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(Abstract)
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
(Abstract)
M.A Islamic Studies (CUCSS) – in affiliated colleges– revised syllabus – I to IV –Semesters with
effect from 2011 admission (applicable to II to IV semester of 2010 admission also) implemented– approved - - orders issued.
_______________________________________________________________________________
GENERAL AND ACADEMIC BRANCH-IV B SECTION
No: GAIV/B1/6062/05
Dated, Calicut University. P.O., 18.11.2011
Read: 1. U.O No.GA IV/J1/1373/08 dated 23-07-2010.
2 U.O of even No.dated 17-09-2010 and 06.01.2011
3 Minutes of the meeting of the Board of Studies in Islamic Studies held on
20.06.2011 (item No.1)
4 Orders of theVice-Chancellor in the file of even no. dated 08/08/2011.
5 Letter dated 05.09.2011 from the Chairman Board of Studies in Islamic Studies
6 Orders of the Registrar in file of even No dated 18.11.2011.
ORDER
Vide paper read 1st above, Calicut University Credit Semester System has been introduced
at PG level in affiliated colleges of Calicut University with effect from 2010 admission onwards.
Vide U.O read 2nd above, the Ist semester syllabus and II to IV Semester of M.A Islamic
Studies (CUCSS) in affiliated colleges, was implemented with effect from 2010 admission, subject
to ratification by Academic Council.
Vide paper read 3rd the Board of Studies in Islamic Studies resolved to revise and approve
the syllabus of the Ist semester of MA Islamic Studies with effect from 2011 admission.
The Vice Chancellor after having considered the matter and in view of urgency has
approved Item No. 1 of the minutes of the meeting of the Board of Studies in Islamic Studies held
on 20.06.2011 subject to ratification by Academic Council.
The Chairman vide paper read fifth has further clarified that the syllabus of II to IV
semesters of MA Islamic Studies will be applicable for 2010 admission also.
The Registrar vide paper read sixth above has approved the clarifications forwarded by the
Chairman, Board of Studies in Islamic Studies on 05.09.2011.
Sanction has therefore been accorded for implementing the revised syllabus of M.A Islamic
Studies CUCSS in affiliated colleges, with effect from 2011 admission, subject to ratification by
Academic Council. The syllabus of II to IV MA Islamic Studies will be applicable for 2010
admission also.
Orders are issued accordingly. The syllabus is uploaded in the University Website
www.universityofcalicut.info.
Sd/ASSISTANT REGISTRAR (G&AIV)
For REGISTRAR
To,
The Principals of all colleges offering M.A Islamic Studies.
Copy to:- PA to CE/Ex/EG/DR-AR PG Sn./PG Tabulation Sn/Library/System Administrator with a
request to upload the syllabus/GA I ‘F’ Sn/SF/DF/FC.
Forwarded/By Order
2
M A DEGREE IN ISLAMIC STUDIES
SCHEME AND REGULATIONS
Under Credit Semester system for P G Curriculum 2011 for Affiliated
Colleges.
Name of the course: MA DEGREE IN ISLAMIC STUDIES
This is the detailed syllabus for the revised MA Degree in ISLAMIC STUDIES.
This semesterised post graduate programme in Islamic studies has been modified
according to the need of the fast changing world.
One of the unique features of this course designed for various levels of study is
the special thrust on the need to create considerable efficiency in the history of islam
and its importance.
With the completion of this course the students will become well versed in
islamic studies and will get a good command in it. The syllabi cover the prominance
of islamic culture and civilization and a thorough knowledge of the personalities
engaged from the pre- islamic period of ignorance to the the modern age.
This prgramme is indented to expose the students to new horizons of knowledge
that a student of islamic studies should know, the need and significance of islamic
studies in the modern world.
ELIGIBILITY OF ADMISSION.
As per the University rules and regulations regarding P.G Admission.
DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME
4 Semesters in 2year, with 2 semesters in each year. Each semester will have 90
instructional days with 5 hours of instructions each day under five day week system,
ie 450 hours of instruction per semester.
Semester: end examination will be held outside the 90 regular instructional days.
OUTLINE OF COURSES (PAPERS) AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION
4 Courses (papers) in each semester.
Total number of courses 16 (4x4)
4 Credits for each course
Besides these courses, there will be one Dissertation / Project during the entire course
3
S No
Code
Course
Compon
ent
1
IS 1
C 01
Core
Course
2
IS1 C
02
IS1 C
03
Core
Course
Core
Course
IS 1
C 04
Core
Course
3
4
Name of Course
Cr
edi
ts
Exam
Internal
Extern
al
Exam
Duration
4
25 %
75%
3 Hours
IS IC02 LIFE AND
1
TIMES OF THE
PIOUS CALIPHS.
IS IC03- THE FOUNDATION
1
OF ISLAMIC CULTURE
4
25 %
75%
3 Hours
4
25 %
75%
3 Hours
1
IS IC04- THE UMAYYAHS
OF DAMASCUS AND SPAIN
4
25 %
75%
3 Hours
IS 1C01 LIFE AND
TIMES OF THE
HOLY PROPHET
Seme Instr
ster
u..
Hour
s
1
SCHEME OF EVALUATION
Evaluation of all the semester papers will be done in 2 parts, viz, Continuous
Internal Assessment and External Evaluation 25% marks will be set apart for
Continuous Internal Assessment and 75% marks for External Evaluation.
The entire course (4semesters) will have a grading system.
Continuous Internal Evaluation
25% marks for Continuous Internal Evaluation will be distributed as follows
Attendance 5marks
Assignment (1) 6marks
Test paper (2) 8marks (not less than 2)
Seminar (1) 6 marks (presentation of paper) Total 25 marks
Attendance Marks
Below 75% Nil
Between 75% and 79% 2marks
Between 80%and 89% 3marks
Between 90% and 100% 4marks
Attendance shall be marked in every class and consolidated at the college office at
the end of every semester.
Assignment: One assignment for each paper
Test paper : A minimum of two tests for each paper of which the best performance
will be counted for internal evaluation in each semester.
Seminar : One seminar for each paper ; marks to be awarded on the basis of the script
(3marks) and presentation (2marks)
Seminar is Compulsory
The assignment / seminars/ test papers will be held at regular intervals to be notified
in advance by each Institution. These will be marked and returned to the students
4
week before the completion of the classes for that particular semester under
the seal and signature of the head of the Institution and the co-ordinator for internal
evaluation.
External Evaluation
Theory papers
There will be double valuation for the semester end papers. The average of two
valuation will be taken for awarding the score except where there is a variation of
more than 10% between the two valuations.
In such cases a third valuation will be held and the average of the score in the
third valuation and the score nearest to it in the to earlier evaluations will be taken for
calculating the final score. There will be no further revaluation.
Project report/ Dissertation
The project reports/ dissertation will be valued by two teachers on the Viva board
for 80 marks. In case there is a variation of more than 10% a third valuation as
mentioned above will be resorted to.
Distribution of 100 marks allotted for dissertation will be as follows:
Methodology/ Tools 10marks
Content 40 marks
Presentation 20 marks
Answering question (Viva) based on dissertation 20marks
Originality 10 marks
Total 100 marks
Final Comprehensive Viva-voce
Viva-voce will be conducted in the forth semester A team consisting external and
internal examiners will hold the same for 50 marks covering topics in the four
semesters.
Time Schedule for valuation of Semester papers and publication of results.
The valuation of answer scripts and distribution of mark lists for each semester will
be done within two months from the completion of the semester examinations.
Pass requirements
The pass minimum for each paper will be 40% with separate minimum of 40 %
for external evaluation. There will be no separate minimum for internal evaluation
and no provision for improvement.
Classification of Results
5
3.8 to 4 = A+
3.5 to 3.79 = A
3 to 3.49 = B+
2.5 to 2.99 = B
2.2 to 2.49= C+
1.5 to 2.19= C
Below 1.5 = D
Promotion to higher semester
Only a student who has minimum required attendance (75%)(or whose shortage has
been condoned by the University for good and sufficient reasons and register for the
semester examinations) will be eligible for promotion to higher semester.
Students who fail to secure minimum attendance/ condonation by the University
may be given one more chance to repeat semester along with the subsequent batch of
students after obtaining re admission.
Supplementary Examination for failed candidates
Candidates who have failed in the semester examination , can appear for the failed
papers of a particular semester along with the regular students . Two such
supplementary chance ( consecutively ) will be given in each semester.
Sl
No. Code
Course
Title of Paper
Semester Credit
1 ISIC01
Core Course Life and Times of Holy Prophet
1
4
2 IS1C02
Core Course Life and Times of Pious Caliphs
1
4
3 IS1C03
Core Course The Foundation of Islamic Culture
1
4
4 IS1C04
Core Course The Umayyads of Damascus
1
4
5 IS2C05
Core Course The Abbasid Caliphate
2
4
6 IS2C06
Core Course Islam in Europe-Spain and Sicily
2
4
7 IS2C07
Core Course The trends of Sectarianism
2
4
8 IS2C08
Core Course Intellectual Revolution in the Middle Ages
2
4
6
11 IS3C11
Core Course The Ottomans as World Power
3
4
12 IS3E01
Elective
The Revivalist Movement in Islam
3
4
13 IS3E02
Elective
Islamic Economics
3
4
14 IS3E03
Elective
Muslims and Indian Freedom Struggle
3
4
15 IS4C12
Core Course Islamic Revivalist movement in India
4
4
16 IS4C13
Core Course The Arab World After I World War
4
4
17 IS4C14
Core Course Islam in Modern World
4
4
18 IS4E01
Elective
Muslim World in Modern Times
4
4
19 IS4E02
Elective
Islamic Political Thought
4
4
20 IS4E03
Elective
Muslim Historiography
4
4
M A Degree In Islamic studies
Under Credit Semester system for P G Curriculum 2010 for Affiliated
Colleges.
