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Victorian England

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Victorian England
Victorian England

Queen Victoria – reigned from 1837 – 1901

Married Prince Albert –nine children

– When he died in 1861, Victoria remained in seclusion for many years.
Social, Political, Economic Aspects

Peace – Pax Brittanica

Prosperity – factories, businesses, trade;

- English & Scottish populations nearly doubled

- Irish population diminished, due to potato famine – starvation &
emigration

Social restraint – disciplined lifestyles
However:
- very little social welfare
- harsh prison system
- debtor’s prison
- public education not free until 1870
- child labor
- generally poor labor conditions
– rats in factories, long hours, heat & cold
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