...

n LP 5012 F

by user

on
Category: Documents
2

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

n LP 5012 F
LP
F
5012
n
\-
(§ntm a
Intuerattij
Stbrarg
KINGSTON, ONTARIO
National Papers.
There
is
an
No.
t,
intellectual vivification, at last, in
there are indications that the native
mind
is
Canada, and
awaken-
at present
ing from the lethargy which has hitherto shrouded and dwarfed
This
it.
is
expressed in
many
ways, and
is
most observable
in
the large reading constituency that exists in the country, in the
influence which has given the impulse to the publishing
porting of the
Book Trade, and
a Canadian magazine
The
degree,
dian
and
affairs
The
vehicle of native thought
it is felt,
incite, it is
and
will stimulate this to
culture.
a further
hoped, a more hearty interest in Cana-
by the people of the country.
Publishers trust to be able to issue, periodically, in the
series they
will
—a
present lecture,
and im-
in the recognized necessity for
now
initiate,
a succession of papers on subjects that
prove of national importance, and their object will be gained
if it aid,
even
in
a small degree, to promote a more ambitious
and healthy native
literature.
THE PUBLISHERS.
Toronto, August, 187 i.
CANADA
FIHST;
OR,
^ew Nationality;
Our inew
AN ADDRESS,
BY
W.
A.
FOSTER,
Esq.,
BARRISTER- AT-LAW,
TORONTO
ADAM, STEVENSON &
1871.
CO.
F5ol
L/ANADA
HREE
^
FlI\ST,
hundred and thirty-seven years ago Jacques
triumphal shout of his
hardy mariners, flung to the
breeze the Fkur-dfrlis of old France.
Since then
what a land of adventure and romance has
We may
home-born epic
mock
over, or
may have no
been
!
for the nursery, or
no tourney
feats to rhapsodise
for the study
;
heroics to emblazon on our
prismatic
the sharp
this
have no native ballad
preface of our existence,
soften
amid the
Cartier erected the cross at Gasp6, and,
*,
outline
fables
or
to
illumine
curious
of our
myths
early
escutcheon;
we
and adorn the
to
history
obscure and
;
yet
woven
into the tapestry of our past, are whole volumes of touch-
ing poetry and great tomes of glowing prose that rival fiction in
eagerness of incident, and in marvellous climax put fable to the
blush.
We
need not ransack foreign romance
deeds, nor are
tion
and
most tried we can
•sacrifices
valorous
we compelled to go abroad for sad tales of privaThe most chivalrous we can match the
suffering.
recounts to
for
parallel.
;
Each
stage of this country's progress
us, in all the simplicity
of unpremeditated record,
endured, hardships encountered, and brave deeds done,
not amid the applause of an interested and anxious world, nor
OJ
4
IjO
CANADA FIRST;
6
yet amid the
pomp and
pride of oft recurring circumstance, but
rather in silent, ever-changing strait
when every
OR,
and myriad-formed danger,
faculty sprang into earnest, vigorous action,
every sense grew sharp by reason of restless emergency
civilization
grappled with herculean savagery, and
with nature
was the
;
and when,
alas
!
man
and
when
;
fought
the consciousness of duty done
sole reward achieved, or the solitary
unnamed mound,
monument won.
chapleted by the winter's snow, was the only
Yet there are few heroes
Pantheon.
in our
Where
every
man
does his duty, heroes are not wanted and are not missed.
For years our
frontier
echoed
to the roar of battle
scream of the Indian and the hoarse
mingling in death-agony
tinuously,
the shrill
man
while along the dim corridors of our
;
of lonely yet patient
of starving children.
;
white
North Wind came laden with the
forests the unpitying
stifled sighs
yell of the
half-
women, and the shivering
wail
In the old times war raged almost con-
and every man was a
soldier.
First
came
the con-
tests
with the Iroquois and the Hurons, garnished with sad
tales
of civilized atrocities and savage vengeance.
appetite for horrors
may be found
demands
in the details of the massacre of Lachine,
1,400 Iroquois warriors
bering village, and plied the torch and
and reserving only
for
inexorable flame spared.
dren were burnt
tortures
were not a few.
to ashes,
blood.
their
alive,
when
swooped down by night upon a slum-
relentlessness of savage hate, showing
sex,
If one's
gratification, the needful stimulant
tomahawk with
mercy
all
the
to neither age nor
a sickening butchery, those whom the
Two hundred men, women and
chil-
and those who died under prolonged
Houses, crops, everything was reduced
and woe held exultant sway amid desolation and
Next came the wars between England and France, with
mimic reproduction on
this
continent;
the ambitions,
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
animosities
and
devastation and
European diplomacy bringing
jealousies of
Canadian homes ; and the swaying
death into
incidents of the
7
Old World, finding
their obsequious parallel,
three thousand miles across the sea, in the wilds of the
New
In vain the
win Canada.
efforts to
New.
Englander made desperate and persistent
In spite of repeated invasions, and in
the face of large odds, the flag of France kept proudly afloat.
A
1
people varying in number, from 25,000 in 1679 to 7o>o°o in
76 1, not only thwarted every attempt at their subjugation by
the
much more
with a
densely populated colonies to the south, but,
little stingily
rendered assistance from the parent land,
held their
own
Mournful
the history of those days.
is
repeated
against
attack
by land and
sea.
There were no ambu-
lance trains then, no Christian charities to assuage the horrors
of battle,
and
little skill
Mercy was
to alleviate its sufferings.
a word unknown, for the civilized had become apt pupils of the
savage.
inflicted
Need
in the love of
day,
I rehearse in
your ears the
on the simple-minded,
God and
terrible
punishment
inoffensive Acadians
who "dwelt
of man,"
and the hearts of the owners
—"
dwellings open
—when hundreds of
their
"
as
families
were torn apart, wife from husband, child from parent, and,
" the freighted
vessels departed,
" Bearing a nation, with all its household gods, into exile,
" Exile without an end, and without an example in story ;"
discharging their living cargoes at intervals along the coast from
Boston to Carolina, and flinging
alien in race
like outcasts
among a people
and language, those homeless, houseless, broken-
hearted wanderers.
O
!
was a cruel act without
it
an inhuman vengeance without excuse!
of Evangeline, her heart
filled
Who
palliation,
has not read
with inexpressible sweetness,
CANADA FIRST;
8
OR,
pursuing through the slow-revolving years the phantom of her
love,
and losing the
unsatisfied
anguish
longing,
celestial brightness of her girlhood in " the
and the
of patience;"
unhappy and
or
deep pain and constant
dull,
" weary with
of Gabriel,
restless, seeking, in the
and of sorrow;" or of the dying Marguerite, of
self
sweet-voiced Whittier has sung
'
The world
whom
the
:
" Done was the work of her hands, she had eaten her
'
waiting,
western wilds, oblivion of
of the alien people lay behind her,
bitter
bread
;
dim and dead,
" But her soul went back to its child time ; she saw the sun o'erflow
" With gold the Basin of Minas, and set over Gaspereau
" She saw the face of her mother, she heard the song she sang,
;
"
And
far
off,
faintly, slowly, the bell for
vespers rang."
But pathetic incident must give place before the march of
torical event.
was not
It
by incessant
until wearied out
deserted by the parent land, and overborne
that
the
exchanged
his
bers,
British
French Canadian
allegiance.
by
down
laid
num-
arms and
In the spring of 1758, 30,000
combatants were ready to march on Canada, not merely
raw militiamen, but regular troops as well, led by
on
attack,
superior
his
his-
European
requisites,
battle-fields,
Canadians knew
their
artillery
and
siege
and daring
fleet.
