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UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY IV Semester B.Sc Counselling Psychology

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UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY IV Semester B.Sc Counselling Psychology
School of Distance Education
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
(2011 Admn. onwards)
IV Semester
Complementary Course for B.Sc Counselling Psychology
PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Question Bank & Answer Key
Choose the correct Answer from the bracket.
1. ------------------- is the tendency to eat in response to negative emotions.
a. Binge eating
b. Emotional eating
c.
d. Over eating
Dieting
2. Feeding center is a group of cells in the _______________that when stimulated cause a
sensation of hunger.
a. lateral hypothalamus
b. cerebral cortex
c. mid brain
d. ventromedial hypothalamus
3. A chronic lack of nutritious food can cause various illnesses, and will eventually lead to
______________.
a. Depression
b. Misfunction
c.
d. Suppression
Starvation
4. Damage to the lateral hypothalamus may lead to a condition known as ______________.
a. Anorexia nervosa
b. Bulimia
c. Frölich's syndrome
d. Cohen syndrome
5. ________________also determine food intake in the long-term and are important in
maintaining energy balance over a nutritionally significant interval.
a. Metabolic signals
b. Cephalic signals
c. Gastrointestinal signals
d. Intestinal signals
6. Russek first proposed the ____________as a site where changes in metabolism are
detected to control feeding behavior,
a. Intestine
b. Liver
c. Thalamus
d. Hormone
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7. The _______________is a key hypothalamic nucleus in the regulation of appetite.
a. CART
b. NPY
c.
d. PVN
ARC
8. Lesioning of the __________________reduces bodyweight.
a. LHA
b. MCH
c. VMN
d. NPY
9. The __________________has also recently been described as the site of a novel
hypothalamic appetite-regulatory circuit involving triiodothyronine (T3).
a. LHA
b. MCH
c. VMN
d. NPY
10. The ______________ postulates that certain ethnic groups may be more prone to obesity
in an equivalent environment.
a. Glucostatic hypothesis
b. lipostatic hypothesis
c.
d. Thrifty gene hypothesis
Russek’s studies
11. ______________is produced by adipose tissue to signal fat storage reserves in the body,
and mediates long-term appetitive controls,
a. Leptin
b. Ghrelin
c. Orexin
d. PYY 3-36
12. Excessive thirst, known as polydipsia, along with excessive urination, known as polyuria,
may be an indication of ___________.
a. Renal problems
b. Diabetes
c. Starvation
d. seizures
13. _______________________sense a decreased blood volume, and signal to area postrema and
nucleus tractus solitarius as well.
a. Arterial baroreceptors
b. Subfornical organ
c.
d. Cardiopulmonary receptors
renin angiotensin system (RAS)
14. Psychologists classify ___________as a drive, a basic compelling urge that motivates
action.
a. Starving
b. Thirst
c.
d. Sleep
Hunger
15. The stages of sleep were first described in 1937 by ______________________.
a. Alfred Lee Loomis
b. Edward Adolph
c.
d. Jenny Craig
Clark Hull
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16. Cortical ablation effects on learning and retention was studies by-------------(a) Watson
(b) Woodworth
(c) Johnson
(d) Lashley
17. The principle of--------------action states that the cortex acts as a whole in learning.
(a) Cell
(b) Neuron
(c) Unit
(d) Mass
18. Emotion was a conscious state that resulted from sensed emotional behaviour and
visceral reaction:
(a) Cannon-Bard
(b) William James
(c) Young
(d) Arnold
19. -----------------and--------------have proposed that emotional behaviour and experience are
initiated by the cortex and merely carried out by the hypothalamus.
(a) Cannon and Bard
(b) Freeman and Arnold
(c) Papez and Arnold
(d) James and Lange
20. --------suggested a circuit from the entorbinal cortex to the hippocampus, then to
hypothalamus via the fornix, from there to the anterior thalamus, and finally to the
cingulated gyrus involved in emotional experience.
(a) Schacter
(b) Cannon
(c) James
(d) Papez
21. An instruments that measures several emotional responses controlled by the ANS:
(a) Ergograph
(b) Polygraph
(c) Tathistoscope
(d) Mayograph
22. -------is the oldest areas of the cerebral cortex, originally devoted to smell
(a) Paleocortex
(b) amydala
(c) Premotor area
(d) Perelymph
23. --------------is a hypersexed behaviour resulted from bilateral removal of the temporal
lobes
(a) Hysteria
(b) Hypoglycemia
(c) Kliver-Bucy syndrome
(d) Myopia
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Match the following
24. Emergency theory
-
(a) Pavlov
25. Glandular conditioning
-
(b) Russel
26. Retroactive inhibition
-
(c) Meat Miller
27. Random brain activity
-
(d) Cannon
28. Classical conditioning
-
(e) Muller and Pilzecter
29. The role of hippocampus on short term memory was studies by----------------(a) Penfield
(b) Pilzeck
(c) Russel
(d) Pavlov
30. ----------------conducted that consolidation is a “time-dependent process that is essential to
the formation of long-term memory”
(a) Russel
(b) Muller
(c) Penfield
(d) McGaugh
31. --------------model proposed that interference patterns among the firing or slow potentials
of many cells forms the mechanism by means of which memories are impressed and
expressed.
