Study guide for Test

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Study guide for Test
Study guide for Mid Term Test
Basic greetings
Hola---Hello (If you get this wrong, 100 pushups.)
ʖCómo estás?---How are you?
Estoy bien--- I’m good.
Así así---So-so.
ʖQué tal?---What’s up?
Buenos días---Good morning.
This part will be simple translation. If I give you
the English phrase, write the Spanish. If I give you
the Spanish, please write the English translation.
To talk about activities
• In this portion of the test, you will see various
pictures of people doing hobbies. Write the
activity in Spanish represented by each picture.
• Leer revistas---to read magazines.
• Bailar---to dance
• Tocar la guitarra---to play the guitar
• Hablar por teléfono---to talk on the phone
• Usar la computadora---to use the computer.
• escribir cuentos---to write stories
How to describe people in Spanish
• Remember, ʖCómo es? means What is he/she like? So you will be
asked to describe someone by looking at pictures and then write
complete sentences describing them.
• Common descriptions of people…
• Desordenado--- messy.
• Artístico--- artistic
• Gracioso---funny
• Estudioso---studious (likes to study)
• Deportista---sportsminded, likes to play sports.
• Ordenado---organized
• Examples--- Ella es ordenada.---She is organized.
Él es artístico----He is artistic.
How to describe people (cont’d)
• On the test you will see various pictures of people. You
will be asked ʖCómo es el chico? Or ʖCómo es la chica?
You will then write a sentence describing the person
from the picture. For example, if there is a picture of a
male student with his locker really messy, you would
write….” Él es desordenado.”---He is messy.
• BE CAREFUL---If it is a female being described, change
it to “desordenada” to reflect the correct gender.
EXCEPT WITH DEPORTISTA…this always end in –a
whether it’s a male or female being described.
Family tree
• You will see a family tree with people in it.
Then you will be asked questions like “Quién
es la madre de Luisa?”---Who is Luisa’s
• You will then look at the family tree and write
the name of Luisa’s mother.
Family tree names (cont’d)
La madre---mother
Los primos---cousins
Los tíos--- aunts/uncles
El abuelo---grandfather
Los hermanos---brothers and sisters
La esposa—wife
El esposo---husband
Los hijos---children
Subject pronouns
Yo= I
Tú =you (informal)
Él = he
Ella = she
Usted = you (formal)
Nosotros, -as = we, us
Ellos, -as = they
Ustedes = you all
• Use this slide only as a review to help you conjugate
verbs in the following pages.
Verb conjugation
• See attached following sheets. You will have to conjugate only the
verbs below.
Limpiar---to clean
Lavar---to wash
Ayudar---to help
Dormir---to sleep
Morir---to die
• Remember, dormir (to sleep) and morir (to die) are o to ue stem
changing verbs. Change the o to ue in all cases except the
• For example---- I help----yo ayudo
She sleeps----Ella duerme
The present progressive tense.
• Use “Estoy”—(I am) along to say that you are doing
something right now.
• For –ar verbs, take off the last two letters (-ar) and add
–ando. For verbs that end in –er,-ir, take off the last
two letters and add –iendo.
• Bailar --- bailando --- dancing.
• Comer---comiendo---eating.
• Estoy bailando.---- I’m dancing.
• Estoy comiendo.---- I’m eating.
• You will only be tested on “Estoy” and the following
verbs---bailar, comer, limpiar, hablar, lavar.
• EL FIN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
• If you want more, just let me know!
• YOU CAN DO IT!!!!!!!!!!!
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