n LP 5012 F
LP F 5012 n \- (§ntm a Intuerattij Stbrarg KINGSTON, ONTARIO National Papers. There is an No. t, intellectual vivification, at last, in there are indications that the native mind is Canada, and awaken- at present ing from the lethargy which has hitherto shrouded and dwarfed This it. is expressed in many ways, and is most observable in the large reading constituency that exists in the country, in the influence which has given the impulse to the publishing porting of the Book Trade, and a Canadian magazine The degree, dian and affairs The vehicle of native thought it is felt, incite, it is and will stimulate this to culture. a further hoped, a more hearty interest in Cana- by the people of the country. Publishers trust to be able to issue, periodically, in the series they will —a present lecture, and im- in the recognized necessity for now initiate, a succession of papers on subjects that prove of national importance, and their object will be gained if it aid, even in a small degree, to promote a more ambitious and healthy native literature. THE PUBLISHERS. Toronto, August, 187 i. CANADA FIHST; OR, ^ew Nationality; Our inew AN ADDRESS, BY W. A. FOSTER, Esq., BARRISTER- AT-LAW, TORONTO ADAM, STEVENSON & 1871. CO. F5ol L/ANADA HREE ^ FlI\ST, hundred and thirty-seven years ago Jacques triumphal shout of his hardy mariners, flung to the breeze the Fkur-dfrlis of old France. Since then what a land of adventure and romance has We may home-born epic mock over, or may have no been ! for the nursery, or no tourney feats to rhapsodise for the study ; heroics to emblazon on our prismatic the sharp this have no native ballad preface of our existence, soften amid the Cartier erected the cross at Gasp6, and, *, outline fables or to illumine curious of our myths early escutcheon; we and adorn the to history obscure and ; yet woven into the tapestry of our past, are whole volumes of touch- ing poetry and great tomes of glowing prose that rival fiction in eagerness of incident, and in marvellous climax put fable to the blush. We need not ransack foreign romance deeds, nor are tion and most tried we can •sacrifices valorous we compelled to go abroad for sad tales of privaThe most chivalrous we can match the suffering. recounts to for parallel. ; Each stage of this country's progress us, in all the simplicity of unpremeditated record, endured, hardships encountered, and brave deeds done, not amid the applause of an interested and anxious world, nor OJ 4 IjO CANADA FIRST; 6 yet amid the pomp and pride of oft recurring circumstance, but rather in silent, ever-changing strait when every OR, and myriad-formed danger, faculty sprang into earnest, vigorous action, every sense grew sharp by reason of restless emergency civilization grappled with herculean savagery, and with nature was the ; and when, alas ! man and when ; fought the consciousness of duty done sole reward achieved, or the solitary unnamed mound, monument won. chapleted by the winter's snow, was the only Yet there are few heroes Pantheon. in our Where every man does his duty, heroes are not wanted and are not missed. For years our frontier echoed to the roar of battle scream of the Indian and the hoarse mingling in death-agony tinuously, the shrill man while along the dim corridors of our ; of lonely yet patient of starving children. ; white North Wind came laden with the forests the unpitying stifled sighs yell of the half- women, and the shivering wail In the old times war raged almost con- and every man was a soldier. First came the con- tests with the Iroquois and the Hurons, garnished with sad tales of civilized atrocities and savage vengeance. appetite for horrors may be found demands in the details of the massacre of Lachine, 1,400 Iroquois warriors bering village, and plied the torch and and reserving only for inexorable flame spared. dren were burnt tortures were not a few. to ashes, blood. their alive, when swooped down by night upon a slum- relentlessness of savage hate, showing sex, If one's gratification, the needful stimulant tomahawk with mercy all the to neither age nor a sickening butchery, those whom the Two hundred men, women and chil- and those who died under prolonged Houses, crops, everything was reduced and woe held exultant sway amid desolation and Next came the wars between England and France, with mimic reproduction on this continent; the ambitions, OUR NEW NATIONALITY. animosities and devastation and European diplomacy bringing jealousies of Canadian homes ; and the swaying death into incidents of the 7 Old World, finding their obsequious parallel, three thousand miles across the sea, in the wilds of the New In vain the win Canada. efforts to New. Englander made desperate and persistent In spite of repeated invasions, and in the face of large odds, the flag of France kept proudly afloat. A 1 people varying in number, from 25,000 in 1679 to 7o>o°o in 76 1, not only thwarted every attempt at their subjugation by the much more with a densely populated colonies to the south, but, little stingily rendered assistance from the parent land, held their own Mournful the history of those days. is repeated against attack by land and sea. There were no ambu- lance trains then, no Christian charities to assuage the horrors of battle, and little skill Mercy was to alleviate its sufferings. a word unknown, for the civilized had become apt pupils of the savage. inflicted Need in the love of day, I rehearse in your ears the on the simple-minded, God and terrible punishment inoffensive Acadians who "dwelt of man," and the hearts of the owners —" dwellings open —when hundreds of their " as families were torn apart, wife from husband, child from parent, and, " the freighted vessels departed, " Bearing a nation, with all its household gods, into exile, " Exile without an end, and without an example in story ;" discharging their living cargoes at intervals along the coast from Boston to Carolina, and flinging alien in race like outcasts among a people and language, those homeless, houseless, broken- hearted wanderers. O ! was a cruel act without it an inhuman vengeance without excuse! of Evangeline, her heart filled Who palliation, has not read with inexpressible sweetness, CANADA FIRST; 8 OR, pursuing through the slow-revolving years the phantom of her love, and losing the unsatisfied anguish longing, celestial brightness of her girlhood in " the and the of patience;" unhappy and or deep pain and constant dull, " weary with of Gabriel, restless, seeking, in the and of sorrow;" or of the dying Marguerite, of self sweet-voiced Whittier has sung ' The world whom the : " Done was the work of her hands, she had eaten her ' waiting, western wilds, oblivion of of the alien people lay behind her, bitter bread ; dim and dead, " But her soul went back to its child time ; she saw the sun o'erflow " With gold the Basin of Minas, and set over Gaspereau " She saw the face of her mother, she heard the song she sang, ; " And far off, faintly, slowly, the bell for vespers rang." But pathetic incident must give place before the march of torical event. was not It by incessant until wearied out deserted by the parent land, and overborne that the exchanged his bers, British French Canadian allegiance. by down laid num- arms and In the spring of 1758, 30,000 combatants were ready to march on Canada, not merely raw militiamen, but regular troops as well, led by on attack, superior his his- European requisites, battle-fields, Canadians knew their artillery and siege and daring fleet. The armed with and supported by an active officers trained danger and prepared to meet An it. inquest of the inhabitants was held, and the male population of the colony between the ages of sixteen be but 15,000. and sixty was found to Aid was implored from France, but instead of munitions of war and recruits, the devoted colonists were vouchsafed official despatches recommending them to dispute every inch of territory, foot to foot, with the British, and to sustain the honour of the French arms to the utmost. " Not OUR NEW NATIONALITY. 