Marine Science Center Annual Report 2014

by user








Marine Science Center Annual Report 2014
Marine Science Center
Marine Science Center
Annual Report
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 1
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Note from the Director
The Noisy World of Mud Crabs
Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology Program Admissions
PhD Degrees Awarded in 2014
MSC Graduate Student Awards & Fellowships
What You May Not Know About Vertical Seawalls
External Awards Received in 2014
Internal Awards Received in 2014
Northeastern Splashes Down with Mission 31
Nathan W. Riser Lecture and Memorial Fellowship Fund
Doherty Professorship in Marine and Environmental Sciences
Giving to the Marine Science Center
Prof. Richard Bailey, left, explains the history of
fossils in the region of Nahant during a tour given to
community members at the Marine Science Center
Open House.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 2
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Dear Friends,
Greetings from East Point! The Marine Science Center (MSC) continues to
move forward in myriad ways, and these accomplishments are largely due to
the great teamwork of our students, staff, and faculty. We are building a great
environment for scientific research and higher education that all rests on a
solid foundation of community. We all love coming to work, and that’s not just
because of the breathtaking views around the MSC property.
We continue to focus on our desire to become a global leader in the area
of urban coastal sustainability, seeking to forge interdisciplinary collaborations
that produce solutions for cleaner, safer, and smarter coastal communities. The
efforts of the Urban Coastal Sustainability Initiative (UCSI) are being recognized
as evidenced by a $1.5M grant from the Henry L. and Grace Doherty Foundation
to support an endowed Professorship in Marine and Environmental Sciences.
The Doherty Foundation has long been a major supporter of marine science,
and their recognition and support of our efforts speak volumes about our
achievements and future.
Our students continue to lead the way, setting a standard of achievement
and excellence that will transform our relatively new PhD program in Ecology,
Evolution, and Marine Biology into one of the best in the country. Their
accomplishments are too numerous to cover in this short note, but I should
highlight both Allison Matzelle (Helmuth Lab) and Tanya Rogers (Kimbro
Lab) for winning prestigious NSF Graduate Fellowships, and Robert Murphy
(Grabowski Lab) and Amanda Dwyer (Patterson Lab) for receiving Honorable
Mentions for this intensely competitive fellowship.
On the hiring front, we have nearly completed a search for a new faculty member in Ecological and Evolutionary
Genomics, and are partnering with the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering to hire faculty in the
area of coastal sustainability. The candidates that have interviewed with us are outstanding, and I am hopeful
that we will soon have at least two new faculty members joining Northeastern.
Our signature Three Seas Marine Biology Program will soon be doubling in size with graduate and undergraduate
cohorts rotating between Nahant, the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama, and Friday Harbor
Laboratories at the University of Washington. This thriving program has benefited immensely from the hard work
of Liz Magee, Laura Evangelista, Heather Sears, and Mark Patterson, the new Faculty Head of the Program.
I should also mention the great efforts of faculty from other universities that participate in our program. Again,
there are far too many to mention, but I should highlight the long-standing contributions of Rich Aronson (FIT),
Bill Precht (GulfBase), and Jim Leichter (Scripps).
Finally, we are putting the finishing touches on a new Masters degree program in Environmental Science and
Policy. This new program is a collaborative venture with the School of Public Policy and Urban Affairs and
the College of Social Sciences and Humanities that embraces the vision and mission of the Urban Coastal
Sustainability Initiative. Our goal is to provide students with the broad expertise of environmental scientists,
sociologists, economists, urban planners, and policy analysts that better prepares them to address present and
future environmental challenges.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 3
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Angela Herring, [email protected]
Fish are not silent crea­tures. Just like the ter­res­trial world, there’s a ver­i­table sym­phony of sound echoing
under the sea. Indeed, the black drum fish was the sub­ject of many a phone call to the Miami police back
in 2005, when their mid­night mating calls were waking up the locals, said Ran­dall Hughes, North­eastern
assis­tant pro­fessor of marine and envi­ron­mental sci­ences.
But sex is just one of the many things that get fish mouthing off: they also use their watery voices to relay
dis­tress, find prey, defend their nests, and attract mates.
All this noise got Hughes and her col­leagues thinking. If fish are vocal crea­tures, can their prey hear them?
And if so, how do they react? Fear is an impor­tant part of eco­log­ical com­mu­ni­ties, and Hughes is one of
a number of researchers at Northeastern’s Marine Sci­ence Center studying how the phe­nom­enon drives
predator-​​prey interactions.
Their work—as well as that of researchers around the globe—has shown that the visual and chem­ical cues
that fish dis­patch into their envi­ron­ment can cause prey, such as mud crabs and shrimp-​​like crus­taceans
called amphipods, to go into hiding. But, until now, no one had ever studied the way prey species react to
fishes’ audi­tory cues.
In a paper pub­lished on June 17, 2014 in the journal Pro­ceed­ings of the Royal Society B, Hughes and her
team show that sound plays at least as much of a role in mud crabs’ reac­tion to fish behavior as other
widely studied cues—and pos­sibly more.
“We showed that these crabs change their behavior in response to acoustic sig­nals,” she said. “They’re
just as strong as chem­ical cues.”
In the first step of the exper­i­ment, the team—which also includes North­eastern assis­tant pro­fessor of
marine and envi­ron­mental sci­ence David Kimbro and David Mann, an expert in marine acoustics based
at Log­ger­head Instru­ments in Sara­sota, Florida—looked at whether mud crabs respond to fish sounds.
They put the crabs into mesocosms—experimental envi­ron­ments designed to mimic the nat­ural world—
containing food in the form of juve­nile clams. They then sub­merged a micro­phone into the tank and trans­
mitted var­ious types of sound record­ings of oyster toad­fish, hard­head cat­fish, and black drum fish.
“We pretty quickly saw that the crabs weren’t feeding as much in response to the predator sounds,”
Hughes said.
The cat­fish and black drum had the most pro­nounced effect on the crabs’ behavior, likely because they
move on and off the reef during feeding times whereas the toad­fish stick around all the time. “Prey usu­ally
respond dif­fer­ently if the cue is con­stant versus vari­able,” Hughes said. “It makes sense—if a cue is con­
stant, you’re going to have to eat some­time, so you become desen­si­tized to it.”