The
armed with
and supported by an
active
officers trained
danger and prepared to meet
An
it.
inquest of the inhabitants was held, and the male population of
the colony between the ages of sixteen
be but 15,000.
and
sixty
was found
to
Aid was implored from France, but instead of
munitions of war and recruits, the devoted colonists were
vouchsafed
official
despatches recommending them to dispute
every inch of territory, foot to foot, with the British, and to
sustain the
honour of the French arms
to the utmost.
"
Not
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
9
only would additional troops be a means of aggravating the evils
"
of the dearth which has too long afflicted the colony
— " but the
the French Minister
"
they would be captured on their
thither,
Though
British."
thus basely deserted
;
were
falling to ruin
and
way
to you,
if
sent
by the
though exhausted by
continual marching and incessant fighting
lings
—wrote
chances are great that
though their dwel-
;
their fields lay waste
wives and children were crying for bread
;
though their
;
the despised
and
forsaken French Canadians neither flung aside their allegiance
nor forgot their honour, but plunged into the
final struggle
a devotion which excites our wonder and admiration.
On
of no avail.
One
the 13th September, 1759,
Quebec was
year afterwards the French flag was hauled
Canada became a
part of the British Empire.
It
with
was
taken.
down and
Great was the
joy manifested in England over the conquest of Louis XIV. 's
" acres of snow."
gratulating
possessions
Wolfe
Addresses were presented to the King, con-
him on
;
this
much-coveted addition to the Imperial
Abbey was accorded
a statue in Westminster
\
who had taken
part in the
ordered that prayers
Heaven throughout
But change of
Quebec expedition
of thanksgiving
rulers did not bring
out,
it
was
permanent peace to the
Sixteen years after Wolfe took Quebec,
Canada again became the scene of war.
broke
and
;
should be offered to
the whole Empire.
harassed colonists.
lution
to
public thanks were decreed to each of the chief officers
The American Revo-
and Canada, with a population of about
70,000 was called upon to meet the attack of a people number-
Every
ing 3,000,000.
art of persuasion
was
tried in vain
Revolutionists to win the Canadians to their side
sion was
made
Canada
into the
;
by the
due provi-
in the Federal Constitution for the admission of
new
confederacy, but without the anticipated
CANADA FIRST;
IO
Then
result.
OR,
was concluded that more severe measures
it
should be resorted
to,
and
in order to bring the refractory
blind inhabitants of this ice-clad region to a proper sense of
One
their interests, if not their duty.
enthusiastic
American
Colonel proposed to conquer and hold the whole country with
2,000 men.
Finally,
Canada was invaded by an army under
General Schuyler, but, after a
tions to take
futile effort to
carry out his instruc-
Quebec, Montreal, and other places, the General
withdrew.
At the
close of the revolutionary war, twenty-five thousand
When
persons, exiles from the States, sought refuge in Canada.
we
call to
mind
that there
was not a
tree cut
from Ottawa to
Kingston, a distance of 150 miles, that Kingston was a village
of a few huts, and that around the shores of Lakes Ontario and
Erie
was a dense wilderness, we can form some idea of the
all
hardships that
fell
to the lot of those
who
that the
done during the revolutionary war was not monopolized
fighting
by the
sacrificed everything
Remember
but honour, on the shrine of allegiance.
regular troops of Great Britain
;
there were corps
regiments of American loyalists with familiar
nations.
They had
their King's
titles
and
and
desig-
Rangers and Queen's Rangers,
the Prince of Wales' American Volunteers, Georgia Loyalists,
New
Jersey Volunteers,
Loyal
New
Loyalists, Pennsylvania Loyalists,
our Queen's
Own
Englanders,
and so
Maryland
on, just as
or the Prince of Wales' regiment.
w e have
r
Yet,
when
peace was made
between Britain and the States, those loyalists
who had placed
their lives
and property
in peril
were
left
to the
tender mercies of the revolutionists, without any stipulation
as to their protection, without any security even for their lives.
Lord Loughborough spoke
of Lords he said
:
truly
when
in his place in the
House
"In ancient or modern history there has not
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
been so shameful a desertion of
their
men who have
duty and to their reliance upon British
spoke
in like terms
:
"
who
are
now exposed
vengeance and poverty can
Lord North
as in the
to every
inflict
principles,
desertion of
punishment that
because they were not
Exile was the reward of those
rebels/'
sacrificed all to
faith."
Never were the honour, the
the policy of a nation so grossly abused
those men,
II
who had been
for-
saken by king and country, and thus Canada became the
home
of those
whom we
call the
U. E. Loyalists.
Thirty years after the acknowledgment of American Inde-
pendence, came the war of 1812, with Canada once more
the battle ground.
An
Act was passed by Congress
calling
100,000 volunteers into active service, but the Canadians were
by proclamations nor dismayed by
neither deceived
call to
river,
arms rang throughout the country
threats.
A
echoing from lake to
,
and piercing the inmost recesses of the
How
forest.
the
eyes of the old refugee loyalists must have flashed as the rusty
flint-lock
was taken from the rack above the
recollection of by-gone hardships
up from the past
!
How must the pulses of
throbbed as they grasped the trusty
silence of
home preparation
story of their parents' exile.
dressing old wrongs that clung to
and the
there
the young
men have
and, amid the sudden
rifle,
for departure,
Now
fire-place,
and persecution came surging
pondered over the sad
was opportunity
memory
for re-
with fierce tenacity
!
There was no calculation of the chances of success; no reckoning over the probable consequences of failure.
had forgotten was
and country.
their desertion, in the
hour of
There were but 280,000 people
All that they
peril,
all
per and Lower Canada, yet the event justified their
dence.
General Hull with 2,500
men
by king
told in
Up-
self-confi-
invaded Canada by way
of Sandwich, and then surrendered himself and his army pris-
CANADA FIRST;
oners of war at Detroit.
General
OR,
Van
Rensellaer appeared at
Queenston with 2,000 men, but only to surrender
was
at
far
as
men
General Smyth landed 3,000
of them.
General Pike brought 2,500
once driven back.
Little
into the air
at least
900
at Fort Erie, but
men
as,
York, where he and 200 of them were blown
by an explosion
chester led 1,000
men
Old
at the
General Win-
Fort.
Frenchtown, near Detroit, but their
to
General Dearborne, with 3,000 men, was de^
end was capture.
feated at Stony Creek.
General Harrison, with 2,500 men, was
beaten at Fort Meigs.
General Wilkinson, with 3,000 men,
was
Farm.
utterly routed at Chrysler's
out with a grand army of 8,000
men
Hampden
General
set
to capture Montreal, but
he suffered an ignominious defeat from a handful of Canadian
militia
under
De
Salaberry.
General McClure succeeded in
Hampden's
taking Niagara, but
defeat caused
him
to retire.
General Brown crossed at Black Creek, with 5,000 men, but
after the experience of
Lundy's Lane and Fort Erie, deemed
prudent to withdraw.
At no point along
the frontier did the
invaders gain any important advantage, and
ded,
Canada had not
These are merely
keep them
reflect
one inch of
historical facts, but
the war en-
is
it
just as well to
to
Were we disposed to vaunt ourselves, we might
more modern times, and ask Was there a dis:
play of timidity in the Trent
when
when
territory.
at our fingers' end, for they are not unpleasant to
upon.
come down
lost
it
the sanctity of our
affair ?
common
Did Canadians hold back
flag
Were
was violated?
reasons for neutrality in the impending struggle searched out
with eagerness
of
?
