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U I[ - sc[
U
ITY 0F L,u L I[
(Abstract)
Ui{ IVERS
-
[rT
Impliment:, tion of Revised sc[ :me and sy]Iabu: fer 14.Sc.
physics et fec tive from 94 admission-sanctionecj-orders issued.
IJT 5[CTIIIN
Dated: 16-11-1994.
GENERAL AND ACADEM]T BRAI\jCH
a
GAr
/J1 /6752/92
Read:-
1.
2.
Minutes of the meetincl of the Eoard of
studies in physics (pG) helcj cn 24-6-g4.
Minutes of the Faculty cf Science held
on 24-8-94.
-q_B-!!-r
The Board of Studies in
(pG) at its meeting
herd on 24-5-94 has rriscL'ssed'.physics
and uppraved the ruvi=ua
scheme anc sylrabus for M.sc. degiee course in prrysics and
dttaEi# to implement the same vJ.e.f . c,,4 acimissic,i.
I
The Facufty of science at its meetinq hcld cn 2,i-B-g4
and syrl-abus with scme mod:Lfication in
aJ--,-'r'oved the scheme
the scheme.
The Vice-Chancel_.1-or efter consiCerinq the matters has
approved the reccmmenciation cf the facu-Ity exercjsinq
the
powers of the Academic Lcuncii.
San ction is theref cre accc_,rCed f or the implimentation
of modifieC scheme and
=yl--l_abus for lll.Sc. F'l-rvl;ics course
with ef f ec c f rom a,a admiss
irn.
0rders are issued accordingly.
Revised sclreme and syJlabus cf the course .is appended.
3d/_
REGISTRAR
To
1.
2.
-opy
1.
-n
J.
The Pr:ncipals cf LelIeges having lri.Sc. physics.
The Head ef Department of Physics, Uniuersity of CaIicut.
to:
The C.E.
2. University Infermaticn Centres
ivers i-ty Library,, Enqr-iry.
G&A I IFI 5ecticn/SF /rE.
Un
Fcrryardecl
c4
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\,../
-''r'-{
SELTION
\
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\-
kks/181194.
/ny Order
OFF
ICER.
r
UIf,IVTftSITY- OEI CJiLICU?
ilr . S c . D egi a o "i ri"?nis f c s
scrlTrir cF 1-lilt,ririi.nTrcN ( loo+ .rlDii{rssrDN
Titlc of
papors
fu..
Thaor
tr-i;r,.rLt}s}
Uur ation
l9x iuni rrat i
htctxmi rtrrm
[Lar ks
Sc. ( 1)B-nVIuUS)
). :-
T1 : Unit
I Iliathcmatical plr; sics -I
Uui.t If Statistical Bhlsics
T2 : Unit f-CI assi cal Mrochanies
Uuit If-Quarrtum Mochanis -I
T3 : Unit f-SoIid State phy sics
Unit ff-TI eetr ouies
T4 : Uni+- f -NueI aar Pli5 si cs
Uni t II-Particla l,Il5 sics and
50
irr s.
3
lrr s.
50
5C
50
50
3 hrs.
50
50
Astr o nh5.si cs
5D
Brse!1ssIi
Pl : Gonoral Physics
I
klicr irnontal Fr o.i ect
20
(lan
(Non-Eloctrouics)
rJ
. Pr oj
YZ : EIeetronies
Notosr/
ect ltopor
+80
3 hrs.
t)
6 lus.
20
(Lalr notas)
+80
Viva-Voec
50
Tot al
_
6 lus.
65C
=::=::
Sc. ( plr\Ai,)
: Uuit I Mathamatieal physics Il
60
Unit Il-Quantum Mecharrics -II
60
: BloetroC.S.uamics & Cptics
L20
Optional PaDcrs (Crro oach from TZrTg aud T9)
: (a) ./itlvarrcad Tloetronles
(ir) 4rirraneod Nueloar l,hysics
(c) ila<Iiation ph5sics
120
: (a) Eloctronics Irrstrumontation
( n) Coninurrieation Eleetronics
( c) ldat cr i al Sei eue e
( d) Conput er Sof tuar sf,/rpi)1i c at i ous
t20
nt.
NE
L(,
T6
T7
T9
3 }us.
I]
:!
Irr s.
irr s.
3 hrs.
of
on
1l
-{
f'l
Tg ,
d
a) adl,auccrl Quantum i\iociiauics
( b) Expcr imcntal ?ccirui ir r-ros
(
pir;.sics
") Coutloused i\tattor
(
r.zJ
3
lrr s.
Fr act i cal_ :
ii']3
: Moaoru pirysics
Z} (i,au
No
t es)
+BO
1'-1.
: rirlvarreeri flectroliics
6 lus.
20
OI
Computar progr a.rmi ug
(Latr Notcd)
+8C
Viva-Voco
=
antl Total
_-1:=
of Questign-_pgii5
-E-82===
=======.-=====_===.=;:=
Eaeh quostiou ilapor rvirr eorrsist of port r and part
eorrosp tttiltlg to Unit I and Unit II, rosiroctil,cli.. Eactr
tur u wirl be tlividc<l into scction ri antl scetiou I].
Scctiou 4
3
Seetion IJ i
s.
150D
==========================__
Patter n
}rr
5C
Tot al
Gr
6
:=====__=
rr
part ip
5 short arrsncr quostions of wtli-cil B are to bo
ansrror erl. ?acli quostiorl wilI carr). 6 mar j.rs.
2 quostious rvith i,ter,o1 crroicc (cithcr or tr?e)
oaeh eilrrying 16 marks.
Lalt. Notes /Froj
act Jleoor t .
Tha stttttottts aro raquirecl to maintaill a reeortt of aI_l_ tiloir
irracti.car lror,.i, of oach rtra) Lf *orir to bc siguotl jt,E), uy aal. by
tLrc super'.risi trg teachcr , onrl siroirlri ]:e rrr osonteri at ti:e
oxanli ltatiott f ot evnltiation. Tho notiugs shoulrl i nclridrc tlre
obset'uations, calculatod restrlts aircl error anal5 sis, rvhetcrrcr
flDi)Iieatlc. fll eomnttter ilrograiimittg, tlte rocorrls slonid. irrelnc'lo
t'c i:rint outs of ttro irrograiures and thc rcsurts. Thc test
shnll cotlsist of writing nncl r'.rlrrring fl Basic arrd a Inortrarr
Drogriarl orr tho eonnpnter termirra].. T]re pr,oject rei:ort sltall
inc.r-utto Cetails of the tlcsigu su1il.lcrtetl b5. caIeuI atiops apri
draltiilrg aud c;rialttitativc restrlts obtainorl in t;te nork.
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Cantiitlons of rflss:
4s ,ol u.c.No. ei/ns/r546/g,r dt. i.B-o?-g3, trrc
cxisti.g eommo,
Facurty (of scierrco) ilatterrr of ini,imum marhs
rcq*irod
Distiuction, r class, aud rr orass aucl tirc conttltioirs for
of pass
nlrtl improl,oment
shall eoutirruo.
Stttclorrtr s Sttrrls Foiry
c
Tha Boar d r caf f irmcd trro r esoruti.u orr
trra subj ect of
sttrd ottt I s stud5 Tottt arlollt ctl nt tho
1loar tr of studi os Iv{oot rrg
i
of
12-01-1993 ( rtom No-4) ttTho Boarcl Rasorvcrl
gt*cl5.Tour
that
(rrisits eoveritlg rDstitutiorrs of trighor
lcarnipg a,d resenrch
i tt tlre ar oa of pir5 si es/ AL)IlLi orl Pir5 s ics/ Engi
ucer i,g) sriould ,o
a part of tirc e.rr ieui_um at tirc ivi. so. (Finar)
rc,or. SQCh
stutlerrt ma5 bo r oqu ir od to sul:mit a i?c,or
t ( attostoa i:), tira
i'Ioad ot trro Departueut) t-it trro time
of viva-voee, ou a sttrci5.
Tour urrdortalren b5 him cluring tlie Course.
Tho Boarel aLso
r esolvctl tlrat this provisiorr ma5'
i:o implono'torl fioui tr_ie
aear!onie )'oar lggg_ rg-lr.