Once the researchers deter­mined that the prey do indeed change their behavior in response to predator
sounds, they decided to con­firm that this was due to the crabs’ ability to actu­ally hear them, rather than
some other hidden vari­able. Other researchers have exam­ined ter­res­trial crabs’ ability to hear, but no one
has looked at the capacity among marine crabs, which are very dif­ferent animals.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 4
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Prof. Randall Hughes near the Marine Science Center in Nahant, MA.
To per­form this exper­i­ment, the team implanted elec­trodes into the “sta­to­cyst” at the base of the mud
crabs’ antennae. This is a tiny sac con­taining a min­eral mass and thou­sands of sen­sory hairs. It’s typ­ic
­ ally
thought to be impor­tant for marine ani­mals’ bal­ance, but, Hughes said, “If they’re going to respond to
sound pres­sure or par­ticle accel­er­a­tion, that’s where it would happen.”
And indeed it did happen. The elec­trode sig­nals showed a strong cor­re­la­tion with par­ticle accel­er­at­ion
when the crabs were stim­u­lated with fast pulses of noise. They didn’t hear the same way we do—through
the impo­si­tion of sound waves on our audi­tory machinery—but rather through bil­lions of dis­placed par­ti­
cles knocking against the tiny hairs inside their statocysts.
The study is the first to show that marine crabs are able to hear and opens up a wide range of ques­tions
for the team to probe in the future. The researchers have already col­lected sound­scapes from reefs up and
down the eastern seaboard and hope to use that data to examine ques­tions such as whether mud crabs
on all reefs show the same behav­iors, or if they’re only sen­si­tive to locally dom­in
­ ant predator sounds.
Harriet Booth
BS Marine Biology
Brown University
Advisor: Dr. David Kimbro
Michael Peters
BS Biology
University of New Hampshire, Durham
Advisor: Dr. H. William Detrich
Carmen Elenberger
BA Biological Anthropology
University of Florida
Advisor: Dr. H. William Detrich
Robyn Zerebecki
MS Marine Biology
Northeastern University
Advisor: Dr. A. Randall Hughes
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 5
4/16/15 10:50 AM
PhD Degrees Awarded in 2014
Dan Blustein
Dan completed his PhD in Biology with Dr. Joseph
Ayers. He defended his thesis, titled, “Control of a
biomimetic robot lobster with a synthetic nervous
system,” on December 4, 2014. He will be pursuing a
postdoctoral fellowship in the Institute of Biomedical
Engineering at the University of New Brunswick
working on neurally-controlled prosthetic limbs for
human patients.
Liz Hemond
Liz completed her PhD in Biology with Dr. Steven
Vollmer. She defended her thesis, titled, “The
Genetic Landscape of Caribbean Acropora Corals,”
on November 18, 2014.
Silvia Libro
Silvia completed her PhD in Ecology, Evolution, and
Marine Biology with Dr. Steven Vollmer. She defended
her thesis, titled, “Genetic bases of immunity and
disease resistance to White Band Disease in the
Caribbean Staghorn coral Acropora cervicornis,” on
December 9, 2014. After graduation, she started
postdoctoral work at New England Biolabs.
Catherine Matassa
Catherine completed her PhD in Ecology, Evolution,
and Marine Biology with Dr. Geoffrey Trussell. She
defended her thesis, titled, “Ecological context shapes
the response of consumers to predation risk,” on
April 10, 2014. She is continuing as a Postdoctoral
Research Associate with Dr. Trussell.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 6
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Dr. M
of D
the n
her p
of a
ng a
s for
” on
” on
External Awards
NSF Graduate Research Fellowship
The program recognizes and supports outstanding
graduate students in NSF-supported science,
technology, engineering, and mathematics
disciplines who are pursuing research-based
master’s and doctoral degrees at accredited US
Awarded to Allison Matzelle, student of Dr. Brian
Helmuth, and Tanya Rogers, student of Dr. David
Honorable Mention to Amanda Dwyer, student of
Dr. Mark Patterson, and Robert Murphy, student
of Dr. Jonathan Grabowski
Second year PhD student Allison Matzelle
NSERC Postgraduate Scholarship
Provides financial support to high caliber Canadian scholars who are engaged in a doctors program in
the natural sciences or engineering.
Awarded to Robyn Zerebecki, student of Dr. Randall Hughes
Graduate Women in Science Nell Mondy Fellowship
The SDE/GWIS National Fellowships Program offers fellowships to help increase knowledge in the
fundamental sciences and to encourage research careers in the sciences by women. Marissa McMahan
was awarded $9,488 for her project titled, “Ecological implications of a northern range expansion of
black sea bass, Centropristis striata.”
Awarded to Marissa McMahan, student of Dr. Jonathan Grabowski
Crowdsourced funding through Experiment.com
Sarah Gignoux-Wolfsohn, student of Dr. Steven Vollmer, together with Felicia Aronson, Northeastern
undergraduate, raised $5,796 for their project “What is killing Caribbean corals? Investigating a
devastating coral disease.” Marissa McMahan, student of Dr. Jonathan Grabowski, raised $6,926 for
her project titled, “New fish on the block: Ecological implications of black sea bass in the Gulf of Maine.”
American Academy of Underwater Science Kathy Johnston Scholarship
AAUS awards competitive scholarships to graduate students engaged in, or planning to begin, a
research project in which diving is used as an important research tool or the research topic is diving
science. Kathy Johnston Scholarship awards $3,000 to a doctoral program student.
Awarded to Marissa McMahan, student of Dr. Jonathan Grabowski
The Steven Berkeley Marine Conservation Fellowship, runner-up
The fellowship comprises a competitively based award to a graduate student actively engaged in thesis
research relevant to marine conservation. Award for runner up is $1,000.
Awarded to Marissa McMahan, student of Dr. Jonathan Grabowski
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 7
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Internal Awards
Dissertation Completion Fellowship, Northeastern Office of the Provost
Provides PhD candidates who are nearing completion of their dissertation the financial support to spend
their final semester writing.