—the
money
Or did our people
fruit
sigh over their
of years of hard work
little
hoards
—or look with
faint-
ing heart at the scarce-born evidences of substantial progress
that surrounded
them
?
Like the everlasting
fire
on the
altar,.
OUR NEW NATIONALITY,
gave forth a steady
loyalty
more pure than
in the
I
$
flame never brighter or
light, its
hour of national
Think you, now y
peril.
that Canada has no claim to rank with those lands where ad-
venture has had play and romance has had
heroic devotion which distinguished
and
British origin,
most cherished
But our past
tic
is less
its
home, or that the
a"
inhabitants, of
French
worthy of a place in story than the
traditions of the old world ?
is
characterised
attachment to a
flag,
by something more than roman-
or chivalrous devotion to an idea.
Sen-
timent did not blunt the edge of industry, nor suffering give
Every breathing
excuse for idleness*
husbandman
changed
the
for the
warm glow
of war gave the
spell
The sword and musket were
opportunity.
plough and sickle
and a
;
of peace, yielded a grateful return.
echoed the ring of the axe and the crash of timber.
solitariness of the
a home
back-woods the sturdy
for himself
and
merely at arm's length.
his family, with
ex-
fruitful soil, feeling
settler
The forest
Amid the
was hewing out
hunger and cold kept
Between him and
his nearest neigh-
The
traveller or trader
bour, miles of dark forest intervened.
picked his way across tangled brushwood and fallen timber,
tramped wearily over a trackless wilderness of snow,
or*
finding,
few finger-posts by the road-side to point out the direction he*
wished to take.
for there
All kinds of field
were very few oxen and
the mails
left
Upper Canada
for
so that epistolary effort was not
work were done by
still
fewer horses.
England about twice a
much
taxed.
only road from Lower Canada was by the
rapids being ascended
by canoes and bateaux
days, until the flat-bottomed
foot pole
use.
St.
Durham
can read in the
year,,
For years th£
Lawrence, 1k&
in ten or twelve?
boats, steered with a ten-
and pushed along by two men on each
We
hand,<
In 1789,,
side,
came
into
York Gazette, of April 29th, 1815,
CANADA FIRST;
14
George Murray, Kt, arrived
that the Lieut-Governor, Sir
York from Burlington,
go
far to learn all
witnesses are
Now we
still
OR,
about the hardships of the early
among
us
who passed through
settlers, for
the
ordeal.
can afford to look back with some degree of compla-
cency, for industry has produced abundant
fruit,
and we are
reaping in joy a harvest sown in tears and trouble.
As farm
farm was rescued from native wildness, schemes of
after
nal improvement,
viewed as shadowy
first
inter-
impossibilities,
into reality, whiJe the bounteous yield of a virgin soil sent
life
at
But none of us need
in a birch canoe.
into every artery of trade.
Land was
grew
new
gradually freed from
the tight-locking folds of rapacious hydras, and the barnacles
that fattened
on the
of the country.
of state were torn from the vitals
offices
What
has been the result?
millions of people.
ports were
;
last
year our ex-
over seventy-three millions, and our imports over
seventy-four millions of dollars.
built
four
In 1806, the value of the exports from
the whole of the Provinces was $928,000
was
In 1812, the pop-
Canada was 280,000; to-day Canada has over
ulation of
on Lake Ontario
;
In 181 5, the
to-day
Canada
is
first
steamboat
the third mari-
time power in the world, with six million tons entered inwards,
and
five million tons entered outwards,
our trade.
In 1851, Canada had but
engaged in carrying on
fifty-five
miles of railway;
to-day there are three thousand miles in operation, several hun-
dreds of miles under construction, and a scheme on foot to build
2,500 miles more that will present a route between England and
Japan, t,ioo miles shorter than by
cisco,
and give us a continuous
across the continent.
We
New York and
line of four
San Fran-
thoujand miles
possess a system of canals the most
complete in the world, that cost us twenty millions of
—so
dollars,
complete indeed that President Grant looks upon
it
as
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
part of the St.
banking capital
The
Lawrence navigation.
is
1
aggregate of our
over thirty-six millions of dollars, and the
savings of our people, represented by deposits in our monetary
institutions,
We
amount
to
about sixty-four millions.
have coal in Nova Scotia, on the Atlantic
Saskatchewan, in the heart of the Continent
couver's Island, on the Pacific.
We
fisheries,
at
Van-
have mineral wealth as
various as our needs, and, in extent, boundless.
our doors, exhaustless
coal at the
;
and coal
;
We
have, at
the richest in the world, fur-
nishing an annual yield estimated at twenty million dollars to
the various countries engaged in them, and giving us a nursery
for
is
Our
adventurous and hardy seamen.
immense, and capable of
forests are the
70,000
indefinite
envy of the world.
sailors,
and now have
agricultural product
expansion
We have,
700,000
at least
;
men between
the
As
for
ages of 20 and 60 available for defensive purposes.
territory,
we have more than
room
a population of 40,000,000.
for
here in
its
half the continent,
and elbow-
Religious freedom exists
most perfect form, and our elaborate system of com-
mon schools,
colleges
and universities
to all to achieve distinction.
We
gives an equal opportunity
have
political institutions
combining the greatest freedom with the most perfect
upon
riot,
and our
or will have shortly,
restraint
recognizing the rights of the people without beget-
ting distrust or disrespect for lawful authority
:
neither ignoring
the poor nor bringing terror to the rich
;
giving voice to property
without drowning the tones of labour
;
allowing complete
self-
government by means of a graduated jurisdiction and, through
a well-understood and easily enforced system of responsibility^
admitting of reform without revolution, government without
despotism.
Our Dominion
with any deliberative
body
Legislature will compare favourably
in the world.
Accident
may have
CANADA FIRST;
1
brought to the surface of
politics a
OR,
good many who
reason of the cork-like lightness of their brains
men
whole, our public
Our
extreme, but
fiercely
place
it is
certainly
carried
party
the
pit,
the
to
strife
an axiom that the smaller the
more
The world would be rather a stupid
men thought and acted alike. The charms of
do the
if
by
on the
are as able as those of other countries.
have
politicians
float
but,
;
all
rats fight.
novelty and variety are too attractive, even to the idlest and
most
listless,
to render
an unbroken harmony either pleasant to
the eye or grateful to the
Diversities of temper, of un-
ear.
derstanding, of interest, are necessary to stimulate our love of
existence
;
our impulses, offensive and defensive, serving as a
preservative
from mental paralysis, as a preventive as regards
public langour
and impotence, and
as a safe-guard against the
The old
enervating influences of a dreary, monotonous dulness.
Norse Mythology, with
ings, appeals to us,-^-for
true out-crop of
human
weak marrow-bones
Thor hammers and Thor hammer-
its
we
are a Northern people,
nature,
more manly, more
superstition of
—
real,
as the
than the
an effeminate South.
For
the purposes of attrition, the bigoted dotard, the reckless empiric,
and the shallow babbler are
also the wise, the cautious,
fine flour,
We
ties
we must have a nether as
cannot construct
impromptu,
is
produce the
political par-
always an inert mass, incapable of
sudden emotion, subject merely
One might
victory or defeat.