Ir
es a/
tt/ rt.
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{.i
M.sc Desree *
II :
;t,
t!Iii;;":eg4
Admission (Detailed
MATHEiI'IAT]CAL PHYSICS AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS
Unit I :
I,IATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
1.
Vectof and Tenso{ qlJa-lysis : Definitlons, Rotation of Coordinates, Curvillnear co-ordinates. Rectangular spherical
and cylindrical co-ordinates, Definition of tensors, Contraction,
Dlrect products, Psuedetensors, Spherical tensor:s.
2.
qf Cpqpt..gx_varlable : Cauchy-Reirnann conditions,
cauchys integral theorem and integral formul-a, Laurent expansion, Conformal mapping, Singularlties, Calculus of residues
Eq4c]Efqns
and appllcatlons.
3.
Partial differential equation of physics, Separation of varj-abl-es 0rdinary series sol-ution, Frobenius method. A second
sol-ution, Nonhomogenous equatJ-on, Greens function, Numerical
sol-ution, Self-adjoint dlffererrtial- equatlon, Hermltian
operations, Schmldt orthogonalisation, Completeness of
functions.
3.
Speciql funqtiq4rl:
Gamma
& Beta function, Bessel functi-ons,
of the first kind, Generating functj-on,
Orthogonality, Neumann function; Bessel functions of the
second kind, Hankel functions, Spherical Bessel- functions,
Bessel fr:nction
hsymptotic expanslons. Legendre polynomlnal-s, Gen€rating
function. Recurrence relation, Rodrj-gues formul-a, OrthogonaIity, Associated Legendre poJ-ynomials, Spherical- harmonics,
Herrnite and Laguerre pollmomials.
4.
Fourier series :Fourler and Laplace transforms, General
properties Uses of Fourier serles, Gibbs phenomenon.
NKL/11/11
d its inverse transforms,
Transform of the deri-vatives, Convolution theorem, mornentum
representation, Laplace transform, Laplace transform of derivatives, Convolution theorem and inverse Laplace transforrns.
Text Books:
1. G.Arfken: Mathematical Mettrods for Physicists(Acaogmic press)
2. J.Mathews & R.walker: Ir4athemati-cal Methoos for physics:
Bengamin.
\-a
-2UNT.T II
:
ho
STAT1STICAL PFrySTCS
.o
1- ttre perfect
; The defini_tions of perfect
gas, partition"fassic
functi_on, validity criterion for the
classical regime, Equation. of state, Heat capacity, Entropy,
Maxvrell- velocitlz dlstribution, Real oases,
classical
statj'stj-car- mechanics, Equipartition of energry.
.Olru.rar*
2.
statistics,
function.
partition
3' Bl-ack - Bodv radiation : The partiti-on function for
photons, Planckrs 1aw, Derivation, properties of bl_ack_
body radiation, Thermodynamics of bla.ck body radiation.
4- The perfect .Iuanta] qass rr : The partiatiorr, function,
fr Free eleetron model of metals, Fermi__Dirac distribrrrion
Electronic heat capacity of metals, Bose Elnstein
condensatj_on.
5.
: The grand
partition function, perfect classical gasr perfect quantal
gdsr Fluctuati_ons in perfect quantal qas.
Text
Books:
1- F- Mandle c stati-sticar qfrvsics (nr-es & John wirey)
2. Kersan Huang s Statistical physics.
T2 c
CLASSICAL MECHANICS A]nD QuaNTUM MECHAN]CS I
Unlt I :
CEASSICAL MECHANICS
1. Laqranqian formurations : coastraEttsp Generalized
co - ordinates. DrAlembertts princj_p1e, LaErrangers
equations, velocity dependent potentiars. Variationa]
princj-p1e, Hamiltonts principle, Lagrangers equations from
Hamiltonts principle, Symmetries and conservation lar
Qrclic coordinates..
2. Central Force problem : Equlvalent one-body problem, ldotioi-r
in a central force fieId, Motion in an j-nverse square Iaw
force fieId. Eguation of, orbitr, Keprerts r-avrs of pranetary
motion, scattering proeess, crrcss section, Rutherford
formula, Laboratory ancl centre,of mass systems.
..cc..".""3
r-t
-33.
Mo!'lon of a ri-qid bodv: Etrrerrs theorem, Angular mcmentrmr\,
Klnetic energry, rnertla tehsor, Eu1er&s eg,ation of motion,
Torgr:e free motion, Eulerian angles, Motion c:f. a
heavy
symmetfic top with one poj_nt fixed.
4.
Hanliltonlan formurati-ons: Hami-lton r s egr-ration of motlon,
canonical transformations, polnson Brackets, Jacobi
ldentity, Lagrrange brackets, rnfin''.tesimar transformations.
R
Hamilton - .Tacobi Theorv : Hami_lton _ jacobi eguations,
Separation of varj-ab1es, Action angle variables Applj_cation
to the Kepler problem.
6.
sma1l osci-1lati-ons: General case of couples osci-lrators,
Eigrnevectors and ei-genvalues. orthogronalitlt, of
eigenvectors,
Normal Co-ordinates, Vibratlons of CO, molecule.
Text Books:
L.
Goldstei-n H : ,rCIassical Mechanics" (ad.dison-wesely)
2.
Landau L.D. and Lifshitz
(Pergamon, 1960).
3.
Saktan E.J. and Gomer A.H.3 ,'Theretical- Mechanics,,
(',,ui
4.
1ey,
E.M. B ,,Ir4echanics,t
197 1,) .
Fetter A-L. and VJalecka J.D. B,r Theroetical
Mechanics of particles and continuii'(M.c..,
Hi11, 19t0)
_
q
Kiran.c.Gupta : "classical Mechanics of particles
and Rigid Bodies " (Wil_ey Eastern. 19BB) .
6.
Ra€ and Joag :
T2z Unit II :
,'Classical Mechanies,,.
OUANTUM
MECHANICS
f
Section I
fnadequery of classical meehanics, development of guantum
concepts, from planck,s hlpothesis to de Broglies matter
waves (uriet descrlption only).
The formulation of guantum*mechanics
- linear vector spaces,
vectors and operators, the Hil-bert space,- bra and ket not-at1ons,
representation theory; the fundamental postulates; the uneer Ftrc.'rtainlty principle,' ,the equations of motion, schrocriirgert
Heisenberg and interacti-on pictures of time development.
Free particle - box and derta function normalisati_ons.
.."...4
'
.-
-4-
Section II
in onc di-mension - particle in a box; scruare
potential barrier; the linear harmonlc oscil.rator in the
schrodinqer and the l-reisenberg pictures, abstract operator
Pro]:1ems
mt:thod.
:
Theory of anguler momentum - the basic conunutation
".ruI':s, eigenvalues ancl eigenve-ctors, matrix representaticn,
the paul_ispin matrices; orbital angular momentum, spherical
harmoni-csi adclition of tv.ro angu$.Er momenta, crebsch
coef
-
fi_cients.
Gordon
r
Prol:rems i-n thrce dim,.,nsion - sphericalJ_y s1,-mmebric
potentials, the
Hydroqren atom.
Section IIf
. .'t.
Apnroximation methods for time-independ'ent problems
the r'''li{B approxlmation, conni:cti-on formulae, bound states, pene'''::'-t::ation of a pot::ntia1 barrieri the variation
rtleurcd fcr
bound staijes, the grouncl st-atr,- of the gerliurn atom," Time
ind=i'endent perturbation theory,, non-deqenerate and cegr:nerat::
cases, anharmcnic oscillator, stark an<r Zeeman errcdt'J
in
Hydrogen.
Section fV
scattering theory '- Differantie-l ancr tctEr& scatterins
cross sections, thc scati:,r:ing :urplitude-; I"iethod of partial
hraves, ohase shifts, dependcrCt? of phase shift
on th-scat+-ering potential-, encrcly and anqular mome,ntum,
scattcrincr
lcngth and effective range, resonance' seatterino.
rntegr:al ecruation foi- scatte,ring. the Green I s function,"
Born and Eikonal_ approximations
'?
Bcokss-
1.
p.l.,t.Mathews and.
