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UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT (Abstract)
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
(Abstract)
Faculty of Engineering – Scheme & syllabus of M.Tech Course in
Geo-Technical Engineering – Sanctioned – Implemented – with effect
from 2010-2011 admission - Orders issued.
=========================================
================
GENERAL AND ACADEMIC BRANCH – IV – ‘E’ SECTION
No.GAIV/E1/7377/2010 Dated, Calicut University. P.O., 19-04-2011.
=========================================
================
Read: 1. U.O. No. GA1/D4/3990/2004 dated 18-10-2010.
2. U.O. No. GA1V/E1/1894/03 (Sub file) dated 13-12-2010.
3. Minutes of the meeting of the Board of Studies in
Engineering
(PG) held on 25/03/2011 (item No. 1)
4. Orders of Vice-Chancellor in the file of even number dated
08.04.2011.
ORDER
As per paper read first above, University has granted
affiliation for starting M.Tech Course in Geo-Technical
Engineering in Civil Engineering department at IES College of
Engineering, Chittilappilly, Thrissur for the year 2010-2011.
Vide paper read 2nd above, an expert committee was
constituted for the preparation of the syllabus for the M.Tech
Course in Geo-Technical Engineering with the following members.
a)
Prof. K. O. Varghese, Assistant Professor, Department of
Civil Engineering, Government College of Engineering,
R.V. Puram, Thrissur (Convener).
b)
Dr. P. Vijayan, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil
Engineering, Government College of Engineering,
R.V. Puram, Thrissur.
c)
Prof. Anil Kumar. P. S., Assistant Professor, Department
of
Civil
Engineering,
Government
College
of
Engineering, R.V. Puram, Thrissur.
d)
Dr. Kouzer. K. M., Lecturer, Department of Civil
Engineering, Government Engineering College, West
Hill, Kozhikode.
As per paper read 3rd above, the meeting of Board of
Studies in Engineering (PG) held on 25.03.2011 vide item No.1,
unanimously resolved to recommend the approval of the
syllabus of the M.Tech course in Geo-Technical Engineering.
Considering the urgency of the matter, the Vice-Chancellor
has accorded sanction to implement the scheme and syllabus of
the M.Tech course in Geo-Technical Engineering, subject to
ratification by Academic Council, vide paper read 4th above.
Sanction is therefore accorded for implementing the
scheme and syllabus of the M.Tech course in Geo-Technical
Engineering with effect from 2010-2011 admission.
Orders are issued accordingly. The syllabus is available in
University website.
Sd/DEPUTY REGISTRAR (G&A-IV)
For REGISTRAR
To
The Principal,
IES College of Engineering,
Chittilappilly, Thrissur.
Copy to:
System Administrator (with a request to
upload in the University website urgently)
PS to VC /PA to Registrar/PA to CE/Ex Sn/EG/
Chairman, Board of Studies in Engineering (UG)/(PG)/
Dean, Faculty of Engineering/SF/FC
Forwarded/By Order
Sd/SECTION OFFICER
2
/home/digital/Desktop/website/20042011/ga/M.Tech Geo tech 2010-2011
Admn/MTech_Geotech_syllabus_2010-2011 Admn.doc
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
PROPOSED SCHEME AND SYLLABUS
of
M. TECH.
in
GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
(CIVIL ENGINEERING)
3
Scheme and Syllabus for M. Tech. Programme in
Geotechnical Engineering
Semester I
SI
Course code
no
1
CEG10 101
2
CEG10 102
3
CEG10 103
4
CEG10 104
5
6
7
8
CEG10 105
CEG10 106 (P)
CEG10 107 (P)
-
Subject
ICA
3
1
0
3
1
3
ESE
Total
Credits
100
100
200
4
0
100
100
200
4
1
0
100
100
200
4
3
1
0
100
100
200
4
3
0
0
1
0
0
0
2
2
100
100
100
100
-
200
100
100
4
2
2
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
15
5
10
700
500
1200
24
Advanced
Engineering
Mathematics
Advanced Soil
Mechanics
Finite Element
Method in
Geomechanics
Rock
Mechanics
Elective I
Seminar
Laboratory
Departmental
Assistance
Total
Hours /
Week
L T P
ELECTIVE I
CEG10 105A
Applied Soil Mechanics
CEG10 105B
Ground Improvement
CEG10 105C
Pavement Design
L-Lecture
T-Tutorial
P-Practical
ESE-End Semester Examination
ICA-Internal Continuous Evaluation
4
Semester II
SI
Course code
no
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CEG10 201
CEG10 202
CEG10 203
CEG10 204
CEG10 205
CEG10 206 (P)
CEG10 207 (P)
8
-
Total
Subject
Advanced
Foundation
Engineering
Structural
Design of
Foundations &
Substructures
Soil Dynamics
& Machine
Foundations
Elective II
Elective III
Seminar
Software
Laboratory
Departmental
Assistance
Hours /
Week
L T P
ICA
3
1
0
3
1
3
ESE
Total
Credits
100
100
200
4
0
100
100
200
4
1
0
100
100
200
4
3
3
0
1
1
0
0
0
2
100
100
100
100
100
-
200
200
100
4
4
2
0
0
2
100
-
100
2
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
15
5
10
700
500
1200
24
ELECTIVE II
CEG10 204A
Highway Subgrade and Foundation Analysis
CEG10 204B
Modern Techniques in Geotechnical Engineering
CEG10 204C
Ground Water Hydrology
ELECTIVE III
CEG10 205A
Environmental Geotechnical Engineering
CEG10 205B
Reinforced Earth and Geotextiles
CEG10 205C
Stability Analysis of Slopes and Embankments
5
Semester III
SI
no
Course code
Subject
1
2
3
CEG10 301
CEG10 302
CEG10 303 (P)
4
CEG10 304 (P)
Elective IV
Elective V
Industrial
Training
Master
Research
Project –
Phase I
Total
Hours /
Week
L T P
3 1 0
3 1 0
ICA
ESE
Total
Credits
100
100
100
100
200
200
4
4
50
50
1
300
6
750
15
0
0
0
-
0
0
22
300
6
2
22
500
250
NB: The student has to undertake departmental work assigned by HOD
ELECTIVE IV
CEG10 301A
Forensic Geotechnical Engineering
CEG10 301B
Soil Exploration and Field Testing
CEG10 301C
Modelling, Simulation and Computer Applications
ELECTIVE V
CEG10 302A
Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering
CEG10 302B
Shell Foundations
CEG10 302C
Remote Sensing and GIS
6
Semester IV
SI Course
no code
1
Subject
Master
CEG10 Research
401 (P) Project –
Phase II
Hours / Internal
Week
Evaluation
L T P Guide EC
0
0
30
150
ESE
EE
Total Credits
VV
150 150 150
600
NB: The student has to undertake departmental work assigned by HOD
EC - Evaluation Committee; EE - External Examiner; VV - Viva Voce
7
12
SEMESTER I
CORE SUBJECTS
CEG10 101 ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To familiarize students in the field of differential equations and wave
equations to solve boundary value problems associated with engineering
application and to expose the students to various probability distribution techniques
to enable them apply statistics in various areas of geotechnical engineering like
sampling, analysis, modeling etc.
MODULE 1
Four standard forms of non-linear partial differential equations, linear homogeneous
partial differential equations with constant coefficients, one dimensional wave
equation, D’Alembert’s solution of one dimensional wave equation, derivation by the
method of separation of variables – problems, Laplace equation in Cartesian,
cylindrical and spherical coordinates.
MODULE II
Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) - definition and examples of DFT, Properties of
DFT, Inverse of DFT, Cyclical convolution and convolution for DFT, Parseval’s
theorem for DFT. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT):Definition and examples of FFT.
MODULE III
Probability distributions - Probability & random variables. Discrete and Continuous
distributions: Binomial distribution, Poisson distribution, Geometric distribution,
uniform distribution, normal distribution, gamma distribution, exponential
distribution and Weibull distribution.
MODULE IV
Moments, moment generating function, sampling distributions, sampling distributions
of standard means, chi- square distribution, student’s t - distribution , F - distribution,
Point and Interval estimation, Testing of hypothesis, Bivariate distributions
Independence, Correlation and Regression .
8
References:
1. Grewal, B.S., Higher Engineering Mathematics – Khanna Publishers.
2. Raisinghania, M.D.: Ordinary and Partial differential Equations – S.Chand,
India.
3. Ramana, B.V.: Higher Engineering Mathematics – Tata McGraw Hill.
4. Babu Ram: Engineering Mathematics – Pearson education.
5. Ronald. N., Brace well – The Fourier Transform and its Applications – Tata
McGraw Hill.
