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The Systems of Indian Philosophy BA Philosophy UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT Core Course

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The Systems of Indian Philosophy BA Philosophy UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT Core Course
School of Distance Education
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
BA Philosophy
(2011 Admission Onwards)
V Semester
Core Course
The Systems of Indian Philosophy
QUESTION BANK
1. The etymological meaning of the world philosophy is
a) Love of Soul
c) Love of truth
b) Love of learing
d) None of these
2. The keynote of all schools of Indian philosophy is
a) Know the self
c) Know the god
b) Atman
d) None of these
3. The goal of all schools of Indian philosophy is
a) Self –realization
c) Annihilation of pain
b) Wisdom
d) None of these
4. The veda is etymologically related to
a) Vid
b) Scripture
c) Love of learning
d) None of these
5. The Vedas are held to be apauruseya because they are
a) Invented by the risis
c) Human origin
b) Revealed to the risis
d) None of these
6. Each veda consists of -------------------- parts
a) Three
c) Two
b) Four
d) One
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7. Mantras and the Brahmanas constitute
a) Jnana kanda
c) Knowledge
b) Karma Kanda
d) None of these
8. RK, Yajur, Sama and Atharva are
a) Different Samhitas
b) Different parts of the Veda
c) Different Brahman
d) None of these
9. The ------------------------- are the earliest document of the Aryan mind
a) Vedas
c) Sruthi
b) Sutras
d) None of these
10.
Vid means to
a) Truth
b) Knowledge
11.
Aranyakas and the Upanisads constitute
a) Jnanakanda
c) Karma kanda
b) Rituals
d) None of these
12.
The ----------------- were the last literary products of the vedic period
a) Upanisads
c) Brhmans
b) Aranyakas
d) None of these
13.
The appendages to the Brahmanas are called
a) Upanisads
c) Mantras
b) Aranyakas
d) None of these
14.
The Sanskrit term for philosophy is
a) Darsana
c) Love of wisdom
b) Love of learning
d) None of these
15.
Sruti means
a) Memory
b) Smriti
16.
The collection of the mantras is called
a) Samhita
c) Brahmana
b) Upanisads
d) Veda
17.
The Brahamanas are written in
a) Poem
b) Prose
18.
-------------------- Samhita is regarded as the oldest and also the most
important
a) Sama
c) RK
b) Yajur
d) None of these
The Systems of Indian Philosophy
c) False knowledge
d) None of these
c) That which is heard
d) None of these
c) Hymns
d) None of these
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19.
The Upanisads are also known as
a) Veda
b) Brahmana
20.
The mantra portion has been called religion of Nature
a) Of the poets
c) Of the philosophers
b) Of the priest
d) None of these
21.
The mantras inculcate a form of
a) Nature worship
b) God worship
c) Worship of rta
d) None of these
22.
Henotheism means
a) Belief in God
b) Belief in one only God
c) Belief in reality
d) None of these
23.
Belief in many gods is known as
a) Polytheism
b) Henotheism
c) monotheism
d) monism
24.
The whole of existence is reduced to one fundamental reality is called
a) Polytheism
c) Monism
b) Monotheism
d) None of these
25.
The first period of Indian philosophy is called
a) Vedic
c) Sutra
b) Epic
d) Scholastic
26.
Sama Means a
a) Verse
b) Song
27.
Some times the Vedas are referred to only as
a) Trayi
c) Two
b) Four
d) None of these
28.
The essence of the vedic hymns is the philosophy of
a) Monotheism
c) Polytheism
b) Spiritualistic monism
d) None of these
29.
A transitional stage from polytheism to monotheism is
a) Henotheism
c) Spiritualism
b) Monism
d) None of these
30.
------------------ is the guardian of the moral law
a) Indra
c) Agni
b) Varuna
d) None of these
31.
The god who vanguishes evil
The Systems of Indian Philosophy
c) Vedanta
d) None of these
c) Prose
d) None of these
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a) Varuna
b) Agni
c) Indra
d) None of these
32.
Natural occurrences are attribute to supernatural causes in
a) Monotheism
c) Polytheism
b) Monism
d) None of these
33.
According to Macdonnel henotheism is
a) An appearance
c) Reality
b) God
d) None of these
34.
The highest spiritual truth is expressed in ---------- form in vedic hymns
a) Two form
c) Three form
b) One form
d) None of these
35.
