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BA POLITICAL SCIENCE IV Semester [ 2013 Admission] V Semester [
School of Distance Education
UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
BA POLITICAL SCIENCE
IV Semester [ 2013 Admission]
V Semester [2011 Admission]
Core Course
ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL POLITICAL THOUGHT
QUESTION BANK
1. Political Thought originated in ancient Europe in
a) Rome
c) England
b) Greece
d) None of the above
2. Who among the following is not a Greek Political thinker?
a) Socrates
c) Aristotle
b) Plato
d) Machiavelli
3. Greece is situated in the …………. of Europe
a) North
c) East
b) South
d) West
4. Basically, the people of Greece lived in
a) Cities
b) The State
5. A
a)
b)
c)
d)
c) City-States
d) Both (a) and (b)
City-State was
A modern City
A small Nation State
A Community of people living together
A Village
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6. Athens was
a) A City-State
b) A Village
c) A Township
d) A State
7. The people of Greece developed their philosophy because
a) They were warriors
b) They had calm and clear minds
c) God revealed Philosophy to them
d) None of the above
8. Plato lived during
a) 5th and 4th century BC
b) 4th and 3rd century BC
c) 3rd and 2nd century BC
d) 4th and 5th century AD
9. Plato was a disciple of
a) Aristotle
b) Polybius
c) Cicero
d) Socrates
10. Plato instituted
a) The Academy
b) The university of Athens
c) Lyceum
d) Coliseum
11. Plato was
a) A Political Thinker
b) A Political Philosopher
c) A Mathematician
d) All the above
12. Which one of the following is Plato’s work?
a) The Lyceum
c) The Republic
b) The Prince
d) None of the above
13. Following is a fundamental idea of Plato
a) Theory of Education
c) Theory of Justice
b) The Ideal Man
d) All the above
14. According to Plato, the following are the three elements in man
a) Reason, Spirit, Appetite
c) Justice, Liberty, Equality
b) Reason, Justice, Equality
d) Reason,
Spirit,
Justice
15. In Plato’s State, the element of Reason is present in
a) Philosophers
c) Workers
b) Soldiers
d) Common Men
16. In Plato’s State, the element of Spirit is present in
a) Philosophers
c) Workers
b) Soldiers
d) None of the above
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17. In Plato’s State, the element of Appetite is present in
a) Philosophers
c) Workers
b) Soldiers
d) Priests
18.
According to the Philosophy of Plato, the fundamental character of
Philosopher is
a) Wisdom
c) Appetite
b) Courage
d) None of the above
19. The basic character of Soldiers, according to Plato, is
a) Wisdom
c) Appetite
b) Courage
d) None of the above
20. In Plato’s State, the economic motive is satisfied by
a) Philosophers
c) Workers
b) Soldiers
d) None of the above
21. In Plato’s State, the Government is run by
a) Philosophers
c) Workers
b) Soldiers
d) Constitution
22.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Plato’s Philosopher King is
A King
A Philosopher
A Philosopher who is like a King
A King who is like a Philosopher
23.
a)
b)
c)
d)
The most prominent characteristic of Plato’s State is
There is specialization of functions
There is no specialization of functions
There is decentralization of functions
There is no decentralization of functions.
24.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Plato
The State is Justice, Liberty and Equality Writ Large
The State is Society Writ Large
The State is Philosopher Writ Large
The State is Individual Writ Large
25.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Plato was for
Equal Status for Men and Women
Higher Status for Men
Higher Status for Women
None of the above
26.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Plato, the objective of State is
Good Life
Good Administration
Good Philosophy
Good Economy
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27.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Platonic system of education is
Systematic and Progressive
Systematic but not Progressive
Progressive but not Systematic
Neither Systematic nor Progressive
28.
According to the Platonic system of education, Higher Education
starts at the age of
a) 18
c) 25
b) 20
d) 35
29.
According to Platonic System of Education, education for the
Philosopher King is
a) Till the age of 35
c) Life-Long
b) Till the age of 55
d) None of the above
30.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Plato’s system of Communism is meant only for
Philosophers and Soldiers
Soldiers and Workers
Philosophers Soldiers and Workers
Philosophers and Workers.
31.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Plato’s Communism,
Only the Upper Class can have property
Only the Lower Classes can have property
Both Upper Class and Lower Class can have Property
Nether Upper Class nor Lower class can have Property
32.
According to Plato, the reason for not giving private property to all
classes is because
Private property is not good for people
Private property will lead to personal ambitions
Economic and political power in the same hands is not for State
Both (b) and (c) above.
a)
b)
c)
d)
33.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Plato’s scheme of Education, Higher Education consists
of the study of
Music and Gymnastics
Logic, Mathematics, Geometry, Astronomy
Military and diplomatic Training
None of the above
34. According to Plato’s scheme of Education, Gymnastics is good for the
a) Body
c) Spirit
b) Mind
d) None of the above
35. According to Platonic scheme of education, Music is good for
a) Body
c) Both (a) and (b) above
b) Soul
d) None of the above
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36.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Plato, Justice at the individual level means
Selecting the true vocation in life
Abiding by the Philosopher
Having the right kind of education at the right age
A service in the Military at the right time.
