...

)rl o -

by user

on
Category:

shopping

4

views

Report

Comments

Description

Transcript

)rl o -
)rl
UNTVERSITY OF CALICUT
o
(Abstract)
MSc programme in Environmental Science- under credit Semester System
(PG) - in afliliated colleges 3'd and 4th semester Syllabi - implemented-with
effect from 2O7O admission onwards-Orders issued
GENERAL & ACADEMIC BRANCH-IV 'J' SECTION
Dated, Calicut Universit PO, 04.05.2011
No. GAoIV lJ2 14884 l08
Read:1. U.O.No. GAIV/J I lI373l08 dated, 23.O7 '2O1O'
2. U.O.No.GALV lJ2l4884l08 dated 26.07.2OrO.
3. Item no. 3 of the minutes of the meeting of the Board of Studies in
Environmental Science & Water Management held on O1 .O2-2011.
ORDER
Credit Semester System was introduced to aII PG programmes irr
aff,rliated Arts and Science Colleges and Self Financing Centres of the
University with effect from 2OLO admission onwards as per University
Order read as first above.
The meeting of the Board of Studies in Environmental Science &
Water Managem.rt ,rid. paper read as seconcl above, implemented Credit
Semester System for PG courses in Environmental Science & Water
Management from 2o7o admission, in aff,rliated colleges.
The Board of Studies in Environmental Science & Water
Management vide paper read as third, resolved to implement the syllabus
of 3rd and 4tl, semestir in Environmental Science & Water Management PG
programme under Credit Semester System PG'
The Vice Chancellor, due to exigency, exercising the powers of
Academic Council, approved the minutes of the meeting of the Board of
Studies in Environmental Science & Water Management, subject to
ratification by the Academic Council.
Sanction has therefore been accorded for implementing the Syllabus
Science
of 3rd and 4th semesters of MSc prograrnme in Environmental
under calicut University credit Semester System PG with effect from 2010
admissions in the affrliated Colleges'
Orclers are issued accordingly' Syllabus appended'
,
TO
sd/-
DEPUTY REGISTRAR (G & A-IV)
FOT REGISTRAR
in
The Principals of affiliated colleges offering MSc programme
Environmental Science
Copy to:
P.S to V.C
G&A
I'F''G' sections/GAII,III
E:\Saji\ORDERU section\J2\'12 4884 Envt Science dralt doc
Forrvardcd / 8., Orclcr
SECTION OFFICER
f
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
M. Sc. Environmental Science
Credit Semester SYstem
Syllabus-2OI0 Admission
Semester -1
Examination: 3 Hrs (Internal 25oh; External 750 )
No
1
2
3
4
5
6'
Course
Code
ESl COI
ESICO2
ESICO3
ESlCO4
ESI
ESl
CPO1
CPO2
Course Title
Earth Science- 1
Environmental Chemistry- I
Environmental BiologY -1
Statisti;cal Computing
'
Chemistry Practical- 1
Biolosy Practical -1
TyPe
Core
Core
Core
Core
Core
Core
Total Hrs
Credit
75
75
75
75
75
75
4
4
4
4
Nil
Nil
Total.16 Credits
\,/
Semester -2
Examination: 3 Hrs ( Internal 25oh; External 75o )
No
Course
Code
7
ES2 CO5
ES2 CO6
8
9
l0
l1
t2
ES2CO7
ES2CO8
ES2CP03
E52CP04
Course Title
Earth Science -2
Environmental Chemistry- 2
Environmental B ioloey -2
Environmental Physics
Chemistry Practical-2
Biolosy Practical -2
Type
Total Hrs
Credit
Core
Core
Core
Core
Core
Core
75
75
3
75
3
75
75
75
J
J
3
J
Total 18 Credits
Semester -3
Examination: 3 Hrs ( Internal 25o/o; External 7|o/o)
No
13
Course
Code
ES3C09
14
ES3CIO
15
ES3C11
16
ES3C12
ES3EOl
t7
18
t9
ES3EO2
ES3CPO5
Course Title
Type
Total Hrs
Credit
Environmental Toxicology and
Biochemistry
Environmental Biology -3
Environmental Management
Biodiversity
Environmental Impact Analysis
( Theory paper)
Remote Sensing
Soil Chemistry Practical
Core
75
4
Core
Core
Core
3
Elective
75
75
75
75
Elective
Core
75
75
J
3
4
4
3
Total24 Credits
3
o/
/o
Semester -4 @xamination: 3 Hrs ( Internat ZS't"; B
No
2t
Course
Code
ES4C13
ES4CI4
22
ES4EO3
23
ES4E 04
20
24
ES4CPT
Course Title
State of Environment in India
Environmental Law
Food Administration and
Preservation
Green Chemistry
Proiect and Via-Voice
Type
Total Hrs
Credit
Core
Core
Elective
75
3
75
J
75
4
Elective
75
4
Core
8
Total22 Credits
Maximum Credits : 80
Minimum credits required for a Pass: 72
Core Courses: 56
Elective:
8
Project and
Viva-Voice:
Total:
8
72
Practical Examinations are scheduled to conduct at the end of Semester II for Chemistry
and Biology.
:
Question Paper: Total Weightage 36
1. Short answer type- 14 ( No choice ), Weightage : 14x l: 14
2. Paragraph Type - 7 out of 10 , Weightage: 7x2: 14
3. Essay Type - 2 ot of 4, Weightage 4x2: 8
Evaluation and Grading
External - 7 5o/o, Intemal 25Yo
Grading - 5 point scale (A, B, C, D and E
SGPA and CGPA- between 0 to 4 in two decimal places
CGPA (in 7 point scale)
l. 3.8 to 4.0- A+
2. 3.5 to 3.79 - A
3. 3.0 to 3.49-8+
4. 2.5 to 2.99 -B
5. 2.2 to 2.49 - C+- Minimum requirement for Pass
6. 1.5 to 2.19 -C
7. below 1.5 -D
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc. Environment at Science
Syllabus - 2010 Admission
ESICOI- EAR.TII SCIENCE -1 (Core)
(Sernester-I)
(75 hrs; Credits 4)
Unit 1: Earth's origin
- mention the theories, components of the physical environment,
atmosphere, hydrosphere and the lithosphere. Internal structure of earth's crust, mantle
and core - composition.
(5 hrs)
Brief Explanation. Continental drift plate tectionics sea floor spreading
Unit
island areas. Earthquake seismograph Richter scale modified Mercallis scale
2:
causes
-
-
global distribution.
-
-
-
-
(10 hrs)
Unit 3. Minerals - rock forming - ore forming - diagnostic physical properties of
common minerals; qtartz, feldspar, mica, horn blende, gamet, graphite, talc, gypsum,
ignite, anthracite, illmenite, rutile, magnetic, calcite, hemmatile, magnetile, calcite,
bauxite, clay minerals.
Unit 4. Rocks - Brief classification and characteristic megascopic features of different
types of rocks. Igneous, Sedimentay and metamorphic rocks - basalt, granite, dolerite,
pegmatite, sand stone, shhle; lime stohe conglomeratej, grit, schisq'gneiss, marble, laterite.
(15 hrs)
Unit 5. Interrelation of toposheet - contour - gradient - dip - strike.
Geological structure: Joints, fold-fault-unconformities.
(10 hrs)
Unit 6. Weathering - physical - chemical - biological. Factors of soil formation
(climate, parent, material, relief, biosphere) - Soil forming processes - Lateritisation,
eluviation, humifaction, illuviaiton, padzelisation.
Unit 7. Wet lands - their significance; wet lands of India.
Unit 8. Coastal sedimentation
and landforms, coatal erosion, CRZ.
(20 hrs)
9.
- erosion, transportation and deposition. Effects of stream action on
pedeplain, meandering stream. Pollution scenario of Indian
Peneplain,
land forms.
rivers. Drainage - watershed - drainage density - order of a stream.
(15 hrs)
Unit
Streams
References:
l.
Environmental Geo Science, Strahler A.V. and Strahler. A.H., Wiley
lnternational.
2. Environmental
Geology
- Valdia. K.S., Tata McGraw Hill Publishing
Co., New
Delhi.
3. Environmental Geology - Donald R. Crates, John Wiley and Sons.
4. Structural Geology, Bilinge, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., New Delhi.
5. Principles of Petrology - Tyrell G.W., Methuen.
6. Text Book of Mineralogy - Dana. 8.S., Ford Wiley.
7. Principles of Physical Geology - Deimes. A., Ronald, New York.
8. Coastal Geomophology of India, Ahmad. E., Orient L,ongman, New Delhi.
UNryERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc.
Syllabus - 2010 Admission
ESLCO2 -EN\/IRONIVIENTAL
CfrEI\/IISTR.ta - I (Core)
(Sernester -f)
(75 hrs; Credits 4)
Unit 1. Chemical composition of atmosphere, temperature - Chemical process in the
atmosphere - Role of CO NO SO O ozone, wgter hydrocarbons in atmospheric
processes - particulate matter and dust. Oxidfe and reducing smogs and their
chemistyr - Acid rain.
(la hrs)
Unit
2.
