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Contents
Contents
Cover story
New light on the maritime history of Kerala
Beypore does it again
Feature
Pioneer in women education
3
6
13
Campus Flowers
White bottle-brush tree
Interview
Icy retreat
25
16
Profile
Scaling new heights in management arena
11
Campus round- up
Prof. V. Suryanarayana, Visiting Professor
News from departments
CU Union members sworn in
15
21
24
Frontier Lecture
Radiations and the living system
9
Report
Biotech spruce-up of some traditionals of Kerala
18
Varsity brief
Course content in digital format
UGC awards for AVRC documentaries
20
20
Obituary
Dr. V. K. Sasidharan
24
Regulars
VC’s Column
Doctoral degree update
2
26
EDITORIAL BOARD
Calicut University P.O.,
pin 673 635, Kerala, India
Te: 0494-2401144 to 52 & 2401665 to 75
Fax: 0494-2400269. Telegram: UNICAL
1
Sri. V.S. Sasibhooshanan Nair, Head, Dept. of Mass Communication & Journalism
Prof. Sankaran Ravindran, Dept. of English, Prof. Syed Amjed Ahmed, Director, AVRC
Prof. T.B. Venugopala Panicker, Head. Dept. of Malayalam, Prof. Krishna Kumar, Dept.
of Mathamatics, Prof. D. Prabhakaran Nair, Dept. of Economics, Sri. Valsarajan P.V.,
Publication Officer.
Editor: Sri. T.P. Rajeevan, Public Relations Officer
Published by Dr. P.P. Mohammed, Registrar, University of Calicut
Photos: Biju Uthup, Layout design: Omprakash
CU
July 2004 N E W S
V C’s Column
A
new academic year has already begun. During this year, the University’s main focus will be
on redefining the orientation of courses at degree level in tune with the new developments in
science and technology. And, in accordance with what the UGC proposes as skill development.
With this in view, the University has started a few new professional courses among which the
Degree Courses in Multimedia and the Diploma courses in Eco-tourism need special mention.
With information technology categorically bringing about phenomenal changes in human
communication, Multimedia has become a buzzword in today’s job market. What experts call as
multimedia products are vital in all areas of human activities, such as publishing industry,
entertainment industry, web industry, fashion and interior designing industry, animation, special
effects and advertising industry etc. Multimedia in the coming years is expected to develop into a
20 bn dollar industry.
There may be institutes that give training in multimedia. But, the high cost always makes it
unaffordable to students from the lower strata of society. It is in this context that the University has
decided to start this year the Multimedia courses in both regular and distance education streams.
The programme, which is called Bachelor of Multimedia communication, is designed in such a
way as to give the students thorough training in multimedia system, tools and technologies. Various
aspects of its application will also be taught.
Tourism is another fast developing industry in Kerala. The ecological and environmental
peculiarities of the State make eco-tourism an area with immense developmental potential. The
University’s initiative to begin a diploma course in eco-tourism has got enthusiastic response from
various agencies related to the industry. To make this course useful and viable for the people who
are already employed in the industry, it is offered in the distance education mode.
I hope the young generation of Malabar, for whose educational and technological progress this
University was established would benefit from these new venture.
Dr. Syed Iqbal Hasnain
CU
N E W S July 2004
2
Cover Story
New Light on the
Maritime History of Kerala
Kadakkarapally Sail Boat
The team of the Centre for Heritage Studies and the staff of the State Department of
Archaeology were concentrating for the last few years in the exeavation of a sail boat at
Thaikkal near Kadakkarappalli in the Alleppy District. They have exposed a sail boat in a partly
intact condition. The boat- construction method adopted and the well preserved condition of the
wood make it a unique find in the maritime history of Kerala.
F
or the Indian archaeologists who had been
preoccupied for long with the ancient material cultures
of the subcontinent, the enormous task of unravelling
the contry’s maritime past has only begun. Research
into maritime trade and coastal archaelogy, specialist
studies on sea-level changes, ancient boat technology
and ship wrecks, the application of satalite imagery to
coastal studies, the identificaiton of ancient ports and
reconstructing long distance trade and maritime contacts
make us reallize the magnitude of the task on hand.
3
Consider some neglected areas. A number of coastal sites
have been located from Gujarat to Malabar-Konkan coast.
But, comprehensive archaeological documentation is
available for only a few. The same applies to shipwrecks.
Then, there is the large uncharted area of ancient
maritime trade contacts with the rest of the Indian Ocean
littoral. Literary texts have been used most frequently to
provide a reconstruction of maritime contacts in antiquity
but there have been few studies that critically examined
the records vis-à-vis the archaeological data. The material
CU
July 2004 N E W S
objects recovered from and around the sea provide
insights into the societies that produced them. Among
them the ceramics that were used either as containers
for commodities or traded for their intrinsic value across
the ocean in antiquity are usual indicators of the searoutes. Along the Karnataka coast, exploration of the
early historic port-sites at Honnavara, Bhatkal and Udipi
have revealed the rich maritime past of Kanara. On the
eastern sea board, excavations at Manikpatna (Orissa),
Anikamedu, Poompuhar, Alagankulam and Korkai (all in
Tamilnadu) have provided evidences of ancient trade links
with the Mediterranean and Southeast Asia. But as far
as Kerala coast is concerned no systematic research for
its maritime history has been conducted.
Ancient ports of Kerala
It is well known that among the three important
chiefdoms of ancient South India, the Chera was the
one within the easiest reach of the western merchants,
who were attracted by the avilability of pepper in
unlimited quantities two thousand years ago. In the
Periplus, the country is called Cerobothra , that is
Cheraputra or Keralaputra. Its northernmost market
town was Tyndis identified as Kadalundi near Calicut.
But its cheif mart was Muchiri, which the Greeks called
Muziris, and which is identified as Kodungallur -paroor
area on the banks of the river periyar. The port-town
was crowded with the Greek and Arabian vessels. Those
who were on their
first visit traded
silently with the
Chera folk, as Pliny
shows.
And,
according to the
Pentinger Table, a
temple had been
built at Muziris in
honour
of
Augustus. Also, the
Tamil
poem
Purannanuru
speaks of the
thriving Muchiri
frequented
by
Kadakkarapally Sail Boat in
Yavana merchants.
CU
N E W S July 2004
Fifty miles to the south by sea and river lay another very
important mart called Nelcynda, identified as modern
Kottayam. Another port of call by the westerners on the
western coast was Bacare, the modern Porakad. But
unfortunately no serious researches have been done in
these port towns to collect supporting archaeological
evidences.
Possibly remote sensing probe and under water
archaeological reconnaissance along with systematic
surface explorations may bring to light evidences for the
maritime history of ancient Kerala. It is for this purpose
that a separate Chair for Maritime History, with the
support of the Defence Ministry, Government of India,
was established in the University of Calicut recently.
Search for Muziris
Recently, the Centre for Heritage Studies at Hill Palace
Tripunithura, Eranakulam, supported by the Government
of Kerala has initiated efforts to trace the maritime history
of pre-modern Kerala. The Centre has identified an early
coastal settlement of great significance at Pashnam or
Pattanam near North Parur, which gave a number of early
historic pot shred fragments of Roman amphora (in which
the Romans used to export wine), early historic Nestorian
(Persian) pottery, shreds of rouletted ware, beads of glass
and semi precious stones and interestingly a Sangam
coin (2nd century B.C.to 5th century A.D) with the image
of an elephant walking to the right with hanging trunk
on one side. Above
the elephant are
some auspicious
symbols.
The
other side has a
bow-and-arrow
and ankusa , the
Lanchana of the
Cheras
of
Mahodayapuram .
F u r t h e r
explorations and
research have to be
conducted for the
identification of the
site.
Water-logged condition
4
This Pattanam of North Parur lying very close to
Maliankara and Cranganore, the landing port of the
legendary Thomas (may be Kanayi Thomman) with his
persian colonists, was an early medieval harbour town.
Or it could be the Muchiri of Sangam poets or Muziris of
greeks or Muyirikoe of Jewish copper plate inscription of
10th century.