6. Moorthy, M.B.K., – Probability & Statistics, Second edition – SciTech
Publications.
7. Johnson, R.A., Miller & Freud – Probability and Statistics for Engineers Pearson Education Asia 6th edition
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
9
CEG10 102 ADVANCED SOIL MECHANICS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To make students understand soil structure, stress-strain characteristics
of soils, the mechanism of failure, the factors that affects the shear strength and the
various test procedures to determine the shear strength. Also to impart knowledge
about three dimensional consolidation, secondary consolidation and basics of
rheological models.
MODULE I
Soil structures, types of bonds, important clay minerals, atomic structure, Base
exchange capacity, Clay – water interaction, Lambe’s compaction theory, Field
Compaction methods, Structural and engineering properties of compacted soils
MODULE II
Elastic theories – stress- strain relationship, principal stresses and strains, Mohr
diagram, Stresses due to distributed line loads, concentrated force, Boussinesque’s
and Westergaard’s solutions, isobar diagram, influence diagram, Newmark’s chart,
Introduction to constitutive relationships of soils- Mohr-Coulomb model, Duncan and
Chang model, Cam clay model, Drucker and Prager Model
MODULE III
Mohr-coulomb equation, Modified Mohr-coulomb equation, Testing of soils- Direct
shear, Triaxial, UCC, Shear strength parameters of saturated cohesionless and
cohesive soils. Pore pressure coefficient, concept of stress path. Critical state –
Critical state line, Roscoe surface, Behaviour of over consolidated samples, Hvorslev
surface
MODULE IV
Three dimensional consolidation, sand drains, secondary consolidation, Rheology –
Introduction to basic rheological models - Kelvin and Maxwell models, Stability
analysis of slopes – Swedish slip circle method, Friction circle method, Bishop
method of stability analysis, Taylor stability number, Stability chart
References:
1. Terzaghi, K., and Peck, R.B., “Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice”, Asia
Publishing House, Bombay.
2. Terzaghi, K., “Theoretical Soil Mechanics, Wiley, New York.
3. Kurian, N.P., “Design of Foundation Systems – Principles and Practices”, 2nd
Edition, New Delhi, Narosa publishing House.
10
4. Ranjan, G., and Rao, A.S.R., “Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics”, 2nd Edition,
New Age International (P) Limited.
5. Das, M.B., “Advanced Soil Mechanics”, 2nd Edition, Taylor & Francis, New
York.
6. Teng, W.C., ‘Foundation Design”, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
7. Lambe, T.W., and Whitman, R.V., “Soil Mechanics”, John Wiley and Sons.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
11
CEG10 103 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR GEOMECHANICS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To make students appreciate the basic concepts, principles and other
formulations in finite element method and its application in geotechnical
engineering.
MODULE I
Introduction – the finite element method – historical development – advantages, basic
equations of elasticity – strain-displacement relations – theory of stress and
deformation, general procedure of finite element analysis, displacement approach,
concept of nodes and elements – aspect ratio
Energy principles - stationary principles, Principle of stationary potential energyPotential energy of an elastic body - Rayleigh-Ritz Method - Finite element form of
Rayleigh-Ritz method
Co-ordinate systems – global, local and natural co-ordinates – co ordinate
transformation.
Shape functions – Lagrangian and Hermition interpolation for one and two
dimensional elements - shape functions for C0 and C1 elements - convergence criteria
– conforming and non-conforming elements - patch test
MODULE II
Formulation of stiffness matrix – bar element - beam element - plane stress and plane
strain problems - triangular elements, Accuracy and mesh locking aspects in plane
stress and plane strain analyses – properties of stiffness matrix - consistent element
nodal load vector and boundary conditions
Isoparametric elements – introduction – isoparametric bar element - two dimensional
isoparametric elements - bilinear quadrilateral element – quadratic quadrilateralsconstruction of stiffness matrix for isoparametric elements validity of isoparametric
elements - Numerical integration by Gauss quadrature
Storage schemes- conservation of computer storage - different methods, node
numbering to exploit matrix sparsity
MODULE III
Plate bending elements- Kirchoff theory – Rectangular plate elements – refined
quadrilateral element – shear deformation in plates - Mindlin’s theory –plate 4 and
plate 8 elements- shear locking problems - selective and reduced integration –
spurious modes
Shell elements – thin and thick shell - introduction to flat plate and curved elements
FEA in structural dynamics – dynamic equation for single degree of freedom system –
Introduction to formulation of mass and damping matrices –lumped mass and
consistent mass
12
MODULE IV
Soil-structure interaction – introduction to contact modelling- interface elementsstress, strain and stiffness matrices of interface elements- application of interface
elements. Modelling of unbounded media and singularities - infinite elements –
singularities in one and two dimensions
References:
1. Bathe, K.J., “Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis”, Prentice Hall,
Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
2. Cook, R.D., “Concepts and applications of finite element analysis”, John Wiley
and Sons.
3. Desai, C.S. and Abel, J.F., “Introduction to the Finite Element Method” CBS
Publishers, New Delhi.
4. Deb, D., “Finite Element MethodsGeomechanics”, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Concepts
and
Application
in
5. Zienkiewicz, O.C. and Taylor, R.L., “Finite Element Method”, (4th edition)
McGraw-Hill, London, U.K.
6. Krishnamoorthy C. S., “Finite Element Analysis- Theory and Programming”,
Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.
7. Logan.D.L., “A first Course in the Finite Element Method”, CL Engineering
8. Rajasekaran, S., “Finite Element Analysis”, S. Chand Publishers
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
13
CEG10 104 ROCK MECHANICS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To make the students understand engineering properties of rock,
classification of rocks, laboratory testing of rocks, failure criteria, tunneling in
rocks and various techniques to improve the insitu strength of rocks.
MODULE I
Introduction-Geological formation of rocks, Structural Geology, Classification of
rocks, Defects in rock, Physical mechanical properties of rocks, Exploration
techniques – RQD and RMR, Laboratory tests for shear strength, tensile strength,
flexural strength, elastic constants, Field tests – test for deformability, shear tests and
strength tests
MODULE II
Engineering classification of Rock mass, Stress-strain behaviour, Failure criteria for
rock masses - Yield criteria for failure theories: maximum stress theories, maximum
elastic strain theories etc, and Griffith’s theory of fracture initiation, stresses around
open flaw and equation defining fracture
MODULE III
Tunnelling in rocks - different phases and methods of tunnelling, Instrumentation in
tunnels, Rock freezing, Rock fall, Improvement techniques for rock – Grouting, Rock
bolting
MODULE IV
Rock reinforcement - Mechanism, types of reinforcement, steps involved in
installation, Foundations on rock, Rock blasting- explosives, Selection criteria for
explosives, steps involved in blasting
References:
1. Verma, B. P., “Rock Mechanics for Engineers” Khanna Publishers
2. Singh, B. and Goel, R. K. “Rock Mass Classification Systems – A Practical
Approach in Civil Engineering “Elsevier Publisher.
3. Hoek, E. and Brown, E. T. “Underground Excavations “, Span Press.
4. Hoek, E. and Bray, J D., “Rock Slope Engineering “, Span Press.
5. Brown, E.T., “Rock Characterisation, Testing and Monitoring”, Pergamon
Press, London, U.K.
14
6. Herget, G., “Stresses in Rock”, Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
7. Hoek, E. and Brown, E.T., “Underground Excavation in Rock”, Institution of
Mining and Metallurgy, London U.K.
8. Goodman, R.E., “Introduction to Rock Mechanics”, John Wiley & Sons, New
York, N.Y., USA.
9. Bieniawski, Z.T., “Engineering Rock Mass Classification”, John Wiley and
Sons, New York, N.Y., USA.
10. Coates, D.F., “Rock Mechanics Principles”, Canada Centre for Mineral and
Energy Technology, Ottawa, Canada.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
15
CEG10 105: ELECTIVE I
CEG10 105A APPLIED SOIL MECHANICS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To build the students’ knowledge in the engineering behaviour of soils
such as arching, soil pressure on conduits and silos. Also to gain knowledge in
geotechnical design of different types of earth retaining structures.
MODULE I
Arching in soils, prerequisites and features of arching, Theory of arching in soils.
Application of arching in tunnels through c-soils, 
-soils and c- 

soils.
Soil pressures on conduits- Loads on ditch, negative and positive projecting conduits.