Awarded to Daniel Blustein, student of Dr. Joseph Ayers
Outstanding Graduate Student Award for Teaching, Northeastern Graduate Student
Government and Office of the Provost
Honors exceptional students for their significant contributions and accomplishments in teaching,
research, community service, and experiential learning. The awards were established to confer honor
upon individuals, who, by their contributions to their field and the community, have brought recognition to
themselves and the University.
Awarded to Chris Baillie, student of Dr. Jonathan Grabowski
Marine Science Center Travel Awards
The Marine Science Center awarded $300 for conference travel to the following students:
Kylla Benes, Benthic Ecology Meeting
Daniel Blustein, Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting
Nick Colvard, Gordon Research Conference: Ocean Global Climate Change
Jennifer Elliott, Benthic Ecology Meeting
Sarah Gignoux-Wolfsohn, Ecological Society of America Meeting
Silvia Libro, Benthic Ecology Meeting
Allison Matzelle, Gordon Research Conference: Ocean Global Climate Change
Lara McGrath, Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting
Marissa McMahan, International Conference and Workshop on Lobster Biology and Management
Robert Murphy, American Fisheries Society Meeting
Christine Ramsay, Benthic Ecology Meeting
Tanya Rogers, Benthic Ecology Meeting
Sarah Salois, Ecological Society of America Meeting
Lin Zhu, Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting
Marissa McMahan, Ecology, Evolution,
and Marine Biology PhD ‘17
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 8
4/16/15 10:50 AM
These are two views of shore­lines in Mobile Bay in Alabama. At left, a nat­ural shore­line is seen, and at right,
a man-​​made ver­tical wall is seen. Photos taken by Steven Scyphers.
Angela Herring, [email protected]
If you looked up and down the coast of Alabama’s Mobile Bay a half-​​century ago, you would have seen
that roughly 90 per­cent of its shores were lined with fringing salt marshes and other nat­ural coastal habi­
tats. But today, more than 70 per­cent of the res­i­den­tial shore­line has been rein­forced with ver­tical walls,
erected by home­owners in indi­vidual attempts to stave off ero­sion or, in some cases, as a con­ve­nient place
to dock one’s boat.
Nat­ural habi­tats are known to pro­vide a range of “ecosystem ser­vices” that ben­efit not only the marine
species that live there, but also their human neigh­bors. For instance, oys­ters and other inter­tidal mol­lusks
filter the water of organic waste runoff and also rep­re­sent a valu­able food source. Steven Scyphers, a post-​​
doctoral research fellow in marine and envi­ron­mental sci­ences asso­ciate pro­fessor Jon Grabowski’s lab
at Northeastern’s Marine Sci­ence Center, said that one of the major prob­lems with man-​​made shore­line
struc­tures is that they often damage these nat­ural habi­tats and don’t pro­vide the same benefits.
Fur­ther­more, he said, they’re expen­sive. “People think ver­tical walls are less expen­sive than reg­ular main­
te­nance of a nat­ural shore­line, but it’s actu­ally two times as costly,” he explained.
In a paper pub­lished on June 13, 2014 in the journal Con­ser­va­tion Let­ters, Scyphers and his col­leagues at
the Uni­ver­sity of South Alabama and the Dauphin Island Sea Lab present research exam­ining the values
and decision-​​making processes of water­front home­owners. The goal of the research, he said, is to iden­tify
con­ser­va­tion strate­gies that are most likely to suc­ceed given the need for stake­holder buy-​​in.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 9
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Scyphers is inter­ested in how home­owners manage their shore­lines, because this is where indi­vidual
changes are hap­pening quickly and con­sis­tently. “It’s not just one large-​​scale con­ser­va­tion project—it’s
hun­dreds of thou­sands of little ones,” he said.
The researchers used a 40-​​question written survey devel­oped in con­junc­tion with coastal sci­en­tists, prac­
ti­tioners, and water­front home­owners to develop a better under­standing of the per­cep­tions and expe­ri­
ences of nearly 400 home­owners on Mobile Bay.
An analysis of the feed­back revealed two impor­tant dis­cov­eries: First, there was a lot of mis­in­for­ma­tion
regarding the envi­ron­mental impacts and cost-​​effectiveness of var­ious shore­line solutions—not only ver­
tical walls, but also things like rocks and simply leaving the nat­ural shore intact. Second, home­owners
were much more likely to add a ver­tical wall to their own prop­erty as a response to damage done by a
neighbor’s wall.
“The deci­sion of one neighbor to build a ver­tical wall can cas­cade down the shore­line,” Scyphers said. He
noted that the most common form of shore­line intervention—vertical walls—is also the most dam­aging
because for more than half a cen­tury, con­ser­va­tion poli­cies have favored this kind of infrastructure.
The study’s results give Scyphers and his team valu­able data for informing future policy mea­sures. The
cas­cading phe­nom­enon, Scyphers said,
gests that per­
haps the most impor­
tant places to pro­
tect are long, existing
stretches of unde­vel­oped shore­line. Con­
ser­va­tion efforts, he noted, should focus
on restoring habi­tats in the most degraded
areas as best as pos­sible, but policy should
focus on pro­moting better deci­sions among
home­owners. That latter effort will require
working col­lab­o­ra­tively with home­owners to
under­stand and develop the best solu­tions
that ben­efit them and coastal ecosys­tems,
according to Scyphers, whose research is
also focused on living shorelines.
tions range from man-​​
made oyster
reefs to salt marshes, which reduce ero­
sion by absorbing wave impacts without
the neg­a­tive effects brought on by sea­
walls. Fur­ther­more, these so-​​called “green”
or “nature-​​based” approaches actu­ally
pro­mote habitat for the local ecosys­tems
rather than degrading it.