The highest spiritual truth expressed in Vedic hymns are
a) Monism & Polytheism
c) Polytheism & Monotheism
b) Monotheism & Monism
d) None of these
36.
The Brahmanas are the work of the
a) Poets
c) Priests
b) Philosopher
d) None of these
37.
The hymns are the creation of the
a) Poets
b) Philosopher
38.
The Upanisads are the meditation of the
a) Poets
c) Priests
b) Philosopher
d) None of these
39.
The mantras in its present form dates from
a) 500 B.C
c) 600 B.C
b) 400 B.C
d) 300 B.C
40.
Brahmanas form the ------------------ part of the Vedas
a) First part
c) Third part
b) Second part
d) Fourth part
41.
The teachings of the Upanisads represents
a) The goal of the veda
c) Meditation
b) Reality
d) None of these
42.
Monotheism means
a) Many Gods were reduced to one God
b) The whole of existence is reduced to one
c) Multiplicity of Gods
d) None of these
The Systems of Indian Philosophy
c) Priests
d) None of these
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43.
The fourth period of Indian philosophy is called
a) Scholastic period
c)Vedic period
b) Epic period
d) None of these
44.
The school of logic is
a) Nyaya System
b) Vaisesika
c) Sankhya System
d) None of these
45.
Patanjali is the founder of
a) Yoga school
b) Sankhya school
c) Nyaya
d) None of these
46.
The ---------------- School is known as Indian materialism
a) Buddhism
c) Jainism
b) Carvaka
d) None of these
47.
Astikas are those which
a) Accept vedic authority
b) Reject vedic authority
c) Reject God
d) None of these
48.
Nastikan are those which
a) Reject vedic authority
b) Accept vedic authority
c) Reject god
d) None of these
49.
The first systematic teatise on Vedanta is Badarayana’s
a) Nyaya Sutra
c) Mimamsa sutra
b) Brahma sutra
d) None of these
50.
Mimamsa sutra is written by
a) Gotama
b) Kapila
51.
The number of Pranamas accepted by Carvaka
a) One
b) Two
c) Six
c) Jaimini
d) None of these
d) None of these
52 According to Carvaka existence of an object is determined by
a) Perception
b) inference
c)authority
d) analogy
53 Which among the following schools holds that matter is the only reality
a) Jainism
b) Carvaka
c) Buddhism
d) None of these
54 According to Carvaka the Valid Source of knowledge is
a) Perception
b) Inferences
c) Sabda
d) None of these
55 Who among the following philosophers said inference is a mere leap in
the dark
a) Jaina
b) Carvaka
c) Budha
d) None of these
56 Carvaka accepts moksa as
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a) The end of this life
b) Cessation of suffering
c) ananda
d) None of these
57.
The carvaka school of philosophy represent
a) atheism and materialism
c) naturalism
b) Spriritualism
d) None of these
58.
Which among the following schools rejects anumana as a valid source of
knowledge
a) Buddhism
b) Jainism
c) Carvaka
d) None of these
59.
According to carvaka the purusarthas are
a) Artha and Kama
c) dharma
b) Moksa
d) Moksa and dharma
60. According to Carvaka, the soul is
a) The conscious body
b) matter
c) Life
d) None of these
61. The liberation according to Carvaka means
a) Death alone
c) Knowledge
b) Cessation of suffering
d) None of these
62. The traditional founder of the Carvaka school is
a) Brhaspati
b)Gautama
c) Mahavira
63. Carvaka gives importance to
a) Wealth and enjoyment
b) Virtue
d) None of these
c)Liberation
d) None of these
64. How many Tirthankaras are there in Jainism
a)24
b) 25
c) 23
d) None of these
65. Manaparyaya means
a) Telepathy
b) Clairvoyance
c)Omniscient knowledge
d) None of these
66. Syad avaktaryam means
a) Indescribable b) Real
c) Unreal
d) None of these
67. In syadvada the word syad means
a) May be
b) Judgment
c) Justice
d) None of these
68. Saptabhanginaya or Syadvada is a doctrine related to
a) Jainism
b) Buddhism
c) Carvaka
69. Anekantha Vada means
a) Manyness of God
b)Manyness of reality
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d) None of these
c) Manyness of things
d) Manyness of individuals
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70. To which Naya the real is momentary
a) Vyavaharanaya
c) Sangrahanaya
b) Naigamanaya
d) Rjusutranaya
71. Syad-astika-nastica-avaktavyam
a) A thing is real
b) A thing is unreal
c) A thing is real, unreal and indescribable