I visited the site and after gleaning through the
archaeological material so far unearthed, it appeared to
me that the researchers of the Centre for Heritage studies
are now on the early medieval Mahadevar Pattanam,
the seat of the grand Merchant of II Chera territory
( Cheramanloka Perumchetty ) referred to in the
Iravikorthan coppar plate inscription. Chennamangalam
- Parur - Maliankara belt was the area occupied by
merchants comprising Nestorian Christians, Jews and
Muslims from west Asia . Along with the immigration of
Chera rulers from Karur-Vanji of Trichinappally district
Tamilnadu to Cranganore in the 9th century, the Persian
merchants from Coromandal coast also might have moved
to Maliankara on the southern banks of Periyar. The
Periyar pottery, locally made rouletted ware (carried from
coramandal) and the so called ‘Sangam coin’ and the
beads of codumanal type recovered from Pattanam are
indicative of the movement of people from eastern Chera
territory to western coast.
Excavation of a Unique
Sailboat
The team of the Centre for Heritage Studies comprising
Dr.M.V.Nair (conservationist) Dr.Selvakumar
(Archaeologist) , Dr. Shajan (Geologist), P.K.Gop
(Muscologist) and the staff of the State Department of
Archaeology were concentrating for the last few years in
the excavation of a sail boat at Thaikkal near
Kadakkarappalli, in the Alleppy District. They have
exposed a sail boat in a partly intact condition. The boatconstruction method adopted and the well preserved
condition of the wood make it a unique find in the
maritime history of Kerala.
a pointed bow. The stern, and upper parts of the hull are
damaged. Both the masts have been destroyed, but the
mast steps are intact. One mast step is at the centre of
the boat and the other in the bow portion.
The method of construction of the boat is, remarkable
and is unparalled in this part of the region. The strength
of the boat comes from the two chines which form the
junction of the wall and floor. Each of them has been
carved out of a single log of wood. The hull of the boat
has two layers of planking. The inner hull is about 8 cm.
thick and the outer hull is 7 cm thick. 10 frames measuring
22. c.m. in hight, 35 c.m. in width and with varying length,
divide the boat into 11 compartments and support the
hull. The frames have been inserted into socket like
features carved into each chine. Iron and wooden nails
of various dimensions have been used in the construction.
The wood used is Anjily (botanical name Andira
vereifuga), known as Anjelim Amargosa in Brazil and
Anjelim araroba in Goa, which was popularized by the
Portuguese for the construction of ships and vessels in
the 16th century on the Malabar coast.
From all the evidences available it may be surmised that
the sail boat was constructed during the Portuguese
period. It was the Portuguese who introduced the use of
iron nails in the naval architecture, instead of the
traditional coir for joining the planks of the vessel together.
For this purpose, well tempered and strong nails were
imported from Biscay in Spain.
The exact purpose and nature of the boat excavated
out at Kadakkarappally could not be ascertained.
Probably it was a country sail - boat. The discovery and
excavation of this vessel had generated keen interest in
several universities in India and abroad as it has thrown
open new possibilities into the study of Maritime History
of Kerala. The recently concluded International workshop
at Hill Palace had recommended that the vessel should
be preserved, restored and exhibited in a Museum.
Dr. John Ochanthuruthu
Head, Department of History
The intact portion of the double-mast, flat bottomed sail
boat is 18.70 m. long and 4.05 m wide. The double
hulled boat which is divided into 11 compartments, has
5
CU
July 2004 N E W S
Feature
Beypore does it again
After a gap of eight years Beypore comes alive with uru-building. 25 feet
high, 130 feet long and 40 feet wide, the present one is the biggest to be
built here in recent years. 60 men have been working day in and day out for
the last one and half years. It may take one more year to complete.
W
hen Ali Mohammed Al
Khallafi, the Dubai-based businessman decided to add one more cargo
vessel to his fleet of five, he didn’t
have to think twice over where he
should go for it or who he would
entrust the work with and who would
conceive it and make it durably in
wood. Khallafi, who is one of the
inheritors of the centuries-old trade
CU
N E W S July 2004
and business traditions of the Arabian
Peninsula, went back to the routes
through which his ancestors had
sailed in search of the spicy and silky
wealth of India. And, he reached
Beypore, a small, sleepy seaside
hamlet, hardly 10 kilometers to the
south of the city of Calicut, from
where, long long time ago, huge
vessels made of wood, called uru,
loaded with the Kerala agriculture
produces like pepper, cardamom and
cashew nut, set sail to various
destinations in Arabia and Europe.
Beypore was known not only for the
aroma of spices it had spread on the
Arabian cost. It had an unparalleled
technological inheritance that earned
it a unique position in the maritime
history. On this sandy beach vessels
6
were built in wood with mathematical
precision that excels the state-of-theart technology of present times.
flawless, fundamental factors like the
nature of the sea it is meant to sail
in, the wind direction, and so on must
be taken into account. For instance,
if it is for a rough sea, a sharp- edged
one will be more efficient. A roundedged one is suitable for calm
waters. The shape of the prow, the
stern, the stem and the mizzen
change accordingly.
The Beypore that Ali Mohammed
Al Khallafi saw in his first visit was
not the Beypore he had been familiar
with through facts and fiction of
history. What he saw was a derelict
village with deserted wharfs remain
as mere memorials of a foregone
ruin, the fossil of Malabar’s trade and
business centre rather.
Even so, Khallafi realised, Beypore
hadn’t lost forever its craft of ship
making, uru nirmanam in the
regional language, Malayalam, which
the master carpenters of this village
perfected through generations of trial
and error. It still survives through
masters like Edathumpadikkal
Gokuldas, a super craftsman in his
forties. And, Khallafi went back to his
hometown after placing order for a
small uru with the Bichu & Co, a
Calicut-based boat-builder.
It’s almost six years now since this
had happened. Yahia alias Bichu of
the Bichu & Co couldn’t even begin
his work during this period owing
mainly to labour problems.
“Labourers are not available here.
Thinking that the Arabs are
immensely rich, they demand huge,
unaffordable wages”, he says as the
reason for the exorbitant delay. In
the meantime, two years ago,
Khallafi approached Bichu again with
another proposal. This time, it was
not a small uru that he wanted to
build, but a huge one that could ship
1300-ton cargo. Bichu took on this
project and carried it out successfully.
The evidence of which is the
7
There’s nothng immovableKhalasi’s at work
enormous configuration in wood that
is being completed in a rough and
ready yard.
Uru building has different stages,
says Gokuldas, who is the Maistry,
the chief carpenter, of the Uru now
in the making. First, the Maistry
makes a sketch of the vessel in
accordance with the buyer’s
requirements. To make the design
Availability of proper wood is a
major problem that has adversely
affected uru building in recent times.
The wood used for uru should not
be of easily weakend by water and
salt. In addition, it should have the
textural quality of turning harder by
water contact. Earlier, teak was used,
for it has both these qualities. But,
at present, with its price going high,
teak is ungainly expensive. Hence,
Bichu had to import wood, a variety
of Kerala’s irul, from Malaysia. It is
incredibly inexpensive also, as one
cubic foot of teak costs Rs. 2000
while the Malaysian irul is available
at Rs. 400 a cubic foot.
Flawless calculations and precise application
CU
July 2004 N E W S
Transporting the procured wood
from various locations to the yard is
a difficult proposition. But, Beypore
has its own indigenous skill in surface
transportation. The Mopilla Khalasis,
the people who are trained in lifting
and moving unimaginably huge
object would take it, pulling, pushing
and dragging to where it has to be
taken without using any modern
equipment like cranes and elevators.
Just with the help of a couple of old
pulleys and coir ropes. A determined
Khalasi team under the leadership
of K. Mohammed Moopan is now at
Beypore. They will know no rest untill
they haul the uru ceremoniously from
the yard to the sea.
It’s after a gap of eight years that
Beypore comes alive with various
activities connected with uru-building.