Steven Scyphers, a post-​​doctoral research
fellow in marine and envi­ron­mental sci­ences at
Northeastern’s Marine Sci­ence Center.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 10
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Ayers, J. Utilizing Synthetic Biology to Create Programmable Micro-bio-robots, Boston University/Office
of Naval Research, 2011-2016, $264,578
Distel, D. Diverse Drug Lead Compounds from Bacterial Symbionts in Philippine Mollusks, Oregon Health
and Science University/National Institutes of Health, 2014-2019, $110,570
Distel, D. Lignocellulose Degradation by Shipworms and their Bacterial Symbionts, National Science
Foundation, 2014, $47,232
Distel, D. Identity, Function, and Transport of Lignocellulose-Active Enzymes in Wood-eating (xylotrophic)
Bivalves (shipworms), National Science Foundation, 2014-2016, $591,000
Fernandez, L. Non-equilibrium Passive Sampling for Quantitative Thermodynamic Exposure Assessment
(Q-TEA), US Army Environmental Laboratory/Army Corps of Engineers, 2014-2017, $45,000
Grabowski, J., M. Ruth, & S. Scyphers. Social and Ecological Factors
Influencing Shoreline Hardening in the Northeast: Implications for
Vulnerability, Resilience and Informed Decision Making, Woods
Hole Oceanographic Institute/National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration, 2014-2016, $87,500
Grabowski, J. Archival Tagging and Age Validation in the Mid Atlantic,
University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth/National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration, 2014-2016, $92,543
The Marine Science
Center received over
$3M in federal and nonfederal funding in 2014.
Hughes, A.R. Functional Consequences of Invasion-mediated Biodiversity Changes in a Marine
Ecosystem, Massachusetts Institute of Technology/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,
2014-2015, $75,000
Dy, J., T. Gouhier, A. Ding, & A. Ganguly. CyberSEES: Type 2: SEA-MASCOT: Spatio-temporal Extremes
and Associations: Marine Adaptation and Survivorship under Climate Change and Rising Ocean
Temperatures, National Science Foundation, 2014-2018, $1,199,617
Grabowski, J. The Trophic Ecology of Restored Oyster Reefs in Southern RI, The Nature Conservancy,
2014-2015, $24,032
Grabowski, J. & T. Gouhier. Mapping and Modeling Demersal Fish Habitat Suitability and Productivity in
the Gulf of Maine, The Nature Conservancy, 2014-2016, $165,000
Grabowski, J. RI TNC/DEM Habitat Enhancement Project, The Nature Conservancy, 2014-2018,
Grabowski, J. & S. Scyphers. Assessing Social Impacts in Groundfish Fishing Communities, National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2014-2016, $236,785
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 11
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Hughes, A. R., J. Grabowski, & G. C. Trussell. The Effect of Lyngbya majuscula on Bay Scallop and
Eelgrass Ecology at Nantucket, Nantucket Land Council, 2014, $24,903
Kimbro, D. Florida’s Imperiled Apalachicola Oysters: Paired Experimentation, Monitoring, and Modeling
to Understand Collapse of Oyster Reefs and to Promote Recovery, State of Florida, 2014-2016,
McCauley, C. From School to Sea: Linking Middle School Students in Lynn to the Sea Next Door, The
Lincoln and Therese Filene Foundation, 2012-2015, $10,000
Ries, J. MRI: Acquisition of a Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (LA-ICPMS) for Research in the Marine, Earth and Environmental Sciences, National Science Foundation, 20142018, $500,000
Ries, J. Collaborative Research: A Combined Boron Isotope, pH Microelectrode and pH-sensitive Dye
Approach to Constraining Acid/Base Chemistry in the Calcifying Fluids of Corals, National Science
Foundation, 2014-2017, $369,414
Ries, J. & J. Grabowski. Investigating the effects of ocean acidification and warming on the shell
properties and meat weights of NW Atlantic sea scallops via paired field surveys and laboratory
experiments, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, $430,186
Prof. Randall Hughes gives Congresswoman
Katherine Clark and Congressman John Tierney
an in-depth look at the greenhouse during a
tour of the Marine Science Center.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 12
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Beighley, E., A. R. Hughes, & D. Kimbro. Effects of Continental-Scale Variation in Freshwater Input on
Coastal Ecosystem Services. Northeastern University Office of the Provost, 2014-2015, $49,971
Patterson, M. R. & B. Helmuth, Autonomous Sensors and Smart Analytics for Wetlands in Urban Areas.
Northeastern University Office of the Provost, 2014-2015, $50,000
PhD student Tanya Rogers, left, and David
Kimbro, Assistant Professor of Marine and
Environmental Sciences, examine a predation
experiment at the Marine Science Center in
Nahant, MA.
Professor Mark Patterson speaks to attendees
about “Fetch” during the Future of Robotics
Summit held at Microsoft NERD.
Brian Helmuth, Professor of Marine and
Environmental Sciences and Public Policy, at
the Marine Science Center in Nahant, MA.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 13
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Angela Herring, [email protected]
Nine miles off the coast of Key Largo, Fla., and 63 feet beneath the waves, lies the world’s only underwater
research lab: Aquarius. “There’s no place like it on earth,” said Mark Patterson, professor of marine and
environmental science and civil and environmental engineering, who has visited and lived within the
“habitat” 10 times.
Sponges and corals decorate the exterior and a 700‐pound grouper has taken up residence underneath.
Inside, it’s a veritable underwater apartment complex complete with kitchen, sleeping quarters, and Wi­‐Fi.
“It’s like a miniature city immersed in the environment,” said Brian Helmuth, a professor of marine and
environmental science and public policy.
Operated by Florida International University, the habitat was home to a team of aquanauts from June
1 through July 2, 2014 for a 31-day expedition, aptly named Mission 31. Fabien Cousteau, grandson
of Jacques-Yves Cousteau, the famed ocean explorer and creator of the first ocean floor habitats for
humans, led the mission in honor of the 50th anniversary of his grandfather’s Conshelf Two mission.
“The overarching theme for Mission 31 is the human-ocean connection within the lens of exploration and
discovery,” Cousteau said.
Northeastern’s Marine Science Center took the lead as scientific partner during the second half of the
mission, when Liz Magee, Program Coordinator for the Three Seas Program, spent two weeks submersed.
