...

fi' II=E

by user

on
Category: Documents
4

views

Report

Comments

Description

Transcript

fi' II=E
fi'
I
a-/ -- ^^
(.U1'1'ectlve
f :-,_iir 19gS adin-.i_ssrr,.r )
.
Requiati.'in:{
j -' : --- -,_r_
._-..-+
1.
ti:e ccurse shal_L be rui.sc ;tp1.1_iei cher:ristry
(Serrester. Fatterri )
?. Tite.L',,,1o
c:rurse siraIl c.n_elst tf fuur selnesters
tc, I;e ci_:v., rerl
ii-i
sci,c.lemic years.
The- iirane :.,1
;iritiis:::.on Oo tite cc.,ui se u"*-i ll be
j_irers:_-by ruies tr. rti:jlilicrte.:
anrl Phl,gi"a i:lliCi irritthi_:;;:iti c_o O.S
1. ;cher,e l,f' rlxi:i]rir:.:,ti,_-n: '
.
II=E
g:r,:!i:-n
J nri
Paper ITI:errr,itical- Ciremls try
Faper II fr.ori,.rrric Cheriistry_I
Faper iIJ rrrganic Chernlstry-I
Paper IV i)irysi*r1 Cklernistry_i
J hr.s
i iLr-.
a hi-s
llotal frr Semester f
Paper v
T.t:egr", L_Lc:r.i_
:f-;;';Iy
10
10
jO
40
50
50
40
5o
160
200
10
40
50
10
40
50
10
10
40
5A
+U
50
20
-r{
20
5C
/U
ZV
i0
70
i.eC lI"CS
7x
I,ii 1'1; V;Ce
.
1iie
thocs
o-f
-!rldl_,t,sis .r{_i C:;rnputer. Sasics
Paper' )i T.rrcf,g;1n1g Cheml-"try f 1,I
Paper- )r.i_ Org:ric Ciieillst-r_y III
rl
i--rg:r'_),I-i ..i ;fiic;:l Chcm j-s trlr f -[I
Practic;.i1 I v' .li:s rrurne ntill_ iuit tilcis
Virra Voce ii
:lcle_: fcr rL:mester I-1,1.
-t:
)
3 Lir-e
t hr-o
J hrs
i hrs
6 }:r.s
l
10
3A
Jx20
cf Semester IL
Iptirl for I & II Semesters
1.o.t:,1
Paper Ty. j_lis:rument;,1
40
=
Cfuenrjst--.;r_11 3 hrs
Paper Vf i-r.lr;,,;nf c |ilr_r::is-try-jI
3 hrs
Faper VI.I ;r.i.'1iis Chemj_stry_Il
1 iri,s
Pa1:er VIII i:hysical- Cheniis+"ry_Il
I hr.s
r-r;.lC ticaf In:r-gunic Cheinis try
6. i;y*.;
Practica: _.f Crrg=n-tc Chernis..ry
5 ?.r.s
Pr-.;rctj-ps:rl- IIf j,,hysic;1 Chenii.str.y
5 hrc
!._:'; L)
rcttl
-* --*
-- 5o
l;xternal.-.5-.j__tai
-.1.
60
5OO
70c
10
[email protected]
50
10
40
n1O
-l+O
10
40
5o
50
50
100
10c
400
6U
::
4
,1,',nfrr
)
xZ5
....L
)
a
'.i
'-
-- rii!
'
(&BY
1llle
r\,ii.FrQ
,urat--Lcn -llrite rna1 External Tctal
I;lectives
Pa.p;er XIIr
(u ) i',li-.turel- i-'roclucts . Chemir t r-,'
(ir)
(c )
(d)
(e )
(f )
( f, )
./r. \
\Ij/
S1,'nthetic Organic Che:rristi'y
i:;Iyr::er Cher:iistrY
Ceramic materialc ChemrstrY
:-lir-' ir:crganic Cl:eriiistrY
-trni.'ir,lrunenili:1
Che ir:'i s
tr')'
trial Ca ta ly i s
-^r:.r .,t:_te cnennistrlr,
r.r-Ir(.
o,-'
' Pr:jeci
i-nrl.is
-"
a
.)n
1
al)
BO
7
20
ti'[-i
7
20
3
2
2A
-)n
LV
BO
30
100
100
1
20
60
100
7
20
.:1U
100
)U
tc0
q../
uo
BO
100
100
100
IUU
io
00
V:'v,:-Vcce
'I'?'a.j l- f or Semes
400
i.,l' T-'
" Toti:l f,:r IIi & IV lic..ii':ster
Grant
'lr":';11-
ELTO
1
50C
peper in
4th semester ti:e- wiil l:e one electiK.
(jii:I
a clioice
ilrrrkb,
'
.-.:
t:=
clnclidate
acr:it-i,tn tr) the ;roject
'bo
bc{€Ad area-.
thre
c'el-cvent
11',ject
re,1,a;'cinr: tire tll:c cf ,the
'i
of Ci:t'rnist::y,
prCject 'v'tt'r'k uncier the super2. lach s'uucient v;il-l Cilllr}l '. *t
'[eachr:r'
.1,=
t.y Lne Heari r.:t the Departlrrent.
ncfrirl
visicn r-rf a
The s:utients wil-l be glven cl'rance foi' opt.:-ctl tc.choose a
particg]-ar=brancii. T[e 1,r,,-,;je:c-b cali be -e.err-iec cut in the
bepa.rtn,ent cr 1n a R.eseaich Institutici: or industrial ii:'tablisa:ren-;. af natir:nal r€|-,ute i^lith- co-i'.i;ii,:li-ice fr'-)m experts
arrartgeti:e;'e. Tle guj-lie s aupervisi:r5 teacl:ers si:al-I make
tr 'oe
is
i.i
if
rnents+'o.i. :ariyirrg oi-rt-project';t:tk in case:
ior.= cut Siii.te't5E De1-,aitt-nt,. fi:e Dep:rrtrenta.l c'runcil will
max-:, a caaislon on ;he accep":bili+..i,' cf Instituti'.;n I'cr
1. Durln.t i-;:e
car:yi.ng
c..rut
tr-,rcjec'u wct'k,
clis:' r':rtatlon
1. The*&rlciij.r-teg will-submit -thre;: coples cf ti:e
based :n tlii:rn-prcgect woi'k ,rt-tiie erici of tiie fi.r.'r'-l Semester.
Pass uiti:iti:uii for tne puoject is 5Oll tt tl: . 'cota-L .l:i-rr'l'is. Those
wLr-O seiUre l-esS than bA',';- !'-r, ti'ie ij:^:).rri;cT s,i':.1-1 ret.'-ll-:iilit the
rlissett:ti'on ivi thin J nrl:. f i',s .rftct lncr'i:. -r':'tirrr', the r:no'Jification--s{igg€stei by tlre .xe.:niners. Il're r- t l--';r':ct -'}-i::l-l- be
evalua'ec ii , L;c'aro of exaniner"a: o:nsistin5 of teirchers frcm
other t-nivei-sitles and tfie l:''jsi-ective su!,er'1.iising tcrcfrers
cf the SPrrtrnent.
rr'::
-iia:'ie strict..j y Dn ttre basis ,':f
4. The rrt.rue-1 assessment *'-l-.l.
tiie jlErlonll:ritce :f ti:c: sti.t .. rt: ,irr-_te-.1. i.ai-ers, seni-nars anrl ,
+"iv-:i.oCq -'t+s ts .
n --.^ !.f
Z
Llrl.l L(-l e : o t r . )
l
(
I
t-
-J-
5.
The Boaril
of lixaminers sha1l consists.d at least cne
Universi_ties ln each of tire
ai, ^OEgarric a .i Inorganic.
xaminers in the Eoard for
be condrrcte
ct by ttre Bcard.
.?or a pas€ ,-..'*.'B€{luireel
-i.€
ilered
as ffnd class-,
xI-si.ing rules
\
l
for
othez.
.
i-t 12. C,'rr;uricai
s:fs**s:i-(? U
r,rortC
m,:r
ie c ure s . Coini.;ied
nce (Methane ,
Lccallserl r*''.:::is, i-iybriri orl:i tals . I iqg ctet:l -v.xie
tl-c
examples).
ll.'
tbcatcd
1si16;
tt
and
ecetylsr.re
e
watere tiiy
'..v,i.,
ang1e .
i.lc.rnd
ler,.;th
iri;nd
cner.?
Ecnd i,r.rpertj.es: Lontl
l' ,
Ef-qi!-.. (4
)_,
)
liire ar cc,n jug;t-,fieci-. i)'steLrs.
'The particl-e-j.n-a-br-rx moi,ei for t'.i
sin.:r1e q:;s-bems .i 1l'; rtitirf
.iinpiu iil,iO methcd , lipplication
an atcn:, bi,rld :-rilcr' ::5C
pi1
buta6ieirce ancl UenzOirE. Charge
,}
:
U
Brj..ef ,iiscussion
C;,L)
of bonding irr mGt'-i-r's.
Ii.,.rlF'LlIIEIJCES :
I
f . ir. L. pj-lar, Elernentary UuantlU Cr.;,:ii ;i try I i:C Graw Hii1.
2. i\;,S. Day and J.Se1l.:Ln, The [r:"i'tlc:l li];i'garric Chali:istryt
R.einhclci.
r':' irtsFIcs r'
3, P.!'!. ii'tli1ns, licLeculSp t,(i135t:,lm
'i
Cxf crc Uni'vers itY Press , >c)
4. A.1,. Cltl,-.lrrra, Irrtro<luction t.' -r,^.- ':. tu.;:t Cherriil: i-ry
i4c ilrali iii-Ll- , 19'i+.
.ri
t.x-
./
I
.)
l!
1l
;A\
.
, \.
1i
t'\
,i
,'-
)
,)
)t
I
,/
/
I
/i
i
')
tl
1r
.1
,\.,i
,
T;rt'ei.
The
ene
r
',t,,t
',r,1r,r11,',iffi,4t,4'r
:
,lr1rs,4
, , ,:
tt, ii,
rr' bi/.',i'
tl
'.
I
".1 I
;
\
-.)*
(50 uours )
(F:.rst rlc: - 'rr-^)
Llnit r - crass:f:-cati..i. ,lf elenents ii-r ti:e ,ier..:_otiic tr_r1:1e,
j-n pr"opcr:ties r.,f elemer;;s, _.it )flai:_,l1s
erenerai
behavir,,ur
r'''ur 1I the
f|lenils
irs t riier, Lcr r-.f the gr.)u;-r:r
(i- fi-"'^
Y
IJnit 2 ilectri.:nlg con_fii.ur*itirl: .:f il:e ii
sY-.teu:s, l;,ln(j t.;p,e s, bcn
lrer
an,l -. r'ic;h cant !_ iin. ,s , ltil
ar
iinit i
,-.c:- - i;-rSal tj.r.. .:rl'e s ,
( i$ii , ':i23O4
eiIF , liquir: SttZ ) .
:rnd trietcrnic
chein
ir:_
il.ri:;.1, i efij]lri.r]-lio I SUj-)efaCi(-le.
(4r)
')r1, reLCtirtIr, strrrcture aitd
rt:ltce lf ic.;sal:er:riiI frame.it-crk
cl,t,se y ic.._ anii i.ii.iiclu:.,t
-C:razi.nes
,)ritnces at;-l
ancl
,,,
Unlt 5 - SiL::nce, ::iljr:atns,
$r1
dJ.r,
:
l(,ri.tS; C:iI-[,ir,eS &rrc] Silj_cldes.
(41)
Unit,6
Sal-pi-.,t1,:e : t,,1,.' li-_-.: ,..-_. i Fj-', L,iliisi_i:i,Zbnes, phCS;:Ii.l1.,JUS
sr,ri.1;hur.ar:r.ll.i1,r..,..,en-sur;,i:ur,.;.;-iil,-..rl:,is
':
(ar)
t-it,it 7 - I-Ia1o.'ens in pc.itlve :xlratior-r st.:es,
'
C,l;llPOLulaj
: I },:-.fyl:al ides,
j_,rte
il,j:.,11
._
-gc:rS o
interhal_c;;=r.en
i
(,+i)
I
Unit 3 - lrj,-lbl-e iias
c1:, tri6P-1ga..
corij-Loundsrl b.-ri:rlil:,r,
-'-'
.:
in ncble
gas
fililri.es
r
(4L)
enents -:f tj-.e trl,.lnsitir_,n series
,i jm, chemical or:i,l ef_ectr-c_
iaJ_, imer anil Frcst <iiagr,:ims,
a1s,
c,irticn states, steic_
s, c
risr.;n of 4d i:rnd 5d
m
lj-c ccru;si:n aJrd l,assiv;ty.
is.rpcii" ancl heteropoly ani6ns
(tr1
unit'lo-La:rthan-ces anr: actin-rier. : -it;rl_.1_e,,Xi,_iLtion states,
tire la,t
de ;rd acti
ccntr:,cti:.,r:s: the il :irbitais,
pect- 'rf -L
-r bscrptl
nicles,
v,1th trar**1tj.on
nletal-" e
:',-icl--,,f l.a
"5,npo"isrn
i,e=.:: r tts€r
i._i l-irnt]::-,.i-iitle ccntpouncs
slij-ft re
ts. iL,c tr
tr-nicr.e- er-enierrts.
:
(:r-;
Cc,trt,:l
.3......2
as
.
f
li
fl
I
'-u
,'r rll t
' Itll,
r
'l
y'n"'
,.r
Unit 11 F;'€|,itration of saijni,--'l , f;t" ::.1:i_r-L!-s1s , :r"r.:_lfS and trea'tment af ii-ta, stanr,;ax1 de vi.a t.-,,iir ; r<- -":Ls;i.c-.:1 tr.e;,,trnent
cf
iJata sets, stucleiltst-tr'-ct, crnfi_(lence l_:Lmi--, e te st.
I
r'
:.
Gr)
unit 12 - irrdicators: principies ,f *crir.',.--i,rre, i-er::xi;
acsorpti:n,
metal. 1on anrl lu:rine scent. iariiciit,:rs. Tjtr-ati";; -i;'iroji-aqL1€i)us
nredia r
t!
'.
_
I
i
Gr'1
unit 1i - scluhr-iity q:ruiyct: c'ii,iiicn i:lJ cfiect, I,rcclp:lti1ti.:n
ilkrencmena. crganic ieegents in .i.r-ir::"gari{c ari.:.1r,. j..,1-,--I
(zt)
'
TEXT BoCKS
;
,:
1 . F. ri cotton irnd G. if.kin-"gn
rnrrgi: .ic
I . Ecv,:i-.ci,^ y,-,r,l^:i
----" tr:y ,
-r chei;.is
,fntersc$e.rce,
5th eriltion,
vi
if'lley
iuo,
2. I.FrPurcel-l and J.C. Kotz,, -Incrg 1.,,1c Cii;n:istry, Iio-" t
Sawrders Irrternritional e,irticni'i ),i7.
5 . {.E. FJubeeyr.-Inr: rS-*f ljc Cheiiiis:ry, ir.--,(:ii..}es, struc'Lure
Reac,tiviiuy, )rA erlitien, I{arpgr a:rr.l Rane, rr:ew i ork.
.,/
4. J:D.Lee, Conci qe,, fnr_.,rgar:ic ..I:e,tiistr"y, Fc,urth ecj..1t].On
,
Chami"nan end Ha]I , 19Vt.
-
5. Vegais Text lrook of
Quanruitq;:,.,=
i
I
Inorgirnic r.nalysis.
an<i
t
{r
..1.
F:A3,ER' ,-I
f I,.
.(
-
0 R,f n;*
r t nsr
19 tli
i-r',
Ii
-ifl
Y- i
:iB
j,
s E[,'rES TER )
-o*
l
';UN
F
1T I
. fl _e_q_t r
( 1o-
o
Ll-
n
_! e I
g_c_ul:_!g$g!_r
" " I ry:lecurir 'ari ta'I thiio"y'methadB Qualitativd a piication of M0
utration lrl 0 theor.V, Intepactien
electrons; nelocalized ffbendi,'.t:
'rnf r: . F.csr-nance hybrj.d, Resnhan
o ernpl3,.1 ic cations an d Radica ls ,'
cn qlia. Lritala for Aromaticit
- \-)i l't stahiiityr'
f, rqL, -L4+ u.y t t-t
l'1 UD UEIb
descriptier-,
L:IJ'P
t,-Lfr-i I -
'-,i.