9 only would additional troops be a means of aggravating the evils " of the dearth which has too long afflicted the colony — " but the the French Minister " they would be captured on their thither, Though British." thus basely deserted ; were falling to ruin and way to you, if sent by the though exhausted by continual marching and incessant fighting lings —wrote chances are great that though their dwel- ; their fields lay waste wives and children were crying for bread ; though their ; the despised and forsaken French Canadians neither flung aside their allegiance nor forgot their honour, but plunged into the final struggle a devotion which excites our wonder and admiration. On of no avail. One the 13th September, 1759, Quebec was year afterwards the French flag was hauled Canada became a part of the British Empire. It with was taken. down and Great was the joy manifested in England over the conquest of Louis XIV. 's " acres of snow." gratulating possessions Wolfe Addresses were presented to the King, con- him on ; this much-coveted addition to the Imperial Abbey was accorded a statue in Westminster \ who had taken part in the ordered that prayers Heaven throughout But change of Quebec expedition of thanksgiving rulers did not bring out, it was permanent peace to the Sixteen years after Wolfe took Quebec, Canada again became the scene of war. broke and ; should be offered to the whole Empire. harassed colonists. lution to public thanks were decreed to each of the chief officers The American Revo- and Canada, with a population of about 70,000 was called upon to meet the attack of a people number- Every ing 3,000,000. art of persuasion was tried in vain Revolutionists to win the Canadians to their side sion was made Canada into the ; by the due provi- in the Federal Constitution for the admission of new confederacy, but without the anticipated CANADA FIRST; IO Then result. OR, was concluded that more severe measures it should be resorted to, and in order to bring the refractory blind inhabitants of this ice-clad region to a proper sense of One their interests, if not their duty. enthusiastic American Colonel proposed to conquer and hold the whole country with 2,000 men. Finally, Canada was invaded by an army under General Schuyler, but, after a tions to take futile effort to carry out his instruc- Quebec, Montreal, and other places, the General withdrew. At the close of the revolutionary war, twenty-five thousand When persons, exiles from the States, sought refuge in Canada. we call to mind that there was not a tree cut from Ottawa to Kingston, a distance of 150 miles, that Kingston was a village of a few huts, and that around the shores of Lakes Ontario and Erie was a dense wilderness, we can form some idea of the all hardships that fell to the lot of those who that the done during the revolutionary war was not monopolized fighting by the sacrificed everything Remember but honour, on the shrine of allegiance. regular troops of Great Britain ; there were corps regiments of American loyalists with familiar nations. They had their King's titles and and desig- Rangers and Queen's Rangers, the Prince of Wales' American Volunteers, Georgia Loyalists, New Jersey Volunteers, Loyal New Loyalists, Pennsylvania Loyalists, our Queen's Own Englanders, and so Maryland on, just as or the Prince of Wales' regiment. w e have r Yet, when peace was made between Britain and the States, those loyalists who had placed their lives and property in peril were left to the tender mercies of the revolutionists, without any stipulation as to their protection, without any security even for their lives. Lord Loughborough spoke of Lords he said : truly when in his place in the House "In ancient or modern history there has not OUR NEW NATIONALITY. been so shameful a desertion of their men who have duty and to their reliance upon British spoke in like terms : " who are now exposed vengeance and poverty can Lord North as in the to every inflict principles, desertion of punishment that because they were not Exile was the reward of those rebels/' sacrificed all to faith." Never were the honour, the the policy of a nation so grossly abused those men, II who had been for- saken by king and country, and thus Canada became the home of those whom we call the U. E. Loyalists. Thirty years after the acknowledgment of American Inde- pendence, came the war of 1812, with Canada once more the battle ground. An Act was passed by Congress calling 100,000 volunteers into active service, but the Canadians were by proclamations nor dismayed by neither deceived call to river, arms rang throughout the country threats. A echoing from lake to , and piercing the inmost recesses of the How forest. the eyes of the old refugee loyalists must have flashed as the rusty flint-lock was taken from the rack above the recollection of by-gone hardships up from the past ! How must the pulses of throbbed as they grasped the trusty silence of home preparation story of their parents' exile. dressing old wrongs that clung to and the there the young men have and, amid the sudden rifle, for departure, Now fire-place, and persecution came surging pondered over the sad was opportunity memory for re- with fierce tenacity ! There was no calculation of the chances of success; no reckoning over the probable consequences of failure. had forgotten was and country. their desertion, in the hour of There were but 280,000 people All that they peril, all per and Lower Canada, yet the event justified their dence. General Hull with 2,500 men by king told in Up- self-confi- invaded Canada by way of Sandwich, and then surrendered himself and his army pris- CANADA FIRST; oners of war at Detroit. General OR, Van Rensellaer appeared at Queenston with 2,000 men, but only to surrender was at far as men General Smyth landed 3,000 of them. General Pike brought 2,500 once driven back. Little into the air at least 900 at Fort Erie, but men as, York, where he and 200 of them were blown by an explosion chester led 1,000 men Old at the General Win- Fort. Frenchtown, near Detroit, but their to General Dearborne, with 3,000 men, was de^ end was capture. feated at Stony Creek. General Harrison, with 2,500 men, was beaten at Fort Meigs. General Wilkinson, with 3,000 men, was Farm. utterly routed at Chrysler's out with a grand army of 8,000 men Hampden General set to capture Montreal, but he suffered an ignominious defeat from a handful of Canadian militia under De Salaberry. General McClure succeeded in Hampden's taking Niagara, but defeat caused him to retire. General Brown crossed at Black Creek, with 5,000 men, but after the experience of Lundy's Lane and Fort Erie, deemed prudent to withdraw. At no point along the frontier did the invaders gain any important advantage, and ded, Canada had not These are merely keep them reflect one inch of historical facts, but the war en- is it just as well to to Were we disposed to vaunt ourselves, we might more modern times, and ask Was there a dis: play of timidity in the Trent when when territory. at our fingers' end, for they are not unpleasant to upon. come down lost it the sanctity of our affair ? common Did Canadians hold back flag Were was violated? reasons for neutrality in the impending struggle searched out with eagerness of ? —the money Or did our people fruit sigh over their of years of hard work little hoards —or look with faint- ing heart at the scarce-born evidences of substantial progress