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Document 1713542
VC’ss Column
My tenure as the Vice-Chancellor of this University will end on October 22, 2006. For me,
who came from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, a central non-affiliating university,
administering a state university with an enrollment of 2.5 lakh plus students distributed in
262 affiliated colleges spread over the five districts that come under the University’s
jurisdiction, and in the 29 post graduate departments on the campus, has been a great
challenge and learning experience.
During the last 38 years, the University of Calicut has completely transformed the social, economic and
educational profile of all the communities in Kozhikode, Palghat, Thirssur, Malappuram and Waynad districts of
Malabar. In Malappuram district alone, there are 70 colleges offering courses in Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Arts
and Science, Ayurveda, Dental and Oriental studies. Malappuram, the home district of the University is the first eliterate district in India. From this year onwards, students in the district can remit their examination fee and collect
their hall tickets electronically- a glaring example of proper use of the new technology and empowerment through
In the last four-year period, all the postgraduate departments housed on the Thenhipalam campus were
computerized and networked with 4 Mbps connectivity. The University Central Library, named after the founding
Pro-Chancellor, the late C.H.Mohmmad Koya was provided with 50 computers to enable it to access online
journals through UGC INFONET. The University centers at Vatakara and Thrissur were also given more facilities.
In 2005, three centers in Lakshawadeep were started to cater to the needs of the Island population. The
Pareeksha Bhavan Digital Wing now has 35 computers and it is proposed to add another 45 computers in next few
months. In 2003, the registration of applications for UG and PG degree examination was fully computerized. This
has facilitated timely conduct of examinations and announcement of results.
To give the campus a face-lift, all the major buildings, students’ hostels, teaching departments, observatory, auditorium,
the university café and guesthouse were renovated. Utilizing UGC funds, two halls of the Seminar Complex were airconditioned and provided with state-of- the- art digital public address system.
On academic front, rotation of headship, decentralization of purchase committees and reforms in the doctoral
programme, reconstitution of the Board of Studies, introduction of the Frontier Lecture Series are some of the new
initiatives which have given freedom, exposure , self respect and more power to the faculty and it has created an
academic friendly atmosphere on the campus.
‘Student Trap’ was set up to provide students a decent place to hang out and exchange ideas and strike new
relationships. In this facility there is Café with Barbeque tables, Bookshop and Cyber spot, all of which have
become immensely popular among students and faculty.
All these have become possible through of the support and cooperation I got from both the teaching and nonteaching community, and the general public. While expressing my gratitude to them, I think this brief note would
be incomplete if I end it without a mention of my comment Kerala’s higher education scenario in the light of my
last four years’ experience.
Kerala already has secured a position in the country’s education sector. It excels other states in universalizing
education by making it equitable and accessible to even the lowest stratum of society. At the same time, one
cannot be blamed if one doubts if the socializing momentum and growth in quantity reflect in quality. The main
reason, I find, for this developmental lacuna is over politicization of education management and administration.
Political groups and trade unions have monopolized the decision-making bodies like the Senate, the Syndicate, and
the Academic Council. This adversely affects the academic nature of these bodies as academic issues often become
secondary in such forums. The need of the hour is restoration of academic autonomy. This is an issue all the
political groups, irrespective of their ideological leaning, must take into serious consideration and converge to
arrive at a consensus on ensuring the quality of higher education.
From the bottom of my heart, I wish all Keralites greater glory through education.
Prof. Syed Iqbal Hasnain
cover story
Great Challenges and
Learning Experience
Prof. Syed Iqbal Hasnain completes his
four year tenure on October 22, 2006
of. V
of. Hasnain:
V.. Krishna Kumar
Kumar,, Dept. of Mathematics interviews Pr
Excerpts from the interview? Four years is not a long period in the history of a University. As a Vice Chancellor,
what do you think are your achievements for moving this University forward?
= Looking back at my tenure here as the Vice Chancellor, now I think that it was
not an easy task for me to carry out reforms on this extremely politicized campus.
I came here from Jawaharlal Nehru University. For me, the switching over from
a central University to a State University was a little bit challenging, at least for
initial days. It took some time for me to become familiar with the new system. A
very complex system, hundreds of affiliated colleges, lakhs of registered students,
thousands of examinations, intricate funding procedures of the State government
and above all, high political pressure from both ruling and opposition groups.
For all these, I truly sense that I could initiate many original reforms on the
campus, both on the academic and administrative fronts.
? Campus community is aware that there are some areas in which reforms have
been initiated. Could you elaborate on them?
= Here, my focus was on academic sector. In central Universities, students, faculties
and teaching departments are all important. And, the Deans are at the helm of each
area of study. Here, there are many other players, like affiliated college managements,
principals, heads of the departments, teaching and non-teaching staff…
From the very beginning I recognized that there were many problems in all the
29 teaching departments on the campus. So, first of all, I introduced rotation of
the headship in departments to make their administration vibrant. More so, I
delivered greater financial and administrative autonomy to the heads of the
departments to create a flexible working
environment for them.
Decentralized purchase system was yet another
idea. Earlier, heads of the departments had to
dedicate most of their valuable time to untie the
‘red tapes’ of our complicated and centralized
administrative system. The new system is very
simple as well as transparent. Every department is
independent in its purchase. Now, both academics
and administrators save time and effort.
? What are your major ones on academic front?
= The introduction of M.phil.- PhD Programme
is my contribution. It was a standardization
process. It gave a new lease of life to our research
programmes. Now, people are
happy with this initiative.
Reconstitution of boards of
studies was another initiative.
Traditionally, members of the
boards were nominated on
political considerations. Since
these are the basic bodies that
conceive our very academic
strategy, I tried to constitute
them with persons of eminence
in each field, irrespective of
their political affiliation. And, I
asked the board members to
restructure the syllabus in tune
with the latest trends in the field. I strongly believe that the attempt was successful.
? Research is an important activity of any University. To what extent could you
infuse life into it here?
= Yes, research is a very important component of any University. When I came
here, our research initiatives were in a very dismal state. Most of our teachers
and researchers were in a dilemma due to the complexity of our office
management. Where to go to get funds? What are the procedures? How to
submit proposals? All were in the dark. As a way-out, I introduced a single
window approach. For this, I constituted an exclusive cell for handling projects.