Detailed Syllabi
First Semester
IS 1C01 LIFE AND TIMES OF THE HOLY PROPHET
UNIT I
Credit 1
Arabia, the Cradle of Semites- The nomads- Asabiyah- The North Arabs and South ArabsThe Jahiliyya days- Ayyamul Arab- The Basus War-Poetry- Religious and Social conditionsMacca- Ka’ba- Allah- Geo-political status- The War of Elephant
UNIT 2
Credit 1
The Advent of Prophet Muhammed, Ancestry, Harb al Fijar and Hilf al Fudal,
Reconstruction of Ka’ba, The Message and the Mission, Propagation, Birth of Muslim
community(Ummah), Migration to Abyssinia, Social Boycott of Banu Hashim, Year of
Sadness, Visit to Taif, Ascension(Mi’raaj),The Pledges of Aqabah -Emigration to
Madina(Hijrah
7
Prophet’s work at Madinah, The Ansar and
Muhajirin, Masjid al Quba and Masjidul
Nabawi, The Madina Charter, Change of Qiblah, Battle of Badr and Uhd- Expulsion of Banu
Qaynuqah- Punishment of Banu Nadhir, Battle of Khandak- The fall of Banu Qurayzah.
UNIT 4
Credit 1
Treaty of Hudaybiyah, Invitation to neighbouring states, The Battle of Khaybar, The Battle
of Mu’ta, The fall of Makkah, Hunyan, Taif and the Tabuk Expedition- The death of
Prophet- Prophet as a ruler, -His reforms
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1. Ali, S Ameer (1953) The Spirit of Islam, London
2. Ali, S. Ameer(1971) A short History of the Saracens, Cambridge
3. Ali, S. Ameer(1990) Early Islam, Edinburg
4. Cambridge History of Islam(1970) Cambridge
5. Encyclopeadia of Islam (cambridge)
6. Encyclopedia Britanica(latest edition), Leiden
7. Gibb, HAR (1962) studies on the civilization of Islam, London
8. Gibbon, E (1886) Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
9. Hameedullah (1974) Mohammed Rasoolullah. Hyderabad
10. Hell, J (1962) The Arab Civilization, London
11. Nadwi, Abul Hassan Ali (1987) Islam and the world, Karachi
12. Lewis, Bernad (1985) The Arabs in History
13. Sardar, Ziauddin (1978) Muhammed: Aspects of HisBiography
14. Hitti, Philip K (1970) History of the Arabs, Mac Millan, London
15. Imamuddin S.M (1961) A political History of muslim spaon, Dacca
16. Irwing, W(n,d) Conqust of Granada and Spain
17. Lane Poole, Staneley (1953) The moors in spain, Lahore
18. Lewis, Bernard (1985) The Arabs in History, London
19. Miranda, AH(n.d) The Iberian peninsula and Sicily
20. Nadwi, Riyasat Ali (1950) Tarikh-i-and Andulus, Azamgarh
21. Nadwi, SMA (1948) Tarikh –i-islam, Azamgarh
22. Saunders JJ (1965) A History of Medieval Islam, London
23. Shaban, MA (1971) Islamic History AD 600- 750: A new Interpretation
Cambridge
24. Some aspects of the socio-economic and cultural History of Muslim Spain 1965), Leiden
25. The Cambridge History of Islam, Cambridge
26. Watt, WM(1967) A History of Islamic Spain (Edinburgh)
8
IS IC02 LIFE AND TIMES OF THE PIOUS CALIPHS.
UNIT 1
Credit 1
Khilafat as an Islamic Political Institution- Khalifah: His qualifications, Rights, Duties, Functions
and previlages- Condition of Islamic State and society at the Departure of the Holy Prophet- The
question of succession/caliphal issue- ABU BAKR, the Pioneer- His Election and AccessionProblems and challenges- Assessment of Religious, Social, Political, Administrative and Military
Achievements.
UNIT 2
Credit 1
UMAR, the Architect and Master Builder- His expansion- Consolidation and organization of
the State- War with Byzantium and Persia- Institutionalization of Amir-al-Mu’minin,
Shura- Diwan, Baytul Mal, Census, Hijra Calendar, Military Boards- His Martyrdom and
Last Days, The model administrator
,
UNIT 3
Credit 1
UTHMAN, the Benefactor and Patience Bearer- Election, Administration, and Socioterritorial expansion- Navy, Army- Ibn Sabae- His Fitna- The Allegations against UthmanMotives- Violence in Madina- Assasination
UNIT 4
Credit 1
ALI- His Election- The question of Vengeance of Hadrat Uthman’s Blood- Change of CapitalBattle of Jamal and Siffin- Kharijits, Battle of Nahrwan- Assassination of Ali
9
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Abu Yusuf, Yaqub b. Ibrabim (1352 A.H) Kitab-al-Kharaj, Bulaq, Cairo
Al-Baladhuri (1958) Futuhal-Buldan, Beriut
Al-Baladhuri (1959) Ansab-al-Ashraf, Cairo
Al-Masudi(1894) Al Tanbih-wal- Ishraf Leiden
Al-Masudi(1927) Muruj-al-Dhahab wa Ma’adin al Jawhar, Cairo
14
6. Al-Mawaridi(1960) Kitabul Ahkamul Sulthania, Cairo
7. Al-Tabari, (1961) Ta’rikh al Rasool wal Muluk, Cairo
8. Ali, S. Ameer (1953) The spirit of Islam, London
9. Ali, S. Ameer (1971) A short History of the Saracens, Cambridge
10. Arnold, T.W (1958) The preaching of Islam, Lahore
11. Arnold, T.W (1965) The Caliphate, Oxford
12. Baksh, S. Khudah (1920) Orient under the Caliphs, Calcutta
13. Baksh, S. Khudah (1930) Islamic Civilization, Calcutta
14. Baksh, S. Khudah (1937) Renaissance of Islam, Patna
15. Cambridge History of Islam (1970) Cambridge
16. Cambridge Medieval History (n.d) Cambridge
17. Encyclopedia of Islam (Latest Edition)
18. Encyclopedia of Britanica (Latest Edition) New York
19.Hussaini, S.A Q (1957) Arab Administration , Lahore
20.Ibn Athir (1220A) Al-Kamil fil-Tharik, Bulaq
21 Ibn Kathir (1404) Al Bidaya wa al Nihaya
22.Ibn Khaldun Kitab-al-Ibar
23.Ibn-Sa’d (1957) Al-Tabaqat-al-Kabir, Beirut
10
IS IC 03 - THE FOUNDATION OF ISLAMIC CULTURE
UNIT I –1
Credit 1
The concept of Tawhid-Rububiya,Uluhiya, Asmaa’ wa Sifaat, Significance of Tawhid- Its effects on
life- shirk, Eman, Kufr- Munafik
Unit 2
Credit 1
Risalath- Brief Hstory of Prophethood- finality of Prophethood and its significance, Sunnath vs
Bidath, Prophethood and its significance- The Concept of Akhirath- Necessity of Belief in
Akhirath- Barsakh (Khabar)- Hisaab, Meesan- Siraat, Hell and Paradise
Unit 3
Credit 1
Qada and Qadar- Its effect on life- The Angels and their Duties- The revealed Books, Quran- The
world of Allah- not the creator
Unit 4
Credit 1
The practices of two Shahadath- Concept of Ibadath- Salat- Zakath-Sawm- Hajj-Jihad- Minor
Shirk, Faasik,- Murtadd-Relation between eman and Amal- Ihsaan- Takwa.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1. Imam Hafidh al Hakmee- “The meaning and conditions of La Ilaha Illallah”- Trans Maaz Qureshi
2. Dr. Saaleh bn Fawzan bin Abdullah al Fawzaan: The Aqeeda of Tawheed
3. Muhammed bin Abdul Vahab : “ Explanation of Kalimah of Thouheed.”
4. Mohammed bin Saalih al Uthaymeen: “Exemplary foundation concerning the beautiful names and
Attributes of Allah” Translated by Maaz Qureshi
5. Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal. “ Foundation of the Sunnah- Tans. Aboo Abdul Rahiman Fawaaz Ahmad
Zumarlee.
6. Mohammed bin Saalih al Uthaymeen: “The tenets of Faith”
7. Imam Ibn Qudaimah al maqdisee. “The Radiance of Faith, A Guide to the Right path”
8. Mohammed As Saleh Al Uthaimin. “The Muslim belief” Trans. Dr. Maneh Al johani
9. Mohammed bin Saalih al Uthaymeen: “The fundamentals of faith”
10. Abdul Rahiman bin Sasir as-sadi. “The explanations of the beautiful and perfect names of Allah”
Trans. Abu Rumaysah
11. Ahmed Al- Wasabee “The meaning and pillars of La ilaha Illallah”- Trans. By Shaakir al kanadee
11
IS I C 04 - THE UMAYYAHS OF DAMASCUS
UNIT I
Credit 1
Rise of Umayyahs to Power- Muawiyah- War with Byzantines- Karbala- Marwan-Abdul MalikAbdullah Ibn Zubair- Waleed- Hajjaj Ibn Yusuf- Conquests- Umar II- Musa ibn Nusayr- Uqba
Ibn Nafie.