B.
i
t
:
. ' IJlus-Erat:L6in wl-th examp-Les - hfQn ioallnc of etheirrnl-.r-6m.nariscn,
.r4,i4h the Low bai-ling'pcint
of the i:,-r-0r,ri. 5l'i'nc Lr,.y) r:ther : f.1iof,
q,'--l ir5,
-:^.,1:''|,1.
lr....lq
n-mri.,,,rJ
rl
,i-l-..
1iir11 lry,le
+r,
ti,,I.:.CnmFre;rL.rl
Si:'l
,,j
-
'
\''';
.. !
alr.ic e-ci.rl ccmFareci tc thet s€'
rrf 5a.iics.,r ic ecjd t.;Lrnrpartld te its . '-;'
x.ybe n.zr.ir au: d
s tabilit.y
of .:-slmple'::'i-.
+I'^
,,rJ s'ic,lgereC ferms djfference in
th'a '..'l
ec.Fi i;:ha-hyCEnxy amines. (egi (+) .rand'
ine) - Siohj-lization af hydrates:of
rf itlgc><a.1" ch'lcra1, Indene-l;2r3 .:
-1
a
il;. ,
U!,U -iIr; $sic tence-D-!E
i
..1I
Wn r..r 'u l'l E I'I,; .
_-tlq i'[Udi'
.f
g-tgQn+9 -Reactien--l!gq!:i-$-i:qg,
. Thermodynemic date, Krnet;c data, Curtius - Hanmett ,princi.p1e,
Kinet:.c- v!#sus 't,-rErilr:ciyna;ric cnntrole, Aai-dity and basicity.,' ,.:
Aciditrl instrnt, Harnmaf:' ar -dity.f unction, F'6active '
fSntope effects
intPi.tle,r+11 r,!E sill& .ri,=ir i-irecteiiTatjrn,
(:1-obelling ex'perimffis ), Ttereochemicaf correlatiens .
;rsiticn s tgte theoryr potentj:a-I
e curJei substituent effects
)mcric, eJectrameric and field
Q.,ra1ita^tive s;fudy of substituen,t
sr in Stv 1 S'u2 rsaction, ( ii)
siit'uen{ effec.us on the.acidity
t;ve coi:nel-zrLion of substi.tueni.
r,free energy relationshi'ps, .:
p;!.ar ef fecii and Taf tr s,sterjc
,j: eff ect; structuraf
effects. .,in
-1
C-r
.
):.
' j':i'j
.(
c
)
Eelyen
t
-Ef
_ t i.."
f ect, nn F s!qb;irjlw* '
I
o,f=solte). EY-fEq-t o.f
SolvEtiran and:'polerity (of s,r-ven-t-e-rrci
pner'' (stu!V 3u. erjinpLe.salvant r.J1 '
or' .lilrutiin
""i""ti.on,
ef f ec.ts'. an 5N re.gctions 8-f rlf rerer:t chaige tyEes du€ tp
IncelC) anC on fiee en=r!!r ipir'i-cef crrrrelati'wts ,-1--96\)qrtL
j"
;++;;; (t:u;i".i-o.'.: ni','It:':rirm=tr:r')
I
I
.
C
on'fd'.- - .2 .'''.
I
I
I
I
I
.tlgofyr pcrturbgtiXn
.1. Jerry [t1arch, Aclvi:ni r:q'l
i.'c [.r- i, r, l-l : -l Lr
2, T H [-r':rur]r k S Rj.chEir(lsr)nB .,.echanism end,
lF d,
theorcy in tr1-.arij-c Clremistty Harper co.l_.1_jns
3.';F. A [,arey, fi -i Surn;i;r:::g'- i,dvance,c] 0rganic
Chemis try P-tenuro Freso , NY.
:
:':'.
ggesiecl ReaCi::r;"
Suqoesied
Reaciir:rr'" '
l,
( 1)R I, U .jo.nss; Fl-rr..s j.cal. anci ['techanistic.
c'Drganic
Drr
r C hemts try r Cor-nbricicr.:, ti'nir,..ersity pressr. ','
---.'
''
'
Disymmetty, asyrnrrretr;rr ci'-iri,r.li t5, simr.Le ani al.tarnat,ing-(mirrar) :axis-of s!mneatu..-' (-,nrri.:i.,tir-.r'rs fnr; r.ptieal acti,vity
isatn'Fic cs.Vmrnctric variat:inrt ,-,r,ii i=i.ir:cif j c. rr:.,,ti ij_nr' nf the so,,ne
conipound-in sign'ancl nia.initurr: unr;e" tlifier.!rri; cr.:ncjitien"---.r"Iative
anc:abso.Iute cenljguraticns F D ani: L i-r.,iartir:ns - Seqrrence ,;i;-_-'' R enc 5. systeiirs in cycl-'l-c anc.,'acyclrc cr'.n)Frr unrlii - Dptical isomerism
.HD]-nOtaplj.c,Diastereotcpic,hydrllar.rat,-;r,,'s*.I1rljchi:a]-..u"t"*
0ptical isnnorj_si;t ,: f c-r.r;,t,. rjr: ,i h,., ,_inJ na i_:sy,ilmetric tEt
atorn. EiirhenyJ-s: - Structule r{ i,j.i:i;urrJl. :r, ,."ii.l , in:s"friion
anc virl.jrLjr statBr structuru rf s;ub:;-cjtr-rterr bJ,p,honyi conditinn
f1r ai'tica-l-.activity
in biph;;1ir'-l-:i .- nurnili;r: c.f substituents and
thsir size in lelation tr ihe i ta5-i lity ef nptical
isomers ;"; S
nataticir ' Atrepisemers hestricte .i rl,tatial-r in bieh";t1;
mc.lecuJ-ar'crvercrrwdinr_r - chiro'! it: r.jue tc_. titUing c1 heiicaf s truc turs.
rLenes 5 truc ture alcin.e
cr.ncitrrn fnr optical
a 5 notatian. ' ,'
C;-.tica1 isamerisF L,-{ r,i j.trcoen o ?ujphur Cnmp.nunds
Naming - sterochenristry c:.nt.riti,:r, fir cptlcai
;;iivity
anr,i R &
:
activity-R
ir
t:
s
Flodern .thenry ef tre s tructur. ni, c = c , absenci: nf
.
f,ree r'otatir:n in double
b:lncisJlri ',m3ircJ-ature r^f Eo.*etri.at isnmersE & -Z n'ntatinn nf comi ounds i,itf, rnrj an. rrir-r' j..,LUi"
lonris in
-'"*"
acyclic
tems
:
5tergcchemistry ef Al,j. xrrrrlir arrcJ (ctrximes tVarning
types rf -i-somerism meth,lcs'ot rjr:.ter.mi,-,jn.; ?cnf._iguratin.s
+
iinnulenes Einory numbcr net,lr ls f . isj rr;a!ing ihe sterenchemistry
nf .ar, nulcnes.
Methocs of deterni.nati,. ir r'f a.he c.-*.,f i,,:Uration nf
geornetrica.I isr_rmers in acyclic a:trj cy,,'c-J ir syst
ems, i_nterconv.ersatio.n
.'.
cf geometrical iqrmers.
sys
,
f cntci ....
..;
-.
..
,..t.
li
Ftfgl*^
[=*
s
1, Jerry March - Advonce 0rganic Ch.-:nistry,, 4 eCn,
lvlcGraw:,HiLL
2. .w:::;luri - stereochemistry .f 0rganic c,.rrpnunirs,
199g edh.
t{iley
Eas
tern.
.L:k;:l_I\ ,f 0rranie
3. Kal.s
4.
Cemf-nuhds, Wit=y Eu"tern.
-..!...,,..-Hh}5-,1an.5ter'eni..len,1isfrynfCa.\c-.nLo*peunds
u-r':'1. ilj-1 -c\_/ In.l-c:r:c_i enra, lJcrr .yofk,
-
-7
UIiiT
IV
:
- Confnrrtraticrral anal rrsi:i
Z
( 1:t. u-l
Dif f erence be tr,vcen cr:.rn
internaJ- factnrs affectinq the s
interaction, bond oF.,po"itIr:n str
hydrogen brncling etc. ptsrspecrj
rEpresenta tihn ef cjiffe-rent' cc,nf
staggerecJ cnnformetirns cnnf,,lt
ethane, n-butane, alkene cihal-jir_l
tartari.c acid, erythre anC thren
!oIole.s_.,.1- Confnrmatir:n of cyclnhe
A1ial,LE(rratorial,
bow sr.ir.jt anitions Cf chair janC bnat cr:nfrrrn;:tr--Trrj.
Inter conversion of axia't anrl equetorial_
in chair
confnrmatinn - clistanr::e betwecn'thr: v,:rinu$ ll etnmsbnnds
anci E atorns ir
both chair ancl bcat
0,
tr
o
c..
o
."x.
c{anr'orm,at.ir+rs.
l
--cct
.L)
iT
-i tvionnsubstituted cycJ_ehe
ey.alnhexdn es flexible ana rirji,j
tut'ec'i .cycichexanes : pesitir.n "j.sn
Eonfcrmatien of suL-rstitutcc cyc,iir
(cis & trans) and 2-brcmo-41 Z - :,
U
G
E
6
F.l
-o
.F{
U
I
tr)
't)
N
'
.decaline,
xanes in irrhich Gne of the
mpDrtan'cs in :ss ess in q the
a-1 suhht_ituei-, c, cenfoimatinns
adamentane, congressEr'le, sucrcs,e, maltese, calleihiese of
.Ef f ect r:f ccnf nrrna t.ion r
in cyclic systems ilLustroted-?J,3
2 r3 clibremobutanE Er. gtilben" t'f,br
;,an [].
,.
Ef f ect nf conforr.tiin nn thc cDUrs 13 r:.rnd ,q.te cf reactinns.,
systems it-tusL,-?lF,,i: (e) SfV2 an.i-SN1-i;uctions-,i;;ln..yclnhexane
( 1) an axiai- subitituent anii i.tri) un, i.,qutcrial
fiubstituent in
fJ-exi.ble and Tigid systerns. (;) E1 Ez irlnic erimina;i;;;-iirr=trarri
1) 4-t-Butylcyclohr:xy1 ;f :;'r.Ie,us: ( i s Fjnci trans )
ii) 2-Phenylcyc.Ichexuno_' .cis-anrr t rar', s )
iii) Menthyl and ner:nenth)y. ch-t...rj.i.r,s cnc benzene hexachlcr-i_des._
Lcntd. . . .
.f
t
.4
4
tR"
, r_ (C) pyrcl5lticeliminaticrn of rr.i-e:' (.,,1ii:r:.natjnr-r cis ).
CDSemir,inacelic uL.ominatirln o'i cj.i; 1r''r(,'fj':an,F,-2-aminn cychohexanbl.
.l .Isterif:catien
cf :,,<ii-l i-,: ,i:.j *:r eqr-;jl-l-ia]. hydrnxy;nr:j
.(
hydrolysis cf thcir Gltor1 'rn ,'.',':,:r-l
flcxii:-'Lc *y=t**s.
(Enmpare th,.-- tate ni .., ...,^.-*i.;rct.t;l-r-,r .,f' niel-r thci I, isnmenthll,
necrnenthol ar I nenisnrn.entijiol)
Estertfi,c'ation cf axiaJ ar
rs equatarj.aJ- carboxyl
Irt
, rns:. (ql) pl.r,,droJ_r,,sis oi cdiaI,
groups and hydrclysis c i ti ejr 'r-1'cr-i
irir'r -irii-1-'-,--irr E.r.y-irtes
,.,
i-:i.i{ .:sL-r: (hi 0xicie-rtinn
of seconcary oxial anc eqr-r:.tor:l-i.ri iiii.inx5,1 _qrcuF tc ket,cnes by'
chremir acicl .
0ptical
Rotatnry 0isper-sinn
(ilnD)
F.I-ane.curvE, single cottl;: r:ffcct cur\rr.,s-ccttnn effects,
., axial
the
halo-kotone rul-e enii -:r',s Lr.:iiis, i:ct;ent r-ufe applicotinn
of ectant ru1e, cete.rminatinil r;f t',:;.' l.,r., f.,r"oii.n-"r,: - ccnfiguratinn
oL^3 mrthylcy.iohexane, clihyc,rn:*coirv.ne .nc r:jecalones with Cnttoh
effects.
REFERENI,ES:
1. Nasipuri
Steren chemistry i--'i 0rgariic cnn:pr--.,:uncis, -l'
1993, edn . irr/i1ey Es tern
'2. ELier, l\rringgr, iruggar and I',rrrr.isrn - cnnfr:rma-tioner.
Analysis, Wiely Intersci ence, l9(,5 .
q. I.L. Finar - 0rganic themisir:\, \"/r.f. i tLES. Ii,h. Ecin.
UNiT V:- Nucle:nhil-ie
turec! [. arbn n ?tom (-[!t!)
The feur types ef nuclecrnhiiic suL':s;titutinn
based
on charges on tIb nuc].-.-,:..h..,rt:,ri- i-j ti c i;;;i;;-;;.;;". reectinns
Mnrecularj.tj,
ane,]ordero.r."eactions.EffectnfstructuraiJ'.-i|""inthe
enmpeuntl trnilr. gri.ro suhstitutlnn,,
Effect lf a.I.;sring the nuclea_
hiJ-r:. Ef f ect 1f chJrr gin g th e-. Ef Fcct of char:ging-the
. .,-:i.l_-cis Dn the rati and
s
ubs
t-i.tu -ic,;;
dv
ei
sa
of - epcxides, Drgancmetalic cctrrf.DU
sa1ts,
Reoctions cf guatermory en.r
Abnormar.nuc]?ophiJ-ic substil.utir:rr.s rn a11y1ic systems,
rearrangements in alJ-yJ-ic sys!3ms 5:i2 anri 5rJ1
?
neighbouring grgup p.iticiplticn
"-J.tion=,
in
n'5.r""r-fijii."=rrr"tiiutir:n
r
participatinn of ( a ) n!]ohucurin,j iri.o. ryJ ateion. (
haroqen
.
)
(E)
atnm
hyclrexyl or alkn:xy1 grnJp (.1, tcr:inxy gr,-.ui,
icl'";;;3Ir,
g=nup (f ) S'u1phur, nitrngen r)r e ,_r ; r,nu,
hr
.
R EF Eff ENC
l.
E5:
lier:criekscn,
11 ill-.
McGrav;
2.
Caarir ancl
Fi
ar-,imr_-srr __ C:,,-;
Moiiis.--n u.nd Eoyd - Drgai:ic Lg,:rt
Frcntire Ha-Ll.
.,t
-,rric
L
hen"is
try
Edn .
frln . i rL)'2,
Contc-1...5..
i.l
j:
.l
|t.' ,i':
'1 '
F
l
\
Jerry March Advenced 0rganic Chunris try, McGrarrr HilI.
E 5 Gould - i4"9hanism, ohd structure in 0rganic Chemistry 2nd
/iclvanced 0rgenic Ehemistry Fart A & Bt 3rd Eds
.',
1993r.Plinum F'ress New York.
3.
tr
[,
[t!-
-,.
IUJJ yj : - -:limine'tinn
i'J
t.
I
i.
, (f L)
eactjisnj
Beta eljminatinns, E1 ;nC E2 reactionQ - example. l
iratier, of alcohols in acid
yI l-raliclen us ing a base ,
s using KI, dncon'!Fosition r::f
bettnri-en elimination and substi-'
uiar r6ections ? elimination
substitution ratio Facter{' infl-uencinq ratio. Fessibi}ity of
elimination by E1 cB mecha'h.ism (mcntion enly)
Hnfmann and Saytzeff.
a'na LEi reoctirns
in LlEt qitu
,
0rientatiorr 4rr
UlftilltGJl,4Ljll
r,rurru
reactions
1 fU]-eS
try
c'f
c-,
ancl E1
.,]!,
E^
Ll
rl
ennlanatinn
SterencHeni-strv
5Ieiencnuliiis
5terenc
..:.
explanation
v
and eXpIAnataQn
rul-es anC!