And, teachers were encouraged to approach various agencies. The result was
amazing. Now, we have many projects worth lakhs of rupees. SAP projects in
History, DST projects in Physics, Zoology and Botany are some of them.
? You have made some important initiatives in bringing modern technology to the
University. Could you tell about them for our readers?
= Computerization ranks first. Without taking advantage of information technology,
we cannot successfully perform our tasks. Our examination system is a highly
complicated one. Delay of publication of results was a big headache. So, I gave
priority to digitization of examination work. Eestablished a digital wing for the
Pareeksha Bhavan. Constructed a separate building for it, set up e- security for
our degree certificates and introduced electronic registration of applications.
Now, with all its complexity, the examination system is under control.
? And, your contributions to the general infrastructure?
= There are many. Enhancement of physical infrastructure is another major area I focussed on.
I constructed and renovated many buildings and tried to add aesthetic element to the campus.
Yes, people should feel that they are entering a University campus, not a graveyard.
? As you said, you came from a non-affliating University to an affliating University. What is your
perception of our affiliating system?
= Being an affiliating University, we have to cater to the needs of a lot of stakeholders: affiliated
college managements, teaching staff, lakhs of students…. all are spread over five districts.
Earlier, all these forces were dictating to the University on many matters. I put an end to this.
I took a few firm measures. Now, the University has a say in all matters. They realized that the
University is the administrative head and the central point of the whole system and that they
are only the affiliated bodies.
But, despite this, there should be a suitable mechanism to network our affiliated institutions
with the University, both academically and administratively. This will help better resource
sharing and coordination. For example, here on the campus, we subscribe a number of
international online journals in medicine. But, the academic community of medical colleges
far away from our campus cannot make use of them. Lack of network is the reason for this
serious handicap.
? Autonomy is dear to the heart and soul of a University. What are your views on this?
= It’s good, but many administrative problems are there in implementing them. In fact, the State
government should take a policy initiative in this regard.
? Students are considered as central to a University system. In this regard, what is your opinion
about our campus?
= Compared to central Universities,
number of students residing on the
campus is less here. Nearly 2000. And,
the University has no interaction with
college students.
On the campus, I have tried to bring
better facilities for students. Renovation
of hostels and the canteen, introduction
of the net cafe, construction of the
students’ trap, the park, office space for
the students’ union and so on.
? Let us come back to your own experience
in the University. How do you find your
role as an administrator?
= Yes, I did enjoy it, but there are
several problems. In this University,
employees’ problems are more than the
academic problems. We should know that
a University is not a factory, and Vice
Chancellor is not a factory manager. If we
take a statistics, we can see that most of
the strikes that took place during my tenure
were related to silly employees’ problems
like appointment of peons, electricity workers etc. It creates burden on the Vice Chancellor and
grabs a sizeable amount of his time and attention. You can see that during the last four years, no
political party held any demonstration demanding any academic or administrative reform. No
serious academic agenda was put up by anyone.
? Is there any initiative that you could not complete due to such reasons?
=I worked a lot to introduce Credit based system here aiming to improve quality of our academic
programmes. But, I could not complete it. I strongly bet that this University has immense
potential. But, you cannot tap it unless you tune its courses and infrastructure to the changing
? What was your perception of the Kerala society before you took up this assignment? Having
spent four years here, what do you feel now?
= Before coming here, I was not much aware of Kerala. Your pluralistic civil life and inherent
mutual respect are admirable. A remarkable fact about Kerala society is the recent progress
that has occurred in its Muslim community. Unlike Muslims in other States, Kerala Muslims
are on an equal footing with other forward communities like Nairs and Christians. They
could establish many higher learning centers including professional colleges under the
University. I think that this equitable development is the base of communal harmony in the
And, it is indeed Keralites have wider access to higher education – quiet distinct from the
rest of the country.
? Access is one thing. What do you fee
about Quality?
= Qualitatively, you have to improve a
lot. Unless you change the mindset and
keep abreast of the latest trends in
knowledge sector, you cannot survive.
You are ready for change, but not ready
to spend. Look, the examination fee of
rupees 10 a paper introduced decades
ago is still remaining in our system. You
cannot increase it due to political
pressure and student strike.
We have to leave Universities and colleges to academicians. Politicians have nothing do with
them. And, the first causality of excess politicization in academia is the quality of education.
Civil society should be vigilant about this bad trend.
Here, every reform in educational field is opposed. I experienced this during my tenure in the
University. Media also overreact on all University matters.
? Is this overreaction negative or positive?
= Most often, negative. Especially on academic matters. Actually, the media have to advocate
for positive changes.
? What are the dominant positives and negatives of the Kerala society?
= The communication skills of Kerala students in English are poor. It is high time you realized
that English is a world language and not a language of English men alone. There is need to
introduce worthwhile reforms to solve this problem. Also, there is a need to introduce several
state-of-the-art courses to offer skills required for modern time.
Excess politicization is a major drawback of your society . Kerala people are more politically
oriented than any other society. They are well aware of their rights, but, unfortunately, not of
their responsibilities. It is the reason for irresponsible strikes and protests over very negligible
? How could you survive the political pressure here?
= Because of confidence. The confidence I acquired from my past experience, as a professor
and a researcher in JNU and other foreign institutions in the USA, the Netherlands and Lybia.
I had managed many projects in Glaciology, interacted and worked with many scientists
from across the world. So, I know how an academic system functions, and how should it be.
This taught me how to manage crisis and people.
And, I have my own ways of doing things. We should do things in a perfect manner. Annual
convocations I conducted here are the obvious examples.
? And, you were quite quick in taking decisions.
= Yes, I could do that because of my confidence in handling situations and people.
? If you were given one more term as Vice Chancellor…?
= One term is more than enough. I came here with a vision and I applied it with determination.
X or Y can be the Vice Chancellor, but he /she should have a vision. And an agenda, big or
small, and he should bring about changes. Continuity is also important. He should not be
one who demolishes what his predecessors have built.