Unit 2
Credit1
Arabisation of the State- Spread of Islam- Condition of Mawalis- Royal life- Capital- Society- The
problem of Succession- North Arabs and South Arabs- Dimmis- The Abbasid Revolution and the
end of the Dynasty.
Unit 3
Credit 1
Intellectual side- Arabic Grammas – Basara and Kufa- Historiography- Oratory- PoetryEducation- Science- Alchemy- Architecture- The Done of the Rock- The Aqsa Mosque- Umayyad
Mosque- Qusayr Amrah- Painting- Music.
Unit 4
Credit 1
Religious Tradition and Canon Law- Hasan al Basari- Ibn Shihab Al Zuhari- The
origin of Irja’- Imam Abu Hanifa- Origin and Spread of Shiism
12
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1. Ali, S. Ameer (1971) A short History of the Saracens, Cambridge
2. Amin, Ahmad (1949) Fajr-al-Islam, Lahore
3. Collins, Roger (1989) The Arab Conquest of Spain 710-797, Blackwell, Oxford:
4. Din, A.A (1971) –The Umayyad Caliphate, London.
5. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest ed.), Leiden
6. Encyclopaedia of Britannica (Latest Edition) New York
7. Faruqi, IR and Faruqi LL (1986) The cultural Atlas of Islam, Londn
8. Gibb, HAR (1962) Studies on the civilization of Islam, Boston
9. Hotting, GR (1986) The first Dynasty of Islam, the Umayyad Caliphate AD 661-750 London
10. Hitti, Philip K (1953) The Arabs: A short History , London
12. Hitti, Philip K (1970) History of the Arabs, Mac Millan, London
13. Imamuddin S.M (1961) A political History of muslim spaon, Dacca
14. Irwing, W(n,d) Conqust of Granada and Spain
15. Lane Poole, Staneley (1953) The moors in spain, Lahore
16. Lewis, Bernard (1985) The Arabs in History, London
17. Miranda, AH(n.d) The Iberian peninsula and Sicily
18. Nadwi, Riyasat Ali (1950) Tarikh-i-and Andulus, Azamgarh
19. Nadwi, SMA (1948) Tarikh –i-islam, Azamgarh
20. Saunders JJ (1965) A History of Medieval Islam, London
21. Shaban, MA (1971) Islamic History AD 600- 750: A new Interpretation Cambridge
22. Some aspects of the socio-economic and cultural History of muslim Spain(1965), Leiden
23. The Cambridge History of Islam, Cambridge
24. Watt, WM(1967) A History of Islamic Spain (Edinburgh)
13
Semester II
IS 2C 05 THE ABBASID CALIPHATE:
UNIT 1
Credit 1
The Abbasiya Propaganda- Abu Muslim Al Kurasani- Al Saffah Al Mansur- The real
founder of the Dynasty, -Al Mahdi- Al-Hadi- Harun al Rashid- Rise and fall of the
Barmakids- The Glory of Baghdad- Al Amin and Al Ma’mun- Intellectual AwakeningMa’mun’s heterodox views
Unit 2
Credit 1
Al-Mu’atasim- Formation of Turkish Guards- Al Wathiq-Al Mutawakkil- The later
Abbasids- Causes and effects of the decline- Religious policy of the Abbasids- AdministrationSociety- Economy- Foreign contacts- Arts and Architecture.
Unit 3
Credit I
Petty dynasties- The Idrisids- The Aghlabids- The Tulunids- The Ikshidids- The HamdanidsThe Tahirids- The Saffarids- The Samanids- The Ghaznawids- The Buwayhid- The SaljuqsAlp Arslan, Nizamul Mulk- The Shahs of Khwarizm, The Fatimids.
Unit 4
Credit 1
The Crusades- Atabegs of Mosul- Nuruddin Zangi- Salahuddin Ayyubi- Emergence of
Mongols, -Hulagu Khan at the Gate of Baghdad- Fall of Baghdad.
14
BOOKS FOR REFERENCE:
1. Al- Azadi, M. Ubaidulla( 1922) Usul al fiqh, Karachi
2. Al- Azami, M.M (2003) The history of the Qur-anic Text from revelation to compilation, Islamic
academy, Leicester
3. Al Hilali, Mohammed Taqi ud ddin and Khan, Mohammed muhsin (1996) Interpretation of the
meaning of the noble Qur an, Riyad
4. Ali, S. Ameer: (1953) The spirit of Islam, London
5. Ameenul Ahsan Mufti (1962) Tarikh al Fiqh, Delhi
6. Bhat, Abdul Rasheed (1996) Political thought of Shah Waliyullah, Delhi.
7. Encyclopedia of Islam (latest ed.) Leiden
8. Encyclopedia of Britanica (latest ed.) New York
9. Farooqi, I R and Farooqi LL (1986) The cultural Atlas of Islam, London
10. Faruqi, kamal A (1962) Islamic Jurisprudecne, Karachi
11. Fayzee, AAA (1953) Outlines of Muhammedan Law, Oxford
12. Hasan, Ahmed (1953) Early Developments of Islamic Jurisprudence
13. Hitti, Philip K (1970) History of the Arabs, Macmillan, London
14. Hussain, M. Hadi (Tr) (1995) Imam Abu Hanifah, new Delhi
15. Ibn Khaldun (1932) Mukaddimah, Cairo
16. Ibn Khaldun (n.d) Kitab al Ibar
17. Iqbal, Mohammed (1971) Construction of religious thought in Islam, Lahore
18. Jalbani, G,N (1988) Teaching of Hazrat Shah Valiyullahi, New Delhi.
19. Khadduri, Majid (Tr) (nd) Islamic Jurisprudene
20. Khan, Kamaruddin (1985) The political thought of Ibn Taymiah, Islamabad
21. Mahmood, tahir (1987) Personal Law in Islamic Countries, New Delhi.
22. Maududi, S.A,A (1963) Towards understanding Islam, Lahore
23. Maududi, S.A.A (nd) Islamic Law and Constitution, Lahore
15
IS 2C 06 :
Unit: I
ISLAM IN EUROPE –SPAIN AND SICILY
Credit: 1
Political and Social Conditions of Gothic Spain- Conquest of Spain-Tarif, Tariq Ibn ZiyadMusa Ibn Nusayr-Battle of Tours-The Amirate- Consolidation of Umayyad power in SpainAbdul Rahman I, II and III- Ibn Hafsun
Unit: 2
Credit:1
The Glory of Cordova- Al Zahra- Industry-Agriculture-Trade-Education, Language and
Literature,-Poetry-Historiography-Geography-Astronomy and Mathematics-Botany and
Medicine-Philosophy-art and architecture-Transmission of Arab Learning to Europe.
Unit: 3
Credit:1
Collapse of Umayyad Power- petty states-The Abbadids-The Murabits- The Muwahhids- The
Nasrids- Glory of Granada- Al Hambra- The last days of Granada- Mozarabs- Moriscos
Unit 4
Credit: 1
Muslim conquest of Sicily- Muslim attacks on Italy- The Amirate- Norman
Conquest- Arab Norman Culture- Transmission of Arab learning to Europe.
16
Books for Reference:
1. Amir Ali:
A short history of the Saracens
2. Budget Meaking:
The Moorish Empire
3 Carl Brocklemann: History of the Islamic peoples
4. Dozy, R :
Spanish Islam
5. H.K Sherwamt:
Early Muslim Political Thought
6. Joseph Hell:
Arab Civilization
7. Jurji Zaydan:
History of Islamic Civilization
8. Jurji Zaydan:
Islamic Civilization
9. Khuda Buksh
The Empire of The Arabs
10. Khuda Bukhsh & DS Margoliouth: The Renaissance of Islam
11. Lane Poole:
The Moors in Spain
12. Lane Poole:
Egypt in the middle ages
13. Montgomery Watt: A History of Islamic Spain
14. Moris Lombrd:
The Golden Age of Islam
15. Nabin Faris:
The Arab Heritage
16. P.K. Hitti:
History of the Arabs
17. P.M.Holt & Others: Cambridge History of Islam
18. SA Q Husaini:
The Arab Administration
19. T.W Arnold:
The Caliphate
17
IS 2C 07 THE TRENDS OF SECTARIANISM
Unit: I
Credit:1
Prophet Mohammed As a Role Model- Sahabah as a saved sect- Aqeeda (creed) of Ahlu
Sunnah wal Jama’- Tabie- Tabul Tabie-Ahmed Ibn Hambal- As’haabul Athaar- SifaatiyaImportance of Naql on Aql- creed on Sifat Dhatiya- Sifat Fieliyya and Uluwullah.
Unit:2
Credit:1
Innovators- Khawarij- Main Principles- Shia- Principles of Taqiyyat- Qadariyat- Ma’bad Al
Juhani- Jahmiyat-ideologies- Muetazilat- Why call them Muatilat- Abu Ali Al JubaeJabariyat, Qarmatians- Murjiyat-Ilmul Kalam- Ashariat- Acceptance of the Ideologies of
Kullabi- Abul Hasan Al Ashari, Maturidi
Unit:3
Credit:1
Sufism- Imam Shafie, Ibn Kathir, Ibn Qayyim, Hafiz Dhahabi and Hafiz Muzni against
Sufism- Role of Fatimiyya- Ghaus, Qutb, Nujabae, Important Silsilas- Qadiri- ChishtiNaqshabandi-Suhrawardi- Shadhili- Tijaniyah- Bektash- Oveyssi.
