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File - La Clase de Sra.Resnick

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File - La Clase de Sra.Resnick
STEM-CHANGING VERBS
BOOT VERBS
¿Más verbos?
¡Ay no,
Señorita!
Every verb has two parts: The stem and the
ending. We change the ending to say who’s
doing the action.
 Querer – to want
Quer = stem -er= ending
 Stem changing verbs are verbs that have a
spelling change in the STEM of a conjugated
verb everywhere but NOSOTROS and
VOSOTROSl


There are 4 types of stem-changing verbs:
EIE
O  UE
EI
U o_ue
UE
SOME STEM-CHANGERS/BOOT VERBS
YOU’VE LEARNED
Querer: e--> ie
Yo quiero Taco Bell.
Tener: e--> ie
¿Tienes hermanos?
Venir: e--> ie
¿A qué hora vienes al colegio?
BOOT VERBS
Empezar- to begin
Empezamos
Empiezo
Empezáis
Nosotros
Empiezas
Empieza
Empiezan
Vosotros
There are two forms that DON’T stem
change because they are outside of the
“boot”
HOW WILL I KNOW WHEN TO STEM
CHANGE AND HOW DO THEY CHANGE?
Good news...
Bad news...
WHICH VERBS STEM-CHANGE?



Good News: use REGULAR VERB endings.
Bad News: There is no way to tell if a verb is a
stem-changer. You have to memorize which verbs
change and what changes occur for each.
Good news: There are very few verbs that are
stem-changing
EIE VERBS
-AR verbs
Cerrar = to close
Empezar = to start
Pensar = to think
-ER verbs
Perder = to loose
Querer = to want
Tener *= to have
Entender = to understand
-IR verbs
Preferir = to prefer
Venir* = to come
• Some verbs have irregularities:
• Venir = yo vengo
• Tener = yo tengo
CERRAR (EIE) = TO CLOSE




#1 - find the stem (drop the –AR)
CERRAR  CERR#2 - find the vowel in the stem  CERR
#3 - change the vowel to the stem change
CERR  CIERR
#4 – add the appropriate endings for –AR verbs
Yo
cierro
Nosotros cerramos
Tú
cierras
Vosotros cerráis
Ud
Uds
Él
cierra
Ellos
cierran
Ella
Ellas
PREFERIR(EIE) - TO PREFER




#1 - find the stem (drop the –IR )
PREFERIR  PREFER#2 - find the vowel in the stem  PREFER#3 - change the vowel to the stem change
PREFER-  PREFIER#4 – add the appropriate endings for –IR verbs
Yo prefiero
Nosotros preferimos
Tú prefieres
Vosotros preferís
Ud
Uds
Él
prefiere
Ellos
prefieren
Ella
Ellas
OUE VERBS
-AR verbs
Almorzar = to eat lunch
Costar = to cost
Contar= to tell
-ER verbs
Volver = to go back (return)
Llover = to rain
Poder= to be able to / can do
-IR verbs
Dormir = to sleep
These verbs follow the same pattern as the EIE verbs
DORMIR(OUE) - TO SLEEP




#1 - find the stem (drop the –IR )
DORMIR  DORM#2 - find the vowel in the stem  DORM#3 - change the vowel to the stem change
DORM-  DUERM#4 – add the appropriate endings for –IR verbs
Yo duermo
Nosotros dormimos
Tú duermes
Vosotros dormís
Ud
Uds
Él
duerme
Ellos
duermen
Ella
Ellas
Use dormir hasta to say you sleep until a certain time.
Los domingos dormimos hasta las once.
*JUGAR (UUE) = TO PLAY




Jugar is a
#1 - find the stem (drop the –AR)
UUE verb!
JUGAR  JUG#2 - find the vowel in the stem  JUG#3 - change the vowel to the stem change
JUG-  JUEG#4 – add the appropriate endings for –AR verbs
Yo
juego
Nosotros jugamos
Tú
juegas
Vosotros jugáis
Ud
Uds.
Él
juega
Ellos
juegan
Ella
Ellas
EI VERBS
Pedir = to ask for
Servir = to serve
Decir* = to say/tell
Repetir = to repeat
All EI verbs end
with –IR!
* Some verbs have irregularities:
•Decir = yo digo
REPETIR (EI) - TO REPEAT




#1 - find the stem (drop the –IR )
REPETIR  REPET#2 - find the vowel in the stem  REPET#3 - change the vowel to the stem change
REPET-  REPIT#4 – add the appropriate endings for –IR verbs
Yo
repito
Nosotros repetimos
Tú
repites
Vosotros repetís
Ud
Uds
Él
repite
Ellos
repiten
Ella
Ellas
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