I don’t have any more initiative for this campus. I believe that no Vice Chancellor should be
given a second term.
? Do you have any regrets…?
= No. No regret at all. I have done things I should have done. Fully and successfully.
cover story
Unique and Exemplary
Unique and exemplary. This is how I can
sum up my assessment of Prof. Syed Iqbal
Hasnain’s tenure that ends on October 22,
2006. Surely, you will feel that it is not a
sycophancy if you see how different the campus
has become from how it was, in the short span
of his four-year term.
with all its challenges. He took everything
about the University serious as well as a
challenge and fought to implement what he
thought to be good for it. And, surprisingly,
he was successful in almost all cases. It is
indeed a great achievement given the nature
of our politically sensitive environment.
I joined the University in the second year
of his term and we worked together for about
three years. As a close observer of his work,
many a time I wondered about this North Indian
administrator’s studiousness and keen interest
in the growth of a south Indian University. It is
what is termed professionalism. Actually, he
was enjoying the University administration
What made him unique was his vision and
determination: he had a clear vision about
how should a University be and the solid
determination to face all the odds in the way.
With pinpointed precision, he observed all the
persons, especially the big shots on the campus
and analyzed their strengths and weaknesses.
He exploited both their strength and weakness
positively for the growth of this institution. He
was particular that no developmental activity
on the campus should be curtailed only
because of political opposition.
The image and reputation of the University
were always his concern. He trusts that
branding is the pushing force in the presentday world. So, he conceived many strategies
to publicize the University among the great
minds in each field of human activity. He
himself ambitiously served as the brand
ambassador of the institution. He was prostudent and teacher-friendly, and never
ignored or sidelined the employees’
grievances. He gave due consideration to their
demands, be it their service matters or overall
It is a common truth that all campuses are
boiling playgrounds, be it Oxford or Calicut.
Here, he showed the players that he was the
big player of all. He never succumbed to
maneuverings. In reality, the players were
being succumbed to him by tuning their
agendas to his plans. That’s why, now,
nobody can’t claim the credit of any
reformation that had taken place during his
term. I have no difficulty to say openly that
all initiatives were coming from his own mind,
not from its beneficiaries. It is a major, yet
continual drawback of our education scenario.
We have to think deep about why we hesitate
to change our educational mindset.
‘Change along with trends’ was the
quintessence of Prof. Hasnain’s vision. He
strongly believed that speedy innovation
matters in our fast changing globalized world.
He always articulated it in his writings and
speeches and proved it practically through his
work. He tried to bring in professionalism. It
is a novel experiment from which we have
many lessons to imbibe. Of course, there are
carpers and critics willing to drizzle on his
adventure. But, nobody can deny the fact that
he was successful to a great extent.
He loved hard work and he himself was
meticulous. With this quality he made many
good things into great things.
He was well aware of the ‘celebrated’
hypocrisy of our people. He convinced
everyone, either utilitarian or idealistic, of his
hollowness and insincerity. So, his arguments
for the sake of the University always overruled
their bargaining. This all made his task easy.
I believe that his tenure has three stages.
It was during the middle stage that he could
contribute a lot to the University, because
during this stage, those who always put
obstacles in his ‘reformation way’ were in
good terms with him, because of their
enemy’s-enemy-is-friend strategy. In other
words, he was better tapping this opportunity
for the growth of the institution.
Did we fully utilize his potential? The
answer is a big ‘No’. Had there been a fullfledged, stable visionary team on our part to
back him, we would have been better served
by him.
Dr. P.P. Mohamed
Registrar, University of Calicut
National W
orkshop on
Bioinorgganic Chemistry
T. K. Chandrashekar Director of RRL Thiruvanthaprum,inaugurating the workshop on Bioinorganic Chemistry
The Department of Chemistry, in association
with the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore
conducted a national workshop on Bioinorganic
Chemistry during from August 3 to 5. Prof. T. K.
Chandrashekar Director of RRL Thiruvantha-prum,
inaugurated the workshop at a function held at the
Seminar Complex. Prof. K. Krishnankutty, Head of
the Department and coordinator of the seminar
presided over the function.
After the inauguration, Prof. V. Krishnan
delivered the keynote address. A veteran teacher and
researcher, Prof. Krishnan could easily ignite the
minds with his in-depth understanding on
Bioinorganic Chemistry. In the afternoon session,
Prof. T. K. Chandrashekar delivered his lecture on
Molecular Receptors and the complex ways in which
biology is associated with metal ions.
The second day of the program started with a
lecture by Prof. R. Ramaraj, Madurai Kamaraj
University on Artificial Photosynthesis and Electron
Transfer Reactions in Membranes. Prof.
Palaniandavar, Department of Chemistry,
Bharathidasan University delivered lectures on
Structural and Functional Models for Non-heme
Iron Enzymes and Copper Proteins and their
Biological Functions: Electron-transfer in Blue
copper proteins and Enzymes, respectively. Prof.
T. K. Chandrashekar, Prof. R. Ramaraj and Prof.
Palaniandavar actively participated in the interactive
On the third day, the first session was a lecture
by Dr. K. Padmakumar on The Structure-Function
Correlations in Fe- and Mn- Superoxide Dismutases.
This was followed by lectures by Dr. A. Srinivasan
and Dr. V. G. Anand (both from RRL, Trivandrum)
on the topics Metals in Medicine and Therapy and
Biological Oxygen Transport: Haemoglobin and
Myoglobin, respectively.
Workshop on Formulation of Project Proposals
for Funding by External Agencies
The Department of Chemistry in
association with Kerala Science Academy and
KSCSTE organized a one-day workshop on
Formulation of Project Proposals for Funding
by External Agencies on July 27 at the Seminar
Complex. The motive of the Seminar was to
equip the young teachers and researchers with
the modalities and formats of project writings
for funding from external agencies.
Pro-Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Gopinathan
Pillai inaugurated the workshop. Prof. K.
Krishnankutty, Head Department of presided.
Prof. P.R. Sudhakaran, General Convener of
the programme and President of Kerala
Academy of Science, welcomed the gathering
and Prof. K.K. Aravindakshan proposed a vote
of thanks.
