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Capítulo 2 Gramática 1 Parte 1

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Capítulo 2 Gramática 1 Parte 1
Capítulo 2 Gramática 1 Parte 1
Los Objetos Indirectos, Los
Complementos Indirectos, Dar y
Decir
Repaso: Los Objetos Directos
What is a direct object?
A direct object is the person or thing that
receives the direct action of the verb.
I want tacos for dinner.
Direct Object
Los Objetos Indirectos
What is an indirect object?
An indirect object is the person who receives
the direct object or benefits from the action
of the verb.
My mom gave the cake to me.
or
My mom gave me the cake.
Direct Object:
Indirect Object:
cake
me
Una Indicación
To find both the direct and indirect objects:
My mom gave me the cake.
or
My mom gave the cake to me.
Find the verb: gave
Ask yourself- gave who/what?: the cake
That’s the direct object.
Then ask-to whom/for whom?: me
That’s the indirect object.
Los Complementos Indirectos:
me (me)
te (you)
le (him/her/you formal)
nos (us)
os (you all-Spain)
les (they, you all)
El peluquero le corta el
pelo a la señora.
“le” refers to the
“señora”
*En español se usa la “a” antes
del objeto indirecto.
Los complementos…
• Indirect object pronouns stand for the indirect
object noun.
• The pronouns can take the place of the noun or
be used together with the noun (unlike Direct
Object Pronouns, which replace the nouns
completely.)
El peluquero le corta el pelo a la señora.
or
El peluquero le corta el pelo.
Reglas de Colocación…
• The rules for placement of Indirect Object
Pronouns are the same as for other pronouns
(reflexive, direct object, etc.)
-before the conjugated verb
-attached to the infinitive
-attached to the present participle
-attached to the affirmative command
-between the “no” and the negative command
Un banquero presta dinero a Juan.
Un banquero le presta dinero (a
Juan).
Marcos enseña español a David.
Marcos le enseña español.
¿Dos complementos?
Can you use two pronouns in the same sentence?
Yes! The order is always:
R—Reflexive
I—Indirect
D—Direct
RID
Verbos Nuevos
Indirect objects are often used
with verbs for giving or telling
something to someone.
Dar—to give
doy
damos
das
dais
da
dan
Rosa le da el correo a Lola.
Decir—to say/tell
digo
decimos
dices
decís
dice
dicen
Miguel nunca les dice la verdad a sus padres.
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