l
li
':
t,
l_f
,6inq -- Advanced Practrt,,r! Phy,,sics tbr s urlents -- Metlnrsen & Co fl 95C)
E.V. Smith - Man'ru[ltCxireriments in applied riirvsic.s - Burrenryorlh (.lg7})
Pltysics - N{odcrrn rr.:r:thor.is - rlxlbrd University Press (1988)
R.A. Dunlap of experimental Plrr','cs - se,ri('s of ljolurnes,-.Ac:ademic press Inc (19gg)
D. Malacara (ed) falrrino'Basit: F-let:trcnis - A Texr Book N{anuai - naii--f, iJir-r'irqS:l
Paul B. Zbar and/i
rciniCs - A textlab rnan ral -.Tir.ta lr{cGravr Hill fi992)
A.P. Malvino -7
R. tsogari'anti r- i::fivtt -Experi'ihents
Ior e:it'ct olric dc.,icos and circuits - Msni[ Interna.tonal :;cries
,tr
B.I-,. Worsnop antl
(1985) ''
.,
Buchla --Dig.i.Al t:i:rprirnenrs
Jag<iish
-
lvfen-ill Inrt:rnatroirel scries ( l9g4t
Yao p-'liif,car Physics Expcrimchrs - Nerv Apc Inicrnational
:'r;:i,'
12001.1
34
.
II.
\
COIV1P[]'I'EII PROGRAI\IN,IINC
I'I{Y 306 F'OR'I'ITAN T..ANGI]AGII
(All experirnents in part A to be done onll'for familiarization. At least 8 programs to be
done from Part Ii; 4 in the Illrd sernester and rernaining 4 in tVth senrester)
Note : Wherel'et'possiblc, a.rra,vs nrust be used. Suhroutines/ frunction suhprogrants also must be
used ivherever required /'possible. Prograrns shoukl be general, rvith a possibility to carry out
the calculations lor more than one data sct. No graphical outputs required.
PART A
l.
:
('I'o be done tbr tamiliarizaLion only,)
Solution of quadratit: e<luation
For obtaining the real,/irnaginary roots ol a quaclratic equation for various sets of values of the coefficients
Finding largest and smallest of a given sct o[ nutnl)clrr
Arranging rrumbcrs in ascending and desccndirr{ or<Ier
L)crlsrn1ir,1,r, rnean and standard deviatiorr
Ranking of students in cxalnination
2.
3.
1.
5.
PART B
l.
2.
3,
4.
1At lcast E to bc ilonel
Diflcre nce tables
lttterpolatitlrt : To irrtcqlolate the i'alrrc of
L,rrast Squiurr
-5.
6.
1.
IJ.
9.
:
zr
[uriction using Lagrange irrterpolating polynornial
fitti0g :Tr, c,btairr thc slopc, and intcrccpL [ri, Iinr:arLSF
Evaluation of polynomials - Bcssel and I-,cgcndrc frrnctitus : Using thc serics cxpansion and rccurrcnce
rclations
First dc:rivative t)[ a tlbrrlatetl fulrction by difl'ert:nce tables
Nutnerical ir)togiation : By usirrg Tiapcr:oi<!aI tleilic,d and Simpson's rnethod
Strlution of algchraic and trartsccndcntal cquatiorrs -- Ncri,ton Raphson nrcthod, minimum of a trrnction
I\'latrix zrddition, multiplication. tr:rce, trensp(,sc and inverse, eigen value problem
Iaylor series evaluatiorr : 'Io obtain tlrr-' r,alrres of sin(x), ccrstr), log(x) and exp(x1 by'faylor series
c,(l)a!lslo0
l(.). Solution ol first ordcr dilfercntial equatiorr -. Rurrgc Kuua mcthod
I L lr{onte Carlo rnethod : Detenninatiorr of thc value of x b-}, using rardom nurnbers
12. Ortlina4, borrndary valuc problcm
13. Operations rvith a data ille : 'Io open, r!'ad, writo and close data tiles
PIIY
406 C I-ANGUAfjE
BASIC SMI-iL.A'I'IONS IN PIIYSICSi
(At least 8 programs to be done: 4 in the IIIrd semester and remaining 4 in IVth sernester)
Note : ..\ll simulation programs should give graphical outputs. The calculated numerical
results also should be output in the graphics screen. llhe TURBO C package (Windows) or
Linux can be used for generating and compiling the source code and to generate the
execulable code. The built in graphics can be used. lYherever pOssible, the randorn number
generator can be used. For numerical integrations and solution of differential equations,
Sirnpson's rnethod, Runge Kutta method and l\Iihre's nrethod can be used. Generation of
the graphics plots should not be done purely by using the final analytical expressions alone.
l.
2.