(a) Axon
(b) Consolidation
(c) Fundav
(d) Hologram
32. The concept that phylogenetically newer and more complex parts of the brain take over,
or dominate, the functioning of older parts of the brain, is termed as:
(a) Encephalization
(b) habituation
(c) consolidation
(d) perseveration
33. Physical changes in the brain that are presumed to result from learning
(a) Engram
(b) Floral
(b) End feet
(d) Cupula
34. ---------------is the removal of part of brain
(a) Delation
(b) Ablation
(c) Lesion
(d) Ageutia
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35. -----------------fibers connecting the cerebral hemispheres, such as those of the corpus
collosum and anterior and posterior
(a) Corpus striatum
(b) Commissural
(c) Coccygeal
(d) Gaglion
36. ---------------are the striped bodies; subcortical centers within the cerebral hemispheres,
consisting of alternating layers of gray and white matter
(a) Corpus striatum
(b) Corpus luteum
(c) Commissural fibers
(d) Corpus collosum
37. Sickled -shaped band of crossing nerve fibers that connect the cerebral hemispheres, is
(a) Corticobulbar tract
(b) Corpus striatum
(c) Corpus Callosum
(d) Corpus luteum
38. -----is the principle that any part of the cortex can serve as well as any other part in
learning.
(a) Two-phase
(b) Purkinjee
(c) Parkinson’s
(d) Equipotentiality
39. Impairment in language skills, usually caused by brain damage is;
(a) Aphagia
(b) Aphasia
(c) Alaxia
(d) Amensia
40. Loss of attention to a stimulus caused by repetition, or lack of novelty, is
(a) Gastrula
(b) Habituation
(c) Hypoxia
(d) Cupula
41. Experimental studies in visceral and glandular conditioning put forth by
(a) Pavlov
(b) Skinner
(c) Neal Miller
(d) Watson
42. According to the ---hypothesis, the process of laying down a permanent memory trace
that is caused by perseveration of neural activity after practice
(a) Two-phase
(b) Single-phase
(c) Conduction
(d) Reflex model
43. The process of laying down a permanent memory trace that is caused by preservation
(a) Convergence
(b) Consolidation
(c) Correlation
(d) Contraction
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44. ------------is the brain activity that follows practice, is the basis for immediate memory.
(a) Contraction
(b) Perseveration
(c) Conduction
(d) Posttatanic
45. An instrument that measures several emotional responses such as the GSR, breathing,
heart rate, and blood pressure;
(a) Pneumograph
(b) Myograph
(c) Polygraph
(d) Pilomotor
46. -------aphasia results from damage to a specific area of th left frontal lobe, just anterior to
the lower end
(a) Wernicker’s
(b) Gazzaniga’s
(c) Broca’s
(d) Bartlett’s
47. According to---------theory, diffuse sympathetic discharge prepares an animal for fight or
flight, both highly emotional responses.
(a) Central
(b) Cognitive
(c) Evolutionary
(d) Emergency
48. --------------argues emotion was a conscious state that resulted from sensed emotional
behaviour and visceral reactions.
(a) William James
(b) J. B. Watson
(c) P. T. Young
(d) Arnold
49. Activation Theory of emotion was proposed by
(a) J. B. Watson
(b) Arnold
(c) P. T. Young
(d) Lindsley
50. Central theory of emotion was proposed by
(a) William James
(b) Young
(c) Canon
(d) Aronold
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ANSWER KEY
Q.NO
ANS
Q.NO
ANS
Q.NO
ANS
Q.NO
ANS
Q.NO
ANS
Q.NO
ANS
Q.NO
ANS
Q.NO
ANS
1
b
2
a
3
c
4
c
5
a
6
b
7
c
8
a
9
c
10
d
11
a
12
b
13
d
14
b
15
a
16
d
17
d
18
a
19
b
20
d
21
b
22
a
23
c
24
d
25
c
26
e
27
b
28
a
29
a
30
c
31
d
32
a
33
a
34
b
35
b
36
a
37
c
38
d
39
c
40
b
41
c
42
a
43
b
44
b
45
c
46
c
47
d
48
a
49
d
50
c
@
Reserved
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