25 feet high, 130 feet long and 40
feet wide, the present one will be the
biggest to be built here in recent
years. The height will be double at
the stem. The estimated quantity of
wood required is 25,000 cubic meter.
And, the total expenditure will be
approximately Rs. 1.5 crore. 60 men
have been working day in and day
out for the last one and half years. It
may take one more year to complete,
says Gokuldas.
The traditional know-how of uru
building is gradually dying out in the
soil of Beypore. Earlier, there were
many families to which this knowledge
with all its professional subtlety was
handed over through generations.
Majority of them have abandoned it
as it did not help them earn a decent
living in modern techno-centric world.
Today, only two or three families hang
on, including Gokuldas’s.
This inherited wisdom is infallible.
That the Maistry, the master
carpenter, makes all the structural
calculations for a massive
assemblage, involving 25,000 cubic
meter wood and 12 ton steel screws
and rivets. A fete that would appear
incredible to those who are used to
today’s computers and multimedia.
But, to Edathumpadikkal Gokuldas, it
is as easy as chanting a prayer learnt
since childhood. It is with a view to
Edathumpadikkal Gokuldas,
Master Carpenter
That the Maistry, the master
carpenter, makes all the
structural calculations for a
massive
assemblage,
involving 25,000 cubic meter
wood and 12 ton steel screws
and rivets. A fete that would
appear incredible to those
who are used to today’s
computers and multimedia.
But, to Edathumpadikkal
Gokuldas, it is as easy as
chanting a prayer learnt since
childhood.
preserve it in its totality the University
of Calicut has decided to do video
documentation of various activities
and aspects of uru-building.
Ali Mohammed Al Khallafi was in
Beypore recently to witness his dream
taking shape. He has already made
up his mind on what the name of the
vessel should be. Khalib! For Khallafi,
this is not just a name. Khalib is the
third of his five sons. It proclaims how
dear the Uru is to his heart.
One more hammer to add to its strength
CU
N E W S July 2004
T. P. Rajeevan
8
Frontier Lecture
Frontier Lecture Series: 7
Radiations and the
living system
Prof. Anjali Mookerjee, former Professor and Dean of the
School of Environmental Sciences at the Jawaharlal Nehru
University, New Delhi, is currently the Director (Hon) of
the Sivatosh Mookerjee Science Centre, of Asutosh
Mookerjee Memorial Institute, Kolkota. She had her
advanced training at the Biophysics Division of the Sloan
Kettering Institute for Cancer Research, New York, the
Rockefeller Institute, U.S.A and at the International Centre
for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy. She worked in the
Division of Biophysics and in the Division of
Crystallography and Molecular Biology of the Saha
Institute of Nuclear Physics. She has published extensively
in many international and national research journals and
has several books to her credit. She has attended several
international and national symposia, seminars and
conferences.
(Excerpts from the seventh Frontier Lecture delivered By Prof. Anjali Mookerjee)
R
adiation is a form of energy that can be
transferred from one body to another through empty
space. Hot radiators emit radiation that we can feel
with our cold hands in winter. The sun is the prime
storehouse of energy and all the energy we receive
from the Sun radiates in this way across 93 million
miles of vacuum. Only a small part of this energy is
in the form of light: most of the rest is radiant heat.
Generally radiations are grouped into two
categories: ionizing and non-ionizing.
In 1896, Henri Bccquerel discovered that
uranium salts spontaneously emitted some rays of
unknown nature. As the material emitted radiation,
it was called radioactive. These rays could pass
through black paper and make impression on a
9
photographic plate. This discovery fascinated the
Curies-Marie and Pierre. They worked together and
from uranium they made the famous discovery of
radium-an element whose radiation was two million
times stronger than that of uranium.
On absorbing a quantum of U.V. or visible light
the whole of its energy is stored in the molecule,
which can then undergo one of a number of different
reactions. Some of which lead to chemical changes
(molecular dissociations) and others to physical
changes.
Although the Sun is the potential source of all
energy, cosmic radiation (which is composed of
various types of radiation and energetic tiny particles)
from outer space, which may affect ecosystems at
CU
July 2004 N E W S
higher altitude, also contributes to it.
Radiation Effects: In the field of radiological
health, there is an interest in four direct overall effects
of radiation on human beings. Biological changes
caused by radiation in human being may be classified
as:
Acute effect caused by relatively large doses.
Chronic effects on individuals caused by repeated
intermediate level doses.
Statistical effects on large populations resulting
from repeated or sustained small doses.
Genetic effects of small doses on large
populations, the results of which would appear in
the future generations.
Chronic Radiation Exposure- When irradiation
is received at low doses rates over protected periods
of time, repair processes act to change the observed
signs of injury. A whole body does of 100-200 rods
received in a few hours or less, will produce changes
in the peripheral blood count and transient intestinal
damage. These signs of injury may not appear if the
same dose is delivered over a period of several years.
In the latter case the chance of developing leukemia
or some other malignant process has increased. Some
life-shortening and genetic injury can also be
expected.
After the discovery of X-rays by Roentgen in
1895 and at the initial stage of its diagnostic and
therapeutic application, many workers suffered from
cancerous lesions of the hands, leukemia etc.
Prof. Ved Prakash, Secretary U.G.C Calling
on the Vice Chancellor, Prof. Syed Iqbal
Hasnain, May 29. Prof. V. Narayanankutty,
Syndicate Member is also seen in the picture.
Prof. Azharmi Dukht, Dean, Faculty of
Arts, Aligrah Muslim University and
Professor Qudratullah, former Professor
of Persian calling on the Vice Chancellor,
Prof. Syed Iqbal Hasnain on May 20 at
his office
CU
N E W S July 2004
10
Profile
Department of Commerce and Management Studies
Scaling new heights in
Management Arena
T
he Department of Commerce renamed as
Department of Commerce and Management Studies
under the University of Calicut has been rendering
yeomen service to the Malabar region of Kerala in the
field of higher education in Commerce and Management
studies right from its inception in 1972.
Courses such as M.Com, Diploma in Office Management
& Secretarial Practice (DOMSP) and PhD programme were
started in 1973. A Diploma course in Business
Administration (DBA) in 1974. The M.Phil course was
started in 1981 and MBA programme was launched in
1982.
Till the inception of the IIMK in 1997 at
Thiruvananthapuram, it was the only management
institution in Kerala. The full time MBA programme
offered by the department has the accreditation of All
India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).
To meet the demand for part time MBA programme, the
department set up three centres at Caliut, Trichur and
Palghat in 1993. In 1995 a part time Post Graduate
Diploma course in Computer Application (PGDCA ) was
started at the Institute of Human Resources
Development, Calicut
The department has always been in the forefront
providing quality education and better training and is
rated as one of the top management institutes of South
India. “Business Today” has listed the department in the
top 50 among the 455 business schools all over India.
In terms of infrastructure facilities the department is one
among the top 10 management schools in the country.
All the alumni of the department have been well placed
11
in executive positions of various organizations and
companies of repute both in India and abroad.
The Prime Concerns and Objectives of the Department
are;
! to provide educational opportunities for young men
and women desirous of making a career in the
field of Commerce and Management
!
to encourage research relevant to industry and
commerce
! to further the growth of Commerce and Management
education in this part of the country.
!
To organize courses, seminars, workshops and
research programmes in specialized areas in
collaboration with industrial, commercial,
educational and other institutions.
! To assist trade and industry at both small and medium
levels in solving their problems in the context of
ever changing business environment.
Collaboration : To achieve the above objectives and
to increase the effectiveness of the MBA programme,
the department works in collaboration with The School
of Management Studies, University of Cochin. Regional
Engineering College, Calicut, IMG, Calicut and IIMK
Calicut offer faculty support and other facilities to the
department.
Tie Ups : The department also has struck a chord with
industries in and around to ensure all necessary support
for the effective running of the MBA programme.