\e rEclu
inf
luenFing
ri)ectinns..:,IuctFrs
"
Stereospecific and stereoseipcti!e pr"clucis (HF'/5;,).
the ratio of Hof rann anci Sayizcff
upirpeleculaI,
car'irr,n - iJreCts
ruJer
er ufllmcJ,BCurp{:
'
Eredts ruf
Briclgehei cari:r,n
Elimination at Briclgehec
Elimination
'unimOlecUlar
uc;ate
n-:nJ
br-'se,
vlo
anr.l bimolecUlar eliminations r Jormatiln
cf carE,onyl grQUF in esters
eliminetir:ns resulting in the,
js of esterr' ChuEaeve
pyrol.ys
it nitrtrc acid. Cis efimineti-rns,
ann c.Fe elimri;nations.
flpha
t"
R
Ean .
anEt
!
I
REFERENCE:.
,,.
1 . Heniir.ickscn ctam and Hamman.l - 0rg:anii EhemistrS/ Edn '
. ,r
McGraw Hill .
dnd Bnyd - 0r.ta\ic Inemistry 6 EAn. 1992.
' Z, Marrj.son
i
Frntice HaII.
3. icrry ;.:erch f;ilvan cut:irg;-;ric Chemistiyl ivlcGraw Hil]
4.
E s.Geuril-_Mecha.nhfrieftf
sttucture in 0rsanic
Chemistry,2nd Edn.-Advan ceC C rganic
5. F A CareY & R J Sundb'..-e.gl(i
-hess.
Flenun
d:
Edn.
1 993, 3
:
b
Chemis
try,
:
:
itr
(50 L)
t.,+'#$I&-l
(first
Unitl
1'
Serr'
1
Third faw.,lf therUgdynarnlcs -'l{
i:iiity
nei
of
mination
' treriva|llves by
?ire discussldn 'td
i.:l-[cllti:pt
lif the ]aw and expla-
i.i'us,,;l-u'te Entropies using thlrcl l.alv.
ii'.=s.l.iiUal enl,rtpy. I)e'tert
f ,.,3']-.'u.. .J,,
r.ati...,r.. _ Deitelrninatl6n of,
iinat+;a ir,a
i-4i-at}.r.
i'iur)
$ connee-ting
etl:lcir
':f
'i:he therrni'cynumic
jacr)'iliiairTs
be conf ineci j
"i(g
partlarl
'
to r cir:rseri tl,e,nnod 5rni,rnrie syster.'is.
L)
cf solutir;nsi p.rr.tial t,nlar quantitie,s.
. the generai method for their,ieternrlnation. ueviqtl)ns frcm
funqt:.r)n,S.
Ti-re the'rmocl],namlcs
EXCeSS free
Raoul-trs ]aw. itxcesS tirefro,:'clyqarxlC
anr.l
excess
tt0lt.uoc'
eneriiy, . excess entrrlP,lr, cxcess 0,i':tiral.plr'
(B L)
cf irreversii:l-e 1.,Iilqesss , SrLmlle exarnples cf
irreves!ib1e i)roce-<ses. Ehtmpl; pts;rlugficl^.,. f'he phenornenolcapplicaticn of
Il-cat reiatlons. Onsag€.r recipiic]f
ryfati:,trs.
rirff:"tsion,
oslnosi-s and
rhermc
Irre th'ecry of ctiffusicn, thenna+
(S L)
pressure
thenno-rnoiecuLar
'1i-fferellcri.
l664nodJmamics
.:.
-.
FtIr-Eiili'[CES:
alberty,
Fhys.lcal- Clienisti'y,,.,1,-:kJi'r,i1e1'
I{. ryiatg;emhn and G lvi Murphy, Vcl.. Chqir.i T}:e l*atherratics of
:
\,
F'i:rys-i-cs ancl Cl:ernistri,'.
il : i:i[.] t )rr j ant] F. ii. ].'iisra, Vik. -r e ;n IntftrtJuct--.in. tO Chemical
Daniel-s ancl
r..
:
rherrncoynaflrJ,cs.
;
I ?1go6,iner.An Intrcduction to t]'re fharrl;5f.1'pori:ics ';f frreversibl-e
Ijr')ce,:ceis y Irrtersciencc.
O K F-ice [i H Freeman ancl 0o. St.at;s ulca]- iiie ci:arricsr
-'
rarnics arrd' Kinetics
Lewi.s anrl Ranclal., Thermc,rlynamics.
TirerrncdyT
Llnit?_-
El-e.ctrocheruistry
'1
(25
r)
Derivatj.on of L.,ebye - I-iuckEI - Cnsagar ectuation Validity
of the Lebye Huckel-Onsager eq-l:r;ion fi,r aqueous ancl non
aquecus solutlons, cleviations frim tlte Or:sa1'er equaticn ,
Signiflcance of the degree of cjisc,c-i.atic'n arid its determination,
conductanci ratlo ancl Onsager ec;uaii,x, Cispersioh lf concluctancehi:6'en e.fect, conclu.ctance :"
at hi,gh frequencies - r-reb,ye - falkr .JsLry'e-Hucl":elli-r'-th iiigh poterrtial gaarlients. i':e
rin:iting iaw
and its variour.,s forrns (no ierj-v--r{r:n), u.iaiitative and quantj-tative tests of the Debye-IIuckel- i:i.i.iiitir)g: etiuatton, activity
and activity cceffici-ents i:',. alsrtr:,-! '"tic s -'1r-:tit:ns.
(15 L)
Ccntd....u..2
^
lt
r'i-rl-urizutlcn, cygr vo1tage aiir, p,-:icr.r-);..F.,i_t_,iry: Llectrolytic
i:ol-arisatj.on. I)is-*ofutir:n anu d ;c,:,,r:lrcsil:iin t,"i.rli"i".
C.:ncentraticn pclirrizariln. uec,_,ir,p:,siti.;n rritogu -[eLt""tia1)
r:nd 1ts ueter':rin':.tion. over voltule - ill,ri;..-,g;; ;;,_;;o1tage,
oxygen r:veflro1tage.:r.:'r;'ie tal- aepos:'-ti,.,ri ovelwcl_tege anc theii
lteclanisnS r-_.rf-an ilj-c anri catiroCr_: p"o"l-"===
'(ffi-Erj'fiqs'-tj'f
_
9*:TI"?,!,j=,n.,c'v'ervr:l-'tage)
ii-,nic dii'iusion as thl-srovr
prccess,
principles -cr-prrai,ogr"p[i.
dischauge
as
proc€ss.
the
sl-ow
I:rnig
The dro;;ping'rnercurl' cathl,ic. ii ,, i:,.ij w;rve ]_::.,terrtirii_". s--r (10 L)
]l,i-FLlEiiCr,.S:
1- D elttc rnnes, The Pri:rci;ics lf
Pul;l-icirtions
.
.:j-i.c
i:,,qipr1st.y,
.lJever
? S tlfasstone, lntri,dr-tcti:n 1o il-t.cr,r:.:,--iie,nistr"y, D Van lrjostrand.
1 . Bcckrls and Redciy, Modern ,.s r,:ct,: :;j E-le,.:1.r"oc::entstry
V,:1 I and If , ,lcademic Fress.
4. L I .-nthropov, t'l-reoretical Eia:ctroc;F:-,Lstry Ivrir publishers,
F-
fi
Hi
..-.
$
(50 L)
,
,':.
et)
3:lCi gycl.ic grcup, Grr:up Multiplication
Symnretry eiemen'Ls and slmrnetfy ope.ra-
clliis anl thelr c]eteralnation. It'latrice.s
.+$- r+;.t*f ic.nftr-"1ttp$ree ' of''a matrj-x,
Ciag;onalizcr,i niatl'1ces, Matrix frrm.
at
Representation qf groutr..,'o, CC;rtStructi'rrl i:f re],resentations u-.in8
. . vectors anci atomic orl;rita.l-s as biisis, "t!h,e r'e presentirtion generateci
cn ti:e et,i:nrs of a inolecul-e,
. by cartesj.ah co-ordinates pcsiticned
rnp.Les ). Ile juc j.;]e and irr:eiucibie
irrecluci i;l-e refrl6sentation-" by
tir-rn). C,lrcat Crtho5onality
i.metiucil-'ie repi.esen+ua!ions r,
ccffstructlon rf lrreducil:1e resrree entatlr;n u-"ing. GOT, Constructlon
,:f character Tubles (CtV, CJ\i, -;)4tr)
,.
j
(6 t,)
to niclecu-i:lr rrj.ur':lti,:.tis:
tinit
- r*Dpllcaticrn
&.--^
Intrcriuction to ngrrnal coorci:niite ui:ai1,s.is c,f ir:r-r.r-ccul-es and .their
band .J.ssj.Enrnents. Syr:uretry as.pect'rf ,,r,:-tecular vibratlons.
t/ibrat:.crns of .polyatcsiic m'.-,]e:ulr::;. Selecticn rules for vi-bra:
tional absorption. Cr.rmpiemen:i1r:v cj:iiructef c-.rf 1.Ft atnd Raman
Spcctra. teterminatii:n of riun:-',.,i' ':f aciirre IR aitd Raman 1ines.
(6 r)
U
;r'l:rt3- q " S\rrtinie try r.f. ir,ol_ecul_ar cr.bitals
Ccn:*trr-rct:-i .L :f hybri-c,] :;r'l:it:1"6511i5n'' In'tire St,tir :r':: i'-Yflril3ftic,il r,re tai c cnrplexes .
Brief inenti-on of sel-ecticln ru-es :'r-t: el-ectrorri.c transitir-rrs
( H2c't r: s e xarLple ) .
Unit 5 -
Symmetry
I'.offrnan-
IEI'EREIICES:
ccntrol ci
rules "
t
che'r;,
i,
l?i reac-li,-tls -
irocdward
-'t
]
. F. Laniels and Fi..A. l\fbert:r, r'iry::'-rir1 Cr:eri.-"try, ryile;, E;stern.
2. Ir. i. Ccttcn, Chemical rrppl1c.r 1:i :ns --;1' Ert,ut- 'tire cry,
tluiley Eastern.
,
3 , F. .iitkins , Physical Chemis tr! , O<f .,t.i l-in j-vers ity lrres s .
4. Ft.S. Drage; Physical rnethods in i-irrgar::-c Cheir:istrv.
5. ,.raffe and Crchin, S.ynunetry 1r: Cirqrstr_v,
6. L.ij.Hall-, Group lhecnr rand Syrnmei:;5,
in Cheaiistry, lvic Gr.rw l-lilf.
)
7 . Barrcv'r, IlclecuJ;lr Spactrcs c:-;;'ir.
'i
V*'
Ccnt<l ..ii-t.2
.i,'
.
:-
t' t' El. ec'trGnra'ru;rc!j-c
.
...'
:i,;r
i t-. different : eglons , fntgriiction
its effect (.i.t,1 the c.nergy of the
lI.-.il:t:.."..';.:,,et-ee€r"onlgi...v-L.rr{.ational ancl rotatl..lnal_ s}iectra. irrtensity of
l:'' 1.,'r,. . spectral.,liri.*s;:,D6pend,=flc€ :of lntensity r;n i:opulritir)rr, Translticn
r:-..1i;--,
'--'ii.
,..lnil
.g.f [.1.9-;r..i- ia.:if.kl fiidi.&.trcn an(]
1,..,.;u
(6 t)
vileir
ve.s
scpy
1V1,r;rati
..spec-tra
. Infrare
]-rctati:nai errerEy charr5.es. Rotatiurh&i
sc.ipy. Vibr.riticnal r'ttatici':al- sp=c.Ura:
n g-,pegtrl. Tne the ,-',ry r;f Ruman'sl,€ctfia
Th'c deterraiiration of the mr:rnent lf inertie,, bor,C leng;th vj.br:i,tion
frequencyi Fcr:ce ionslant arrrl the heat ,i-f' dj-ss,)ciaticri .r;f diatcunj.c
mrul-
ecul-e,e
"
(E L)
;
, ;tJnit E - j',lectrcnic siJectra
to the e-te.ctrc;nie :irr:inLeirents eind tkre g5mmetry of
-. i its relatlori
.
.'i" l',molbcu1cs.
Dif'f erent ti,pes ,.;f el-e<:ti;nic tr.'ansitir:r:!. Phosphere-o';:'
rkrecrcscence, i,aseracti rn, Ll,i-"sc'r'iirti'rn and predis-'oc j-atibr:
. : : c.ence',
-...,EIectrcnicspectraofcianjugate.-]sysi{::li1"
: __ __-_
r :;....,r_.
);
-
,..
i.'
.
.
.General- the ory anct
apr;lication ta
i-.iLe st,uii.ir,
DanjJs anii
,"-i s inpis niclect[-es .
R.l.r.
i1r,e'r'ty" !riley.
ifoie cular ;speC trcs e,-,!)y r tin'rcw:, iric Grew-li1l-.
7 . !.rit-':,-,:-'.ll'.:-r.s .i iroleC.L.o.,t -.1. -. -.',-- :.y1e :i:'.r.r-,"9 l]-,
. Tata-i\1cGrav,,-j{il-l-.
.
.4. iiti-,rnj.c'stiucture a::el cire-micar-i r, itc;l'is iiicrur]in'g l'1li€cula,r
'' spectrcscDily,
-lvlanas Chanclae
r:rtr;-i{cGratv--rli.
5,. fhysica-i Chemistry, l'.vr. riri{i.lii- Ili;iS.
--.-<-
v
le
l,iirU$-'!EI
(Sen-n';
cp-OrDIN
U]'IIT
'
.
--, t:S
- ff
(so L)
-?f )
TiIr_
1: Tyu I ot
: -." +:
n,igancrs, isomr -:i-sin anrj ncmenc-atur.e cf co-orl, .-r,.,,._-, :rn,.is,, i,:r ;ioti,ln cnllstr.,rrtt>, t-actors. influ_
ensi.:ag 'c}te
,"tabiiiiy, n:ettri,,ji ,if doter-minat:-""-or-r;;;-
,:.rr,i
acic; S *i..- . ,_ :_ . ;
,*t_.:..ir]ent.3tC t,ar"f-o"v-c]-ic,lfipOd
- (6-L)-' Y--,-vv
ligands, confu.rrmaticn
.i.' cire.late rin6rs:,
UNIT 2: Valence i:oncl, I,I.6:anc fit:-ril ai:i.l :liiLe,cul.,,:r ori:itaLl- theories
.'iaI,
;riE,, rni,1_ blpyramid, LESE
I SI,€Ctroc?:ciirical ancl
-,Ieli,::r ei i.,_:ct, IViO.tliagrarn for
::ii ir:g , jlte t:iI-ii5 anrj .pilbonciing .
(10 L)
:lSeS
U\III f ; []fectro;:ic s!,e ct.ra
ci:tni..-Le;,.r:s. Sel-ecti:n ru]es for d-d
-of u,':.,i:1
t.:"ansitlon, pa.sie f.fl
:,ii:i_r.i;i ;: , inter .-retation cfl
:tlectr,'..r:1c s,tecj,ra o-{ trirlr::i.tl -,,":,:ret:r-r'
'IanaLe ituEarii_. uiai;ramr.i .
"r,ot,i"*es.
O- b
'Jlilrr' 4: I'jap:ne-bi.c propcrties c-,i tr-ar,si-bi,::ri rietiil cr:rnprexes, spin_
.;n!y v::l_Lres, Or.j:ital ccntriD,.:.ti,:trr aLl lic=tio"--cf'rIEi.ti"
tri,-r:nclts in siructl.r a ei -,::. 1.. i, ,-i.. I -r!_-;i_-ulc ri.r_1r.,erties.
of
iantha.,, r:es-:YeaSuremciit -,f t _
,no,er,t
iV
GOUy
=tcti.
"
i'-e'Lljf: .
0-;t
Ui'Jii' 5: ilt:Er-'ti:r: n,echnisr: I Subs,;i but1.;n r.eactll.,ns of OCtabedral
nrr.r s_qciare i-,,iarra-r coii:p1exesr. trens effect. Electron
t.r'angfsr e r.,' .r.e.tr -:: 1^c -rc*ri.;ns " prlnciprci-:f photo_
cl::mic.. i pc-i r-, -i,s or cr)-:i-iiin::tir,
n ccrnpLr:r:ci..- (g ii-U.rirrr vi
r.rraJ'(a4
s\.r uyuc ura vi u-
j-I;r-ui--ir.r
sffgct cf
coorqinatiori -f_liga:rr-i r;ti,rn-" , corhucuncis:
rr,cial-irr|ogenr
netrrl_
:' r.-.*_iin,t. -=.sr :f"t"ir,,.=iiion
.y:,-iclt .ilt rnetal r..,
r,,g r.iri u;nip1exe.! : Er"perspl:Ltti_rrg ln--ilrria" sys tems
(cnl-y qui:.iitutive iie.-,
i)', up.r,lirt,rion -Li c,,per
ccmplexes.