UNIT-4
Credit-I
Ahmadiyah- Mahdavism, Nation of Islam, Submitters, Rashad Khalifah, Druze, BabismBahaism- Quraniyoorn- Dajjal.
18
Books for Reference:
1. Ahmad, Galwash(1973) The Religion of Islam, Doha
2. Ahmad, Nafis (1945) Muslim Contribution to Geography, Delhi
3. Al-Baladhuri (1959) Ansab-al-Ashraf, Cairo
4. Al-Bukhari, (1962) Al Sahih, Lahore
5. Al- Masudi (1894) Al-Tanbih-wal-Ishraf, Leiden.
6. Al-Masudi (1927) Muruj-al-Dhahab wa Ma’adin al Jawhar, Cairo.
7. Al-Mawaridi (1960) Kitab-al Adkam us Sulltania, Cairo.
8. Al-Muslim ibn Hajjaj (1929) Al Sahih, Egypt.
9. Al-Tabari, (1939) Tarikh-ul Umam wal Mulk, Egypt
10. Al-Tabari, (1961) Tarikh-ul Rusul wal Mulk, Cairo
11. Al- Asadi, M, Ubaidullah, (1922) Usulul Fiqh, Karachi
12. Ali, S. Ameer: (1953) The Spirit of Islam, London
13. Ali, S. Ameer (1971) A short History of the Saracens, Cambridge.
14. Ali, S. Ameer (1990) Early Islam, Edinburgh.
15. Ali, S, Ameer (n.d) Islamic Culture.
16. Arnold, T.W (1958) The Preaching of Islam, Lahore
17. Arnold, T.W (1965) The Caliphate, Oxford
18. Burton, Richard F (n.d) Collection of Quran
19. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest ed.) Leiden
20. Encyclopedia Britannica (Latest Ed.) New York
21. Faruqi, I R and Faruqi L.L (1986) The Cultural Atlas of Islam, London
22. Guilame, Alfred (n.d) The traditions of Islam
23. Hameedulla, M (1959) Introduciton to Islam, Paris
24. Hitti, Philip K (1970) History of the Arabs, Mcmillan, London
25. Ibn Khaldun (1932) Mukaddima, Cairo
19
IS 2C 08 INTELLECTUAL REVOLUTION IN THE MIDDLE AGES
Unit:1
Credit:1
Development of Philosophy- Role of Greek, Persian and Indian Philosophy- Eminent
philosophers in the Muslim world and their thoughts, Al kindi, Farabi, Ibn Sina, Gazzali, Ibn
Bajjah, Ibn Rushd, Ibn Maymun, Ibn Maymun, Ibn Arabi, Ibn Khaldun, Ikhwan al Safa
Unit:2
Credit:1
Development of Medicine- Public Hygiene- Important Hospitals- Important Physicians and
their Contributions- Yuhannna Ibn Masawayh- Hunayn Ibn Ishaq, Jibril Ibn BakhtishuSinan Ibn Thabith Ibn Qurrah- Ali Al Tabari- Al Razi, Al Majusi, Ibn Sina, Al Zahrawi, Ibn
Zuhr- Ali Mawsili- Ibn al Nafis
Unit: 3
Credit:1
Botany- Important Botanist- Alchemy- Zoology- Physics- Ibn al Haythm: the father of
Optics- Geography, Important Geographers and their contributions- Mathematics and
Astronomy; Art and Architect, Calligraphy, Education, Important Libraries- Translation
Bureaus- Educational Institution and Universities in the Middle Ages.
Unit:4
Credit: 1
Muslim Historiography- Geneology, Qur’an- Hadith as a source- Sirah- maghazi, TabaqatImportant Muslim historians and their contributions- Al Tabari- Baladuri- Masudi- Ibn al
Athir, Kallikan- Abul Fida- Al Dhahabi- Al Magrizi- Ibn Khaldun- Al Suyuti.
Books Recommended:
Ahmad, Galwash(1973) The Religion of Islam, Doha
Ahmad, Nafis (1945) Muslim Contribution to Geography, Delhi
Al-Baladhuri (1959) Ansab-al-Ashraf, Cairo
Al-Bukhari, (1962) Al Sahih, Lahore
Al- Masudi (1894) Al-Tanbih-wal-Ishraf, Leiden.
Al-Masudi (1927) Muruj-al-Dhahab wa Ma’adin al Jawhar, Cairo.
Al-Mawaridi (1960) Kitab-al Adkam us Sulltania, Cairo.
20
Al-Tabari, (1961) Tarikh-ul Rusul wal Mulk,
Cairo
Al- Asadi, M, Ubaidullah, (1922) Usulul Fiqh, Karachi
Ali, S. Ameer: (1953) The Spirit of Islam, London
Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest ed.) Leiden
Encyclopedia Britannica (Latest Ed.) New York
Faruqi, I R and Faruqi L.L (1986) The Cultural Atlas of Islam, London
Guilame, Alfred (n.d) The traditions of Islam
Hameedulla, M (1959) Introduciton to Islam, Paris
Hitti, Philip K (1970) History of the Arabs, Mcmillan, London
Ibn Khaldun (1932) Mukaddima, Cairo
Ikram, S.M (1964) History of muslim civilization, New York
Iqbal, Mohammed (1971) Reconstruction of religious thought in Islam,
Lahore
Khan, Qamarudheen (1985) The political thought of Ibn Taymiah, Islamabad
Mahdi, Muhsin (1957) Ibn Khaldun’s philosophy: a study in the foundations of the science of culture,
University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Maududi, S.A.A (1988) Islimi Riyasat, Lahore
Muslehuddin, M (n,d) The philosophy of Islamic law and the Orientalists.
SEMESTER- 3
IS 3C 09 ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE
Unit: 1
Credit I
The sciences of Qur’an- Revelation, Kalam Allah- Brief History of the Compilation of the
Qur-an- Ilmul Qira-ah- Ilm al Asbab al Nuzul- Major classical mufassirin and significance of
their works- Al Tabari, Qurtubi, Ibn Kathir, Al Baydhawi.
Unit:2
Credit:1
The Sciences of Hadith- Subject Matter and Transmission, Compilation of HadithCategories of Hadith- Some Important narrators- Abu Hurairah- Hazrat Aisha, Amr Ibn al
Aas, Anas Ibn Malik, Compilers of Hadith- Imam Malik, Ahmad Ibn Hambal- BukhariMuslim- Abu Dawud- Ibn Majah- Tirmidhi- Nasa’ai- Ibn Hajar Asqalani, Nasir al Din al
Albani
Uni:3
Credit:1
21
Unit:4
Credit 1
The Schools of Thought- Hanafi School-Maliki School- Shafie school- Hanbali School- Shia
Schools- The difference between Taqleed and Itibae Sunna.
Books for Reference:
Al- Azadi, M. Ubaidulla( 1922) Usul al fiqh, Karachi
Al- Azami, M.M (2003) The history of the Qur-anic Text from revelation to compilation, Islamic
academy, Leicester
Al Hilali, Mohammed Taqi ud ddin and Khan, Mohammed muhsin (1996) Interpretation of the meaning
of the noble Qur an, Riyad
Ali, S. Ameer: (1953) The spirit of Islam, London
Ameenul Ahsan Mufti (1962) Tarikh al Fiqh, Delhi
Bhat, Abdul Rasheed (1996) Political thought of Shah Waliyullah, Delhi.
Encyclopedia of Islam (latest ed.) Leiden
Encyclopedia of Britanica (latest ed.) New York
Farooqi, I R and Farooqi LL (1986) The cultural Atlas of Islam, London
Faruqi, kamal A (1962) Islamic Jurisprudecne, Karachi
Fayzee, AAA (1953) Outlines of Muhammedan Law, Oxford
Hasan, Ahmed (1953) Early Developments of Islamic Jurisprudence
Hitti, Philip K (1970) History of the Arabs, Macmillan, London
Hussain, M. Hadi (Tr) (1995) Imam Abu Hanifah, new Delhi
Ibn Khaldun (1932) Mukaddimah, Cairo
Ibn Khaldun (n.d) Kitab al Ibar
Iqbal, Mohammed (1971) Construction of religious thought in Islam, Lahore
Jalbani, G,N (1988) Teaching of Hazrat Shah Valiyullahi, New Delhi.
Khadduri, Majid (Tr) (nd) Islamic Jurisprudene
Khan, Kamaruddin (1985) The political thought of Ibn Taymiah, Islamabad
22
IS 3C 10 - ISLAM IN INDIA
Unit-1
Credit I
Indo-Arab Trade Links before the Rise of Islam- Invasion of Sind by Muhammed Ibn QasimThe Gazanavids and Ghoris- Delhi Sultanate- Balban- Alauddin Khilji- Muhammed Ibn
Tughlaq- Firoz Shah Tughlaq- Causes of decline- Administration- Society- Amir KhusruZiaudin Barani
Unit 2
Credit:1
The Mughal Emphire- Babar, Sher shah, Shah Jahan , Aurangzib- Downfall of MughalsMansabdari system- Indo Islamic Architect- Influence of Islam on Indian SocietyHistoriography.