that surrounded them ? Like the everlasting fire on the altar,. OUR NEW NATIONALITY, gave forth a steady loyalty more pure than in the I $ flame never brighter or light, its hour of national Think you, now y peril. that Canada has no claim to rank with those lands where ad- venture has had play and romance has had heroic devotion which distinguished and British origin, most cherished But our past tic is less its home, or that the a" inhabitants, of French worthy of a place in story than the traditions of the old world ? is characterised attachment to a flag, by something more than roman- or chivalrous devotion to an idea. Sen- timent did not blunt the edge of industry, nor suffering give Every breathing excuse for idleness* husbandman changed the for the warm glow of war gave the spell The sword and musket were opportunity. plough and sickle and a ; of peace, yielded a grateful return. echoed the ring of the axe and the crash of timber. solitariness of the a home back-woods the sturdy for himself and merely at arm's length. his family, with ex- fruitful soil, feeling settler The forest Amid the was hewing out hunger and cold kept Between him and his nearest neigh- The traveller or trader bour, miles of dark forest intervened. picked his way across tangled brushwood and fallen timber, tramped wearily over a trackless wilderness of snow, or* finding, few finger-posts by the road-side to point out the direction he* wished to take. for there All kinds of field were very few oxen and the mails left Upper Canada for so that epistolary effort was not work were done by still fewer horses. England about twice a much taxed. only road from Lower Canada was by the rapids being ascended by canoes and bateaux days, until the flat-bottomed foot pole use. St. Durham can read in the year,, For years th£ Lawrence, 1k& in ten or twelve? boats, steered with a ten- and pushed along by two men on each We hand,< In 1789,, side, came into York Gazette, of April 29th, 1815, CANADA FIRST; 14 George Murray, Kt, arrived that the Lieut-Governor, Sir York from Burlington, go far to learn all witnesses are Now we still OR, about the hardships of the early among us who passed through settlers, for the ordeal. can afford to look back with some degree of compla- cency, for industry has produced abundant fruit, and we are reaping in joy a harvest sown in tears and trouble. As farm farm was rescued from native wildness, schemes of after nal improvement, viewed as shadowy first inter- impossibilities, into reality, whiJe the bounteous yield of a virgin soil sent life at But none of us need in a birch canoe. into every artery of trade. Land was grew new gradually freed from the tight-locking folds of rapacious hydras, and the barnacles that fattened on the of the country. of state were torn from the vitals offices What has been the result? millions of people. ports were ; last year our ex- over seventy-three millions, and our imports over seventy-four millions of dollars. built four In 1806, the value of the exports from the whole of the Provinces was $928,000 was In 1812, the pop- Canada was 280,000; to-day Canada has over ulation of on Lake Ontario ; In 181 5, the to-day Canada is first steamboat the third mari- time power in the world, with six million tons entered inwards, and five million tons entered outwards, our trade. In 1851, Canada had but engaged in carrying on fifty-five miles of railway; to-day there are three thousand miles in operation, several hun- dreds of miles under construction, and a scheme on foot to build 2,500 miles more that will present a route between England and Japan, t,ioo miles shorter than by cisco, and give us a continuous across the continent. We New York and line of four San Fran- thoujand miles possess a system of canals the most complete in the world, that cost us twenty millions of —so dollars, complete indeed that President Grant looks upon it as OUR NEW NATIONALITY. part of the St. banking capital The Lawrence navigation. is 1 aggregate of our over thirty-six millions of dollars, and the savings of our people, represented by deposits in our monetary institutions, We amount to about sixty-four millions. have coal in Nova Scotia, on the Atlantic Saskatchewan, in the heart of the Continent couver's Island, on the Pacific. We fisheries, at Van- have mineral wealth as various as our needs, and, in extent, boundless. our doors, exhaustless coal at the ; and coal ; We have, at the richest in the world, fur- nishing an annual yield estimated at twenty million dollars to the various countries engaged in them, and giving us a nursery for is Our adventurous and hardy seamen. immense, and capable of forests are the 70,000 indefinite envy of the world. sailors, and now have agricultural product expansion We have, 700,000 at least ; men between the As for ages of 20 and 60 available for defensive purposes. territory, we have more than room a population of 40,000,000. for here in its half the continent, and elbow- Religious freedom exists most perfect form, and our elaborate system of com- mon schools, colleges and universities to all to achieve distinction. We gives an equal opportunity have political institutions combining the greatest freedom with the most perfect upon riot, and our or will have shortly, restraint recognizing the rights of the people without beget- ting distrust or disrespect for lawful authority : neither ignoring the poor nor bringing terror to the rich ; giving voice to property without drowning the tones of labour ; allowing complete self- government by means of a graduated jurisdiction and, through a well-understood and easily enforced system of responsibility^ admitting of reform without revolution, government without despotism. Our Dominion with any deliberative body Legislature will compare favourably in the world. Accident may have CANADA FIRST; 1 brought to the surface of politics a OR, good many who reason of the cork-like lightness of their brains men whole, our public Our extreme, but fiercely place it is certainly carried party the pit, the to strife an axiom that the smaller the more The world would be rather a stupid men thought and acted alike. The charms of do the if by on the are as able as those of other countries. have politicians float but, ; all rats fight. novelty and variety are too attractive, even to the idlest and most listless, to render an unbroken harmony either pleasant to the eye or grateful to the Diversities of temper, of un- ear. derstanding, of interest, are necessary to stimulate our love of existence ; our impulses, offensive and defensive, serving as a preservative from mental paralysis, as a preventive as regards public langour and impotence, and as a safe-guard against the The old enervating influences of a dreary, monotonous dulness. Norse Mythology, with ings, appeals to us,-^-for true out-crop of human weak marrow-bones Thor hammers and Thor hammer- its we are a Northern people, nature, more manly, more superstition of — real, as the than the an effeminate South. For the purposes of attrition, the bigoted dotard, the reckless empiric, and the shallow babbler are also the wise, the cautious, fine flour, We ties we must have a nether as cannot construct impromptu, is produce the political par- always an inert mass, incapable of sudden emotion, subject merely One might victory or defeat. To well as an upper mill-stone. nor manufacture politicians, for there useful in their way, as are and the prudent. to that oscillation as well try to which gives form a political party from persons of a peculiar physiognomy, as to into sets of political principles. naturally or not at if at company all, drill. for men They must come fit meni toge&her cannot be sized in principles, Let the worst come, however ; as. we know. OUR NEW NATIONALITY. that political parties have their beginning are built, sion is 1 and their end. and enthusiasts and demagogues to the extreme, pushed have gone mad, the turning point those who have •era. When their senses the time does Babels But when discus- and confusion of tongues ensues. left, come reached, and an union of is marks the beginning of a new renewal of for a strife, we spin around, in accordance with the immutable laws by which the political world is regulated, and we cannot, if we would, avoid the scrambling, jostling, quarrelling and fighting, incident to the free institutions in a free country. enjoyment of there be a country, common it is However, if object in view, and that the welfare of the best for us not to complain too much. Formerly, the provinces, whose destinies are were disunited, knowing little, and caring less, now linked, about each other. Instead of an interchange of commodities, and of floating population, the current ran in a foreign direction, sands of our young men were the building up of our rivals shutting us not only lost to — yes, rivals out with higher ! us, was a dependency, with five its this by harsh and obstructing our But we were not always considered At one time the prospect looked gloomy enough. board for but went to what means thwarting us tariffs, legislation, abrogating reciprocity treaties, development? else and thou- rivals. Old Canada best portion shut in from the sea- months of the year separated from those of ; kindred sympathies, and acknowledging a like allegiance, by an almost untraversable tract of country ; gazing at the prosperity of a nation that held out every inducement to unite with it without manufactures or capital, yet witnessing a stream of British wealth pouring into the lap of bour ; thinly populated and outbid its Times have changed, however, and there B overshadowing neigh- in attracting immigration. is no reason why this CANADA FIRST; 1 OR, dawn of our era should not be but the All that prosperity. has been done here, has been accomplished in the teeth of com- which petition with a nation cepted as, calls itself, the most enterprising of creation" in everything Destiny," and outruns time in all is nations; which " beats its hurry to do all We have been it. and threatened, yet neither alternately flattered generally ac- " steals the keys from snoring does, it and wile nor threat has mortgaged our country with dishonour, or caused us to some excuse some So our identity. sacrifice for us ; Thanks justification. ren have now the means geography without American Union if we we hope if take pride in the past there for the future, Thus far, as a country my of acquiring a knowledge of Canadian searching through every State in the first to find the country they live in, as a people, has distinguished itself mind has grown ; ; when inert but it may be well to consider ; results, whether the unit isolated from the by reason of the need mass whether ; to supply mere whether chopping and digging have blunted and kept ambitions of the soul our brains pumping dry has kept pace, in individual effort with combined action and joint progress sensibilities, and can now object has been to indicate our advancement and bodily wants first Yankee buncombe. whether individual the have, at least, Ryerson, our school child- to Dr, learn something of Canadian history without the reservoir of we is ; in the back-ground the whether our soil is more more refined fertile than whether scholarship and talent find in Canada a congenial home. backwoodsmen, It may be bold to venture us hazard results. for mere colonists, on dangerous comparisons ; There are Canadian names known • mere but let to the world, outside our boundaries, on which renown has fallen, and we are entitled, at least, to claim whatever credit is our due. OUR NEW NATIONALITY. Thanks gists of the day ; Sir William Logan is Sir Duncan Gibb is Canadians, one of became famous Among ; far to go one of the .great geolo- among the foremost in In Art, distinction has been attained by medical science. London Mr. Morgan, we have not to the industry of for information. 1 whom flourished in Russia; for colour, Gilbert S. Newton and was made a Royal Academician in Quebec boy, won Falardeau, a poor ourselves there are names we celebrity in Italy. delight to honour —Paul Kane, Plamondon, Bourassa, Berthon, Hamel, and Legare all We gifted artists. claim Sir Samuel Cunard, the father of steam navigation on the Atlantic ship-owner in the world; and of the day. surveying officer Sir ; Sir Hugh Edward Allan, the largest Belcher, the Scholarship thought have not suffered from our practical logical lore finds a master spirit in Dr. University, who is McCaul, of our national who have taken the elucidation of Britanno-Roman inscriptions. new Archaeo- life. pronounced, by the Satw'day Review, to be a better scholar than any of the antiquaries not only casts first and profound light to Dr. Wilson upon the archaeology and pre-historic annals of Scotland, but dives into the ethnology and antiquities of America, with a zeal and success which evoke the admiration of those skilled in such subjects. From the Ottawa region Mr. Todd sends forth the most useful and complete text-book that has ever appeared, constitution. on the practical operation of the British John Foster Kirk, of cording to the highest critics, entitled New Brunswick, has, ac- himself to take rank with those accomplished historians, Prescott and Motley, by the production of his history of Charles the Bold. We can boast, who have distinguished themselves. Judge Haliburton, of Nova Scotia, has won fame through the sayings and doings of Sam Slick. Be- too, of humourists, novelists, and tale-writers, CANADA FIRST; 20 OR, we claim Major Richardson, sides him, New cousta;" Professor de Mille, of "Wawho wrote the author of Brunswick, "The Dodge Family"; Mr. Jenkins, the author of Baby" De Boucherville, Bourassa, and Lajoie, who ; their writings, men ; evidenced " Ginx's have, in the sparkle and dash of true French- all New Brunswick, known to American May Carleton Rossana Leprohen Louisa Mrs. Fleming, of literature as Cousin ; ; Murray, who who has given to us a vivid picture of old-time hardships, in her " Roughing Our in the Bush." historians are Garneau, In Canniff. Heavysege, the author of "Saul," and "Jepthah's we have a dramatic poet of Daughter," great imagination and whose productions were received with considerable wonder by North it Murdock, McMullen, Lindsey, and Christie, Charles feeling, Week; and Mrs. Moodie, contributes to Once a foreign critics. One British, said, " This of the great Quarterlies, the work is undoubtedly one of the most remarkable ever written out of Great Britain. This copy," the critic goes on to remark, " was given to the writer of the present article by Mr. Nathaniel Hawthorne, to whose recom- mendation of this, to him and unknown Canadian to us, poet, our readers, and English literature generally, are beholden for introduction their first to a most curious work." Sangster chants, in no unworthy limities of " which he Of him our great waters. His verse adds new sings, celebrates." strains, the beauties interest to the Dr. O. and sub- W. Holmes wrote, woods and streams amidst and embellishes the charms of the maidens he The soul-stirring lyrics of combine manly thought with apt and those of us Charles who have been fortunate Alexander McLachlan terse expression; enough to have and familiar- ized ourselves with them, need not a Sir Archibald Alison to tell us that the author is one truly inspired with the genius of OUR NEW NATIONALITY. 