Basic chemistry - organic compounds (alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alcohols,
aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids esters, amines and aromatic compounds)
Cleaning agents - soaps, detergents bleaching agents - chlorofluro carbons (CFC's)
and their environmental impacts.
(12 hrs)
Unit
3. Titrimetry:
Theory of acid base titrations - indicators used in acid - base
titrations - determination of acidity, alkalinity - Free CD in water - SO in air - Total
nitrogen in Soil Theory of complexometric-titratio_ns - with-special reference to
- EDTA titriitionS'-r'Metel' ion-iridicatbi'-- determination
of'hardness of water Estimation of Calcium and Magnesium in water and soil samples - Theory of
precipitation titrations - determination of chloride in water (Mohr's method) Theory of redox titrations.
(14 hrs)
Unit 4. Photochemistry - laws of photochemistry - quantum efficiency photochemical and photosensitized reactions - photochemical smog - simple photo
chemical systems NO/NO/O. Equilibrium, chemical equilibrium, acid base
equilibrium - ionic product - PH - Ph - solubility product and precipitation.
(12 hrs)
e
P
quality
in
the
s,Fe3+
DO, BOD and COD.
(1
I
hrs)
Unit 6. Environmental and Radio activity - Natural and Artificial radio activity measurement of radiation - interaction of radiation with matter - application or
radiation - energy production, medicine, agriculture, tracer - Hazards of radiation Three Mile Island, Windscale and Chdlhbyl accidents.
(12 hrs)
References:
1. Environmental Chemistry, Stanley. E. Manaban Williard Grant Press' Boston,
Masachusetts 1978.
2. Environmental Chemistry A.K'De'
3. Environmental Chemistry, Y.S.K' Bane{i 1994'
4. Environmental Radioactivity Merril Elsenbud, Academic Press 1996'
5. Organic Chemistry Vol.I, I.L. Finar ELBS
6. Voiel's text book of quantitative analysis Bessett. J' and others ELBS'
Longmann grouP 1978.
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
Syllabus
M.Sc.
- 201 0Admission
Eslco3- ENVrRONN/TENTAL Brol.octa- r (core)
(Sernester-f)
(75 hrs Credits 4)
Ecology & Environment
Definition; scope and history of Ecology; subdivisions, Environment,
inter-disciplinary nature of Environmental Science.
Unit
l.
(3 hrs)
guild and ecotone concept of .p"fi"r,
ical dominance; species diversity in
ersity; interaction between species
rasitism, allelopathy, commensalisms,
cooperation, mutation; ecological succession; ecotones urd .or".pt of edge effect;
ecological equivalents.
(1s hrc)
Unit 3. Energy Leveis in Ecosystem
Fundamental concepts related to energy; energy of Environment productivity
primary and secondary; food chains, food webs, trophic levels, trophic nature and-
e9"9logigaf pyramids, egoqyqlem e191geti9s.-
^
.
(20 hrs)
Unit 4. Biogeochemical Cycles
_ ?atterns and tlpes of biogeochemical cycles; Global cycles, oxygen, Hydrogen,
carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Sulphur in the terrestrial ecosystem.
(20 hrs)
Unit 5. Principles pertaining to Limiting Factors
Leibigs "law of the minimum"; Shelford's law of tolerance; Combined concept of
limiting factors; Conditions of existence as regulatory factors; physical factors of
importance as limiting factors.
(17 hrs)
References:
l. odum, E.P. Fundamentals of Ecology. w.B. Saunders, Indian Edition, 1996, s74
pp.
2. INSA, Biologicall\rtonitoring of the State of Environment (Bioindicators). INSA,
Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi, 1984.
3. Clarke, C.L. Elements of Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, 197g.
4. Freedman, B. Environmental Ecology, Academic press, 19g9.
5. sharma, P.D. Ecology & Environrnent. Rasogi publications, Meerut, 1996.
6. Sharma, P.D. Environmental Biology, Rastogi publications, Meerut, 1996.
7. chapman, J.L. & Reis, M.J. Ecology - principles and Applications, cambridge
University Press, Iondon, 1995.
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
ES 1 CO4-
M.Sc.
Syllabus - 201 0Admission
STATISTICAL COVIPIJTING (Core)
(Sernester-I)
(75 hrs; Credits 4)
l.
2.
J.
4.
5
Review of computers - How computers work - An overview of computers memory - IIO devices - System software and Application software - tlpes of
computers - PC, Mini, Mainframe and Super computers.
Processing data - How computers represent data (bits, bytes, ASCII code)- How
computers process data (CPU, ROM, RAM), Factors affecting processing speed
(Registers, memory, computer power, data bus and address bus, cache memory,
mathco processor) Intel, motorola, RISC processors - A brief description of
parallel processing.
Storing information - Magnetic storage devices - hard disc, floppy drive, tape
devices - organizing data on these devices - optical storage devices (CD-ROM,
CD-Recordable, DVD, WORM-disks) Average access time, data transfer rate.
Operating systems - A brief description of DOS, Windows and Unix commands, Unix file systems and Unix as multi user operating system'
Brief outline of MS-Office
-
Word, Excel, Powerpoint, etc.
(10 hrs)
lntroduction to
lnternet browsing.
6.
7.
"spreadsheets'- Sireadsh-eets"intbusindss'and otherbusinesiruses - creating a
worksheet (organizing data, designing work sheet, entering labels and values,
creating formulae, editing and formatting work sheets, adding charts, analyzing
the data, printing the worksheet.
Role of statistics in research: Statistics in research corlmon statistical issues survey method and experimental method for data communication - Design of
experiments - coding of data - tablation and presenting data (one-way and twoway frequencies)-histogram-bars, lines, and pie diagrams - summary statistics population and sample statistics.
(10 hrs)
8.
9.
Construction of graphs and charts: Construction of bar charts - chart options construction of pie charts, line charts - edit options for graphs.
Descriptive statistics using Excel - Data analysis park in Excel - descriptive
statistics - frequency distribution and histogram - cross tabulation and pivot
tables.
10.
11.
Basic probability and statistics: Probability fundamentals
of probability - fundamentals of inference.
- computation
and laws
(15 hrs)
Basics of C: Basic structure of Clanguage - programming style, constants and
variables, keywords, data t1pes, operators (arithmetic, relational and logical), yO
operators, character reading, writing, formatted input and ouqrut, decision making
(10 hrs)
in abranching, looping etc.
p
12.
13.
14.
Inferential statistics using Excel - estimation of unknown parameters - testing of
hlpotheses - statistic: tests concerning means (one sample Z and tests, two
samples Z and t tests). The F test for variance, the one-way analysis of variance.
The t' test for goodness of tests and for independence of attributes.
Correlation and simple regression analysis multiple linear equations
(15 hrs)
diagnostic analysis ofregression.
(a) Applications of Computer in Environmental Science: Computer Modelling
basics (with practical)
- Population growth and interaction (Lokta - Volterra model)
- Models for EIA (Environment Impact Analysis)
(b) Data analysis using any package - creating, editing, data tabulation and
Saph, plotting.
(c) Programming in C: Computation of mean - computation of SD - formulation
of frequency table - testing of mean - computation of correlation coefficient.(I5
hrs)
References:
1. P.K. Sinha, Computer Fundamentals, BPB Publication, New Delhi.
2. Peter Norton's Introduction to Computers.
3. Balaguruswami, Programming in C, Tata Mc Graw Hill
4. Boiron. S. Gofried, Schaums Series Programming in C-Mc Graw Hill
5. K.V.S. Sharma, Statistics made simple Prentice Hall of tndia.
6. Donald H Hamet and James Flonell. Data. Statistics and discussion models
with Exiel. John Wiley.
IF
UNTVERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc.
Syllabus
-
20
l0 Admission
ES1CPO1- CIIEI\/IISTRfa PR.ACTICAL
(Sernester-I)
- I (Core)
(75 hrs)
Unit
1.
Measurement of water quality parameters
Colour, turbidity, temperature, conductivity, acidity and alkalinity.
2.
Estimation of
Dissolved solids, free carbon dioxide, free chlorine, calcium and magnesium,
(EDATA method) Iron and manganese (colourimetric method) nitrate and nitrite
method), sulphide
ititrimetric/colourimetric method), Sulphate (titrimetric/gravimetric
chromium
ititrimetric method), fluoride (ion selective electrode/colourimetric method),
and lead (colourimetric method) and mercury.
Unit
Unit 3. Estimation of
a) BOD, COD an DO
b) Detergents (colourimetric method)
c) Oil and grease in water.
":T:ffiilr,r r"*roook of eirantitative Chemical Analysis - s* Baition (1989) ELBS.
Z.
3.
Water pollution by n.f. Sharma and H. Kaur. 2nd Edition (1997-98), Krishna
Prakashan Media (P) Ltd. Memrt.
Essential Environmental Science - Methods and Techniques. Ed. Simon Watts
and Lind say Halliwell (l196), Routledge, London'
\t
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
Syllabus
ES1CPO2
-
2010 Admission
PRACTICAL - I (Core)
- BIOLOG)a
(Sernester-I)
(75 hrs )
Ecorogicar Methods:
A. Estimation of Frequency, density, biomass, coverage and Importance Value
Index (IVD, for grasslands using quadrat, transect and point quadrat
methods.