The inauguration was followed by a class
by Prof. Jacob Philip, Director STIC, CUSAT,
Kochi on Research opportunities in Physical
Sciences, and a talk on Project formulation for
funding by Prof. Oommen V Oommen, Dean
Faculty of Science and Head, Department of
Zoology, University of Kerala. Dr. R.
Prakashkumar, Principal Scientific Officer,
KSCSTE, Trivandrum delivered a lecture on
Science and Technology Promotion; KSCSTE
Initiative. 50 teachers from the PG Colleges and
University Departments participated in the
Calicut Univ
Syndicate Constituted
His Excellency the Governer of Kerala, and the Chancellor of the University, Sri. R.L.
Bhatia has constituted the Calicut University Syndicate. In addition to the six Ex-Officio
members fourteen persons have been nominated.
The new members are: Prof. P. Mammed, Department of Commerce, P.S.M.O. College,
Dr. K. P. Varkey, Reader, Department of Physics, Govt. Engineering College, Thrissur,
K..Radhakrishnan, Department of Computer Science, N. S. S. College, Ottappalam, Saritha
Namboothiri, Sr. Grade Lecturer, Department of Computer Science, V. T. B. College,
Sreekrishnapuram, Palakkad, Dr. C. L. Joshy, Department of Chemistry, St. Thomas College,
Thrissur, V. A. Abraham, Principal, Govt. College, Kodanchery, Dr. K. P. Janardanan,
Professor and Head, Department of Zoology, University of Calicut, Dr. D. K. Babu,
Department of Chemistry, Guruvayurappan College, Calicut, Dr. K. T. Jaleel M. L. A.,
Krishnan Karangatt, “Nithina”, Thenhipalam, Malappuram, C. P. Aboobacker, Resi:
“Thanal”, Meppayur, Calicut, Adv. K. P. Basheer, Jawahar Nagar Colony, Eranhipalam,
Calicut, Sreeja Murali, Chairman Calicut University Union, Prof. P. Sreedharan, Kovilakam,
Manjeri, Malappuram.
National Seminar on
Women Studies
Prof. Syed Iqbal Hasnain inaugurating the National Seminar on Women Studies
National Seminar on Women’s Studies as an
Emerging Discipline: Thrust Areas and Strategies was
organised by the newly begun Centre for Women’s
Studies. This was the first in the series of seminars
to be organized by the Centre.
On September 29, Vice-chancellor Prof. Syed
Iqbal Hasnian inaugurated the seminar. Emphasizing
the need for women empowerment he said women’s
studies should examine our cultural assumptions
of gender and should work for gender equality. He
reiterated the need for progress of women in any
society and stated that man cannot progress if one
section of the society is left behind.
Padma Ramachandran IAS, former Chief
Secretary to the Government of Kerala and former
Vice-Chancellor, M.S. University Baroda, in her keynote address said that this beautiful state of Kerala
which claims best sex ratio, and maintains ideal
figures of birthrate, death rate, maternal mortality,
and infant mortality rates was also in the forefront
in respect of suicidal rate among women, and
depression in women. The Centres for Women’s
Studies should shoulder the responsibility of
identifying the problems of women through
research, she said.
Dr. Moly Kuruvilla, Reader in-charge of
Director, welcomed the gathering.
Various technical sessions on Thrust Areas &
Strategies held as part of the Seminar were handled
by Dr. N. Kala, Director, Centre for Women’s
Studies, Mother Teresa Women’s University,
Kodaikanal, Dr. V.T. Usha, Director, Centre for
Women’s Studies, Pondicherry University, Dr.
Gokulavani, Director, Centre for Women’s Studies,
Alagappa University, Karaikudi, and Dr. Jothimani,
Research Officer, Centre for Women’s Studies,
Avinashilingam Deemed University, Coimbatore.
In the concluding session, Dr. Moly Kuruvilla
presented the action plan of the Centre and Mrs.
Padma Ramachandran delivered the concluding
es and the Univ
A Prinicipal’
Prinicipal’ss Experience
In affiliating system, a healthy relationship
between the Univeristy and the college is very
important for the smooth functioning of a college
and the University. I am very happy to say that
Devagiri College has enjoyed a very cordial
relationship with Calicut University to which it is
affiliated. The College had good relationship with
all the officers of the University as well with the
academic community.
As the Principal, and as a member of various
university bodies like the Research Advisory
Council, Monitoring Committee of Self-financing
courses, UGC-ASC Advisory Committee, Tsunami
Relief Operations Committee, Monitoring
Committee on PG Semester courses, National Book
Exhibition Organizing Committee and so on I had
to visit the University on a number of occasions.
These visits, and contacts with the Vice-Chancellor,
other top officers and the administrative staff, have
also helped strengthen the cordial relationship
between the University and the college.
Conducting a large number of examinations
at various centers, involving a very big number of
students and publishing the results in time is perhaps
one of the most challenging tasks before the
University. Devagiri has always rendered whole-
hearted support in this regard. Our teaching and
non-teaching members render assistance to the
university on regular basis for conducting the
theory, practical and viva examinations. Our
teachers participate in the valuation of answer
scripts and facilitate the timely announcement of
the results.
The affiliated colleges feel that the ViceChancellor Prof. Syed Iqbal Hasnian has really
given a face-lift and new orientation to the
University. He has succeeded in creating a new
academic and administrative culture in the
Univesity. Every visitor to the Universtiy campus
feels the difference. Along with the changes
brought about, the Vice Chancellor has imparted
a new sense of direction to the affiliated colleges.
A well-known research scholar, a person with a
lot of expusure to the world, an administrator who
transcends political rigidities, scholar with a lot of
connections and influence on various academic
bodies like the UGC, the Vice-Chancellor, has been
the driving force behind many academic
developments in the University. It is only natural
that the qualitative changes at the University level
had their impact on the affiliated college also.
Principal, St.Joseph’s College, Devagiri
M.A. W
omen’ss Studies Course
The University Centre for Women’s Studies has launched its first teaching activity by offering
M.A. Women’s Studies Course. Pro-Vice-chancellor Dr. C. Gopinathan Pillai inaugurated the course
at a function presided over by the Registrar, Dr. P.P. Mohamed on August 29. In his inaugural address
he stressed the need for empowering women through education.