Unit:3
Credit:1
Muslims against the British Rule- Hyder Ali, Tippu Sulthan- Navab Siraju Dawla- RohillasThe Wahhabi Movement- The Fara’adi movement- The revolt of 1857
Unit:4
Credit:1
Islam in Kerala- Origin and spread- Mappilas against the Portuguese- Kunjali marakkarsAli Rajas of Kannur- Mappilas against British Imperialism- Social and Religious Resurgence-
23
Books recommended:
1. Ashraf, K.M (nd) Life and Condition of the People of Hindustan,
2. Basham, A.L (1954) The wonder that was the India, New York
3. Cambridge History of India (n,d) Cambridge
4. Encyclopedia of Islam (Latest Ed.) Leiden
5. Encyclopedia of Britanica (latest ed.) New YorK
6. Habeebullah, A.B.M (1945) The Foundation of Muslim Rule in India, Allahabad.
7. Hardy, Peter (1960) The Historians of Medieval India, London
8. Hussain, Agha Mehdi (nd) Muslim rule in India
9. Hussain, Agha Mehdi : The Rise and Fall of Muhammed Ibn Thuglaq
10. Iqram, S.M and Rashid (1961) History of Islam Civilization in India, Lahore.
11. Iqram, S.M (nd) History of Muslim Civilization
12. Iqram, S.M (nd) History of Muslim Rule in India
13. Islam R (2002) Sufism in South Asia, O U P, Karachi
14. Khan, Zulfikarali (nd) Sher Shah
15. Lal, K.S (nd) Khelji Dynasty
16. Mirza, Vaheed (nd) Life and Work of Amer Khusru
17. Nazim, Mohammed (nd) Mahmood of Ghazna
18. Nizami, Khalik Ahammed (1901) Some aspects of religion and politics in India
24
IS 3C 11 THE OTTOMANS AS WORLD POWER
Unit:1
Credit:1
Origin and Growth of Ottoman Power- The Ghazi societies of Asia Minor- The Decline of the
Byzantine Empire- Golden age of the Ottomans- Murad II, Muhammed II and conquest of
Constantinople- Bayazid II- Salim I and Assumption of Caliphate.
Unit: 2
Credit:1
Sulaiman the magnificent- Ottoman Expansion- Administration, Economy- social
Institutions- Art and Architecture- Millat Systems- Role of Ulama- Yanicheri- The Decline of
the Dynasty
Unit:3
Credit:1
The Tanzimat Reforms- Abdul Hameed- Young Turk Revolution of 1908- I world warFormation of the Secular Republic of Turkey- Mustafa Kamal Attaturk- His Anti Islamic
Policies
Unit:4
Credit:1
Egypt under the Ottoman power- Mamluk’s control- Napoleon’s Conquest- Mohammed Ali
and the Rise of Modern Egypt- The Construction of Suez Canal
25
Books for Reference:
1. Bernard Lewis: The Emergence of Modern Turkey
2. E.F.Knight: Turkey’s awakening
3. Edward S Creasy: History of the Ghoman Turks
4. Kenel H. Harpet: Turkey’s Politics
5. Lane Poole S: Turkey
6. PM Holt & Others: Cambridge History of Islam
7. Pani Wittek: The Rise of the Ottoman Empire
8. Philip Price: A History of Turkey
9. S.N. Fisher: The Middle East
IS 3E 01 -: REVIVALIST MOVEMENT IN ISLAM (Elective)
Unit:1
Credit:1
Meaning and Concept of Revivalism (Tajdeed)- Difference between Revivalism and
Modernism- History of Islamic Revivalism- Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz- Imam Ahmed Ibn
Hambal- Ibn Taimiyah- Muhammed Ibn Abdul Wahab and Muwahhidun
Unit:2
Credit:1
Al Sanusi and Sanusiyah movement- Jamaludheen Afghani and Pan Islamism- Shaik
Hasanul Bannah and Ikhwanul Muslimun- Mawdudi and Jama’t e Islami- Salafi Movement
Unit 3
Credit:1
Muhammed Abduh- Muhammed Rashid Ridah and Al Manar- Prince Saeed Haleem PashaMahdi Sudani- Sayyid Qutb- Ali Shariati- Ayatullah Qumaini and the Shia Revolution.
Unit:4
Credit:1
Arab Nationalism- Abdul Rahman Al Kawakibi- Arab League- Muslim World League
(Rabita)
26
Books for Reference:
1. Agwani, M. S. (1986) Islamic Fundamentalism in India, Chandigarh.
2. Ahmad, Aziz (1964) Studies in Islamic Culture in Indian Environment. Oxford.
3. Ahmad. Aziz (1967') Islamic Modernism in India and Pakistan, 1857-1964.
Oxford.
4. Ahmad, Qeyamuddin (1966) The Wahabi Movement in India, Calcutta.
5. Ali, Muhammad (1946) Mv Life: A Fragment, Lahore.
6. Baljon, J. M. S. (1964) The Reforms and Religious Ideas of Sir Syed Ahmcd
Khan, Lahore.
7. Dar, B. A. (1957) Religious Thought of Sved Ahmed Khan, Lahore.
8. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest Edition), Leiden.
9. Encyclopedia Britannica (Latest Edition), New York.
10. Esposito, J. L. (199 U Islam the Straight Path, New York
.
11.Esposito, J. L. (1991) Oxford Encyclopaedia of Modern Islamic World. New
York
12. Esposito, J. L. (2005) Oxford Dictionary of Islam, New York.
13. Faruq'i, \. R and Faruqi, L. L. (1986) The Cultural Atlas of Islam.
London
14. Ghazali, Zainab (1989) Days from My Life. Delhi.
15. Gibb, H. A. R. (1947) Modern Trends in Islam. Chicago.
16. Haq, Mushirul (1970) Muslim Politics in Modern India 1857-1947. Meerut.
17. Hitti, Philip K. (1970) History of the Arabs. Macmillan, London.
18. Hourani, Albert (1969) Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798-1939.
Oxford.
19. Ikram, S. M. (1970) Modern Muslim India and the Birth of Pakistan.
Lahore
20. Khan, M. A. (n.d) A History ofFaraidi Movement in Bengal. Dacca.
21. Khan, Qamaruddin (1985) The Political Thought oflbn Tavmivah.
Islamabad.
22. Malik, Hafeez (ed.) Idbal: Poet Philosopher of Pakistan. New York.
23. Mawdudi, S. A. A. Tajdid wa Ihya' Din. Islamic Publication, Lahore.
24. May, L. S. (n.d) The Evolution Indo-Muslim Thought after 1857.
25. Mehr, Ghulam Rasul (n.d) Ahmed Shaheed, Ghulam Ali & Sons, Karachi.
26. Mujeeb, Muhammad (1967) Indian Muslims, London.
27. Qutb, Sayyid (1950) In the Shade of the Our'an. New Delhi.
28. Rizvi, S. A. A. (n.d) The Breakdown of Traditional Society.
29. Robinson, F. (1975) Separatism among Indian Muslims (1860-1923).
Delhi.
30. Sardar, Ziauddin (1979) The Future of Muslim Civilization. London.
31. Shaikh, M.N.( 1982) Memoirs of Hasan al Banna Shaheed. Delhi.
32. Smith, Wilfred Cantwell (1946) Modern Islam in India. London.
33. Zaman, W (n.d) Iranian Revolution: A Profile.
27
IS 3 E 02- ISLAMIC ECONOMICS (Elective)
Unit:1
Credit:1
Objectives of Islamic Economics- Human Welfare- Eradication of Poverty and Abolition of
Slavery- Economic references in Qur’an and Hadith- Positive and Negative aspects of
Capitalism and Socialism- Economic Philosophy of Islam
Unit:2
Credit:1
Distribution of Wealth in Islam- Laws of Inheritance- Sakat, Kharaj, Ushr, Zakat al Fitr,
Sadaquah, Aqiqah and Hady- Diyah- Fa’y and Ghanimah, Fidyah and Kaffarah- Mahr and
Walimah.
Unit:3
Credit:1
Islamic Banking- Mudaraba- Profit- Loss sharing- Interest free Banking- Riba, Its
classification and Prohibition- Obstacles in Islamic Banking- Islamic Development Bank, Its
Role and Functioning.
Unit:4
Credit:1
New Economic World order visualized by Islam- Mutual cooperation and Unity- Free
movement of Commodities- The world without interest – Abolition of Unhealthy commercial
practices- Human welfare and Environmental Protection – Economic Relations Beyond
National Barriers and Opportunities for All.
28
Books for Reference:
1. Chapra, M. Umar (1979) Objectives of the Islamic Economic Order. Leicester.
2 Chapra. M. Umar (1979) The Islamic Welfare State and Its Role in the Economy.
Leicester.
3. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest Edition), Leiden.
4. Encyclopedia Britannica (Latest Edition), New York.
5 Faruqi, I. R and Faruqi, L. L. (1986) The Cultural Atlas of Islam. London
6. Hitti, Philip K. (1970) History of the Arabs. Macmillan, London.
7. Islamic Development Bank (n.d) Islamic Banking: State of the Art.
IslamicResearch and Training Institute, Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah, SaudiArabia.
8. Islamic Development Bank (n.d) Lessons in Islamic Economics. (Vol 2), Islamic
Research and Training Institute, Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
9. Islamic Development Bank (n.d) Principles of Islamic Financing. Islamic Research and Training Institute,
Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
10. Kahf, M. (1978) Islamic Economy. Indiana.
11. Khan, Fahim M. (n.d) Economic Rationality of Islamic Banking. Proceedings of the Seminar on
Islamic Banking, The Islamic Foundation, Liecester, UK.
12. Mannan M. A. (n.d) Islamic Economics: Theory and Practice. The Islamic
Academy, Cambridge.