B. Estimation of frequency, density, biomass, coverage and Importance Value
Index (IVI) for a midland ecosystem using quadrat, transect and point
quadrat methods.
C. Vegetation analysis for (i) association-2 x 2 contingency table and X2 test;
(ii) Correlation (iii) non-randomness (iv) diversity - Shamon & Wiener's
Diversity Index.
25 hrs
't
Analysis of Phytoplanktons in an Aquatic Ecosystem:
A. Preservation and identification - Lucky's drop method; Haemocytometer
method.
B. Primary Production - Biomass meth9od; chlorophyll estimation; Gaarder &
Gran's method.
r.
3
Identilicafion of Aquatic Mdcrophytes in i Selected tocal Ptind r.o.r.,lSrlt
A. Identification - Submerged macrophytes; Emergent macrophtes; Floating
B.
C.
D.
macrophyes.
Sampling - Techniques, Frequency estimation; Density estimation.
Biomass & Productivity estimation
Chlorophyllestimation.
5 hrs
4.
Routine Methods of Microbiological Examination of Potable Water:
Sample collection; Standard Plate Count (SPC); Probable Number (MPN) of
coilforms; MPN for faecal coilforms, calculation of MPN; Gram staining;
Comparison of a well water and sewage water sample for bacteriological
Drinking Water Quality as per BIS & WHO Standards.
35 hrs
References:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Trivedy, R.K., Goel, P.K.
&
Trisal, C.L. Practical Methods in Ecology
and
Environmental Science. Environmental Publications, Karad, India, 1987, 340 pp.
Richard J. Schmitz, lntroduction to Water Pollution Biology. Gulf Publishing
Company, Houston, Texas, 1996.
Patrick R. Dugan, Biochemical Ecology of Water pollution. Plenum Publishing
Corporation, 1975.
APHA, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. l6d'
Edn., American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., 1995,1268 pp.
13
UNTVERSITY OF CALICUT
Syllabus
-
M.Sc
2010 Admission
ES2CO5 - EAR.TII SCIENCE - 2 (Core)
(Sernester-If)
(75 hrs; Credits 3)
Unit 1. Spectrum of environmental geology
- ecological perspective - land; its use and
management. Land capability map - changes associated with highway construction;
water resource projects and urbanization. The land use plan - soil surveys in relation to
land use planning. Methods of site selection and evaluation.
(20 hrs)
Unit 2. Hydrologic cycle - elements in the cycle - interrelationships. Water resources nature of ground water - water bearing characteristics of soils and rocks - porosity,
permeability, specific yield, specific
retention
aquifer, aquitard, confined and
unconfined aquifers, leaky aquifers, artesian condition at Neyveli Lignite mine. Ground
eater level fluctuation. Recharge of ground water. Effects of withdrawal of ground
water. Salt water intrusion. Ground water provinces of lndia. Ground water potential of
Kerala. Quality criteria for ground water.
Unit 3. Rainfall -
observation techniques - recording and non self recording
instruments. Estimation of precipitation. Averaging techniques - Thiessen polygon and
isohyetals.
-r
(20 hrs)
Unit 4. Catastrophic geological hazards: floods, slope stability - land slides, avalanches.
Seismic, vocanic hazards and coastal hazards. Hazards zonation map. Prediction and
perception of the hazards adjustments to hazardous actiities.
Unit 5. Environmental impact of mining. Desertifrcation and degradation
Conventional and non conventional energy sources.
of
land.
(15 hrs)
Unit 6. Soil
- soil profile, soil texture - classification, physical properties - soil density
- porosity - soil consistence - soil colour - soil temperature. Soil water - infiltration permeability - percolation - soil water classification - soil moisture constants - air dry
weight - hy&oscopic coefficient - wilting percentage - field capacity. Measurement of
soil moisture-methods-gravimetric method-tensiometer-electrical conductivity moisture
calculation - available water. Soil erosion - soil conservation techniques.
(20 hrs)
References:
1. Engineering Hydrology - Subramanya. K., Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co.
Ltd., New Delhi.
2. Engineering Hydrology- Varshney. R.S., New Chand & Bros., Roorkee.
3. Water Resources and Hydrology, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.
ttt
4.
5.
6.
7.
Ground Water Hy&ology - Todd. D.K., John Wileys & Sons, New York.
Environmental Geology - Valdia. K.S., Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.,
New Delhi.
Atrnosphere Weather and Climate - Barry and Chorlay, The English Language
Book Society.
Climate of Kerala - Menon. P.A. and Rajan. K.C., Classic Publishing House,
Cochin.
IE
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
Syllabus
ES2CO6
M.Sc.
- 20lO Admission
- ENVIR ONVIENTALCIIENTIISTR.fa-2(Core)
(Sernester-II)
(75 hrs; Credits 3)
Unit
1. Analyical Methods in general -
classical and advances - methods relevant to
methods, Potentiometry - origin of
analyical
Electro
environmental analysis.
potential - potential measurement, standard electodes, reference electrodes,
conventions in potential measurement - potentiometric titrationas. Electrometric
pH determination - signal - sources of Error in pH measurement, glass electrode
- Ion sensitive electrodes for the determination of chlorides, sulphide, iltrate
flouorides.
(15 hrs)
Unit
2.
- Beer - Lamberts law - deviations from
Law Design of a filter photometer and single beam
Optical methods, Spectrophotometry
Beer
-
Lamberts.
Determination of Iron, nitrite, phosphate and ammonia in
water and waste water. Nephelometry and trubidimetry - determination of
turbidity sulphate content of water.
spectrophotometer
-
(14 hrs)
Unit 3. Chromatographic methods - Definition of the ierm chromatography - Theory of
chromatographic separation stationary and mobile phases Tlpes of
chromatographic separations - Gas chromatography, chromatography coupled
with mass spectrometry (GCMS) - Liquid chromatography - Choise of solvents
and stationary phases in chromatography and gel permeation chromatography Thin layer chromatography and paper chromatography.
(12 hrs)
Unit 4. Gravimetry - Precipitation methods - super saturation - coprecipitation and post
- precipitation - precipitation from homogeneous solution. Conditions for
obtaining a pure precipitate. Dryrng and ignition of precipitates - Determination
of Mg2*, SOl2- in natural waters by gravimetric methods.
(14 hrs)
Unit
5.
Neutron activation analysis, Anodic stripping Voltametry x-ray fluorescence,
- red spectroscopy - Gas chromatography - Mass spectrometry, Ion
lnfra
selective electrodes.
(12 hrs)
Unit
6.
Radiochemical methods - Measurement of radio activity - Radiochemical
methods - Measurement of radio activity - units - measuring devices - G.M.
Counter - scintillation counter.
(12 hrs)
References
1. Instrumental methods of chemical analysis G.W. Ewing
2. Environmental Chemistry B.K. Sharma & ..............
3. Fried Lander G; Kennedy. J.W. and Muller J.M. Nuclear and Radiochemistry 2nd
edn. John Wiely and Sons. N.Y. 1964.
4. Environmental Chemistry L.W. Moore and E.A. Moore.
5. Practical Organic Chemistry.
6. F.G. Mann and B.C. Sencnders 4th Edn. Orent Lorgmann.
7. Environmental Chemistry S.K. Beneril.
t7
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
Syllabus
ES2CO7
-
M.Sc
2010 Admission
BIOLOG)a - 2 (Core)
- ENVIRONNzIENTAL
(Sernester-II)
(75 hrs; Credits 3)
Unit 1. Ecological
Succession and biodiversity
- Concepts of habitats, niche, guild,
ecotone. Biological diversity; regulation of species, diversity; interaction between
species. Competition predation, herbivory, parasitism, allelopathy, commen salism,
cooperation, mutualism succession - Primary and Secondary succession; general
features of succession; pattern of interaction in succession.
(10 hrs)
Unit 2. Evolutionary Ecology - Behavioural adjustments; inheritance; inter-specific
competition; Speciation and evolution; variation in population characteristics; Natural
selection; Allopatric & Sympatric speciation; Natural selection - Domestication.
(10 hrs)
Unit 3. Natural Ecosystems
Physical chemical characteristics, fresh water, esturine
and marine ecosystems; Plankton, necton and benthons. Wetlands, mangroves and
their characteristics, Terrestrial biomes, tropical rain forests, tropical savanna and
-
deserts.
(25 hrs)
Unit 4. Pollution and Environmental health - Environmental pollution, concepts and
definitions, sources of pollution: industries, mining, agrochemical urbanization;
pollution of air water, land; impact of pollution on flora, fauna, human health,
Eutrophication Biodindicators of pollution, Green house effect; Ozone depletion;
Global warming.
(30 hrs)
References
1. Odum, E.. Fundamentals of Ecology, W.R. Saunders, Indian Edition, 1996.
2. INSA, Biological Monitoring of State of Environment (Bioindicators). INSA,
Bahadur Shah Marg, New Delhi. 1984.
3. Clark. C.L. Elements of Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, 1978.
4. Freedman B. Environmental Ecology, John Wiley & Sons, 1978.
5. Sharma P.D. Ecology & Environment, Rastogipub; Meerut, 1996.
6. Sharma, P.D. Environmental Biology, Rastogi***,1996.
7. Chapman J.L. & Relse, M.J. Ecology, Principles & Applications. Cambridge
University, London, 1995.