4.
r,..
K. Vcnkatesan :A Text Book of euantuam
Iulechanics (tata l4cGra*:
Fril1)
2. v.K. Thankappanr
: euantum Mechanins,
2nd Ed. (W6]ey - Ee&s{:.lirEfr)
3. A. Messiah
: euantum l,lechanics, 2ndEc-"
r.
schirr
, jH*kr;lH:SLcs,
(Mccraw-Hi1I
)
."""5
\
zna ra.
-5T3 : SOLfD STA?E
a- \?
pFry,SrCS Ar{D
ELECTRONICS
Unj.t: r: golrD STAE PHYSICS
1.
2.
3.
4.
\,
:
Syrnrnetry elements of a
crystal, T,pes of space rattices, rndex
system fgr crystal
planes. Unit ccII, Diamond and Na
CI crystal structure, close
packed crysta, structures, x-ray
diffraction methods of Bragqr
and Laue, Recj_procal_ lattice..
Brj.Itouin zones, \rpes of
crystal blnding.
Lattice Vibrations s Vi_brati_ons of
monatomic and diatomic
llnear lattices, Acoustical anct . optical
nhonos, phonon
momentum, fnelastic scatterl_ngr
of neutrons, Lattj_ce specj_fic
heat in the Einstein and Debye Mode1s.
Electron States: Free electrorE gras
ln three dinensions,
Fermi-Dirac Dlstri-bution, Heat
.apacity of elctron
gase Electrical conductivity,
Hall effect, Nearly Free e.l_e:ctron
modeI, Block tr\rnctions.
uEfni - conductors: Eguation of
motion of erctron in . ener,gry
bands, Itoles, Effecti-ves mass,
Number of intrinsic carrlers
in conductlon band and valence bandreffect
of impurities on
ca*1er concetration, p-N junction, Rectlfication
by p1N,i
junetion.
tr
J;
Maptosr.bplc electric
j_c constant and polarj-_
zability, Fe*eer-ectric crystals, polarirltio.,
;";";;;;;.
-i";,
Ferroelectric domains, Fe*omagnetic
orrie-weri"
Ex&hagge1nteract1on,Magnons(onedimension),F.e1ri:
magnetism ln FerO3e Antifemomaggctism
in Mno.
A
super conductivltve oecuraruer Meisbner
effect, Energy
-"a, gap,
rsotope effectr, London Eguations,
oualitatr-r.a;;"."
thoery.
"",
Text BooksB
rntroduction to solid state physics
- c. Kittel
Eastern), (Sth edn).
Unit If:
1,o
(wiley
ELCTRONICS
Ampl.ifier Principles: Transisttr
hl.brid model, Analysis of
a transi'stor ampli.fier ci-rcuit using
h parameters, corrnon
emitter amplifler with an em,-tter rcs1"a...r"o,
Multistage
arnpldfi-ers, Distroti.onin drtrlititier,
r,reguency r.sponsez,Bode,
plotes, Lgwi.fregueney response of
an R.-c- couples stagre,
Effc:ct by by pass c(-ipaci_tor.
.oo.o."""5
ry
2.
A,
-6Fle1d Effect Transistor:- .IPET and MOSFET, Biasinq the
FET, Low frequency common source and common drain
ampl6fi_er
High freqr:ency behaviour.
?
operational Amplifierss- Basic opAMp Differntial
amplifer,
Ehe emmitter couples differential amplificr, Transfter
chara_
cterstics, An example of an IC OtrAlP, offset error voltagc
and current. Temperature drift of input oifset voltage
c--rd
current, Measurment of opAMp parametersn Frequcny response
Dominant pole compi,nsation, pole zero compensation, Lead
compensation.
t
fnt
ated Circuit as. anal
o
guildin
Blocks
Basic opAMp appllcatt6onp Dif f erential
D. c. amplifier
stable AC coupred amplifier, Analoqr integration and differcntiatlon. Electronic analog computation, Active filtcrs.
Active resonant band pass tii-flrs. Delay eguali-zer, rntegratcd
circuit tuned ampli-fier, Logarithmi-c anlplifier. wave form
generatbrs, Regenerati e comparators (scrrmitt rrigger)
Elni-tter coupled logic.
5.
Dioital Electronics: Logic qates
oR. AND No?, NAND. Nf
and exc-lusive oR. De Morganrs theorems, Uni-vcrsal buiJ-ding
b]ock, Laws and theorems of Boolean algebra, combination.el
digltal systems, standard gate assembries, Bi.rary address
Arthmetic functions, Decodersr/demultiplt=xerr. .Data sctection/
Multiplexetrr Encoder, Read. onry memory, RoM Applications,
seguential digital system, A1-bit memory, Flip-flops, shift
fegisters, Ripple countcrs, Synchronous counters,
Applications of :ounters , D/A and A,r/D conver;ers.
Text
Books:
1.
2.
'rrntegratbd Erectron-ici". Millman and Halkias
1,g72)
'rDigital Principles andApplicantions,,, Malvino
and Leach (rate - McGraw Hitt,
fgTB) (ina-'Earr. ) .
-,
aaoaaroore
o /
)a
I
I
o
(
-7-
i
T4
BNUCLEAR trFIYSICS, PARTfCLE PFIYSICI
Unit f :
1'"
&
ASTROPFIYSICS
NUr'llE;\ll. Pi{YSIC:I
Nucl-ear Forees: General characteri-stics of nucear f o/ces,
Thc l,a.ua"aor, oar'. two-nllcfeon scattering expc.rirnental 31',, Slrnr:1c:
thoery of :.r,euteron structure, Spin depen.ience, Tenson force,
Scattcring corss sect-lonsrLow enc.rr:gy n-p scattering, Paftial
waves, phase shiftrSinglet
anr'l triplet
l.-.otentiaJ.s. Effcctirze
r.:i
ranqe theory, P_iP- scatierinq.
2.
3"
4"
Nrtc.lear Mo:-1les: She11 mollcl, Spin-orbit coupling, Spins ani-''
parties of gror-rnd state, Magnetic m.oments an,r- Schmj-,Llt,Iines,
Isopin symmctry, Single particle orbits in a r.listroted wel1,
Co1-t:ctivel motion, Rotational- and vibra--i-ona1 states.
Deuat: Gamma tr nsltionsr Measurenent cf gamna energ-ies,
Llfe time Mu]tiple moments, l-recay rate formula, S&lection
rules, Angular correlation an.l internal conversion, tseta .lecay,
Simple thoery of beta Cec.-ly, Ferml Kurie p1ot, Cornparative
half J-ife. A1l-owerf ancr- forbidrlen transj-ticns,
Selection
_
rufes, parity isolation.
Nuc1e.-rr
Nuclear Fission: Mcchanj-ams of fission, Practial fu1es,
Pro.luctionof fission enet:g-y, Reaction por,'/er, Fickts law anrl its
" va1i,'.1i,ty, Diffusion eguation, Diffusion Iength, llnergDr l-oss
1r,r elrrstle col1.ision, LethargTy.
.
UNit T1: PRACTICLE
l--
Tvpes of lnteractionss Gravitional.
ancl stronq i-ntr:ractions.
2.
?articf e properties:
3"
Unitarv Srrmmetrv: SU (Z) SymmetryrSU
.(.S) anr:t Eight-folrl wdye
Gel-l_mann-9kubo mass formrrla euar.<s ancr. euark moclel (eualit_ativc
Caea= only), Ner,; f Iavours
Astrop,hysics:. Electrop,agrabtic radiation from stars, Tcmpertrt-ur-:
anc] distanc'.-s, Spectral types, xxcitation ani isni zation, ApoJ-ication of sahat s equatJ-on, HR :l.iaqrarna, ot-. f ormatlon, coll.rspii ct
cl-uds, Virial theorem, Ivolution protostars. Stel]ar ernergy :rn<.]
nuc I r:ar r:-r:atir-n, !ter ar str,;ctrrre r Hydrostatic c:Quf ibruim. Errercy
.""..8
4.
Electromagneti-c,
Weak
Cl-asslfication. Leptons, Har-1rons, Daryons
an,,l McsonsrConservatj-on 1aws, Charge symmetry ancl ch.ar-ge
conjuqation, Conservation .encl j ts violation in r,.'lif frent typcs
of interactions, CpT theorem.