13. Mannan, M. A. (1975) Islamic Economics, Lahore.
14. Mannan, M. A. (n.d) Financing Development in Islam. Islamic Research and
Training Institute, Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
15 Mawdudi, S. A. A. (1989) Economic Problems of Man and Its Islamic Solution. Delhi.
16. Muslehuddin, Mohammad (1969) Insurance and Islamic Law. Islamic Book
Service, New Delhi.
17. Muslehuddin, Mohammad (1982) Economics and Islam. Delhi
18. Muslehuddin, Mohammad (1993) Banking and Islamic Law. Islamic Book Service, New Delhi.
19. Qasim b. Sallam, (1935) Kitab al Amwal, Cairo
20. Qudama b. Jafar Baghdad;, (1889) Kitab al Kharaj. Brill.
21. Qureshi, Anwar Iqbal (1974) Islam and the Theory of Interest. Lahore.
22. Qutb, Sayyid (1950) In the Shade of the Our'an. New Delhi.
23. Outb. Sayyid (1970) Social Justice in Islam. New York.
24. Rehman, Afzal-ur (n.d) Economic Doctrines of Islam. Islamic Publications
Limited, Lahore.
25. Sadeq. A. H. M. (1995Hslamic Economics. Delhi.
26. Siddiqi, Abdul Hameed (1969) The Origin and Development of Muslim
Institutions, Karachi.
27. Siddiqi, Mohammad Nejatullah (n.d) Banking without Interest.'
28. Siddiqi, Mohammad Nejatullah (n.d) Recent Theories of Profit. Bombay.
29. Siddiqi, Muhammad Nejatullah (1970) Some Aspects of Islamic Economy.
Lahore.
30. Siddiqi, Muhammad Nejatullah (1981) Muslim Economic Thinking. Leicester.
31. Usmani, Dr M. Imran Ashraf(n.d) Meezan Bank's Guide to Islamic Banking.
32. Yaqub b. Ibrahim (1302 A. H.) Kitab al Kharaj. Cairo
29
IS 3 E 03-MUSLIMS AND INDIAN FREEDOM STRUGGLE (Elective)
Unit:1
Credit:1
Role of Ulama in the 1857 Revolt- Failure of 1857 Revolt and British Attempt of Muslims
Genocide- British Policies towards Muslims- Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan and the progress of
Muslim Education- Maulana Muhammed Qasim Nanutawi and Rashid Ahmad GangohiChiragh Ali- Altaf Husayn Hali
Unit:2
Credit:1
Rise of Muslim Nationalism- Foundation of Indian National Congress- Rise of Hindu
Revivalist Movement- Urdu Defense Society- Muslim Education Conference- Partition of
Bengal – Birth of Muslim League- Separate Electorate- Malabar Rebellion of 1921
Unit :3
Credit:1
Jamiat ul Ulama, Khilafat Movement and non-co-operation movement- Gandhiji’s PoliciesCommunal Riots- Emergence of Jinnah- Congress Ministries of 1937- Deliverance Day
observed by Muslims.
Unit :4
Credit:1
Iqbal’s Allahabad Address- Chandhary Rahmat Ali’s Scheme- Pakistan Resolution of 1940Emergence of Muslim League as a strong political Entity- Creation of India and PakistanRole of British , Congress, Muslim League- Hindu organisations and Extremists in the
Partition.
30
Books for Reference:
1. Allana, G. (1967) Quaid-i-Azam: The Story of a Nation. Lahore.
2. Allana, G. (1968) 'Pakistan Movement: Historic Document, Karachi.
3. Ambedkar, B. R. (1945) Pakistan or Partition of India, Bombay.
4. Azad, Abul Kalam (1959) India Wins Freedom, New York.
5. Aziz, K. K. (1968) Life and Works of Amir Ali, Lahore.
6. Aziz, K. K. (1972) The Indian Khilafat Movement 1915-1933, Karachi.
7. Aziz, K. K. (1988) The Making of Pakistan: A Study in Nationalism. New Delhi.
8. Baljon, J. M. S.(1964) The Reforms and Religious Ideas of Sir Seyd Ahmad Khan
9. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest Edition), Leiden.
10. Encyclopedia Britannica (Latest Edition), New York.
11. Faruqi, Ziya-ul-Hasan, (1963) The Deoband School and the Demand for Pakistan. New York.
12. Gopal, Ram (1959) Indian Muslims: A Political History (1858-1947). Bombay.
13. Graham, G. F. I. (1909) Life and Works of Sir Sved Ahmed Khan. London.
14. Hamid, A. (1971) Muslim Separatism in India, Oxford.
15. Hayat, Sikandar (1998) Aspects of the Pakistan Movement. Islamabad.
16. Ikram, S. M. (1970) Modern Muslim India and the Birth of Pakistan. Lahore.
17. Iqbal, Jawid (1971) Ideology of Pakistan. Lahore.
18..Jalal, Ayesha (1985) The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and theDemand for
Pakistan, Cambridge.
19. Kaura, Lima (1977) Muslims and Indian Nationalism: Emergence of
the Demand for India's Partition, New Delhi.
20. Keith, A. B. (1937) Constitutional History of India. Oxford.
21. Malik, Hafeez. (1963) Muslim Nationalism in India and Pakistan.
22. Metcalf, Barbara Daly, (1982) Islamic Revival in British India:
23. Minault, Gail ((•972) The Khilafat Movement, New Delhi.
24. Nichols, Beverley (1944) Verdict on India. London.
25. Qureshi. 1. H. (n.d) The Struggle for Pakistan. Karachi.
26. Qureshi, L H. (n.d) UIema in Politics.
27. Sardar, Ziauddin (1979) The Future of Muslim Civilization. London.
28. Seervai, H. M. fl989) Partition ofjndia: Legend and Reality. Bombay.
29. Shakir, Moin (1970) Khilafat to Partition. Delhi.
30. Soomro, M. Q. (n.d) Muslim Politics in Sindh 1938-1947 Jamshoro.
31. Waheed-uz-Zarnan and Saleem Akhtar, M. (1993) Islam ii South Asta, Islamabad.
32. Wassey, Akhtarul (1978) Education of Indian Muslims: A Study of the All- India Muslim
Educational Conference 1886-1947. New Delhi.
33. Wolpert, Stanley (1984) Jinnah of Pakistan. New York.
34. Yusuf, K. F. (1990) Pakistan Reso.ution Revisited. Islamabad.
35. Zaman, W. (1978)) Towards Pakistan. Lahore.
31
SEMESTER 4
IS 4 C 12 ISLAMIC REVIVALIST MOVEMENT IN INDIA
Unit 1
Credit 1
Influence of Islam on Indian Culture- Thinkers and movements in Indain sub continentSayyid Ahmad Sir Hindi- Shah Waliullah- Shah Abdul Aziz- Shah Ismail- Sayyid Ahmad
Berelwi and Mujahideen- Haji Shariatullah and Faraidi Movement- Titu Muyan- Inayat Ali
and Wilayat Ali
Unit 2
Credit 1
Sayyid Ahmad Khan and Aligarh Movement- Ali Brothers and Khilafat movementMawdudi and Jamat-e-islami- Jam-i-yathul Ulama-e-Hind, Ahle Hadith- Tableegh Jama’at
Unit 3
Credit:1
Centres of Islamic Learning- Aligarh Muslim University- Jamia Millia- Nadwathul UloomDarul Uloom Deoband- Jamiya Salafiyya, Banaras.
Unit 4
Credit 1
Thinkers- Allama Iqbal- Abul Kalam Azad- Inayathullah Mashriqi- Abdul Hasan Ali NadwiChalilakath Kunjahammed Haji- Makti Thangal- Shaik Hamadani Thangal- Vakkam
Moulavi- K.M.Moulavi
32
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1. Abu Sulayman, Abdul Hamid (1993) Crisis in the Muslim Mind, International Institute for Islamic
Thought, Herndon, Virginia.
2. Abu Su/ayman, Abdul Hamid (1993) Towards an Islamic Theory international Relations: New
Directions for Methodology and Thought, International Institute for Islamic Thought, Herndon,
Virginia.
3. Ahmed, Akbar S. (1992) Postmodernism and Islam: Predicament and Promise. Routledge,
London.
4. Ahmed, Akbar S. (1993) Living Islam: From Samarkand to Stornoway. BBC Books, London.
5. Ahmed, Akbar S. (2002) Discovering Islam: Making Sense of Muslim Historyand Culture
Routledge, London.
6. Ahmed, Akbar S. (2003) Islam under Siege, Vistaar, New Delhi.
7. Ahmed, Akbar S. and Donnan Hastings (ed.) (1994) Islam, Globalisation and Postmodernity,
Routledge, London.
8. Ahmed, M.J. (2002) The Shade of Swords: Jihad and the Conflict between Islam and Christianity,
Routledge, London.
9. Ali, Tariq (2002) The Clash of Fundamentalisms: Crusades, Jihads and
Modernity, Verso, London and New York.
10. Ali, Tariq (2006) Bush in Babylon. Leftword. New Delhi.
11. Armstn ng, Karen (2000) The Battle for God: Fundamentalism in Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
HarperCollins, London.
12. Creasy, Edward (1961) History of the Ottoman Turks. Beirut.
33
IS 4 C 13- THE ARAB WORLD AFTER I WORLD WAR
Unit:1
Credit 1
Saudi Arabia-Arabian Peninsula as Ottoman Territory- Sharif Husayan as KhalifaMohammed Ibn Abdul Wahab- First Saudi State- Second Saudi State.