To
well as an upper mill-stone.
nor manufacture
politicians,
for there
useful in their way, as are
and the prudent.
to that oscillation
as well try to
which gives
form a political
party from persons of a peculiar physiognomy, as to
into sets of political principles.
naturally or not at
if at
company
all,
drill.
for
men
They must come
fit
meni
toge&her
cannot be sized in principles,
Let the worst come, however
;
as.
we know.
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
that political parties have their beginning
are built,
sion
is
1
and their end.
and enthusiasts and demagogues
to the extreme,
pushed
have gone mad, the turning point
those
who have
•era.
When
their senses
the time does
Babels
But when discus-
and confusion of tongues ensues.
left,
come
reached, and an union of
is
marks the beginning of a new
renewal of
for a
strife,
we
spin
around, in accordance with the immutable laws by which the
political
world
is
regulated,
and we cannot,
if
we would, avoid
the scrambling, jostling, quarrelling and fighting, incident to the
free institutions in a free country.
enjoyment of
there be a
country,
common
it is
However,
if
object in view, and that the welfare of the
best for us not to complain too much.
Formerly, the provinces, whose destinies are
were disunited, knowing
little,
and caring
less,
now
linked,
about each other.
Instead of an interchange of commodities, and of floating
population, the current ran in a foreign direction,
sands of our young
men were
the building up of our rivals
shutting us
not only lost to
—
yes, rivals
out with higher
!
us,
was a dependency, with
five
its
this
by harsh
and obstructing our
But we were not always considered
At one time the prospect looked gloomy enough.
board for
but went to
what means
thwarting us
tariffs,
legislation, abrogating reciprocity treaties,
development?
else
and thou-
rivals.
Old Canada
best portion shut in from the sea-
months of the year
separated from those of
;
kindred sympathies, and acknowledging a like allegiance, by an
almost untraversable tract of country
;
gazing at the prosperity
of a nation that held out every inducement to unite with
it
without manufactures or capital, yet witnessing a stream of
British wealth pouring into the lap of
bour
;
thinly populated
and outbid
its
Times have changed, however, and there
B
overshadowing neigh-
in attracting immigration.
is
no reason why
this
CANADA FIRST;
1
OR,
dawn of our
era should not be but the
All that
prosperity.
has been done here, has been accomplished in the teeth of com-
which
petition with a nation
cepted
as,
calls itself,
the most enterprising of
creation" in everything
Destiny," and outruns time in
all
is
nations; which " beats
its
hurry to do
all
We have been
it.
and threatened, yet neither
alternately flattered
generally ac-
" steals the keys from snoring
does,
it
and
wile nor threat
has mortgaged our country with dishonour, or caused us to
some excuse
some
So
our identity.
sacrifice
for us
;
Thanks
justification.
ren have
now the means
geography without
American Union
if
we
we hope
if
take pride in the past there
for the future,
Thus
far,
as a country
my
of acquiring a knowledge of Canadian
searching through every State in the
first
to find the country they live in,
as a people,
has distinguished
itself
mind has grown
;
;
when
inert
but
it
may be
well to consider
;
results,
whether the unit
isolated from the
by reason of the need
mass
whether
;
to supply
mere
whether chopping and digging have blunted
and kept
ambitions of the soul
our brains
pumping dry
has kept pace, in individual
effort
with combined action and joint progress
sensibilities,
and can now
object has been to indicate our advancement
and
bodily wants
first
Yankee buncombe.
whether individual
the
have, at least,
Ryerson, our school child-
to Dr,
learn something of Canadian history without
the reservoir of
we
is
;
in
the back-ground the
whether our
soil
is
more
more
refined
fertile
than
whether scholarship and talent find in Canada a
congenial home.
backwoodsmen,
It
may be bold
to venture
us hazard results.
for
mere
colonists,
on dangerous comparisons
;
There are Canadian names known
•
mere
but
let
to the
world, outside our boundaries, on which renown has fallen, and
we
are entitled, at least, to claim whatever credit
is
our due.
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
Thanks
gists of the
day
;
Sir
William Logan
is
Sir
Duncan Gibb
is
Canadians, one of
became famous
Among
;
far to
go
one of the .great geolo-
among
the foremost in
In Art, distinction has been attained by
medical science.
London
Mr. Morgan, we have not
to the industry of
for information.
1
whom flourished in Russia;
for colour,
Gilbert
S.
Newton
and was made a Royal Academician in
Quebec boy, won
Falardeau, a poor
ourselves there are
names we
celebrity in Italy.
delight to
honour
—Paul
Kane, Plamondon, Bourassa, Berthon, Hamel, and Legare
all
We
gifted artists.
claim Sir Samuel Cunard, the father of
steam navigation on the Atlantic
ship-owner in the world;
and
of the
day.
surveying
officer
Sir
;
Sir
Hugh
Edward
Allan, the largest
Belcher, the
Scholarship
thought have not suffered from our practical
logical lore finds a master spirit in Dr.
University,
who
is
McCaul, of our national
who have taken
the elucidation of Britanno-Roman inscriptions.
new
Archaeo-
life.
pronounced, by the Satw'day Review, to be
a better scholar than any of the antiquaries
not only casts
first
and profound
light
to
Dr. Wilson
upon the archaeology and
pre-historic
annals of Scotland, but dives into the ethnology and antiquities
of America, with a zeal and success which evoke the admiration of those skilled in such subjects.
From
the Ottawa region
Mr. Todd sends forth the most useful and complete text-book
that has ever appeared,
constitution.
on the
practical operation of the British
John Foster Kirk, of
cording to the highest
critics, entitled
New
Brunswick, has, ac-
himself to take rank with
those accomplished historians, Prescott and Motley, by the
production of his history of Charles the Bold.
We
can boast,
who have distinguished themselves.
Judge Haliburton, of Nova Scotia, has
won fame through the sayings and doings of Sam Slick. Be-
too, of humourists, novelists,
and
tale-writers,
CANADA FIRST;
20
OR,
we claim Major Richardson,
sides him,
New
cousta;" Professor de Mille, of
"Wawho wrote
the author of
Brunswick,
"The Dodge Family"; Mr. Jenkins, the author of
Baby" De Boucherville, Bourassa, and Lajoie, who
;
their writings,
men
;
evidenced
" Ginx's
have, in
the sparkle and dash of true French-
all
New Brunswick, known to American
May Carleton Rossana Leprohen Louisa
Mrs. Fleming, of
literature as
Cousin
;
;
Murray,
who
who has
given to us a vivid picture of old-time hardships, in
her "
Roughing
Our
in the Bush."
historians are Garneau,
In
Canniff.
Heavysege, the author of "Saul," and "Jepthah's
we have a dramatic poet of
Daughter,"
great imagination
and
whose productions were received with considerable
wonder by
North
it
Murdock, McMullen, Lindsey, and
Christie,
Charles
feeling,
Week; and Mrs. Moodie,
contributes to Once a
foreign critics.
One
British, said, " This
of the great Quarterlies, the
work
is
undoubtedly one of the
most remarkable ever written out of Great
Britain.
This copy,"
the critic goes on to remark, " was given to the writer of the
present article by Mr. Nathaniel Hawthorne, to whose recom-
mendation of
this, to
him and
unknown Canadian
to us,
poet,
our readers, and English literature generally, are beholden for
introduction
their first
to
a most curious work."
Sangster chants, in no unworthy
limities of
"
which he
Of him
our great waters.