The Registrar elaborated on how lack of respect for opposite sex quite often leads to atrocities and
violence. Dr. Janaki Sreedharan, Lecturer, Department of English and Member, Advisory Committee of
Centre for Women’s Studies, Dr. T.P. Sasikumar, Director, Academic Staff College and Dr.
P.V.Unnikrishnan, Head, Department of Phiolosophy felicitated.
Dr. Moly Kuruvilla, Reader in-charge of Director, Centre for Women’s Studies welcomed the
gathering. Smt. Sonia.K.Das, Lecturer, Centre for Women’s Studies proposed a vote of thanks.
or Mendel FFoundation
oceedings 2006 rreleased
Prof.G. M. Nair releasing the Gregor Mendel Foundation Proceedings 2006. Prof. K. Pavithran, Dr. P. M. Kumaran,
Prof. P. V. Madhusoodanan and Dr. K. V. Mohanan on the stage.
The release of Gregor Johann Mendel
Foundation Proceedings 2006 and the
Gregor Mendel Birthday Lecture 2006 were
held in the Department of Botany on July
22. Prof. G. M. Nair, Head Department of
Botany, University of Kerala, and former
Director, Tropical Botanical Garden and
Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram
released the proceedings and delivered the
Gregor Mendel Birthday Lecture.
Dr.P.M.Kumaran, Principal Scientist and
Head Department of Crop Improvement,
Central Plantation Crops Research Institute,
Kasaragod was the chief guest. Prof.
P.V.Madhusoodanan, Head Department of
Botany and the President of the Foundation
presided over the function. Prof. K. Pavithran,
Former Professor (Genetics and Plant
Breeding), Department of Botany, University
of Calicut delivered the patron’s address.
Dr.K.V.Mohanan, Organizing Secretary of
the Foundation welcomed the gathering and
Dr.Sailas Benjamin, Member, Gregor
Mendel Foundation Council proposed a vote
of thanks.
ersity Edusat
completes one year
Calicut University Edusat completed one
year on August 18, 2006. It is one year since
the Edusat at the University has become
functional. Prof. Iqbal Hasnian, ViceChancellor activated the terminal at the
Educational Multimedia Research Centre
(EMMRC) on August 18, 2005 interacting with
Prof. G.D. Sharma, Director of the Consortium
for Educational Communication (CEC) at New
Ever since its inauguration, Calicut
University Edusat facility has fared well. The
system has been kept active. Discerning
students, though not in large numbers have
regularly attended to Edusat interactive lecture
sessions especially in areas such as intellectual
property rights, communication and library
and information services. A course in escripting launched by the CEC during August
– Sept 2006, drew encouraging response from
Calicut University students.
Such a performance has not gone
unnoticed. The CEC which coordinates the
Edusat activities in the higher education sector
has identified Calicut University EMMRC as
an active Edusat centre and has provided a
special fund to upgrade EMMRC to a teaching
end of the Edusat system.
encouragement of the Vice Chancellor Prof
Iqbal Husnain, Calicut University EMMRC has
set up a dual purpose Edusat Classroom where
about 25 students can participate in interactive
lecture sessions. It can also be used as a studio
to broadcast lecture sessions by Calicut
University faculty in select subjects once the
equipment under import get installed in the
coming months.
campus roundup
Island News
Collegee of Education
The College of Education Lakshadweep,
Claicut University Centre, Kavaratti was
formally inaugurated by the Administrator Mr,
Rajendra Kumar, IAS on August 25. After
unveiling the plaque, an impressive inaugural
function was conducted at the School
Auditorium. Mr. A.K.Wasnik, IAS, Secretary
Education presided over the function. Mr. E.
Raja Babu, Director of Education welcomed
the guests.
In the presidential address, the Secretary
Education assured all help for the newly
established B.Ed. Centre. He reminisced about
the contributions made by the former
Administrator and Shri.P.M. Sayeed, the
departed leader of the islanders. The Principal
Shri. Abdul Hameed Koya said in his speech
that the ceremony was very gratifying as it
marked the fructification of a long cherished
dream of the island people. He said that it
was the vision, the dynamism and the
Best Student A
ward for
Ms. Thajunnisa C.N
Ms. Thajunnisa C.N., Student of II
Semester M.Sc. Mathematics was selected for
the Departmental award for the best
Scheduled Tribe student who secured highest
marks in science subjects including
Mathematics in Graduation Examination
from Lakshadweep during the year 2005.
The award was presented at the Independence
Day function on15th August 2006 at stadium
ground, Kavarati.
indomitable will of both the Vice-Chancellor
of the Calicut Univeristy, Dr.Sayed Iqbal
Husnain and the former Administrator that
made the dream a reality. Felicitating on the
occasion, Shri.U.C.K.Thangal, President-cumChief Councillor, District Panchayat and Shri.
T.K.Ahmed Haji, Chaiperson, VDP, Kavarattti
expressed their immense happiness that a
College of higher education has started
functioning in Kavaritti. They recalled the
great contributions made by the departed
leader Shri.P.M.Sayeed for establishing the
Degree Colleges in Lakshadweep.
The Hon’ble Administrator Shri. Rajendra
Kumar in his inaugural address, emphasized
the importance of quality education and
assured his full support for all the endeavours
towards bettering the educational atmosphere
in the islands. Shri. K.Mohammed, Staff
Secretary proposed vote of thanks.
Courtesy The Lakshadweep Times Daily
UGC Resear
Award to
Dr.. M. Manoharan
Dr. M. Manoharan, Reader & Head,
Department of Statistics has been selected for
the UGC Research Award for full-time threeyear research tenure in Statistics. He will get
a Research Grant of Rs. 4.00 Lakh during the
period. He proposes to carry out a project on
“Identifiability in Queueing Models”- a
problem of great interest in diverse fields such
as networks, telecommunication, population
dynamics, ecology, inventory theory etc.
campus roundup
Portrait Unv
Dr. Syed Amjed Ahmed, Director, EMMRC
unveiled a portrait of the former Head Dept of
Philosophy, the late Prof. V. C. Narayana Das
at a function held at the Seminar Hall of this
Department at 2 PM on July 28. The meeting
was presided over by Prof. Dr. S. Radha, former
Head of the Department and the late
Professor’s long time colleague during the
formative years of this Department. Prof. Radha
in her presidential address recollected her
revered and unforgettable association with
Prof. Das, and lauded his services and abilities
as a teacher.