Bedding conditions for conduits and types of conduits, Pressures in silos, Janssen’s theory
for pressures in silos
MODULE II
Earth pressures and types of retaining structures, Stability analysis of RCC cantilever
retaining walls.
Sheet piles and Anchored bulkheads-stability analysis of cantilever sheet pile, analysis
of anchored bulkheads with free and fixed earth support, Anchorages for bulkheads –
design of continuous and individual anchors, anchor plates. Position of anchor walls.
MODULE III
Open cuts-general and local states of plastic equilibrium, Terzaghi’s general wedge
theory for earth pressures in cuts, Analysis of Earth pressures in cuts in c-soils, 
soils and c- 
soils. Design of bracings of shallow and deep cuts. Heave at
bottom of c-soils, 
-soils and c- 
soils.
MODULE IV
Types of Cofferdams, Types of cellular cofferdams- circular and diaphragm, analysis
of cellular cofferdam under no submergence and partial submergence conditions.
Diaphragm walls, Bored pile walls and prestressed ground anchors
Design aspects of non-conventional retaining systems - Gabion wall, mechanically
stabilised earth walls, soil nailing and shotcreting.
References:
1. Nainan P. Kurian, “Design of Foundation Systems: Principles and Practices”
Narosa publishing House New Delhi.
16
2. Murthy, V.N.S. “Geotechnical Engineering: Principles and Practices of Soil
Mechanics and Foundation Engineering” CRC Press.
3. Karl Terzaghi, Ralph Brazelton, Peck “ Soil Mechanics in Engineering
Practice “ John Wiley & Sons London
4. Gopal Ranjan, Rao, A.S.R. “Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics” New Age
International Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.
5. Malcolm D. Bolton “ A Guide to Soil Mechanics” Universities press ( India )
Pvt. Ltd , Hyderabad
6. George Passwell “Retaining Walls: Their Design and Construction”,
BiblioBazaar, LLC.
7. Narendra Taly “Design of Reinforced Masonry Structures” McGraw Hill
Professional.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be a minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
17
CEG10 105B GROUND IMPROVEMENT
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To enable students to identify problematic soils and their associated
issues, propose suitable remedial techniques and design.
MODULE I
Introduction - The need for engineered ground improvement in Geotechnical
Engineering, Traditional objectives and classification of Ground modification
techniques, Mechanical Modification- Methods of compaction, Shallow compaction
techniques, Deep Compaction, Dynamic compaction, Vibro compaction, compaction
control tests
MODULE II
Hydraulic Modification-Ground water lowering by well points, deep wells, Vertical
Drains and Preloading: Method of providing vertical drainage, preloading without
vertical drains, vacuum preloading, electrokinetic dewatering – basic concepts,
electrosmosis, practical aspects of electrosmosis.
MODULE III
Modification by inclusions and confinement-Granular Piles/Stone columns:
Introduction-Methods of Construction- Ultimate Load Carrying Capacity of Stone
Column/Stone Column Groups-Settlement Analysis.
Soil nailing: Introduction-Components-Construction Sequences-Failure-Design of Nail
Wall System.
Anchors: Introduction-Components-Design of Anchors
MODULE IV
Chemical methods: Grouting-Techniques-Grout Characteristics-Equipments-Injection
Method-Monitoring. Modification by admixtures: Stabilisation Using Lime, Calcium
and Sodium Chloride, Cement.
Thermal methods: Stabilisation by heating, Soil Freezing, Area of Application,
Cooling by Liquid Nitrogen/by Brine, Advantages & Disadvantages.
Expansive Soil: Identification of Expansive Soil-Problems Associated With Expansive
Soil-Introduction to CNS (Cohesive Non Swelling) Layer-Treatment by Chemical
Additives, Prewetting, Soil Replacement with Compaction Control, Moisture Control,
Surcharge Loading, Thermal Methods
18
References:
1. Mosely, M.P. “Ground Improvement”, Blackie Academic and Professional.
2. Raj, P. Purushothama,
Publications, New Delhi.
“Ground
Improvement
Techniques”,
Laxmi
3. US Army Corps of Engineers “Guidelines on Ground improvement for
Structures and Facilities”.
4. FHWA manuals
a. Design and Construction of Stone Columns, Volume 1 ,1983 , FHWARD-83-026
b. Design and Construction of Stone Columns, Volume 2, 1983,
FHWA-RD-83-027
c. Manual for Design & Construction of Soil Nail Walls, 1999, FHWASA-96-069R.
d. Permanent Ground Anchors, Volume 1, Final Report 1991 FHWADP-90-068
e. Permanent Ground Anchors, Volume 2, Field Demonstration Project
Summaries 1991, FHWA-DP-90-068.
f. Prefabricated Vertical Drains, Volume 1, 1986, FHWA-RD-86-168.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
19
CEG10 105C PAVEMENT DESIGN
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To train students in assessment of aspects influencing pavement
behaviour and to train them in analysis, design of rigid and flexible pavements for
different serviceability conditions.
MODULE I
Introduction: Historical developments in pavement engineering, Types and component
parts of pavements, Factors affecting design and performance of pavements. Highway
and airport pavements.
Reliability concepts as applicable for flexible and rigid pavement – Statistical
concepts, Probabilistic methods- Methods based on ESAL and different Axle Load.
MODULE II
Stresses and strains in flexible pavements: Stresses and strains in an infinite elastic
half space – use of Boussinesq's equations - Burmister's two layer and three layer
theories; Wheel load stresses, various factors in traffic wheel loads; Equivalent single
wheel load of multiple wheels. Repeated loads and EWL factors;
MODULE III
Flexible pavement design methods for highways and airports: Empirical, semiempirical and theoretical approaches; Development, principle, design steps of the
different pavement design methods including AASHTO, Asphalt Institute, Shell
Methods. IRC method of pavement design. Use of software for stress analysis
MODULE IV
Stresses in rigid pavements: Types of stresses and causes; Introduction to
Westergaard's equations for calculation of stresses in rigid pavement due to the
influence of traffic and temperature; Considerations in rigid pavement analysis, EWL;
wheel load stresses, warping stresses, frictional stresses, combined stresses.
Rigid pavement design: Design of cement concrete pavement for highways and
runways; Design of joints, reinforcements, tie bars, dowel bars. IRC method of design
References:
1. Yoder and Witczak “Principles of Pavement Design “John Wiley and sons
2. Huang H Yang “ Pavement Analysis and Design “ Pearson Prentice Hall
20
3. Khanna S. K. And Justo C. E. G., “Highway Engineering “Nemchand and
Bros.
4. Kadiyali L. R., “Principles of Highway Engineering” Khanna Publishers New
Delhi.
5. Rajib B. Mallick , Tahar El Korchi “ Pavement Engineering – Principles and
Practice “ CRC Press
6. Papagiannakis A. T., Masad E. A., “ Pavement Design and Materials “ John
Wiley and Sons
7. Clifford Richardson, “The Modern Asphalt Pavement”, Nabu Press.
8. IRC 37 – 2001 “Guidelines for Design of Flexible Pavements”, Indian Roads
Congress, New Delhi.
9. IRC 58 – 2002 “Guidelines for Design of Rigid Pavements”, Indian Roads
Congress, New Delhi.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
21
CEG10 106(P): SEMINAR
Credits: 2
Hours per week 2
Objective: To train the students to address to a group of people and to present
technical topics in a well organised manner to the audience. It is also intended for
improvement of communication skills of students, to make them confident in
expressing their views with clarity and to make them capable of taking part in
debates. This will help create self esteem and confidence that are essential for
engineers.
Individual students are required to choose a topic of their interest from the field of
geotechnical engineering preferably from outside the M.Tech syllabus and give a
seminar on that topic for about 30 minutes. A committee consisting of at least three
faculty members (preferably specialized in geotechnical engineering) shall assess the
presentation of the seminar and award marks to the students. Each student shall
submit two copies of a write up of his/her seminar topic. One copy shall be returned
to the student after duly certifying it by the chairman of the assessing committee and
the other will be kept in the departmental library. Internal continuous assessment
marks are awarded based on the relevance of the topic, presentation skill, quality of
the report and participation.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
22
CEG10 107 (P) LABORATORY
Credits: 2
Hours per week 2
Objective: To train students in laboratory and field-testing methods to determine
index, engineering and chemical properties of soils.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
1) Atterberg’s Limits
2) Consolidation test – Compression Index.
3) Swell Test
4) Direct Shear Test
5) Vane Shear Test
6) Triaxial Test
7) Tests on Geosynthetic Materials-Tensile Test, Interface Friction
8) UCC Test on Rock
9) Field Density – Rubber Balloon, Wax Coating.