Other than this tie up, the department is a member of
the Association of Indian Management Schools (AIMS),
Association of Indian Management Development
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July 2004 N E W S
Institutions in South Asia (AMDISA) and International
Management Development Network (INTERMAN) of the
International Labour Organisation (ILO). All these
arrangements go a long way in helping the students fulfill
their aspirations and ambitions.
studies, project report preparation, entrepreneurship
development programmes, organization studies,
management development programmes and market
research studies.
Silver Jubilee of the Department of
Commerce and Management studies
The department has a placement Bureau managed by a
placement comsisting of faculty members and student
representative. Head of the Department is the Chairman
and a member of the faculty is the placement officer.
The objective of the bureau is to help students to plan
their future career.
The department observed its silver Jubilee Year in 199798. The prime objective behind the celebration was to
reposition and re-dedicate the department to the course
of higher and professionalized commercial and managerial
education with an aim to take up the challenges of the
new environment.
A host of well wishers, alumni and teachers of the
affiliated colleges and the department extended their
whole hearted co-operation to make the celebration a
grear success.
Faculty
The department hasan 8 member core faculty, one
honorary Professor and a host of guest teachers.
Dr. A.K. Sarada is the present Head of the Department.
The core faculty of the the Department consists of
Professors Dr. K,C. Vijayajkumar, Dr. E.P. Sainul Abideen,
and Dr. Muraleedharan and Readers, Dr.P. Mohan, Dr.
V.K. Janardhanan, and lectures Dr. Aboobaker Siddique
and Dr. M.A. Joseph.
Curriculum and Scheme
The two year full time MBA programme has four
semesters of sixteen work-week each. The admission to
this course is based on an Entrance test followed by Group
discussion and an interview
A project work has been made an integral part of the
course with a view to provide practical training to the
students.
Support Facilities in the department
Other than a well stocked library, the Department has
professional computer lab and audio visual facilities.
Research and Consultancy Cell
The objective of this cell is to establish a close liaison
with the industries. The plan is to take up feasibility
CU
N E W S July 2004
Placement Bureau
Management Science Association
This is a registered body of the students and members
of the faculty for organizing various co-curriculum
activities in the department
ACMA
Association of Calicut MBA Alumni was formed to faciliate
inteaction between the current students of the
department with the former students. ACMA meets once
in a year providing opportunities for the junior students
to share the knowledge and experiences of their
predecessors.
Ascent- The Mega South Indian
Management Meet
ASCENT, the mega annual management meet, the only
one and the largest of its kind in this part of the country
was started in commemoration of the Silver Jubilee of
the department by the Management students Association
(MSA). The students can showcase their managerial and
related skills through this annual meet.
The meet comprises of competitions like brand wars,
mock press, business quiz, stock game, negotiations,
best manager etc. This meet is being conducted by the
department every year since 1998.
From 2000-2001 onwards the department is conducting
‘stimulous’ management meet for the centres.
Other than these meets, the department conducts
endowment lectures, seminars and symposia to provide
exposure to the students in all aspects of commerce and
management studies.
Krishnakumar. C.K
12
Feature
Feature
Providence:
Pioneer in women education
T
he Providence women’s college established in 1952,
is the pioneer institution of its kind in the Malabar region
of Kerala.The first women’s college in this part of the
state, the Providence college, is managed by sisters of
Apostolic Carmel,a congregation committed to education
and women-empowerment.
During its initial stages the college was affiliated to the
Madras University. Later, after the formation of the Kerala
state, the affiliation got shifted to the university of Kerala
and finally to the University of Calicut in 1968.
Situated atop the picturesque Florican hill at
Malaparamba, Calicut, the college maintains a serene
atmosphere for learning.The motto of the college is “IN
THY LIGHT WE SEE LIGHT ”. It aims at providing a real
learning exposure to the young girls and equipping them
to face the challenges of the times.
The Providence college started functioning in the
Providence High School building with just 67 students
on its roll and seven staff members. The Principal was
Mother Gabrielle.The College got shifted to its own
13
building in Malaparamba in1955. The years which
followed witnessed this instituion materialising the dream
of its founders.
At present the college offers five under graduate courses
in science subjects, three in humanities and one in
commerce. It is also a centre for the three-year degree
course in Information Technology, a programme of the
University of Calicut. There are post graduate courses
in English lanugage and literature and Physics.Two selffinancing courses, BBA and BSc computer science have
also got under way.
The College also plans to introduce new career oriented
programmes like MBA, MCA, MHM, B.Lib. Sc. M.Lib.Sc.
Bsc Applied Bio technology and Multi Media. In the
academic sphere it has made commandable achievement.
In 2004, it has six ranks to its credits with 95% results
on an average in all subjects.
Extra curricular activities
The Providece college has given due imporatnce to extra
curricular activities. Ample oppurtunities are given for
CU
July 2004 N E W S
expressing the talents of the
students in creative writing,
oratory, histionics, dance and
fine arts. The college has
been the recipient of the ‘Best
Women’s college’ trophy for
many years along with the
Trophies in the Arts Festivals.
Students are provided with
adequate facilities and
training in sports and games
on behalf of the National
Sports Organisation on the
Campus. NCC and NSS units
also function on the campus
with an objective to promote
among the students a spirit
of service and sense of
dignity of labour.
‘Reaching Out: Mother Veronica
Project on Capability Building in
Women and Children.’ As a part
of the Project a number of women
centered programmes are
undertaken
by
various
departments of the college.
Sr. M Ancilla A.C, Principal
The College Library
The College maintains a well equipped, computerized
library. Its stack has over 45,000 volumes. In addition, it
subscribes 48 journals, periodicals and dailies. Along
with the main library, the college also maintains
Department Libraries and a Text book library. The Text
book library or the Book Bank gets grants from the
University Grants Commission.
Women-Centred Activities
The Providence college reaffirms its commitment to the
empowerment of women through a number of women
centered activities. On behalf of the Carmel Welfare
Centre, established in 1976 the college runs a ‘Charka
Centre’, where 24 local women are employed. The Centre
also houses a bank that meets the banking needs of
students, the staff of the College and the local people.
Highlighting the Gandhian vision of self reliance, the
college also conducts a number of skill development
programmes.
To adhere to its primary aim of moulding a generation of
value conscious, self reliant and socially committed
women, the College has launched a major project,
CU
N E W S July 2004
The Departments of Commerce,
Economics,
History
and
Mathematics collectively conduct
surveys to review the social
economic and cultural status of
the familities in the neighbouring
villages. The aim is to use the data
base so built up to devise more
effective measures for women
empowerment.
A Learn and Earn programme was implemnted by the
Department of Botany to give vocational training to the
students of the College. Economic independence of
women and creative use of their leisure time are the
twin goals visualised by the programme.
The Department of English has taken up a three pronged
project-The Word Power for Women. Under this project
the Department intends to assist the management in
setting up a library for the local women and children,
hold tuitions in English for the local children and conduct
short term courses in spoken English for the students of
the college.
The project ‘waste to wealth’, launched by the Department
of Zoology endeavours to convert the organic waste into
vermicompost, making use of the activity of two species
of earth worms, namely Eisenia fetida and Eudrilus
eugeniae. The plan is to train batches consisting of twenty
local women each, in the methods of making vermiculture
compost. The team has already completed training the
first batch of local women.
At present the College is headed by Sr. M Ancilla A.C, a
member of the Apostolic Carmelite Congregation. The
college has always fostered the moral and spiritual growth
of the students as well as their creative talents, says the
Principal. She believes that ardent faith and authentic
14
efforts of the Women educators will have a ripple effect
in our society. In the present world of religious and
cultural fragmentation, of glaring economic and social
inequality and erosion of moral and spiritual values she
wishes her college to be a model community which will
up hold social justice, peace and civic responsibilities
and challenges the evils of consumerism, castism and
male chauvinism. “We want the yound women who leave
the portals of this institution to be a light unto themselves
and to the world” she added.
Sujith K.K. & Jobichan
Prof. V. Suryanarayana,Visiting Professor
established with the assistance from The Integrated
Headquarters, Ministry of Defense (Navy) will be on
studying the factors that led to the neglect and decline
of India’s maritime capability.