.
TEXT
Introdu:ticn to lvlos.ii.:auer spec-tr- sco.py; The rVlDSsbar.-i:r
effect, hyperfine irteractiins ( nry'[uatii.rtive
treatment), applicatjr-;n t-, sf,npie i._ron
""l,iu_"".. (1C L)
BOCK
1. :'.1 _9:ilon. ar:il G !,11-krns.)nz
)tn Ecl_t.t-)n.
,.C-;riic.:,.1
in;ri.rnic
Chernistry
2. D il'Furcel-l ancl .T C ll-tz, I1-'r.4;ali:-Ciler,::_stry, 19TT.
3- J E Huheey, i]]cr:;1anlc ci:r-*r.::is:;1,, irj.ncir-i-es Structure
iieactivi_ty.
4. S r- r, nettle, cc orcrr:a,tirrr: Gierisir-y ir ELBS Eiition.
5. jvi C Day ;rnci l:elbin, 'j'he.:ri:t_- ,- in )-nr,i.ir.i-i c Citemistrr/.
5. I : {r":qo, - r'!t,v-sJ-c.r-l- met}r-,r:s -r, r-^.:.),:,,.,:t-'.c Ci,e,riistry,
ilelnho.]-c , 1)6j
and
.,
r
,:
ti
trAPER
VII
(
ORCA-I.IIC --.-r'j'',- 3Tj-].-.:
- Tr
(so L)
Second Semes'.er)
Iqroui>s (sL)
- Addition tol "ar
F eactivlty of carl:onyl groups in different compounds such as
aldehydes. Ketones, carbo>qglic acicls, derivati-''^,s of carboxv-Iic acids
and 2-oxoqyinuclidiner towards nucleophilic reaqents. Hydration and
addition of alcohols to aldehlrde anC ketones.
UNIT
Addition of alcohol, thioalertrolg, amine and arnine derivates,
diazomethane and hydrazoic acid to alc.elrydes ar:C ketones: Nucleophilic
addition to unsaturated aldehydes & Ketonss-flfrr-:- aClitj.on and
conjugate additlon. Addj-tion to unsaturateciaz:-i ; & acid derivatives.
Condensation reactions, aldol.'Dieckmann, VJitting, Acyloln, I4ichael
Reac.tion. Mannich, Reformatsky reaction, Benzc n condensation and
the effect of electron donatingr and r;ithdrawings groups on benzaldehyde: Enamines and their uses, Stereochemi-stry of carbonyl addition
Cramrs rule. Halogenatj-on of .,-carbon atom of carbo>qllic acids. HeIIvoihard - Zelinsky Reaction.
References:
1. Hendrickson, Cram and Flarnmond - organrc Chemis-utr!, Edn. Mc Graw HiIl..
2.Morrj-Son&Boyd-orgranicChemjstry,6t.hEdn.1992.PrenticeHaII.
:l
3. J March - Advancg6. Oggrsnic Ci-r.,;rnis'.-ry, !icr:1ra','r iiili.
4. E S Gould - I"lechanism anci structure.j-n Crganic ckremistry, 2nd Ed.
:
organic
Che:mlstry
PartA a B.
5. FACarey& RJ Sunci,5erg: ACvancr-.d
3rd Edn. , l- 9 r)3, Plenurn Press . Ner,.' York .
I
.
UNIT - 2
Sulrstitution
in Aro::ati-c
gl/sr--eF,si
'
':- L)
Electrophil-ic, Nucleop-'hiiic ,-n-l iao.'i c.iI su: -il-r::i-ons. l.{echanlsm,
Iiiul t, at i c;n 6 i E1-.:c,:rophilic su]:stituOrienctation ano reac'.ivity.
tj-on rnechani-sms .r.,ith protonacloit anc r-iycrcgcn ,=xchaage alkylation,
acyiaticn and diazocouplinqr in diife;rent a::oilatic sy;tems. Substitution of groups other than hydrogen. 9i![q. pq_!e ratio with ref erence to
electronegativity and steric f a.ctors.
Nucleophj-Ij-c Aromatic substicutio:.r - ,tromatic diazonium ions
as synthetic intermediates, su):st:tuiiriron l:y the .'iciciitj-on - Elirnination ancl Elimination - Tidr-iition liechanlsms- Ccpl.)er catalyzeC r--actions.
.Iducleophilic substj-tuion in actj-vatcC nolccul es cls illustrated
by the hydrolysis of 2, 4 - dinitrochlorob;nzen,: and amination of
pyrj-dine by sodamide(ctr-ichibabin ::c'' :t--.cr: ) .
2
Contd
Ts.7 /L/
(
\
-
29ts
rrlustration of Aromatr c raiiir:.er subst*.ltution reaction,
Arornatic
substi.tution by the SRi,i 1 t
=.".,nisir...
Aryne mechaniEm. ExampJ-es rf ,enzlzne interrnecliate
reactions,
ctetection of benzyne interm'-'..1lte'-s, orientar-ion
of additio., structure
Ot be)OZlrl€.
References:
1' Hendrickson, Cram ancl H,arn;:or:'-i -- orcanic
chemistry Edn. McGrarv Hirr
2' Morrj-sol] & Boyd - organie Chemj-str-r, dth E,in- ;-gg2, prentlce
Harr.
3. vJ March - Acjvancec.r orqan.:-c ClrEmj_str.y, j"IcGr-av,r
:iirr_.
4. E,S Goului - Mech-rnism anC Stlnic.turi: iir Or,;,,.nic
Chemistryr 2ni eo.
5' F 'c carey & R.r- sunclberg: li,iv.incccl or:ranic chemistrr/ part
A&B
3rd idn , 1993t plrlnUri pl.sss.
9S__1 -
Fg:u-
rg{**_ghctriF-!Ix,
(_s i)_
Generation and charclcterlzai_l.-.p of fra.1=. ::iriicars,
stabre an<l
persistant free raciicals, Di,r,:,,ct di:.t:1i:ir.:,i-l
cr fr._.c_ racric.al ir:termediat,.r5, Sourc.-:S of free rar_lj_c.-:Is;, st.I---._c-Li_iail rLrr,_1.
st,.)reochu,rnical
propertiL-s of ra.licar j-nterm:l-ii::tcs, cnari)tjc.i
;arr' a-- s.De cies - cha-r:arcteristics arrd. reaction me.chanisrn:r invclit-tg .)..:Lci.ic.,li.termerfiates,
Frr':e raiicar substituion m-'bnuni:rms, Fro{,.
i::i:,iic::l ac'r.c1i-tion reactions,
rntramolccurar frce railic:, I ::eactir'ns7 R.:.3fr.3ngement
:1n(i fragrnent.-rtion
rcact-ions of frr:r:
i:lr,:ctron transfer .#tion= invoring tran-"r':c.icels,
sitiorr metalions, :""
)I r substltr-r-Lcn proc;sse s .
Refr=-pi,,nggg
3
1' T H Lo*ry, K s nicharson Mcr:h:r.rism an,j
Thcorv i-n organic chcmistry
Hdrper collins publishers.
z. l' /i cairey, R J sundbcrg: ALrv:.r)ci_=ct o:rqanic
ch.:mistryz plrl.uffi f.r-.ss,
3. J I,larch: Aclvanc..i[ Or.].:r:ic C:-i.:mistt-v, i,iccr--,:,rr ;jiII.
4. Hcndrickscn, Crarn -f.n{i Fl,trnmcnci _ Organic C}r_:mistrlz
}4ccrau/ HiIl.
glIIS_
(.10a)i
Gener,ll ?rinclplt:s J.:tbl-onslii tli:cr:in, phocosensitization,
orbit.-rl Symetry consj_rierati()ns r:Iati:,:1 t.c photoch:mical
Reacticns,
photochernistr'y cf carbonyl compounLrs/ pirotoch-"ri:istr:v
of vision.
Photochemistry of alkenes. .a)aterno
Br:i:.-,i reeict_i-on
l
Ts.-g/7/
ContO..3.
IG
r_,*fl
Photochemistry of aromatic ecmpouncis. r'heto,:hs-n,iear.rearrangenrents.
Di-If - methane rear.fangl,-ment arcm;t:j-c rLlil::Jnrlement,
Barton reactj-on,
pleotf, Fries rea,rrarrgemeni-s. photccher-ij
sl.r- and fadusr-ry, photographic
processes, O:":F":Vm;rizat:-cn an,-, pcctochemi
cal degraCation of
porymers' Photoohemj-stry iD synthesris photothernistry
of Dyes and
pigements' photoerel--:z'c-c,1,,rnlstry-p:,iotochemicar
Cerrs, Energy conver_
sj-on ano stcrdge, Fhotchemistry in solicls
antf .organized assemblies.
Reference:
1. F .A Carey and R .f SunOUerg ; Acivanced
org.anic chemistry, plenunr press.
O Kan - 'Orqanic Photochemi_stry, i.{c Grew Hiit
3. P suppan - Chemistry ancl iig)rt, R S C, Lonclon.
uN
I 1- s_j:-P
e
ri
cv
cH
c B g.e-c*tl oll g :-- ._l-g* r, )
Theory of M o sYmmetry and Pericycric Reacr-ior:s.
Morecurar orbitars
ano orbitar symmetry - woodivarrj Hoffn:.:;r
the.rrey. pericycric react.tons.-
Definition' Erectrocycric reactior-rs/ cycroacdition
reaction, sigrmatrropic rearran\lements with hydrogen al]cl erkyi
shj-fts. cherotr.cpic reactions an'3 group tr.rnsfers. i,i H theorj, an,j
stereochem*stry of peri_
cyclic reactions. Aoplicaticn of i,^/ H theor-y
by methor_l of cofrelation
diagrams - Ivl 0 correration diagram i nd
st3te co*erati_cn r.{hqf.r.. sig_
matropic rearrangement -jcrcss t.,-. con_juo.ited
_., -jt..;rs _ craj-s;n rearran_
grement
and Cope rearrangement.
Reference:
1. T H Lowry and K S Richercso:; ; i,lccranism anll theory
in Orr:ani_c
Chemi.stry; I{orD--r' C,,--l- l-,r:S pubi : Slti:.1-S,
i,ry
2. F A Cara.y ?nd R' sundbercl: ',dve,ceoorg,an-ic Chem:-stry, pl=num
'T
UNIT -6
ItIoIecu Iar reerr-an;;erncnt s .
( s r)
prerss.
Dctail-ed discusslon of :iit-- folio',Jirig rcarrarr,Jements
rvfth emi:hasis
on mechanism inciuding avairnbli: ev-liienci:s
anil apni_i_cation if any in
.:odj-tion to description cf thr: r.act-i_ons.
Hofmann, Benzilic, Bat:yer
viliiger.
Demjanov, Stevans, i)icnorrr-!)h1g;1el anu :rtraGner _
M=^erwej-n rea_
rrangement, I"Iolf r., arran,-yem*nt Curt:u,-;,
,
I-avorslli rr_!.lr_r:lnqement.
Refcrence
r
2.
3.
4.
5.
r-
L !'r-nar, Orgranic Chemist-rv , ..Io--.r.: , ELB,S, 5t.ir
E.Jr-I .
Hendrickson, Crarn .:ncJ. Hammoni, Crqan-ic Chen:istry,
J March - .i\d..ranced Organic Chcnristr_y.
Peter sykes - Mcchanism in orr{:nic Ch:nris,ury.
Benzal - Named Reactions, Vr,ile Eastern 3rci
Ecin. 1993.
-L
C.onto. . . "4
,III
i-r..v.;:oii sir - e<;"l.anation of the
17 -- Esterfication €rn(f ..:si:i-r
symbols.-used
a.nd experirnent.l ," c,. -r,:1t --lcijr, for :C
(: f,)
..nci ,=iL' scission.
I"lechanism
Mechani
sm anci
anci -Jxampr'is f c,i' rt,-.r i-.., lri cl zs.i s,
er;terification of the
follovring, classes An^1 .
riu-/ urrg2,l'.':,:
i,-rL 2, a,r-iL, B.nL1,.1nd 8,._2
Ref..fenCeS.
'
€-
1' J March - Advanceci organic Ch::r,rj.-it:r'v.
l{cG^.,w riilr (3rc t-.on)
2. E',c;Gould - Ii,l.--chanism anr-l .st_-:.,- -_
-:_ , - Or-E,.-:,_i c chemis+-ry
1' Banjamin, curninqs Publishi-ng
L--r.ni-..ir-rr
(e
r
C.::,_i{.
i-,rnra.
L)
Definition of polyrn,..rs, undcrst..,tnc.tins
of rrr: fcllolving terms.
Deqree of pclymer_isationz r?:v(_,ltduc cieo.e., of
l oiyrri:rlsatj-on h6mopolymc.r
and coporymer, types' of copolym.-,-r-s. {art.crnai:inq,,
.rancron block an,cr graft
polymers) ' Lingr irranched anci nct r';ork uor-ri.i.,rr:.
Foly6q,;1-isation proccssos
ehain g-rowth (radicar, cationic -nd .rnronic
i-,()-r..rrnc-.ization) and steir
growth porymettfzation - -Lrrustrat.ocl with suitairli.
Gr{ampr*s. Fibers,
Erastomers dr'ci prastics. Tl'rermoplastics ancl thermcsettilq
rusins,(Basic
ideas only).
Brief studiz of the stucturc,' crllCi :plrlicaLicn r:f polye.thylene,
porypropyrenr:, neoprenLr, te-f rcn, pr.:.xiorrss :Ev:,
E.1k:rite, tlrea_ form_
?
aldeh-rde, melamine - formaloehyo.il r,jsins, poI-7_,strrr.s
anC polyamides.
Stercochemical confi-Errrat1on i;f pcLymerc _
Tect-i_c_ry _ isotactic
syndiotactic, at acti c, t h. rtocli j- sc r a t i c, .:rr-thi^r--c].-i
i sot.l ct i c .
?:. Refercncc :
1. l,lorrison and. Boyd - Or:ganic Chernistfy. ?rentic.:
lleli r 6th
2. Bilmeycr: Te-<t Bock of poiy,r;,r ilh_,nr-istr. .
3' F li carey, R J sucberg:.i\clvanccc ci-e:rnl: Ch:nistr:y
prenum
Ecln
. 1992.
pr-i)$s,
Ts.8/7/
A,
2?
4-l -e
il
t-']APEP,
i .
LrNIT
ViII :
PIIYSICITL CiiEl4.L-STRY
(Second Semester-)
I - Statistica!
(50 t,;
ii
r ..i
Therracdyna;njc:
,(26
,u)
,
:
(6 r),
Prlnciples:
Permuti.rtlo' -=. Probability- :dis-il'ibu-i;icn of pi:rr:1cl-es in ener8y
l-i. crc .ttatel-: ::ilil ri:icr( cciifii-Iurat-i.ons . Statistieaf weight.
s tates .
l4ost probable distributlon. Bcl-tzrnan dj-stribution law. The
partition functj.on anc' its relatiorr tt thc thermodynrrmlc frinctions.
-gas'
i'' ' '(J L) ' '
The pe::fect
i:rto the trarrslationalt
Factorizatlon of the partitio:r f'r-inctj.on
rotatir.rnal, vibrational- and Electrotl-i r.. 1-;ir.F+r,i .
io';iie tr,errrodyntimi.c functlrlns.
The corr,esponding contributions-i:ei:rp^,si-rture
reletion for hydrogens
an::molous
heat
capacity
The
para
hydrcgen.
ancl
orttrc
(6 L)
The Atouiic Crystai :
The iinstein theory of atomic l;rys*,,lis. Deb;re rs mod.lfication of
the. Einstein model-.
(4 i)
Inperfect Gases:
The virial expression and the vir.ial- cceff ic:-ents. Reiation
i:etvreen the virial coeffj-cients ,:ilcl thc- clu-"ter integrals.
(4 L)
The ldea] F€trrni Gas:
Ba-"i-c
tu.-j-
.
Fermi _ liraC distributicn e.eh,. ii,1i-latiorr Of
Gas. l,imitlng forrns of the exprsssicn at
(a) I{igh temperature and 1ow ,ietrsi,ties
(U). icw temperat\:re a:rd high derrsities
;t.rte of an ideal-'
Farrni
'Application to elec*urortE ip ut.:tal-s.