Dr. Syed Amjed Ahmed who unveiled the
portrait dealt at length with his internship under
Dr. Das as a colleague and as a neighbour. Dr.
P.V. Unnikrishnan, Head of the Department
spoke at length about his association with Prof.
Das particularly the co-operation he had got in
running the affairs of Kerala Philosophy
Association and Prof. E. I. Endowment Lecture
Series conducted in the Department while Dr.
Das was the Head.
Prof. Govindankutty Nair, former Head
of the Department of Commerce and
Management Studies, Dr. Pokker,
Dr.Damodaran and Dr. Ramakrishnan
remembered their professor and paid rich
tribute to his ability to motivate students to
achieve heights in higher studies and research.
Many of his non-teaching collegues who started
their career in the Department now working
in various positions in the University
Administration also were also present to
remember and pay respect to the departed
Patriotic Song Recital
Competition on the Campus
As part of 60th Independence Day Celebrations
of India, the National Service Scheme, Calicut
University conducted a University level patrotic song
recital and Indian Freedom Struggle quiz
Competition on August 26 at the Seminar Complex
on the Campus.
Christ College Iringalakkuda and St. Joseph’s
College Calicut won the first and the second places.
PSMO College Thirurangadi and Govt. and, Arts
and Science College, Calicut became first and second
in the University Level Freedom Struggle Quiz
Pro-Vice Chancellor Dr. C. Gopinathan Pillai
gave away trophies and prizes to the Winners and
certificates to all the participants. The Competitions
were held at the College level on August 14. The
District level Competitions were held on August
17 at Christ College, Iringalukkuda (Trissur), NSS
College Ottappalam (Palakkad), NSS College
Manjeri and PSMO College Thirurandadi
(Malappuram), Providence College Calicut
(Kozhikode) and Pazhassi Raja College Pulpally
The district level winners in Pattiotic Song
Recital Competition are Christ College and SN
College Nattiaka (Thrissur) St.Joseph’s College
Devagiri and Prividence College (Kozhikode),
Mercy College and NSS College Ottappalam
(Palakkad), Pazhassi Raja College and St.Mary’s
College (Wynad), NSS College Majeri and
Govt.College Malappuram (Malappuram)
The district level winners in the Indian
Freedom Struggle Quiz Competition are Christ
College and Sreekrishna College (Thrissur) NSS
College Nemmara and Govt.College, Chittur
(Palakkad) PSMO College and H.M.College
(Malappuram) Govt.Arts & Science College and
Govt.College Madappally (Kozhikode) and
Pazhassi Raja and St. Mary’s College (Wynad).
A simple negligible-cost biotech design for safe real-life
harnessing of bio-waste to thwart its health disasters.
It can be i) domestic do-it-yourself versions
for deadly potential for public handling kitchen/
dining-room bio-waste, or ii) scaled up versions
to suit larger waste loads from canteens, hostels,
hotels, defense barracks, local authority-level
civic undertakings or even outright profit making
commercial enterprise for bio-wastes as diverse
as agro-, abattoir-, meat/fish processing-, and even
excised contagion-bearing human parts from
Critical Justification
KBPC will lead to a fitting ground-level
biotech tidying of our towns/cities and the roadsides in and between them to make them less
offensive to foreign commercial guests being
frantically wooed to our country at tremendous
effort for investments in IT, biotechnology and
other enterprise. The concept and design
effectively de-complicates the enormous and everflashing unwieldy bio-waste handling burden of
local civic authorities (eg. Njelianparambu at
Calicut and Laloor at Thrissur), with enormous
financial savings for them on several fronts: i)
expenses on treatment of domestic bio-waste from
the public. ii) prophylactics like vaccination/
clinical treatment expenses on the public for
cholera, typhoid, malaria, dengue, elephantiasiscausing filariasis etc. to name a few. iii) disease
vector-control expenses, eg. mosquitoes, houseflies, rats, rabid dogs/cats etc. iv) stench control
expenses in tourism-inclined developmental
plans. v) zoonosis-risk fighting during bird-flu-/
anthrax- epidemics in animals; animal carcasses
or parts can be dangerous cargo to handle/cart
by workers on public roads to any centralized
facilities. vi) avoiding ‘sullying’ of the sight-wise
ghastly, but public-health-harmless non-biowastes with the rot-prone perishable bio-wastes…
the real public-health-culprit. vii) de-clogging
expenses on public drainages’ blockade by
carelessly disposed bio-wastes. viii) expenses
against potential tragedies from infectious
hospital wastes containing excised diseased
human parts etc. ix) fertilizer/irrigation expenses
per unit horti-produce generated on KBPCs. x)
reduction in non-bio-waste handling loads of the
authorities by way of useful ‘salvaging’ of
segments of asbestos-, stone-ware-, pvc- ducts/
plastic buckets, paint-cans etc.( from demolition/
construction sites) for use in erecting KBPCs. xi)
in city garbage, it is the bio-waste component
that is promptly rot-prone, causes offensive
odour, encourages rats, stray dogs/cats etc., and
releases organic leachates (on rains or when in
drains) that encourage intense breeding of disease
transmitting mosquitoes and also sneak into
drinking-water wells. It is also this biocomponent that causes massive scale-up of the
immediate public-health menace when mixed
with the sizable non-bio-waste component of
total garbage. Thus there is great wisdom in
catching / treating bio-waste in isolation from
the rest of the garbage where it would otherwise
needlessly raise many folds the volume of
offensive loads to handle. xii) The kitchen-garden
expectations being highly stimulating to the
house-wife will easily take care of the extra task
of keeping the domestic bio-waste
separate from other non-bio-garbage
without any hitch. This domestic-level
attitudinal fulcrum would collectively
translate as amplified benefit in terms
of city/township-level cleanliness!