10) Relative Density Test.
11) Block Vibration Test.
12) Study of Standard Penetration Test.
13) Study of Sampling Devices.
14) Study of Plate Load Test.
15) Total Soluble Solids, Calcium Carbonate Test.
16) Total Sulphate Content, Organic Content Test.
17) pH, Cation Exchange Capacity, Conductivity.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
23
SEMESTER II
CORE SUBJECTS
CEG10 201 ADVANCED FOUNDATION ENGINEERING
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To familiarize students with different types of foundations, analysis and
geotechnical design of shallow foundations, pile foundations, caissons and well
foundations. Also to acquaint students with foundations provided in various soil
conditions, flexible analysis and soil-structure interaction models.
MODULE I
Foundation classification; Selection of foundations; Geotechnical design parametersBearing capacity – Methods by Terzaghi, Meyerhoff, Hansen and IS Code,
settlement, Proportioning of Foundations for equal settlement, loads for design, depth
of foundation, concepts of net and gross loads. Analysis of shallow foundations in clay
and sand - individual and combined footings, and rafts - floating and partially
compensated.
MODULE II
Classification of pile foundations – Selection of pile foundations - friction piles, end
bearing piles, laterally loaded piles, Load carrying capacity of individual piles - static
formula, IS Method, dynamic formula, Pile load test – pull out test, lateral load test,
initial load test, routine load test and cyclic load test, negative skin friction, pile
groups, Settlement analysis of individual and group of piles. Piers in clay and sand.
MODULE III
Caissons and well foundations – design aspects of caissons, open caissons, pneumatic
caissons, floating caissons, well foundations, monoliths, design and construction
aspects of well foundations.
Foundations on expansive soils, analysis of under reamed piles. Precautions to be
taken while constructing foundations on laterites, fills and rock.
MODULE IV
24
Soil structure interaction and 'flexible' approach to the design of foundations, Contact
Pressure – from theory of Elasticity and Sub grade reaction, Experimental
Determination of Sub grade Modulus. Introduction to Soil-structure interaction
models - Winkler, Pasternak, Hetenyi and Filonenko-Borodich.
References:
1. Nainan P Kurian “Design of Foundation Systems: Principles And Practices”
Narosa publish House New Delhi.
2. Joseph E. Bowles, “Foundation Analysis and Design” McGraw-Hill.
3. Berlinov M., “Foundation Analysis and Design” Mir.
4. Leonards G. A., “Foundation Engineering” Mc Graw Hill, NY.
5. Brahman S. P., “ Foundation Engineering” Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing
House , New Delhi
6. Peck, R.B., Hanson, W.E. and Thornburn, T.H., “Foundation Engineering”,
2nd Edition, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New York.
7. Teng, W.C., “Foundation Design”, Prentice-Hall of India (Pvt) Ltd., New
Delhi.
8. Tomlinson, M.J., “Foundation Design and Construction”, 5th Edition, English
Language Book Society, Longman Group Ltd., Singapore, 1986.
9. Nayak, N.V., “Foundation Design Manual for Practicing Engineers and Civil
Engineering Students”, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, New York.
10. Winterkorn, H.F. and Fang, H., “Foundation Engineering Handbook”, Van
Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.
11. Robert W. Day: “Foundation Engineering Handbook” Mc Graw Hill.
12. IS: 6403 “Code of Practice for Determination of Bearing Capacity of Shallow
Foundations”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
13. IS: 2911 (Part 1) Section 1 to 4 “Code of Practice for Design and Construction
of Pile Foundations”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
14. IS: 2911 (Part 4) “Code of Practice for Design and Construction of Pile
Foundations – Load Test on Piles”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
15. IS: 8009 (Part I & II) “Code of Practice for Calculation of Settlements of
Foundations”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
25
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
26
CEG10 202 STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS AND
SUBSTRUCTURES
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To expertise students in structural design of shallow foundations, piles,
well foundations, and retaining walls with the theoretical knowledge in limit state
design and steel design of sheet pile walls
MODULE I
Introduction to Limit State Design of reinforced concrete in foundations; Soil pressure
for structural design, Conventional structural design of continuous footings,
individual footings – rectangular and circular, combined footings – rectangular,
trapezoidal and strap.
MODULE II
Raft Foundations – Structural Design of rectangular and circular rafts and mats using
conventional method of analysis, Analysis and design of rafts and mats incorporating
soil structure interaction using any FEM software.
MODULE III
Structural design of piles including pile caps, under-reamed piles, Structural Design
of pier, Well Foundation – Types, Structural Design of Well Foundations.
MODULE IV
Structural design of retaining walls-Reinforced Concrete Cantilever retaining wall,
Counterfort retaining wall, Flexible retaining Structures –Sheet Pile Wall, Anchored
Bulk Heads.
References:
1. Nainan P. Kurian “Design of Foundation Systems: Principles and Practices”,
Narosa publish House, New Delhi.
2. Swami Saran, “Analysis and Design of Substructures”, Oxford & IBH
Publishing Co.
3. Tomlinson M.J., “Foundation Design and Construction”, Prentice Hall.
27
4. Shamsher Prakash, Hari D., Sharma “Pile Foundations in Engineering
Practice”, Wiley-IEEE.
5. Nainan P. Kurian “Shell foundations: Geometry, Analysis, Design and
Construction”, Alpha Science International Ltd.
6. Tomlinson M.J., John Woodward “Pile Design and Construction Practice”,
Routledge.
7. Som N. N., and Das S.C., “Theory and Practice of Foundation Design”
Prentice Hall of India.
8. Sharat Chandra Gupta, “Raft Foundations – Design and Analysis with
Practical Approach”, New Age International Pvt. Ltd , New Delhi
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
28
CEG10 203 SOIL DYNAMICS AND MACHINE FOUNDATION
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To enhance Students’ knowledge in dynamic loading, theory of
vibrations, dynamic soil properties, dynamic earth pressure, dynamic bearing
capacity, vibration isolation, liquefaction of soils and to train the students in
machine foundation design.
MODULE I
Introduction: Comparison of Soil mechanics and Soil Dynamics, Nature of Dynamic
loads, Stress conditions on soil element under earthquake loading, seismic force for
pseudo static analysis as per IS Code
Theory of Vibration: Definitions, Harmonic motion, free and forced Vibration of a
single degree freedom system with and without damping, Theory of vibration,
Vibration measuring Instruments. Vibration isolation, spectral response
MODULE II
Dynamic Soil Properties: Dynamic moduli, Dynamic elastic constants. Poission’s
Ratio, Damping ratio, Liquefaction parameters, Laboratory techniques, Field tests,
Factors affecting shear modulus, Elastic modulus and Elastic Constants.
Dynamic Earth Pressure: Pseudo static methods, Displacement methods for active and
passive case. Behaviour of Retaining walls during earthquakes. Modification of
Coulomb’s theory.
Dynamic Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundation: Criteria for satisfactory action of
footing. Pseudo static analysis, bearing capacity of footings. Dynamic analysis of
horizontal and vertical loads.
MODULE III
Principles of Machine Foundation Design: Typical machine and foundations. General
requirements of machine foundation; Permissible amplitude, allowable soil pressure.
Modes of vibration of a rigid foundation block, Methods of analysis, Linear elastic
weightless spring method, Elastic half space method Design procedure for block
foundation, IS code practice. Behaviour and design of Machine foundations,
Reciprocating Machines, Hammer foundations, Introduction to T.G.foundations
MODULE IV
Vibration Isolation: Force Isolation – Motion Isolation – use of spring and damping
materials – vibration control of existing machine foundation – screening of vibration –
open trenches – Pile Barriers – salient construction aspects of machine Foundations.
Liquefaction of Soils: Definition, Mechanism of liquefaction. Laboratory studies,
Cyclic Triaxial test, Cyclic simple shear test. Evaluation of zone of liquefaction in
field. Vibration table studies, Field blast studies, Evaluation of liquefaction using
Standard Penetration Resistance. Factors affecting liquefaction and measures for
avoiding liquefaction.
29
References:
1. Swami Saran “Soil Dynamics and Machine Foundation” Galgottia
Publication Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
2. Shamsher Prakash “Soil Dynamics” Mc-Graw Hill, New York.
3. Sreenivasalu & Vaidyanathan C. “Handbook of Machine Foundation” Tata
McGraw Hill.
4. Kameswara Rao N.S.V., “Vibration Analysis and Foundation Dynamics”
Wheeler Publications Ltd.
5. Prakash Puri V.K., “Foundation for Machines: Analysis and Design “John
Wiley &Sons New York USA.