T'he ide a1 t' -rse gas
(t
s
L)
sose -Einste.in distrlc'rtion l-aw. Al.prig'r11., to Bose-Einstei-n
conderrsaticri.'Api;Lication to 1 i;uicl iibliurr.
The
REFERFjI:ClISj_
1. G.S. Fiush Brook Stetisticai iijeciranics, Oxfcrd Univers jty PeeSs.
Z, 'I.L. Iiil\.an' Introclucti-orr to stetistical Thermodynamics, Addibon
vie sley.
".-. _
j.'K. Huary, John Wiley Statistical i'iechanics 'Ihermodynamics and
Kine tics .
l+. F.C. Andrew, EqLli-l-ibrir-rm statistical i'4e.chanics, .iohn Vriiley.
5. O.K. iiice, Statistical Mechiinics rfhelmcdynamics and Kinetics,
,
UI.H. i.reeman and Co.
'The cop{rg,ryaticnaI
X-ray Clffraction studies of simple liquids'.
Fartition fr.rnction fon I1qulds. latticE tlreori,es of the iiquid
.
state.
.
.,
Cqntd---...-2
t
\lt
-2(a) The eell- or free volume thecrY
(b) A simpie l:.ole theorY
(c
)
Orcler-oisorfer theory. Lennard-Jones ti:eory of meLting
comniunaL entroPY in liquicls.
ir-rfiiFi.illCgS)
1. J.A Berker Lattlce theories of the liqpio st'''t6 pergamon Press'
2. I l,rlgogine l,lolecular TheorV of solutior:-o North iiol'tand
publlshing Co.
1. O.i(. i-llce, statistical l[echat:ics Thermcoynamics and Kinetics
W.li. Freeman and Co.
4. I4olewlrn rlagheS Physical chemistry ci':rrrbricige university Press'
(10 L)
5 - Solid
State Chemistry
--(Br.ief irrerjticrl-oniy). classificatlon
Electronic structure of' eolids
r:'Ir:C irisulators'
;i-;offOl into ccnductcr, eer:niconiluctclrs.iritDort.,nce
cf Semj-cDnductors'
ireparation, propertfes ir:ci lndustri'ri
rrNiTT
- -_1
tt
L)
Electrons
Imperfections in solids. Poirrt, line auu plane cetects,
(t
L)
i:nd hoies . Nons toici'iicme irY
Imperuections and Physlcaf proper"ui-ci:: .rf l:i-r-r iGs. (1:rie f Survey)
- l'i-'' c.;r.i-cL!l' 'crrcuctuvitl" iiaff
) Electricel prcperties
eff ect, dieieciric prroilt'::tj-i:s' p :'':zc'ri=iectricity'
f erroeJectricity and coi:dtic rl-v:-L v '
t+.=i.el-ic€, coJ-our
ii) ' Optical prope r*"i.: . - pirctoconL*:tivrty,
ri::ii;;el'r;d"
cEnti.es r'la'sers tafei:ctictr, b:-r'ef
'
r-11/ i,iagnetic properties - Ciarnep;ire lish, Parainagnetlsni ferrornaEn e ti sm-, antif eryorira..'r i c' t i. :r a: :,f 1 r: i:l'ilir:iiln e ti snr .
iv) Thermal proi,erties - tliermtrl ccncluctlvj-ty ar^d specific heat.
v) r,lechanical prOperties: Strt:i3,ti, of gearl cr'\'s+;a1s as cornpared
with an iceil- irystal, diffe:'ent strengthenlrr6: mechanisms'
(6 L)
i-
,
:-.
:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Entroduction to s'o}lde, L.\' . ;iztr:'|i' "rcbr:iw-lii I l'
Chemistry of ,solids A.K. Garlwa'r: ;ilat.,r:rltl 3ri.$ i.iu11.
Solid State Chemj-stry N t=: Har:n;' Fr';z:'cLc'--Ifiil
ScIiC State Chcmlstry J Aruct Hecjl,,c-1 i-Jevler
i''iiysical Chemistry G lvl Barrow I[c'ir..iw - Flli
Flly--ica1 Chemistry ii J }{oor'- i'r,:At1ce - .Hail Soli-C State
''.'
CiiErnisiry A R h'est John VriJ-y.
i:
Contr]....r..-.1
I
r1
-2
UlifT 6i.'Phctochenis_tfy
(:
(,?-acllatlve ar:'i r:on-radiative
r,)
25
rr.nsi..ticns qi-:*^twn yie 1cl ).
sensiiisaticn chen,iir.:r-rririescsnc= - iherniol-Cl"lo.ence
Flash Photolysi-' - pulse raciiol-v..r-" - :i'r'r-1rcp-i.r,-*nini""
hytlrogr'-n chl-oi'ir]e reacticr,. rij:ieci r,-' ieri,per.irture ;n photo
chernical- reacti?! - photoreacti:r-rs .iri sol_:_'rj ;iii;;; ir"ria"Frlncrple of utr]lsatlon solar cli:r,oi,r - soiar ceils _ anrl
their.working.
applr :atrorr .f ph:tociie,nistry
the
-' -rea'cticn cciand.i;l9iogical
.u[c in t]ie ],rese.rice r r tif:t;
Pho-Eo
-
---
t
r\
lh
--)-t-r-L
1
FAPEF
- IX
il iIUJ]ir.)i-' j;a :
IN$TRUi\1EltlT/rL METFi0DS
B/is ICs
f
(
U,N'I
-,i
r
thircl
i..,
c-mlJutcr
; ',.
OI' ANi,LYSIS
y''t
/::ND CilNi UTER
(scL)
"
Semrrs *"cr
)
TI
Basic cilectrnnics: Fl east.l rEnents .f curreit, voltage ::esistance,
Ia'ansistcrrs, ahPlifigTs,
co laulr cede, diodes and trinCes, rcl'i'it:r.:rs,
-L'rr:rii';.s
ters , oi gital ciectrnnics,
VFVM. linear intaqreted circr.lii.s ,
piezE en d plrcr,.,electricitY.
( s L)
e
0)
+,
a
o
Fl
d
E
-lC)
0J'
od,
I
x
0)
T
UN]T
2
{,.:
lt
.
J
'
--
'
Ana.tng and digital computers. L-:crr
ideas nf E,FU, input ancl autp,t.rt t-:'e"i
;the terms : R0M r RAM, F R0i'{ ' EFlti-1" ,
Hardware and s"f';r.,5ir-:
iHard distk.
EBEDIC , A5t I I , '-iCU. F r- -orar,rming Languag.es I Maehine,
informations
FIow
Assem5ly and High leve1 langia.;::js. Interpreter anC c.mpilei.
charts. A1gor5-thm '
System snftwere and epplicatj.lrr .; ft'"r'--'ri:'
ccns tan ts an d var j.ab }es ,
tn BASIC L.anGuerJ.,. llutrcric
Iitrncuctien
jc oper atinns . l''r ierarchy
s tring variables. i Symbols r' f --ri t'i-.tt; ':'L
11
Statenrents sucir .-.?' fiil';.-t1'EI!T ,.LET, lNFUT, READ,
rFiEN, G0TC, FOR-iitxr, G05u5-tf TURI'i , l,iHILE WEND, 0N-G0T0,
DAFA, tr
0li - 605LliJ, DI['1, END. User cief inecl f uctii'ns '
of aperatienq.
System cnrnmands such es Diii,
CO}-Y, DEL, FRII!T., FORI'IAT.
l'1Lr
, IO, tI5T,5AVE,
LOAD, RUN, EL5'
SqudrBS
Entering and editing s taternr;n r's ' iie thncjs cf Leasi
(10
L)
(nn1y
idens)'
basi;
Mr.de.l-irrg
Mo.leculir
UNIT.-
I
a,
o
3
ElectrcanaJ.ytical methnds (Bcrj-Lr: tl-renry and instrumen.taticn and
typical applicaticns):
'
Electrogravimetr) r cenStant cui:re:t snci Cr,nStant pntential
ccul-emeiry Ion =L1""tive e'l e,:ctr:nde::. Voltarnmetry, F'olarngraphyt
amperometiy, b5-ernperametry r ci,cl ic, vc.ltammetry chronnpr ten tiometly
and stripping anolYsis.
UNIT 4 :- UV-Vis and IR spectrr:phnti:netry: Basic instrumen.tatien.r
Fn'il;Tuut---"nd deuble beom ins*.r-.rlrrr-fits. F undamental larvs of
=pultrrophotnmetryp N.ephelometry anci Turbicimetry
1..
Basic theory a.nd ins trurnentatin'r ,,f Li'.5, f l-ome ph.ltometry qfld
(B L)
:ifuarimetry-.
analt's j-s: TG, DTA and DSC
UNIT 5: Thermal methods nf
j-1-:r'ts.
(5 L),
TtGFruiGnta.tinn and app-l-icaf
:ir- .
extractiori'Liquid
Liquid
teehniquesr
UNIT 5.. Seper.rticn
Ieuts. Use cf oxine, ciithiazrne, high-moletuf ar
weight arnines, dithir-carbamates cnrJ crewn others in extrectien
"CTrTbu+ion
Cr:ntd. . i.2r
1.;.^3
'
'' t at'
\,7
l
.,i
-! 2 z-
i
I
I
t-
i'I
,a
:
(.
Classificatinn, Thecry, bas ic !instrumentr-Ltinn
es of FraFer r thin loyar , -Liqui r:l , cnlummn r Qas and ien
exchange chromatngrophy HFLC
'( B L )
Chrnmatngraphy3.
and
us
UN I T r.:7- HadiochernicaL Methor:s
Ec tTvE=Einn ano1ysis.
[i
ef eten cBs
;
A5rplicatinns nf radionucLides,
3
1. D A 5kr:ng onO D X LUestr Prj.rrcir:1ers r:'f instrumental analysis,
2nd edition , 1980).
2; H H Willard, L Merit, J i-, DEan iiir(: F ii Sett1e,
Ips trun,ental methods of anr.: lvs is: , 1982,
3. VogeIf s Text Bcc,k urf quantj'l-.riivr: Inr:rganic analysis.
Fourth Edn. 1 978.
4. Underoternding gomputers , M1=dricl' anci Dnnovan, Mc Graw Hill..
5. Computers in Chemistryr Fa j,-:qliFa.lan and Faman, Tata Mc Grow
HiIl.
6. Intreduction t; computers: FuncenentaL of system analysis
end basic programm.ing Vol.I an.l Ii, Subremanian, Tata
Mc Graw Hill
7. N Subremanian, nFregrammina in HASICrr. A L wheeler and Co.
B.
Stewari M Ve6it. rrFfegrammin q in BAS IE , Froblem'5elving
with Structure and Stylet', Ja-ico i ubljshingHouse, lilmbay.
9. Jaf fray B Norton, ttlntrncuctinn tn BASICTT, BFB Frublishers.
10. Eyron 5 6nttfried, uScheumrs 0t.,'b1jne r::f Theory anci Froblems
of Frrrgramm5.ng with BASIC inciutl--i.ng Expencied Microcnmputer
t;'
'r" BASIC Sectiontr, Mc Gror.,, Hj l-.L.
.
:
ak/9/1/
2g
lAi ER X
(
tnird
II I
Ii\r0RGAriiC CHtiyISTny
(soL)
Semcsts::)
: 0Sganopetall-ic ccmpnunr,s .f irens j tien anc nofi-tronsiti.n
-UNiT I ts.'Niture
c,f metal carbrn Lrr.nrj,-;.Nnnencla6ure Transition
metal tn Carbon niultiple bondr mrie1
caJbcnyts. carbenes and
Earbynes.
Alkyls and aryls of rrain group,:;.Lemcrrt.s ( S L)
UNIT 2 ; Transition nret'aL com;-,-l.r-xcs
chain ctonor lir:anrlss..
'uithbuteciienrl'
complffres Df lefines (ethylene, aJ t5;l anrJ
".J-II"iliu"r".
Cyclic donor Ligends: Synthes:,' , s trui ture end na ture of bonding :--'':
---anci reacticns of typicer c.mpr-ercs ,-.f 6yc rnbutadi";;;
benzene, cyclopentadiene and cyrl.r-ctei.etrene.
"voi;plii;ci*y-t.FluxionaI organometallics
(tO L)
E---
3'i
!III
sucn as
Eomplexes of transition
.H21 NZ,
DZ
N0
r:l.ements with sma.Il. molecules
r ond tertiary phcsphones ( tO L)
i
U\lIT' 4 .z fvletol-Meral bend and rnetaf Glusters - Carbenyl. and hattae' ,.
c.Lustere - strueture and bnndin g.
--l ( s L)
urulr s : Homogenecus and he'terr:EenDous. catar.vsis involvin o
0xidative additi.In, =eductive-eierinu;i;;r'
jnsertien and extrusinn
-!Tganometallicsr
reactinns. Hydr,: genaticn, carbenv.Iation
hydrofermylet'j.ern, is.ernerisaticn anr p,i:tynrerisation ;;;;;i{i]l'"(io
r)
i Essentia] and trace clements in bioJ.agVr. m.etpl porphyrd;ns,
obin and my1.$lobir, chlcrnpr,-u:i? gyctochromes,
cobalaminii .l
dea on metarloenzymes, Fe-b [".i"ii,
;it;;_;;. fixation,
.
BOOKS.
1. F A Cotten anC G, Wilkinscn, r\avan.cecl Inr19261. Chemistry.
5th ec!itien, ';t/i1ey Interscience, fluw-york. 2, K F Purcell anc i c Kotz, In.:rsanlc,chernistry, Hest
saunders
I
InternationaJ. editicn , 197J.
3. J q Huheey-, -Inorganic Lhenistry, Frinciples, structures
anC Reactivity, 3rd eclitinn, tilri,,:r and' fton€.,-N;;-iorf..
TEXT
4
-
P
Frinciples
of
.f ?yerr,,.
-!rr-i.jn..;metarric
edition'hapman
and Hal-1,
Lcnrlr_,n 1gEg.
Lhemis
try
secnnd
.
3,1 -
(Third
r-ryIT
Ser.rester)
1 -Crpanic Soebt:"oscrcpl:
Applicationq .f LnI, IR, lii/iR (l
structural diucidaticn of crgr.:ri
approacli only-Ins trumenta tlon rio
UV. Characteresti-c alrscrl:tion of
?frIes for caiculating abscrption
{",5 L)
A.
l3 C) and MS j-n the
fR - Ch;' racterestic grcup absor
Alii-anes, r\ikenes, iilkynes r M.rpen
alcohols, Phenols , eth=r's, carbc
NitrilerS-HandS=0Aroup's.
,.,
H\ii{F-: The c}iemical shift-o and shieirjing, cfiemicai eqr-:ivalence
Efriliuagnet:-c equivaience:, Locai clia;n-rg:ne+,-ic sLrieldin angnetic
anisotropy,Spin-Spinc-otrp}-ing,cc.'upl-i118COnStants,.
of ioupling .(onl i:ona a:rd two bcnC coupiin 1y). ,'"
Protops cn heteroatoms. Coupling
-ano Df protcns to other ::uclei.'t'.'
'boarrfening,.
iecond orCer spectrq. Ar"onnatic
First
Quadu$o1e
bonrpdtnds. Homotrolic, enantiotropic and clidstereoilDpic, eaantiotrcpic and diaste.:'ec,toplc systems. Spin decoi:pling
DoubLe resonance. High resolution llMR. Vic-i-nai and geminal coupIfficrechanism:
:,..
in rigid
systems.
- 1l NI4F.I C f Che:nica1 shifts, clrrelatior: bharts, ca].cu-'' '.
]ffi:rT,Csjrifts.Prctorr-col;;;1ec]C-13Spectri:sp::n-sp1n....
sp11{ting of C -. 11 slgnalsr ir-:r:':'tcl ii,ccupied r, .r:tr3 t,'-'f resonance
decoupl,lng compounds .with aronat., : l' rg.
-..:
C
.;
cf 'I,iclecul-ar we.i-ghty.'"
''
froq Isctcpe rati-c d.rta.,
' Fra6u:entation.pattenr
'.+'
. - 'r
in dlfferent' blas*"6g of ccmpounis
:'i "
References:
#i .' '
1. Silverstein, Bassler, r'.'icnll-J- - Spectroscopic ideu+*j-fj-ca
gl*Qrgqplc Compounds - .Tohr.r h11e1,' sonfl , 1')91 .