The advisory boad meeting of the maritime chair
The well-known historian and Director, Centre for SouthEast Asian Studies, Chennai is appointed as the Visiting
Professor of the Chair for Maritime Studies setup in the
University recently. The main focus of the chair
The Chair will guide students for Ph.D and further
academic activities in the associated field. It will also
organise lectures, workshops and seminars on Indian
Ocean studies and maritime strategy for Naval Officers
& Trainees.
In co-operation with other Maritime Research Chairs,
the Chair shall have the right to award fellowships for
research work in consultation with the Donor.
PR News
The Planetarium nearing completion on the Calicut University Campus
15
CU
July 2004 N E W S
Interview
Icy retreat
Prof. Syed Iqbal
Hasnain, ViceChancellor is a wellknown glaciologist.
Recently he was in
New Delhi for the
launch of ‘Save the
Siachen Glacier
Initiative’. excerpts
form an interview
with him by Narayani
Ganesh of Times of
India.
R
onald Emerich’s film ‘The Day
after Tomorrow’ has triggered a huge
controversy. Is its premise that global
warming will lead to a Big Freeze
correct?
It is highly unlikely that we’ll
experience the freeze scenario the
movie depicts. But it highlights the
fact that we are indeed facing a
global warming crisis for the first time
in the 4.5 billion-year history of the
Earth, provoked entirely by human
activity. We’ve had cyclical patterns
of heating and cooling, leading to
meltdowns and ice ages. Ten
thousand to 15,000 years is the
normal gap between global warming
and freezing. Now that the warming
is on, the next ice age can be
CU
N E W S July 2004
expected not before another 10,000
years.
Global warming means meltdown and
rising sea levels… will low-lying areas
get submerged?
Sea levels will rise more when sea
water expands due to temperature
variations and when polar ice caps
melt drastically. Our immediate
problem is receding mountain glaciers
that are water reservoirs crucial for
survival. The Indus river, for instance,
is entirely glacial ice-fed. Glaciers the
world over are receding.
How has human intervention caused
glacial recession?
The military presence in Siachen is a
16
burden on the glacier. More than 1,000 kg human refuse
is deposited in glacial crevices annually with no biodegradation because of the cold, melting snow washes it
into the Indus that feeds India and Pakistan. Gangotri
gets inundated with trekkers during the season. Earlier,
hardly 15 - 20 kavadias would go right up to the glacier.
But now, thousands go. And eateries abound, right up to
the glacier and in Tapovan, a flat area inhabited by sadhus.
Too much of kerosene-based cooking here causes
pollution.
The Gangotri and Siachen areas should be declared a
national park. In fact, UNESCO should declare both as
world heritage sites. Gangotri is sacred to many – all the
more reason why it should be protected. Public awareness
is poor and regulations are rarely implemented. In
Uteranchal, Rs. 50 is paid as deposit before going up the
mountains as undertaking to bring garbage back. Who
bothers? Our efforts are so feeble and half-hearted.
Forests have been denuded. The Bhoj Patra, the birch
tree whose bark was used to write the Vedas, is now
completely destroyed. Some NGOs are engaged in treeplanting activity but this is going to take ages. Then
there is poaching of animals, especially mountain goats.
What are the problems you envisage on the water front?
Eighty per cent of the water flowing in the Indus, Ganga
and Brahmaputra rivers are fed by melting snow and ice.
The perenniality of these rivers is dependent entirely on
glaciers. Tell me, for how long can you sustain the water
supply if ice is not replenished?
When glaciers recede, lakes are formed and cause stress,
generating floods. Debris enhances the melting process
here unlike in Europe. There is a progressive retreat in
the Siachen glacier when you compare satellite images
taken in 1978, 1994 and 2001. Siachen glacier will vanish
quicker than Biofa where there is no army presence. With
elting, initially the discharge hydrograph will go up. But
what will happen some 50 years later? There will be acute
water scarcity. Because of negative mass balance, Icefree areas are increasing. Walking on the Gangotri glacier,
I was horrified to find huge debris cover that also makes
it very dangerous.
17
Would interlinking of rivers help?
You need to look at the ability of those rivers to sustain
the interlinking, especially those with their source in the
Himalayas. And second, there’s the danger of pollution
spreading from one river basin to another, for every river
has its own eco-system. We have to develop and
exhaustive database on the Himalayan rivers. I would
say that limited linkages (of rivers) where feasibility
conditions exist might be okay. But this should certainly
not be undertaken on a large scale.
What should the government do to save Indian glaciers?
The entire proposal to interlink rivers should be reexamined, Second, a database of Himalayan river systems
has to be created. Third, automatic weather stations
should be set up for data acquisition. Fourth, hydrometric
stations should be set up at glacier snouts.
Information collection and collation and analyses is
important. Only then can viable models be created to
help us save the Himalayan ecological system. The
problem is, we’re so adept at ad hocism. Why can’t the
funds, set aside for the river garland project, be used to
develop a viable database to better understand what
we’re up against? After that, maybe even 10 years later,
the river-linking proposal could be examined seriously.
We have to raise the consciousness of people about what
is really happening in Siachen and Gangotri.
!
Vice Chancellor Prof. Syed Iqbal Hasnain with Shika
Kapoor, Journalist, Hindustan Times and Supriya
Baszbaragh, Journalist, India Today at British High
Commission, New Delhi on May 27, 2004 to launch
‘Save the Siachen Glacier Initiative’.
CU
July 2004 N E W S
Report
Biotech Spruce-up of some
Traditionals of Kerala
The Tropical Botanic
Garden and Research
Institute (TBGRI)
organised a three-day
National Seminar on
Microbial Biobdiversity
from May 27 at
Thiruvananthapuram.
Dr. I.D. Konikkara,
Reader, Dept. of Life
Sciences and some of his
students participated in
it. A brief report on their
presentation.
Organic sediment from timber, blocking river.
I
n the line of truly meaningful
ground level, Kerala-focussed
adaptation of modern biotech
concepts,three papers were
presented by the PG students team
(under Dr. I. D. Konikkara, Reader,
Department of Life Sciences,
University of Calicut) at the National
Seminar on “Microbial Diversity-A
source
of
Innovation
in
Biotechnology” end of May last at
TBGRI, Triruvananthapuram.Two of
them are exploratory forays into
traditional Kerala practices ie.
Ayurvedic aasavam fermentaitons
(herbal medicinal concoction) and
timber curing in open waters, both
CU
N E W S July 2004
with ample public health overtones.
The former, being highly sought after
in overseas markets today, demands
long shelf life between manufacture
and consumption and also calls for
stricter standadization for allaying
fears on disguised narcotic drugs. Use
of chemical preservatives and
dependence on simple organoleptic
tests (taste,smell tests) are the
current solutions. Chemicals can
affect the very efficacy of the
medicinal preparation as these
aasavams are generally “live” with
microbial activity and even “improves”
during
storage/warehousing.
Chemicals thwart this as well as rout
the very critical food-restrictions that
such preparations call for. The attempt
here was to study and manipulate the
microbial role to encourage selfgeneration of natural preservatives
and also perhaps shorten the
manufacturing process. Also the
search for a chemical spectral
signature is being made to allow
quick, precise identification and
standardization of any given
aasavam.
Timber curing, a seemingly
“innocuous happening”in our open
waters, throws up a lot of public
health problems. The heavy organic
sedimentation due to microbial
18
gas stocks. A desk-top study in this
line confirmed the benefits mentioned
above.
Endless” spirochaete in timbercuring by SAS.
growth on extracts leaching from the
timber causes the black gruelly
deposits near such sites.This stifles
the very lumen of many of the
otherwise well flowing rivers,
stagnating huge stretches, in spite of
their being long billed as “flowing”
and hence non-mosquito breeding!
The salt-free stretches of timber
curing areas tend to support Culex
mosquitoes, the transmitter of
filariasis , often graduating to the
crippling elephantiasis. Further,
microbial oxygen depletion stifles fish
wealth and touristically capturing
scenic sites are lost in black filth and
fetid stench ,discouraging any sort of
water sports. The environmental
scourge is comparable with the
coastal, more extensive coconuthusk retting ( for coir).The recent
propagation in the media that
mosquito control is not useful in
filariasis control is really a very
strange flash.