The expedition aligned with Northeastern’s focus on solving global challenges in sustainability, one of the
university’s core research themes.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 14
4/16/15 10:50 AM
As part of Mission 31, Marine Science Center researchers pursued four main research projects all centered
on the theme of coral reef ecology in the context of global change, including coral response to stress,
collection of tissue samples from 14 sponge species for the Ocean Genome Legacy, energy flow through
barrel sponges, and zooplankton populations in the water column within 24 hour periods. Magee was
underwater with Aquarius for two full weeks, while the rest of the Northeastern team, which included
Patterson, Helmuth, research technicians Francis Choi and Sara Williams, and graduate students Nick
Colvard, Amanda Dwyer, Allison Matzelle, and Jess Torossian stationed “topside” conducted shorter‐term
dives throughout that same period. The divers and aquanauts closely collaborated to maximize the data
collected in two weeks.
Estimates indicate it would have taken up to two years of surface diving to collect the amount of data
the team collected during the mission’s two weeks. Since the mission, the team has worked tirelessly
to analyze the data collected. Mission 31’s message of the human-ocean connection and conservation
has reached over 400 million people across the globe. Each member of Northeastern’s Mission 31 team
continues to share this message at outreach events and speaking engagements.
Northeastern’s Mission 31 team topside.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 15
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Faculty in bold, * denotes graduate students, † denotes postdocs
Altamia, M. A., N. Wood, J. M. Fung, S. Dedrick, E. W. Linton, G. P. Concepcion, M. G. Haygood, &
D. L. Distel. (2014). “Genetic differentiation among isolates of Teredinibacter turnerae, a widely occurring
intracellular endosymbiont of shipworms.” Molecular Ecology 23(6): 1418-1432.
Bracken, M. E., R. E. Dolecal, & J. D. Long. (2014). “Community context mediates the top-down versus
bottom-up effects of grazers on rocky shores.” Ecology 95: 1458-1463.
Bryson, E. S., G. C. Trussell, & P. J. Ewanchuk. (2014). “Broad-scale geographic variation in the
organization of rocky intertidal communities in the Gulf of Maine.” Ecological Monographs 84: 79-597.
Byers, J. E., T. L. Rogers*, J. H. Grabowski, A. R. Hughes, M. F. Piehler, & D. L. Kimbro. (2014).
“Experimental evidence for environmentally mediated infection of oysters at biogeographic scale.”
Oecologia 174: 731-738.
Castillo, K. D., J. B. Ries, J. F. Bruno, & I. T. Westfield. (2014). “The reef-building coral Siderastrea
siderea exhibits parabolic responses to ocean acidification and warming.” Proceedings of the Royal
Society B: Biological Sciences 282: 1802.
Chu, N. D., S. T. Kaluziak*, G. C. Trussell, & S. V. Vollmer. (2014). “Phylogenomic analyses reveal
latitudinal population structure and polymorphisms in heat stress genes in the North Atlantic snail Nucella
lapillus.” Molecular Ecology 23(7): 1863-1873.
Chu, N. D., L. P. Miller, S. T. Kaluziak*, G. C. Trussell, & S. V. Vollmer. (2014). “Thermal stress and
predation risk trigger distinct transcriptomic responses in the intertidal snail Nucella lapillus.” Molecular
Ecology 23(24): 6104-6113.
Colvard, N. B*., E. Carrington, & B. Helmuth. (2014). “Temperature-dependent photosynthesis in the
intertidal alga Fucus gardneri and sensitivity to ongoing climate change.” Journal of Experimental
Marine Biology and Ecology 458: 6-12.
Cuellar, J., H. Yébenes, S. K. Parker, G. Carranza, M. Serna, J. M. Valpuesta, J. C. Zabala, & H. W.
Detrich. (2014). “Assisted protein folding at low temperature: evolutionary adaptation of the Antarctic
fish chaperonin CCT and its client proteins.” Biology Open 3: 261-270.
Gouhier, T. C. & F. Guichard. (2014). “Synchrony: quantifying variability in space and time.” Methods in
Ecology and Evolution 5(6): 524-533.
Grabowski, J. H., M. Bachman, C. Demarest, S. Eayrs, B. P. Harris, V. Malkoski, D. Packer, & D.
Stevenson. (2014). “Assessing the Vulnerability of Marine Benthos to Fishing Gear Impacts.” Reviews in
Fisheries Science & Aquaculture: 142-155.
Guichard, F. & T. C. Gouhier. (2014). “Non-equilibrium spatial dynamics of ecosystems.” Mathematical
Biosciences 255: 1-10.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 16
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Helmuth, B., B. D. Russell, S. D. Connell, Y. Dong, C. D. Harley, F. P. Lima, G. Sará, G. A. Williams, &
N. Mieszkowska. (2014). “Beyond long-term averages: Making biological sense of a rapidly changing
world.” Climate Change Responses 1(1): 6.
Hemond, E. M.*, S. T. Kaluziak*, & S. V. Vollmer. (2014). “The genetics of colony form and function in
Caribbean Acropora corals.” BMC Genomics 15(1): 1133.
Hughes, A. R. (2014). “Genotypic diversity and trait variance interact to affect marsh plant
performance.” Journal of Ecology 102: 651-658.
Hughes, A. R., P. E. Griffen, D. L. Kimbro, & M. J. Bishop. (2014). “Additive and site-specific effects
of two foundation species on invertebrate community structure.” Marine Ecology Progress Series 508:
Hughes, A. R. & K. E. Lotterhos. (2014). “Genotypic diversity at multiple spatial scales in the foundation
marsh species, Spartina alterniflora.” Marine Ecology Progress Series 497: 105-117.
Hughes, A. R., D. A. Mann, & D. L. Kimbro. (2014). “Predatory fish sounds can alter crab foraging
behaviour and influence bivalve abundance.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Johnson, K. D., J. H. Grabowski, & D. L. Smee. (2014). “Omnivory dampens trophic cascades in
speciose communities.” Marine Ecology Progress Series 507: 197-206.
Kimbro, D. L., J. E. Byers, J. H. Grabowski, A. R. Hughes, & M. F. Piehler. (2014). “The biogeography
of trophic cascades on US oyster reefs.” Ecology Letters 17(7): 845-854.
Lewis, L.* & J. Ayers. (2014). “Temperature preference and acclimation in the Jonah Crab, Cancer
borealis.” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 455: 7-13.