6. Rao S. S., “Mechanical Vibrations” Pearson Education Singapore.
7. Alexander Major, “Dynamics in Soil Engineering”, Akademiai, Kiadoa,
Budapest.
8. Bhatia K.G., “Foundation for Industrial Machines – Handbook for Practicing
Engineers” D - CAD Publishers, New Delhi.
9. IS 2974 – Part I & II “Design Consideration for Machine Foundations”,
Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be a minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
30
CEG10 204: ELECTIVE II
CEG10 204A HIGHWAY SUBGRADE AND FOUNDATION ANALYSIS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To gain thorough knowledge about subgrade soil properties on
pavement performance, effect of water in soils, functions and design of subsoil
drainage system, various tests for strength evaluation of subgrade soils.
MODULE I
Subgrade: Functions, Importance of subgrade soil properties on pavement
performance. Soil Survey: Soil survey procedure for highways and ground water
investigation. Identification and significance of soil characteristics, Soil classification
for highway engineering purposes, PRA, Revised PRA, CAA, FAA, IS and Unified
Classification.
MODULE II
Effect of water in soils - swelling/shrinkage, Soil Moisture movement - ground water,
Gravitational water, held water and its classification, water held by capillarity and surface
tension, soil suction, factors governing soil suction, Stress in Soils, Cohesion and
plasticity in soil, Theories of elastic and plastic behaviour of soils.
MODULE III
Drainage - General principles, Functions and design of subsoil drainage system. Frost
action in soil - Frost susceptible soils, Air and soil temperature, Heat flow through
soils. Depth of frost penetration, Effects of particle size, water table and pavement
thickness on frost heave, loss of strength during frost melting.
MODULE IV
Strength Evaluation of subgrade soils, Laboratory tests - Direct shear test, UCC test,
CBR test, Triaxial test, Field tests-Co-efficient of subgrade reaction, Field CBR,
North Dakota Cone test. Compaction of Soils - Field and Laboratory methods and
equipment – Field Compaction control.
References:
1. Armstrong C. F., “Soil Mechanics in Road Construction”, Edward Arnold
London.
2. Rajib B. M., Tahar E. K., “Pavement Engineering – Principles and Practice”,
CRC Press.
3. Road Research laboratory, “Soil Mechanics for Road Engineers” Her
Majesty’s Stationary Office London.
31
4. Fwa T. F., “The Handbook of Highway Engineering” CRC Press.
5. Eldon J. Y., Mathew W: “Principles of Pavement Design” John Wiley and
Sons.
6. Sharma R.C. and Sharma S.K., “Principles and Practice of Highway
Engineering” Asia Publishing House.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be a minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
32
CEG10 204B MODERN TECHNIQUES IN GEOTECHNICAL
ENGINEERING
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To provide a comprehensive treatise on foundations for various
structures like water tanks, chimneys, towers, industrial structures, ground storage
tanks etc., impart knowledge in modern instrumentation methods and also thermal,
electromagnetic identification techniques of soil.
MODULE I
Foundations for water tanks, silos, Chimneys, Cooling towers, Telecommunication
towers, Transmission line towers, Guyed structures, Screw piles and other special
foundations.
MODULE II
Foundations for industrial structures, Ground storage tanks, underground power
houses, and offshore structures. Foundations in high and low temperature conditions.
MODULE III
Instrumentation in soil engineering, strain gauges- resistance and inductance type,
Instrumentation for load measurements, pore water pressure measurements, earth
pressure measurements.
MODULE IV
Measurements of ground movements- settlement and heave gauges, piezometers and
slope indicators, inclinometer, seepage meter.
Techniques to find resistivity of soil. Non destructive methods of testing piles.
X-ray, DTA analysis, Photo elasticity methods for structural classification of soil.
References:
a. Jean-Louis Briaud, Foundations for Transmission Line Towers, Proceedings
of a session, ASCE Convention in Atlantic City, ASCE Geotechnical Special
Publication No. 8, New Jersey, April 27, 1987
2. Kurian N. P., Modern Foundations, Tata McGraw Hill.
3. Micropile Design and Construction Guidelines: Implementation Manual,
Federal Highway, Administration, US.
4. Hanna T.H., “Foundation Instrumentation”, Trans Tech Publication, Ohio.
5. Leonard G.A., “Foundation Engineering”, McGraw Hill book Co. Inc, New
York.
33
6. Bishop A. W., & Henkel, Measurement of soil properties in the Triaxial Test”,
Edward Arnold, London.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 marks each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
34
CEG10 204C GROUND WATER HYDROLOGY
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To make the knowledge base of the student in Hydrology stronger and
broader so that they can handle the design and analysis of the environmental
systems with confidence.
MODULE I
Introduction: Definition of groundwater, role of groundwater in a hydrological cycle,
Groundwater bearing formations, Classification of aquifers, Rock properties affecting
ground water vertical distribution- porosity, permeability, hydraulic conductivity,
transmissivity, Specific retention, Specific yield and storage coefficient, Wateryielding Properties, Stratiography,
Darcy's law, Integral transforms and
mathematical functions - Laplace equation, potential flow lines, flow net, Anisotropy
and heterogeneity, Groundwater exploration techniques
MODULE II
Groundwater and well hydraulics: steady unidirectional flow, steady radial flow in to a
well in confined and unconfined aquifers, steady flow with uniform discharge, Effect
of boundaries, Unsteady radial flow in to a well in confined and unconfined aquiferDupuit-Forchheimer assumptions, pumping test analysis -non equilibrium equation for
pumping tests, Thies method of solution, Cooper Jacob method, Chow’s methods of
solution,Wells : Different types of wells, Construction of wells, Characteristics of well
losses.
MODULE III
Groundwater development problems, Ground water use, ground water rights- Indian
practice, Resource assessment: Estimation of recharge, Artificial recharge, land
subsidence due to ground water withdrawals, Groundwater Quality: Indian and
international standards, Coastal aquifers- occurrence, Saline water intrusion,
prevention and control of sea water intrusion. Ghyben – Herzberg relation, pollution
of groundwater, sources, remedial and preventive measures.
MODULE IV
Groundwater Flow Modelling- Role of groundwater flow models, Analogue methodelectric analogue, Hele Shaw analogue, Introduction to numerical modelling.
Planning of groundwater development- Constraints on the development, Role of
models in ascertaining the feasibility of a pumping/recharge proposal, Planning of
optimal groundwater development.
References:
1. Verruijt A., “Theory of Groundwater Flow”, Macmillan and Co Ltd.
35
2. Ven Te Chow., “Advances in Hydroscience”, Vol I- Hydraulics of wells- M.S.
Hantush, Academic Press.
3. William C. Walton., “Groundwater resource evaluation” McGraw-Hill Book
Company
4. Todd D.K., “ Ground Water Hydrology”, John Wiley
5. Garg S.P., “Ground Water & Tube wells”, Oxford & IBH
6. Raghunath H.M., “Ground Water Hydrology”, Wiley Press
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
36
CEG10 205: ELECTIVE III
CEG10 205A ENVIRONMENTAL GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To make the students aware about Environmental Geotechnics, landfill
engineering, and contaminant transport.
MODULE I
Introduction to Environmental Geotechniques-Environmental cycles and their
interaction-Soil water environment interaction relating to geotechnical problemsEffect of pollution on soil water behaviour- Sources, production and classification of
wastes, chemical reactions in subsurface.
MODULE II
Fly ash characterisation process and utilisation, Landfill engineering - Criteria for
selection of sites for waste disposal facilities-parameters controlling the selection of
wastes disposal sites - current practices for waste disposal, Liners – types and design Passive containment systems-Leachate contamination - applications of geomembrane,
Land fill gases and their properties, Landfill Gas monitoring systems.
MODULE III
Contaminant Transport phenomena in saturated and partially saturated porous media,
contaminant migration and contaminant hydrology, Contaminant site remediation
Bearing capacity of compacted fills - foundation for waste fill ground, Case studies of
foundation failures by ground contamination.
MODULE IV
Long-term behaviour of landfills – Landfill closure Recultivation and aftercare of
landfill, Ground modification techniques in waste fill, Remedial measures for
contaminated grounds-Remediation technology-Bio-remediation.
References:
1. Edward A., McBean, Frank A. Rovers “Solid Waste Landfill Engineering and
Design”, Prentice Hall PTR.
2. Daniel D. E., “Geotechnical Practice for Waste Disposal”, Chapman & Hall,
First edition.
3. Zheng C., “Applied Contaminant Transport Modeling”, John Wiley & sons,
First edition.