A closed timber-curing system,
biotechnologically perfected , perhaps
with eventual wanton inoculations
with specific microbes, will be a great
improvement from pollution and
public health point of view. It will also
help in assigning new qualities to the
wood and help in process-hastening,
and harvesting of biogas that now
escapes, adding to the greenhouse
19
Both aasavam fermentaion and
timber curing essentially involve
microbial bioprocess on plant matter.
An attempt to expose novel but
obscure microbial communities typical
in such unique open systems, using
a slide-adhesion-system (SAS)
revealed several strange microbial
forms NOT demonstrable by culture
techniques (see color photomicrographs). These findings are in
conformity with the now-universallyaccepted view that “what microbes
Extra-thick walled cells in timber
curing by SAS.
have been cultured and studied
todate only constitute some 1% of the
total that exists on earth, the
remaining 99% lying obscure”. SAS
has proved to be an efficient tool in
exposing at least the morphology of
these obscure forms. The other
supporting evidences for the theory
comes only from newly discovered
DNA fragment studies.
The third paper should help improve
greatly instructional activity in
Colleges/Institutions dealing out
microbiology curricula. Culture media
cost is at least part of the deterrent
to actual conduct of necessary
practical training, in microbiology.
Simple locally compoundable media
based on wastes like rice-wash/dhalwash water in student hostels have
been shown to be near-zero in cost
terms. It is also much more revealing
in microbial biodiversity terms,not to
mention the far speedier growth of
individual microbes into large enough
colonies for recording. It also exposes
otherwise hidden classifying features
like pigment production, starch
breakdown etc.!. This concept is soon
to be popularised at instructional level
in microbiology to get a more
wholesome practical deal-out ,
including sufficient additional practice
sessions for the students. Failing this,
there is danger with jobs taken up in
critical medical diagnostic lab and
such. The following are the three
papers presented:
1. “Obscure Microbiologies in Timber
curing” by I. D. Konikkara, Anjana
Janardhanan, Divia Padmanabhan
and Neeba Balakrishnan.
2. “Microbial Succesion during
fermentaion of Pippalyasavam” by
Benesh Joseph and I. D. Konikkara.
3. “Biodiversity-wise more revealing
low-cost culture media” by Jafarali
OPC and I. D. Konikkara.
!
Sausage shaped “giants” from
Pippalyasavam by SAS.
CU
July 2004 N E W S
Varsity in brief
Varsity in brief
Course content in digital format.
T
he University Publication Division released last month the CD of the course content of the
postgraduate diploma course in multi media. This marks the beginning of digitising the syllabi
and other contents of various courses of the University from this academic year onwards.
With the introduction of the course content CDs, students as well as teachers will get easy
accessibility to academic details of all courses. The CDs will be made available to the institutes
and colleges affiliated to the University. And, they can make timely changes and update the
syllabus of any course they want in consultation with the University and make them available to
students.
The price of the course content CD of PG Diploma in
Multimedia is Rs.50. It may vary for other courses
depending on their content. The CDs will be available at
the University Central Cooperative Stores’ main branches
in Thrissur, Kozhikkode and Kannur and in college stores.
The course content will be made available on the University
website also.
PR News
UGC awards for AVRC documentaries
T
wo educational video documentaries produced by the University’s Audio Visual Research
Centre have won awards at the 16th UGC-CEC Educational Video Competition held at New Delhi.
The documentary, Weeds - the Biological Invaders, produced and scripted By Sheji. R has been
adjudged the best documentary on environment and development issues. The documentary
focuses on Mikajia-micarantha, the South American weed that has invaded large tracts of
wastelands and outer areas of prime forests in South and central Kerala. Besides highlighting the
threat of this weed to the flora of Kerala, the documentary portrays the potential efforts of the
Scientists of Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI), Peechi, in identifying certain bio-control
agents to check the menace. Dr. K. V. Sankaran of the KFRI was the subject expert.
The documentary, which was adjudged as the best series of the year 2003, is the one on Kerala
puppetry. The first part deals with the shadow theatre of Kerala. The second part focuses on the
string puppets and the third part deals with pavakathakali, the glove puppet.
The script and production were done by Sateesh.T, Abdu Raoof A. I and Dr. Syed Amjed Ahmed
respectively. Prof. Raghavan paynnad, Venu. G and T. P. Kunhiraman were the subject experts
for the series. The award consists of Rs.30, 000 cash and citation.
P R News
CU
N E W S July 2004
20
Campus round-up
Campus round up
Sanskrit
Vedic performance tradition to be explored
Dr. Cezary Galewics, Professor of Indology,
Poland said, the performance tradition of the
Vedic literature need be explored to find out
the full significance of the scriptural texts. He
was delivering a special lecture on ‘Current
Trends in Vedic Research’ at the Inter
disciplinary Research Forum, Department of
Sanskrit.
Dr. Galewics pointed out that earlier European
notion of Vedic research was more or less textcentered. Scholars like Max Muller even
conceived the idea of preparing a critical edition
of Rigveda. But, given the multitude of various
traditions, now it is increasingly being
recognised that this is not practicable.
Dr. Galewics pointed out that scriptures like
the Rigveda have practical contexts of
application in the Indian tradition. Kerala is
one of the few regions wherein this tradition is
kept alive, as recitation festivals like Katavallur
Anyonyam testify. Kerala has also preserved
the tradition of Vedic Mantras on specific rituals,
he said. Prof. Galewics also drew attention to
the various recitation exercises in vogue in the
region.
Dr. Galewics stressed the importance of interdisciplinary approach to the study of Rigveda,
making use of disciplines like Anthropology and
Sociology.
Dr. C. Rajendran, Head of the Department of
Sanskrit, Presided over the function.
PR News
Koodiyattam
Department of Sanskrit organised the presentation of Koodiyattam in collaboration with Kerala
Kalamandalam, at the University Seminar Complex. Kalamandalam Ramachakyar and his team presented
the Prahasanam- Bhagavatajjukiyam - written by Bhodayana. The play is a sharp criticism on the misuse of spiritualism for worldly pleasures. Kalamandalam Ramachakiyar, Kalamandalam Girija Sailaja and
Kalamandalam Sivan Namboodiri participated in the performance.
PR News
21
Appointed
Nominated
Dr.K.N.Neelakantan Elayath, noted
Sanskrit Scholar and former Professor,
Department of Sanskrit, has
been selected for the award
of emeritus Fellowship of the
UGC. He has joined the
Department of Sanskrit as
Emeritus fellow.
Dr. C. Rajendran, Professor and Head,
Department of Sanskrit has been nominated
as the syndicate member of Sree
Sankaracharya University of
Sanskrit, Kalady for a period of
4 years with effect from June
2004.
CU
July 2004 N E W S
Campus round up
Campus round-up
Physics
Nominated
Dr. K. Muraleedhara Varier of the
Department of Physics
is nominated member
of the Governing Body
of the Nuclear Science
Centre, a New Delhibased autonomous
Inter
University
research centre under
the University Grants
Commission. The nomination is for three
years.
The Nuclear Science Centre offers front
ranking research facilities in nuclear physics,
atomic physics, material science and radiation
based biological sciences. All these are
accessible to university level teachers and
research scholars. Two students have already
been awarded PhD based on their work using
the NSC facilities under Dr. Varier’s guidance.
Dr. Varier has been associated with the Nuclear
Science Centre since its inception 15 years ago.
He has actively participated in various research
studies at the centre. He was also a member
of the Accelerator Users Committee.
PR News
Zoology
New Projects
Department of Science & Technology (Govt. of
India, New Delhi) has identified the department
of Zoology for support under the FIST (Fund
for Improvement of Science & Technology
Infrastructure in Universities and Higher
Educational Institutions) programme. The total
quantum of support under the programme is
Rs. 29 lakh for a period of 5 years.