'
2. Kemp: Organic Spee'trcsc'Jriy - -:clvli.Ilanr 'i996.
3, P S Kalsi:-'spectroscropy of .;rSanic CompcL,:nds -- vrileY Estelfi, !997.'
l,lass Spe.ctra, Def--ninati-on
'.
.g
.
,
'*.
-- O-xidati-cn numl.err Oxidation cf hydrocarbons, Oxida
.,of :.
Addition of ox-$gen
ox$gen at c.-irbon
do ,bo-nds.
c.-irbon c..rrbon do
,'t:o-nds. ''
a1coho1s, A.ddition
Cl-eavage of Oarb n - CarEch doubl-e boncs, selectlve oxidativel...
cle.,v.ige of cthe.r funotion:l groups, Orjcii-rtion of al-dehyd.es and
tones, .All.y1i-c oxidertion, cxiC.;ticn of s;;,'stems contai.rring
Nitrogen ard sul-fur.
-
,
.
j'
.:.'
:....,
''
.
,
.
:i,.
. -'i
Bbsic . o-.p€cts of electroorg:ilic reactjron-.dlectfoorg-r:ic synthesiE,-:,.i
r.rcc:npourrris _rrlfl
lu
oc.:npounc,ls
f unctional gronpqi
;tirer. lunct1onal
involvi-ng re iu
iJrvoJ.vl-n€i
-rnfl ttlterr
trotlpg:
l:IectrcpolSmeril.--arrd
of
h
hydrodine-:ciz-.bion
Oxidation
.
z:ticn reacticns.
3<>
'JlIrT
.l!-ul!:iig
t-._
-.^:
.-,;ii r,-!1.
L..i:ijlL:
i:"kl;.i;'-'.,
i#|iiffi:
sJm'thet-lr: .
ir.ti pi
- -.,;-,iS
tne :,:l-i:r,,ini ii)-i;i
(iii;ofpr-eder-,i;=r,r:ij;;,,irr)
. J,
_,1^,.
-"i-"
ir:,,,
(':
-
,'l
,i.
_.
terc.nvestion
te trting, tncups
,,_,,.,..,r:
L)
e
e
,
rechcmidal iyn;frre-
-., (ii) p;";iii;;r,
References:
"
1, F .,-i Care-r,, & R'J-'S.:rrii ber,'
,,__,,'9,
,_ 1 C)rg;tri\c
utrr r .ri..'.'
i-lenr;m FresS.
Chelris try,
crganlc cheni,t:J, r-r-entr_c.=
.
a-.
;..; J :Tice,
F]all-, tri'Jrfi:
uNr!--
Princ'ip1es -'f
''t'g,r'ric
l,:;11
,.il,rntiie
i.)e,,r:
s-is,
_-pr{ggE-n
fic...ticn
of,
-ir.JJO
;.:-ciOs
of isol:tior: ar:d ;;i;";#;i
Ii";:
.tions. -Str.ucture ;i-;;;"pine . :
Terpenolds; Ge
9,,ticn-cfa.s-"if1
fragr'rrrce
anri f.
insect
eArJd.tlvE
e'
tr.rr-a-l_
cc
,l=
rr!)
D3
,,r"".i
Pr
one.
Fiiev.,111ifls
-.____,
;lfnn."
j pile , cids ,
.cl't.'i:-n-(',.
'"ti,,;'l.r?.;;ii;j
eiuui_
;ii;i;ff
" steroiclal
i
sYnthesrs of :
::.'t '
"",i"_
ter.pencids as
steroicjs - g1=:"-"ific.r-cicri
*- -. of ste.t
.Androiser:s , r;e-o tr
v
on
ne_gener.i-t rn€in.,d-
i'epeJ1.,
E
cirapriian and
(10 L)
Primery .rr:d,seccnde rJz ,i:e tabl,litt
Iiatural- ,-.roduc'ts; aii,'aiJicis:
rlng struc br-ir.e. Iml,ortance .Lfcii.,.r
-e;:
Je1-<sy
ers.ster-ci
-r:d.;15,,:{1]xjili:;
1
id,' tion o-f
.1y9ne s .
is ci._l-. vLr.lcne
_ -Cf
is of urnr:c l_l-i.:_.;^;;;
.,.,7,.,,._i y:
#e, ; :fi:
os
r,.,
",_,
I
" i. .
".i
;:'
: :r
t
^
i l r,'.'
l:
i
;': ;i i;.'ti
:,--,..,]
i 3 I I " i,
.
i_rnd
! "'i':"'l i rf:;ld. l"
3
"
Ref: 1. f L I.in*r: Orgenic
Cireinrr=tr..,zr /__.l..fi.LLij_
2' F'.,s I''rrts1: chemistr.,. lf
r. rtui,-:i l-,r-.ldi.icts,
riiley
Easterr:.
(; L)
Ccr:tc_j..... ...3
3t
-J-
u"",,jlirli 'i,, ..; #-';;;";:,;J,,;:r-,.'it"J:i;|J;'j;
gen l;ondinii rr
,:lxtlJ=r, Ti"o,#I
--rbtein ,ror.cu.Les,
-
I :'
?5f;;*,l+;iJl_"1
G€rjc:1-'-
lleferenc.es
u..llfe
'j'
elrZ:v.ii,ils
r ilor-renci,rtu^re
glcl
'j:'J;l;;Es
:::l:,: ::fi;.;;,
cf
as-"ir.icatio,-.
r,1eci,.,,i.,]
or ;:ctlo,.
I
1. f L Finar' .- Orgar:ic Chemis tr5,
Vo1. iI. ELjJS, 5th Edn. ,_/ts
2' if H Thcnrpscn The chernl--tr-v
;f i,ietural Frc;cruct-<, chapman
Har-r_.
ilenclrickscn' c.trh and Ha:,rond
- orrl--rnir: chen:i;tr5r - ivicGraw- Hirr_
:' lviorriscn &rj,j
.+.
r;oyd ijrganic Ciie.mistry, F .entice
Fla1f , Oth Edn.
,i:
_LlNJf1f_-ti,r. !e I .+cid s
T \
L,)
.)
"
eotic.le s, jjll.,\ and
c.:.rc::1 .i_mpcrtirnce RI\iA
.
p-iic.,tion of
netic ccds DI,:r\DliA
ir-ins of rec,ombinunt
a a \l
References:
rvlU
2'
jr.l.V/ Iij _l_t _t:Ck
f;"fa,nlfi!'.
*
-l'-he i'hqr
j-rrl"
i-',-
.litur':i1 i)rccucts, cirir.p,an
a
,. .lil
r-G..tctr,:,n r)J the following:
yr.iniCnl.s arri lrul-i;;:;,
pyr.rzj.nes
uan;_nc,
tl:y:rin.,
Refer-er:ces
;
4T
r. .i- l. t].I1:el- -,_f1.-aniC uhenis
2. Ifomiscn .,::d
1
992.
"vitoii;;;---,
r_3oyc
;ry i c.2 :LBS , ity) Edn. 1gTB.
: Organir. Ci_emist:y, prent:-ce
Hal_1 C,tii Edn.
3r
I
.,F
iII -
EI-,ECTf'ES
(rouR:li
sEI,lEsrER
)
(15i-',)
.lr':mqtics .
c-i -:ivatl.n. e()L'.ction, =t$oq* on<l us'.:s of plant,s ctr
ma"'. cinq j. .r:..,.)r - -nce.
.!. :.. ..r if&..sp.rr..rcj=-,-jsolagleB-;. and. impoftint constltueT-!= of
.,,..
. thr: follor,,rinq e$sent.iaI cils:L,: lrl gra.ss c:-.1-_ Lq;n:.;n cj.I, C1tj.One}la o11, C-itrus oils,
lA, \Jan oil-, Camphcr oiI,
Pq'.choulY ,ril, 'Jasmine 3b
Ci;rhsmcn cj.I, PeP::rmlnt o
Le',vendrrr cil, Geranium D
Mu,k, Arnbergris. oi1, Esse
oI:oresln - Prepar,at.ion cr
Ch'.1Iy, Gincyer :.nd T\rrmoflc.
Rd -:1)
Tire essential r:ils vol. 1.1,/f .. by Ernest Gtrenther
. Rc,trt K Kr.iegcr Publishlnet'Cornpanyr Nel^r York L9722l Organic. Chemi-stry: I.L, Flnar. VoI.II
UTIIT
- I :. Es entlql Oj-Is
,,-
I
.\ i:
REITERENCE$
- Ch.misr.lry anC. struclure of . the foilowln.J-(Syntft*qi:
St,-ueturit elucj..:lott'Oct excluded) ClassiflCation of
&
te ,j:enes -,j.sop:-ene ru}e - earvones' Menth'oL, LLmonene,
Zi rgiberene, g(i-:rhujen'l car-3-e[er ear-z-ene, Carone,
Ca,:,,,i>phyl1inor,t-Pinener CetmphOr, C.itfal, Fr=lfnesOl, Bisa*k'l
ru ;enb1l Abietic .1c1c, squaleno, Cramyrinr pamYrln.
c
1. Orqanle C r,:rnlstry, l/o1. Nr. 2 - . f l- Fina r
?. The Chemi ;trlt of TerpenoiCs Ed. by I'Iewman.
3.'-'The cte*i.try 5'd"i'i,rp.."-,:-'Tils by A.R PlnCv-r
St
(10r)
ids.
C1.;slflcatlr-;n anC -r,rf,Irtion of steroicls. Slmthesis of the
f;-:- -..,rring Choiel,r-erc)i, ErgosLer':l, ErErcllciferolr Oesteroo(
Dic ;,renine, O.35n;-af-iol,'JStfioI, Androst'orone, testostercne,
Prc ; e5tr6ne, ehoirc "1Cid. COrtlscne ,rnd CDftiCcst'efOne.
REFERENCEII
1r Fleser 3r:r Fleser, tsterlods'2. tClremlstl'l of the sterordsr Shoppe.
3. Relevant :hqpters f rom I. L. Fin*f \nol.II.
(10L)
IJN]T -4 : - All. rlolds
Non:nclature, ctassificati3n. Isol,it,lon chromflt,cgrsphlc
&n,. cth€r techni.ques rf nr-rriflcation. Detailed study i::f t-h'
fol.I >wing, I4orphine, Reserplne, Tllcphorin and l,ysergic .ac'
,
'
REFERENCES:
lr
2.
3.
4.
5.
-
Alkalol.ds. by Bentley.
The alka-t --ids by Minsk,: Hclmes,
The pJQn,* :Ikaloi'Cs, I-Icnry-.
Natural p'::Cucts Chemistry Vol.I & ff KoCanshaRele--,rant :Lr-pterl-+ 4rc>r'' I'in,-rr,Io-1-;-f-I--- . -
Contd...2.
t
3r
-2*
IJNr!=
5.:
aa
-: eirLhocyonlns
'
fntr,-:Cucticne General Nature and Structure ,-rf
anthocyanidihe (cysnldin ehloricle) Flavonel flavanone,
plavonof (Ouerc":j-n) fs,rflavr:ne (Oaidezein) 3nd chalcone. ''
RIFEREI{CES:
1. _.Bentle_y, J.ttp. Nstrral pir1m"l!s.f
_Jltersclence.
2r Gelssmsn (ed), the chcmistry ot'blav&d5iil c:rnpounds, (P.-rqain':,n).
(eC) tslogenesi-s of N=tura} ccmporrnrls (pergamen).
- 3. -€ernfefl.d
4. fiqrbolne. eomparative Biochemistry cf Flovonoicls Aca<lemj-e
piess L967.
5. Flnar Vol. fI Ch. 15.
UNfT
( 6L)
- 6r- Prostaql6nClng
Cheml.st:ry of ProstagllnClnes - fsol-ti.-rn, classificaticn,
structure eluclaatlcn and synthesi-s ref PGE, -PGF, PGA &
.
groups of prostaglaDdlns.
.PGB
*
REFERE}ICES:
1.
2.
Pin.:, HbnCrickson, et. oI. , ch. I7.
t
Pogress in the ehe-rnist*ry cLf natural prcilucts vo]. 37.
A
UNI?
- 7:-
Blosynthesis of terpcnoids (mono & diterp: .es only)
steroids (ch:lestercl)
and Ephedrj-n)
=nC
alkaloids (Nicctlne, Morphine'ri
( 10L)
REFERENCES:
L: ' Sec:ndary metabolism, ,-T.I"l.nn, .2nd Erlnr._1987.
2. .!91e'rant ch3pters cf I.L,Flnar.
UNIT - B:- Hgernin and Chlor-'ophy11.
Etructure anC Synth'esis cf
haemin aD'l chiorcphyll.
(gi,)
j
REFERENCES:
-
1. F-inar Vol. I1.
2. BiochemisttT by
Lenei.^cghxrri
il
pr:z-phyri-ns.
Chi:mistnl of
3U
.in{m
{;
.:
'Ai
.
tl
'
r'
i.
2. Adv_n
2.
Adv-n
,
UN.ff
TZ:n
l,ien,i-r:--ny- bV
Fi...i!ilzerr. and R.,j. 1
.2 : i't)r.ma .,f* le,4*Orn;c ,t,-n'l' ,,::. .
,..:
(1OL)
(1oL)
"
.i j,:
-
Ftr1u r::ntr6
ac i. i- ,-c,n,! , ii
l':
:. -
c bi -- t"eaction: J;' i-:,.;.' liruse ,2nd Edn.
,,.--)..,^-:.
{!,*.
;,
nii.r
r-'
-'^^--l
^
!-C' )^1\.)!'-;c;r1ic
Sy:--i,hesi.s
r;u R.Oltl
J,.J,ornan,
istry b1;' lier':cir'-ici.son, Cram' .fld i{arnrnond.
arrii Chemir t:-.; by F.... Care y And"R.J.S
'.
Far+o B.J.rri,;Er1n- : Flenurn pres:: .
UNIT
-5 - Formation af ca: bon - nitr;rirr-en liorro.
(5r)
a
2.
i
LINTT.
4
:
EJEl-.LI:J-Ca.L.i,eInotiS,1'or..'.-.::iCSl,rnti]esis.-*e#me
^- ^:1n i c a-tr ;.rne tho. . s .-, f ov:r-g n
o'-44! 'ilvrr ('l't.,
ex2pr"J.
1'.e
=*
,'tu}?
ii-Iti=
:-)
J',
rl'
... REFEREiIC9;
1. Principles of Organlc liytrthesis
.j.i
,.
ir
!l
ulir{
.E
2.
by.,R. O, C.I.{orBBn
or organorne to:-ii.. r" 6"ir.;ic
tl#i*::,t:on
Sirntiresisuse of o
gtallic
( 15L)
i116,rri)€siurnr laf.hi:L'iri
-Uoi'"",
zinc,
zr-ncr. crl
c&
crpper, borcn, siJ_.:.cc,I..)- rialfad,ium
' cxlpper,
iiiicc,iil r.inl lartirrm
i'iiqke.l- in':.,rrrga.rri"- .,yrrtiresis r':, .Reo:ir;;;dffi;;";;t*
ne^"=-t :)-rons snd enr:ple;es.
corn;nund.s.g..f
ue.
by,
,i,:-
3{
*
REFERENCE
1.
2.
Slrnthe*-ie Re^gents : Pizey..- -'.rol-i-Vf
Scme moCern me-thods or crq.anie synt-hesig by
UNIT
-5:-
?
.
Recruetions
Prin,--ripf q,
c-.ta1yti. flydraqint
dissolrrinq rn;jtal r-:d,.:etions.
crroup-reCriction of ai-kenes, . ^i
to alcohol9, of ketonos to inetooen-tng of qroxid-es, reduction
ccrnpou.nds, reduc"-ion ct arom^t
ttl.
Carfutht=rs.
(r:i,)
REFERENCE
1. Some rdodern methods pf .jrc;anic synthr::is by i{.Carruthers.
2. Modern synthet-i c re2ctions brr H. O Hcuse.
(rzi)
iJNrT; 7:- Oxid3rion
tsrineiple, oxi63'-io;:
.
,,.;itl-r Lr3nsit-j-cn metp-t cx.ig).ents (chromiurn
ancl manq:aD€se compor.r.)s), ov:lc<rnr ozon'l qnd p€bxides, Iea.d
{etraacetate Qnd
selenlr:m rlj-oxide. CvlCa.tion # carbon-ear}ron
Couble hcnCs, 'a.Ichho1-s, rr--leoJ-.:, ketones .end aliehydes, 3IIylie
-
ox-idation oil,iaatj-ve ciecarb.xylati-on.