Low, N. N., A. Drouin, C. Marks*, & M. S. Bracken. (2014). “Invader traits and community context
contribute to the recent invasion success of the macroalga Heterosiphonia japonica on New England
rocky reefs.” Biological Invasions 17: 257-271.
Macreadie, P. I., D. L. Kimbro, V. Fourgerit, J. Leto, & A. R. Hughes. (2014). “Effects of Pinna clams on
benthic macrofauna and the possible implications of their removal from seagrass ecosystems.” Journal
of Molluscan Studies 80(1): 102-106.
s in
Matassa, C.* & G. C. Trussell. (2014). “Effects of predation risk across a latitudinal temperature
gradient.” Oecologia: 1-10.
Matassa, C. M.* & G. C. Trussell. (2014). “Prey state shapes the effects of temporal variation in
predation risk.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281: 2014952.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 17
4/16/15 10:50 AM
Matzelle, A.*, V. Montalto, G. Sarà, M. Zippay, & B. Helmuth. (2014). “Dynamic energy budget model
parameter estimation for the bivalve Mytilus californianus: Application of the covariation method.” Journal
of Sea Research 94: 105-110.
Miller, L. P., C. M. Matassa*, & G. C. Trussell. (2014). “Climate change enhances the negative effects of
predation risk on an intermediate consumer.” Global Change Biology 20(12): 3834–3844.
Mislan, K. A. S., B. Helmuth, & D. S. Wethey. (2014). “Geographical variation in climatic sensitivity of
intertidal mussel zonation.” Global Ecology and Biogeography 23(7): 744-756.
Monaco, C. J., D.S. Wethey, & B. Helmuth. (2014). “A dynamic energy budget (DEB) model for the
keystone predator Pisaster ochraceus.” PLoS ONE, 9(8): 1-19.
Montalto, V., G. Sarà, P. M. Ruti, A. Dell’Aquila, & B. Helmuth. (2014). “Testing the effects of temporal
data resolution on predictions of the effects of climate change on bivalves.” Ecological Modelling 278:
Mukhopadhyay, S., C. Wang, M. Patterson, M. Malisoff, & F. Zhang. (2014). Collaborative autonomous
surveys in marine environments affected by oil spills. Pages 87-113 in Cooperative Robots and Sensor
Networks 2014 (Second Edition), (Editors, A. Koubaa and A. Khelil), Special edition in the Studies in
Computational Intelligence Springer Book Series, 554. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-55029-4_5 Justin Ries is an associate professor of marine and environmental
sciences and is based at the Marine Science Center in Nahant, MA, where
he researches biogeochemical oceanic change over long time periods.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 18
4/16/15 10:50 AM
O’Connor, R. M., J. M. Fung, K. H. Sharp, J. S. Benner, C. McClung, S. Cushing, E. R. Lamkin, A. I.
Fomenkov, B. Henrissat, Y. Y. Londer, M. B. Scholz, J. Posfai, S. Malfatti, S. G. Tringe, T. Woyke, R. R.
Malmstrom, D. Coleman-Derr, M. A. Altamia, S. Dedrick, S. T. Kaluziak*, M. G. Haygood, & D. L. Distel.
(2014). “Gill bacteria enable a novel digestive strategy in a wood-feeding mollusk.” Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences. doi:10.1073/pnas.1413110111
Perini, V. & M. E. Bracken. (2014). “Nitrogen availability limits phosphorus uptake in an intertidal
macroalga.” Oecologia 175(2): 667-676.
Petes, L. E., J. F. Howard, B. S. Helmuth, & E. K. Fly. (2014). “Science integration into US climate and
ocean policy.” Nature Climate Change 4(8): 671-677.
Pillai, P.†, T. C. Gouhier. & S. V. Vollmer. (2014). “The cryptic role of biodiversity in the emergence of
host–microbial mutualisms.” Ecology Letters 17(11): 1437-1446.
Rodriguez, A. B., F. J. Fodrie, J. T. Ridge, N. L. Lindquist, E. J. Theuerkauf, S. E. Coleman, J. H.
Grabowski, M. C. Brodeur, R. K. Gittman, & D. A. Keller. (2014). “Oyster reefs can outpace sea-level
rise.” Nature Climate Change 4: 493-497.
Rosengaus, R. B., K. F. Schultheis, A. Yalonetskaya, M. S. Bulmer, W. S. DuComb, R. W. Benson,
J. P. Thottam, & V. Godoy-Carter. (2014). “Symbiont-derived beta-1,3-glucanases in a social insect:
mutualism beyond nutrition.” Frontiers in Microbiology 5(607).
Sará, G., M. Milanese, I. Prusina, A. Sará, D.L. Angel, B. Glamuzina, T. Nitzan, S. Freeman, A. Rinaldi,
V. Palmeri, V. Montalto, M. Lo Martire, P. Gianguzza, V. Arizza, S. Lo Brutto, M. De Pirro, B. Helmuth, J.
Murray, S. De Cantis, & G.A.Williams. (2014). “The impact of climate change on Mediterranean intertidal
communities: losses in coastal ecosystem integrity and services.” Regional Environmental Change
14(Suppl 1): S5-S17.
Schunter, C., S. V. Vollmer, E. Macpherson, & M. Pascual (2014). “Transcriptome analyses and
differential gene expression in a non-model fish species with alternative mating tactics.” BMC Genomics
15(1): 167.
Steve Vollmer at the Marine Science Center in Nahant.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 19
4/16/15 10:51 AM
Youth and Community Outreach
The Center’s Outreach Program served over
7,400 youth, PreK-12 educators, faculty,
students, and members of the wider community
in 2014, an increase of 11% over 2013. The
program aims to foster a sense of place among
program beneficiaries by connecting them to
natural resources in the local environment. The
program utilizes several MSC resources such as
its signature rocky intertidal field site on Canoe
Beach, classroom and storage space, and saltwater aquaria that house local marine organisms.
In delivering programs, it also leverages the
unique natural and historic resources of historic
East Point, as well as nearby salt marshes,
eelgrass beds, and sandy beaches.