.1
\L
PI.rySf CS TI'I.JD \STROPFrySIC:]
-BReferences Books:.A,
1-.
2..
3.
4.
5.
6.
Introduction to Nucl_ear physics Enge. H.H.
fntrcduction to Nuclear Reactor Theory - Lamarsh J.R.
El-ementary Partcles and Symmetries - Ryder Lewis.
El-ementary Particles physics
Gasiovowi-cz.
Unitary Symmetry and El-ementary Partictes - Lichtenberg.
Astronomy : A physical perspective
Curtner.
T5 :
MATHEMATICAL PHYSTCS
unit r :
IT A}ID GUANTUM }IECHANTCS IT
pFlysrcs
r\4ATtiEMATrcAL
rr
1. rnteqral ecruatlons; General classlfication, rntegral
transforms and generating functionr Nernnnan series, Separahle Kernel, llilbert - Schmidt theory.
2. Green function:Definition and general praperties,
Greens function for the three dimensional po*sson equation
and wave equation. Greens function and spectral decompo_
sltlon.
.>
Ja
n_
Numericar analvsis:
rnterpol-tlorr, Differntlation,
fteration, Differntj_al eguations.
rntegr.etion
Group theory:- Defj.nition, rllustrative examplesrRearrangrement theorem. oC\zcllelgroups, Subgroups and cosets. Conjugate
elements and class structure. lfLoup representation theory.
Text Booksc1)
- G-Arfken: Mathematigal Methods for phy.sicists
2)
- M. Tinkham; Group the.r]r and quantum }4ebhanics
(Academic)
(
T5: Unlt II.
Section - I
Tata-t'tcGraw-Hi
11
)
.
OUANTUM I"IECtIANICS
- II
3
Space-time syrnmetries space translation and conservation
spclce rot"tfo]rinear momentumi time translation and conser ration oE energry
anc'l , aonser-angular momentu.m,. space invcrsion and time reversal.
vatl-on
.
Identical particles - Symmet.ry of wave functions, spind
i'.rid and statistics, the paull exlusj-on principle; the ground
state of He1ium atom, scatter.ing of ident5.cal particles.
o c o € o..
r..
".9
,9, ''d
Section - fI:
\'
ime - Dependent perturbatlon theory - tr;insi-tion
prebability," constant andharmonic perturbations; the Bcrn
Approximation, scattering amplituder" interiction a.f an atonr
with electra-magnetlc fci1d, induced emi ssion and absorption,
the dipole appro>:imation.
-
Sudden and adiabatic approximation, application to
sudden and adiabatic roVerscal of a magnetj_c feild.
Section - IfI
The Dirac e$ectron theory - the Dirac equetion, Dj-rac
matrices, free Dirac ParticJe, equation of eontini-ity.
nonrelativistic 1imit, spin- orbj-t coupling, Fo1c1yWouthuysen transgormation, Eine structure of the hydrogen
atom, bilinear covariants, Hol-e theory.
Secti-on - fV
The Weyl equation
of the neutri-no,
Don-coDSer:vation
of parlty.
-i' Tlge Klein - Gord.on equation, Charge bhd eur:rent deusities, the neqati-ve energy states, thc tau matrj-ces and
the Kleln -Gordon Hamiltonian.
' l"r
Charge conjugation of the
Dirac and
fiigg5Gordon,
Weyl equations.
Bnoks:
1. V.K. Thankappan
2.
P.Roman
3. A. Messi-ah
T6.
s Quantum Mecha4ics, 2nd Ed.
(witey -Eastern)
: Advanced Quantum Theory
(adaison - Wesley)
; Quantuam Mech.enics
ELECTRODYNAMICS
(North-Ho1land)
&
OPTICS
UNIT I
1.
Modification of static feild
:
cquations under time-varying conditions, l4axwellrs equatj-on,
Source-free wave eeuatien, Power flow and energ-y, Sinsoidal
time-varying fields, Hclmholtz equation,Complex pointing
vectors, Boundary conditions, Scalar and vector potentials,
Itelaxatj-on between clrcuit theory andfield theory.
,. ".10
- 10-
2.
Classification
of wave sclutions, plance waves, Reflection from a conducti-ng
pIane, Transmission l-j-nes, Rectangular wave g:uides, El-ectromagnetic ce-vities.
3. Rel.ativisti-c electrodvnamics: Conservation of GbargerFourdimensional eurrent and equation of contj-nuity, Relativistically
invariant formul-ation of the eguation of the electromagnetlc
field potential, Feild of a moving charge, Electromagnetic
field tensor, Lorentz force, Lagrangj-an and Hami-ltonian of a
particle in an electromagnetic field.
UNII II
4, Radlation theorv: The electromagnetic field of a systern
of arbitrarily movl-ng charges, General sol-ution of D
Alemberts e<7uati-on 6n the form of ret-rded potential,
Feild of a point charge moving arbj-trarily, potentials of
the electromagnetic fiel.d at a largre distance from the
emitter j-n the dipole approxj-mation, Electrimagenetj-c
filed of a dipole radiation at a large distance from the
emitter, Dipole radiation of sJ-mple systems,, _brleOnfpbfe
and magenetlc dipole radiation.
5. Multipole fl&lds: Basi-c spherical rvave solution of the
scalar walze equation, Multipole expansion of the el-ectromagenetic flelds, properties of multipole fields, Energry
and angular momentum of multipole radiation, Ang'u1ar
distribution of multipole rad.iation. Source of multipole
radiation, Multipole moments.
6t LasersS The Einstein eoefficients. Laser rate equations,
Three-1evel and four-Ieve1 systems. Temporal and spatial,
cohenence, Ruby Iaser, Hel-ium-neon Iaser, Four-Ievel solid
state lasers, GfDoft dAenoitl+e laser, D]re laser, Semi.."conductor. laser, Harmonic generation and stimulated
Raman emj-ssion.
7. Optics:-- Fourier transforms in dlffraction theroy fourier
series andspectra, Fourj-er transforms, Convolution, Cohernce
and corLelation, Corr:elation as a measure of cohernce,
\
Fourier trensforms spectroscopYe The intensity interferome*-er, Holography.
. . . ... ".11
-11-
*,
Reference Books:-
: "Principles ancl applic'rtj-rnE
1. R. Plonsey and R.E. Coltin
j-eJ.ds
of electromagnetic f
" (Mccraw-Hilf )
Benjiamln G. Levich : Theoretical Physics (voI. t (North
2n
-L
(HoIrand).
3.
4.
J"D. Jackons ,'Classical Electrodynamics" (John Wiley)
K. Thayagrajan and A"K. Ghstak-3 'ttl,asers 3 Theroy and
npplieitionsE (mac Mil1an)
5.
E.G. Smith and J"H. Thomson : "optics " (fles)
L7 (a)
,\DVANcED ELECTRoNTcS
UNIT I
1. Data Representatj-on (tlathur h,.2):
Posi-tional number
system, Binary number system, Representation of intcgers,
Reppeesentatj-on of real nrrmbers, Binary arthmetic, other
nrrmber systems, Character representation.
2.
ur ?h.l) s Orqa.nisaticn
P
of the 8085. Instruction sct, Assembler Programming, LclnQua$c
for writti-ng algoritham, Progranrning ex.rnrples, The Ziloq ZBO
a;
Semj-concLuctor Memories ltq.r!hur-Sh.:-4)-
of Memoricsl Static rR.AMs, Dynamic
Memory system reliabilitY.
3
RAMs.
Characteristics
Programmable
Tj-ming
4"
ROMs,
of Tntel
8085, Timing of Z8O, Regi-ster organisation'
tr
thur ch 6) c Address
O Devices
Interfacinq Memo
space partition-ing, Memory interfacingr Data transfer schemcs
Programmed Data Transfer, Direct Access Data Transfer, Scrial
data tr.usfer"
UNIT II
6.