His verse adds new
sings,
celebrates."
strains, the beauties
interest to the
Dr. O.
and sub-
W. Holmes
wrote,
woods and streams amidst
and embellishes the charms of the maidens he
The
soul-stirring lyrics of
combine manly thought with apt and
those of us
Charles
who have been
fortunate
Alexander McLachlan
terse expression;
enough
to
have
and
familiar-
ized ourselves with them, need not a Sir Archibald Alison to
tell
us that the author
is
one
truly inspired with the genius of
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
21
poetry.
Isidore Ascher has sung tenderly and sweetly of
household gods, in his " Voices from the Hearth ; " and Charles
Mair, the Canadian Keats, tempts us with delicious melody
away
to the
sunny
we do not make
renown
great
hills
in
poem
while the
own
Lawyer," are
or the essay lies
mulating dust and respectability
are perhaps
no worse
room
little
However,
for
still
Physician," and
purchased with avidity,
on the bookseller's
accu-
shelf,
though, in this particular,
;
We
than our neighbours.
off
brag over
names
in their literature that
among
the poets, historians,
us,
we
have done
and our cousins across the
well, everything considered,
have
" Dreamland."*
"The Family
literature.
Man His own
" Every
of his
pretence to having achieved, as a people,
as there are not a
lines
dozen
can be placed in the front rank
and
novelists of to-day.
In the annals of war, Canadians have achieved distinction
for skill
and valour.
The
who was reputed
naval officer in the service of France, and of
one of
its
first
the most skilful
De Lery,
Need we
military engineers.
of Quebec,
call the roll
who have done battle for Britain?
Dunn campaigned in Egypt, Italy and Spain
those Canadians
General
General Beckwith fought at the Nile and at Waterloo
Sir
Provo Wallis captured the Chesapeake
figured in a
phal was
hundred engagements
wounded on board the
Wiltshire served in India
McNab,
names
old French times give to us the
of DTberville, of Montreal,
and
;
Admiral
MajorMajor-
;
Admiral
;
Admiral Watt
;
Sir
George West-
Victory at Trafalgar
in the Peninsular
Sir
;
war
;
Thos.
Captain
of Toronto, was on Picton's staff at Waterloo
Richard England led the 3rd division
wick Williams won fame
at Kars,
and
at
Sir
Inkerman
John
of
;
Sir
Inglis at
;
Sir
Fen-
Luck-
* Those who desire to acquaint themselves with the best efforts of our
song writers will find the Rev. E. H. Dewart's collection very useful.
CANADA FIRST;
22
now
Col.
;
Dunn, of Toronto, was
OR,
selected, as the bravest of
the immortal Six Hundred, to receive the Victoria Cross
won
of Perth, though a surgeon,
for daring feats in the
Sewell,
;
The hot sun
equal
of India
graves of Montizambert, Evans, Joly,
in the Crimea, Parker fell with his face
;
to the foe
valour,
Side by side, with the
the Canadian fought with
with equal honour.
fell
down upon the
and Vaughan
looks
same reward of
the
Indian mutiny.
soldier of the motherland,
devotion, and
Read,
;
and on the ramparts of the Redan died Welsford,
with the bloom of youth glowing on his cheek, and
a boy's
all
enthusiasm fresh at his heart.
We
have
which
is
another record of competition and success
still
The
worthy of reference.
have not been
left
great British Universities
untried by Canadians.
Hincks, of Toronto,
Redpath, of Montreal, Vidal, of Sarnia, proved that
for our
young men
to
it is
compete successfully with the
possible
At
best.
the Staff College, at Sandhurst, Ridout, of Toronto, headed the
list
of candidates from
of Toronto,
came out
Robinson,
branches of the service.
all
fourth,
and Benson, of St. Catharines, was
the recipient of special honours for the high stand he took.
Even
the great public schools of England have not been essayed
in vain.
Not long ago Plum,
of Niagara, was the head
boy
at
Rugby.
But with so much reason
apprehensive that vanity
national character
feel
in
—
for
will
for
some time
at least.
disposed to vaunt ourselves unduly,
mind
tempt.
that
we
self-felicitation,
are not
obtain undue ascendancy in the
it
Lest
may be
we should
well to bear
Canada has been frequently spoken of with con-
The normal
country resolves
old-world
itself into
idea respecting us
confused pictures, in which
snow, falling timber, snow shoes,
furs,
and our
frost
and
and wild Indians are the
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
most prominent,
23
not the only, objects of vision.
if
notions are suggested by the word "Colony," so that
no great dexterity
in intonation to use
reproach.
We know
desired, he
was transported
religious zealot
a colony
was assisted
adventure
when
it
efficient
requires
term of
the absence of a criminal was
to a colony
became obnoxious, he
when a
;
that
an
as
it
Peculiar
when a
;
political or
was banished
fled or
" ne'er-do-weel " was to be got rid
to a colony.
Wild
spirits
sought
through love of
it
persons of strong religious convictions braved
;
unknown dangers through enthusiasm
grew narrow and bread
emigrant-ship
many
heart-strings that
scarce,
a true
;
when
and,
to
he
of,
its
resources
gnawing poverty drove into the
man and
noble woman, snapping
would not be untied, uprooting tender associa-
seemed incapable of disentanglement, and unveiling
tions that
to the rude gaze of the stranger
whose shrine
is
all
those sanctities of emotion
prelude to a
new
The
the innermost tabernacle of our being.
tremulous farewells wafted from the ship's
life
side,
were but the
We
of heroic purpose and resolute action.
can scarcely wonder, therefore, that the word colony carries
with
it
some awkward
as well as sad significations.
The
estab-
lishment of the colonies of Ancient Greece was occasioned by
Rome by
and those of Modern
The American Colonies were
looked upon as feeders to the Mother Land their resources
being regarded as so much plunder for home enterprise, and
their population as legitimate prey for home avarice.
In the
necessity
;
those of
utility
;
Europe by greed and ambition.
;
old French times
Canada was farmed out
to monopolists
even when French Canadians here were fighting
existence
against large
odds,
Frenchmen
in
writing disparagingly of them, as " a people
slowly in the woods,
who
;
and
for their very
France
who
were
multiplied
associated with savages, but
who
CANADA FIRST;
24
OR,
furnished no return to the royal exchequer, no soldier to the
royal
host,
no colonial merchandise
Brave Canadian
room
officers
to
the
home
trader."
were slighted and displaced to make
for the indigent yet supercilious favourites of the
authorities
;
and we read
home
that the appointment of the Marquis
de Vaudreuil, as Governor of Montreal, was conceded with
much
hesitation,
dian.
Coming down
because his countess was
to
more modern
times,
our hunger for criticism and satisfy our
fullest extent,
cal press.
from books of
Dr.
thirst for notice, to
travel, as well as
John Hpwison, a Scotch
w^orld of a people
"
(meaning ourselves)
incorrigible beings that they
a native Cana-
we can appease
traveller,
who
were when, the
the
from the perioditells
the
are the untutored
remnant of
ruffian
a disbanded regiment or outlawed refuse of some European
nation, they sought refuge in the wilds of
that they
would neither
countenanced in any
find the
Upper Canada, aware
means of sustenance, nor be
civilized country."
Sir Charles Dilke, in
his " Greater Britain," pronounces Canadian loyalty to be mere
hatred to the United States, and sees no reason
why
the
Mother
Country should spend blood and treasure in protecting Cana-
The Edinburgh
dians against the consequences of their hate.
Review described us as "retainers who
accept notice to quit."