d) None of these
72. According to Jainism time is
a) Asti-kaya, dravlya
b) Anasti-kaya dravya
c) Jiva
d) None of these
73. According to Jainsas, the essential character of the soul is
a) Consciousness
c) Meditation
b) Thinking
d) None of these
74. The term ‘jina’ means
a) Conqueror
b) Teacher
c) Shedart
75. Kevalajnana means
a) Partial knowledge
b) Absolute knowledge
c) Limited knowledge
d) None of these
76. According to Jainism matijnana is
a) Mediate knowledge
b) Immediate knowledge
c) Universal knowledge
d) Partial knowledge
d) None of these
77. In Jainism the term Asti-kaya means
a) Space occupying
c) Property
b) Physical body
d) None of these
78. The term Dharma in Jaina metaphysics signifies
a) Substances
b) Movement
c) Essence
79. In Jains philosophy ajiva includes
a) Matter, motion, rest
b) Motion and rest
d) None of these
b)Space & time
d) Matter and space
80. According to Jaina’s, the conditions of movement and rest are
a) Dharma and adharma
c) Kala and akasa
b) Pudgala
d) Jiva
81.Anekanthavada is the theory of
a) Buddhism
b) Jainism
The Systems of Indian Philosophy
c) Carvaka
d) None of these
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82.Jaina metaphysics can be kept under
a) Realism
b) Realistic and relativistic pluralism
c) Pluralism
d) None of these
83. Syadvada is the theory of
a) Judgment
b) Truth
c) Error
d) None of these
84. Liberation according to Jainism is the joint effect of triratnas. These
triratnas are
a) Right faith
b) Right knowledge
c) Right conduct
d)Right faith, right knowledge and right conduct
85. Erroneous knowledge ‘Samsaya’ effects
a) Mati and sruti
c) Manaparyaya
b) Avadhi
d) Avadhi
86. There is a path which leads to the cessation of suffering is known as
a)Dukha
c) Dukha-Nirodha marga
b) Dukha Nirodha
d) None of these
87. The first noble truth of Buddhism is
a) Dukha
c) Moksa
b) dukhaa samudaya
d) Nirvana
88. According to Buddhism the root- cause of suffering is
a) Wisdom
c) Merit
b) Ignorance
d) None of these
89. Ksanikavada is the doctrine of
a)Manyness b) Momentariness
c) Absolute
d) None of these
90. The teachings of Buddha is primarily
a) Ethical
c) Epistemological
b) Metaphysical
d) None of these
91. All the teachings of Buddhism centre round
a) Four-noble truth
c) Suffering
b) Dukha
d) None of these
92. Pratitya samupada is related to
a) First-noble truth
b) second noble truth
c) third noble truth
d) none of these
93. In Buddhism, the cessation of suffering is known as
a) Nirvana
b) Death
c) Heaven
The Systems of Indian Philosophy
d) Pleasure
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94. In Buddhism, the means to attain Nirvana is known as
a) Astankikamarga
c) Astangayoga
b) Triratna
d) none of these
95. Which among the following expresses the triratna in Buddhism
a) Buddha, dhamma, sangha
b) Knowledge, faith and conduct
c) Dharma, artha and kama
d) None of these
96. Buddha’s theory regarding the self is known as
a) Nairatmyavada
c) Advaitavada
b) Visistavada
d) None of these
97. Pratitya samutpada is also known as
a) Bhavacakra
c) Dharmacakra
b) Samsaracakra
d) All of these
98. Who among the following hold the view of ethical idealism
a) Buddha
b) Mahavira
c) Gotama
d) Kapila
99. Gautama Buddha is the profounder of
a) Madhyama marga or middle path
b) Vcchedavada
c) Sasvatavada
d) None of these
100. The metaphysics of Jainism rests on the following external categories
a)
b) Dharma and adharma
c) Atman
b) Jiva and ajiva
d) None of these
101. According to Sankhya, Prakrti in its precreative state is
a) Static
b) dynamic
c) passive
d) none of these
102. According to Sankhya, Purusa is
a) Svarga
b) enjoyment
c) inert
d) none of the above
103.The ideal of yoga is
a) Svarga
b) enjoyment
c) punya
d) kaivalya
104. Padartha literally means
a) Subject
b) a word
c) God
d) none of these
105. Sankara suggests that from the phenomenal point of view the world is
a) Real
b) unreal
c) illusion
d) none of the above
106. Patanjali yoga is also known as
a) Raja –yoga
b) hathayoga
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c) kamayoga
d) none of the above
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107. Which is the most important pramana for Mimamsakas?