The University Grants Commission has
sanctioned a Rs.11. 28 lakh research project to
Dr. K. V. Lazar, Lecturer in this Department. The
title of the project is Expression of
haematopoietic growth factors in acute
myelogenous leukemia patients. The duration
of the project is 3 years.
Reception to Dr. P. K. Sudheesh Kumar
Dr. P. K. Sudheesh Kumar, lecturer,
Department of Education
who was awarded the
second doctoral degree
was accorded a reception
by colleagues and friends
on May 12 at the
Department of Adult
Education. Dr. Sudheesh
got his first PhD for his study about the Learning
problems of students. His second thesis is on
‘Occupational stress of Teachers and stress
management’.
CU
N E W S July 2004
Dr. Sudheesh is the recipient of the National
Award for Innovations in Teacher Education in
1997. In 2000, he won the UGC-CEC Educational
Video film competition award for the Best Subject
Expert. An author and regular contributor to many
journals, he has constructed and standardized
28 Psycho-Educational research tools. He is the
member of the American Psychological
Association (APA), the Centre for New Directions
in Learning (UK), the Council of Teacher Educators
(Kerala), and the SITU council of Educational
Research, Chennai.
PR News
22
Campus round up
Campus round-up
School of Drama
...rain... rain... come this way....
The School of Drama Students presenting a music-drill at the Rain Celebration held on the campus to welcome
the monsoon,
Summer theatre camp
The Scholl of Drama and Fine Arts organised a threeweek long theatre camp for school children. Children from
Lallor, the village where the School of Drama is located,
were the main participants. Vijesh, a senior student of
Bachelor of Theatre Arts, was the co-ordinator of the
workshop
This is for the first time that School of Drama organises
a theatre extension programme for school children.
Campus – Theatre Film
A campus-Theatre-Film, ‘Chodyam’, was produced and
directed by the students of fifth semester B.T.A as part
of their Film and T.V training course, with the co-operation
of the people of Laloor village.
CULT re-organised
The once –prestigious Calicut University Little Theatre
(CULT) founded by the late Prof. G.Sankara Pillai has
been reorganised with financial support from the
Universtiy.
The Theatre Ensemble of the old students has produced
the play Ravunni, by P. M. Taj for public presentation.
Surjith and Divya are the directors of this play. Official
preview presentation is to be held at the main campus
at Thenjipalam by July end.
P.R. News
23
CU
July 2004 N E W S
Campus round up
Obituary
CU Union members sworn in
Dr. V. K. Sasidharan
Dr. V K Sasidharan,
52, former Head,
Department of Life
Sciences, died on 16
May
of
brain
hemorrhage. He had
served the Life
Sciences Dept. for
eighteen years, seven
years as the Head of
the Deptartment.
An expert in Biochemistry, Dr. Sasidharan’s is the first
ever PhD in medical faculty in Kerala. He did his Post
Doctoral programme in Auckland University, New
Zealand. Though he had been offered a faculty
position in Australia, he refused it and chose to serve
his home state and its people.
Dr. Sasidharan was a member of the Academic Council
and Senate, and was Chairman of the Board of
Physiology and Biochemistry. He was also a Research
Guide in the faculties of Medicine and Science.
He had actively associated with a number of STEC
projects.
Prof. Sasidharan’s professional brilliance was amply
displayed in his fortifying work on the benefits of dietary
fibre in protecting against orally consumed carcinogens
and in critical explorations on plant lectins of the
campus in various uses like anti microbials, molecular
purification aids etc.
The newly elected members of the University Union were
sworn-in on 23 June at the University Seminar Complex.
Pof. Syed Iqbal Hasnain, Vice-Chancellor, University of
Calicut, administered the oath of office.
In his speech, Prof. Hasnain said that Union activities
should not be confined to organizing cultural
extravaganzas. It should also commit itself to more
serious academic and curricular activities.
Dr. Sajesh, Govt. Medical College, Kozhikkode was sworn
in as the Chairman and K I Shabeer, Sree Krishna College,
Guruvayoor, the General Secretary. K S Sandeep,
Prajyothi Nikethan College, Thrissur (Vice-Chairman),
Sreekala Sridhar, Providence College, Kozhikkode (ViceChairperson), and K P Sandeep, Sree Narayana College,
Nattika (joint Secretary) are the other office bearers.
The newly elected District Executive Committee
members are C P Kunju Muhammed, M.E.S. College,
Ponnani, R Nikhi, Malabar Christian College, Kozhikkode,
P J Bineesh, St. Mary’s College, Sulthan Bathery, P P
Sumod, Sree Neelakanta Govt. Sanskrit College, Pattambi
and P M Sangeeth, Christ College, Irinjalakuda.
Dr. P P Mohamed, Registrar, University of Calicut, Prof.
V. Narayanan Kutty, V P Abdul Hamid, Adam Mulsi(
Syndicate members), R S Panicker, President, Federation
of All Kerala University Employees and K Viswanath,
General Secretary, Calicut University Employees Union
Spoke on the occasion.
Sreekala Chalil
The University community paid homage to
Dr.Sasidharan at a condolence meeting held on the
campus.
Dr. Sasidharan is survived by his wife Dr. Ranjini,
lecturer, Govt Arts and Science College, Calicut.
Abdul Shukoor
CU
N E W S July 2004
Calicut University Union 2004-2005, Office bearers with Vice
Chancellor Prof. Syed Iqbal Hasnain after taking the oath.
24
Campus flowers
White bottle-brush tree
O
White bottle-brush tree
ne cannot resist stopping for a while to have a closer
look at the white bottlebrush-like blossoms or to touch
and perhaps to peel off the cushion-like flaky bark of
Melaleuca leucodendron.
Unlike many other exotic trees, Melaleuca puts forth its
magnificent floral bunches at the onset of the monsoon. A
pervading fragrance arises from the nectar laden brush-like
blooms, which appear at the tips of branchlets. One can
find thousands of honeybees and other nectar feeding
insects flying around the tree when it is in full bloom.
The generic name Melaleuca is derived from the Greek
melas, black and leukos, white, referring to the colour of
the old and new barks.
The genus with about 220 species is mostly confined to
Australia or Tasmania except for M. leucodendron, which is
also found in Malaya and New Caledonia. As with many
other Australian immigrants such as eucalyptus, acacias,
grevilleas and callistemons, Melaleuca grow well in the hills
and in the plains.
A dozen saplings of Melaleuca planted in 1992 at the Calicut
University Campus started blooming in 1995. The tree
resembles the popular bottle-brushes, Callistemon species
in its foliage and inflorescence. But unlike callistemons,
25
the inflorescence axis of Melaleuca never grows beyond a
head of flowers to produce new leaves.
The tree has a conical crown and reaches upto 10 m in
height with several slender upright branches. The trunk is
undulate with a papery white bark, peeling off in broad
stripes. The leaves are eucalyptus-like, 5-8 cm long, thick,
elliptic or lance-shaped and fragrant when crushed.
Flowers are produced in spikes amidst lush green foliage.
One to eight spikes are produced at the apex of each
branchlet. The flowers are small, hardly 5 mm across with
a creamy-white corolla and a greenish calyx cup. To a casual
observer, stamens are barely discenible from the corolla and
calyx. The woody fruits often persist on the tree for many
years.
In June to July, Melaleuca leucodendron bears its flowers
prolifically. It is best suited for planting along avenues and
in parks. Among the several species of the genus found in
Australia, M. quinquenervia,the Cajput tree and M.
spathulata, the Honey myrtle, are hardy enough for South
Indian conditions. The tree can be propagated from seeds
and also by air layering. Melaleuca prefers rich, moist,
well-drained soil and an open sunny position.