8. Krishnan Kannan. Fundamentals of Environmental Pollution, S. Chand & Co.
New Delhi, 1995.
g. Sharma, H. & Kaur. H. Environmental Pollution, Goel Publishing House, Meerut.
10. Maniavasakam, N. Environmental Pollution, National Book Trust, New Delhi,
1984, 146 pp.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Sharma. G.K. & Kaur, H.
Sharma, B.K.& Kaur, H.
Sharma, B.K. & Kaur, H.
Sharma, B.K. & Kaur. H.
Pollution, Goel Pub. House, Meerut.
:r Pollution, Goel Pub. House, Memrt.
& Noise Pollution, Goel Pub. House, Meerut.
& Radio Active Pollution, Goel Pub. House,
Meerut.
I
i
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
i
I
I
i
I
I
i
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
i
I
'I
I
I
I
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
Syllabus
ES2CO8
M.Sc.
- 2010 Admission
PIIfaSICS (Core)
- EN\/IR.ONI\TIENTAL
(Sernester-II)
(75 hrs; Credits 3)
1.
2.
3.
Motions of the Earth and seasons - Earth - Sun relationship - Earth's radiation
balance - Latitudinal and seasonal variation of insolation - radiation based laws
- vertical motion of air parcel in the atmosphere- Adiabatic and non-adiabatic
process - Vertical stability of atmosphere - Convection, turbulence and
diffusion - Temperature inversions and air pollution.
(15 hrs)
Pressure
elements
Meterological
and
composition
Atmosphere - Structure
Temperature - hurnidity - wind - Geostrophic wind - Gradient wind - Friction
layer wind - General circulation - Local winds - Clouds - Different types of
clouds - Forns of precipitation - Rain - Formation - Atrificial stimulation Wather systems - Monsoons - Tropical storms and Cyclones - Weather and
climate of Kerala and India - salient features.
(15 hrs)
Air masses - nature of air masses - origina and types of air masses movements of air masses - properties of warm and cold air masses - fronts general frontal characteristics - formation of fronts - types of fronts - warm
frbnts - cold fronts - stationary fronts - occluded fronts - optical features of the
atmosphere - refraction features - diffraction features - diffusion and scattering
features
4.
5.
-
auroras.
(15 hrs)
Nature of sound - physiological and physical properties - speed
interference of sound waves - reasonance - the Doppler effect - acoustics of
auditoriums - thunder and lighting - nolse pollution and control - constituents
of the nucleus - nuclear charge - mass and binding energy - radioactivity alpha, beta and gamma emission - successive disintegration - radioactive series
- nuclear reactions - energy released in fission and fusion.
(15 hrs)
Electromagnetic energy - electromagnetic spectrum - image characteristics sources of remote sensing information - aerial photography - interaction
between light and matter - film technology - characteristics of aerial
photographs - stereo photography - mosaics - infrared black and white
photography - UV photography - additive primary colours - subtractive
p.i-u.y iolours - IR colours photography - General features of manned
satellite imagery and landsat imagery - Environmental and land - use
applications of remote sensing - weather satellites'
(15 hrs)
of sound
References:
1. Applied Physics Co., New
York
.
Arthus Beiser, Schaum's Outline Series, Mc Graw Hill Book
fro
2.
Elements of Meteorology - Albert Miller, Jack C Thompson, Ricard E Peterson
and Donald R. Haragan, Charles E Merril Publishing Co., Columbus.
3. The Atmosphere - Frederick K Lutgens and Edward J Tarbuck, Prentice - Hall
Inc., New Jersey.
4. Physics for Technical Education - Dale Ewen, Leroy Heaton, Prentice Hall, Inc.,
New Jersey.
5. Introduction to Physics for Scientists and Engineers - Fredrick J Busche, Mc
Graw Hill Book Company, New York.
6. Introduction to Modern Physics - Richtmyer, Kennard and Cooper, Tata Mc
Graw Hill Pub. Co., New Delhi.
7. Remote Sensing - Principles and Interpretation - Floyd F Sabins, Jr., W. H.
Freeman and Co., San Franciso.
8. Principles of Remote Sensing - Paul J. Curran, Longman Scientific & Technical,
John Wiley & Sons, New York.
9. Remote Sensing of Environmental Sciences - Edited by Erwin Schanda, Springer
- Verlag, Berlin Heldelberg, New York.
10. Introduction to Environmental Remote Sensing - E. C. Barret and LF Curtls,
Champman and Hall, London.
11. lntroduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing - Charles Elachi,
John Wiley and Sons, New York.
12. Physics Part I and II - Resnick R and Halliday, Wiley Eastern
13. Concepts of Modern Physics - Beiser A, Mc Graw Hill International
14. Elements of Modern Physics - Patil, SH, Tata Mc Graw Hill Pub. Co Ltd.,
New Delhi
15. Applied Hydrology - K. N. Mutreja, Tata Mc Graw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd., New
Delhi.
16. General Meteorology - Horace Robert Byres - Mc Graw Hill Book company,
New York
17. Meteorology, William, I, Donna, Mc Graw Hill Book Company, New York.
2l
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
- 20l0Admission
CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL - 2(Core)
M.Sc. Syllabus
ES2CP03
-
(Semester
- II)
(75 hrs; Credits 3)
Detection of halogens, nitrogen and sulphur in organic compounds
Unit I.
Unit 2. Identification of the following by TLC
(a) Pesticides: Chlordane, DDT, Endosulfane, Heptachlor, BHC, Toxaphene
(b) Artifrcial sweeteners: Saccharin, dulcin
(c) Food colours: Tartazine, sunset yellow, amamath S. Ponceau 4
References
1. Practical rganic Chemistry by F. G. Mann and B. C. Saunders,4th Edition, Orient
Longman.
2. Thd- Layer Chromatography - A Laboratory Handbook, Ed. Egon Staphi, 2nd
Edition (1969). George Allen & Unvin. Ltd London.
3. Chromatography - Edited by Erich Heftmann, Vad Nostrand reinhold Company.
Note: The examination at the end of 2nd semester will cover ESlCP0l and ES2CP03
ly
UNIVERSITY OF CALIC UT
M. Sc Syllabus - 20l0Admission
ES2CPO4-BIOLOGY PRACTICALS-2 (Core )
(Semester
Unit
I.
Study of pond and esturaine ecosystem
- II)
(75hrs; Credits 3)
Sampling for physiochemical and biological analysis; Microphyes
Preservation, identification, abundance estimation biomass, chlorophyll, primaryproduction and respiration estimation; Zooplankton collection tf samples,
identification, estimation of biomass; Benthic macroinvertebrates sampling, colleciion,
identification.
(25 hrs)
Unit 2. Estimation of wter quality parameteres pH, temperature, conductivity, turbidity,
TSS, TDS, DO, BOD, sallnity, hardness, chloride, sulphate, nitrate, light penetration
using Sechi Disc.
(20 hrs)
Pollution Indicators - Collection, identification, documentation and preparation
of slides (10 slides to be prepared and submitted for the University Examination) of
organisms in water collected from polluted (organic/sewage and iniustrially
polluted)
and non-polluted sites.
Unit 4. Slide preparation (details given under 3).
Unit
3.
_
(30 hrs)
Note:- The examination at the end of 2"d semester will cover ESlCpo2 and
ES2Cp04
References:
I'
2
Thivedy, R. K., Goel, p.
3'
Patrick R. Dug-an. Biochemistry Ecology of Water Pollution. plenum publishing
Corporation, 1975.
K & Trisal, c. L. practical Methods in Ecology and
lilJlll:1ll,1Li;Y,T,1,i*,3"1?'J;;,ffi
LT
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc. Syllabus - 2010 Admision
ES3C09- ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY (Core)
(Semester - IID
(75 hrs; Credits 4)
Unit I. Introduction - Definition - Classification and scope of toxicology. Introduction
to toxicity testing - Tlpical toxicity test methods. Routes of Exposure and modes of
action. Biological factors that influence toxicity - Nutritional factors that influence
toxicity, Chemical factors that influence toxicity - genetic factors that influence toxicity;
Measurement and evaluation of the ecological effects.
(10 hrs)
properties,
definition,
Lipids Unit 2. Carbohydrates - definition, classification, and
classification and properties, Proteins - definition, classification and properties; amino
acids as constituents of proteins. Nucleic acid and nucleoproteins, Structure of DNA and
RNA and biochemical role of nucleic acids.
(12
hrs)
Unit 3. Metabolism and its major pathways - Carbohydrates, lipids and proteins.
Enzymes - definition, classification and properties, mechanism of enzyme action and
factors affecting enzpe activity.
(10
hrs)-
4.
Metabolism of toxic substances by animals: Uptake, excretion, chemical
localization and its consequences. Synergetic and antagonistic effects. Comparative
toxicology. Variations in metabolism in invertebrates and vertebrates. Metabolism of
toxic substances by plants: Uptake, translocation, metabolism and excretion. Plants as
pollution indicators - plants are toxicant sources.