21 poetry. Isidore Ascher has sung tenderly and sweetly of household gods, in his " Voices from the Hearth ; " and Charles Mair, the Canadian Keats, tempts us with delicious melody away to the sunny we do not make renown great hills in poem while the own Lawyer," are or the essay lies mulating dust and respectability are perhaps no worse room little However, for still Physician," and purchased with avidity, on the bookseller's accu- shelf, though, in this particular, ; We than our neighbours. off brag over names in their literature that among the poets, historians, us, we have done and our cousins across the well, everything considered, have " Dreamland."* "The Family literature. Man His own " Every of his pretence to having achieved, as a people, as there are not a lines dozen can be placed in the front rank and novelists of to-day. In the annals of war, Canadians have achieved distinction for skill and valour. The who was reputed naval officer in the service of France, and of one of its first the most skilful De Lery, Need we military engineers. of Quebec, call the roll who have done battle for Britain? Dunn campaigned in Egypt, Italy and Spain those Canadians General General Beckwith fought at the Nile and at Waterloo Sir Provo Wallis captured the Chesapeake figured in a phal was hundred engagements wounded on board the Wiltshire served in India McNab, names old French times give to us the of DTberville, of Montreal, and ; Admiral MajorMajor- ; Admiral ; Admiral Watt ; Sir George West- Victory at Trafalgar in the Peninsular Sir ; war ; Thos. Captain of Toronto, was on Picton's staff at Waterloo Richard England led the 3rd division wick Williams won fame at Kars, and at Sir Inkerman John of ; Sir Inglis at ; Sir Fen- Luck- * Those who desire to acquaint themselves with the best efforts of our song writers will find the Rev. E. H. Dewart's collection very useful. CANADA FIRST; 22 now Col. ; Dunn, of Toronto, was OR, selected, as the bravest of the immortal Six Hundred, to receive the Victoria Cross won of Perth, though a surgeon, for daring feats in the Sewell, ; The hot sun equal of India graves of Montizambert, Evans, Joly, in the Crimea, Parker fell with his face ; to the foe valour, Side by side, with the the Canadian fought with with equal honour. fell down upon the and Vaughan looks same reward of the Indian mutiny. soldier of the motherland, devotion, and Read, ; and on the ramparts of the Redan died Welsford, with the bloom of youth glowing on his cheek, and a boy's all enthusiasm fresh at his heart. We have which is another record of competition and success still The worthy of reference. have not been left great British Universities untried by Canadians. Hincks, of Toronto, Redpath, of Montreal, Vidal, of Sarnia, proved that for our young men to it is compete successfully with the possible At best. the Staff College, at Sandhurst, Ridout, of Toronto, headed the list of candidates from of Toronto, came out Robinson, branches of the service. all fourth, and Benson, of St. Catharines, was the recipient of special honours for the high stand he took. Even the great public schools of England have not been essayed in vain. Not long ago Plum, of Niagara, was the head boy at Rugby. But with so much reason apprehensive that vanity national character feel in — for will for some time at least. disposed to vaunt ourselves unduly, mind tempt. that we self-felicitation, are not obtain undue ascendancy in the it Lest may be we should well to bear Canada has been frequently spoken of with con- The normal country resolves old-world itself into idea respecting us confused pictures, in which snow, falling timber, snow shoes, furs, and our frost and and wild Indians are the OUR NEW NATIONALITY. most prominent, 23 not the only, objects of vision. if notions are suggested by the word "Colony," so that no great dexterity in intonation to use reproach. We know desired, he was transported religious zealot a colony was assisted adventure when it efficient requires term of the absence of a criminal was to a colony became obnoxious, he when a ; that an as it Peculiar when a ; political or was banished fled or " ne'er-do-weel " was to be got rid to a colony. Wild spirits sought through love of it persons of strong religious convictions braved ; unknown dangers through enthusiasm grew narrow and bread emigrant-ship many heart-strings that scarce, a true ; when and, to he of, its resources gnawing poverty drove into the man and noble woman, snapping would not be untied, uprooting tender associa- seemed incapable of disentanglement, and unveiling tions that to the rude gaze of the stranger whose shrine is all those sanctities of emotion prelude to a new The the innermost tabernacle of our being. tremulous farewells wafted from the ship's life side, were but the We of heroic purpose and resolute action. can scarcely wonder, therefore, that the word colony carries with it some awkward as well as sad significations. The estab- lishment of the colonies of Ancient Greece was occasioned by Rome by and those of Modern The American Colonies were looked upon as feeders to the Mother Land their resources being regarded as so much plunder for home enterprise, and their population as legitimate prey for home avarice. In the necessity ; those of utility ; Europe by greed and ambition. ; old French times Canada was farmed out to monopolists even when French Canadians here were fighting existence against large odds, Frenchmen in writing disparagingly of them, as " a people slowly in the woods, who ; and for their very France who were multiplied associated with savages, but who CANADA FIRST; 24 OR, furnished no return to the royal exchequer, no soldier to the royal host, no colonial merchandise Brave Canadian room officers to the home trader." were slighted and displaced to make for the indigent yet supercilious favourites of the authorities ; and we read home that the appointment of the Marquis de Vaudreuil, as Governor of Montreal, was conceded with much hesitation, dian. Coming down because his countess was to more modern times, our hunger for criticism and satisfy our fullest extent, cal press. from books of Dr. thirst for notice, to travel, as well as John Hpwison, a Scotch w^orld of a people " (meaning ourselves) incorrigible beings that they a native Cana- we can appease traveller, who were when, the the from the perioditells the are the untutored remnant of ruffian a disbanded regiment or outlawed refuse of some European nation, they sought refuge in the wilds of that they would neither countenanced in any find the Upper Canada, aware means of sustenance, nor be civilized country." Sir Charles Dilke, in his " Greater Britain," pronounces Canadian loyalty to be mere hatred to the United States, and sees no reason why the Mother Country should spend blood and treasure in protecting Cana- The Edinburgh dians against the consequences of their hate. Review described us as "retainers who accept notice to quit." The Fenian will neither give raids One language from a portion of the English press. the Army and Navy Gazette, said : — " There 3,000,000 sturdy colonial Britons there, nor evoked some plain journal, are upwards of all told, and they are so dreadfully afraid of the approach of the raw, ragged Fenians that may succeed in forcing the incessantly calling Every newspaper United States cordon, as to be on the mother country in the colony is filled for military aid. with the same doleful OUR NEW NATIONALITY. Canadians are calling appeal for help. do for them what, do if They for themselves. lustily they had any pluck or encouragement to our yield us and trade, 25 upon England to they ought to spirit, no revenue, they give no yet, in the moment of assumed danger, they call out with almost feminine nervousness for help." One lady traveller, whose name is not vouchsafed to us, in the