General Puqcose Intcrfacing Devlses (Ran'l,ch.7)
s
Gencration of control slnganls formcmory ana U0aeviccs,
t/O porgs-Intel 82tAt 8155, Programmbale peripheral intcrface8255t ProEranu'nab1e DMA Controller 8257, Programmabfe communication interf.:.ce - 82.5!, Prcgramma.ble I'ntcrrupt controller8259 t Programmable Interval timer/countcr-8tsS3.
co.o.."1,2
d^
_1.2_
7
1
'
nq Devlces
(Ram
ch.7. )
Arthimetj-c Frocessors -Al4D 9511. rntel g23l-r8232ri,,;. -1,
8087. 80287.80387r CRT Controller - 8275t Proganrnble
floppy disc controller-rntel 827Lt 8272A, Hard disc control_lcr
8295. Programmable Key darOr/Oisplay Interface:[11!ji gZ79
t
Dynamic RAI,I controller-g?c2, g2o3t 8207. g2og, t,/o prccessor
8089, rcs and circuits for interfaces opamp invertor,
Zero-crossing detector, phase shifter, r to V convertor,
Dlfferential ampllfier, Summing amplifier, precision reetifIler, over, voltage protection. optical isorator, LDR and
photodiode.
3.
lications of
vr-cler eircuit us
Freguency
cgOg,0915,
".
72to and lzLr, DACs ogoo ry/D eanversion using
D/A ccnversicn
Belay subrouting, 7 segrment LED display, conunon anode
and ccrranon cathode tlnpe FND 5OO, 503, 5O7/5\Ot MAN 74 A
and l4AN 72 decoders,,/driv€FS - 'l44gt rnterfacung of 7
segmcnt
display, Display of decimer- and alphanumeric characters,
Microrocessor based protective r.,lays, Measurernent of
frequency, phase angIe. power faetcr. Vcltage, Curent
Reactance, Temperature, DeflectionrWater level-. Stopper
Imc{ffipo&rgl'n Traf fic control, Generatlon, cf purser
Control of firing circuit of thyristor.
l
organisation of 8086 & gogg, progromming, Br:s strurcture,
Timing, Exception handling.
lqxt
Bookse
1. A-P. Mathur, rntroduction to Microprocesors-3rd Ed.,
Tata-McGraw HiII.
2- B.Ram.. Fundamentals of Microporcesscrs and lfr5g16
,. t It_:-' computers, 3rd Edn_, Dhanapati Rai & Scns.,
Rcfercnce
Bocks
1. R,S. Gaonakar, Microp()rcssors _A,rchitr:cture,
Programming and r\pplicatlons with BOB5/B0B5A, wiley E.estcrn
2- Kenneth L"shc,rtr Mi-croprrocessors .rndpr:gramme<1
Loqic, 2nd Edn., prentice Hal1 (fndia)
3' s'K' Bose., Digital system form Gates to Mccrcprcccss.jr.s,
2nd Edn, wiley Eastern.
4- M- Rafi-gquazzarnart, Micrqorcessors andMocroccmputcr
.1
Systcrfi'dr:siqtn,
IIIni_v.,rsal Book Sta11 (Ucw Dclhi).
,
13.
\, t
_13_
t7 (b)
ADVANCED NUCLEz\R PHYSICS
.. ' ,,.r
v
U}TTT I
L" I
Basic ideas of single partj-cle mcdel,
Total sp.in, J f.or (j)2 a+d (j)3 confisurations, Ls couping
;l scheme. Eftective interaticns andccnfigur.rtion mixing,
" ltrrbhamatical Appendix, chebry of angular momentum c,__-uprinq,
R.achh coefficients, LS-JJ transfcrmaticn fcefficients.
l"
?::
,
Nuclear CoLlective Mode1s: Vibraticnal mr:des of a spherical- nucleus, collective mcdes of a deformed'even-even
nucleus, sYnrnetries , collectj-vc spectra, Tr.insition nuclei,
strt:ng coupllng of particle and colrective motion, Nilsson
potential, calculation cf equlibriirm shape and energy Ievcls
of baa - A nuclei.
Exclusicn princi_p1e
correlations, . Eethe-Gol-dstone eguation and G-matrixrResults
in nucrear mat.ter and'finite nuclei, pairing correlatii,.ns
and grcund state.
_1,.
shell model
The
nuclear spectra, Hart4.gg-Fpck ecluation,
Deformed H-F orbj_t3J-s, projecticn,_-,f angular mr:mcntum,
Particl-e -hc:le calculations. Calculation j-ninertia paramctrs
an<1
(Cranking formula)
5'.^
j.-1,,C-1.,-
r
'-
9
II
5" NuClear Reactlons Ig- Croes sections,
UNIT
Resonan.ces and Briet
vJinger f'-,rmula. compund nuel-eus, ccntinuum theory, Evapor ati on probabi 1 1 ty andtegpeifl nBhChIr egbrrtA.g
fi- Neelear reactlonsc- rr
opticar model at Icw energies,
Kapur Perils dispersj-r,-n formula for scattering, disperslcn
formufa for may-body casc, Lane-Thomas=wingcr mocr.el drld
,
r!i.:.
experimental results.
'l ,' D-i-rrect Reactionse- Kinematics
of stripping and pick-up
'- - -I I ,i, Experimental- resul-ts. Distorted wave method and
direct j-nelasti-c scattering.
.
Reaction Phvsics:-
Fermi--age equaticn, solutions and
measurement of age, Fermi age thoery of bare thermal_
reactions, Criticallty of an infinite hcmcgeneoud rcactor.
one regrion finite thermal reactorr., criticality
condition
fcr di-fferent geometr.i-es, optimum reactc-,r shapes.
....
c. . .. .1;.
€'n
^74.
..i
t,:lcar E1-T_!-rqEgEn- El_cctronics for
"
cnrit:gry spectroscopy
. '--'-'cral- ccnsiderat-ions, Pt'c-amp1i.ffir-:rs, E1:ctronics for- timinqt
,r-L-ch detr,ctors, Pulsc-,:niplitude enaryslers, singre channer
-,.iC multi -channel analycrs, Coincidenee Unit.
j_!-.-
1' p"R" Roy ancl B"p. tTigam : tducr-car nhysj-cs (l^lirey 1961)
i i'{"A. Preston and R.K. Bhaduri: structure .f the: Nucleus
(aaaission -t,Jes1ey l9i 5)
o
;'.F" Lamarsh a Indroduction to Nuclear Reactor Thc-ory (aaeiti-rn
':' IrlesleY 1960 )
I Clean G. Knol1 : Radiation Detection and Measurement
(;ohn wil.ey)
)r P"M. Singru
''
: fndrcduction tc Experj-mental Nuclear physics
(vlo," cy Eastern 1_gj 2)
c'R- satchler a rnteroduction tr nuclear r,:actions
(Macmillions, 19BO)
T c (a) i
'q
ELECTRCI:r:r-c rNSTRUl.,l:lrdr,\TroN
uNrrl r
,:- Flectr-qrc rnstrumentati-on for measurinq basiq,ra,qameters:Electroni'c DC and AC voltmeters etectronic rnultimeters
differential- vortmeters -digital volmeters -0 meter Vector: imnedanee meter -vector voltameter. (Cooper and
Helfrick, Chapter 6)
?,. e oscj-Ilioscopes:|;cStfrode ray tr:bes _CRT cj_rcuits_vertical de_
ff'.:ction system -deIay lj.ne -mrrltple trace-horizontal- defl-ection system -oseiLliscope probes and trans<lucers-cscilloscope
technicrue -storaqe oscirloscopes -sampling oscilloscoped.
(Cooper _and Hel-frick, chapter 7) .
:1.