plastic-/cement-container (discarded plastic
buckets, even with top edge unevenly broken…or
if rock surface, a dug pit of this dimension would
do).The space in B outer to the column is filled
with sand/soil and soil heaped and compacted
to a cone of base-diameter of about 2-meters,
submerging the upper level of the bucket/container
by at least 5 to15-cm soil. A half-meter tall uncemented, but snug-packed ‘kuchha’ laterite/
brick/granite guard wall may be erected along the
base of the soil heap and the remaining space in
the enclosure further filled with soil. If bio-waste
loads are not sizable, the guard-wall is
unnecessary and a mere compact soil-cone
positioning a short bio-column would do. Wide
enough strips of supple plastic sheet, tightly
girdled around the bio-column at the apex of soilcone and radially covering the soil-heap, just
Biowaste: Easily biodegradable
vegetable-, animal-, food- wastes from
homes, canteens, restaurants, hostels,
hotels, defense-personnel residences/
field-barracks, vegetable/fish markets,
abattoirs etc. Large-scale bio-waste
would be bio-refuse from agricultural,
animal husbandry-, commercial foodprocessing/packaging-operations etc.
Non-bio-waste: Non-perishable Nictanthus tree and Fragrant Lilly aside Bio-pedestal
wastes like plastics, metal, glass,
packaging/structural material like thermocole,
leaving space for the planted crop stems and
asbestos, wood/pressed particle boards (….only
overlapping the guard-wall, will help prevent
very slowly biodegradable), masonry-wastes etc..
nutrient and soil erosion during rain; not really
needed in dry weather. If stay-wires are used for
A typical ‘do-it-yourself-in-30-minutes’
securing the bio-column, four or five wires could
domestic unit: Location can be soil, rock or leaksupport plastic sheeting to keep rain off as in
proof concrete terrace. Flooding-prone area is to
Fig.1. A potted plant of sufficient base diameter
be avoided as it may lead to mosquito breeding.
placed snug on a wad of plastic sheets at the top
See Fig.1. A 1.5- to 2-meter bio-column, (ie. bioserves to seal stench inside, prevents flooding with
waste feed-cum-bioprocess tube of approx.10 cm.
rain and and blocks insects entering and laying
internal diameter and sufficient wall strength.…
eggs; two plain bricks could serve as a less fancier,
stoneware-, asbestos-, pvc-drain-pipes, or such
but quite effective lid.
discarded from demolition/construction works,
5. Working: Essentially, self-digestion of the
would do) may be positioned in the centre of an
bio-waste is encouraged in the KBPC engaging: i)
approx. 30-cm tall/20-cm. internal diameter
do not develop inside the column. To minimize
even this discomfort, once charged and full, the
unit may be left undisturbed, using additional
column in the same (larger) mound or altogether
another unit itself as alternatives. As the bio-waste
deteriorates on the above lines, the resulting
extracts (leachaetes) percolate down the column
and ‘soak-its-way-up’ the sand/soil in the vesselB (in which the column-A rests) and delivers the
‘proceeds’ in the soil- mound from where it can
descend by gravity, spreading in the larger inner
body of the mound, to be/profusely occupied by
the roots of the suitable desired vegetation
(ornamental, fruit, vegetable) planted in it.
Plants flourishing on Bio-pedestal
the water inherent in the bio-waste itself (over 90%)
for hydrolysis, ii) the autolytic enzymes present
in the cells constituting the bio-waste itself , iii)
the microbes present in the bio-waste, and iv) the
insect larvae and the microbes they harbour in their
gut; the insects additionally help by physical
structure micro-fining using their mouth parts as
also their own digestive enzymes.
Simply tossed out or dumped-in-the-open biowaste undergoes similar self-digestion (bio-/
degradation/deterioration) as in the KBPC. But the
conditions in the latter are somewhat regulated by
restricting air entry, denying facility for insects for
further egg-laying once the bio-waste is inside the
bio-column (A), and the accumulation of a
carbon-dioxide-rich gas seal over the bio-waste in
the column, keeping atmospheric oxygen
disconnected from it. Biodegradation in the open
is usually oxygen-aided (..aerobic), but that in the
KBPC tends to be largely oxygen-free (…tending
to anaerobiosis). Stench and fungal spores that
cause allergies are copious on such bio-wastes and
wreak ‘reek-some’ havoc when left in the open.
These are, however, blocked from escaping the
KBPC due to the ‘fancy’ sealing at the top of the
column, the only exception with stench being when
opened for charging fresh bio-waste; fungal spores
Wet months ask for no watering at all; in the
dry months, only small quantities of water need
be added daily at the top of the column to keep
the system moist as well as to drive the leachaetes
into the soil mound. Since this ‘nutrient rich’
water becomes available from below the soil, it
evades evaporation allowing great saving in total
irrigation water consumed per unit weight of such
horti-yield. In careful maintenance of the KBPC,
the inputs into the column can be kept strictly
biological such that the horti-produce from such
soil mounds tends to retain the very coveted agroadjective ‘organic’ to qualify farm produce to
invite many fold higher revenue than regular crops.
Alternatively additional agro-supplements to suit
the crop chosen may be sprayed/ sprinkled for
desired agro-gains. If desired, well digested,
stabilized, odour-free organic manure may be
removed as such and applied directly to other
plants or sun dried, powdered and the light-weight
version transported/stored/used as necessary. For
this the bio-column may be loosened with a gentle,
wide circular disturbance to disconnect from closestuck roots in the soil, pulled out and the contents
pushed out with a stick/pole.
Scope of scale up to commercial enterprise
levels: Large volume designs of the KBPCs can
allow harvest of substantial amounts of biogas for
use as fuel, as also stabilized manure. Regular
horti-produce from such operations can be very
profitable in itself. It is however difficult for it
to qualify for a strictly organic label as in megahaulages of bio-garbage, strict biological
composition is difficult to ensure. Thus it may be
greater wisdom if fertilizers / insecticides are used
as supplements if necessary, targeting regular
customary agro-produce.