37
4. Hsai-Yang Fang, “Introduction to Environmental Geotechnology”, CRC
Press, New York.
5. Sawyer, C. N., McCarty, P. L. and Parkins, G. F., “Chemistry for
Environmental Engineers”, McGraw Hill, Singapore.
6. LaGrega, M. D., Buckingham, P. and Evans, J. C., “Hazardous Waste
Management”, McGraw Hill, Singapore.
7. Oweis, I. S. and Khera, R. P. “Geotechnology of Waste Management”, PWS
Publishing Company, Boston.
8. Sharma, H. D. and Lewis, S. P. “Waste Containment Systems, Waste
Stabilization and Landfills”, Wiley, New York.
9. Fang, H. Y., “Introduction to Environmental Geotechnology”, C R C Press,
Boca Raton.
10. Mohamed, A. M. O. and Antia, H. E.
Elsevier, Amsterdam.
“Geoenvironmental Engineering”,
11. Reddi, L. N. and Inyang, H. I., “Geoenvironmental Engineering: Principles
and Applications”, Marcel Dekker, New York.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
38
CEG10 205B REINFORCED EARTH AND GEOTEXTILES
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To introduce the concepts of geosynthetics and reinforced soil, design
and construction of Geotextiles and application of geosynthetics in pavements and
environmental control.
MODULE I
Introduction to Geosynthetics - Types – Geotextiles - polymer type geotextiles –
woven and non-woven geotextiles, geogrids, geonets, geo membranes and
geocomposites, functions and mechanisms in reinforcement, filtration, drainage,
liquid barrier, multiple functions - Materials and manufacturing processes Mechanical, endurance, hydraulic and degradation properties - Testing and
evaluation.
MODULE II
Principles of soil reinforcement - load transfer mechanism and strength development Design and construction of geosynthetic reinforced soil retaining structures - walls
and slopes, Codal provisions, Soil Bearing capacity improvement using reinforcing
elements.
Gabions - Design and construction of gabions walls - gabion faced reinforced soil
retaining structures.
MODULE III
Geosynthetics in pavements- Advantages and disadvantages of placing geosynthetics
in surfacing, base, sub base and sub grade layers, Embankments on soft soils,
Geosynthetics in roads and railways, separators, drainage and filtering in road
pavements, railway tracks, overlay design and constructions, trench drains
MODULE IV
Geosynthetics in Environmental control, liners for ponds and canals, covers and liners
for landfills, material aspects and stability considerations, landslides - occurrences and
methods of mitigation, Erosion causes, control and construction techniques.
References:
1. Robert M. Koerner, “Designing with Geosynthetics”, Prentice Hall,
Englewood Cliffs.
2. Venkatappa Rao G., Surry Narayana Raju G.V.S., “Engineering with
Geosynthetics”, Tata McGraw - Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi
39
3. Ingold, T.S, “Reinforced Earth”, Thomas Telford Ltd, London.
4. Mandal, J.N., “Reinforced Soil and Geotextiles”, Oxford and IBH Publishers
Co. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
40
CEG10 205C STABILITY ANALYSIS OF SLOPES AND EMBANKMENTS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To provide students with an understanding of landslide phenomenon,
analysis of slope stability, embankments and to familiarise them with practical
aspects of failures through case studies.
MODULE I
Landslide phenomenon: Types and causes of slope failures, Practical applications,
Stability analysis of infinite slopes with or without water pressures; Stability analysis
of finite and infinite slopes: concept of factor of safety.
MODULE II
Pore pressure coefficients, Mass analysis, Limit Equilibrium method, Wedge
methods, friction circle method; Method of slices, IS Method, Bishop’s method,
Jambu’s method.
MODULE III
Effect of seepage, Seepage analysis, Flownets, Stability conditions during
construction, Full reservoir and sudden drawdown - cut off walls – Trenches –
Importance of drainage and filters Design of slopes in cutting, Embankments and
Earth dams.
MODULE IV
Site Investigation of slopes, Reconnaissance, Preliminary and detailed investigation,
Investigation for foundations; Advances in stability analysis of slopes, Case studies
Failure and damages, Nature and importance of failures in embankment and
foundation - Piping, Differential settlement, Foundation slides, Earthquake damage,
creep and anisotropic effects, Reservoir wave action, Dispersive piping.
References:
1. Abramson L. W., Thomas S. Lee, Sharma S. and Boyce G M., “Slope Stability
and
Stabilization Methods”, Willey Interscience publications 10.
2. Das B. M., “Principles of Geotechnical Engineering”, Thomson Brooks/Cole.
3. Lambe T. W. and Whitman R .V., “Soil Mechanics”, John Wiley & sons.
4. Murthy V .N. S., “Principles of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering”,
UBS
41
5. IS: 7894 “Code of Practice for Stability Analysis of Earth Dams”, Bureau of
Indian Standards, New Delhi.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
42
CEG10 206 (P): SEMINAR
Credits: 2
Hours per week 2
Objective: To train the students to address to a group of people and to present
technical topics in a well organised manner to the audience. It is also intended for
improvement of communication skills of students, to make them confident in
expressing their views with clarity and to make them capable of taking part in
debates. This will help create self esteem and confidence that are essential for
engineers.
Individual students are required to choose a topic of their interest from the field of
geotechnical engineering, preferably from outside the M.Tech syllabus and give a
seminar on that topic for about 30 minutes. A committee consisting of at least three
faculty members (preferably specialized in geotechnical engineering) shall assess the
presentation of the seminar and award marks to the students. Each student shall
submit two copies of a write up of his/her seminar topic. One copy shall be returned
to the student after duly certifying it by the chairman of the assessing committee and
the other will be kept in the departmental library. Internal continuous assessment
marks are awarded based on the relevance of the topic, presentation skill, quality of
the report and participation.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
43
CEG10 207 (P) SOFTWARE LABORATORY
Credits: 2
Hours per week 2
Objective: To train students in the modeling and analysis of various geotechnical
problems using softwares currently being used in the industry. Students will also
become familiar with the approach for linear, non-linear finite element analysis
and contact modelling of soil-structure interaction analysis using the programs
GEO5, Plaxis and academic FEA bundles of MSC Software Corporation.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
1) Analysis of beams on Winkler medium.
2) Analysis of beams on elastic foundation.
3) Analysis of footings on elastic and elasto-plastic mediums.
4) Analysis of rafts on elastic and elasto-plastic mediums.
5) Analysis of piles on elastic and elasto-plastic mediums.
6) Seepage analysis of embankments / dams.
7) Stability analysis of slopes.
8) Analysis of piles using contact modeling.
9) Analysis of retaining structures using contact modeling.
10) Analysis of reinforced earth structures.
44
SEMESTER III
CEG10 301: ELECTIVE IV
CEG10 301A FORENSIC GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To introduce the concepts of project reconnaissance, forensic
geotechnical and foundation engineering.
MODULE I
Project reconnaissance and characterization of the distress, including document search
such as plans, codes, and other technical specifications followed in the original
design.
Diagnostic tests – Analysis of field data – selection of laboratory tests based on actual
field parameters to evaluate the behaviour of soil/ground.
MODULE II
Scope and extent of application of Forensic Engineering techniques in geotechnical
and foundation failure investigations, settlement of structures, expansive soils, lateral
movement, other geotechnical and foundation problems, groundwater and moisture
problems.
MODULE III
Back analysis: Selection of theoretical model - methods of analysis, Instrumentation
and Monitoring
Development of the most probable failure hypothesis - cross-check with original
design.
MODULE IV
Performing reliability checks, Legal issues involving jurisprudence system, insurance,
repairs, reducing potential liability, responsibility of geotechnical engineers and
contractors.
References:
1. Robert W. Day, “Forensic Geotechnical and Foundation Engineering” Mc Graw
Hill.
45
2. Malcolm D. Bolton, “A Guide to Soil Mechanics “Universities Press.
3. Saxena, D.S., "Technical, Ethical, and Legal Issues with Forensic Geotechnical
Engineering - A Case History", Proceedings, 13th Asian Regional Conference on
Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Kolkata, India, 11 December
2007.
4. Saxena, D.S., "Forensic Geotechnical Engineering Application to Coastal
Structures in Florida", Proceedings, International Symposium on Geotechnical
Engineering, Ground Improvement and Geosynthetics for Human Security and
Environmental Preservation, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok,
Thailand, 2007
5. Engineering, Ground Improvement and Geosynthetics for Human Security and
Environmental Preservation, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok,
Thailand, 6-7 December 2007.