Unit:2
Credit 1
The Third Saudi State- Treaty of Jeddah- Discovery of Oil- Treaty of Taif- Ibn Saud- Faisal ,
Khalid, Fahad, Abdullah,- Foreign policy, Law and Order- King: as the custodian of the two
Holy cities- Relations with the Muslim World.
Unit 3
Credit 1
The Palestine Problem- Zionism- Establishment of Israel- Arab-Israeli Conflict- Palestine
Liberation Organization- Hamas- Intifada- Oslo Accord and Palestine Authority- Yasar
Arafat.
Unit 4
Credit 1
Fertile Crescent under mandate- Hashimite kingdom of Jordan- Role in the Arab Israel
Conflict- Lebanan: role in the Arab –Israel conflict- Hisbullah- Syria, Ba’ath Party- Role in
the Arab-Israel Conflicts.
34
Books for Reference
1. Ali, Tariq (2002) The Clash of Fundamentalisms: Crusades. Jihads and Modernity, Verso, London and
New York.
2. Antonier, George (1953) The Arab Awakening, London.
3. Bangash, T. (1994) Iran - Iraq Relations, Peshawar.
4. Cambridge History of Iran (1968) Cambridge.
5. Clot, Andre (n.d) Life and Times of Suleiman the Magnifident, Saqi Books.
London.
6. Creasy, Edward (1961) History of the Ottoman Turks. Beirut.
7. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest Edition), Leiden.
8. Encyclopedia Britannica (Latest Edition), New York.
9. Esposito, John L. (1992) The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality? Oxford University Press, New York.
10. Esposito, John L. (2002) Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam. Oxford
University Press, New York.
11. Eversley, Lord (1959) The Turkish Empire, Lahore.
12. Faruqi, I. R and Faruqi, L. L. (1986) The Cultural Atlas of Islam. London
13. Fisher, S. N. (1960) The Middle East: A History. Lahore.
14. Frye, Richard N. (1951) The Near East and the Great Powers. Cambridge.
15. Gibb, H.A.R. & Bowen H. (1950) Islamic Society and the West. London.
16. Gibbon, E. (1886) Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, London.
17. Gibbon, H. A. (1916) The Foundation of the Ottoman Empire. Oxford.
18. Hiro, Dilip (2002) War without End, Routledge, London.
19. Hitt'i, Philip K. (1970) History of the Arabs. Macmiilan, London.
20. Huntington, Samuel P. (1996) The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of
World Order. Simon and Schuster, New York.
21. Izetbegovic, AlijaAli (1993) Islam between East and West. American Trust
Publications, Indianapolis.
22 .Jybcr, A. H. (1913) The Government of the Ottoman of the Time ofSulcvman
the Magnificent, Cambridge.
23. Kirk, George E. (1960) A Short History of Middle East from the Rise of Islam to Modern Times, New
York.
24. Lane Poole, Staneley (n.d) Turkey. Lahore.
25. Lenezowsky, George (1967) The Middle East in World affairs. New York.
26. Lewis, Bernad (1998) The Multiple Identities of the Middle East. Schocken
Books,New York.
27. Lewis, Bernard, (1968) The Emergence of Modern Turkey. Oxford.
28. Marlow (1960) Arab Nationalism and British Imperialism, London.
29. Pehlvi, M. Raza (n.d) The Shah's Story (An Autobiography), London.
30. Said, Edward W. (1978) Orientalism. Penguin Books, New York.
36. Shaw, Stanford J. (1976) History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey,
Vol. 1. (1280-1808), Cambridge University Press.
37. UNESCO (n.d) History of the World Vol.1 - V.
38. Unsal, Behcet Turkish Islamic Architecture. London, 1959.
39. Wilber, Donald N. (n.d) Iran: Past and Present.
40. Zaman, W. (n.d) Iranian Revolution: A Profile.
35
IS 4 C 14-- ISLAM IN MODERN WORLD
Unit: 1
Credit:1
Afro-Americans- Negro Ghettos in North America- Black Muslims of America- Origin and
spread- The Moorish science Temple- Nation of Islam and Elija Muhammad – Malcolm XTransition to Islamic Mainstream- Islamic Society of North America- (ISNA)- International
Institute for Islamic Thought (IIIT)
Unit 2
Credit 1
America and Modern World- The media war against Islam- Jewish/Zionist control of Global
Media and Hollywood- Islamophobia- Freemasonry- The collapse of Twin Towers of world
Trade Centre and its effects- policies of Obama
Unit 3
Credit 1
The Muslims of Central Asia- Position of Muslims under Czarist Regime- Central Asia on
the eve of the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.- Basmachi movement and Enver Pasha- Socioeconomic and Religio-cultural condition in the Soviet Republics- Emergence of Independent
Muslim states- The struggle in Chechnya
Unit 4
Credit 1
The Maghrib- Morocco- French Protectorate- Ghazi Abdul Karim- Isthiqlal PartyIndependence- Polisario Movement- The F.L.N. Lybiya- The Sanusi movement –British
Occupation- Transition under Ghaddafi.
36
Books for Reference
1. Dani. A. H. (2002) Central Asia Today
2. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest Edition), Leiden.
3. Encyclopedia Britannica (Latest Edition), New York.
4. Esposito, John L. (1992) The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality? Oxford
University Press, New York.
5. Esposito, John L. (2002) Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam. Oxford
University Press, New York.
6. Eversley, Lord (1959) The Turkish Empire. Lahore.
7. Faruqi, I. Rand Faruqi, L. L. (1986) The Cultural Atlas of Islam. London
8. Fukuyama, Francis (1998) The End of History and the Last Man. Bard,
New York.
9. Fukuyama, Francis (2006) America at the Crossrroads: Democracy, Power
and the Neoconservative Legacy, Yale University Press.
10. Gibb, H.A.R. & Bowen H. (1950) Islamic Society and the West. London.
11. Gibbon H. A. (1916) The Foundation of the Ottoman Empire, Oxford.
12. Haley, Alex (n.d) The Auto Biography ofMalcolm-X.
13 Hii-o, Dilip (2002) War without End. Routledge, London.
14. Hitti, Philip K. (1970) History of the Arabs, Macmillan, London.
15. Huntington, Samuel P. (1996) The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of
World Order, Simon and Schuster, New York.
16. Ibn Khaldun (1969) The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History, translated by Franz Rosenthal,
Princeton University Press, Princeton.
17. Izelbegovic, Alija Ali (1993) Islam Between East and West. American Trust
Publications, Indianapolis.
18. Khan, M. A. Muqtedar, (2002) American Muslims: Bridging Faith and
Freedom. Amana Publications, Beltsville, Maryland.
19. Lewis, Bernad (1998) The Multiple Identities of the Middle East. Schocken Books. New York.
20. Mohamed, Mahathir (2001) Islam and the Muslim Ummah, Prime Minister's
Office, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
21. Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2002) The Heart of Islam: Enduring Values of Humanity. HarperSan
Francisco, New York.
22. Rashid, Ahmed (2000) Talibart: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in
CentralAsia. Yale University Press, New Haven and London.
23. Said, Edward W. (1978) Orientalism. Penguin Books, New York.
24. Said, Edward W. (1993) Culture and Imperialism. Chatto and Windus,
London.
25. Sardar, ^iauddin (1979) The Future of Muslim Civilization. London.
26. Sardar, ^.iauddin and Davies, Merryl Wyn (2002) Why Do People Hate America Icon Books Limited,
Cambridge.
27. Segesvary, Victor (2000) Dialogue of Civilizations: An Introduction to
Civilizational Analysis, United Press of America, Lanham, Maryland.
28. Shaw, Stanford J. (1976) History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Vol. 1. (1280-1808),
Cambridge University Press.
29. Zakaria, Fareed (2003) The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home. Viking Books, New
York.
37
IS 4 E 01- MUSLIM WORLD IN MODERN TIMES (Elective)
Unit 1
Credit:1
The muslim world at the end of 19th century- Ottoman empire at the Receiving End. The rise
of nationalism- Pan-Turkism- Zia Gokalp- Pan-Islamism- Turkish war of Liberation- Birth
of Turkish Republic- Post Kamalist Turkey- Islamic Revival
Unit 2
Credit:1
Egyptian Nationalism- Col. Ahmad Arabi- British Occupation of Egypt- Sa’d Zaghlul – The
Wafd Party- The Ikhwanul Muslimun- Military Coup of 1952- Formation of Egyptian
Republic- Nationalization of Suez Canal- Gamal Abdul Nasar- Egypt- Israel War- Camp
David Accord- Islamic revival
Unit 3
Credit 1
Anglo- Russian Imperialism in Iran- Muzaffaruddin Shah- Establishment of Pahlavi
Dynasty- Muhammed Riza Shah Pahlavi- Muhammed Musadaq- Nationalisation of Oil
Industry- Revolution under Ayathulllah Qumayni- Ahmed Najad.
Unit 4
Credit:1
World War I and British Mandate over Iraq- King Faisal- British Occupation- Military Coup
of 1958- Saddam Hussayn- Confrontation of Iraq with Iran, Kuwait and America- American
Occupation-Unending Civil War.
38
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1. Abu Sulayman, Abdul Hamid (1993) Crisis in the Muslim Mind, International Institute for Islamic
Thought, Herndon, Virginia.
2. Abu Su/ayman, Abdul Hamid (1993) Towards an Islamic Theory international Relations: New
Directions for Methodology and Thought, International Institute for Islamic Thought, Herndon,
Virginia.