a) Pratyaksa
b) Anumana
c) Sabda
d) none of these
108. In Nyaya syllogism paksadharmata means relationship between
a)smoke and fire b) fire and smoke c) hill and fire
d) smoke and hill
109. In --------------- perception the object is conveyed to sense through an
unusual medium.
a)laukika
b) Alaukika
c) savikalpa
d) nirvikalpa
110. Samanya laksana comes under
a) Alaukika
b) laukika
c) bahya
d) none of these
111. Brahman, according to visistadvaita is
a) Nirguna
b) saguna
c) nirvisesa
d) none of these
112. Aparthak-siddhi –sambanda is accepted by
a) Ramanuja
b) Patanjali
c) sankara
d) Kapila
113. Knowledge resulting from the employment of upamana is known as
a) Upamiti
b) Vyapti
c) Pratyaksa
d) None of these
b)
114. How many pramanas are accepted by nyaya
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
115. Nirvikalpa pratyaksa, according to Nyaya presents
a) Bare object without any characterization
b) Object with its characteristics
c) Only characteristics no objects
d) None of these
116. According to Nyaya, which kind of inference is based on mere co existence
a)Parathanumana
c) sesavat anumana
b) purvavat anumana
d) samanyatodrsta anumana
117. Which among the following anumana are based on causation
a) Svartha &parartha
c) purvavat and samonyathodrsta
b) purvavat & sesavat
d) none of these
118. Which among the following means of knowledge is produced by the
knowledge of resemblance or similarity
a)Pratyaksa
b) anumana
c) upamana
d) none of these
119. How many padarthas are accepted by vaisesika
a) 2
b) 4
c) 7
d) 6
120. According to Nyaya, ‘ice looks cold’, is an example of
a) Samanyalaksana
c) Yogaja
b) Jnanalaksana
d) None of these
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121. Which of the following system is founded by Gotama
a) Nyaya
b) Sankhya
c) Yoga
d) Vaisesika
122. Vaisesika divided categories into two class
a) Bhavaand abhava
c) quality & action
b) Dravya and guna
d) Samavaya and samyoga
123. Who accepts non-apprehension as an independent source of knowledge
a) Prabhakara
b) kumarila
c) Goutama
d) Kapila
124. The utterances of human being s are valid, if their authors are
a) Trust worth
b) seers
c) religious
d) none of these
125. Brahman is called as in determinate or
a) Nirguna
b) SAguna
c) Infinite
126. Maya or avidya means
a) Positive wrong knowledge
b) absolute wrong knowledge
c) non-existence
d) none of these
127. Madhavacharya is the champion of
a) Unqualified dualism
b) Nominalism
c) Realism
d) None of these
d) none of these
128. Sankara believes that ultimate reality, Brahman associated with its maya
appears as
a)Soul
b) Supreme soul c)Isvara
d) None of these
129. According to Sankara, ultimate reality is
a) God
b) Soul
c) Brahman
d) None of these
130. Who is sat-cit-ananda according to Sankara
a) Para Brahman b) Isvara
c) Soul
d) None of these
131. Ramayana recognizes ---------, souls and God as ultimate and real
a) Matter
b) world
c) Atoms
d) None of these
132. Ramanuja advocates
a) Monism
b) dualism
c) qualified monism
d) None of these
133. What is an individual soul according to Ramanuja?
a) It is spiritual substance
b) It is an attribute of God and forms part of his body
c) It is not beyond creation & Destruction
d) None of these
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134. Ramanuja attempts a harmonious combination of absolutism with
personal.