Unit
(14
hrs)
Unit 5. Toxic substances released into the environment and their effects. Clostridium
toxins, staphylococcal entero toxins, mycotoxins and algal toxins. Atmospheric
toxicants: carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide,'chlorine, NOx, PAN, Hydrogen sulfide;
Acute poisons, and accumulative poisons. Systemic effects of toxic metals. Pesticides
and herbicides.
(14
hrs)
6.
Occupational health and health and health hazards: Radiation, particulate
emission, gaseous emission, corrosive and toxic chemicals, noise and vibrations;
Environmental epidemiology. Ecological studies, cross sectional studies, case control
studies, cohort studies. Interpretation of epidemiological studies, Assessment of
etiological relationships. Epidemiology in risk assessment.
Unit
(ls
hrs)
w
Y
References:
l.
2.
J.
4.
5.
7.
9.
10.
Duffus, John H. Environmental Toxicology, 1980. Edward Arnold Publishers.
Shkla J. P and Padney. Elements of Toxicolgoy. Radha Publishers, New Delhi.
Rand G. M and Perocelli . R. (Eds.) Fundamentals of Aquatic Toxicology, 1985,
Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, Washington.
Nordber. G (Ed.) Effects and Dose Response Relationship of Toxic Metals
Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co. New York.
Borland E and Goulding R. (Ed) Modern Trends Toxicology; Butterworths,
London.
Inorganic Contaminants of Surface waters, Research and Monitoring Priorities.
More J. W. 1991. Springer Verlag. New York.
Loomis. T. A and A. wallance Hayes. Essential of Toxicology (IV edition):
Academic Press London.
Cockerharm L. G and Shane B. S (Eds) Basic Environmental Toxicology. 1994.
CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA.
Murry et al. Harpers Biochemistry, 1996. Applet on and Large; Prentice Hall
Publishing. London.
Vasudevan D. M. and Sreekumar. S. Text Book of Biochemistry for Medical
students. 1998. Jalpee Brothers; Medical Publishers, New Delhi.
2{
ES3C10
-
T'NIVERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc Syllabus -2010 Admission
EI{\IIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY
(Semester
- IID
- 3 (Core)
(75 hrs ; Credits
3)
Unit I. Life and the Cell-Ultra structure of cell, cell wall, cell membrane, organells
and
their physiological functions, genetic materials of cells at molecular lev"i, gJ.retic
code
and protein synthesis, cell division and cell differentiation.
Unit
(25 hrs)
2'
Growth - Growth - Concept and definition, differentiation, developmeni,
pattern,
parameters, measurements, growth phases, environmental factors
qg*th
affecting growth, growth regulators and hormonis in plants and animals, flowering
and
environment. Genetic control of growth, senescene urd progrutn-ed cell death.
(20 hrs)
Unit
3.
Environmental effects on biological organisms Solar radiation as a source
of
energy, adaptation and responses to radiation, pollutions, water, soil
and air, stress
physiology of plants and animals, responses and stiategies.
(15 hrs)
Unit 4. Environmental Jvlicrobiology - Classification and characteristics of Mircrobes,
lifecycle, symbiosis and association; Microbial contribution to nutrient and energy
processes, decompositions of organic rnatter in the soil and atmosphere,
microbes and
mineral nutrition of plants, role of microbes in biogeocycles of carbon, nitrogen,
phosphorus and sulfur.
(ls
hrs)
References:
1.
2.
J.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Fosket. D. (1994). Plant Growth and Development, Academic press. New york.
odum. E.P. (1971) Fundamentals pf Ecology, Nataraj publishers, Dehradum.
Krebs. C. J. (1994), Ecology- The Experimental Analysis of Distribition and
Abundance, Addison Wesley Longman, New york.
Larcher. w (1975). Physiological plant Ecology, Springer verlag. Berlin.
Leofold. A. c. (1970). Plant Growth and Development, McGraw Hill co. New
York.
Prasad M. N. v. (1997), Plant Ecophysiology, John wiley & sons New york.
Oceutt. D. M.and Nilson E. T. (2000), Physiology of Plants Under stress: Soil and
Biotic Factors, John Wiley & Sons, New york.
ES3ClI -
T]NTVERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc Syllabus - 20lOAdmission
EI\TVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT (Core)
(Semester - IID
(75 hrs; Credits 3)
Unit I. Major, natural and man-made systems and their responses to environmental
stresses : fresh water systems, marine systems, esfuarine systems, forest systems,
agricultural systems and urban systems; prevention and management of ecological
disasters.
(10 hrs)
renewable and non-renewable resources - water, air, soil,
2.
Resource limitations forest and energy resources environmental effects of pollutions, land degradation, soil
erosion, desertifi c ation and salinization-world food situation.
(10 hrs)
Unit
-
Environmental concerns - population, indusffialization, urbanization, natt[al
calamities, waste management - Rural sector: agriculture and forestry - Urban sector:
storm water, sewage, solid wastes, intra and inter city transportation, water supply pollution of air, *at"r and land - Energy sources: fuel wood, fossil fuels hydro-power,
nuclear power Non-conventional energy sources: Solar, wind, wave tidal, geothermal.
Unit
3.
-
(15 hrs)
Unit 4. Concept of sustainable development - Economic growth and development
sustainability - concept of clean production and waste minimization.
-
(7 hrs)
Unit 5. Environmental economics - Need for integrated study of ecology and
economics - scope of environmental economics - Basic theory of environmental
economics - Pollution and its effect on economy - Pollution externalities and economic
efficiency - Abatement costs and pollution costs - Economic valuation techniques of
environmental benefits: Market value approach, surrogate market approach, survey
techniques, Delphi methods, Litigation and compensation approach, Replacement cost
approach
-
social cost benefit analysis.
(15 hrs)
Unit 6. Environmental Equity - Inequity in developmental projects; examples: water
from forest and rural areas supplied to urban elite at subsidized rates - Development
refugees.
(3 hrs)
Environmental mandgement practices Development of internal standards
Unit
ISO and other international standards environmental auditing as a management
information system Objectives and process of audit - Guidelines for planning the audit
7.
-
-
-
-
-
the role of environmental auditing in EIA.
(15 hrs)
References:
1.
2.
Carter. L. W., 1977 - Environment Impact Analysis - Mac Graw Hill.
Victor P. A. (1972). The Economics of Pollution, Mathew, London.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Rogene
Hall.
& Buchoize (1993) Principles of Environmental Management
Beder. S (1993) The Nature
of
- Prentice
Sustainable Development. Scribe Publication,
Australia.
Robert. F. G & Dorothy F. N. Man & the Changing Environment.
Adisehiah M. S. (1987) Economics of Environment.
The World Commission on Env. & Development: Our Common Future; Oxford
University Press.
Gadail M. (1995) Ecology & Equity, Routledge London. (Malayalam Translation
published by Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishat 1998).
Indian Ist. Of Ecology & Environment, New Delhi
a. Occasional monographs 11,22,41,42,51,7077,87b. Environment lnternational 42,51,71,72,75,76'84,85,86.
c. Hamara Paryavaran 63,66,74.
UMYERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc Syllabus - 2010 Admission
ES3C12
- BIO DMRSITY
(Semester III)
(Core)
(75 hrs; Credits 3)
Unit I. Bio diversity & Conservation - Concept of Bio diversity; Levels, mechanisms,.
Importance; Living resources; Genetic resources; Threat to genetic diversity; Bio
diversity in India; Practice in conservation in situ conservation of plants & animals, ex
situ conservation of plants & animals; National initiative for collection and preservation
of plant & germ plasm
(25 hrs)
Forest Management - Forests; Importance of forests in preserving ecological
balance: Depletion of forests forest management; Traditional &economical concepts;
Farm forestry/Agroforestry; Social forestry; National enactments for forest protection The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 (with amendments); Forest Protection Act, 1980 (with
amendments); Sanctuaries, National parks 7 Biosphere Reserves.
(10 hrs)
Unit 3. Bio diversity Documentation - Collection and documentation of data methods;
observation, questionnaire, interviews, case studies; documentation; Collecting filtering
and documenting traditional knowledge; remote sensing and its application in bio
diversity mapping; Geographic information system and its application in bio diversity
conservation.
Unit
2.
Unit
4.
(t5.hrs)
:
Population and community Ecology - Introduction; Population dynamics;
Species richness; Population growth form; Malthusian growth; Logistic growth; seasonal
and random fluctuation; Population cycles; Population dynamics; Dispersion,
aggregation, isolation & territorialism; Demography; World human population growth,
future trends; Natural constraints; Oxygen supply, food supply.
(25 hrs)
References,
1.
odum, E.
574 pp)
2.
3.
4.
5.
7.
P.
Fundamentals of Ecology.
w. B. Saunders, Indian Edition, 1996,
INSA. Biological Monitoring of the state of Environment (Bioindicators). INSA
Bahadur shahZafar Ma.g. NewDelhi. 1984.
Clareke, C. L. Elements of Ecology, John Wiley & Sons, 1978.
Freedman, B Environmental Ecology. Academic Press, 1989.
Di castri, F & Younes, T (Ed.) Bio diversity: Science & development towards a
new partnership CAB International UK.
Bol Frame & Joe Victor (Eds.) Bio diversity; Conservation: forests, wetlands and
Deserts. Tata Energy, Research Institute, New Delhi . 1999, 153 pp 7.