Youth Programs
The Outreach Program works extensively with
youth in a number of ways. Programs take place
during school, after school, and in the summer.
Thousands of school children learn about intertidal ecology each year by taking
part in a field trip program on the MSC’s iconic rocky shore.
• Over 2,700 youth participated in 85 onsite rocky intertidal field trip programs at the MSC.
• Over 1,850 youth participated in 96 offsite classroom programs that focus on local marine resources.
• A total of 560 youth participating in both onsite and offsite programs were sixth grade students from Lynn
Public Schools beginning the “School to Sea” program, which introduces students to field study on the
rocky shore, sandy beach, and salt marsh.
•Led by an Americorps/Massachusetts
Promise Fellow, out-of-school time STEM
enrichment programs were delivered to over
150 girls through the Beach Sister program
with Girls Inc. of Lynn.
•The Coastal Ocean Science Academy
hosted 23 high schoolers in its 9th year of
operation, and 15 middle schoolers formed
the inaugural class offered at that level.
•The second annual North Shore High
School Marine Science Symposium engaged
almost 200 students and 14 presenters in
conversation and learning around marine
science study and careers.
•A new partnership with the Johnson
Elementary School and Nahant Education
Foundation is paving the way for all Nahant
PreK-6 students to engage in multiple marine
education programs each year.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 20
Outreach staff maintain touch tanks and other aquaria that
house local organisms used in traveling touch tank programs
as well as special events and field trips at the MSC.
4/16/15 10:51 AM
Middle sch
Girls Inc. o
ar by taking
ocky shore.
• Through collaboration with Friends of Lynn
and Nahant Beach, students from Harrington
and Brickett Elementary Schools are receiving
marine education programming in their schools.
Efforts are ongoing to support educators through
the provision of teaching resources and exposure
to our inquiry-based teaching strategies. Many
of these resources are available on the MSC
• The first edition of a Coastal Habitats
Curriculum was completed and is being piloted
by 8 sixth grade teachers in Lynn.
• Three videos were developed to prepare
students for field trips to the rocky shore, sandy
beach, and salt marsh.
• Twenty-two out-of-school-time educators
Middle schoolers engaged in the after-school Beach Sisters Program at
from program sites in Malden, Salem, and
Girls Inc. of Lynn enjoy a visit by the MSC traveling touch tanks.
development around inquiry-based teaching and learning, and each delivered “schoolyard ecology”
programs with the youth they serve.
• Two teachers and one administrator from Lynn Public Schools delivered a workshop session with MSC
outreach staff at the Massachusetts Association of Science Teachers conference.
• The Outreach Program offered professional development experiences to dozens of educators, including
attendees of the 2014 National Science Teachers Association conference.
Public and other Special Events
The MSC regularly opens its doors to the public to share its resources
and research widely via lectures, films, and an annual Open House.
• This year, over 500 people attended ten public lectures and films,
including the Annual Riser Lecture in the spring that celebrates the
Center’s founding director.
• The Annual Open House drew a record 917 people to the NUMSC
in October. Offerings included demonstrations, field studies,
interactive activities, and tours of the grounds and facilities.
• The MSC was represented at numerous community events such
as the Boston Public Schools Science Fair, Friends of Lynn and
Nahant Beach Kids Concert, and Swampscott’s Hadley School
Family Night.
College of Science Dean Murray Gibson
celebrates his commitment to the MSC at
the Annual Open House in October.
ia that
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 21
4/16/15 10:51 AM
Broader Impact Activities
MSC faculty, staff, and students participated in researchinspired activities that demonstrate broad impacts on
Many faculty members, research staff, and graduate
students presented their work to youth and adult audiences
through our regular public lecture series, Coastal Ocean
Science Academy, Beach Sisters Program, and with
visiting high school groups.
Persons from six MSC research labs presented on
their work at marine education events such as the annual
High School Marine Science Symposium, Boston Harbor
Educators Conference, and Ocean Literacy Summit.
Six high school interns undertook guided research
in four different labs at the MSC in 2014.
Sixth graders from Breed and Pickering Middle Schools in Lynn record
the elevation profile at a local beach as part of the “School to Sea”
program, which introduces students to local coastal habitats and the
methods scientists use to study them.
In addition to being featured in articles in the
Boston Globe, Wired, and CNET, MSC research and
other accomplishments were featured in over 30 [email protected] articles, as well as half a dozen
appearances in Northeastern Magazine. Additionally, the MSC itself issued another three dozen press
releases on its website and via social media.
• Mission 31, including Northeastern-led research, was widely covered in the global media, and it is estimated
that over 330 million people were exposed to the Mission, which was broadcast 24/7 over the Internet.
Northeastern’s contribution to the Mission was featured by media outlets such as Time Magazine, Popular
Science, National Geographic, Alert Diver, Men’s Journal, and more.
• “Likes” on the MSC’s Facebook page grew by 38%, and the MSC had a modest Twitter presence.
Achievements At-a-Glance
Total number of individuals engaged: 7,435
Youth attending onsite, field-based programs: 2,745
Youth reached through classroom visits: 1,816
Teachers/chaperones engaged: 510
Towns served by school programs: 25
Persons reached through onsite special events and lectures: 1,511
Public reached through offsite events: 1,020
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 22
4/16/15 10:51 AM
The 2015 Riser lecturer is Susan Williams, professor at UC Davis Bodega Marine Laboratory, whose
talk is titled, “Along the Spice Route: The Quest to Protect Indonesia’s Marine Biodiversity.” This lecture
marks 30 years since the first Riser Lecture and the retirement of Nathan “Doc” Riser, founding director
of the Marine Science Center. We thank those of you who were able to join us for last year’s heavily attended Riser lecture, “Ecosystem
Tipping Points, Chemical Ecology, and the Continuing Death Spiral of Coral Reefs,” by guest speaker
Dr. Mark Hay, Professor and Harry and Linda Teasley Chair, School of Biology, Georgia Institute of
Susan Williams, PhD
Mark Hay, PhD
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 23
4/16/15 10:51 AM
Dr. Nathan W. “Doc” Riser was a pioneer in establishing Northeastern’s marine science program and the
Nahant facility as a world-leading center for research and education. We believe he would be proud of
the major investment Northeastern has made, building Doc’s legacy and substantially growing the Marine
Science Center as the centerpiece of the university’s commitment to sustaining urban coastal environments.