FrecJr:ency synthesized siEnal
gener:Htor grenerator - frquency divider qenerator
-slveep
frr:quency qenerator-pul.se anc.i square wave grenerator
-function
generator'- wave analyzers -harmonic distortion analyzers
spectrum analysls (cooper and I{elfrick, chapter 7 and B)
:r:
- Frequency counter
measurement of eErors -e.xtending freguency range of the cont;r - automatic and computing cor:nters (cooper and Helfrick,
Chapt=r
L0)
.
c
o
a
1q
LJ
*ax= -15-
l.ra.srlucers'Classification of transducers strain gaugres - displacement transducers temperature measurements photo- sensltive devices (ccoper and Helfri-ch, chapter 1). Radiation
iletectcrs-solid state and scintiltation detectors -neutron
couqters. (Sj-ngrue, Chapter 4)
). Da'-a acquisj-tion systems: Instrumentation systems - magnetlc
tape recorders - self -balancingr potentiometer - digital to
analog conversion - analoq to digitial converslon - multiplexing -spatial encoders single channel and multichannel
data acquisition systems. (Cooper and Helfrick, Chapter 1,2
and Rangann, Sarma and Mani, Chapter 74)
. Testing and audio amplifier
.9gputgr controffea t
+-esting a radio receiveer - instruments used in conrputer
c'controlled instrumentation IEEE
4BB electrlcal interface digital control -slgnal timing in a microprocessor based measurement. (Cooper and Helfrick, Chapter 13).
s: Ccincidence
!!-
-i
measurements-
t.ime coincidences slow - fast coincilence=SciH colnci-denceantii-compton galnrn* ray spectrometry - l-ife tirne measurements-tlme
- :'.'---- to"amplitude conversion - angular correfationof nuclear
:adi ation- internal conversion coeffieients. (Singru, Chapter8)
ao Servomechanisms: First and second order sel:vomechanisms
cierivative, integral and error rate controls examples:
Tenperature reglrlator with controls sinusoidal response of=
a sicond order system - A.C. motor servo-systems" (Ryder,
Cnapter 16).
i0.Power controlc- SCR -Contral of current in rectifiers with
an inductive load - triggcring control by phase S:USntlmg sa+-urabl-e reactor control -combined d.c.and phase control
o'e off pulse eontrol of the SCR -sq&-qpffiblg -Eor dredeotpr
speed regulation by armature voltage and current control
arrnature eurrent limiting control of 1ow torgu€ d.c.motors.
(nyder. Grapter 14 and 15) .
References
l-.
2-
B
-
CooperrW.D. and He-l frick A.D.. "Electrrbnic lr.strumentation
and Measurement Techiniques", (pHt, 1988).
Sin9rr.' R.M., 'tlntroductj-on te E><perimental Nuclear Physi-cs"
(wi1ey Eastern, t97 2),
Ryder, J. D. , "Engimeerilmgr Electronics ", 2nd Adition (uc
Gqaw Hil1, 1976).
Ranganr C, S. , Sarma B.R. and Manl V. S.V., 'rlnstrumentaion
4"
Devises and Systems", (tata-tutc 9r., ,*1],.1*83).
, . . . fO
,;i
"
.-76T B (b) :
&*=_ : .-. --
COI.I"UNTCATTON ELECTRONTCS
UNTT T
1
'\mplifiers s Untuned power amplifiers e crass A povrer
amplif lers, Ct ass B push puI1 amplifier,
|Iegatj_ve f eedback
arnplifler, Broad Band amplifier
-Tuned RF amplifiers
common base RF amplifier
-SascadEe amplifer _Frequency
conversion and mixers fF amplifiers
cfass C and
.1:Lnear ami:liflers (Roaay
anccoolen, chapter TrB).
ElllatoEs
RC phase
shift oscilratoi r - Tuned LC osci .r_a-
to.r^,, ...uned circuit oscil
s
Laci1irv of osciIr.at"."
l'.::rl.r,5'I::i1.":":t::::iluio.-".
(noaay-*C-.6o6Lert- chapter
9) .
{
(
lrnpiitude dhd..anf;tcmodufations*_ Amplitude
modulation _
AmpJ i-tude moclulation
and demoduration circuits _single
sj-Ce band qeneratlon and detection
- SS B bal_anced modu_
l-atcr- comparison of signal to noise
ratios Frequency
moculat-i-on- phase mcduration
-Ang.e modur_ation circui_ts
Detection of FM slgnals
-Fosrer _ seeley discrimAnzLtor
r'.rrt-r-o cjetector
- Noise in FM. (noaay and Coolcn, Chapter
1.0..
11)
Elemetts of
se amplj_tude
modulation - puase time mcdur-ation
- pulse code modulation_
cooing - codes Error detector
andceofrddlE:ioff- codes _ Digi_
carrier systems - Ts,r.'prlnter and
ter-egraph circuits
::'
r-xoooy and coolen., Ch.apter
72) ,
5"
communicatlon svst?ms: . Rcceivcrs
, - superheterodyne
recei_vc:r
;\M ::ecivcrs
-Automatlc gain control _communications recivcr:s
FM recivers- .singrIe
and ilig4g6:15ip11.fo sideband rccei.r,rcrs.
KennecLy
and Dp,5;(9,
Chapter 6)
Trar:smitters Ter-egrraph tr,-nsmitters
-AM transmitters
!'i'i transmltters .-Teievision tr,rnsmj_tters
HF radio systems
VHE/UHF systems _ Microwave
systems satellite communi_
catio;rs" (noaay and Coolen, Ch.rpter
18 and
UNTT
19)
rr
!e.1evrb$Son:
' Television tystsmittndsstandards Black and
white
tr-'ansrnission -scanning Blanking
cr.nd synchroni zinq pulses,
Bz'w receiptioir.synchronising
sircuits
coloui transmission
a.ncl rec,:ip'clon , (Kennedy and
Davis, chapter l7) .
. . o . a ". ){p(. . ".1,7-
_..!J
.7
_
Radiation and antennas,: potential functions and the
EM field - Radiation fodr' an osci.l-Iating dipole
-porder
red-iated by a current elsnent- Radiation resist.:nce of
a short dipclc -Radiation frorn a quartcr wave monopolc _
Dircctivity -Gain and ef Ee,ctive aperture-_ - Antenna arrays
elements, Li-near ancl bj-nc,mia. riequency i_nr.lependent antenna
Log periodic antennae -yagi antennae" (Jcrcan and Balmai_n,
-t
Cn.r.ptcrs 10.11 and 15)
8-
Propagation of radic wavcsa Ground woves -sKy wave propagation - space wavcs -Tropospheric scatter propagati,.n
Extra terrcstriol
Ch.rpter B).
"o*,lri.,--tion.
.
(Kenncdy and Davis,
Ionosphere - Refl-ection ancl refracticn of waves bl, the
icnosplere -Attenuation. (forcan and Balman, chaptcr 77)
9. Radar systems:- BaElc principles -Radar performanccs faetors
Radar ranqe equatj-on -pulsed systcms -Moving targret indicaticn
O'd Doppler radar. (Kenncdy .eri'Oavis, Chapter 16).
10
tion: Why fiber optices? - Optical fj-ber
Fiber lossses Fiber optic ccmponents and
systc-ms source and detector - optical cemmunicatir--rns
systems. (kennedy ancl DavisrCgapter 18).
References:
-
1. Roddy and coolen, J., "Electronic Communicaticns',,
PHr,1986.
2. KennedyrG. and Davj-s, B. "Electronic
systems", 4th Editlon, Mc graw Hitl, 7992.
Ccmmunication
3. Jordan E. C. and Balmain, K.G. trElectromagnc,tic
waves and Rad.iating Systemsr', pHf / 7979.
(-.i
-18TB
3
*
A
COI"IPUTL:I? SOFT.itiRE AN]D AppLIC;\NTTCIIS
i-.f-o"f!ligqj
ccrnnut,.,r orqrnis ,tic.n,.
X'r;,:'ntj."l Cr--.mpi:nlnts r:f .. comput_r; i;l_r.ck rLpr..rsirnt-,tj-,_.n}
1. f f:tnt
c,:-.mput,_.r- I-.nqu::g.;sr Si:;.=1.-.11ng Syst.-ms (Doncv.-n) i
I../O Prqr-[Trmingr. Mu]tipIc, nltc_rc::;ssors c.trrri 1nt_rrupt mcchtnisms,"
li-/t,-r,r'-,ry mi:rn-roem..rntr Frcccsscr ITrln:lec-ITlr)fit, D,,:vic,_
m,rnrqamant,.
DC,cl -.nr- its us r:.