6. Saxena, D.S., "Forensic (Geo-technical and Foundation) Engineering Case
History", National Academy of Forensic Engineers (NAFE) Seminar, Chicago,
Illinois, 10 July 2005.
7. Saxena, D.S., "Forensic Engineering in Applied Civil Engineering and GeoDomain", Fifth International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical
Engineering, New York, New York, 13-17 April 2004.
8. Saxena, D.S., "Geo-Technical and Geo-Forensic Case Histories", Department of
Geotechnical Engineering, IIT, Chennai, India, 11 March 2005.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
46
CEG10 301B SOIL EXPLORATION AND FIELD TESTING
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To familiarize the students with principles of exploration, geophysical
methods, modern methods of drilling, sampling, offshore investigation and
instrumentation.
MODULE I
Principles of exploration - geophysical methods – electrical method, seismic method,
and sounding methods. field tests - penetration tests, procedures and methods, data
interpretation, field vane shear, In-situ shear and bore hole shear test, pressure meter
test, utility, correction and data interpretation, plate load test–monotonic and cyclic;
field permeability test.
MODULE II
Modern methods of boring and drilling, exploration techniques, non-displacement and
displacement methods, drilling in difficult subsoil conditions, stabilization of
boreholes, bore logs.
MODULE III
Soil Sampling - disturbed and undisturbed soil sampling, advanced sampling
techniques, offshore sampling, types of samplers, design criteria for samplers,
preservation and handling of samples.
MODULE IV
Investigation below sea/river bed – methods and equipments – interpretation of offshore
exploration, Instrumentation in soil engineering - strain gauges - resistance and
inductance type - load cells, earth pressure cells - settlement and heave gauges piezometers and slope indicators - inclinometer, case studies, data and report
preparation.
References:
1. Bowles, J.E., “Physical and Geotechnical Properties of Soils”, McGraw-Hill
Book Company.
2. Bowles, J.E., “Foundation Analysis and Design”, McGraw-Hill New York,
N.Y., USA.
47
3. Dunnicliff, J. and Green, G.E., “Geotechnical Instrumentation for Monitoring
Field Performance”, John Wiley & Sons, New York, N.Y., USA.
4. Gopal Ranjan and Rao, A.S.R., “Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics”, Wiley
Eastern Limited, New Delhi.
5. Lunne, T., Robertson, P.K. and Powell, J.J.M., “Cone Penetration Testing in
Geotechnical Practice”, Blackie Academic & Professional, London.
6. Pansu M, Gautheyrou J., Loyer J. Y., “Soil Analysis” Taylor and Francis
7. Burt G. Look “Handbook of Geotechnical Investigation and Design Tables
Taylor & Francis Group
8. Roy E. Hunt “Geotechnical Engineering Investigation handbook” CRC Press
9. Ulrich Smotczyk “Geotechnical Engineering Handbook Vol 1, 2 & 3 “Wiley
Publications
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
48
CEG10 301C MODELLING, SIMULATION & COMPUTER APPLICATIONS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To make the students understand systems and models, validation of
simulation and probability distributions.
MODULE I
Systems and Models: Fundamentals of systemic approach, System modelling,
Classification of models, Model structure, Linear, non-linear, time-invariant, timevariant models, State-space models, Distributed parameter models, System Synthesis,
Direct and Inverse Problems, Role of optimization, Role of computers. Examples
from Civil Engineering. Preliminary Data Processing; Regression Analysis: Linear
and Multiple Regression Analysis, Analysis of Residues, Tests of goodness of fit.
MODULE II
Parsimony criterion Spatial Distribution: Polynomial surfaces, Krigging, Spline
functions, Cluster Analysis, Numerical Production of Contour Maps Time Series
Analysis: Auto-cross correlation analysis, Identification of trend, Spectral analysis,
Identification of dominant cycles, Smoothening techniques. Filters, Forecasting
Model Building: Choice of Model Structure: A priori considerations, Selection based
upon preliminary data analysis, comparing model structures Model Calibration: Role
of historical data. Direct and Indirect methods of solving Inverse problem.
MODULE III
Validation Simulation: Random variables: Basic concepts, Probability density and
distribution functions, Expectation and standard deviation of discrete and continuous
random variables and their functions, Covariance and correlation.
MODULE IV
Commonly used theoretical Probability distributions (uniform, normal, binomial,
Poisson's and negative exponential), Fitting distributions to raw data, KolmogrovSmirnov's tests of the goodness of fit, central limit theorem, various algorithms for
generation of Random numbers. Queueing theory: Elements, Deterministic queues,
Applications Monte Carlo simulation: Basic concepts, Generation of synthetic
observations. Statistical interpretation of the output, Evaluation of definite integrals,
Role in Civil Engineering, Examples.
49
Lab Work - Each student/a group of students shall conduct computer aided modelling
and simulation studies on a civil engineering system of his/their interest.
References:
1. Desai, C.S. and Christian, J.T., “Numerical Methods on Geotechnical
Engineering”, McGraw Hill, New York, N.Y., USA.
2. Hornbeck, R.W., “Numerical Methods”, Quantum Publishers, New York,
N.Y., USA.
3. Christian P. R., George C., “Monte Carlo statistical methods” Springer, 2004.
4. Edgar H. C., David A. H. and Jerome V. S., “Probability Distributions”
Addison-Wesley.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
50
CEG10 302: ELECTIVE V
CEG10 302A EARTHQUAKE GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To enable the students understand the basics of earthquake seismology
and related aspects, ground response analysis, liquefaction and seismic slope
stability analysis.
MODULE I
Earthquake seismology - Causes of earthquake, Continual drift and plate tectonics,
Earthquake fault sources, Seismic waves, Elastic rebound theory, Quantification of
earthquake, Intensity and magnitudes, Earthquake source models.
Earthquake ground motion - Seismograph, Characteristics of ground motion, Effect of
local site conditions on ground motions, Design earthquake, Design spectra,
Development of site specification and code based design.
MODULE II
Ground response analysis - One dimensional ground response analysis, Linear
approaches, Equivalent linear approximation of non-linear approaches. Use of any
software for analysis of structures under earthquake loading.
MODULE III
Liquefaction and lateral spreading - Liquefaction related phenomena, liquefaction
susceptibility - historical, geological, compositional and state criteria. Evaluation of
liquefaction by cyclic stress and cyclic strain approaches, lateral deformation and
spreading, criteria for mapping liquefaction hazard zones. Seismic design of
foundations - Seismic design requirements for foundation, Seismic bearing capacity,
Seismic settlement, Design loads.
MODULE IV
Seismic slope stability analysis - Internal stability and weakening instability, seismic
design of retaining walls - design consideration, dynamic response of retaining walls,
seismic displacement of retaining walls.
References:
1. Steven. C. Kramer, “A text Book on Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”,
Prentice hall International series
51
2. Das, B. M., “A text Book on principles of soil Dynamics”, Brooks, Code.
3. Prakash, S., “A text Book on soil Dynamics”, Tata McGraw Hill.
4. Kramer S.L., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”, Prentice Hall, New
Jersery.
5. Seco E Pinto ,“Seismic behaviour of ground and Geotechnical structures”,
A.A.Balkener, Rotterdam
6. Naeim F., “The seismic design Handbook”, Kluwer Academic Publication,
London, 2nd Edition.
7. Bolt B.A., “Earthquakes”, W.H.Freeman and Company, New York, 4th
Edition
8. Lourie W., “Fundamentals of geophysics”, Cambridge university press, UK
9. Wang J.G.Z.Q. and Tim Law J.K., “Siting in Earthquake zones”,
A.A.Balkener, Rotterdam
10. Ferrito J.M., “Seismic design criteria for soil liquefaction”, Tech. Report of
Naval Facilities service center, Port Hueneme, California.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
52
CEG10 302B SHELL FOUNDATIONS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To provide knowledge in basic geometrical aspects in shell foundations,
geotechnical design, membrane and bending analysis, ultimate strength analysis,
structural design and construction of shell foundation and make aware about the
latest trends in this area.
MODULE I
Shells in Foundations: -Geometrical Aspects –shell as a structural form, structural
efficiency of shells, Classification of shells, shells in structural foundations, Different
types of shells used in foundations, Use of shell foundations
Geotechnical Design of Shell Foundations and Soil-Structure Interaction –
Introduction, the two phases of foundation design, geotechnical design of shell
foundations ,Geotechnical design of a hypar shell footing in clay and sand, soil
structure interaction models, contact pressures under shell foundations.