- ,
l
REFERENCE
1. SOme mo.iern mathods of orga-nj-c s',rnthesis by W. Carruthefr. .
2. Modern Synthetic reactions by Ii. O. l{ouse.
t,
(1zt')
strate-;y
synthetic
UNIT - 8:- Multistep
trrotectiv€ qrolrplTPrinc-i. re of-v pri.ection of gJicoholic, qnirro.. cqrtronyt And e.ar^o>q,rIic qfoyps. ,stereochemistry i-n
dr;.rri" dyntrrlsiS, s:.ereo--selec€ivi ty 1nd reqj-ospecificity,'"
asynynetri-c synthesis. f).1ust:'ntlve synth-esis of -some
crmplex molecules l-ikrt vi[amin 812 1nd a]k+Ioids
i
Y
:
REFERENCE
1. Stereoehernistry of cgrbon cortpou:rds
(wlIey Interee) nelevqnt Chaptcr.
UNIT
- 9:-- CatalYsis
-5y
E.f .E1id Ttd S:I{.Wi}en
(
10L)
C3t31ysed synthetlc proee,sses, ineludino heterogeneous
eat;lysts, a fr:-"f d,:sc ig*.j.on of phase transfer catal]rsis,
Ulsceller catal-ysj-s, citanic reactlons in orgianized medla,
polymer supported reagents and biocatalysts in orqanic
:
slmthesis.
REFERENCE
1. Pollrmer
Q-s
aid in Orq^nic chc--mistry by Narang2 Mathur qnd w1lL1ams
(rgao)
(Acaaemie Press
l.
t
I
*
x
skh2/r/
,;,
,-38
PAPE,R.
XIiI - EI,EC?I\E -
(.C)
BOL )
FOURTT{ SEi.,iES?ER
i- nf) .Iir.j..i-rt;-.r i
: .:n. :.:pT I ,-,1 .:
WfI : f-: Different irq5F_hcds .;f pciymi:i-iTatiln .
i) Step react-Lon (ccn.rensaticn) pclyiner-izaticn:
lX)
RoCica.J.
.
pclymarl2
of free r
I,loleeurai
;
( ZS-,)
Ctr^iq (Additicn) polymer-i zaticn.
pclyrnerizat.ion, Vin]E>cperlmentat meth.-.,i
-;;"
poiymer:-=otir.r,
.
tb
airri-i[.-ai"Iii[rE
pressure cn chai_n poI1'rnerizaticn.
lli) fonic pcJ-ymerization
.*.ir..".,...
.:
iv). Cocr<Iinatl:n Crrqin pclymerization:
porymerl:f?l;: - N--'tta cat4lvsts,
v) Ccpollmrerizat:.on:,
Meeh-,n-i-sm.
Ki-necics
- RinE openinq:, .
.
- ,2: poJ_ymerizatjon proeesses
( sl)
Porvrnerizati-on in homogeneous .rnd hetercrJene,Jus
systens.
Gasphese polirneriJarlon,-s,rri'o,31;;,;;;=Trion
su"pensloD 3nd emaision polymerj-za.tlcn Iqcno onc polymeg precipltaticn,
uil nltelc,:1i-sp.erse porlrren
UNIIf - 3: ChemieeJ re:etions
?f pcl;,rne;:s:
(gL)
B__-s1e princlples, ruolelyla.
An_i Chernical- groupsi Reactivitv
offunetionaI?roups.Postrtleeti3ns^of,;i;;;I.}..-i.,"
-, liuJ'ymsrs
Branchinc
qnc
'tdJ'n E
-i.=$Je.4nc. e::o=i r i nki,,,- -- -^r-.i -..^ ^ .^^
r
- c.tain
lranchin?
==CFi.r,nc_
.
".j=!-ii"il;;
v4Jrtr'=r
' ]v*". rr--ilfd3:]tlon
r on reactions.
r-eac r i<i:: ; : = " Fc11ur,e5
;; ;ff : -Ti f i. ""+::::-,':l?
i
_WlT
;
blln^] s.
-i.
:31#:IIl"";.-II;i; :::i::-l*^i""'
-r--'-'-merits
and d.emerits
1...*aticnarr;arrun ot'
resins,
f:l i;"."
\7--4
1
pcrlrmer-bound
rJ
--1
!
crnt-r--r..i.2.
3?
It
-2( 4t)
I]NIT - t'; Classi-f i"t:,ltiit,n tf ['r)lrrme:rs
Plasticsr rubbc.'rs. an{ fi.,:er:5 I'he;rrl-)sj6rtsi anrl thermoplastic, Llnear,
Branche:-l =i1d crcssllnkerl i:olirme:-s, Ranrl',rn, bLrrek en{ graft, co-Pollumers
an.l steri,ispeciflc polrTm":r:;.
( 8t-,)
- 5: St'; es of M&cromo.lueul,rr ag'greg.Ltir)Il.
tl ine ancl qfoss struct,ure >f sr6rcrom;lecu1c,s. G1a-ss;Y stilte an 1 crYstal-ti
S\ate, Moipholoq.r,' - Morphr:l.c-'r rf r-.rnlyrne:: s-i-n,:le eryst;t1s, Structure of
- -.:-,.1 --.. :r1,sr_ ;-rze.l fr.>m cii* iire.l-t. r:r]rstnlilzaticn idnet,lcs. The
\
\1l\.n^tui"
rf intsermolecular fDrces end t.heir cr)nneqtl,rn urlt,h crystalli-nit1
bfastic, flbre ani elastj-: prepertiq5 of pol.ym'ere
UNfT
{NIt__:-{-
:
Po}ynrer Sc1ut j.ons: :
(eL)
ers F-'l-ory-Huggir.:
rQe anergY-eh,nge
j-seoslty of
rsr F::ectioDat'ior
General rule cf i:clyrner s:Iubilit-y, Solubtlity i:a
'l--reatment of polyrnci solucion. Emtiralpyr entrepy
Lhpertuhe,l cnain {irncusi
-rn polyme:: liisciutlon.
pofymer soiution, Osmotic .l",u.,ure, Swelling :f p
of p:Iymer:sr phasr: sep6ration in.i 1:'-:).ymers'
Structrlrer Prr:i:erties unrl Ch,lracterisation of PolymtLy (fOl)
SLrtCles :;n the thermal. Cptical, elE:ctrieai --and rr.echanical properties
crdei
cf. polyrrrers, crrel=tion of strJctur€ tc thest) prepertiscs. Flrst Meltj
trnsit.lr,>n t'ernp€r,ltuFurr
.na'secrn,l orcle-r lransj-ti")nm,::thoi
"oolnts.r:f_ Glass
th',:lr'iet€:.rmj.natlcn.
Expt-.fimental
temperatr-rfe - grouil
iiethc,ls f,rr m)l-e.cu.Lar finna 'ietermtnati:n >f r:clymers. End
depen'lenee
c'snciintraticn
an3iysJ-s, CoIIig.l.Eive plopestf 1-ue3$Ufement,
crycscopy en{
lcwerinc;,
pressuBg
ot'-"6f ffgative1:icpertiLs,'t/-rp;.,t-i.,:
,.,srnomet{, Ligirt-Lc.1tte::j-ng meth')1. Ultracent{'ef uqatir)n, Soluticn
r"f dat;:'
v15cositi-an<1-m,:l-ecular sj-ie, experimental m€itho'is, tre'=ttmgpg
visc'lsity
intrinsic
Sc.Iudin-qlrtlrrC.=. Emp.iri:.,1 correlat-irns bi,tween
chromaLogr''r?i:
pc.:rmeatl':n
GeI
st'rrretures.
:f
;,nf mc1-:ciilrr S:zo
;.,',lyiitef
p.I,niers"
of
e,c other: chi .i.-,:aihic tecf,niqr:s in the f raeti:rn.-:ti)n
ggf_J:
.{rul-liiai
-'JNIT
-riqfil-j
- 8:
w
:-.i ZatiOO.
Pr1yre* degrat'lln.
(4T,)
an'r. L)hr)t)chemicaof po1lnner degr.rclatlon. Thermql,rnech.nicaI'base
hy<lrolysis'
,iegradations, Oxiaatioi ;-rd Ozohe ,1tt1cfr,. Aci'C qnd
Blc-degrarlatlcn of i)olYmerrs.
frrllcwj'nq1' (SL
lNLr-l' StFJ6tr:re, synthesis and o.pplicqtions c-'f Lhe modlfied
eottcn
polymers - Id'rtive 3n'l1
a) cellulcse anri eeliulo'ie based
Rayon, cel-iul-r-'se nitrlttj, cellu]'rs;c; ftgeLiite'
b) Polyoleflns - Polyethylene'and Polvpropylcne
PvCf ?olystyre,Yler lcrylic polynr':rs '
c ) vinylpol]rme :s
a) Flur':cartr:n ;:olYne]:s - ?eflon
Mechanism
e) Phencl f':r.:r,l]-':lehy4cr an-l urea frrm:lr'iehyae resins
t.') PoIy-;nides .il-,'Icns) and i2o1y'=st';rs -(T'erYlenes)
rr) Capr':Iatam oq:-:cl PolYme'r's'
Contd..3.
t'
t'
t
ri+
f,
:t
,tr
,f'+
t'
.,,t
1970.
a
.hi
:)
-(
,
A
____E-
t- r '
rtr"L4
f
gr9
nld
r
""'
'r,r'l
r i"r
and, o
l'] "uram-i
lc-c
eerii,-."
i'r
,
'-i -,
.i,i...
\-:
_ "- ..e iieri-1.
Qr'*v+
e
:
Pn'
Ita
:
,
"
-
soft
publisi,iag
Hou*eq; , .:
,
, 3 _;_:r_,ii
--
c.
c s l-a{lics
.
l':
;
.ir
a
4
(e)
(80 L)
(Fcurth
Semeste:,)
bir-,che mistry- ..ti ce_.-r_ jili.
r,c terio.l-. r
-i,lf*.r_"_1,
erircntal- ccmllosit:.cn of l_i.,_,--ct,1iu;..1r
Essential
ur.rl tr:ce ."iersnt-*
(5 L)
TI.c uelj-
tlit,
IJ}JTT 2 :
rrF
qIIl,::
tlCn
r-r
of il€t.rl .;cmplexes. Cc-or_t ilg,,r:ts sucl.r i-_:s purii,:s
1r
o'Li,..tcs, anlino acicll", pef-,trrl . .,,
?he use of niccler- com.l)oLrn,js in r:j.,-rcjiel:;tcrir
st,;cii t s (10 L)
Role cf al-kali irnd al-kal-ine e,-rrth irrc.ti,ls
in biological
systens ancr their tr.,nspori
i."o.s the rirc=nrbr-ane.
(g L)
jdII-L;
4 I Cxygen carriers - haellogl_obin a1:C
i:r;,r;,.,Iobj.n, ncn_po6
phyriri rJxygen c.r*i.ri :;;;;"itiiri. u'Irrrrj
I!(.r
;;-h;ocyanin,
J
synthetic oxygcn ca*iers
'..:ilr{ (1o L)
tT[IT 5 : j1]-:ctron transf er ugeri t: _ ,F.e::r;rl1-ylii:
r cyctr:ci:rcmes,
f ron_-=ulphur proteiis.
(e L)
.
UIJIT
6
!
qNgl
;
Ui'','fT
s:-tf--g:
Chloi-cph5rlf .: photosynthesis JJi.rfeEllc_1
r
:iitrogen fixati_:n.
jvretal_c:,rprexes
(er.)
fi:r sturage aird tr"insfer - Ferr.i.tin,
g.IT--9_-: ?oxicity cf metal-s, meta-l
coiiiplexe_q
cancer agen s.
(e r)
as .,rugs and ariti-
8..-&-rc=.*
' itil5;il;r;'l.1t;l:u, iI-ir-Furcerl- a*d .;.c. r,<:Lz, v,.u.saunders,
2' '.ff:t;1.:;:
i;fl
r;;r"ilili:"'", r'dv't:iceJ r,r,;r'r,anrc Q,eri:istr-v,
I
3. J.E.i{uhecy, fnorganic C}renj.stry, irrincipl e s,
structure
Re&ctivlty, HarpEr ancl-Row, i\ew yirk.
4'
I,!etels an,:i Metabcri-o;irr Ururejir_..-n
f;r*Uihil,ir.,
l
ancj
Fress, Cxfcrd,
l
!
5
6
-licirhonr ( eq /, iiloi'5.rnic rioqheiiistr,;,,, .Llsevier,
|
. Bidr-inorganic Cireinistr.rr, Fi. { i1,1.7 *,Ifls irorwood,
G-
gr3.
imgaancl, 19g4,
1
I
/
I
(
(
.'\.
Y\a
a
{
1
rl
fl
)qlj -
ELEC?]VE
(
ilrellE
ment
.
:
_g5,.no,ju:{!IlstIE{Ls_rgy (8oL)
6-t)
rouR:tt
ser,r,ist
cc-r!.I
CC-)!l
ronm"nr
rorxrenr
_
uruLr:;riDhr:ra
I
,.
_
/l*'n:'l--'\J
liR )
.r,
-:l
4\h::.?
-- ..
f,n_r.? --
:-1c
rrh,-.--'stry (sL)
"::l
j
r,*ifi,;i;;
c 1 c si'-- a"1, #.ii,i;;i,""X't-*ll,
bi
Li"r,,"i";r
ji
.
i i'in5"=,,.11
:";l :l; jil g; "'*" : i
_,
tl'i,i.tj
h,:;"*:
"ii.l.,*-
l.-..r
*i
"Fi:tii="l"
j;iip:: 1i"'
it
^#
ilf ;,* r5::";: ;#: ji::. iiii:^ iilir *u:5;j'l;
_ _l3|._.:r?i_.;;;.:."-J;,,*;;::;;.1;,,"i;:;;;-l;"3f=Topcsr>he::e.
=n.
Fh=i-r:
"
pi"urri-,...]-l ;-:llTP-':j tic:r - Ii;;.:I;;;,i""--.,... u.-.r-., t?o
L
an,:i
ri,p:s ,f ;;ii;.i"i.
_2-,
Arm>sph::t:.pi.t.lurion _
Air
aut,r-rh..(i^^-to*I".,.
-ate - Air
._.i
ustrial
'{?T the,.rt
the ,.rt
r;ke.
ke- by
ht,
tryEtr:r and
po1
si)r.l1-gsg
si)r']1'gss
_
(gL)
(8L)
"rt,-r--i*i::t:t:', ate.-crf=;r,ir..
-Crf.. ;r,ir..
chernic'r| t"u.ti,
--;;:::cf qii-ilpt
cr
reaeti
g1r 1pf
i:,ns
o-^ch'*i"ol
so2t ot%, t':
co, Hzs t
ch-L
;f,ff.-:ction
f ectioa.-^-*-,,.,. , . ), rn+ runr8", gf;i
-"t,.l,,r.IIl lrr r Enrlir
^rurnes, -- acj,.l
";;-,
am.DE
B,.D.J .end-phct""r.mi."Ii=:;,r,:"=tems
ici,.'t reinand-chcr"-ji"liir'-fi"T sv.stems
* .]i,]II",":l
rein-*
=Di tfr.=ii
lrc-e;*-'i
cFC:=n,t-,,'z,r.a
re16tion.=-r'o-in.,
rencrion.s
'r'ffect
:..n t"" ,ir.l."+;gr.:
h,-:lc-. ..
.qrr.rr-.anl^J ^*I:::-"
air pollution
;i'- ;;ii;ii;; inc
r ent.. lnili:_,*::
il:;i:*.T
?u1];:," srai:rarcls"
- gh;rr= r-"'.'.. qr,j-fij:t
f.
(sr)
,*rstries, tanneries,
fici,:ncy, toxicity
gen in wat.er f or
Iv.:d )xygen i_n urater.
Meta-Llic pollutirn:
ry:
Treatment of w._rter: Wat;r
domestlc uses. Sewage
:lrj-nkirrg _raraLer- s.lpplfe tr
s.
_ q+.
Minnmate
.1
oi-sascc:.
(4L)
3?3"i.35.H.,1.i:I.if=.r*.es anrl
nnviro,rn";;;
..
-=-\-_,_\
4
PrJ-nelples of
,.1
L
1..
deman{eoo).
REPERtrNCES:
1'
T
it
?oriuri._,n -.:rnrror,
H:ff,H::r.";::'"..