37.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Plato, Justice has
Only Individual Dimension
only Societal Dimension
Both Individual and societal dimensions
None of the above
38.
Platonic concept of Justice at the societal level means division of
society into
Philosophers, Soldiers and Workers
Philosophers and Soldiers
Rich and the poor
Rulers and the ruled
a)
b)
c)
d)
39.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Plato, the following classes should live in barracks
Philosophers and slaves
Masters and Slaves
Philosophers and Soldiers
None of the above
40. Plato’s ‘Republic’ contains his ideas about
a) Justice
c) Theory of Education
d) All the above
b) Theory of State
41. The Academy instituted by Aristotle was called
a) The Academy
c) Ecclesia
b) Lyceum
d) None of the above
42.
Who among the following strongly said that “Man is a Political
Animal”?
a) Socrates
c) Aristotle
b) Plato
d) None of the Above.
43.
According to Aristotle, when Family cannot meet all Man’s needs, he
formed
a) The Village
c) The Commune
b) The State
d) None of the above
44. According to Aristotle, the following is the highest form of Community
a) The Family
c) The Commune
b) The Village
d) The State
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45.
Who said, “The State came into being for the sake of good life and
continues for the sake of good life” ?
a) Socrates
c) Aristotle
b) Plato
d) None of the above
46. Who said, “Without the State Man cannot realize his destiny”?
a) Socrates
c) Aristotle
b) Plato
d) None of the above
47.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Aristotle, the State is
Product of selfishness of man
A convenience
Organic in nature
Inorganic in nature
48.
Who among the following philosophers proposed the evolutionary
theory of State?
a) Socrates
c) Aristotle
b) Plato
d) Polybius
49.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Aristotle, the function of the State is
Good administration
Economic Goodness
Moral perfection of the individual
None of the above
50. Who among the following philosophers proposed a Theory of Slavery?
a) Socrates
c) Polybius
b) Aristotle
d) Machiavelli
51.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Aristotle, the particular quality of a Master is
Physical strength
Intellectual Strength
Both Physical strength and intellectual strength
None of the above
52.
a)
b)
c)
d)
In a Master-Slave relationship, according to Aristotle, the Slave is
Not at all benefitted
Benefitted
Selling his work to his Master
None of the above
53.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Aristotle, Slavery is good for the Slave because
He gets constant supply of food
The Master protects the slave
The Master does not kill the Slave
He gets Virtue in a second hand manner
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54. According to Aristotle, a Master can use the Slave
a) To make money and power
c) For leisure
b) To protect himself
d) None of the above
55.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Aristotle, Constitution
Determines arrangement of the offices of the State
Determines who holds the offices
Is not just the part of the State; but the State itself
All the above
56.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Aristotle, the three normal forms of Governments are
Kingship, Aristocracy and Polity
Kingship, Aristocracy and Democracy
Tyranny, Oligarchy and Democracy
None of the above
57. According to Aristotle, Kingship might degenerate into
a) Tyranny
c) Democracy
b) Oligarchy
d) None of the above
58.
According to Aristotle, which one of the following is the best form of
Government?
a) Kingship
c) Polity
b) Aristocracy
d) Democracy
59.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Aristotle, the cause of Revolution is
Man’s desire for equality and love for gain and honour
Undue importance of some individuals in public life
Carelessness in granting office and neglect of changes
All the above
60.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Aristotle, the best method to prevent Revolution is to
Develop the spirit of obedience to law
Observe small changes in constitution
Prevent concentration of too much power in too few hands
All the above
61.
a)
b)
c)
d)
The Romans spread which one of the following idea/ideas in Europe?
Universal Law
Jus Naturale
Brotherhood of man and World Citizenship
All the above
62.
In ancient Rome, the Law applicable to both the Citizens and
foreigners is called
a) Jus Naturale
c) Jus Gentium
b) Jus Civile
d) None of the above
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63.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Which one of the following statements is true about Roman Law?
It consists of only Jus Gentium
It consists of only Jus Naturale
It consists of only Jus Civile
It is a product of Jus Gentium, Jus Naturale and Jus Civile
64.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Which one of the following is a characteristic of Roman law?
Secularisation of Law
Universal nature of Law
Individual is the centre of legal thought
All the above
65.
Which one of the following is the author of “Histories” which
explained Roman success?
a) Polybius
c) Socrates
b) Cicero
d) None of the above
66. The Consuls of the Roman society represented the elements of
a) Monarchy
c) Democracy
b) Aristocracy
d) None of the above
67.