3. Ahmed, Akbar S. (1992) Postmodernism and Islam: Predicament and Promise. Routledge,
London.
4. Ahmed, Akbar S. (1993) Living Islam: From Samarkand to Stornoway. BBC Books, London.
5. Ahmed, Akbar S. (2002) Discovering Islam: Making Sense of Muslim Historyand Culture
Routledge, London.
6. Ahmed, Akbar S. (2003) Islam under Siege, Vistaar, New Delhi.
7. Ahmed, Akbar S. and Donnan Hastings (ed.) (1994) Islam, Globalisation and Postmodernity,
Routledge, London.
8. Ahmed, M.J. (2002) The Shade of Swords: Jihad and the Conflict between Islam and Christianity,
Routledge, London.
9. Ali, Tariq (2002) The Clash of Fundamentalisms: Crusades, Jihads and
Modernity, Verso, London and New York.
10. Ali, Tariq (2006) Bush in Babylon. Leftword. New Delhi.
11. Armstn ng, Karen (2000) The Battle for God: Fundamentalism in Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
HarperCollins, London.
12. Creasy, Edward (1961) History of the Ottoman Turks. Beirut.
IS 4E 02 – ISLAMIC POLITICAL THOUGHT (Elective)
Unit 1
Credit 1
Islamic Principles of State and Society- Prophethood and Khilafat – The structure of Islamic
Government – Difference between Nationality and Islamic Brother Hood- Rights of a Ruler
in the Islamic State- Duties of Citizens to the Ruler- Walae’, Barae’
Unit 2
Credit:1
Functions and Objectives of an Islamic State,-Objectives of Armed Jihad-Conditions of
Jihad, The importance of Islamic Shariat- Allah- The Law giver- Difference Between Khilafat
and Mulukiyat- Role of Ulama in the State.
Unit 3
Credit 1
The Shia Concept of Imamat and Khilafat – Principles of Ahlusunnah on the matter of
khilafat- The Importance of Baia’t- Thoughts of Ahmed Ibn Hanbal- Ibn Taymiyyah on
relations concept of the ideal society.
Unit: 4
Credit 1
A critical study of Tauhidul Hakimiyat of Abul Ala Maududi- His conepts on Deen- Ibadat-
39
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1. Ahmad, Aziz (1967) Islamic Modernism in India and Pakistan, 1857-1964.
Oxford.
,
2. Ahmed, Sayed Riaz (1976) Maulana Maududi and Islamic State. Lahore.
3. Ali.S. Ameer (1953) The Spirit of Islam. London.
4. Arnold. T. W.(1981) The Legacy of Islam. Oxford.
5. Bhat, Abdul Rashid (1996) Political Thought of Shah Wali-u Allah. Delhi
6. Black, Antony (2003) The History of Islamic Political Thought, Edinburgh.
7. Charles (1955) An Arab Philosophy of History. London.
8. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest Edition), Leiden.
9. Encyclopedia Britannica (Latest Edition), New York.
10.Esposito, J. L. (1991) Islam the Straight Path. New York.
11.H.Esposito, J. L. (1991) Oxford Encyclopaedia of Modern Islamic World
Islam.New York.
12. Esposito, J. L. (2005) Oxford Dictionary of Islam. New York
13. Faruqi, I. R and Faruqi, L. L. (1986) The Cultural Atlas of Islam. London
14. Hitti, Philip K. (1970) History of the Arabs. Macmillan, London.
15. Ibn Khaldun (1969) The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History, translated by Franz Rosenthal,
Princeton University Press, Princcton.
16. Iqbal, Muhammad (1971) Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. Lahore.
17. Jalbani, G. N. (1988) Teachings ofHazrat Shah Waliyullah , New Delhi.
18. Khan, Qamaruddin (1985) The Political Thought of Ibn Taymiyah. Islamabad.
19. Mahdi, Muhsin (1957) Ibn Khaldun's Philosophy: A Study in the Foundation of the Science of Culture,
University of Chicago Press, Chicago
20. McDonald, D. B. (1963) Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutionalist
Theory, Lahore.
21. Muttahari, Murtaza (1985) Society and History, Tehran.
22. Nasr, Seyyid Hossein (1964) Three Muslim Sages, Cambridge: 1964.
23. Nasr, Seyyid Hossein (1966) Ideals and Realities in Islam, London.
24. Nasr, Seyyid Hossein (1970) Science and Civilization in Islam, New York.
25. Rosenthall, E. I. J. (1962) Political Thought in the Medieval Islam. Cambridge.
26. Sardar, Ziauddin (1979) The Future of Muslim Civilization. London.
27. Siddiqi, Abdul Hamecd (1969) The Origin and Development of Muslim
Institutions, Karachi.
28. Zakaria, Rafiq (1993) Iqbal: The Poet and the Politician. New Delhi
40
IS 4 E 03 – MUSLIM HISTORIOGRAPHY(Elective)
Unit: 1
Credit:1
Influence of Islam on the Development of Historical consciousness- Muslim Historical
Materials- Inscriptions of Epigraphs- Dam of Ma’arib- The Torah and New TestamentAyyamul Arab- Diwan al Arab-Poetical Traditions in Islamic period- Qur-an- HadithGenealogy- Khabar- Tabaqat- Seerah- Maghazi- Taniq (annals)
Unit 2
Credit 1
Major Muslim Historians- Ibn Ishaq- Al Waqidi- Ibn Hisham- Ibn Sa’d- Al Tabari- Al
Baladhuri- Al Masudi- Miskawayh- Al Katib al Baghdadi- Ibnal Athir- Ibn Kallikan- Abul
Fida- Al Dhahabi- Ibn al Khatib-Al Magrizi- Al Suyuti
Unit 3
Credit 1
Arab Philosophy of History- Ibn Khaldun- His Life and works- Sociology and understand
History- Nature of Society- Climatic conditions- Al Asabiya: Meaning and ImplicationsHistory as a cycle- ‘Al Umran’ science of human culture
Unit 4
Credit 1
Origin and Development of Indo-muslim Historiography- Minhaj Siraj Jansjani- Amir
Khusru- Ziauddin Barani- Sahiruddin Muhammed Babur- Abdul Qadir Badauni- Abul FazlGulbadan Beegam- Farishta.
41
Books for Reference:
1. Al- Tabari (1939) Tarikh-ul Umam wal-Muluk. Egypt.
2. Al- Tabari, (1961) Ta'rikh al Rusul wal Muluk. Cairo
3. Ali, B. Sheikh (1978) History: Its Theory and Method, New Delhi.
4. Ali. S. Ameer (1953) The Spirit of Islam. London.
5. Ali, S. Ameer (1971) A Short History of the Saracens. Cambridge.
6. Ali, S. Ameer (1990) Early Islam. Edinburgh.
7. Ali, S.Ameer (n.d) Islamic Culture.
8. Ashraf, Syed All (1980) Koranic Concept of History. England.
9. Bloch, Marc (1959) The History. London.
10. Carr, E.H. (1961) What is History?. London.
11. Charles (1955) An Arab Philosophy of History, London.
12. Collingwood, R.G. (1906) The Idea of History. Oxford.
13. Duri, A. H. (1979) The Rise of Historical Writing Among the Arabs. Delhi.
14. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Latest Edition), Leiden.
15. Encyclopedia Britannica (Latest Edition), New York.
16. Faruqi, I. R and Faruqi, L. L. (1986) The Cultural Atlas of Islam. London Flint
(1969) History of the Philosophy of History. Edinburgh.
17. Faruqi, Nizar Ahmed (1979) Early Muslim Historiography. Delhi.
18. Galbraith, V.H. (n.d.) An Introduction to the Study of History. London.
28. Gawronsky, Donald V. (1969) History: Meaning and Methods. USA.
19. Hardy, Peter (1960) Historians of Medieval India. London.
20. Hegel (1952) The Philosophy of History. New York.
21. Hitti, Philip K. (1970) History of the Arabs. Macmillan, London.
22. Issawi, Charles (1955) An Arab Philosophy of History. London.
23-Mahdi, Muhsin (1957) Ibn Khaldun's Philosophy: A Study in the Foundation of the Science of Culture.
University of Chicago Press, Chicago
24. Margolioth, D. S. (1930) Lectures on Arab Historians. Calcutta.
25. Muttahari, Murtaza (1985) Society and History. Tehran.
26. Phillips, C.H. (1961) The Historians of India, Pakistan and Ceylon. London.
27. Phillips, Ragby (Latest Edition) Culture and History. California.
28. Plankhanev, G. V. (1946) The Materialistic Conception of History. Moscow.
29. Rasul, M. Ghulam (1968) Origin and Development of Muslim Historiography. Lahore.
30. Rosentha), E. 1. J. (n.d) History of Muslim Historiography. Leiden.
31. Shariati, Dr. Ali (1979) On the Sociology of Islam. Berkeley.
32. Siddiqi, Abdul Hameed (n.d) Interpretation of History. Lahore
33. Siddiqi, M. Mazheruddin, (1993) The Koranic Concept of History. Islamic
Research Institute, Islamabad.
34. Spenglar. Oswald (1954) Decline of the West, London.
35. Stern, Alfred (1962) Philosophy of History and the Problem of Values. Hague.
36. Thompson (1952) History of Historical Writing. New York,
37. Toynbee, Arnold (1947-51) A Study of History, London.
38. Walsh, W. H. (n.d) An Introduction to Philosophy of History.
Fly UP