MODULE II
Membrane Analysis of Foundation Shells-Introduction, General system of loads on
foundations, Real and pseudo stress resultants, membrane stresses in foundation
shells- hyperbolic paraboloid, Introduction to conical shells, Elliptic paraboloidal
shell.
Bending Analysis of Foundation Shells- Introduction, Approximate solution
(Vreendenburgh’s analysis), Rigorous solutions, Numerical solutions, bending
analysis of hyperbolic paraboloidal umbrella footing, Gioncu’s analysis, Experimental
investigations, Finite element technique.
MODULE III
Ultimate Strength Analysis of Foundation Shells – Introduction, Ultimate strength of
hyperbolic paraboloidal Individual footings, Failure hypothesis, Derivation of an
expression for the ultimate strength of a square hypar footing based on ‘diagonal
failure mechanism’, Limitations, Simplified expression for the internal work by the
shell, Influence of contact pressure distribution on ultimate strength, Derivation of an
expression for the ultimate strength of the hypar footing for “ridge failure”, Test
results, Model Tests.
MODULE IV
Structural design of shell foundation – Introduction, limit state design of shell
foundations, design of hyperbolic paraboloidal shell foundations, critical sections,
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structural efficiency of shells in foundations, comparative cost analysis of shell
foundations.
Construction of Shell Foundations – Introduction, In-situ construction, Precast
construction, Installation, Remote compaction of the core soil below the precast shell
footings, Industrial production, Case histories, other uses of shells in substructure
Research on Shell Foundations – Latest trends in Shell Foundations, Model studies.
References:
1. Nainan P.Kurian., “Shell Foundations Geometry, Analysis and Construction”,
Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi.
2. Nainan P.Kurian., “Design of foundation systems: principles and practices.”
Third edition, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi.
3. Varghese P.C., “Design of Reinforced Concrete Foundations” PHI Learning
Pvt. Ltd.
4. Leonards G. A .,“ Foundation Engineering “ Mc Graw Hill , NY
5. Brahman S. P., “ Foundation Engineering” Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing
House, New Delhi.
6. Tomlinson M.J., “Foundation Design and Construction” Prentice Hall.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question Pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
54
CEG10 302C REMOTE SENSING AND GIS
Credits: 4
Hours per week: Lecture-3 and Tutorial-1
Objective: To provide a comprehensive treatise on Remote Sensing and the
Geographic Information System.
MODULE I
Remote sensing - Fundamentals: Definition - Scope - types and chronological
development – ideal and real remote sensing system. Comparison of conventional
survey, aerial remote sensing and satellite remote sensing - advantages and limitation
of satellite remote sensing.
EMR and Remote Sensing: Energy sources - Electro Magnetic Radiation – Spectral
regions - Energy Interaction in the atmosphere - atmospheric windows – Energy
Interaction with earth surface features - spectral reflectance patterns for different
region of EMR. Factors affecting remote sensing signatures. Platforms – data capture
types and systems - data recording method.
MODULE II
Remote Sensors: Electro-optical sensor systems - LANSAT, SPOT, IRS and IKONS
sensors - scanning and orbiting mechanisms - resolution: spatial, spectral, radiometric
and temporal resolution of the satellites.
Multi concepts in remote sensing Other resources satellite programs of the world need for geostationary satellite programs - sensor characteristics - meteorological,
ocean monitoring and telecommunication satellites.
MODULE III
GIS and spatial data: Definition - maps and spatial information - components of GIS people and GIS, Geographic data presentation - maps – mapping process – coordinate
systems – transformations – map projections – geo referencing - data acquisition,
spatial and attributes data modeling and management - spatial entities
Geographic Data Representation, Storage, Quality and Standards: Storage - Digital
representation of data, Data structures and database management systems – Raster
data representation – Vector data representation – Concepts and definitions of data
quality – Components of data quality – Assessment of data quality
MODULE IV
GIS Data Processing, Analysis and Modeling: Raster based GIS data processing –
Vector based GIS data processing – Queries – Spatial analysis – Descriptive statistics
55
– Spatial autocorrelation – Quadrant counts and nearest neighbour analysis – Network
analysis – Surface modeling – DTM.
GIS Applications: (in one of the following areas using any GIS Software)
Applications of GIS in Environment monitoring, Land information, Geotechnical
engineering
References:
1. Anji Reddy, M., Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems,
B.S.Publications, Hyderabad.
2. Lo, C.P. & Yeung A.K.W., Concepts and Techniques of Geographic
Information Systems, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.
3. Burrough, P.A., Principles of Geographical Information Systems, Oxford
Publication.
4. Clarke, K., Getting Started with Geographic Information Systems, Prentice
Hall, New Jersy.
5. DeMers, M.N., Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, John
Wiley & Sons, New York.
6. Geo Information Systems – Applications of GIS and Related Spatial
Information Technologies, ASTER Publication Co., Chestern (England).
7. Jeffrey, S. & John E., Geographical Information System – An Introduction,
Prentice-Hall.
8. Marble, D.F., Galkhs HW & Pequest, Basic Readings in Geographic
Information Systems, Sped System Ltd., New York.
Internal continuous assessment: 100 marks
Internal continuous assessment is in the form of periodical tests, assignments,
seminars or a combination of all whichever suit best. There will be minimum of two
tests per subject. The assessment details are to be announced to students right at the
beginning of the semester by the teacher.
End semester Examination: 100 marks
Question pattern
Two questions of 20 mark each from each module and Answer any 5 questions by
choosing at least one question from each module.
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Question 1 : 20 marks
Question 3 : 20 marks
Question 5 : 20 marks
Question 7 : 20 marks
Question 2 : 20 marks
Question 4 : 20 marks
Question 6 : 20 marks
Question 8 : 20 marks
56
CEG10 303 (P): INDUSTRIAL TRAINING
Credits: 1
Hours per week -30 (during the period of training)
The students have to undergo an industrial training of minimum two weeks in an
industry during the break after semester II and the training shall be completed within
15 calendar days from the start of semester III. The students shall submit a report of
the training undergone and present the contents of the report before the evaluation
committee for the End Semester Examination. Evaluation committee will award the
marks for the End Semester Examination in industrial training based on training
quality, contents of the report and presentation.
End semester examination: Marks 50
57
CEG10 304(P): MASTER RESEARCH PROJECT PHASE 1
Credits: 6
Hours per week: 22
Objective: To improve the professional competency and research aptitude by
touching the areas which are not covered by theory or laboratory classes. The
project work aims to develop the work practice in students to apply theoretical and
practical tools/techniques to solve real life problems related to industry and current
research.
The project work can be a design project/experimental project and or computer
simulation project on any of the topics in GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING or
related topics. The project work is allotted individually on different topics. As far as
possible the students shall be encouraged to do their project work in the parent
institute itself. If found essential, they may be permitted to do their project outside the
parent institute subject to the conditions in clause 10 of M.Tech regulations.
Department will constitute an Evaluation Committee to review the project work. The
student is required to undertake the Master Research Project (Phase 1) during the third
semester and the same is continued in the 4th semester (Phase 2). Phase 1 consists of
preliminary thesis work, two reviews of the work and the submission of preliminary
report. First review assesses the topic, objectives, methodology and expected results.
Second review evaluates the progress of the work, preliminary report and scope of the
work which is to be completed in the 4th semester. The Evaluation committee consists
of at least three faculty members of which internal guide and another expert in the
specified area of the project shall be two essential members.
Internal Continuous Assessment:
Guide
First review
Second review
50
100
Total: 300 marks
58
Evaluation
committee
50
100
SEMESTER IV
CEG10 401 (P): MASTERS RESEARCH PROJECT PHASE 2
Credits: 12
Hours per week: 30
Objective: To improve the professional competency and research aptitude by
touching the areas which are not covered by theory or laboratory classes. The
project work aims to develop the work practice in students to apply theoretical and
practical tools/techniques to solve real life problems related to industry and current
research.
Master Research Project Phase 2 is a continuation of project phase 1 started in
the third semester. Towards the end of the semester there would be a pre submission
presentation before the evaluation committee to assess the quality and quantum of the
work done. This would be a pre qualifying exercise for the students for getting
approval by the departmental committee for the submission of the thesis. At least one
technical paper is to be prepared for possible publication in journal or conference. The
technical paper is to be submitted along with the thesis. The final evaluation of the
project will be external.
Internal Continuous Assessment:
Guide
First review
Second review
50
100
Evaluation
committee
50
100
End Semester Examination:
Project Evaluation by external examiner: 150 marks
Viva Voce by external / internal examiner: 150 marks (75 each)
Total: 600 marks
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