I __5 : Soil p,_:llution _- Ef f ect
j-rizaticn
.,f agric"rt"."r ,.tii;:
ll.t_
.,f. f
Ffur Gehm
? .,i y ?obbu*,.
ertiiizers_
on :soi,
( Sf )
:. i_f..
i,:,esr*ci.lcs
er"Jsiii;;;i;",
.
crr,c
reacri,,,.ry.^:trfectlen-in-r
thermer-ani1- pncr-oi.c;;;"iiitr.,-i.-;iiir;.=st\ire
"., "
me.rsurement,
ut
her:bicldes
_
r.:si,rues i.n
f
sr-.,ir,
*Jf.I-1, Si-:11.3 i\.astes cllssifieatirn
ls - s'e:rltary-i"trr: ii, incineiiti,-r.,, s,)urces lis-:csal (SL)
com;v:sLing gerobie anrl
r'eaetii.,ns - ,...r*1"uJi*rre.-.="v".*g
.
:3t;;"*1cof pl4;;tics 1nd other
ti
I
rtethn
t,D.If? 7 z
'.oXp
,
;;;=".;-;
fn in Eii=
lt"
It
rt
iJ
l6
It
urtv.it':)p1;ncnL.
1.!
rhe
g.rui j
, :_1,1j.,)active envi.?ff:]..
.- , "I.::!:.i:,
"$ffSj "e;*:i,ti5;"i
rTlatenials.
. _. ._
_,_
contcl. . 2.
I'
Ir
ttt
;,
i,
l
'l
.t
f;
l.
l:
i:
ht
Ii
V
t,
B
ff
ti
r-
a,
+6
J-
(h)
JLrl-1i_' j'i.'.', "
(
UAIIT
(6c L)
i
Fourt'li,-,€nL-., te r)
i
-heorles of. ttie sL1.i-r- s late Ir.ee . -r-ection
ti.reory,
aiicl tke-ry / clirss.rf-il ;ilt.t_cn :i s: I i.:l s irrtc conductitrs
insulatcrs , -" emico.i-i,-tr c t, ,:ls r .ru:[)e .:- c r.l.uctors . (10 L,.
,yrIs tat_ def ec ts . .
_-_.
ciefects, elecircrs I eri ii 1.:s. firrper'fe ctions inil non_
s tcichicme try.
(10 L)
Thermodyr:amics of Schi;tti..;v, and F:..::ik-el
r.lefects for_
matiorr. Pcint defe6ts+q.li_iii;r-ra.
lrrtoractions
--(f
between dislcc,-.tions ( Uri-ef ctiscussi;;):
O l)
1
LD]IT 2
j
uijIT,
fmperfections
LN{IT 4
{
d
+
.#
;,
fi
i!
r!
i,,ncl ph.:,.si.c,r]
i,i-op..r"tles
-rpii"ii:f sclids
mog,ctic,
anci thermar_
v"v'r!q4
(uriet discussl5n).
i)f8
Creation o{ ctefects .Dg1;inE, c lmpressicn and fryaCiaticn. C,:r:trol of - the
reactivi [;1,
sr]-icjs
( brief iiscu-. slr>rr .
", (a r)
)
mechanical, .el,ectricil,
prcpertj.es
tir'riT 2
;t
:
LI}JIT
'rrNIT
6
7
UN.I.I_E
:
:
:
Sol-id state react0cns-lJeco
type A (soIic)2e+;: (gas)
rate of scli,i st.rbq r.e._.,cri
grcwth, Ulff usion., Thcu.ri
grcwth (brief ilisc.i-<sion).
'.I,.
r'l
.t,i4
I
isothermai anrr ,or-isothe m:il-. ,iec.crrpcsiti on reacti.ons,
hinetic ar:alysis
dnci el_ucicja+.iori ctf- tic I
I e c orn p o s it i ;,', ;;, lti r; i -i ir"i- . i, : i . .
i i :n""i "r''r,if
".
-nstrumental techriq cs
ri;:3rirr..l- /tnc{lysis , tif t
AppJ.icaticns of inl:ar
=
";1
r
i"irlcJ,ff,rci.: 1r,,, D
ns LiA. ,-
n,.j ,3ti::.nrcai FhlTsics
.Sann,les,ColJ_
t,
a
I
t
References:
'
1. L.V. Azaroff , fntroduction tc s^Iiis, i{c Grev*, Hill_, New york.
2. A.K. Galwa3rr__C!gml!!"y ?f qc.irl;, Science irarperbacks and
Cnapman and Hal_l_ I-td., Lrrnrio:, ?geij,
1. N.B. IJannay, Solic S.t:..te Clieil,i_ot:y.
4. A-i-i. l',estr.Basic Solici state c::enistry,
Joixr wiiey & sons
Ltd. (lggl)
lE, ;rincApies t SclirJ State
"- -'
yo.k-. (1
B. E.e. Sk:cg an
I
t
scopy, and scarrnir.,g :1.,:
J:. sol_iO state retr.ra:ic:
lJei+
t
.{
Vol. I.
:,,n t-r.=^_<s, Oxroid (1966): -,
t'o Aill'-L"';^iS s Intertscier..,
,. i
,.
pr:ancrll-..:" cf *.rsrr.L:me.tal
_
.
<1eip.nra
igelit).
Ana,.ysis,
t,
I-;r
e
r
,i
4
I
)-
I-}.]ACTICAL
Q,-ra,liti
tive t\nalysis/Ions .
I ,,:.
+fI
r IIiOi
: i r
i
Seines
ter)
/for
!'-_-tJ-
,.',.'.......!..:,i:.',:.jrq'...:.'':..,...l:,--..:]'.,|,,.::,',.,',
2.
Sepiiratlon anc ioentificatiorr of iou: i:et:-r1 lons of w}:lcii
tir'o are Less farniLiar el-eilu.i-i1-s I ii<e lat , :i.l , .:-le, Te , Ce , Th,
'V, Zr, Ti, U, Mo; I-i. '
Quantitstive Estimatian.'
Separ'ation and estlmation cf i;iil.rr;,. liiirtur-es of me tal J-Cn-a
.l-n scl_ution.
-Jstlneitlorr c.i thre e cat-lons wiien j.,r'cs€tt.
toi<e
ther.
3. Anal}'sis cf. ores, ail'-lYs, ccincnt' fsrci'Ij-zer and soil'
-1,}-
- rtt Y\
It
tile ccnii ;ciiru: t. i
)
1. !
ethcr]sofeepai.ai:ic-iindprrriilc:t;l:nr-.forganic
rllst'i1la'tiont
l-c';i -il;:'t-s-i:uI-c
- -lt.rc-tici:li.r- tti.,;;t
_;itrL
3s3-ii6tilr,icl-r'
an'.1
Lion
crystarii_s.
,
f racticnar
CCritrj-r--ur:r-is
--A;=;-?
-----
---
-
:
2-.
c- 5'
separatlon and ideit.:-11c,-.tj.':,n
mixtures
i:inarY
orEarric
crj:'
thc
coirLponents of
khich
Analysis of al-:ou-t Ten rilixtur'i:e , r:f rionle-c-'f
group'
Contalnitg "o*iounds witil i1riiI-':. t-iiirr J''r€' fuiictrr-'naf
4,,
z
iri-c coilPound. (+t
'{. ;,r'r. rtccile,r.ir-''l li -t'ii,cticns )
li, l''. ir:'ris: :llC reactlcnl: sl;ch as
, ii.( ,llii'1'- i-. i.;;,ann , $andmeYe f ,
i i ,: l.li;, i ctnci benzoin ccindeni-,o.l,y:r- trcr :-rrouiiL tic compcund-",
il.i--"-c:: :li^,!r
r: u'-'.
l+.
:
estirration
lstlinatior': ;f' trit,-i,' :]." -.- r. 'i:-'.,:rlif lrrethocs,
n''rmber,
cf
lOdine
:i'I::i'-l:inl''tiotr
,
''.'
oi' h-viil.ix.,,l- an.i ca.rLoliyl, ,;I'', sLigars
1ng
reclric
l-:ll--l--,-ur.
t
.
.
.l
'--'f
arrd aoporri-t iciiti-o. va-ilre o1- -,
ri
lrug:''
,irirr.u, pheriois, es-Eei's, vit'-':':l:
Ri- ii E Il r-'l'i C.ii l-'
1-
lt.
i. ,Vogei, li test. bctlk.ri. .rf:r!i.:::- :r:ga;i:-c Cireiliistry'
2. Fiester, llxperiments ill t! ;'i 'l: ::l:::jilst]r"1''
3. .iviailtt oircr, sauutoers, Frac't"icai ):[';'r'r'i'j Chc 'l:istr-"'
4. lje)., sitar,aman Arrc Q9r.r-i-rrc::cIia.il- r ,1, :'li-ra'r-.tcry tilanual of
Orgar:ic Cheri:1s tr1r.
5. Ch.errrrris and l-a.trikit: ser,i-ri-:',_t "a:."iiic Lfi'3J.,'5is
-r
(: . A.t
\rogei r .l'ruel-itatj-ve 'lr-1;'-'r-' 1. -'1-1li-r"rs l-"1 '
(1 .n,.--L..
anil t.. -l i:, ;;:;.;t:i 1, i.JlLl,e]^lrilental OfganiC
n.
D e uaari)rr
S-i i-r oh r\
lrL^Pi'Jt
U';'
f . r.rto
'
Clleriistrl, Vol-i:rue s i anil II, !*jC '
8. Fr. srinivasan, ilcl. Ihotocle:lic.:- . L?)-uhesis voli]iles, I & 2,
.:
:i,1
f.i.
ir
't
i'I
{
t
_)'
-
'l
?.
a,(
:li
t
I
'll
a:
,i
,1
"t
'tI
u
i
,{
a-q
LL
PRACTIEi.L
1I
I tH)'5I- l- l;ltt'iiSlFiY
Head of snluti-nn f'rnm =r'l.rrbjl-itr,, ija'ia (Ammnnium exalate,
Unit I
Linit I I
succinic acici.)
1) Molccuii::: '.ur:.j a * t-::-l j,t,.r snlj'.i srrlvent bephemyJ
nepthalene sfni-i E curvc nethn,-',
?) f'iclecu-lrr urcirlrr t - ii'r'i;r .'l cp-'lessicn r:f transitierr
;'c'int - ci:dJing ct.rr\,t.i rnethr i.
3) Ploiecular weigtit - i-r'-.,oscnpic n,:thr-d. uiattsr/bunlr=no,
t
'ls
,r:ater
l'i.t
rL:c:
He iZ
rticn in
anC
1) Cryoscopic studlr i f
determinatinn r.f ci;ticcntraiir-n r f KE snluticln.:
t-:, Eenductivity exp,eriin:nts
i-, 1'r
Uni*" lii
: -' :--'Unit-IV
-
-
c:r,-;':t,
calcuIat,: iii;s iiati-n
Equivaf ent cnnCuc tan;c - f s trr:nq sf cc-"rn1ytes
verificatir:'n i,.f 0tisa,. l':: ::quat;rri.
Lctivity ccieff t r i 7n jrr C.:'c2i''i Zn 5CA using
Debye Huekriit s l-ii, i ::,-'.,'' i-r-:',r;.
Sol-r-,i:i1i';y ;-.1'r'i-,uct 'l :ri:-i,rjnqlv siluble salts
ConCuctance ti'L:c'i:--r irC x i\a[-H, H61 + HCAc x
lai^l
2)
3)
4)
5)
6u5CO
l-tn
it
F
V
1
x
i\aCH
NcCH.
ctr:n tinmcxry
) flectrcCe F.ti;r'ti',1,:'' ,;,i Zri r i-r'- Ag e'lectrldes in 0.1 M
rt, 2\ f rnC fir:i standard potentia
ancl 0.001 l"i srfr-l,i':'i
?) i,lean ac't.ivj.i5' c-,:.:'{ I , { ..ir, r,:lr:l:trcjyte at dj-fferent
mnfri-l-itii:,i lr;, c'l i'in: \ DissOciatir,.r_r Ci:: :,'irn . 'f. ccri--i.c r:::ic try potentinrnetric
mct\.c].
tit;r'liirn
r-f tlro given HEI selutinn by
4) Determinatinn c{ 'l ir:'r:lrlth
-lx.:i:r'ic
r
..'-i'-'"'
.liffcrentjlI
tj-,rati^n.
E) c] isBociatinr: c.n;:t:r' i: rf .-cctj-:,':cicl irr lli5C, DMFt
acetene antj cl j',-'viin I by i':tir.iin1 wlth l'laElt
6) Fetentiometric tit:; -;ir',r.
i) lviixture r:f cir-r'::,-i-s .:nr] j.ndj-de
ii) Mixture rJ liCi cn.' r:Ci:.
IL
T,
/t
Unit
VI
i
Ehemical- Kinr,tics.-'
) Specif ic rea0tinr ::e tr '' f ec j.C cai,alyseci hydrolysis
c:f nrethyl acetilts.
2) Ternpr:ratu,:c crcf"ir-icnt enr' t:norE!'rf activation nf
t'=trrmination of
hydrniysis cf nre-:hli- ac::tatr.
Arrhenius Parcrnc;'Jr: .
3) Sapnnificctinn nr' i.:'1,[i',-] rcct.:t', ( fitreiinnr"
cr:rn C uctan c e.-m ct''i' l' )
4) Inversion nf ca-ri:.r .s-lgai: 'n Er€rsen€e ef HCt try
pc larj.metry.5 ) Indinatinn
rf .3:t- n.j ci:termirr atinn nf nrd'er.
1
C
r:.r
t d. . .2.
*: ;- .*
Linit VI
Adsorpticn
( 3 DxL-jEriirl.'r-l:; i
Verif ication of t reunClir:ir end Langnuir adsorption
isotherno.
acid /'*uti'
,,Deta:rnrina tian of conc,;n tr'l'ii.nn
acic.i usj nE Langmuir i--'cisr-.rrr-licn :l.t;::;:
ViII Phrse equilibrie
1) Simplq eUtectiq py,str,m
2) Compound (one) f'crrnatior"
3) Phenol-water system, Anil--in-Water system
4) Ternary liquiC sys+-em with cnc pair cf partially
rniscible liquids. (u|isn-!ri:tilI-benzens-wflter, acetonechloroform-tvater, etc. i
1)
)
U
nit
R
eferences
-i-f,--:'
-
1)
2)
3)
4)
3
Fracticarl Physical'.i1;i"is'tr"'r A Findlav Lnngmanrs, Green &
Practical Fysj-ca1 Chc"r:str;' fi U .ii.:r:ies J A Lhurchill Ltd,
Experimental Phys ica-i- 3t-ir:ri j-:-; E1'v H ;. itlher ty and cthers
McGraw HiIl.
Expurimental Phys icrr Ll'usi.s try \^r G Fal-ner
Cernbridqe Un ivels it',r r3'.'is .
l--
5
) Experir;entsin Plr-vsir.:i: i i--i,, ii.i::trli D F Shoernaker
C W GerlanC McGraLY ii-i--'
sk./9/1/
and
FRAC
TICAL
I ns trumen
11
Ti/
T
tal
iFL:+-5:!-1-l
':_f
_
i'jr a.l ys is.
Freparation anC r--l'-t'nt-p!1:" i ''l5"is nf met'ar 1 c-nF, lexes
eharactt: r-izatien by sPtr lj.r '"'';':;'c e 'riieq!-; et'j i' anc
thermal methecis-
1.
'
,
'a
?_, Syntheiis enci charecir:iis:-l-i ;, ,'.r . filr., ia) nrqencmetaLlic
cclmllounde anL.l (b) cis --^, 1-r':l: :rjrirersr
?
Ileterminaticns bY 5r, 1,.ran t c x l'-Tl;. c-lic: n ; ian-exchan qe an C
Faprlr, thin la5'er anC c-1urnn i-:h;L-,m116.;raphy anC Gas
C
4.
5.
hrama io gra P hY
EJ-ectrt".nalytical rnethode : i.rrai.;*^is using eJ-ectrograrimett5',
cL-- ilemetryr potentiometryr cr-DCuci:emetry and pn.Icrxcgreirhy.
\
SpectrocnalYtical methc'ds : 5p,cc t.rlphctcmetty,
Fluoririretry, Flame p:hoit''me1;r"' i-'ni; I'i5 a''j Ii1''
ii FIR and -
5.
-
Thermal
[igr's's SPec t,ra "
l{ethr-ds : TGA
anc l-l:i '
#
t
:
\.
t.
Fly UP