$--n'
rrnportanct- of high lirvcl
F'-rnB1r.,cT':,si F,.,1tr-rr.:s r,f- a hlgh 1...:v:rl
lanqur-gr:. Data t1rpr.:s ii11rr.
c: rte
structtrr':si Stor-,qc allocation ,-l.nr., scopc c;f n.:mcsi
l{c.r€:ssinq f l. ,xik-'i li.t-y'," Functit-,naf morlrr l..rrity, scynchoroncus
or-)(rroticn," i:-xtensibility
anri cr:,mpr6e timc m,lcros.
- f,-sic {subramaninanl r Basic characQers;
C,cnst.:nts, Variables, Arithmctj c expressioni Easi-c statements
-t-nput/out p:ut/ stat'mr:ntsi prgramme contrcl,. Aray hanrlling
Langu,
Functi_ons anrl suhooutincs,
lroqrguing-lsggu
i1 Fortran
ch;:recters, constants and,vrrlables; Arlthmetif, expression;
Fortrrn' statc:mcntsi Forma-t, control.. D mensioni DD anc rF
statemr:n"s; runctions anrl subroutincsi Fires creati-on; Data
f-i--]-e cssentials of para1lel cornputatj-onl Fortran
B){ an,.. its
fi:aturr,s for par.el1el eomputingr.
l
I
$ssemblg-trs (Dohovan) : General c.:siqr proce<trure1 Design o!
afsembler; .statr=ment of z,roblenr,- Data structurel Format of
,:_-ate
b':sds,' Arqori thml Mocrularity; Table processing, searching
I
en.l sorting;Linear search;Dinary searchi sorting;l Interchanges
sort.r Shel-l sorti Bucket sort;R:di.x exchange sort.; acrriress calculationsort,. eomnlriscn of sorts,
I
Nr
I ,...o
i-ns1--r'uctionsi Features of a maerofacllity,. mecro i
finstrr:ction
a -'qu-rnenti conr:'iti-onal macro r:xpansioni Macro
ca]-ib within l"iacros
Ile.:r:o j-n;:tmetions iiefj_ning macros.
1,
Scientifj-c packaqes: Use of scientifi" p".t-q" tc sc,Lve problems
J rPhysics," Pcnular electrcnlc ppr.::a.Jsheets
tc mo<_le1 physj-ca1
slr.stems an'rthier qrrap ical.pFCSentia6.lon; Erements olF graphiea.l
prc-jsentation.
-19-
B"
Compilers (Donovan): Statement of probelm; Recognising baic
el-ernents; Recoginisrhng syntaptic units and interpreting
meaning: rr.,termediate form; Arlthmetlc statements,- Nonatithmetic statementsi Nonexecutable statcmentsr",Storage
aIlocation," code gener-ation; opti-misatlonr Assemebly
Phasei General model of complier.
Reference books:
1. T.C- Barteet Digital Computer Fundamentals (t,tccraw- tfills)
2" N. Subramanian : Programming for BqESg (a"g.tril.ee1er &Co)
3. V. R.ajaraman : Computer programming in Fortran7'/
(Prentice HaI1 of Ir.dia).
4. Jchn J. Donovan: Systems Programming (ttc Graw-HiI1).
T9
(b)
EXPERTMENTAT-
TEGINIoUES
UNIT I
1.
O11 sealed. Rotary pump, Mclecular pump,
Dlffusj-on Pump. Oil Vapour Booster pump, Sputter Ion pump.
Sorpticn Pump, Cryo Etlqp, Liquid Nitrogen Trapsr Sorption
Traps. Baff1e and fsolation Valves, Magnetic Valves,
Adjustirble valves and rHlffi.
Piranj- ,Guagre, Penning Guage,
Hot Fj-.J-ament Ionization Guage.
2"
,
Accele,rators: High Voltage DC Accelerators, Cascade
Generdttotrr El-ectrostatic Gendrator. Linear Accelerators,
cycl%Urdn, Synchrocyclotron, Ion Sources, Ion Implanations,
fon Be:am Sputtering, Mocroanalysis with Ion Beams.
3'
Nucleler trStectog:- Gas Counters, Ionization Counters. Pro: porti onal Counter, GM Counter r Detectjon of t t and
x-rd]:rs by Geiger counter, Scintillati-on Detectorsr Scintilli;rnt Materj-a1s, Photo multipliersr - ray spectrometry,
Li cr:r't-fed Detectors, X-ray, r-ray and charqed parti-cIe
Deteiction, Single channel and Multichannel- Pulse Height
anal -ysers.
Vacuum 'Iechnigr:ess
gNi?
t
:!
-It.:in Films:- Thermal Evapcrtationin Vaecugr. Sputter :i-.:
f --position, Glow discha'rge, Thlckness Measurement by Quartz
rJrystal Monitaor, Interference Method., El-ectrieal Conductivity
Mea.urement, Thermopower{ Multilayer Optical F1lters.
-205"
General Theory of N':clear
SoectroscOplC Methods I:Magenetj-c Resonance, Fourier Transform spectrofieter, Double
Resonance Method, Chemj-ca1 Shift and Spin-Spin Coupling,
principles of Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance, Applications
j-n chemistry and solid state Physics, Principles .of Electron
Spin Resonance. The ESR spectrum, Fir*, "lrt..r-r'rJr Hlperfine
structure, ESR spectra of sOlutj-ons and Anisotropic systems,
Th. triplet
6.
state alg Tr.nsition mbtal Ions.
soectroscopic Methods II Theory of Infrared Absorption
Rotation spectra, vibration spectra and Rotation Vibration
spectra of Gaseous Diatomic Molecules, Far IR SpeCtrOSCOpy,
Theory of the Raman Effect, Raman spectra'of di.etomic and
polyatomic MoleculesT Laser Raman SpecttOScopy and stimulated
section
Raman Scattering, Theory of the Mossbauer Effect, cross
(Ouantum Mechanical) for Resonance F1ouresc"r"E, Doppler VeIocj-ty Drive, Magnetic Hyperfine Structure of Fo'' ' study 66
Ferromagnets, Konodo Effect, Alloys and Impurities in Splids'
=r--
References Books:-
1). N.T.M. Dennls and r.A. Heppelli 'fVacutrn system
Designr' (chap.rman & HaI1, 1968).
"
2). G.Lewin: ,,Fundamentals of
loqf " (l,tccraw -HitI, 1965):
3)
.
Vao:LUn Sci-ence and. Techo-
"
w. E. Btrrcham: "Nuc1ear Physics
(Longimans)
Beams vrj-th
4). R.S.Wil-sor &G.R.Brer^rer 3 "Ion
to Ion Implantation" (Wileyt
'
Applications
1973)
P.J.Ouseph: "Introdrrction to Nucle.-rr Radj-ation
5).
' Detectors"
(Plenum)
6) w.J.Price B "Nuclear Radiation Detectors"
(t,tccraw-Hil-l-,
197 2)
7). R"M.Singru,' : 'rTnd.troduction to Extrrerimental
Nucl-ear Physics" (Wiley Eastcrn, 1'972)
B). O.S" Heavens: 'rThin Fl1m Physics" (Methuen, 19?0).
9). Straghhan andwalker (ra.); "spectroscopy vols;I &rr
' *r'
(Uhapman & HaII) .
10)- v.c. ERlde s llMossbatrer Ef.fect lt,s'Appli'cations"
(rata Mc Gpaw - HiII, 1973).
"
.. c.. ".....27.
_21._
\-i
T9 (a) sppcTRoscopy
UNTT
:l_
2.
.
cl
I
of hydrogen like ionsr
of
transj_tions and selection
tsa,c* ef,fr:ct and Stark
cffeet,
.l_ne structure of
spectr.:.1
derived from atomic spectrs.
rR spectroscopy (straughan
vo.l_.rr, chapter 4 secs
l_6:-)Dd.
chapter S? secs
+&Z\
Experimental aspects,
theory
spectra, Vibratj.on spectra <bf rR absorption _ rotation
.rndrotation vibration
graseous diatomlc
molecules, for fR spectroscopy spectra of
fR. intcrferometers.
and for
)
Raman
spectrscopy and stifomlatcd
4.