A.K.Pradeep
CU
July 2004 N E W S
Doctoral degree update
Following is the latest list of doctoral degree awards:
English
Leesa Sadasivan: Affective Variables in the ESL Performance of Learners in Kerala. (Dr. B. Sreedevi)
Anne Mary K. Manavalan: Comprehension and Communication in English: A Perspective of its problems in the
undergraduate classes. (Dr. B. Sreedevi)
Suresh Kumar. N: Evolving a New English Language Acquisition Programme at Primary level- A cognitive interationist
approach. (Dr. M. Dasan)
Agitha Devi. P.G: Righting History: Writing as Resistance-A study of Native Canadian women writing. (Dr..M..Dasan)
Nagesh. S: The Connection Man: A Study of Russel Hoban’s Fiction. (Dr. P. Geetha)
Hindi
Sadisharan Kuniyil: Adhunik Hindi Kavitha Mein Lok Chetana. (Dr. Iqbal Ahmed)
Ushakumari Valladath: The Changing concept of Women Characters in Modern Hindi Drama (with special reference
to the dramas of Upendra Nath Ashk, Lakshmi Narayan Lal Shankar Shesh and Mohan rakesh).
(Dr..M.S..Viswambharan)
Ambili. M.K: Expression of Satire in Modern Hindi One Act Plays. (Dr. M.S. Viswambharan)
Malayalam
Malathi K.P: P, A[n\nthihpw Ncn{Xhpw ˛ Fw. apIpµs‚ cN\Ifnse \n¿eo\ km∂n≤yßsf-°p-dn-s®m-c-t\zjWw (Dr. K.P. Mohanan)
Divakaran. R. V. M: Fiction in to screen Play: A Study Based on the works of Basheer, Padmarajan and Adoor. (IY
Xnc-°-Y-bm-hp-tºmƒ: _jo¿, ]fl-cmP≥, ASq¿ F∂n-h-cpsS cN-\-Isf B[m-c-am°n Hcp ]-T-\w. (Dr. P.B. Lalkar)
A.M. Sreedharan: Life and Culture of Mukayas in Kasargod District (Imk¿tKmUv Pn√bnse apI-b¿: Pohn-Xhpw
kwkvIm-c-hpw) Dr. M.V. Vishnu Namboodiri)
Sanskrit
Indira N.M: Kriyakarma of Melpattur Narayana Bhattathiri - A Critical Study. (Dr. N.V.P. Unithiri)
History
Ammad. K: The Rise and Growth of Ponnani from 1498 AD to 1792 AD. (Dr. V. Kunhali)
Mohammed T.A: Muslim Politics in Kerala (1921-1967). (Dr. K.T. Mohammed Ali)
Economics
Ramachandran K.V: Demand for Low Cost Building Materials in Kerala. (Dr. U.T. Damayanti)
Suresh Kumar M.S: Economics of Plastic Industry in India with Special Reference to Kerala. (Dr. K.R. Lakshmy
Devy)
Kamalasanan K.N: Resource Mobilisation for Economics Developments: The Role of Local bodies- A case study of
Kerala. (Dr. D.P. Nair)
CU
N E W S July 2004
26
George K.M: Economics of Economic Offences: A Study of Customs Offences in Kerala. (Dr. P.P. Pillai)
Philosophy
Chandini P.K: Post Metaphysical Thinking and the problem of Indeterminacy of truth and meaning: A critical study
with reference to Francois Lyotard, Jaques Derrida and Richar Rorty. (Dr. P.K. Pokker)
Psychology
Sudheesh Kumar P.K: Quality of Life and Perceived Causes of Occupational Stress among Teachers.
(Dr..T..Sasidharan)
Commerce
Jose P. T: Customer Attitude towards Direct Selling Strategies in Kerala-A Study with reference to Multi level
marketing companies. (Dr. K.P. Muraleedharan)
Job K. E: A Study on the Problems and prospects of Food Processing Industries with special reference to Palakkad
district. (Dr. K.C. Vijayakumar)
Education
Padmanabhan. M: Effectiveness in Geography Achievement under Guided Discovery Learning and Reception
Learning conditions. (Dr. K. Karunakaran)
Vijayan Pillai. P: Effectiveness of Learner Oriented Participatory Approach in continuing education programme.
(Dr. K. Karunakaran)
Hassan Koya. M. P: Influence of Learning Style Approaches to studying and Achievement motivation on achievement
in Biology of secondary school pupils. (Dr. P.K. Sudheesh Kumar)
Showkath Hussain: An Analytical study of the Socio-Familial status of low Achievers among the secondary schools
students of Kerala State. (Dr. P. Kelu)
Jose. K. T: A Study of Certain Personality Variables which Discriminate between high and low success teachers of
mathematics. (Dr. A. Sukumaran Nair)
Vijaya Kumar. R: An Investigation into the Mechanics of A brasive Jet Machining. (Dr. R. Raveendran Nair)
Mathematics
Joymon Joseph. P: Neighbours in the Lattice of Topologies. (Dr. P.T. Ramachandran)
Physics
Karunakaran Nair. K: Investigations on gamma ray interactions using 137cs Gamma Rays. (Dr. K.M. Variar)
Sunil Kumar Rayaroth Thazhekuniyil: Vowel Phoneme Recognition from Zero Crossing Based Parameters using
artificial neural networks.(Dr. N.K. Narayanan)
Chemistry
Indira Devi. G: Studies on Transition Metal Complexes of Schiff Bases Derived from aminoacids. (Dr. Geetha
Parameswaran)
Rosamma. M.K: Studies on Biological Activity and constituents of Essential Oils. (Dr. P. Mohammed Shafi)
27
CU
July 2004 N E W S
Rajan M. P: Development of Heterocyclic Carboxyl Activating Groups and Their Applications in Peptide Systhesis.
(Dr. E. Purushothaman)
Muhammed Basheer Ummathur: Metal Complexes of Some Conjugated b -ketoanilides. (Dr. K. Krishnankutty)
Botany
Minoo Divakaran: Seedling and Somaclonal Variation and Their Characterization in Vanilla. (Dr. K.V. Peter)
Subin M. P: A Comparative Evaluation of Mineral Nutrient Effect on Growth and Biomass Accumulation Pattern of
a Leguminous (Pongamia glabra Vent.) and a non-leguminous (Terminalia arjuna(Roxb.) Wright & Arn).
(Dr..K. Unnikrishnan)
Mohana Kurup. K: Studies on the Adiantoid Cheilanthoid Ferns of South India. (Dr. P.V. Madhusoodhanan)
Radhakrishnan. V. V: Studies on Variability Genetic Divergence and Crop Improvement in Cardomom (Elletartia
Cardomom Maton). (C. Dr. K.V. Mohanan)
Delse P Sebastian: Micro Propagation of Some Important Medicinal Plants of Kerala. (Dr. Aleyamma Thomas)
Oomen P. Saj: Cytotoxic Studies and the exploration of Essential oils in some Members of Myrtaceae.
(Dr..John.E.Thoppil)
Zoology
Sindhu. A: Histophysiological Studies on the Digestive System of Spodoptera mauritia Bois (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
(Dr. V.S. Krishnan Nair)
Molly Kurian: Systematics and Bionomics of Edible Catfishes of Inland Waters of Central Kerala. (Dr. N.D. Inasu)
Mahesh Kumar Madathil:Studies on the Lepidoptera of Nelliampathy Forests. (Dr. George Mathew)
Ushakumari. R: Investigation on the Alpha Systematics of Platygastroidea (Hymenoptera) of Kerala State.
(Dr..T.C..Narendran)
Lambert Kishore: Investigation on the Alpha Systematics of Vespidae (Hymenoptera) of Kerala State.
(Dr..T.C..Narendran)
Fousi K: Alpha Systematics of Some Genera of Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) of Kerala. (Dr. T.C. Narendran)
Sobha. T.R: Acarine Pests of Crop Plants. (Dr. M.A. Haq)
Mangalalaxmy Subramanian: Studies on the Free Radical Turnover Rates During the Development of Bombyx
Mori. (Dr. K.V. Lazar)
George Mathew: Environmental Studies of Some Selected Wetlands in Malabar with Special Reference to Bird
Life. (Dr. D.N. Mathew)
DIRECTOR IN-CHARGE
CU
N E W S July 2004
28
Fly UP