The Fenian
will neither give
raids
One
language from a portion of the English press.
the
Army and Navy
Gazette,
said
:
— " There
3,000,000 sturdy colonial Britons there,
nor
evoked some plain
journal,
are upwards of
all told,
and they are
so dreadfully afraid of the approach of the raw, ragged Fenians
that
may succeed
in forcing the
incessantly calling
Every newspaper
United States cordon, as to be
on the mother country
in the colony
is filled
for
military aid.
with the same doleful
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
Canadians are calling
appeal for help.
do for them what,
do
if
They
for themselves.
lustily
they had any pluck or
encouragement to our
yield us
and
trade,
25
upon England
to
they ought to
spirit,
no revenue, they give no
yet, in the
moment
of assumed
danger, they call out with almost feminine nervousness for help."
One
lady traveller, whose
name
is
not vouchsafed to
us,
in the
record of her experience in Canada, speaks of our most respectable
society
kitchen,
" Their
as
and the grotesque snobbery of the
ladies,"
incivility
being characterized by the manners of the
and see
unladylike,
as
waspish
our
says
critic,
little
"
servants'
hall.
do not regard
or no impropriety in
rudeness, oftentimes mistaking the former for haughtiness, and
supposing the
latter to
be the perquisite of good breeding."
Besides this direct method of toning our vanity, there
sort of
its
compliment and method of patronage that
sting
by reason of
indirectness.
When
phers obscure inscriptions, great wonder
critics that
when
so
much
sagacity
is
loses
a
none of
McCaul
Dr.
is
deci-
expressed by foreign
and knowledge should ripen here
Man, amazement takes
when Todd defines the
Dr. Wilson writes of Pre-historic
possession of the reviewer's breast;
limits of the royal prerogative
parliamentary privilege,
it
is
and the theory and practice of
considered a remarkable circum-
stance that England should be indebted to a colonist for such a
work
;
which
and even when a Canadian Volunteer produces a book
is
deemed worthy of
translation into
certain of the military authorities throw
French and German,
up
their
hands
presumption, and point their satire with epithets whose
supposed to
the
lie
in certain equivocal associations
at
such
force
is
connected with
word " Colony," and the designation " Colonist."
A young country is
peculiarly sensitive to outside criticism.
CANADA FIRST;
26
A very few words
pleasure
ment,
;
spoken
OR,
by a
in our favour,
stranger, give us
and a very few malicious words, uttered
irritate sorely.
The
to our detri-
being a dependent, though
fact of
but in name, does not blunt the edge of harshly worded rebuke.
Our cousins
press
;
across
and
resources,
the lines, with
strength, smarted
all
their self-esteem
and
under the lash of a foreign
Canadians, with fewer pretensions, might be
so that
excused for displaying somewhat of a similar weakness.
It
was
we examined
easy to laugh at us when, with pardonable vanity,
English opinion for some word of encouragement, some tribute
to our loyalty,
some recognition of our
The
ledgment of our progress.
industry,
some acknow-
circumstances in which the
various Provinces were placed, as well as the recollection of
what had been endured
naturally
in the preservation of our allegiance,
enough prompted us
some appreciation of our
tion
and
was derived, by us
still
less
at least,
came
kinship and the
States
and
and
Time and
We
find,
which leads so
allegiance,
writers to lavish their
their satire
again comparisons have been
of progress.
ocean.
in that disregard of the tie of
bond of common
British travellers
on the United
dictatorial utterances,
to us across the
some ground of complaint
many
from the
for
Little satisfac-
from the scoldings indulged in with "all the
license of ink," that
also,
Mother Land
to look to the
steadiness of purpose.
made
again have
compliments
on Canada.
Time and
to our prejudice in respect
we been
lectured
on our
bubbling and seething loyalty, and charged with an inclination
to sponge
on the Imperial exchequer.
It is
not
ridicule hearty expressions of attachment, nor does
great cleverness to fling off the
word
" lip-loyalty."
so glibly utter the reproach forget what
it
is
difficult to
it
require
Those who
that they are
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
striking
The
at.
citizen of the
United States has a
own, and a nationality of his own
to look
abroad
Provinces,
—the Canadian
For years
for his.
27
flag of his
has ever had
British policy isolated the
prevent their absorption in the neighbouring
to
Republic, and in so
doing stunted the growth of a native
The
national sentiment.
exiles
of the American revolution
carried hither the recollection of injuries
sustained, for a cause
worthy of the
endured and losses
which they, foolishly or
Many
sacrifice.
of
wisely,
deemed
them gave up home,
lands,
kindred, and the associations of youth, and exchanged comfort
dangers and hardships of an inhospitable and
and ease
for the
unknown
wilderness.
to cast reflections
When
on a
Englishmen, therefore, undertake
loyalty that has so frequently proved
first consider how much is covered
we are prosperous and united, vigourous and well-to-do and now that some of the traditions of the
past are gradually losing their hold on the imagination of a new
itself
a
by the
reality,
they should
boast.
Now
that
;
generation,
that sentiment which so long found
an outlet
declamation over the glories of the Mother Land,
more natural nourishment from native
sources.
consider whether the doling out of so
much
benefit received will
much
will
in
draw a
Critics should
gratitude for so
be more acceptable than the heredit-
ary romantic attachment which allowed no danger, no loss,
Young
no
we are, we are too old to
be abused without retort weak as we may be, we are too strong
to be bullied with impunity.
Whar we demand from English
writers is fair play
and should the hpur of peril come, we may
neglect to sully
its
purity.
as
;
;
venture to ask from England, withuut sinking our self-respect,
a quantum of assistance proportioned rightly to the part
play in attack or defence.
No
we
decorations lavishly distributed,
no baronetcies generously conferred, can or
will
answer as a
28
CANADA FIRST;
substitute for respect
and kindness or a mutual interchange of
OR,
affection.*
*
The
following extract from the Church Herald, the organ of the Church
of England in Canada,
honours
may be
worthy of serious consideration:
is
— " Hereditary
But Canada
suited to a country of hereditary estates.
not a country of hereditary estates
is
amongst our people, the
slightest tendency to make it so.
Consequently, if our leading men, instead
of being knighted, are made baronets, there will be some risk of our having
baronets sinking into the poorer classes of society, and trailing their
Even
escutcheons in the dust.
family settlements, there
nor
is
there,
in England, in spite of primogeniture
lower expedient of marrying money-bags.
still
fortunes of the landed nobility
and gentry are
But in England the
stability
with the perpetual fluctuations of Colonial wealth.
hope of
their
But
this will
tend to another
the public
mind
to connect
with personal merit
is
;
transmitting
large
evil,
doubt, in creat-
men
so rich as
properties
inasmnch as
to
it
their
will lead
honour with wealth, instead of connecting it
is above merit
and, assuredly, the lesson that wealth
not exactly the one which commercial Colonies need to learn.
" There
in seeing
is
another consideration which somewhat alloys our satisfaction
an English baronetcy conferred on a
We
Canadian.
leading
men
look to
another
country,
country, for the highest rewards of merit.
is
even though
If
Canada
be our mother
it
is
to
be a nation,
time that her sons should begin to look for the highest rewards of
merit here.
Hitherto, the case of all the Colonies, in this respect, has
been the same.