.Stud;" of molioo of a particle irr a ccntral iorcc field by cornputcr cx;relimcnt
To plot the trajectory' o[ a particle rnovirrg in a C'oulornb 6cld (Rutherf<rrd scattering) and to determine
the dcflectit-ur angla as a function of the irrrpact pirnrncler
Sturly olscattcring oIa heavy ion by a realistic rrur-leus b-v cornputer experirncnt
t
f'j
35
' "-:
3.
rtl
To plot the trajeclory oL a heavl, ion in thc t-onrbirtr.rrj Cuulonrb and nuclcar pLltet)tiai of a realisric nficl.:ui
and dctcrnrine thc anglc of scattering fbr ciilcrcnt impacL Jlaralneters
rpuler cxpcrirnent
rnd thc sun arrd to verifr- I(epler's laws llogl'vs log a piots and
ofplancts. scrni ma-lor axis an<l ec(rentricity of orbit to be provided,
4.
Io plot lhe momentum vs x plots for
i)
iii)
5.
the ltrllowing syslems
sirnple pendulurn,r
a noo linear case ( coupled pen<lulurns)
a cortsen'aLive case
(.
ii)
:
a dissipative case ( danrped
pendulunl
Simulation oithc rvavc funcrion for a particlc in a box
To pl<lr rhe wavcr firnctiurr arrd prohahility deosity <;i a particle in a bor; Schrocdinglr equation to
(t.
i.
8.
10.
1 l.
12.
13.
14.
:
'l'cxt Books
:
"i\,fastcring Turlrc C", Sran Kcllcl,Bootlc, BPB Publicatir_rirs, Ncrv f)elhi
''Coniputational Phvsic-q - an introtftrcti()n". R.C.Varnia, P.h..Ahluwalia antl K.C.Sharma, Ncrr Age
l.
').
Irrtematirrrral Publislrers
"Con)puter Prr-rgrarlrrning in FORTRAN i?" - By v. Rajararnan, - Prenticc I{ali of India
Proeramrning in C - \r. Rajaranran
Gottliied - Programming in C (Schaurn's serics')
E.W. -Schrnid, C. Spitz and W. Losch -lheoretic:il Physics On the PC - Sprirrger Verlag (19ti8)
J.l-1. Rit:e.- Nurnerical rnrrrhocls- solrrvarc anrl analysis - l{c Craw iJill (l9g3r
H. Gorrld, J. Tobochnik .- ,A.n inu'o(firclioo to coorputer simulation rncthods Applications to physical
s-ysterns -Parts I & 2 : Addison Wesley (198u)
P.K.N{cKcown and D.J. Nervrnan - Conrputatirrnal lechniqur:s irr Physics - A<Jarn I-Iilger (19?,':1
3.
+.
'!
6.
7.
8.
-
9.
Rcfbrence Book
sons
bL1
solved - energy of lhe levels to be assurned
.''
Sr:alteriog e-rf a wavc packct
To plot thc time clcvclopment of a rvat,c ;rackct in scatterins froor a given po.fe:r.ial (porcntial hill and
well) by solving Schroedinger equatiorr
Sintrl:rlitlrt of a tg'o slil. photon interfcrerice errpurinrcnt:'I'o plot the light intensit.l, as a firnctiorr ol'
disuutce along the screrrrt kept at a distilnce liorn the trvo slit arrangeroellt
CompuLrtion of lraosnlission coetficient for a barrici oi diffcrenr shapes Tc plot rhe transorission
cocfficicnts as futtctions of incident energy lirr a square banier. an invertcd Gaussian and an invertcd
parabolic barrier hy, solution of Schroedinger equ0tron
Sirnulation of Lennard Jones potential, binriing parailloters, elastic constants : 'I'o plot thc atlractive and
repulsive parts of the potential ftrr varitius valucs o[ paraorctors
Conrpuler simulations oi snrall oscillations in simplc rnrilcculcs : Triatomic molcculc for various lrcrrd
coilslailts
Cornpltter simulations of 1D-2D lattice vibratiorrs : To plor lhc <lispcrsion relations ( ur vs k)
Cr.rnrpute r sjmulation o[ random walk irr ooc an<i higher dirnensions
1\r plot the trajectory of a parlicle urrdergoin-u random mor.ion in one and two <iirnensigns urrtler the
int'luenctr of a force and to t:alcuiate the otean s(luare distance.
Study of distribution on N piuticles in lvl energy lc:vels fur particles obeying rhe three shrisrics ar
dil fcr cnt tcmperatut cs
Cornpulatiort of 'ririal coclllcienls {'or a gi'"'cn potential
Calculatiolr of al antl a2: Jx)tential plots (
' rnrtrrcrical irrtcsrrrtiolr )
:
9.
-
.
'Consortium for Upper level Physics Software(ClPSt"
1995
- by B. llawkins, R.S.Johns - John Wiley and
.
:
Fly UP