-'- ----'urttgutir,
Irll-CfOWa
, microwave
Of r.f''o rraq h^.I ^^..., _
,+"cuIes. ,hyperfine utrucEure
structure and
and quam^_^- _r:_?u:
moment
orrr-r qcEermrnation
and
dctermina
Spect'r-(',.1
dropre
dronrr.
effect.
effect-
J6
tr
j:"u:al nqf6o,a,f of _magnetic resonahce,
I_
nr-que, Fourier t-rrnsforri
iil]t
a\
of rd'tprilomeilt5s by the stark
resonnnce methods, chemical
shift
;p".t."i,eter,
and spln-spin coup-
6.
Spectrosocopv:_ prj-nclples
of nuclear quadrupole reso_
nancer Experimental detection
of
mistry and Solld State physics. NQR and applj_cations in Che_
'
speetroscopv:- principles of
electron spin resonancc.
experlmental methods, the ESR
spectrum. nrp"Irr"" *Orr*rr=.
interpretation of EsR spectra
in scluti-on, anisotropic sirstcms
the triplet state and transition
mctal ions .
:
The Mossbauer ef r=ectr '.*f,".i"menta1,
ractions. molecular structurer
efcctrr_._
""'*-''t'!
ni-c structure and soli-d state
"h"ri";;.
7
o
96
NQR
EsR
:
+
t-
-.-':rcl -22-
P1 : GENERAL PHYSICS ,I
(at least 15 e>q>eriments to be done)
'
i.
2"
y and - Koenig,s method.
Y and - Interfierence method 9a) elliptical
(b) hyperbclic
f,u:ir:rqs.
3.
4.
Vlscosity of a liquid - osclllating disc methcd.
Varia-ticncf surface tension with temperature - J-aegar:,s
ethcd,
5.
fi,
7.
B.
9.
l-0.
11.
72.
'
of a bihrating strip.
Stef an s const:nt.
Constantts of a thiemo-couple and temperature of inversion
Thermail conductvity of. a liquid and airby Lee,s Disc methcd
Study of magnr,tic hydiitersis - :-L{ B_H Curve.
Dielectric ccnstant by Lecher,Wire .
Maxwell's L/c bridge.
Determinatlonof frequency.of an oscil-lator - using freguecy
Mode constant
r
bridgre.
13. SusceptJ-blIity lTtcc-lsurerTrent by Quj-ncke I s and Gucyrs methcds.
14- Frannhofer rines and caluchy's ccnstants.
15. Michelson ' s interf erometer - (a) / (tl r/ and. thickness of
mica sbeet.
16. Far-bry Perot Etelon - / and, Thibkness of .-,ir film.
IJ - Expansion of
rntcrf ercince method.
".y=tot .
I 18. Temperature of sodi'urn flame.
19. Single phase transfcrmer 7 Measurement of L.R and Z of the
. ,.,n,'
orimary - Determination i,f ef f iciency.
20. Mj-crowaves sta.nding wave ratir:s, guide and free spclce
rare.vel_
,
enqhts.
. 27. Dlffraction atta strtj_ght edge.
22. Elemcntary experlmenta using naeer.
..,. ... J!<-; ,
I
I
I
:
.''23
-24P2
)tnY'
s ,ELECTROMbS
(atleast 15 experi_m.:nts tc be done)
L.
JEET Character.istics,
f
2.
3"
Charaetcristics and rclaxaticn osci11.rtor.
Vortaqe multiplier cj_rcui.ts.
UJT
4o Cll-pp1ng e-nd clarfip*ng, e$Eeu,1te! r c ,' . _rt I C, .i.-: Lc,_ , C L. t
5. Em$tte:nc€otlg.wgria.mcasuremints c,f input impcdancc.
buppgt
.,
impc,dapec and qain.
6. Tw; starge R-C- soupled amplifier.
i
7.
B.
9.
10.
1,1,
72-
N,:gative f.:cd - b,rclc amplifier.
R-C-Couplr:d FEtr ampiifier - CS configuaraticn.
D.C" Voltage regulatic_,n usinq transistorso
Diffe*ential Amplifier using trei,tsistcrs.
Amplitud.e modulation using. transistors.
Femilaris:tion cf opA}4p -voltage gain for inverti_nc1/nr_>ninverting ,emp1lf er :rnd Voltage foll ower,
l-3. Pulse cj-rcuj.ts using OpAMp
(a) Sqr:are wave (b) Triangular wave.
74. ,l^I4gh Bridge Oscil-]-atcr using OpAI,lp.
15" Diglt.rl IC pulse circults using 555 timer (astab1e,
76.
n1:nostable, VCO and sawtooth generator).
Twc stage I.F. amplifier.
tt.
Binary ddeBSIA and p.A
18.
(!/A convertor (a) Binary weightend resistors
(b) R 2R ladder.
.oo.3-ro7,rr;
j..o;rJ! ) -Z+^
I
-25;Q S ADVANCED XLECTR'ONICS
(atlsst 15 experj-ments to be done)
.
2.
'
)
Jo
L
q
6.
1
o
o
10
Ll
Vol-tageRcgulating usinq OPAMP
Preqi-on Rectifies - Half wave and ful-I wave for signals
of I{\ range using OPAMP'
Act've fi-ltcrs
uslnq
OP'AI4P
Astable, monostable MVs and schmitt trigger - using
using oPAMP
Analog i_nteqration and differ,rtiation
UJT controlled SCR delaY RaIaY.
oPAl'IP
Lc,garixfilc Amplifier usi-ng OPAMP.
Bioafy counter using digital IC
Decade count:r using digital IC
A/D convertor us:'-ng o/A conv"f:.:.
Synchronous up,/dcwn counter and divjde by N .Counter using
digital IC.
72
Real-isationof gates using rrniveraitl gates - using lC
and IC 74O2.
13
Study of Flip-f lops -R3, D,T,JK anl.JK master slave using
IC 'l4OO and fC 74tq.
t4
MVs
15
16
1,7
1B
t9
20
2L
22
gates - Astable and monostabf,e.
Organisation of MxN Random access"m€mory with basic
cIips.
using
74LO
I{AND
memory
Shift register usj-ng IC 7495
Multj-plexer IC ?+I51
Decoder IC 74155
Programming of microprocessor 8085
Basic slngle byte arithmetic (addition. subtractj-on,
multiplicatlon and division ) using B0B5 Kit.
Generation of sguare \^/ave using 8085 Kit.
Programme to arrangte a series of numbers in asc€jnding/ descend.ing order.
23 l4ultibyte addj-tion and substraction.
24 Measurement Of freguency using microporcessor.
25 Measurement Of VOltaqe and curent using microprocessc'f.
...
o. o. ' o26
-)s
P3 :
MODERN PHYSICS
(at least twelve e>q>eriments
to
L.
2"
3.
I
be
G.M. Counter pl_ateau .and Statistics
of
Thermal neutron absorption.
Absorption coefficient of
Scintillation detecter.
qJarnla
inq.
I
rays.
tr
6.
Compton effect.
7.
Window
8.
End-point energryogf a beta _ Ray source
11 -ray diffraction
of thin films a
o
10.
11
thickness of beta counter.
by
analysi
\
Spectroscopj_c analysj_s by Carbon arc"
Absorpticn spectrum of I(MnO4 and f2.
- ray dlffraction
s
I
12
,1
131 .i
HaII effect.
i)
a'
Zener - voltage chara,-terlstics at row
and ambient temperaturcs.
Determinationc(fvelocity of sound ln liguid
usingr ultrasonlc
Inteferometer,
L4
15
by
I
Fow_J,er:. method.
16 Determination of of band gap energies
of Ge and / o. Ir'
us-i:rg [email protected] diodes.
S
It
7'7. Measurment of resi_stlvity of metal-s
during solid-llquid
Phase transltion.
18. Conductivity of thin fil-ms.
L9.
20
27
Thickness measurement using Michelson r
s interf erometer.
,,.
Growth of a sinqle crystal from
sol_ution and determinatr_
of s$ruetural, electrical_ and optical properties.
study of cotrour eenters .sinq thermolumf.,t"...,.e
glow
curves
22 Millikanrs oil_drop experlment.
23 Thcmson t s e-,/m measurement.
24 Thermionie work function.
.oro.oco..
".n.25
\
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