In the ancient roman society, the financial and judicial powers were
vested with
a) The Consuls
c) The Popular Assembly
b) The Senate
d) None of the above
68. Which one of the following is the famous work by Cicero?
a) The Histories
c) The Prince
b) De Republica
d) None of the above
69.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Cicero, which one of the following is the best form of
government?
Monarchy
Aristocracy
Democracy
A mix of Monarchy, Aristocracy and Democracy
70.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Cicero,
Law is divine in nature
Law means submission to the will of God
Law is mind of God
All the above
71.
a)
b)
c)
d)
“Hindu Political Thought” means
Political Thought of Hindu religion
Political Thought given in Vedas
Political Thought of Hindu Rajas
Political Thought which originated in the Indian continent
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72. “Dharma” means
a) Virtuous path
b) Higher Truth
c) The right duty of a person
d) All the above
73.
Concept of Dharma was followed by
a) Budhism
b) Jainism
c) Hinduism
d) All the above
74.
Name the political thinker who was the Prime Minister of Maurya
Emperor
a) Kautilya
c) Vishnu Guptha
d) All the above
b) Chanakya
75. The famous work by Kautilya
a) Arthasaastra
b) The Prince
76.
a)
b)
c)
d)
c) The Republic
d) None of the above
“Arthasaastra” means
The science of political economy
The science of meanings
The science of government
None of the above
77. The ‘Rajarshi’ or King of Kautilya is
a) An autocrat
b) A Democrat
c) An Oligarch
d) None of the above
78.
The science of Law and punishment according to Hindu political
thought is called
a) Matsyanyaya
c) Rashtradharma
b) Dharma
d) Dantaniti
79.
a)
b)
c)
d)
‘Matsyanyaya’ in the ancient Hindu Political Thought means
Art of law and punishment
Grihadharma
In the absence of the ruler, the strong will destroy the weak.
None of the above
80.
In the ancient Hindu Political thought, the concept close to
‘Sovereignty’ is called
Dharma
Rajadharma
Rajatva
None of the above
a)
b)
c)
d)
81. Kautilya’s concept that the State consists of seven elements is called
a) Saptanga Theory
c) Sapthabhaaga Theory
d) None of the above
b) Sapthamugha theory
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82.
Which one of the following is NOT included in the seven elements of
the State according to Kautilya?
a) The King
c) The country
d) The enemy
b) The Minister
83.
a)
b)
c)
d)
‘Medieval Period’ roughly means
5th century BC to 5th century AD
5th century AD to 15th century AD
15th century AD to 19th century AD
None of the above
84. Medieval period is characterized by
a) Secularism
b) Influence of Christianity
c) Influence of Monarchy
d) None of the above
85. The Political philosophy of Thomas Aquinas consists of
a) Aristotalianism
c) Universalism
b) Scholasticism
d) All the above
86.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Medieval Scholasticism is characterized by its position that
Church is infallible and unquestionable
Faith and Reason should be balanced
Both (a) and (b)
None of the above
87.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Medieval Scholasticism held that
Science should be in tune with Theology
Theology should be in tune with Science
Both (a) and (b)
None of the above
88.
a)
b)
c)
d)
The Christian concept of Universalism held that
The whole world is a single Universe
Only Christians will be saved
All human souls will be saved
The sinners will not be saved
89.
According to Thomas Aquinas, which one of the following is the
highest human institution?
Family
Church
The State
None of the above
a)
b)
c)
d)
90.
According to Aquinas, which one of the following is NOT a kind of
Law?
a) Eternal Law
c) Divine Law
b) Natural Law
d) Church Law
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91. According to Aquinas, which one of the following is “the mind of God”?
a) Eternal Law
c) Divine Law
b) Natural Law
d) Human Law
92.
According to Aquinas, which one of the following is the reflection of
the Divine Law in the world?
a) Eternal Law
c) Human Law
b) Natural Law
d) Law of the Church
93. According to Aquinas, the revelation of God through Saints is called
a) Eternal Law
c) Divine Law
b) Natural Law
d) None of the Above
94. According to Aquinas, which one of the following laws is published?
a) Eternal Law
c) Natural Law
b) Divine Law
d) Human Law
95. The Theory of Universal Monarchy was proposed by
a) Dante Alighieri
c) Machiavelli
b) St. Thomas Aquinas
d) None of the above
96. The famous work by Dante Alighieri
a) De Republica
b) De Monarchia
c) The Prince
d) None of the above
97. According to Dante Alighieri, which is the best form of government?
a) Monarchy
c) Democracy
b) Aristocracy
d) None of the above
98. According to Dante Alighieri, the power of the Monarch came from
a) People
c) God
b) The Pope
d) None of the above
99.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Dante Alighieri, the following is the characteristics of the
Universal Monarch?