In honor of Dr. Riser’s significant contributions to both his discipline and his students, the University is seeking
to further his legacy by establishing a special graduate student research fellowship in his name.
The Nathan W. Riser Memorial Fellowship seeks to offer greater numbers of graduate students the opportunity
to solve important questions in ecology, evolution, and marine biology, applying their research to issues of
relevance to society and the environment, especially in this era of global climate change.
Dr. Riser had a transformational impact on his students, and it is fitting to honor his legacy by providing
crucial financial support to future generations of marine biologists.
To endow the Nathan W. Riser Memorial Fellowship, Northeastern University needs to raise an additional
$320,000 toward the total goal of $500,000 by June 30, 2015.
A gift at any level to the Nathan W. Riser Memorial Fellowship honors an extraordinary teacher while supporting
critical research in the marine sciences. Please contact Lisa Pedulla at 617.373.8392 or [email protected]
with questions on making a contribution to the Nathan W. Riser Memorial Fellowship Endowed Fund.
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 24
4/16/15 10:51 AM
More than half of the world’s population lives by the coast, with a growing fraction in cities. Coastal cities
contribute to half of the global GDP, and two-thirds of the world’s megacities are located on a coast.
Unprecedented global change is placing the world’s oceans−and the functions, goods, and services that they
provide−in a precarious state. Ecological borders and coastal ecosystems are inherently complex because
they integrate the impacts of environmental change on land and in the sea, with important implications for
the benefits that the world’s oceans provide to humanity.
Northeastern University, recognizing the need to invest in the growth and impact of marine and coastal
research, has established the Urban Coastal Sustainability Initiative (UCSI). This interdisciplinary initiative
focuses on student education, innovative research, and knowledge creation to address the threats posed by
climate change and sea level rise, collapsing fisheries, the spread of invasive species, the loss of biodiversity,
coastal pollution, and port security. This interdisciplinary and transformative research and educational strategy
will yield solutions that promote increased sustainability in these globally coupled human-marine ecosystems.
Recruitment and retention of world-class faculty and graduate students is critically important as we assemble
a team of scientific leaders to address the global challenges related to urban coastal sustainability. The
Northeastern University Marine Science Center (MSC) is pleased to announce our partnership with The
Henry L. & Grace Doherty Foundation. Together, and with your help, we will establish the first endowed
professorship at the MSC.
Partner with Us to Meet the Challenge!
The Henry L. & Grace Doherty Foundation has generously awarded $1.5 million to the MSC and has challenged
us to raise matching funds to establish and endow a professorship for a senior-level marine scientist. A $3
million endowment is needed to fully fund this prestigious and important professorship. We invite
you to partner with us to meet the challenge.
Northeastern seeks investments that build upon three core strengths:
• A well-rounded and talented student body.
• A world-class research faculty.
• An ethos of fearless innovation in education and discovery.
Distinguished faculty members attract and inspire the best students, forge new routes to knowledge, and
elevate the academic rigor and reputation of a research university. Endowed professorships create a beneficial
ripple effect: esteemed faculty attract grant funding, draw brilliant graduate and undergraduate students, and
facilitate research collaborations with leading faculty from other institutions.
Investment in this chair will also yield the next generation of marine scientists—the people in whom we
will entrust the future of our precious marine environment for years to come. For more information, please
contact Patty Flint (617.373.7356, [email protected]).
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 25
4/16/15 10:51 AM
The Marine Science Center and the College of Science would like to thank those who have contributed
to our initiatives, labs, classrooms and, most importantly, our faculty and students. Much of the growing
and expanding we’ve done here at the Marine Science Center is because of our extended Marine Science
Center family!
$10,000 and over
George R. Riser
Charles K. Gifford
Leonard McNally
The New York Community Trust
The Lincoln and
Therese Filene Foundation
Philip Goelet
$5,000 and over
Janet L. and Stanley J. Burba
$1,000 and over
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation
David R. Brierley
Donald P. Cheney
Janet Fitzgerald
Patricia Flint
$500 and over
Paul J. DeFilippi
Jay Eisner
Friends of Lynn and
Nahant Beach
Adam S. Heffernan
Joseph J. Jankowski
Mirage Fishing, LLC
Miss Shauna, LLC
George Putnam
Kaitlyn C. Sanders
Geoffrey C. Trussell
$250 and over
Ian H. Gardiner
Jonathan H. Grabowski
Alan M. Kuzirian
Maddie’s Anglers Club
Mark and Vi Patek
Elisabeth A. Raleigh
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 26
4/16/15 10:51 AM
$100 and over
Charles W. and Elizabeth A. Adey
Wen-Tien and Yunyun Yeh Chen
Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund
Peter H. Hartline
Rebecca A. Kucera
Edward and Mary Ellen Maney
Kevin J. Meagher
Robert H. Morse
Nancy L. Perez
Bruce M. Poole
Fran P. and Robert S. Prezant
Katharine E. Riser
Keil A. Schmid
SP Inc
John P. Alcock
Babson Capital Management, LLC
Nathaniel A. Barker
Thomas Williams
Rachel Byer-Barker
Barbara L. Carlson
Rita Colwell
William Jack
Wayne Kerchner
Gregory A. Lewbart
$50 and over
George D. Buckley
Elaine M. Carlson
Alonzo J. Drummond
James F. Gaquin
Brian S. Helmuth
A. Randall Hughes
Karen T. Lee
Richard A. Reddy
Ernest Ruber
David L. and Hillary H. West
$25 and over
C. Lawrence and Polly L. Bradley
Gabrielle O. Dorr
Melinda L. Hull
Robert A. Pringle
Jon Witman
To learn about supporting the work of the Marine Science Center, please contact:
Helaine Silverman | 617.373.8654 | [email protected]
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 27
4/16/15 10:51 AM
Marine Science Center
430 Nahant Road
Nahant, MA 01908
[email protected]
FINAL 2014 MSC Annual Report.indd 28
4/16/15 10:51 AM
Fly UP