record of her experience in Canada, speaks of our most respectable society kitchen, " Their as and the grotesque snobbery of the ladies," incivility being characterized by the manners of the and see unladylike, as waspish our says critic, little " servants' hall. do not regard or no impropriety in rudeness, oftentimes mistaking the former for haughtiness, and supposing the latter to be the perquisite of good breeding." Besides this direct method of toning our vanity, there sort of its compliment and method of patronage that sting by reason of indirectness. When phers obscure inscriptions, great wonder critics that when so much sagacity is loses a none of McCaul Dr. is deci- expressed by foreign and knowledge should ripen here Man, amazement takes when Todd defines the Dr. Wilson writes of Pre-historic possession of the reviewer's breast; limits of the royal prerogative parliamentary privilege, it is and the theory and practice of considered a remarkable circum- stance that England should be indebted to a colonist for such a work ; which and even when a Canadian Volunteer produces a book is deemed worthy of translation into certain of the military authorities throw French and German, up their hands presumption, and point their satire with epithets whose supposed to the lie in certain equivocal associations at such force is connected with word " Colony," and the designation " Colonist." A young country is peculiarly sensitive to outside criticism. CANADA FIRST; 26 A very few words pleasure ment, ; spoken OR, by a in our favour, stranger, give us and a very few malicious words, uttered irritate sorely. The to our detri- being a dependent, though fact of but in name, does not blunt the edge of harshly worded rebuke. Our cousins press ; across and resources, the lines, with strength, smarted all their self-esteem and under the lash of a foreign Canadians, with fewer pretensions, might be so that excused for displaying somewhat of a similar weakness. It was we examined easy to laugh at us when, with pardonable vanity, English opinion for some word of encouragement, some tribute to our loyalty, some recognition of our The ledgment of our progress. industry, some acknow- circumstances in which the various Provinces were placed, as well as the recollection of what had been endured naturally in the preservation of our allegiance, enough prompted us some appreciation of our tion and was derived, by us still less at least, came kinship and the States and and Time and We find, which leads so allegiance, writers to lavish their their satire again comparisons have been of progress. ocean. in that disregard of the tie of bond of common British travellers on the United dictatorial utterances, to us across the some ground of complaint many from the for Little satisfac- from the scoldings indulged in with "all the license of ink," that also, Mother Land to look to the steadiness of purpose. made again have compliments on Canada. Time and to our prejudice in respect we been lectured on our bubbling and seething loyalty, and charged with an inclination to sponge on the Imperial exchequer. It is not ridicule hearty expressions of attachment, nor does great cleverness to fling off the word " lip-loyalty." so glibly utter the reproach forget what it is difficult to it require Those who that they are OUR NEW NATIONALITY. striking The at. citizen of the United States has a own, and a nationality of his own to look abroad Provinces, —the Canadian For years for his. 27 flag of his has ever had British policy isolated the prevent their absorption in the neighbouring to Republic, and in so doing stunted the growth of a native The national sentiment. exiles of the American revolution carried hither the recollection of injuries sustained, for a cause worthy of the endured and losses which they, foolishly or Many sacrifice. of wisely, deemed them gave up home, lands, kindred, and the associations of youth, and exchanged comfort dangers and hardships of an inhospitable and and ease for the unknown wilderness. to cast reflections When on a Englishmen, therefore, undertake loyalty that has so frequently proved first consider how much is covered we are prosperous and united, vigourous and well-to-do and now that some of the traditions of the past are gradually losing their hold on the imagination of a new itself a by the reality, they should boast. Now that ; generation, that sentiment which so long found an outlet declamation over the glories of the Mother Land, more natural nourishment from native sources. consider whether the doling out of so much benefit received will much will in draw a Critics should gratitude for so be more acceptable than the heredit- ary romantic attachment which allowed no danger, no loss, Young no we are, we are too old to be abused without retort weak as we may be, we are too strong to be bullied with impunity. Whar we demand from English writers is fair play and should the hpur of peril come, we may neglect to sully its purity. as ; ; venture to ask from England, withuut sinking our self-respect, a quantum of assistance proportioned rightly to the part play in attack or defence. No we decorations lavishly distributed, no baronetcies generously conferred, can or will answer as a 28 CANADA FIRST; substitute for respect and kindness or a mutual interchange of OR, affection.* * The following extract from the Church Herald, the organ of the Church of England in Canada, honours may be worthy of serious consideration: is — " Hereditary But Canada suited to a country of hereditary estates. not a country of hereditary estates is amongst our people, the slightest tendency to make it so. Consequently, if our leading men, instead of being knighted, are made baronets, there will be some risk of our having baronets sinking into the poorer classes of society, and trailing their Even escutcheons in the dust. family settlements, there nor is there, in England, in spite of primogeniture lower expedient of marrying money-bags. still fortunes of the landed nobility and gentry are But in England the stability with the perpetual fluctuations of Colonial wealth. hope of their But this will tend to another the public mind to connect with personal merit is ; transmitting large evil, doubt, in creat- men so rich as properties inasmnch as to it their will lead honour with wealth, instead of connecting it is above merit and, assuredly, the lesson that wealth not exactly the one which commercial Colonies need to learn. " There in seeing is another consideration which somewhat alloys our satisfaction an English baronetcy conferred on a We Canadian. leading men look to another country, country, for the highest rewards of merit. is even though If Canada be our mother it is to be a nation, time that her sons should begin to look for the highest rewards of merit here. Hitherto, the case of all the Colonies, in this respect, has been the same. None of them have been regarded, either by merchants or politicians, as their country, the ultimate sphere of their and regard make her with jealousy on behalf of Canada anything which tends to it compared itself No ing Colonial baronets care will always be taken to select to hold out a fair descendants. and number of pauper peers, whose sponge on the public, or resort to a considerable indigence often forces them to titled the is ; own efforts The Colonial and the future home of their children. merchant has amassed wealth in the hope of carrying it home to England, buying a great house in London, mingling as a member of the great plutocracy in London society, and rolling in a carriage round Hyde aspirations, Park. The meed, not politician, in the same manner, has looked to the applause of the Colony, or to generations of colonists, but to the favour trimmed bestow, Downing Street, and has hope of receiving the rewards which Downing and of ultimately going home to enjoy them. his course in the Street has to of for his highest the gratitude of future OUR NEW NATIONALITY. 