a) Theism
b) god
c) realism
d) none of these
135. Vedanta literally means
a) Vedic rituals
b) the end of the Vedas
c) meditation
d) none of these
136. According to Sankara, Brahman is
a) Pure consciousness
b) identical with prakrti
c) the totality of mind and matter
d) None of these
137. Madhva advocates the reality of ------------ differences
a) Five –fold
b) four –fold
c) three –fold
d) two fold
138. According to Ramanuja prapatti is necessary for liberation Prapatti is
a) Constant remembrance of god
b) Constant meditation
c) Complete self- surrender
d) Prayer
139. In the ‘rope-snake’ illusion according to Advaita Vedanta
a) The snake is unreal
b) the snake is real
c) The snake is neither real nor unreal
d) none of these
140. What is the cause of bondage according to Ramanuja?
a) Avidya
b)Karma
c) Embodiment
d) None of these
141. Vedanta school lays emphasis on
a) Karma
b) Jnana or knowledge
c) Bhakti
d) None of these
142. Sankaras theory of world is known as
a) Braham vada
c) )parinamavada
b) Brahma vivarthavada
d) none of these
143. Mimamsa sutra is written by
a) Jaimini
b) Patanjali
c) Parthasarathi
d) None of these
144.The earlier portion of the veda is called
a) Uttara –Mimamsa
c) Jnana kanda
b) Karma Kanda
d) none of these
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145. Prakriti is constituted by the three gunas namely
a) Sattva, Rajas and tamas
b) Earth, water & air
c) Primary, secondary and infinite
d) none of these
146. Who is the author of yoga sutra
a) Sankaracarya b) Patanjali
c) Buddha
d) None of these
147. Do sankhya believe in god ?
a) Yes
b) No
c) not certain
d) none of these
148. The first part of youga –sutra is known as
a) Sadhanapada b) Kaivalyapada c) Samadhi pada d) Vibhutipada
149. Which one of the following is related to ‘AStika’ school?
a) Yoga
b) Carvaka
c) Buddha
d) Jainism
150. Yoga mostly accepts the metaphysics and the epistemology of
a)Nyaya
b) mimamsa
c) Sankhya
d) Vaisesika
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ANSWER KEY
1.
(b)
28.
(b)
55.
(b)
82.
(b)
2.
(a)
29.
(a)
56.
(a)
83.
(a)
3.
(a)
30.
(b)
57.
(a)
84.
(d)
4.
(a)
31.
(c)
58.
(c)
85.
(a)
5.
(b)
32.
(c)
59.
(a)
86.
(c)
6.
(b)
33.
(a)
60.
(a)
87.
(a)
7.
(b)
34.
(a)
61.
(a)
88.
(b)
8.
(a)
35.
(b)
62.
(a)
89.
(b)
9.
(a)
36.
(c)
63.
(a)
90.
(a)
10.
b)
37.
(a)
64.
(a)
91.
(a)
11.
(a)
38.
(b)
65.
(a)
92.
(b)
12.
(a)
39.
(c)
66.
(a)
93.
(a)
13.
(a)
40.
(b)
67.
(a)
94.
(a)
14.
(a)
41.
(a)
68.
(a)
95.
(a)
15.
(c)
42.
(a)
69.
(b)
96.
(a)
16.
(a)
43.
(a)
70.
(d)
97.
(d)
17.
(c)
44.
(a)
71.
(c)
98.
(a)
18.
(c)
45.
(a)
72.
(b)
99.
(a)
19.
(c)
46.
(b)
73.
(a)
100. (b)
20.
(a)
47.
(a)
74.
(a)
101. (b)
21.
(a)
48.
(a)
75.
(b)
102. (c)
22.
(b)
49.
(b)
76.
(a)
103. (d)
23.
(a)
50.
(c)
77.
(a)
104. (b)
24.
(c)
51.
(a)
78.
(b)
105. (a)
25.
(a)
52.
(a)
79.
(a)
106. (a)
26.
(b)
53.
(b)
80.
(a)
107. (c)
27.
(a)
54.
(a)
81.
(b)
108. (d)
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109. (b)
120. (b)
131. (a)
142. (b)
110. (a)
121. (a)
132. (c)
143. (a)
111. (b)
122. (a)
133. (b)
144. (b)
112. (a)
123. (b)
134. (a)
145. (a)
113. (a)
124. (a)
135. (b)
146. (b)
114. (d)
125. (a)
136. (a)
147. (b)
115. (a)
126. (a)
137. (a)
148. (c)
116. (d)
127. (a)
138. (c)
149. (a)
117. (b)
128. (c)
139. (c)
150. (c)
118. (c)
129. (c)
140. (b)
119. (c)
130. (a)
141. (b)
©
Reserved
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