Bhat, J. L & Desh Bandhu. Bio diversity for Sustainable Development. Indian
Environmental Society, Delho, 1994, 100 pp.
4
TIMVERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc Syllabus - 2010 Admission
ES3E01
- Environmental
Impact analysis (Theory paper) @tective)
(Semester
III)
(75 hrs, Credits 4)
UNIT-I
Basic concept of EIA: Orgins of EIA; development of, and legislative background to, EIA in India, Initial
environmental Examination, Element of ElA,-Factors affecting EIA, Impact evaluation and analysis,
preparation of Environmental Base map, Classification of environmental parameters
UMT-II
EIA Methodologies: Introduction, Criteria for the selection of EIA Methodology, Screening and Scoping
criteria, EIA methods, Ad-hoc methods, matrix methods, Network method, Environment Media Quality
Index method, Overlay methods, cost/benefit Analysis.
UNIT-III
Impact of Developmental Activities and Land use: Introduction and Methodology for the assessment of soil
and ground water, Delineation of study area, Identification of actives.
UNIT-TV
Predicting environmental impacts: prediction methods, criteria for selecting methods, examples of
prediction techniques, procurement of relevant soil quality, Impact prediction, Assessment of Impact
significance, Identification and Incorporation of mitigation measures. EIA in surface water, Air and
Biological environment: Methodolgy for the assessment of Impact on surface water environment, Air
pollution sources, Generalized approach for assessment of Air pollution Impact.
UNIT-V
Assessment of Impact of development Activities on Vegetation and wildlife, environmental Impact of
Deforestation-Cause and effects of deforestation. EIA in planning process and decision making: decision
paths, the scope for public involvement, relationship with economic and social impact assessment.
UNIT-VI
Migration and compensation measures, monitoring and evolution, Environmental Audit and Environmental
legislation objectives of Environmental Audit, Types of environmental Audit, Audit protocol, stages of
Environmental Audit, onsite activities, evolution of Audit data and preparation of Audit report.
UMT.VII
Post Audit activities, The environmental pollution Act, The water Act, The
Air (Prevention and Control of
pollution Act), Mota Act, Wild life Act.
UNIT-VItr
Case studies and preparation of Environmental impact assessment statement
practice in India and its evaluation using SWOT analysrs.
for various industries. EIA
REFERENCES:
l.
2.
3.
4.
Environmental impact Assessment Methodologies, by
Y. Anjaneyulu,
B.S.publication, Sultan
Bazar, Hyderabad.
Environmental Science and Engineering, by J. Glynn and Gary W. Hein Ke-Prentice Hall
Publishers.
Environmental Science and Engineering,
by
Suresh
K. Dhaneja-S.K., Katania and Sons
Publicati on., New Dethi.
Environmental pollution and Control, by Dr.H.S. Bhatia-Galgotia Publication(P) Ltd, Delhi
TTNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
M.
ES3E02
-
Sc Syllabus
-
2010 Admission
Remote Sensing (Theory
(Semester III)
paper) (Elective)
(75 hrs, Credits 4)
REMOTE SENSING, GIS and GPS-Syllabus
l. Fundamentals of Remote sensing-Definition Concept of Remote Sensing , Why Remote sensing?
Principles of Remote sensing, Advantages of remote sensing and Applications.
Unit 2. Components of Remote Sensing, Seven elements in Remote sensing- Electromagnetic spectrum,
Characteristics of Electro magnetic radiation-infrared region, Transmission path, Atmospheric windows,
Interaction with the Atmosphere, Platform-Ground-Based platforms, Ariel Platforms, Satellite Platforms.
Unit 3. Types of Remote Sensing- Passive Remote Sensing, Active Romote Sensing, Thermal Infrared
Remote Sensing, Temperature-Energy relationships, Detectors, Thermal Infrared Imaging, Imaging with
Microwave Radar (Microwave Remote sensing), Radiometry Black Body Radiation Reflectance Remote
Unit
Sensing syst€m, Scanner.
Unit 4. Remote Sensing Data- Importance of data in remote sensing. Data sources . Remote sensing in
India, Disadvantages. Remote sensing data utilization.
Unit 5. DIP and Visual Interpretation-.Fundamentals of Digital Image_Processing_Different
steps in DIP.
Vi sual interpretati on keys. Ex ampl e-vi sual i nterpietati on
6. Remote Sensing Applications-Disaster management, Forestry Agriculture, Land use change,
Climate prediction and change monitoring etc.
Unit
7. Principles of Global Positioning systems- Definition , Working principles- Elements of GPSDifferent GP systems, Application of GPS, Disaster management Forestry Agriculture Tourism, GPS in
GIS, GPS in Geo-informatics
Unit
Unit 8. GIS and components-Hardware, software, data, methods and people, Role of each GPS and remote
Sensing-Geo-informatics, Inter-relation between GIS, GPS and RS. Applications.
REFERENCES
l. Remote sensing Principles and Applications by Panda. Viva publication, New Delhi.
2. Remote sensing and GIS by Bhatta, Oxford Publication.
3. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing by Jain
4. An Introduction to Geographical information Systems by Ian Heywood, Sarah Comelius, Steve
Carver and Srnivasa Raju, Pearson education New Delhi.
5. Fundamentals of Geographic information System by Debashish Chakraborty and Rabi N sahoo,
Viva Books, New Delhi.
6. Advanced Surveying-Total station, GIS, Remote Sensing by Satheesh Gopi, Sathikumar and
Madhu, Pearson education, New Delhi.
7. Global positioning system and Surveying using GPS by Satheesh Gopi. Grace publication,
Trivandrum.
*
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc Syllabus
ES3CP05
-
-
2010 Admission
SOIL CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL (Core)
(Semester
III)
(75 hrs; Credits 3)
Determination of Organic matter of Soil.
Determination of NPK
Determination of Soil PH, EC, Moisture.
Determination of Calcium Magnesium.
Determination of total Organic Carbon.
Analysis of Pesticides using TLC
Textual analysis of sand - Sieve method and settling analysis.
Determination of Mechanical Properties - Bulk volume, Void Index, Bulk
Density, Porosity, Permeability, Infiltration, Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit and
Plasticity Index.
References:
1. Trivedi P. R & Raj Guradeo: Environmental Water & Soil Analysis - Akasdeep
Pub. House, New elhi.
2. Egon Stall: Thin Layer Chromatography A Lab Hand Book, Springer Verlag.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
33
ES4C13
-
I.INIVERSITY OF CALICUT
M. Sc Syllabus - 2010 Admission
STATE OF ENVIRONMENT IN II\DIA (Core)
(Semester
IV)
(75 hrs; Credits 3)
I. Land - Classification of India into different geographical zones - agricultural
land - gazing land- Arid zones
(6 hrs)
Unit 2. Water - India's water budget - Water demand - Ground water - Inland and
riverine fisheries - sea shores - Marshy land.
(6 hrs)
Unit 3. Forest - Classification of forests - Depletion of forests trough the years after
Unit
independence
-
farm forestry
-
social forestry
-
National Forest Policy of lndia.
(6 hrs)
4. Atmosphere - State of Urban pollution in India - Automobile pollution
Industrial pollution - Suspended particulate matter - Acid rains
(6 hrs)
Unit
Unit
-
5. Habitat - The housing crisis in India - Problem related to the slums
(6 hrs)
Unit
6.
People
resources
Unit
Population and its effect on environment
.
7.
monality
-
.:.':..-.
:
-
Women and natural
":_(6hrs)
- Health indicators - Life expectancy, male -female ration, infant
Polio eradication programme - Malaria eradication prograrnme - Iodine
Health
-
deficiency
(8 hrs)
Energy - Energy policy of India - per capita availability of electric energy Bio-gas energy - Natural gas - Status of nuclear energy and solar energy in India.
(8 hrs)
Unit 9. Resources - Genetic resources - Crop genetic resources - medicinal herbsThreat to genetic resources - Patents and intellectual property rights.
(8 hrs)
Unit 10. Major environmental movements in India - Chipko movement - Bosbnoi
movement - Silent Valley movement - Baliapal - Nrmada Valley projects and Narmada
Bachao Andolan
Unit
8.
(15 hrs)
References:
1.
Government of India publications
a. National Forest Policy of India
b. National Energy Policy of India
}\
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
.
7
Sreedharan K., Narmada Thatayappenunna Jeevithapravaham (Mal.). Kerala
SastraSahitya Parishat, 2001 .
State of India's Environment. The Citizen's Report, (First, Second, Third, Fourth
and Fifth), Center for Science and Environment, New Delhi, 1996.
Alvares, C & Billorey R: Damming the Narmada, APPEN, 1998.
Silent Valley Project, Kerala Sastra Sahitya parishat, 1980
Occasional Monographs, lndian Inst. Of Ecology & Environment, New Delhi.
Survey of the Environment, The Hindu, Chennai 1992 to 2000.
3{
TIAIIYERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc.