29 As between the various Provinces comprising the Dominion, we need some cement more binding than geographical contact ; some bond more uniting than a shiftless expediency some ; While this continues it is impossible that we should have truly national statesmen or chiefs of commerce and industry thoroughly identified with our interests, present and future, and capable of the patriotic munificence must be owned, nobly distinguishes the wealthy men of the United States. Canadian men will seek to leave their names in the British peerage, not in the statute book of Canada ; Canadian merchants, which, it renown which and benefactors of great national institutions, will hoard it as a means of founding a family, and they will transfer it and themselves as speedily as possible to the only country where a family can be securely founded. We prize as highly as is possible to prize it, the continuance of an affectionate connection between Canada instead of spending their wealth in the acquisition of the belongs to the founders and the mother country ; but the connection must be so regulated as not to prevent Canada from becoming a nation. 1 ' What we say with regard to the State in Canada, regard to the Church also. may be said with We have sometimes heard complaints that the merits of Colonial clergymen are not recognized by promotion in the English Church ; but we cannot sympathize with these complaints, because appears to us that such promotion, however gratifying in some respects, would confirm Colonial Churchmen in a misapprehension of their position. Let the Church in Canada keep the most grateful recollection of her origin, and cherish her spiritual connection with the Church of the mother country ; but she must remember that she is herself the Church, not of England, but of Canada, and that she will have to draw her life from the soil in which she is planted, and to adapt herself to the circumstances and exigencies of her actual position. Our laity are apt to it fancy that they are by the State, still members of a Church and to refuse established to contribute for the and endowed support of the i clergy to anything like the extent which the voluntary system requires. Perhaps the clergy, on their part, sometimes do a little to keep up this illusion. Both clergy and laity, however, must get rid of it, if the Church is to prosper in this country. The Canadian laity have to support a Canadian clergy under the voluntary system gain the confidence of the to found the Canadian Church on the laity ; the clergy have to under the same system, and free allegiance of the Canadian people/ CANADA FIRST 30 lodestar OR, more potent than a mere community of porizing makeshifts may suit intend to be mere hewers of the end, j we should wood and drawers in right earnest set foundations of our identity unless ; laughing-stock of the world, we had we Tem- profit. Unless we a futureless people. of water until about strengthening the become the are ready to better not lose sight of the awful possibility of sinking under self-imposed burdens of terri- not by mimicking the formalities of the old world, It is tory. or aping time-worn solemnities which have ceased to be solemn, that dignity is to be acquired, nor is it by pantomine or burles- que that the thews of our nationality are to be strengthened. Periwigs and Gold-sticks have had their day, and for us to attempt to set up the mummied it is not well idols of a buried past on our simple Canadian maple as objects of worship, or graft the gaudy outgrowth of a luxuriant tropical vegetation. every man the son of his is own works, and code of etiquette nor the musty rules of the Heralds' tell us whom We know not what the future like sensible it men may, it is may have is of creed, of interest to be allayed, and a Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, there it exists in the The There are in the solution. composite people to be rendered homogenous. as Let being worked out anew with and we must do our part asperities of race, in store for us. our bounden duty to prepare for conscious of obligation to humanity. problem of self-government fresh data, office to or what to honour. the event be what it Here, we need no antique is Away down in the old Teutonic stock, just county of Waterloo in Ontario ; there are the descendants of the Pennsylvania Dutchmen in Lincoln, and of the New York Dutchmen around the Bay of Quint6 ; Highland Scotch clustering together in Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton, just as they do in Glengarry or Bruce ; and the old OUR NEW NATIONALITY. Norman and Breton stocks in the Province of Quebec. interior of the continent with breeds, again, across their In the and Scotch are French there on the Pacific coast there half- Then Indian blood and Indian habits. English, Irish, Scotch a motley collection of is and Canadian, with all their varied pecu- But the task of fusing and blending these various liarities. elements carried 3 is its much than seems. Switzerland has constitution safely through three European revolu- less difficult it tions, yet, of its two-and-a-half millions, one-and-two-thirds German, one-half million, French, and the remainder, other tongues. No ; —the common basis of but rather in finding some agreement strong enough to counteract Where are and not in the multitude of difficulty is differences, real or fancied, that exists, tegrating tendencies. speak Italian we disin- to look for such a basis ? In a work, lately published, an Englishman who paid us a visit, remarks that " to the Canadian it is of small concern what you He think of his country, self. has little of patriotic pride in Whatever pride of country a Canadian the most part, whom we is And outside of Canada." are quoting, goes on has, its it him- object, for the writer, from to assert that " whatever may be alleged to the contrary, the belief in the possibility of a separate future for Canada this true? justify is steadily lessening True or there not, is among Canadians." certainly a casual visitor in such a conclusion. among neglect some ground We Is to have too many us who are ever ready to worship a [foreign Baal, to the of their own There are too many tutelary gods. Cassandras in our midst ; many who whimper too over our supposed weakness and exaggerate others' supposed strength. But there are those who do not despair of the State neither weak-kneed nor faint of heart comes from within. There is a ; name who know I would ; who are that strength fain approach CANADA FIRST; 32 with befitting reverence, for of in all whom it admires in man. It tells of one the generous enthusiasm of youth was but mellowed by the experience of cultured manhood the memory the shadow casts athwart man those qualities that OR, warm who of one ; lavished love of an Irish heart on the land of his birth, yet gave a loyal and true affection to the land of his adoption strove with all the power of genius ; who to convert the stagnant pool of politics into a stream of living water who dared ; and national in the face of provincial selfishness, liberal in the teeth of sectarian strife ; who from to be impartially Halifax to Sand- wich sowed broadcast the seeds of a higher national life, and with persuasive eloquence drew us closer together as a people, pointing out to each what was good in the other, wreathing our sympathies and blending our hopes new Dominion into our first ; —yes one who breathed ! the spirit of a proud self-reliance, and Was taught Canadians to respect themselves. that a