*The “KODMiC” is in memory of the author’s
late father, K. O. Davis, MC(Military Cross).
Dr. Ignatius Konikkara
Ph.D. Updates
List of Ph.D. Degree Awarded during July-September 2006
1. Vijayaraghavan.P.
“The Socio-economic impact
of Co-operative Educational
Societies in Kerala”.
Dr. E.P. Sainul Abideen
2. Ramakrishnan.K.
“Scholastic motivation of secondary
school pupils in relation to intelligence,
self concept, class room climate
and parental involvement”.
Dr. P.Usha
3. Sindu Antherjanam.D.
“Ifsa-gpØpw tIc-f-Øns‚
B[p-\nI Nn{X-I-ebpw”.
Dr. L.Thomaskutty
4. George.C.J.
“_p≤n-Po-hn-bpsS am\-߃ ;
Dr. T.B.VenugopalaPanicker
Dr. M.V.Vishnu Namboodiri
Gw.-tKm-hn-μs‚ ss[jWnI Pohn-XsØ
ap≥\n¿Ønbp≈ At\z-jW-w”.
5. Augustine.V.A.
“DØ-c-tI-cf-Ønse the-cpsS Pohn-Xhpw
kwkvIm-chpw (\m-tSmSn
hn⁄m-\o-b-]-c-amb ]T\w)”.
6. Muraleedharan.P.
Library & Inf.
“A Study of the Theoretical
Foundations of the Information
Science/Information Technology
based on the Vedic Approach
towards Information, Knowledge
and Wisdom”.
Dr. Raju M. Mathew
7. Gireesan.K.
“Efficacy of Cognitive Therapy
for Delusions”.
Dr. C.jayan
8. Dileep Kumar.K.P.
Fine Arts
“ae-hmbn B´w Hcp-cwKIem-]-T\w”.
Dr. Vayala Vasudevan Pillai
9. Ali.C.K.
“Blind Adaptive Multiuser Detection
with Integrated Channel Estimation
for Multipath CDMA Channels”.
Dr. E.Gopinathan
“Studies on variability, Conservation
and Dropagation of Dasamula
Group of Plants”.
Dr. K.V.Mohanan
“Padmasaliyas in Northern Kerala
Life and Culture (Folkloristic Study)”
Dr. M.V.Vishu Namboodiri
12.Nicemol Sebastian
“A study of some Psychological
Variables Discriminating Between
Under Achievers and Over Achievers
in Mathematics of Secondary School
Pupils of Kerala”.
Dr. V.Sumangala
“Fgp-Øp-Imcpw Bfl-l-Xy-bpw”
Dr. Raghavan Payyanad
14.Ravi Kattoor Veettil
“eLp-Iq-´m-bva-I-fnse GIo-IcW
-{]-{In-bbpw kzXz-t_m-[hpw (D-Øc
tIc-fsØ ap≥\n¿Øn Hcp-]-T-\w)”
Dr. Raghavan Payyanad
“The role of Interleukin –2 on
regulation of Antitumour Immune
responses in Gastric
Carcinoma Patients”.
1. Dr. Fathima Suhara.K.
2. Dr. D.M.Vasudevan
16.Geetha. G.Nair
“Humour in Modern Malayalam
Poetry – A study based on the
Poems of Ayyappa Panicker and
Kadamanitta Ramakrishnan”.
Dr. P.B.Lalkar
17.Jisha Mathew
“Metabolic Changes of Mango
(Mangifera Indica Linn) Seeds
during desiccation and germination”.
Dr. K.M.Jayaram
Library & Inf.
“Marketing Orientation of University
Libraries of Kerala in Information
Dr. Jalaja.V.
“A critical study of the Effectiveness
Dr. Ayishabi.T.C.
of Social Science Curriculum to Develop
values in secondary school pupils”.
“Distribution of Marine Ornamental
Fishes along the Malabar Coast,
with Studies on the biology of
Important Species”
Dr. V.J.Zacharias
21.Fedrick Sunil Kumar.N.I. History
“The Basel Mission and Social
Change – Malabar and South
Canara : A Case Study – 1830-1956”.
Dr. K.Gopalan Kutty.
22.Sugatha Kumar.D.
“A study of the relationship of self
concept and achievement motivation
of B.Ed Trainees as contributory
factors of teacher Effectiveness”.
Dr. C.P.Sreekantan Nair
“Studies on the effects of
Phytochemicals in the Extracts of
Vitex negundo Linnaeus (Verbenaceae)
on the stored product pest Tribolium
castaneum Herbst
(Coleoptera : Tenebrionidae)”,
Dr. M.Gokuldas
“Some aspects of the Physiology
of temperature induced stress in
human volunteers with particular
reference to Cardiovascular system”
Dr. T.Ramakrishna
25.John Raphael.T.
“Investigation on the Immunomodulatory
and Antimetastatic Activity of Natural
Terpenoids and their usefulness
in cancer Therapy”
Dr. Girijakuttan
“A Study of role conflict, job
satisfaction and select presage variables
discriminating between successful
and less successful secondary school
women teachers of Kerala”
“Development of a multimedia
package for acquisition of
Communicative Competence in
English among primary school
learners of Tamil Nadu”
Dr. C.Naseema
“Comparative Study of the
Progressive poems in Hindi and
Malayalam (with special reference to
Nagarjun, Kedarnath Agarwal and
Trilochan compared to P.Bhaskaran,
Vayalar and O.N.V.)”
Dr. K.M.Malathy
Dr. Sabu K.Thomas
“Studies on the biology of
Luprops curticollis (Coleoptera :
Tenebrionidae) and rubber litter
insect dynamics in relation to
rubber litterfall patterns”.
30.Rekha Rani Varghese
Library & Inf.
“The Information Search Pattern
of Doctoral Students in the
Electronic Environment”.
Dr. M.Bavakutty
“Bird Communities in the forest
habitats of Wayanad South India”.
Dr. Benny.T.M.
“Ecological Studies on certain
species of granivorous
birds in Malabar”.
Dr. D.N.Mathew
Fly UP