Syllabus - 20l0Admission
ES4C14 - EIYVIROI\MENTAL LAW (Core)
(Semester
- IY)
(74hrs; Credits 3)
Unit
1. Historical Background-Rachel Carson and development of awareness-Stockholm
Conference 1972: Major Resolutions- Only One Earth policy- Declaration of June 05 as
World Environment Day. Brief description of the objectives and fields of activity related
to the environment, of the following UN for a: FAQ, WHO ECOSOC, UNDP, WCED,
UNCED ruCN, CITES- Barobi convention 1982.
(Shours)
Unit 2. Rio Summir Rio Summit 1992- Rio declaration of the Earth Charter- Statement
of the 27 pinciples of the Earth Charter- Importance of World Summit on Sustainable
Development (WSSD) 2002.
(8hrs)
Unit 3. Lnportant lnternational Conventions- Brief introduction on the objectives of
a.
b.
Basel Convention on Transport of Hazardous Chemicals
Ramsar Convention 1971.
c. Vtoritreil Protocol 1987.
d. Bio diversity Convention 1992.
e. Kyoto protocol 1997.
(shrs)
Unit 4. Human Rights & Environment- Natural Laws- The articles of Human Rights
Declaration related to environment: Art 3 Right to Life, Art 7 Equality before Law, Art
17 Right to property, Art 23 Work Environment, Art 25 Standard of Life and Healthlnternational Convention Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966. lnternational
Convention on Discrimination against Women 1981- International Convention of the
Rights of Children.
(8hrs)
Unit 5. Environmental protection in India- General provisions- Asoka's Edicts related to
protection of environment- Common Law Remedies- Easement rights and riparian rightsSection 9 & 9I of Civil Procedure Code and Section 133 of Cr. Procedure CodeConstitutional provisions: Section 21, 32, 5 I A, 5 I A(g), 48 A, 226.
Unit 6. Environment Protection in India- specific Enactments
Silent features and important provisions of the following acts & rules:
a.
b.
The Wild Life Protection Act 1,972 with 1992 amendments
The lndian Forest Act 1927 & Forest Conservation Act 1980
sh
c. The Water Pollution Act 1974
d. The Air Pollution Act 1974
e. The Environment Protection Act 1986
f.
The National Env. Tribunal
g.
h.
Biomedical Waste Management & Handling Rules 1998
Act
1995.
CRZ Notification
(25hrs)
Unit 7. Regulating Agencies in lndia- Ministry of Environment and Forests: its functions
and powers- The Constitution, functions and powers of the Central and State Pollution
Control Boards.
(5hrs)
Unit 8. Landmark Law Suits on Environment
Importance of the following law suits
a. M.C.Mehta: Oleans gas leak case, AIR 1987 Sc. 965.
b. M.C.Mehta: Oleans gas leak case, AIR Sc. 982.
c. M.C.Mehta: Pollution of the River Ganga, AIR 1988, Sc. 1037.
d.
e.
M.C. Mehta: re. Safety of Taj Mahal, AIR 1997-l , Sc.7)4
f.
Raltam Municipality Vs Wardhi Chand AIR 1980, Sc.1622
Banabasi Sevasram VS U.P. Govt., AIR 1987 5c.374
g. Narmada Bachao Andolan Vs Union Govt. & NBA,2000
References:
l.
World Commission on Environment
&
Development: "Our Common Future",
Oxford University Press.
2. Leela Krishnan - "Law & Environment"
3. Roscheraz - "Environment Law & Policy in India"
4. Aravindakshan (Ed.) 2000 Scientist, CWRDM, Kunnamangalam -
"Parishthithi
Vigyana Kosam". Kerala State Inst. Of Encylopaedic Pub. (Mal)
5. Sreedharan K (2001): "Narmada", Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parshat (Mal)
6. Lohithakshan (2002): "Parishthithi Niyamangal", Kerala State Inst. Of Languages
(Mal.)
7.
Indian Inst. Of Ecology & Environment, New Delhi
a. Occasional Monographs 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60
b. Environment International 51, 52,53,54
c. Hamara Paryavasam
66,67
sr
UMVERSITY OF CALICUT
M.Sc.
- 2010 Admission
ES4E0! FooD ADULTERATTN AND DETECTTON ( Etective)
Syllabus
( Semester
- IV)
(75 hrs; Credits 4)
I'
Unit
Food spoila_ge and poisoning. Spoilage caused
enz)rmes, insects and food constituents
by molds, yeasts,
bacteria,
(10 hrs)
Unit 2' Food poisoning - food poisoning caused by chemicals, poisonous plants
and
microorganisms - Food hygiene in the prevention of food poisooirrg 'factors
contribution to outbreaks of food poisoning Personal hygience oi food
h-andler, food
hygiene in food manufacture and food hygiene in retail trade. Detection
and control of
poisoning cause by clostridium botuninum, c. perfringens, staphyocous
aureus and
Aspergilles species.
(15 hrs)
3.
Unit
Methods and Principles of food preservation
-
-
Preservation by salting, using
coo[n!, concentration
sugar antibiotics, chemicals, by drying, fermentation, irradiation,
and by heat.
Unit
4.
Food adulteration
-
intemational and incidental adulterants. Common
adulterants and methods for their detection
(8 hrs)
Unit 5. Pesticides contamination - kinds of pesticides - insecticides, fungicides,
herbicides, fumigants, rodenticides, nematPcides
- classification based on chemical
group- kinds of insecticides based on mode of action cadmium contamination and
its
detection.
(10 hrs)
Unit
6.
Atomic Absorption spectro photometer (AAS) Flame photometry
- Applcation in the environmental chemical analysis
and methodology
-
principle
(10 hrs)
Unit 7. Nuclear Magnetic reasonance spectroscopy
Environmental chemical analysis.
-
Theory and application in
(7 hrs)
References:
1.
Z.
Jacob, Thankamma Food Adulteration.1976. Mc Millan Pub'
Kalia M
&
Ludhiannan
3.
4.
Second. Food preservation and processing. 1996. Kalyani
-
Pub.
New Delhi.
Hobbs B. c & Roberts D. Food poisoning ad food hygiene. 6th Edn. 1993.
Edward Arnold Public London'
Instrumental methods of Analysis, Willard H H., Merrit L. L' Dean J. A., Settle
F. A. CBS Publishers & Distributors, India 1986.
$?
TJNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
M. Sc.
Syllabus - 2010 Admission
ES4E04 - Green Chemistry (Elective)
(Semester
- IV)
(75 hrs; Credits 4)
Unit I
Green Chemistry- Concepts
The concept of Green chemistry: - Definition of Green Chemistry, Principles of
Sustainable and Green chemistry. Atom Economy, Inherently atom economic
reactions (Diels- Alder reaction, Claisen realrangement and Michael additionIntroductory examples only) , E-factor.
(15 Hrs)
Unit II
Green Chemical Methods
Major Green Chernical Methods:- Photochemical Syrthesis ( examples only)
Reactions uuder microwave conditions, Solvent fi'ee synthesis, Organic reactions in
water, lonic liquids, Sonochemistry, Use of Supercritical Solvents like Supercritical
carbondioxide and supercritical water.
Reference:
1.
2.
3.
(15 Hrs)
P. T. Anastas and J. C. Warner, Green Chemistr: Theory and Practice, Oxford
University Press, Oxford, 1998;
James Clark and Duncan Macquarrie, Handbook of Green Chemistry and
Technology, Blackwell Science, 2002
J.H.Clark The chemistry of Waste Minimization, Blackie Academic, London,
1995
Unit III
Biotransformations in Chemistry
lntroduction to biocatalysis, Advantages and disadvantages of Biocatalysts.
Biocatalytic applications, Enzymes commonly used in organic transformations and
prominent enzymatic transformations. Immobilized biocatalysts, Different
immobilization methods, prominent solid supports for immobilization. Advantages
and disadvantages of Immobilized biocatalysts.
(15 Hrs)
Reference:
1. K.Faber, Biotransformations in Organic Chemistry, Springer
2. P.Y. Brice, Organic Chemistry, Prentice Hall
3. R.B. Silverman, Organic Chemistry of enzyme catalyzed reactions, Academic
Press.
Unit IV
Green Catalysts and Process for Industry
An introduction to Solid Acids - Clays , Zeoloites and Mesoporous materials ( Mont
Kl0, KSF, ZSM 5 and Nafion H). Origin of acidity in Solid acids. An introduction
to Supported reagents like "Clayfen" and "Claycop". Applications of Solid Acids and
supported reagents in organic synthesis.
(15 Hrs.)
References
l.
2.
3.
4.
P. T. Anastas and J. C. Wamer, Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice, Oxford
University Press, Oxford, 1998;
James Clark and Duncan Macquarrie, Handbook of Green Chemistry and
Technology, Blackwell Science, 2002
J.H. Clark The chemistry of Waste Minimization, Blackie Academic, London,
1995
J. H, Clark, Catalysis of Organic Reactions by Supported Inorganic Reagents;
VCH: New York, 1994
Unit IV
Polymer Supported Reagents and Solid Phase organic Synthesis- A Green Chemical
Perceptive
Polymeric reagents, polymeric carriers, polymeric catalysts. Advantages of
-polyineric're:igentS'ahd catalystS. ReQUired properties of a polyneric material that
will be used as a carrier. An
Introduction to solid phase organic synthesis,
Common resins for organic sththesis, split and pool synthesis.
(15 Hrs.)