None
of
them have been regarded,
either
by merchants
or politicians, as their country, the ultimate sphere of their
and
regard
make her
with jealousy on behalf of Canada anything which tends to
it
compared
itself
No
ing Colonial baronets care will always be taken to select
to hold out a fair
descendants.
and
number of pauper peers, whose
sponge on the public, or resort to
a considerable
indigence often forces them to
titled
the
is
;
own
efforts
The Colonial
and the future home of their children.
merchant has amassed wealth in the hope of carrying it home to England, buying a great house in London, mingling as a member of the
great plutocracy in London society, and rolling in a carriage round Hyde
aspirations,
Park.
The
meed, not
politician,
in the
same manner, has looked
to the applause of the Colony, or to
generations of colonists, but to the favour
trimmed
bestow,
Downing
Street,
and has
hope of receiving the rewards which Downing
and of ultimately going home to enjoy them.
his course in the
Street has to
of
for his highest
the gratitude of future
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
29
As between the various Provinces comprising the Dominion,
we need some cement more binding than geographical contact ;
some bond more uniting than a shiftless expediency some
;
While
this continues
it is
impossible that
we
should have truly national
statesmen or chiefs of commerce and industry thoroughly identified with
our
interests,
present and future, and capable of the patriotic munificence
must be owned, nobly distinguishes the wealthy men of the
United States.
Canadian men will seek to leave their names in the
British peerage, not in the statute book of Canada ; Canadian merchants,
which,
it
renown which
and benefactors of great national institutions,
will hoard it as a means of founding a family, and they will transfer it
and themselves as speedily as possible to the only country where a
family can be securely founded.
We prize as highly as is possible to
prize it, the continuance of an affectionate connection between Canada
instead of spending their wealth in the acquisition of the
belongs
to
the founders
and the mother country ; but the connection must be so regulated as not
to prevent Canada from becoming a nation.
1
'
What we
say with regard to the State in Canada,
regard to the Church also.
may be
said with
We
have sometimes heard complaints that the
merits of Colonial clergymen are not recognized by promotion in the
English Church ; but we cannot sympathize with these complaints, because
appears to us that such promotion, however gratifying in some respects,
would confirm Colonial Churchmen in a misapprehension of their position.
Let the Church in Canada keep the most grateful recollection of
her origin, and cherish her spiritual connection with the Church of the
mother country ; but she must remember that she is herself the Church,
not of England, but of Canada, and that she will have to draw her life
from the soil in which she is planted, and to adapt herself to the circumstances and exigencies of her actual position.
Our laity are apt to
it
fancy that they are
by the
State,
still
members of a Church
and to refuse
established
to contribute for the
and endowed
support of the
i
clergy
to anything like the extent
which the voluntary system requires.
Perhaps the clergy, on their part, sometimes do a little to keep up this
illusion.
Both clergy and laity, however, must get rid of it, if the
Church is to prosper in this country. The Canadian laity have to support a Canadian clergy under the voluntary system
gain the confidence of the
to found the
Canadian
Church on the
laity
;
the clergy have to
under the same system, and
free allegiance of the
Canadian people/
CANADA FIRST
30
lodestar
OR,
more potent than a mere community of
porizing makeshifts
may
suit
intend to be mere hewers of
the end,
j
we should
wood and drawers
in right earnest set
foundations of our identity
unless
;
laughing-stock of the world,
we had
we
Tem-
profit.
Unless we
a futureless people.
of water until
about strengthening the
become the
are ready to
better not lose sight of the
awful possibility of sinking under self-imposed burdens of
terri-
not by mimicking the formalities of the old world,
It is
tory.
or aping time-worn solemnities which have ceased to be solemn,
that dignity
is
to
be acquired, nor
is it
by pantomine or
burles-
que that the thews of our nationality are to be strengthened.
Periwigs and Gold-sticks have had their day, and
for us to attempt to set
up the mummied
it is
not well
idols of a buried past
on our simple Canadian maple
as objects of worship, or graft
the gaudy outgrowth of a luxuriant tropical vegetation.
every
man
the son of his
is
own
works, and
code of etiquette nor the musty rules of the Heralds'
tell
us
whom
We know
not what the future
like sensible
it
men
may,
it is
may have
is
of creed, of interest to be allayed, and a
Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, there
it
exists in the
The
There are
in the solution.
composite people to be rendered homogenous.
as
Let
being worked out anew with
and we must do our part
asperities of race,
in store for us.
our bounden duty to prepare for
conscious of obligation to humanity.
problem of self-government
fresh data,
office to
or what to honour.
the event be what
it
Here,
we need no antique
is
Away down
in
the old Teutonic stock, just
county of Waterloo in Ontario
;
there are the
descendants of the Pennsylvania Dutchmen in Lincoln, and of
the
New York Dutchmen
around the Bay of Quint6
;
Highland
Scotch clustering together in Prince Edward Island and Cape
Breton, just as they do in Glengarry or Bruce
;
and the old
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
Norman and Breton
stocks in the Province of Quebec.
interior of the continent
with
breeds,
again, across
their
In the
and Scotch
are French
there
on the
Pacific coast there
half-
Then
Indian blood and Indian habits.
English, Irish, Scotch
a motley collection of
is
and Canadian, with
all their
varied pecu-
But the task of fusing and blending these various
liarities.
elements
carried
3
is
its
much
than
seems.
Switzerland has
constitution safely through three
European revolu-
less difficult
it
tions, yet, of its two-and-a-half millions, one-and-two-thirds
German, one-half million, French, and the remainder,
other tongues.
No
;
—the
common
basis of
but rather in finding some
agreement strong enough to counteract
Where
are
and
not in the multitude of
difficulty is
differences, real or fancied, that exists,
tegrating tendencies.
speak
Italian
we
disin-
to look for such a basis ?
In a work, lately published, an Englishman who paid us a visit,
remarks that " to the Canadian it is of small concern what you
He
think of his country,
self.
has
little
of patriotic pride in
Whatever pride of country a Canadian
the most part,
whom we
is
And
outside of Canada."
are quoting, goes
on
has,
its
it
him-
object, for
the writer, from
to assert that " whatever
may be
alleged to the contrary, the belief in the possibility of a separate
future for
Canada
this true?
justify
is
steadily lessening
True or
there
not,
is
among Canadians."
certainly
a casual visitor in such a conclusion.
among
neglect
some ground
We
Is
to
have too many
us who are ever ready to worship a [foreign Baal, to the
of
their
own
There are too many
tutelary gods.
Cassandras in our midst
;
many who whimper
too
over our
supposed weakness and exaggerate others' supposed strength.
But there are those who do not despair of the State
neither weak-kneed nor faint of heart
comes from
within.
There
is
a
;
name
who know
I
would
;
who
are
that strength
fain
approach
CANADA FIRST;
32
with befitting reverence, for
of
in
all
whom
it
admires in man.
It tells of
one
the generous enthusiasm of youth was but mellowed
by the experience of cultured manhood
the
memory the shadow
casts athwart
man
those qualities that
OR,
warm
who
of one
;
lavished
love of an Irish heart on the land of his birth, yet
gave a loyal and true affection to the land of his adoption
strove with all the
power of genius
;
who
to convert the stagnant pool
of politics into a stream of living water
who dared
;
and
national in the face of provincial selfishness,
liberal in the teeth of sectarian strife
;
who from
to
be
impartially
Halifax to Sand-
wich sowed broadcast the seeds of a higher national
life,
and
with persuasive eloquence drew us closer together as a people,
pointing out to each what was good in the other, wreathing our
sympathies and blending our hopes
new Dominion
into our
first
;
—yes
one who breathed
!
the spirit of a proud self-reliance, and
Was
taught Canadians to respect themselves.
that a cry of
it
a wonder
agony rang throughout the land when murder,
and most unnatural, drank the
foul
Thomas D'Arcy
life-blood of
McGee ?