cry of it a wonder agony rang throughout the land when murder, and most unnatural, drank the foul Thomas D'Arcy life-blood of McGee ? There are times when the sluggish pulse is quickened into when the heart throbs with sympathy the most inwhen all that is human within us asserts unwonted tense supremacy. The sense of a loss shared in by each, of a dan- activity ; ; ger encountered by all, how much we have in flower of our youth went While voked invasion. fathers its which it became self-immolation. bodies of those who Such a time forth to repel a it was when by the and hallowed by the shrine Such a time fell many fond affection itself was strengthened subject, the wanton and unpro- tears sprang to the eyes of and loving mothers, strain to of brings before us with startling vividness common. it was when in the conflict the lifeless were brought home. OUR NEW NATIONALITY. Though a bone of our bone and down foe ; had not been left that our it Such a time it McGee. dian ; patriam inquit, ; i?i Romanum, sed commu?ie?n (Hum cruciatum shall not talents et loco Let calumny do crucem egisti" be said that the great statesman with and high place shall receive dred and home, cast all nescio libertatis et civitatis causain worst its brilliant more abundant honour his death, than the poor, friendless youth, marched for us. legum. libertatisque Gavium, non unwn hominem, JVon tu hoc quern, civem it ears, into our yet conspectu moriatur. in the news of upon our — he was a Cana—yet he died his " Spectet, — fell and crowding the hot blood Humble though his position was mental gifts may have been few hearts. to Our country was when the butchery of young Scott at Fort Garry thrilling every nerve, that ; first own breasts had been bared to the was when the assassin's hand struck the gifted, the genial, the patriotic reeled with the blow. proud felt to strangers had been the flesh of our flesh Such a time .storm. we load of grief pressed on every heart, that the post of danger meet the $3 the attractions of to his fate with a courage in who, away from kinlife behind, and and devotion that fill us As we plant the cypress on the tenantless grave of one unknown to fame save in his death, and wreathe with im- with awe. mortelles the head-stone of an unpretending and almost Canadian youth, we allow no inequality of mental difference in position to separate in our who dared statesman man who memory to live for his country, dared to die for it. Were he friendless gifts, the orator no and and the brave yeo- the most obscure in the land, were he without a friend in the wide world, the cause he died in was should make among us, c ours, and the consciousness of every Canadian his God friend that sacrifice There are those help them for cold-hearted sycophants ! who CANADA first; 34 dare to speak glibly of indiscretion the savings of a lifetime of rashness toil, when men have staked or, when men have and mutter We have their lives. demands of discreet as to yield to the about line and we force, too little When we of that indiscretion and that rashness now-a-days. have grown so wise as to do everything by sacrificed: generalities rule, shall and so have at- tained a state of perfection incompatible with a free existence. The meanest of all meanness grees even in that. The is our teeth, alms the measure of our tude, good from the We We in the rear. that We want of men it ; let heart. ; die for sentiment A It let us not give occasion we we can alleged that is us show that does not look very lo the charge of senti- and oftentimes sacrifice much may cost scores of lives a song formidable, yet it may quicken revolution a flag and and desolate an empire. be man who and respect courage. everything for an idea. worth, yet call that the have been taunted with lack of con- may, perhaps, lay ourselves open mentalism, but ; be deserted nor harshly judged are prone to exhibit a cowardly spirit at least recognize of he who places us under na- fidence in the future of our country for the imputation of spite, to strip all not be forgotten shall steps to the front, shall neither by those grati- memory of go unrewarded; that sufferings en- tional obligation, shall not dured on our account back, in have need to stand by each other, know all flings a miracle of to blacken the with malignant or, sacrifice. and we would have who ability, is compared with him who seeks one who died a martyr, and there are de- ingratitude, thankless wretch stirred to its depths piece of bunting it There ; is not of ; is a national heart which can a national imagination that can be aroused to a fervent glow; and, when noble deeds are to be done, or great triumphs of progress and reform to be achieved, OUR NEW NATIONALITY. we appeal to lead the forlorn in vain to reason the imminent deadly breach but at the ; forward with resistless eager pace. ; where A the national character ? qualities shall tier/' said D'Arcy McGee. You have whom men itself, therefore, as the the education of the peo- young men to guard your fronYou want a principle to guard sent your " your young men, and thus only your your young blast, and press proper organization of those high elementary work of those with " trumpet front, The political machine must we seek that power if not in which form character commends ple rests. hope or mount first proudly to the passion, enthusiasm, youth, step have a motive power 35 When I frontier. can hear say as proudly, our federation, or our country, young men of other countries do speak- or our kingdom, as the ing of their own, I shall then have less apprehension for the result of The whatever safety of ladium. Every people has exception? sole groping for ance ! may have the future trials in store for us." Troy depended upon the possession of the stumbling forward we know not what fully satisfied so weekly wage of toil ! Palladium. its ! long as Do Are we we in love of Search them out where you will —and there their by suffer- are permitted to garner the Canadians lack unvisited Pal- be the we know not where! only too glad to live on on the continent left to is country? hardly a nook adventurous steps —and you find that change of scene has neither obliterated nor tar- nished the memories which ever cling to the land of one's Should danger threaten, we know that the thoughts of many a wanderer would turn towards his Northern home, and we know too, that no intervening distance, no fetter of self-interbirth. est, would keep from our true sons of our common side, in the hour of trial, the loyal and country. Let but our statesmen do their duty, with the consciousness that CANADA FIRST 36 all OUR NEW NATIONALITY. OR, ; the elements which constitute greatness, are closer combination tional life : are here available for use Minerva-like into existence relative terms, a now awaiting a that all the requirements of a higher na- ; ; do not spring that nations that strength and weakness are few not being necessarily weak, because they are few, nor a multitude necessarily strong because they are many ; that hesitating, doubting, fearing, whining over supposed or even actual weakness, and conjuring up possible dangers is not the true way to strengthen the foundations of our Dominion, or to give confidence in its continuance. have faith in the rest, and cultivate a Let each of us broad feeling of regard for mutual welfare, as being those who are building up a fabric that is destined to endure. by a common belief Thus stimulated and thus strengthened in a glorious future, watchword to give unity we to thought and with a common and power to endeavour, shall attain the fruition of our cherished hopes, and give our beloved country a proud position among the nations of the earth. THE END. Hunter, Rose & Co., Printers, Bookbinders, &c.