References
l.
2.
3.
4.
5.
P. T. Anastas and J. C. Warner, Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice, Oxford
University Press, Oxford, 1998;
James Clark and Duncan Macquarrie, Handbook of Green Chemistry and
Technology, Blackwell Science, 2002
J.H. Clark, The chemistry of Waste Minimization, Blackie Academic, London,
t995
J. H. Clark, Catalysis of Organic Reactions by Supported Inorganic Reagents;
VCH: New York, 1994
T.J. ,Mason Sonochemistry, The Use of ultrasound in Chemistry, Royal Society
of Chemistry London, 1990
'
,*r
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
M. Sc.
Syllabus - 2010 Admission
ES4CPT- PROJECT DISSERTATION & \IM VOCE (Core)
(Semester
- IV)
(225 hrs; Credits g)
Every student of the M. Sc. Env. & Water Management course should submit a project
report and appear for a viva voce test based on the project. The student may select a
relevant topic with the advice of the guide. The student is expected to select the topic at
the end of the 3d semester and start the work by the beginning of tho 4I semester and
submit the dissertation by the end of the 4o semester. Tree copies of the report have to be
submitted.
The evaluation oft eh project report will be made by a committee of four examiners of
which one shall be the Project Guide and the other shall be from outside the institution
where the student underwent the course. The External examiners shall be one each from
Chemistry. Biology and Geology and may be from academic, industrial or research
institutions.
h%
Model question Papers
+t
FIRST SEMESTER M.Sc. DEGREE EXAMINATION
Environmental Science- Semester-l
Time: Three
ESICOI_ EARTII SCIENCE-I
hours
Total Weightage
:36
I
Section
A , Answer a!! questions, Weightage
1. Define podzolisation.
2. Define porosity and permeability of a rock.
3. What is'mud bank'?
4. What is diastrophism?
5. Define the term 'Berm'.
6. Distinguish between S and P waves.
7. What is an Epicentre?
8. What is polymorphism? Give examples.
9. What is an island arc?
1x14 =
i4)
10. Explain the term 'Sial' and 'Sima'.
1 1. What is Planetesimal hypothesis?
12. Define drainage density.
13. Name the different types of plate boundaries.
14. Define lithosphere and Asthenosphere.
II
-
Section B, Answer any seven of the following, ( Weightage ,2xT = 141
15. What are Wave-cut platforms and drowned valleys? How is it formed?
16. Give an account of intemal constitution of the earth.
i7; Exillain the proies.s of sia-flo6r sprbdOingj based cin PaiaeoihSghetic evidence.
18. Give the diagnostic physical properties of the following minerals :
(a)Felspar (b)Homblende (c) Garnet (d) Gypsum
19. Explain the impact of the Coastal Regulation zone Act with particular reference to
Kerala.
20. How the sedimentary rocks are formed? Give atleast 3(three) examples with their
characteristic features of identification.
21. What are the hotspots and how do they help to determine rates and directions of
plate movement?
22. Explain briefly the important diagnostic properties of common minerals
23. Explain the physical, chemical and biologicalfactors on "weathering".
24. Explain the effect of stream action on land forms.
III.
Section C, Answer any two of the following ( Weightage, 2x4 = 8l
25. Explain the various sources of water pollution. Give a brief account of pollution
scenario of any one of the rivers in Kerala.
26. Explain the process of soil erosion. What are the different methods used to estimate
soil erosion? How soilerosion can be controlled?
27. What are the extrusive and intrusive bodies? Distinguish between a concordant and
discordant body and give examples.
28. Explain the various theories associated with the origin of the earth.
F.IRST SEMESTER M.Sc DEGREE EXAMINATION
Environmental Science- Semester-l
ES I
Time : Three
IV
V
vI
hours
CO2- ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY-I
Total Weightage : 36
Section A, Answer allquestions, ( Weightage, 1x 14= 141
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
What is artificial radioactivity?
Explain the term 'eutrophication'.
Distinguish between a pollutant and a contaminant'
What are the sources of nitrogen oxides in the atmosphere?
What is chain reaction? Why are nuclear fission processes considered as chain
reactions?
6. Solubility product of Ag2CrOa is 1.7x10'12. Calculate its solubility.
7. Why are amines described as derivatives of ammonia?
8. What is formaline? Give the important uses of formaline.
9. Define"ChemicalConcentration Factor'.
10. What is the significance of COD test?
1 1. Why are alpha particles that are absorbed internally by the body particularly dangerous?
12. lndicate the permissible limits for nitrite and phosphate in drinking water.
13. How do you purpose to control CO emission?
14. What is metal ion indicator? Give examples.
Section B, Answer any seven of the following, ( Weightage,2xT = 141
15. Briefly explain the working of Geiger counter.
16. Define hardness of water. What are the different types of hardness? Explain.
17. Discuss the importance of green house effect in temperature control.
18. Compare the properties of soap with that of detergent.
.19. What are the different types of ch.lorofluorocarbons? How do they pollute the
environment?
20. What are the chemical processes for the formation of inorganic particulate matter in the
atmosphere?
21. Describe any one method for the estimation of nitrate in a water sample.
22. Give two examples each for the reactions of aldehydes, ketones and alcohols.
23. What is EDTA? Explain the mechanism of complexometric titrations using EDTA
24. Bnefly explain the reactions of alkenes and alkynes.
Section G, Answer any two of the following ( Weightage.2 x 4 = 8l
25 (a) How are human activities likely to change the global climate?
(b) How does the automobile exhaust contribute to air pollution? Explain different
methods to control it.
26 (a)What are photochemical reactions? Define and explain quantum efficiency. (b)Explain
p_hotqsensitization with two examples. How does it differs from catalysis?
27 (a)Describe how radionuclide can be used in (a)agriculture (b)medicine?
(b)Discuss the practical limitations associated with the use of nuclear fusion as a source
of energy.
28 (a)Describe the method for the estimation of (a)solid and (b)phosphate in water samples.
(b)Discuss the theory of indicators with reference to methyl orange and phenolphthalein.
Describe the limitations of their use in acid-base titrations.
FIRST SEMESTER M.Sc. DEGRBE EXAMINATION
4,8
Environmental Science- Semester
ESTCO3- ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY
Time : Three
hours
I
Total Weightage : 36
VIISection A, Answer all questions, ( Weighlage,lxl4 =
1. What is meant by detritus food chain?
2. What are biological clocks?
3. Comment on the scope of ecology.
4. What are stenothermal organisms?
5. What is meant by biological magnification?
6. What is Leibig's law of minimum?
7. What is microsere?
8. What is autotrophic succesion?
9. What is the phenology of a community?
141
10. What is meant by carrying capacity?
11. What is a gallery forest?
12. What is woodland stage in a hydrarch?
13. What is law of entropy?
14. What is character displacement?
VIII
section B, Answer any seven of the fottowing ( weightag e,2xl = 141
15. Describe briefly the orygen cycle in nature.
16. What is.the ecological.role of biodiversity?
_.17. Explain the mineral cycles in the terrestrial ecosystems.
18. Give an account on the general pattern of energy flow in foresi ecosystems.
19. Write a note on artificialecosystems.
-; r
20. Comment on ecological niche.
21. Write notes on tenitoriality and home range of organisms.
22. Comments on Environmental productivity
23. What are ecotones? Explain the concept of edge effect.
24. Explain Liebig's 'law of minimum and shelford law of tolerance.
IX section c, Answer any two of the foltowing
, ( weightate,2x4 = gl
25. Write an account on the ecological pyramids.
26. Describe the concept of productivity in an ecosystem.
27. Write an account on the ecosystem energetic.
28. Give an account on the various types of interaction among organisms of a
community.
First semester M.Sc. Degree examination
Ab
{
Environmental Science- Semester- I
ESICO4 - Computational Techniques
Time: Three hours
Section A, Answer al! questions , ( Weightage, 1x14 =
1. What is meant by a data?
2. Describe the term population?
X
Total Weightage: 36
14l.
3. What is a variable?
4. Give the features of frequency table?
5. What is a histogram?
6. Distinguish between Pictograms and Cartograms?
7. What you meant by quartiles?
8. Define the term deviation?
9. What are the three parts of CPU?
10. Give some examples for input devices?
11. Distinguish between hardware and software ?
12. What are the five programmes included in MS Office?
'13. How will you add page numbers in a document?
14. How will you start new document in the Word program?
It Section B, Answer any seven of the
following ( Weightage,2xT =
141
15. Briefly mention the steps to start MS Word from Windows?
16. What is a programming language?
17. How will you print a current page of a document ?
18. Mention the steps to select a line for editing?
19. What is the significance of cut and paste command in Word ?
20. What are the different levels of programming languages?
21. Draw a flow chart to find maximum of three numbers:A,B,C?
22. Distinguish between skewness and kurtosis ?
23. How do applied statistics differ from other statistical method?
24. Briefly explain the laws of probability
lll Section C, Answer any two of the following ( Weightage,2 x 4 = 8)
25. What is meant by hypothesis?.What is the significance of testing a hypothesis?
26. What is sampling? What are the types of sampling ?
27. Distinguish between Student't' test and Chi square test?
28. Write a note on Regression and Correlation of data?
Fly UP