There are times when the sluggish pulse
is
quickened into
when the heart throbs with sympathy the most inwhen all that is human within us asserts unwonted
tense
supremacy. The sense of a loss shared in by each, of a dan-
activity
;
;
ger encountered by
all,
how much we have
in
flower of our youth
went
While
voked invasion.
fathers
its
which
it
became
self-immolation.
bodies of those
who
Such a time
forth to repel a
it
was when
by the
and hallowed by the shrine
Such a time
fell
many fond
affection itself was strengthened
subject,
the
wanton and unpro-
tears sprang to the eyes of
and loving mothers,
strain to
of
brings before us with startling vividness
common.
it
was when
in the conflict
the
lifeless
were brought home.
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
Though a
bone of our bone and
down
foe
;
had not been
left
that our
it
Such a time
it
McGee.
dian
;
patriam
inquit,
;
i?i
Romanum, sed commu?ie?n
(Hum cruciatum
shall not
talents
et
loco
Let calumny do
crucem egisti"
be said that the great statesman with
and high place
shall receive
dred and home, cast
all
nescio
libertatis et civitatis causain
worst
its
brilliant
more abundant honour
his death, than the poor, friendless youth,
marched
for us.
legum. libertatisque
Gavium, non unwn hominem,
JVon tu hoc
quern, civem
it
ears,
into our
yet
conspectu
moriatur.
in
the news of
upon our
— he was a Cana—yet he died
his
" Spectet,
—
fell
and crowding the hot blood
Humble though his position was
mental gifts may have been few
hearts.
to
Our country
was when
the butchery of young Scott at Fort Garry
thrilling every nerve,
that
;
first
own breasts had been bared to the
was when the assassin's hand struck
the gifted, the genial, the patriotic
reeled with the blow.
proud
felt
to strangers
had been the
flesh of our flesh
Such a time
.storm.
we
load of grief pressed on every heart,
that the post of danger
meet the
$3
the attractions of
to his fate with a courage
in
who, away from kinlife
behind, and
and devotion that
fill
us
As we plant the cypress on the tenantless grave of
one unknown to fame save in his death, and wreathe with im-
with awe.
mortelles the head-stone of an unpretending
and almost
Canadian youth, we allow no inequality of mental
difference in position to separate in our
who dared
statesman
man who
memory
to live for his country,
dared to die for
it.
Were he
friendless
gifts,
the orator
no
and
and the brave yeo-
the most obscure in
the land, were he without a friend in the wide world, the cause
he died in was
should
make
among
us,
c
ours,
and the consciousness of
every Canadian his
God
friend
that sacrifice
There are those
help them for cold-hearted sycophants
!
who
CANADA first;
34
dare to speak glibly of indiscretion
the savings of a lifetime of
rashness
toil,
when men have staked
or,
when men have
and mutter
We have
their lives.
demands of
discreet as to yield to the
about
line
and
we
force,
too
little
When we
of that indiscretion and that rashness now-a-days.
have grown so wise as to do everything by
sacrificed:
generalities
rule,
shall
and so
have
at-
tained a state of perfection incompatible with a free existence.
The meanest
of
all
meanness
grees even in that.
The
is
our teeth, alms the measure of our
tude,
good from the
We
We
in the rear.
that
We
want of
men
it
;
let
heart.
;
die for sentiment
A
It
let
us not give occasion
we
we can
alleged that
is
us
show
that
does not look very
lo the charge of senti-
and oftentimes
sacrifice
much
may cost scores of lives a song
formidable, yet it may quicken revolution
a flag and
and desolate an empire.
be
man who
and respect courage.
everything for an idea.
worth, yet call
that the
have been taunted with lack of con-
may, perhaps, lay ourselves open
mentalism, but
;
be deserted nor harshly judged
are prone to exhibit a cowardly spirit
at least recognize
of
he who places us under na-
fidence in the future of our country
for the imputation of
spite, to strip all
not be forgotten
shall
steps to the front, shall neither
by those
grati-
memory of
go unrewarded; that sufferings en-
tional obligation, shall not
dured on our account
back, in
have need to stand by each other,
know
all
flings
a miracle of
to blacken the
with malignant
or,
sacrifice.
and we would have
who
ability, is
compared with him who seeks
one who died a martyr,
and there are de-
ingratitude,
thankless wretch
stirred to its depths
piece of bunting
it
There
;
is
not of
;
is
a national heart which can
a national imagination that can be
aroused to a fervent glow; and, when noble deeds are to be
done, or great triumphs of progress and reform to be achieved,
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
we appeal
to lead the forlorn
in vain to reason
the imminent deadly breach
but at the
;
forward with resistless eager pace.
;
where
A
the national character ?
qualities
shall
tier/' said
D'Arcy McGee.
You have
whom
men
itself,
therefore, as the
the education of the peo-
young men to guard your fronYou want a principle to guard
sent your
"
your young men, and thus only your
your young
blast,
and press
proper organization of those high
elementary work of those with
"
trumpet
front,
The political machine must
we seek that power if not in
which form character commends
ple rests.
hope or mount
first
proudly to the
passion, enthusiasm, youth, step
have a motive power
35
When I
frontier.
can hear
say as proudly, our federation, or our country,
young men of other countries do speak-
or our kingdom, as the
ing of their own, I shall then have less apprehension for the
result of
The
whatever
safety of
ladium.
Every people has
exception?
sole
groping for
ance
!
may have
the future
trials
in store for us."
Troy depended upon the possession of the
stumbling
forward
we know not what
fully satisfied so
weekly wage of
toil
!
Palladium.
its
!
long as
Do
Are we
we
in love of
Search them out where you will
—and there
their
by
suffer-
are permitted to garner the
Canadians lack
unvisited
Pal-
be the
we know not where!
only too glad to live on
on the continent
left
to
is
country?
hardly a nook
adventurous steps
—and
you find that change of scene has neither obliterated nor
tar-
nished the memories which ever cling to the land of one's
Should danger threaten, we know that the thoughts of
many a wanderer would turn towards his Northern home, and we
know too, that no intervening distance, no fetter of self-interbirth.
est,
would keep from our
true sons of our
common
side, in the
hour of
trial,
the loyal and
country.
Let but our statesmen do their duty, with the consciousness that
CANADA FIRST
36
all
OUR NEW NATIONALITY.
OR,
;
the elements which constitute greatness, are
closer combination
tional
life
:
are here available for use
Minerva-like into existence
relative terms, a
now
awaiting a
that all the requirements of a higher na-
;
;
do not spring
that nations
that strength
and weakness
are
few not being necessarily weak, because they
are few, nor a multitude necessarily strong because they are
many
;
that hesitating, doubting, fearing, whining over supposed
or even actual weakness, and conjuring up possible dangers
is
not the true way to strengthen the foundations of our Dominion, or to give confidence in its continuance.
have
faith in the rest,
and
cultivate a
Let each of us
broad feeling of regard
for
mutual welfare, as being those who are building up a fabric that is
destined to endure.
by a common belief
Thus stimulated and thus strengthened
in a glorious future,
watchword to give unity
we
to thought
and with a common
and power
to endeavour,
shall attain the fruition of our cherished hopes,
and give our
beloved country a proud position among the nations of the
earth.
THE END.
Hunter, Rose &
Co., Printers,
Bookbinders, &c.
Fly UP