He is the representative of the God on Earth
He must rule other Monarchs of Earth
He is the guardian of Peace on Earth
All the above
100. According to Dante Alighieri, who is “ Law throned, crowned and
invested with majesty and honour”?
a) Universal Monarch
b) The Pope
c) God
d) None of the above
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101. Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli was a
a) Political Philosopher
c) Musician
b) Diplomat
d) All the above
102. Which Political Philosopher is known as the “Child of Renaissance”?
a) Dante Alighieri
c) Niccolo Machiavelli
d) None of the above
b) St. Thomas Aquinas
103.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Renaissance is characterized by
Domination of the Church
Freedom of Thought and Expression
Religious Fundamentalism
None of the above
104. The following is the product of Renaissance
a) Freedom of Thought
c) Individualism
b) Nationalism
d) All the above
105. Which of the following is the method of Machiavelli?
a) Realism
c) Historical Method
d) All the above
b) Observation
106. Machiavelli approached politics from the stand point of
a) The people
c) The Ruler
b) The Pope
d) None of the above
107.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Machiavelli’s opinion about Human nature was as follows
Human nature is bad
Human nature is good
Human nature is neither good nor bad
None of the above
108. Which one of the following words best explain Machiavelli’s Prince
a) Rational
c) Fearful
b) Brutal
d) All the above
109.
a)
b)
c)
d)
According to Machiavelli,
State is a means to an end
State is an end in itself
State is neither a means nor an end in itself
None of the above
110. According to Machiavelli,
a) State is moral
b) State is immoral
Ancient & Medieval Political Thought
c) State is non-moral
d) None of the above
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ANSWER KEY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
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11.
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38.
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43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
b.
d.
b.
c.
c.
a.
b.
a.
d.
a.
d.
c.
d.
a.
a.
b.
c.
a.
b.
c.
a.
c.
a.
d.
a.
a.
a.
b.
c.
a.
b.
d.
b.
a.
b.
a.
c.
a.
c.
d.
b.
c.
a.
d.
c.
c.
c.
Greece
Machiavelli
South
City-States
A Community of people living together
City State
They had calm and clear minds
5th and 4th century BC
Socrates
The Academy
All the above
The Republic
All the above
Reason, Spirit, Appetite
Philosophers
Soldiers
Workers
Wisdom
Courage
Workers
Philosophers
A Philosopher who is like a King
There is specialization of functions
Individual Writ Large
Equal Status for Men and Women
Good Life.
Systematic and Progressive
20
Life-Long
Philosophers and Soldiers
Only lower class can have private property
Both (b) and (c) above
Logic, Mathematics, Geometry, Astronomy
Body
Soul
Selecting the true vocation in life.
Both societal and individual dimensions.
Philosophers, soldiers and workers
Philosophers and Soldiers
All the above
Lyceum
Aristotle
The Village
The State
Aristotle
Aristotle
Organic in nature
Ancient & Medieval Political Thought
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48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
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90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
c.
c.
b.
b.
b.
d.
c.
d.
a.
a.
a.
d.
d.
d.
c.
d.
d.
a.
a.
b.
b.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.
a.
a.
a.
d.
c.
c.
a.
d.
b.
b.
d.
c.
a.
c.
b.
d.
a.
b.
c.
d.
a.
b.
Polybius
Moral perfection of the individual
Aristotle
Intellectual Strength
benefited
He gets virtue in a second hand manner
For Leisure
All the above
Kingship, Aristocracy and Democracy
Tyranny
Kingship
All the above
All the above
All the above
Jus Gentium
It consists of Jus Gentium, Jus Naturale and Jus Civile
All the above
Polybius
Monarchy
The Senate
De Republica
A mix of Monarchy, Aristocracy and Democracy
All the above
Political Thought originated in the Indian continent
All the above
All the above
All the above
Arthasaastra
The Science of Political Economy
Autocrat
Dantaniti
In the absence of the ruler, the strong will destroy the weak.
Rajatva
Sapthanga theory
The enemy
5th century AD to 15th century AD
Influence of Christianity
All the above
Both (a) and (b)
Science should be in tune with Theology
All human souls will be saved
Church
Church Law
Eternal Law
Natural Law
Divine Law
Human Law
Dante Alighieri
De Monarchia
Ancient & Medieval Political Thought
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97.
98.
99.
100.
101.
102.
103.
104.
105.
106.
107.
108.
109.
110.
a.
c.
d.
a.
d.
c.
b.
d.
d.
c.
a.
d.
b.
c.
Monarchy
God
All the above
Universal Monarch
All the above
Niccolo Machiavelli
Freedom of Thought and Expression
All the above
All the Above
The Ruler
Human nature is bad
All the above
State is an end in itself
State is non-moral
(c)
Reserved
Ancient & Medieval Political Thought
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